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VOLUME LXXX.-NO. 24.
DESPERATION OF DEMOCRACY Must Down the Doctrine Established by Grover Cleveland. SO SAYS GOV. ALTGELD AT PEORIA. Reptfclicans and Gold Advocates Assailed in the Illinois Convention. BIMETALLISM IS DEMANDED BY ITS ADVOCATES. But the Sentiment of the Sucker State Is Not Unanimous in Wisconsin, Ohio, Indiana and Texas. PEORIA, 111., June 23.— These are the ' principal planks of the platform adopted i this evening by the Democratic State Con- ; vention, which met here to-day: We favor the soundest and safest money 1 known to man, and as experience has shown | that this consists of both gold and silver, with equal rights of coinage and full legal tender power, we demand the repeal of that Republi can and plutocratic legislation which de monetized silver and reduced it to the basis of token money, destroying by half the stock of real money, and by doubling the work to be done by gold doubled its purchasing power so that the farmers and producers had to give twice as much work to get a dollar as they formerly had, and found it hard to meet their ; debts, interest, taxes and fixed charges, which were not lowered. In this way the market for ! those things which the mechanic and laborer made was destroyed, and the factories had to Ehut down. But by this taking out of the commercial ' world one half of its blood, industry and trade i have been paralyzed and idleness and misery spread over the. civilized world. With richest ; natural resources, with a most industrious, frugal and enterprising population, and with the most Abundant harvest.-, our people are ! in distress. Three per cent of our population ; own over half the wealth of this Republic j and almost the only men who prosper are the ' bond sharks and the men who fatten off the misery of their country. These are conditions , under which republican institutions cannot long endure. We believe in the greatness and patriotism, of the American people; in their energy, in dustry and thrift; and that such a people, with the unlimited resources of our land, are strong enough to sustain a monetary system without the aid of foreign governments. We believe the benefits of the independence which ; ire fr«in«d « hundred rears ago — the - war for j which was initiated upon a matter of tribute should not be lost by yielding vassalage, to a monetary system preferred by other govern- j ments. We believe bimetalliism, which has dove the I Horacs Boies of lowa, Who Will Be Backed by Many Silver Democrats of the East for the Presidential Nomination. The San Francisco Call. j work of the world since the dawn of civiliza tion, and wuich was made the basis of the monetary system by Hamilton and Jefferson, is absolutely necessary at piesent to the pros perity of mankind and ihnt its re-establish ment will check the present business paralysis, will give to the country a saie and honest cur rency of adequate volume, will restore prices of agricultural commodities, will encourage enterprise and give onr people steady and prof j itable employment. Having learned through i bitter experience that Wall street has con- I trolled the financial legislation at Washington, ; mill knowing that every <.'ffort will be made to J defeat the will of the people, we deem it pioper to be explicit in our declarations. Actuated by the foregoing principles and • desiring the prosperity of the people, we de ! mand the immediate restoration of the free ! and unlimited coinage of both gold and silver a> standard money at the ratio of Hi ounces of silver to 1 ounce of god, of equal fineness, with full leeal ten ter power to >?ach metal, without waiting for or depending on any other nation on earth; and the delegates from ! this convention to the National Democratic Convention are instructed to use all honorable means to secure a similar declaration by said ' National Convention and to support only such men for the Presidency as are in full and pro nounced sympathy with these principles. We are also opposed to the contraction of the I currency by the retirement of any part of the ! present outstanding treasury notes. We favor a tariff for revenue only, and de clare that the Government should collect no more taxes than are necessary to defray the j expenses of the Government, honestly and i economically administered. We are unalterably opposed to the revival of any such monstrosity in legislation as th,atact of Congress which was known as the McKin ley law, which for the fiscal year ending June ■ 3u, 1894, produced a deficit in the United States treasury of $70,000,000, uuder which wages were greatly lowered, and which gave , proprietors a monopoly, while it permitted them to fill their shops with the cheapest kind ! of cheap labor, brought from all parts of the : earth. We demand the abolition of government by injunction, that new form of oppression and weapon of the money power never Detore heard of among men, whereby a Federal Judge at ; once became a legislator. Judge and executor. It i.« absolutely destructive ol republican in stitutions; it robs the American people of the right of trial by jury and of hII the protection by the constitution. The arbitrary interfer ence on the part Of the Federal Government in local affairs by ignoring lawful authorities '■ is not only a violation of the constitution of i the United States, but a crime against free ! government, aud is destructive of the very '• foundations of democratic and republican in stitutl We call attention to the fact that the Ka | tional Republican Convention, recently in ses- Bioa at St. Louis, was absolutely dominated by ; those men who devour the substance of others, ' and by those influences which have been so prolific of corruption in all branches of the j public service. That convention yielded to the iron hand of the barons of monopoly and nominated as President the author of the most iniquitous tariff bill ever enacted, and, bowing down to the money power, declared in favor oi a single gold standard. We favor an amendment to the Federal con- I stitution permitting the levying and collect j ing of an income tOK. The delegates from this convention to the | National Democratic Convention are In structed to support only snch men for trie Presidency as are In full and pronounced | sympathy with the declarations of this plat ! form, and the delegates to the National Con ! ventiou are instructed to vote upou all mat SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 24, 1896. THE ANXIOUS HEN AND THE WAYWARD GOSLINGS. ters, including nominations for candidates, as a unit. This is the State ticket: Governor, John P. Altgeld. Lieutenant-Governor, Monroe C. Craw ford. Secretary of State, Filis F. Downing. Auditor of State, W. F. Beck. State Treasurer, Edward C. Pace. Attorney-General, George A. Trude. There were in the neighborhood of seven thousand delegates and visitors in attend ance when State Chairman Hinrichson called the State Democratic Convention to order in the immense Tabernacle, which was crowded to the doors with visitors, anxious to witness the successful culmina tion of the effort to commit the Demo cracy of Illinois to the free silver creed— a policy which was inaugurated in a special convention of the party held at Springfield over a year ago for the consideration of the financial question. The thoroughness with which the silver legions have swept the State may be judged from the fact that less than fifty "sound money" delegates have seats in the convention. The usual committees were appointed by the convention at its initial session to day, and although the body has not as yet formally committed itself, it is a foregone conclusion that free silver resolutions will be adopted and free silver candidates selected to the National Convention. Alexander Hamilton Bell of Uarlinville, the temporary, chairman, spoke as follows: "The "Republican National Convention last week, dominated by the northeastern Continued cm Second I'fige. "WE ARE GOING TO CARRY CALIFORNIA," Samuel M. Shortridge and John D. Spreckels Predict Re publican Success. PROTECTION THE FIRST ISSUE. When Prosperity Is R turned the Money Question Will Soon Be S ived. NEW YORK, N. V., June 23.— Two j I prominent Republicans from the Pacific j Slope are at the Hoffman House. They j ■ are John D. Spreckels, member of the Re- i publican National Committee, from San j Francisco, and Samue! M. Shortridge of ' | the same State. Sho-tr'dge is one of the; '. jounger mßn :n the Ko publican party i.i : I the far West and is an aggressive fighter. | j He is a candidate for the United States | j Senate and many of his friends think he i will succeed Senator Perkins. "We are going to carry California for the Republican narty upon the platform adopted at St. Louis, 1 ' said Shortridge yis terday. "In our State Convention we de- [ dared for MeKiniey and free coinage. We got McKinley at St. Louis, bat we did not get free coinage. Half a loal is better than no bread and we are going to take off our j coats to fight for the ticket, and while it • may be a tremendous fight, yet I think I can say confidently that the State will go Republican. "Protection ia the great issue. Califor nia is not a silver-producing State. Her mines are gold n>ines, but. her great indus try, the one that employs more men than all others, is agriculture. California is for i free silver, perhaps, first, on account of | sympathy with other neiehboring States; | second, she is for free silver because she i believes that free coinage will do much to j mitigate the ills that the country has suf ! fered. "I contend, and I believe tnat I am right, that the proper solution of the money question is through protection. What we want to do first is to start the mills going and open the workshops that are now closed. After we once have em ployment for the time then it is time to talk about the dollar they earn. I believe that McKinley will be elected." John D. Spreckels. who defeated M. H. de Young for the place on the National Committee, is also confident that the Re publican party will carry California. He says that protection means more to the people of California than free coinage does and that he thinks they wiil fight it out for protection first and then keep on the battle for an international bimetallic agreement. Both he and Mr. Shortridge think that such an agreement is to be effected some day. Senator Squire of Washington came to the Fifth Avenue Hotel yesterday. The Senator is from a free coinage State and he was thoughtful when asked about the situation. He professed a wish not to en ter into details of the situation, but did say that he, as a Republican, would sup port McKinley and Hobart. He believed bis State would remain within the Repub lican column. HANNA VISITS McKINLEY. Members of the Notification Com mittee Will Wait Upon the Stand ard-Bearer Next Monday. CANTON, Ohio, June 23.— Major Me- Kinley met his famous manager, Mr. Hanna,ve?terday for the first time since the triumphant conclusion of his labors of the past six months at St. Louis last Thurs day. Tnere was nothing theatrical nor demonstrative about it, neither of the gentlemen being inclined to exhibit emo tion even under the most trying condi tions. Mr. Hanna came down on the Valley Railroad in his private car, accompanied by Mrs. Hanna, Hon. Henry Clay Evans of Chattanooga, Term., Mr. Hobart's most formidable opponent for the second place on the ticket nominated at St. Louis; Colonel and Mrs. Fred D. Grant of New York; W. M. Osborne, a cousin of the major's and ex-Police Commissioner of Boston, and Mewsrs. Myron T. Herrick and Sylvester Everett of Cleveland. Major McKinley was- at the station and he met his guests in the car. The greet ing to and from Mr. Hanna was marked with a cordial grasp of the bands. The major said, "I am glad to see you," and Mr. Hanna responded, "Major, I am glad to see you." Alighting, Major McKin ley took Mrs. Hanna, Mrs. Grant and Mrs. Evans with him in the family carriage, and, drawn by the staid old white horse, they proceeded sedately and securely to the house. The gentlemen utilized public conveyances. Mr. Evans was his usual frank, enter taining self, and responded readily to the suggestion of an interview. "What do you think of the ticket now that it does not include the name of Evans?" he was asked. "I think it is a first-rate combination," was his hearty answer, "and a sure win ner. It will go well in our part of the country." "Is there any chance for carrying Ten nessee? 1 ' "Indeed there is; much more than a fighting chance, too. Our Governorship contest will give us votes. The Democrats nominated Bob Taylor as the only man they could possibly elect. He served two terms and made a very popular Governor. He cannot point to a single measure in augurated during his four years' adminis tration which benefited the people in the least, while we can specify several abuses which oric mated in that period. Possibly the worst of these is what is known as 'the county back-tax attorney' law. That j provides for the appointment of an attor- j ney, 07 one ?o-caJled -t ieast, in each of the ninety-six counties of the State, who are authorized to institute suit for the recovery of unpaid back taxes. It has proved to be a very burdensome law. In I Shelby County, where the nephev; of Sen- j ator Harris was appointed, the fees of the i attorney this year, I am told, will amount j to over $50,000." After lunch Mr. Hanna came out on the ! porch with the other visitors and chatted most affably with the newspaper men who made that their cam pins place. "Anything important bring you down here to-day?" was asked Mr. Hanna by the United Press representative. "No, I can't say there was," he replied. "I returned from the convention only j j Saturday and naturally wanted to see | Major McKinley at the first convenient opportunity. That was to-day." "What about the committee on notifica tion?" "The members will gather in Cleveland I and leave there by special train next Mon ! day morning for Canton, returning later in the day. The speeches will be made early, so that the ceremony can be con cluded by lunch." HENRY OF NAVARRE, AUGUST BEIMONT'S KING OF THE AMERICAN TURF. At SheeFshcad Bay yesterday this great thoroughbred won the thirteenth Suburban handicap, with Griffin up and carrying top weight. He is conceded by all good judges to be the peer of any horse that ever won this historic event. BOIES OR BLAND WILL LEAD, "Have yon selected the members of the executive committee^?" *' "I cannot say that the selections are all made, but I am at work on the subject and will announce the names in a few days. . I may say that all publication of names in connection with the composi tion of the committee have been wholly unauthorized." ;"»..-» v - "There has been much said about the financial plank ' of the platform, Mr. Hanna, and the reason for its adoption in its present form. What have you to say?" ■ "Only this, that the assertion that it was in any sense forced upon ; the com mittee or convention by the delegates from the East or any particular part of the East is untrue." "Then it is satisfactory to you?" "Personally speaking, entirely so." "What shape or direction will the cam paign take, tariff or finance?'.' "Oh, it will be strongly tariff ; you may j be sure of that." • Later Mr.' Hanna was closeted with Mr. j McKinley, remaining with him until train time. While these visitors were at the house they were joined by W. M. Hahn of Mansfield, formerly member of the Na tional Committee from Ohio, and Colonel Henry I. Kowalsky, a delegate from San Francisco, en route to Pittsburg, where he will address the ratification meeting to be held in Carnegie Hall. The colonel takes a ' roseate view of the situation in the West. "California," he said, "is vitally inter ested in the maintenance of the principles -, of protection and upon that issue the Re- i publican party will triumphantly carry ! the State. The money question will cut no important figure. X think the condi- j tion of things in Colorado warrants me in | saying that Wolcott will defeat Teller and that the Centennial State will remain in the Republican column. I have talked ■ with Major McKinley and he is of the ! opinion that several of the silver States, j so called, can be carried this year on the protective tariff argument. Mr. Hahn spoke in the same strain. "You have to make your campaign," he said, "upon your whole platform. This j year it is protection and sound money, | and by that we will win. The people nor- j mated McKinley and the people will elect him. Every man who carries a tin pail — and we must have them to win — is ■ think- j ing of the tariff as the aeeney which con- ! trols the condition of affairs and makes it possible for him to keep his dinner pail I rilled, or prevents him from filling it." A delegation of 250 citizens from Zanes- ; ville and Muskingum County visited Ma- < jor McKinley to-night and in greeting \ them he said: "We have had some experience in the last three years and a half. Experienc? has superseded prophecy and cold facts ! have taken the place of prediction. We i all Know more than we knew three years ! and a half. 3,8:0, aud«,weara.a.lL ready and I • anxious to get back to the psriod of 1892, when this country was enjoying its high ! est prosperity, with : the largest domestic . ; trade it ever enjoyed, and the largest for eign trade with the nations of the world, i We want to get back to that policy, my I fellow citizens, which will give to us work and wages, give to agriculture a home I market and a good foreign market, which i • was opened up by reciprocity legislation ' of the Republican party. We have come to appreciate that protective tariffs are • better than idleness and that wise tariff : legislation is more business-like than debts ! I ami deficiencies, and all feel the sooner we i can change that policy which increases ! J the debts of the Government to the policy i | of 'paying as we go.' the sooner we will i reach individual and National prosperity. And, my countrymen, there is another thing the people are determined upon, ! and that is that a lull day's work must be j paid in a full dollar." [Cries of "Good" an<l loud cheers.] CLEVELAND, Ohio, June 23.— M. A. Hanna said this evening that he had not I yet selected the secretary of the National Committee, and refused to say whether it would be Major Dick, his private secretary. PRICE FIVE CENTS. But There Are to Be Many- Other Candidates at Chicago. CHOSEN SONS OF THE STATES. Much Oratory in Order When the Nominations fcr Presi dent Are Made. A VERY LONG CONVENTION PROMISED. Proposed Policy of the Gold Men to Divide the Field as Much as Possible. WASHINGTON, D. C, June 23.—Poli ticians are now figuring that the Chicago convention will be in session ten days or two weeks. They believe that the matter ' of a platform will not take up much time j after the convention gets to work. The I platform, if there is no change in the pro j gramme of the silver men, will not be | long, not half so long as that of the St. I Louis convention. The tariff will be I touched lightly and if there is anything ' like a straddle anywhere it will be on this question. But judging from the present ■ outlook no candidate for the Presidential ', nomination will have as much as 150 votes ! to start. Boies or Bland will lead. It will be a great day of oratory when the time for nominations is reached, and there will be so many candidates that a long time will be I consumed in placing them in nomination. i lowa will present Boies, Missouri will put i forward the name of "Silver Dick" Bland, Indiana will present Matthews, Ohio will say Campbell is her favorite, Stevenson ■ will be put up by delegates from different ' States, California wiil present the name of | Senator White, South Carolina will show I up with the name of Tillman, some of the j silver men will agree to put Teller in j nomination, Kentucky will enthusiasti j caily present Blackburn, Pattison will be I the choice of Pennsylvania, Russell will 1 be presented by some of the New England ; men, Wnitney and Carlisle will find friends, and there are Senator Gorman, Senator Morgan, Senator Harris, Governor Altgeld and a large number of possibili '< ties. In fact, the field will be an unlim itWi o'»o, arid it woukl not be saie to picfc ! the favorite and place money on him | against the field. it is said that it will be the policy of tha gold-standard men to divide the field as much as possible. They will have three or four men in nomination and will scat ter their votes until it is seen that the sil ver men are beginning to concentrate on a certain man; then they will go to the man most likely to receive votes from the silver delegates. Campbell is said to be the man selected to make the last race against the strongest silver candidate. His popularity among Southern men may make him a formidable candidate. If Campbell is not the most available man there is Stevenson, and a last rosort may find Morrison in the race. He did not say in his recent telegram that he did not want his name presented at Chicago. He simply asked that nothing be done to secure the indorsement of the Illinois con vention for .iim. It is said here that there is no likelihood that Campbell will get the full vote of Ohio. The full fledged silver men there like the Governor well enough personally and as a Democrat, but they think his conversion to silver is only partial. This