VOLUME LXXX.-NO. 24.
DESPERATION OF DEMOCRACY
Must Down the Doctrine
Established by Grover
SO SAYS GOV. ALTGELD
Reptfclicans and Gold Advocates
Assailed in the Illinois
BIMETALLISM IS DEMANDED
BY ITS ADVOCATES.
But the Sentiment of the Sucker State
Is Not Unanimous in Wisconsin,
Ohio, Indiana and Texas.
PEORIA, 111., June 23.— These are the '
principal planks of the platform adopted i
this evening by the Democratic State Con- ;
vention, which met here to-day:
We favor the soundest and safest money 1
known to man, and as experience has shown |
that this consists of both gold and silver, with
equal rights of coinage and full legal tender
power, we demand the repeal of that Republi
can and plutocratic legislation which de
monetized silver and reduced it to the basis
of token money, destroying by half the stock
of real money, and by doubling the work to be
done by gold doubled its purchasing power so
that the farmers and producers had to give
twice as much work to get a dollar as they
formerly had, and found it hard to meet their ;
debts, interest, taxes and fixed charges, which
were not lowered. In this way the market for !
those things which the mechanic and laborer
made was destroyed, and the factories had to
But by this taking out of the commercial '
world one half of its blood, industry and trade i
have been paralyzed and idleness and misery
spread over the. civilized world. With richest ;
natural resources, with a most industrious,
frugal and enterprising population, and with
the most Abundant harvest.-, our people are !
in distress. Three per cent of our population ;
own over half the wealth of this Republic j
and almost the only men who prosper are the '
bond sharks and the men who fatten off the
misery of their country. These are conditions ,
under which republican institutions cannot
We believe in the greatness and patriotism,
of the American people; in their energy, in
dustry and thrift; and that such a people,
with the unlimited resources of our land, are
strong enough to sustain a monetary system
without the aid of foreign governments. We
believe the benefits of the independence which ;
ire fr«in«d « hundred rears ago — the - war for j
which was initiated upon a matter of tribute
should not be lost by yielding vassalage, to a
monetary system preferred by other govern- j
We believe bimetalliism, which has dove the I
Horacs Boies of lowa, Who Will Be Backed by Many Silver Democrats of the East for the
The San Francisco Call.
j work of the world since the dawn of civiliza
tion, and wuich was made the basis of the
monetary system by Hamilton and Jefferson,
is absolutely necessary at piesent to the pros
perity of mankind and ihnt its re-establish
ment will check the present business paralysis,
will give to the country a saie and honest cur
rency of adequate volume, will restore prices
of agricultural commodities, will encourage
enterprise and give onr people steady and prof
j itable employment. Having learned through
i bitter experience that Wall street has con-
I trolled the financial legislation at Washington,
; mill knowing that every <.'ffort will be made to
J defeat the will of the people, we deem it pioper
to be explicit in our declarations.
Actuated by the foregoing principles and
• desiring the prosperity of the people, we de
! mand the immediate restoration of the free
! and unlimited coinage of both gold and silver
a> standard money at the ratio of Hi ounces of
silver to 1 ounce of god, of equal fineness,
with full leeal ten ter power to >?ach metal,
without waiting for or depending on any
other nation on earth; and the delegates from
! this convention to the National Democratic
Convention are instructed to use all honorable
means to secure a similar declaration by said
' National Convention and to support only such
men for the Presidency as are in full and pro
nounced sympathy with these principles.
We are also opposed to the contraction of the
I currency by the retirement of any part of the
! present outstanding treasury notes.
We favor a tariff for revenue only, and de
clare that the Government should collect no
more taxes than are necessary to defray the
j expenses of the Government, honestly and
i economically administered.
We are unalterably opposed to the revival of
any such monstrosity in legislation as th,atact
of Congress which was known as the McKin
ley law, which for the fiscal year ending June
■ 3u, 1894, produced a deficit in the United
States treasury of $70,000,000, uuder which
wages were greatly lowered, and which gave
, proprietors a monopoly, while it permitted
them to fill their shops with the cheapest kind
! of cheap labor, brought from all parts of the
We demand the abolition of government by
injunction, that new form of oppression and
weapon of the money power never Detore heard
of among men, whereby a Federal Judge at
; once became a legislator. Judge and executor.
It i.« absolutely destructive ol republican in
stitutions; it robs the American people of the
right of trial by jury and of hII the protection
by the constitution. The arbitrary interfer
ence on the part Of the Federal Government
in local affairs by ignoring lawful authorities
'■ is not only a violation of the constitution of
i the United States, but a crime against free
! government, aud is destructive of the very
'• foundations of democratic and republican in
We call attention to the fact that the Ka
| tional Republican Convention, recently in ses-
Bioa at St. Louis, was absolutely dominated by
; those men who devour the substance of others,
' and by those influences which have been so
prolific of corruption in all branches of the
j public service. That convention yielded to
the iron hand of the barons of monopoly and
nominated as President the author of the most
iniquitous tariff bill ever enacted, and, bowing
down to the money power, declared in favor
oi a single gold standard.
We favor an amendment to the Federal con-
I stitution permitting the levying and collect
j ing of an income tOK.
The delegates from this convention to the
| National Democratic Convention are In
structed to support only snch men for trie
Presidency as are In full and pronounced
| sympathy with the declarations of this plat
! form, and the delegates to the National Con
! ventiou are instructed to vote upou all mat
SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 24, 1896.
THE ANXIOUS HEN AND THE WAYWARD GOSLINGS.
ters, including nominations for candidates, as
This is the State ticket:
Governor, John P. Altgeld.
Lieutenant-Governor, Monroe C. Craw
Secretary of State, Filis F. Downing.
Auditor of State, W. F. Beck.
State Treasurer, Edward C. Pace.
Attorney-General, George A. Trude.
There were in the neighborhood of seven
thousand delegates and visitors in attend
ance when State Chairman Hinrichson
called the State Democratic Convention to
order in the immense Tabernacle, which
was crowded to the doors with visitors,
anxious to witness the successful culmina
tion of the effort to commit the Demo
cracy of Illinois to the free silver creed— a
policy which was inaugurated in a special
convention of the party held at Springfield
over a year ago for the consideration of
the financial question. The thoroughness
with which the silver legions have swept
the State may be judged from the fact that
less than fifty "sound money" delegates
have seats in the convention.
The usual committees were appointed
by the convention at its initial session to
day, and although the body has not as yet
formally committed itself, it is a foregone
conclusion that free silver resolutions will
be adopted and free silver candidates
selected to the National Convention.
Alexander Hamilton Bell of Uarlinville,
the temporary, chairman, spoke as follows:
"The "Republican National Convention
last week, dominated by the northeastern
Continued cm Second I'fige.
"WE ARE GOING TO
Samuel M. Shortridge and John
D. Spreckels Predict Re
PROTECTION THE FIRST ISSUE.
When Prosperity Is R turned the
Money Question Will Soon
Be S ived.
NEW YORK, N. V., June 23.— Two j
I prominent Republicans from the Pacific j
Slope are at the Hoffman House. They j
■ are John D. Spreckels, member of the Re- i
publican National Committee, from San j
Francisco, and Samue! M. Shortridge of '
| the same State. Sho-tr'dge is one of the;
'. jounger mßn :n the Ko publican party i.i :
I the far West and is an aggressive fighter. |
j He is a candidate for the United States |
j Senate and many of his friends think he
i will succeed Senator Perkins.
"We are going to carry California for
the Republican narty upon the platform
adopted at St. Louis, 1 ' said Shortridge yis
terday. "In our State Convention we de- [
dared for MeKiniey and free coinage. We
got McKinley at St. Louis, bat we did not
get free coinage. Half a loal is better than
no bread and we are going to take off our j
coats to fight for the ticket, and while it •
may be a tremendous fight, yet I think I
can say confidently that the State will go
"Protection ia the great issue. Califor
nia is not a silver-producing State. Her
mines are gold n>ines, but. her great indus
try, the one that employs more men than
all others, is agriculture. California is for
i free silver, perhaps, first, on account of
| sympathy with other neiehboring States;
| second, she is for free silver because she
i believes that free coinage will do much to
j mitigate the ills that the country has suf
"I contend, and I believe tnat I am
right, that the proper solution of the
money question is through protection.
What we want to do first is to start the
mills going and open the workshops that
are now closed. After we once have em
ployment for the time then it is time to
talk about the dollar they earn. I believe
that McKinley will be elected."
John D. Spreckels. who defeated M. H.
de Young for the place on the National
Committee, is also confident that the Re
publican party will carry California. He
says that protection means more to the
people of California than free coinage
does and that he thinks they wiil fight it
out for protection first and then keep on
the battle for an international bimetallic
agreement. Both he and Mr. Shortridge
think that such an agreement is to be
effected some day.
Senator Squire of Washington came to
the Fifth Avenue Hotel yesterday. The
Senator is from a free coinage State and
he was thoughtful when asked about the
situation. He professed a wish not to en
ter into details of the situation, but did
say that he, as a Republican, would sup
port McKinley and Hobart. He believed
bis State would remain within the Repub
HANNA VISITS McKINLEY.
Members of the Notification Com
mittee Will Wait Upon the Stand
ard-Bearer Next Monday.
CANTON, Ohio, June 23.— Major Me-
Kinley met his famous manager, Mr.
Hanna,ve?terday for the first time since the
triumphant conclusion of his labors of the
past six months at St. Louis last Thurs
day. Tnere was nothing theatrical nor
demonstrative about it, neither of the
gentlemen being inclined to exhibit emo
tion even under the most trying condi
Mr. Hanna came down on the Valley
Railroad in his private car, accompanied
by Mrs. Hanna, Hon. Henry Clay Evans
of Chattanooga, Term., Mr. Hobart's most
formidable opponent for the second place
on the ticket nominated at St. Louis;
Colonel and Mrs. Fred D. Grant of New
York; W. M. Osborne, a cousin of the
major's and ex-Police Commissioner of
Boston, and Mewsrs. Myron T. Herrick and
Sylvester Everett of Cleveland.
Major McKinley was- at the station and
he met his guests in the car. The greet
ing to and from Mr. Hanna was marked
with a cordial grasp of the bands. The
major said, "I am glad to see you," and
Mr. Hanna responded, "Major, I am glad
to see you." Alighting, Major McKin
ley took Mrs. Hanna, Mrs. Grant and Mrs.
Evans with him in the family carriage,
and, drawn by the staid old white horse,
they proceeded sedately and securely to
the house. The gentlemen utilized public
Mr. Evans was his usual frank, enter
taining self, and responded readily to the
suggestion of an interview.
"What do you think of the ticket now
that it does not include the name of
Evans?" he was asked.
"I think it is a first-rate combination,"
was his hearty answer, "and a sure win
ner. It will go well in our part of the
"Is there any chance for carrying Ten
nessee? 1 '
"Indeed there is; much more than a
fighting chance, too. Our Governorship
contest will give us votes. The Democrats
nominated Bob Taylor as the only man
they could possibly elect. He served two
terms and made a very popular Governor.
He cannot point to a single measure in
augurated during his four years' adminis
tration which benefited the people in the
least, while we can specify several abuses
which oric mated in that period. Possibly
the worst of these is what is known as
'the county back-tax attorney' law. That j
provides for the appointment of an attor- j
ney, 07 one ?o-caJled -t ieast, in each
of the ninety-six counties of the State,
who are authorized to institute suit for
the recovery of unpaid back taxes. It has
proved to be a very burdensome law. In I
Shelby County, where the nephev; of Sen- j
ator Harris was appointed, the fees of the i
attorney this year, I am told, will amount j
to over $50,000."
After lunch Mr. Hanna came out on the !
porch with the other visitors and chatted
most affably with the newspaper men who
made that their cam pins place.
"Anything important bring you down
here to-day?" was asked Mr. Hanna by
the United Press representative.
"No, I can't say there was," he replied.
"I returned from the convention only j
j Saturday and naturally wanted to see |
Major McKinley at the first convenient
opportunity. That was to-day."
"What about the committee on notifica
"The members will gather in Cleveland
I and leave there by special train next Mon
! day morning for Canton, returning later
in the day. The speeches will be made
early, so that the ceremony can be con
cluded by lunch."
HENRY OF NAVARRE, AUGUST BEIMONT'S KING OF THE AMERICAN TURF.
At SheeFshcad Bay yesterday this great thoroughbred won the thirteenth Suburban handicap,
with Griffin up and carrying top weight. He is conceded by all good judges to be the peer of any
horse that ever won this historic event.
BOIES OR BLAND WILL LEAD,
"Have yon selected the members of the
executive committee^?" *'
"I cannot say that the selections are all
made, but I am at work on the subject
and will announce the names in a few
days. . I may say that all publication of
names in connection with the composi
tion of the committee have been wholly
unauthorized." ;"»..-» v -
"There has been much said about the
financial plank ' of the platform, Mr.
Hanna, and the reason for its adoption in
its present form. What have you to
■ "Only this, that the assertion that it
was in any sense forced upon ; the com
mittee or convention by the delegates
from the East or any particular part of
the East is untrue."
"Then it is satisfactory to you?"
"Personally speaking, entirely so."
"What shape or direction will the cam
paign take, tariff or finance?'.'
"Oh, it will be strongly tariff ; you may j
be sure of that."
• Later Mr.' Hanna was closeted with Mr. j
McKinley, remaining with him until train
time. While these visitors were at the
house they were joined by W. M. Hahn of
Mansfield, formerly member of the Na
tional Committee from Ohio, and Colonel
Henry I. Kowalsky, a delegate from San
Francisco, en route to Pittsburg, where he
will address the ratification meeting to be
held in Carnegie Hall. The colonel takes
a ' roseate view of the situation in the
"California," he said, "is vitally inter
ested in the maintenance of the principles -,
of protection and upon that issue the Re- i
publican party will triumphantly carry !
the State. The money question will cut
no important figure. X think the condi- j
tion of things in Colorado warrants me in |
saying that Wolcott will defeat Teller and
that the Centennial State will remain in
the Republican column. I have talked ■
with Major McKinley and he is of the !
opinion that several of the silver States, j
so called, can be carried this year on the
protective tariff argument.
Mr. Hahn spoke in the same strain.
"You have to make your campaign," he
said, "upon your whole platform. This j
year it is protection and sound money, |
and by that we will win. The people nor- j
mated McKinley and the people will elect
him. Every man who carries a tin pail —
and we must have them to win — is ■ think- j
ing of the tariff as the aeeney which con- !
trols the condition of affairs and makes it
possible for him to keep his dinner pail I
rilled, or prevents him from filling it."
A delegation of 250 citizens from Zanes- ;
ville and Muskingum County visited Ma- <
jor McKinley to-night and in greeting \
them he said:
"We have had some experience in the
last three years and a half. Experienc?
has superseded prophecy and cold facts
! have taken the place of prediction. We
i all Know more than we knew three years
! and a half. 3,8:0, aud«,weara.a.lL ready and
I • anxious to get back to the psriod of 1892,
when this country was enjoying its high
! est prosperity, with : the largest domestic
. ; trade it ever enjoyed, and the largest for
eign trade with the nations of the world,
i We want to get back to that policy, my
I fellow citizens, which will give to us work
and wages, give to agriculture a home
I market and a good foreign market, which
i • was opened up by reciprocity legislation '
of the Republican party. We have come
to appreciate that protective tariffs are
• better than idleness and that wise tariff :
legislation is more business-like than debts !
I ami deficiencies, and all feel the sooner we
i can change that policy which increases !
J the debts of the Government to the policy i
| of 'paying as we go.' the sooner we will
i reach individual and National prosperity.
And, my countrymen, there is another
thing the people are determined upon,
! and that is that a lull day's work must be
j paid in a full dollar." [Cries of "Good"
an<l loud cheers.]
CLEVELAND, Ohio, June 23.— M. A.
Hanna said this evening that he had not
I yet selected the secretary of the National
Committee, and refused to say whether it
would be Major Dick, his private secretary.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
But There Are to Be Many-
Other Candidates at
CHOSEN SONS OF THE
Much Oratory in Order When
the Nominations fcr Presi
dent Are Made.
A VERY LONG CONVENTION
Proposed Policy of the Gold Men to
Divide the Field as Much as
WASHINGTON, D. C, June 23.—Poli
ticians are now figuring that the Chicago
convention will be in session ten days or
two weeks. They believe that the matter
' of a platform will not take up much time
j after the convention gets to work. The
I platform, if there is no change in the pro
j gramme of the silver men, will not be
| long, not half so long as that of the St.
I Louis convention. The tariff will be
I touched lightly and if there is anything
' like a straddle anywhere it will be on this
question. But judging from the present
■ outlook no candidate for the Presidential
', nomination will have as much as 150 votes
! to start.
Boies or Bland will lead. It will be a
great day of oratory when the time for
nominations is reached, and there will be
so many candidates that a long time will be
I consumed in placing them in nomination.
i lowa will present Boies, Missouri will put
i forward the name of "Silver Dick" Bland,
Indiana will present Matthews, Ohio will
say Campbell is her favorite, Stevenson
■ will be put up by delegates from different
' States, California wiil present the name of
| Senator White, South Carolina will show
I up with the name of Tillman, some of the
j silver men will agree to put Teller in
j nomination, Kentucky will enthusiasti
j caily present Blackburn, Pattison will be
I the choice of Pennsylvania, Russell will
1 be presented by some of the New England
; men, Wnitney and Carlisle will find
friends, and there are Senator Gorman,
Senator Morgan, Senator Harris, Governor
Altgeld and a large number of possibili
'< ties. In fact, the field will be an unlim
itWi o'»o, arid it woukl not be saie to picfc
! the favorite and place money on him
| against the field.
it is said that it will be the policy of tha
gold-standard men to divide the field as
much as possible. They will have three
or four men in nomination and will scat
ter their votes until it is seen that the sil
ver men are beginning to concentrate on
a certain man; then they will go to the
man most likely to receive votes from the
silver delegates. Campbell is said to be
the man selected to make the last race
against the strongest silver candidate.
His popularity among Southern men may
make him a formidable candidate. If
Campbell is not the most available man
there is Stevenson, and a last rosort may
find Morrison in the race. He did not
say in his recent telegram that he did not
want his name presented at Chicago. He
simply asked that nothing be done to
secure the indorsement of the Illinois con
vention for .iim.
It is said here that there is no likelihood
that Campbell will get the full vote of
Ohio. The full fledged silver men there
like the Governor well enough personally
and as a Democrat, but they think his
conversion to silver is only partial. This
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