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VOLUME LXXX.-NO. 26.
TILLMAN'S FREE SILVER SPEECH, New Yorkers Listen to Ar guments for Free Coinage. CAPITALISTS ATTACKED President Cleveland Proclaimed to Be a Tool of Wall Street. AN APPEAL TO LABORING MEN. Free Silver and New Precautionary Coin and Gold Certificates Demanded. NEW YORK, N. V.. June 25.-The sil ver mass-meeting at Cooper Union to night tilled the large auditorium and all the available standing room. The audience was enthusiastic. Senator Ben jamin R. Tillman of South Carolina oc cupied a prominent place on the platform and was cheered lustily when he entered the auditorium. George F. Keeney, founder of the Ameri can Silver Organization, presided. He said tbat the object of the meeting was to get resolutions adopted declaring for the free coinage of silver and urging the adop tion of free coinage by the Chicago Con vention. After Senator Bixby had made a few remarks, in wbich he said the country needed free siver and was going to get it, Hon. Alexander Delmar was introduced as a recognized authority, tbe world over, on the money question. He made a lengthy speech in which he said that the capitalists were not content with the high rates of interest, but wanted to bind the people to pay in gold, of which the,y had a monopoly. The country needed a medium of exchange. Gold would not do, because it would flow out of the country. Silver and greenbacks would do, because they would stay here. Fifty per cent of the business of the country, the speaker said, is done by note, proving that there is not sufficient money countine iv both gold and silver, for the volume of business. "This nation, if it is to remain inde pendent, must devise and maintain its own system of money," said Mr. Delmar, "and I saw, with the monetary com mis sions of I*7« and 1878. that aX attempts to render money international are doomed to disastrous failure." It took several minutes for the vast crowd in the auditorium to get through cheenne when Senator Tillman was in troduced. He began by paying his re spects to the newspapers. He said that the night would give an opportunity to show the members of tbe audience tbat the newspapers were unconscionable liars. The owners of the newspapers, he said, were prostitutes of journalism, and not a paper in New York would dare print his speech in full. The speaker said that although he had been much talked about and lied about, he had written his name on a page of South Carolina history in such a way that it would remain there always. Coming to the money question, the Senator said : "If the Chicago Convention does not give us Democracy and return to the faith of Washington and Jefferson I will have nothing to do with it afterward. The money question is up and has got to be settled. It is as important as was the slavery question, and if enough of you can get togetner to reverse the verdict of the two millionaire conventions you will de serve the thanks of the whole county. " Senator Tillman referred to the moneyed men of the East as timble-riergers, and re peated bis assertion that Cleveland was a tool of Wall street. Tbe Senator called on all those who had handled god within a year to hold up their hands. Half a dozen hands were raised. Then he called on those who had not handled gold coin to raise their hands. Possibly a thousand bands went up. THE RESIDENCE OF WILLIAM McKINLEY AT CANTON, OHIO. The photograph from which the above picture was made was presented to "The Call's" correspondent, John Paul Cosgrave, by Mrs. McKinley on the occasion of his visit to Canton in the interest of this paper last Saturday. The San Francisco Call. "Then where is the gold gone?" asked Senator Tillman. "You have not handled it. although 1450,000,000 or $550,000,000 in Government bonds were sold on Manhat tan Island." The Senator said that if he were in the Senate committee investigating the recent bond sale, he would ask President Cleve land why he made a private contract to sell bonds at 104J^ per cent, when they were selling on the public market at 117. He then talked about unemployed labor, which he said was a lever by wbich those employed were ground down to low wages. "You see on your own streetcar lines," he continued, "cars labeled 'United States Mail.' These cars don't carry any mail. They are put on there so the car lines can claim the protection of United States troops in case of a strike." Senator Tillman characterized John Sherman of Ohio as the high priest of I Mammon and the joint-owner with Hanna of William McKinley. "All of you who are going to vote for gold, hold up your hands," concluded the Senator. Five | hands were held up. . "All these who are going to vote for silver, regardless of party, hold up your hands." Over half the audience raised their hands. The speaker said, as he sat down: "America for Americans, and to with England and all other countries." Clarence Ladd-Davis read resolutions which were adopted by acclamation. They demand the incorporation in the platform of the National Democracy of the follow ing: First, A— That the mints of the United States shall be reopened to equally unrestricted coin age of goid and silver into unlimited legal tender money oi the United States; the gold to issue in the present standard goid coins, and the silver to issue in the present standard silver dollars. B— Depositors o! gold or silver at the mints to receive, if they prefer, in lieu of coin at the coining value, coin of the United States which shall be redeemed on demand, in gold or silver coin at the option and according to the convenience of the United States. C— As a safeguard against panic and money stringency the Secretary of the Treasury shall be empowered to issue coin certificates addi tionally against deposits of interest-bearing bonds of the United states, the interest accru ing on the bonds to Inare to the United States ! pending their re-exchange for the coin certifi j cates, which coin certificates when returned j shall be canceled, provided that such addi- j tional issues of coin certificates shall not reduce the percentage of coin and bullion reserved for coin certificates and silver certifi cates below 60 per cent of the aggregate sum of coin certificates and silver certificates out standing. The now outstanding silver certifi cates, gold certificates and treasury notes of 1890 to be retired as they come into toe treasury. This (A) is free coinage at 16 to 1; the convenient gold certificate (B) to take the place of gold certificates, silver certificates and treasury notes of 1890; the safeguard (C) would provide for a temporary in crease of $327,000,000 of paper money against the silver reported in the treasury June L Second— We demand provision for direct legislation by means of the optional Initiative and referendum. It was resolved that a committee attend tbe Populist convention ; n Rt. Louis to urge the adoption of tbe above demands as means to harmonize all elements of reform, in order to unite all reform forces for the pending campaign. GEORGIANS FAVOR SILVER Ten Out qf Eleven District Deieea- i tlons Are Pledged to Its Support. MACON, Ga., June 25. — Georgia's | Democracy adopted the unit rule in con vention to-day and sent a solid delegation to Chicaeo for free silver. Hon. Steve Clay was elected cha irman of the conven tion. Tbe delegates at large to Chicago aie: E. P. Howell of the Atlanta Constitution, j Senator Patrick Walsh of tl.e Augusta Chronicle, Hal Lewis and J. Pope Brown. Out of eleven Congressional districts there j are ten solid silver delegations, and the eleventh is bound to vote for a 16 to 1 bi- I metallic platform and bimetallic candi dates under the unit rule. The platiorm deplores lynchines and favors the enactment of such laws as will effectually prevent the same; declares its devotion to "pure Democratic faith, which demands that the primary money of the country shall be tbe gold and silver coin age of the constitution and which favors a circulating medium convertible into such money without loss"; and demands the free and unlimited coinage of both silver and gold, independent of the action of any other Government, at the ratio of 16 to 1. It also condemns "a financial policy wbich necessitates the increase of the bonded : debt of the country in time of peace, to . SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 26, 1896. This portrait is reproduced from a recent photograph presented to John Paul Cos grave, correspondent of "The Call," on the occasion of his visit to the McKinley residence at Canton last Saturday. maintain a gold reserve, or to pay the cur rent expenses of the Government." It demands the repeal of all laws "which clothe a Secretary of the Treasury with the more than imperial power to issue bonds and increase the public debt at his will and pleasure without specific author ity from Congress." It favors the payment of the public debt as rapidly as practicable; a tariff for rev enue only; the repeal of the unconstitu tional tax upon State bank issues, and advocates the adoption of the constitu tional amendment which will authorize the collection of a graduated income tax. The entire list of State officers was re nominatert excepting the State Treasurer, who declined the honor, so the Assistant Treasurer, W. J. Spear, was named lor the office. The others are: Governor. \V. H. Atkinson; Secretary of State, A. B. Cand ler; AttorneyrGeneral, J. Al. Terrell; Com missioner of Agriculture, R. T. Nesbitt; Comptroller-General, W. A. Wright. DOWN IN NORTH CAROLINA. The Democratic S:ate Convention Entirely Controlled by Free Sliver Men. RALEIGH, N. C, June 25.— The Demo cratic couvention here to-day was one of the most largely attended ever held in the State. The silver men were in abso MRS. WILLIAM McKINLEY. lute control. The afternoon was devoted to Fpeech-making and there were scores of declarations for free si Iyer, in which two prominent Federal office-holders, Revenue Collector Simmon? of Raloigh and Dis trict Attorney R. B. Glenn of Winston, heartily joined. Clement Manley was elected permanent chairman. The platform adopted appeals to the people to sustain the Jeffersonian anti centralization principles, favors inde pendently of other nations free and un limited coinage of silver and gold without discrimination against either at the pres ent legal ratio of lfi to 1, condemns pay ing Government debts in gold which were specifically made payable in coin and in structs the delegates *o Chicago to advo cate as a unit the restoring of silver. Tbe resolutions further declare in favor of a graduated income tax and oppose all monopolies and trusts. The resolutions are fervent in their indorsement of tbe State administration. A resolution was adopted by the con vention extending sympathy to the Cubans struggling for liberty. Cyrus B. Watson was nominated for Governor on the first ballot to-night. McKINLEY IN DEMAND. Ke Is Wanted In a Score of Places to Act as a Fourth of July Orator. CANTON, Ohio, June 25.— Major Mc- Kinley is in great demand as a Fourth of July orator. Invitations from a score of places have been received asking him to take part in celebrations. This evening a very strong delegation from Columbus, Ohio, headed by Mayor Allen, urged him to come to Columbus on the Fourth, not as a Presidential candidate, but as an old friend among his own people. It is proposed to have an old-fashioned muster and Fourth of July celebration, and it is expected that 100,000 people will co to Columbus to participate in it. Major McKinley is strongly inclined to accept. Among the callers at the McKinley residence to-day was Mrs. Robert Peer Fuller of Cheyenne. She told Major Mc- Kinley that she would vote for him and that he would receive the ballot of every woman voter in Wyoming. "The women of the country like your quality of manhood," said. Mrs. Fuller. "It appeals to us all. We believe in you, and you may be sure that the influence of the women of the United States will be exerted in your behalf." Other callers were Charles A. Moore, a widely known Brooklyn manufacturer; ex-Governor Sidney Edgerton, E. P. Wbiteman of New York City ana Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Crittendon of Brooklyn. Colonel Thomas Ochiltree cabled his congratulations from London this even ing. Colonel Tom Allen, the Democratic j Mayor of Columbus, pleased McKinley's j friends to-night by declaring he would vote the Republican ticket if the Demo crats made a free-silver platform. Mr. Allen is a manufacturer and a large em ployer of labor. MONTANA SILVER MEN. Rousing Reception Accorded Con gressman Charles S. Hartman by Butte City People. BUTTE, Mont., June 25.— Congressman Charles S. Hartman visited Butte to-day and was given tbe greatest reception ever accorded a public man in this State. Sev eral hundred men, including some of the most prominent citizens of Butte, pulled the Congressman's carriage from the depot to the hotel, a distance of over a mile. The city had the appearance of a holiday celebration. Bands paraded the streets and buildings were decorated in honor of the visitor. To-night Hartman addressed between 4000 and 5000 people and declared that the silver Republicans had deserted the National organization for good or until the party returned to the people. He pre dicted a sweeping victory for the Demo cratic party in case it nominates a free silver man on a straight 16 to 1 platform. He favored Henry M. Teller as the strong est man the Democrats could nominate. He said the tariff could not be made an issue in this campaign. WILL CARLISLE BOLT? He Denies a Positive Statement That He Said He Would Vote for McKlniey. KALAMAZOO, Mich., June 25.— Harry Smith, ex-journal clerk of the House of Representatives, in an interview in the Telegraph, says that Secretary Carlisle told him last winter in the presence of ex-Secretary Foster that if the Democrats put up a free silver ticket he (Carlisle) would vote for McKinley if nominated. WASHINGTON, D. C, June 25.— The Continued on Third Page, George Knight and Charles Heggerty, the Attorneys Who Subjected Mrs. Craven - Fair to a Long Examination on the Witness-Stand, R. V. Dey, Who Holds the $500,000 Compromise Contract, and Russell Wilson, Another of the Counsel. MRS, NETTIE R. CRAVEN IS J, G, FAIR'S WIDOW, Upon Her Oath the Lady Thus Declares Her Legal Status. ADDRESSED AS "MRS. FAIR" BY ALL IN COURT. Marriage Contract Drawn at 1823 Sutter Street, September 22, 1892— Graphic Account of the Writing of the Pencil Will. Before Judge Slack last evening, under oath, in the presence of a crowded court room Mrs. Nettie R. Craven made the statement that she is the lawful widow of James G. Fair — that her name is Nettie Craven-Fair. The incident was the most dramatic and sensational that has yet taken place in this most remarkable case. Mrs. Craven had come into court in answer to a subpena requiring her to produce whatsoever documents she had in her possession relating to the estate of the late Senator Fair. The courtroom was crowded, for sensation was down on the books to appear, so far as sensation may at any time be scheduled. There was with her all her intimates in the case — her adviser Roberts, her attorney Williams, her friend and the only other witness to the pencil will, Mrs. Elizabeth Haskins. Her daughter was with her also. The ladies sat in a group at the counsel table with Mrs. Craven's counsel, W. W. Foote and Mr. Brittain. The army of lawyers for the Fair children flocked at the end of the table in front of the witness-stand. Only two of the number figured actively in tbe proceedings, however. They were George A. Knight and Charles Heggerty, upon whose motion the subpena was issued. None of the papers were submitted — none were called for, in fact, until an appoint ment was declared. But for more than two hours Mrs. Craven was subjected to a most searching, and at times impertinent, questioning as to her relationship with Senator Fair. With the first question the big courtroom full oi people was on tiptoe of in terest. Mrs. Craven's story in brief, as was told, was that she is the widow of James G. Fair; that they signed a contract on September 22, 1892, binding them as man and wife. She was then living at 823 Sntter street, and it was there that she herself draw the contract, and that they two signed it. ' There were no witnesses. From that time Mrs. Craven said she lived with Mr. Fair as his wife, but they kept the secret to themselves. Mr. Fair, she said, did not wish it to be made known, as his children would not like it. He was winning up his ! business affairs so that he could leave the State for a year, and then he intended to maKe the marriage known. His death interfered. He had made several wills in her presence. The will of the 24th of September, 1884 was written in her rooms at 2007 California street. Mrs. Hawkins called in during the writing. Mr. Fair wrote the will twice, tirst in pencil and afterward in ink. At the time of Mr. Fair's death Mrs. Craven was at her own home. She received, the intelligence by telephone. She did not attend the funeral, but sent a bunch of roses to be laid upon the casket. After the funeral Mrs. Craven sent the will to New York for safe keeping and the interesting story of iier journey to bring it back at the instance of the attorneys for the Fair children — Mr. Lloyd in particular — was interrupted by adjournment. She promised to produce tne contract of marriage, the deeds and any other of the papers called for at the hearing to-night. - The lawyers and R. V. Dey, subpenaed on the other side to produce the $500,000 compromise contract, were in court and sworn, but they will not take the center of the stage for some days, if they are not to be heard until Mrs. Craven's side of the story is told. Mrs. Craven was addressed by Court and counsel last night as "Mrs. Fair." This appears to be in some degree at least in accordance with the custom that obtained in Judge Coffey's court during the Blythe trial when attorneys called Alice Edith Dickinson Mrs. Blythe. The night's proceedings were begun by W. W. Foote stating to the court that subpenas had been served upon the fol lowing witnesses, directing them to be present in court at this time: George A. Knight, Russell J. Wilson, C. Heggerty. R. B. Mitchell, Reuben H. Lioyd, W. S. Wood, Garret W. McEnerney, William F. Gibson, Richard V. Dey and others. Those of them who were present were sworn in form and then Mrs. Craven was called to the witness-stand. When Mrs. Craven took the stand and was sworn a deep silence ensued in the courtroom for the period of a dozen heart- i PRICE FIVE CENTS. beats. Then Mr. Knight leaned forward in bis chair and asked in that loud, inci sive tone of voice that belongs to him, "What is your name?" The witness had evidently been think ing of this question and was ready for it. She settled herself in the chair as she answered without hesitation: "Nettie R. Craven-Fair." "When were you married to Mr. Cra ven?" "In August, 1871." "When did you change your name from Craven to Fair?" Mr. Foote now made a protest. "I sab-