Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LXXX-KO. 29.
DEMOCRACY NEARING A CRISIS Threats of Party Leaders Have Increased the Bitterness. SILVER FORCES WILL NOT YIELD. Dawn of a Transitional Epcch for the Party Founded by Jtffcrson DISMAL OUTLOOK FOR PEACE AT CHICAGO. Western and Southern Men Will Die tale to New Ergland and New York. CHICAGO, 111., Jane With the . speeding of time toward the day when the great Democratic National Convention of 1896 will assemble in the Coliseum at Jack son Park, the sectional feeling within the ranks of the party is becoming more pro nounced. It has been encouraged to such an extent by the threats of leaders of all - factions that the flames of insurrection in the Democratic camp may break forth at any moment. The silver men, who are to day easy masters of the situation, refuse to take gold as a remedy for their ills, while the so-called sound-money economists are moving heaven and earth to force the issue to a satisfactory and happy end. The white metal adherents have raised the battle-cry that the Ease, which has so long controlled, the financial destiny of the country, is determined to continue its career of domination and coercion over the South and West, and addresses have been issued to delegates from the Mississippi Valley and the States beyond the Missouri to stand firm until the last shot has been fired. But is the hand of the East actually raised against the West and the South? That is the question which the wiseacres of the party are discussing in Chicago on this quiet Sabbath. The consensus of opinion is that there is no enmity between these sections. There is, however, a dif ference of sentiment on certain great is sues now betore the country, and this sec tional and individual thought will cer tainly find expression at the gathering of the Democratic boats in the Coliseum next week. In come breasts the feeling of re sentment toward the great power of the fEast is found to be strong, passionate, bitter; others are generous of mind, mild of manner and even of temper. Some even hint at secession. But they are the thoughtless and irresponsible persons who know not whereof they speak. It is only justice to the major portion of the Eastern people, who are exceptionally honest in their opinions and convictions, to say that they have a fair conception of the vastness and natural wealth of the great Western empire and the restless en ergy of its people. They realize the sturdy character of the men who were the pio neers of oar Western civilization. They prais the dauntless courage of the heroes who explored our mountains and valleys, tracked our streams, settled our frontiers and fought our Indian wars. They read j the stories of romance and adventure so minutely interwoven with the West but* a quarter and ball century ago, and then marvel at the great cities teeming with j thousands of hustling people that have sprung up on the Western borders and on the Pacific Coast in that short time. j Indeed, the phenomenal growth of the j West has profoundly impressed the peo- ! pie of the East and they have undimin lshed faith in its future greatness. But the financiers of the East argue that I their confidence in and friendliness for the ] West must not mislead them to the altar of the silver calf just because the West de mands it. They add, with goodness of j soul, that they will do so just as soon as the other great nations of the world ac cept bimetallism, and now that European monarchs are spending their vacations reading essays on the double standard some of the readers of The Call may live to witness the close of this merry war. Meanwhile the "honest-money" Demo crats propose to carry the battle into Africa if need be to win their point. With them there is no surrender. While the Governor Claude Matthews of Indiana, Who Aspires to Head the Democratic National i icket. The San Francisco Call. silver men already claim a Waterloo, the gold bues are actively hostile. It is cer tain that neither side will abandon the field until victory has been won. Ex-Secretary of the Navy Whitney of New York will arrive at the Auditorium on Thursday. He will lead the gold fac lion. Against him, as the commander of the silver forces, will be Governor Altgeld, who is billed to arrive at the Sherman to morrow. Mr. Harrity, Mayor Quincy of Boston, who conducted the literary bureau of President Cleveland's last campaign, and Benjamin B. Smalley of Vermont are both coming to Chicago with Mr. Whit ney. There is much speculation as to who the chairman of the National Committee will name for temporary chairman. The sil ver men say that any good Democrat who has not been actively opposed to their in terests will satisfy them. Chairman Walsh of the lowa State Cen tral Committee, whose particular mission in Chicago is to secure the nomination of ex-Governor Boies, said it would not make any difference whether Mr. Harrity favoied the sound money or silver Democrats; for, no matter who is temporary chairman, the majority of the convention will form the permanent organization after its own fashion. "Mr. Whitney may think he is going to run things in this convention," said Mr. Walsh, "but he will find out after he has been in Chicago twenty-four hours that he has undertaken the most stupendous task of his life. Everything he has done and said up to the present time has been cal culated to excite tbe antagonism of silver Democrats of the West and South, who feel that they are standing for a principle. And in taking Harrity into conference at his home he is making it apparent that he is intriguing to secure control of the Na tional Committee, so that he may name the temporary officers of the convention. Harrity can go into that plan if he wishes, but I will make the prophecy right here that the National Committee will not at tempt to check the will of a majority of the delegates to the convention. If it does, the convention may take it into its head to deprive the committee of some of the powers that are now vested in it. " "Has lowa any candidate for temporary chairman? "That is a matter we have not consid ered yet. lowa, I think, will not stand in the way of any good man being named to preside over the convention until it is permanently organized, so long as he is a j good Democrat. Our mission here is to I secure the nomination of Horace Boies I for President of the United States." With this feeling of resentment and an tagonism in the party it is apparent that the crisis of a great transitional epoch for the National Democracy is at hand and the largest experience and wisdom are in demand. Frank McGuikk. BLAND IN THE LEAD. One Hundred and Six Delegates Are Instructed for the Senator. CHICAGO. 111., June 28.— Sunday was a quiet day in politics in Chicago, and news was rather poor picking: — not even of the spare-rib order — but good. Most of the Democratic news is being churned in New York, whose Democracy seems to be in a rather feverish state, notwithstand ing all the efforts of Drs. Whitney and Hill to cure it with a dose of gold. The handful of delegates here went to church this morning, and after luncb were lured to the lake, which is now beau tifully blue, and found themselves on steamboats plowing through the water, with brass bands playing and pretty girls smiling, so the down-town hotels and the belated newspaper corre spondents were left alone in their glory. It will not be until toward the middle of the weefc that anything of mucti impor tance, in a political sense, will be doing here. We are on the battle-ground before the hostile armies bave arrived, and we hear once in a while ihe report of a rifle from the direction of the picket lines, the yell of an enraged soldier and the groan of a wounded one. New York is furnishing all the yells and groans just now, because there is a feeling in the air that tne con vention will be likely to ignore the wishes or the advice of the Knickerbocker State. The silver Democrats have a sufficient number of votes to carry things with a high hand in the convention, and it is be lieved that they propose to do business in their own way without awaiting the pleasure of New York, which State has hitherto dominated the Democratic party. If the silver men believe that it is neces sary or expedient to repeal the time honored two thirds vote, which has been in vogue about a half-century, they will SAIST FRANCISCO, MONDAY MORNING, JUNE 29, 1896. DOES WILLIAM CANUTE WHITNEY HOPE TO STAY THE INRUSH OF THE SILVER TIDE? do so. The rule is simply usage, and a majority at any time may change the usage. They are not eoing to allow a cold man to head tt>e ticket, no matter what contingency may arise, and it seems likely that Mr. Bland, who has been so promi nently the champion of silver, will have the advantage over ail the other candi dates for the Presidential nomination for that reason. The friends of Boies of lowa and Mat thews of Indiana are putting up a good fight and are hopeful, but the best infor mation that I can gather is that Bland is in the lead, with Boies a good second. There is also some Cleveland smoke in the air, and from the large quantity of it I should judge there was considerable third term fire behind it. It will be remembered that Cleveland has never yet announced himself as being opposed to the third-term proposition. He would, of course, be acceptable to Wall street and the goldbug crowd that fought against McKinley in the St. Louis conven tiop, but if bis name ev?r leaves the lip 1 ? of any of the speakers in the coming con vention there will be a demonstration the reverse of flattering to Cleveland and his friends. That divinity that doth hedge in a king does not hedge in a President dur ing hard times and under the baleful influ ence of a tariff for revenue only. From all indications, it will not hedge in this Democratic National Convention. Such is the temper of the few delegates here. Such are the forecasts ticked over the wires from all parts of the Union, Mr. Bland has 106 delegates instructed for him, and in this respect he is better off than any of the other gentlem en who are named as his competitors. It is under stood that he is opposed to such a revolu tionary proceeding as the abrogation of the two-thirds rule. It will hardly be nec essary, however, to resort to so violent a procedure. Notwithstanding the array of numbers against them, the gold men are going to make a shrewd and determined fight under mask. The scheme is to announce themselves as bimetallists, and to try to convince the convention into the adoption of a plank declaring for bimetallism by in ternational agreement. This will satisfy the gold men, and at the same time will be acceptable to the conservative element of the silverites— if such an element shall appear in this convention. William C. Whitney of New York will be put forward as the standard-bearer of the bimetallists, but he has a rocky road to travel, for the majority sentiment of the convention is free coinage on a basis of 16 to 1. Henry Teller of Colorado does not make even a ripple on the surface of the politi cal pool. He has no more chance of a nomination than a cat in Helvetia without claws on the smooth side of a glacier. There are enough rabid silver men in the Democratic party to choose from without going over to a shelved Republican or a raw Populist. Up to the present writing, the aspect of things political is thuswise: Bland in the lead, the silver men in complete control and the New YorK Democracy in a condi tion similar to that of the New York Re publicans in the St. Louis Convention — without hope and without influence. Myron D. King, private secretary to Governor Matthews ot Indiana, is early in the field in behalf of the Presidential aspirations of his friend and employer. 1 had a talk with him at the Palmer House to-day, and found him full of hope, and energized with a full head of boom steam. He said, in answer to questions, that sil ver was going to dominate the convention, but he did not expect that any of the gold men would bolt. His confidence in the true blue Democracy of all the delegates was such that he felt assured that they would abide by the will of the majority. He had heard that the idea of rescinding the two-thirds rule had been mentioned, but he was not aware that it was being seriously considered. Ttfe convention by a majority vote could make its own rules, and that matter would probably be the first to come befcre the convention after the report of the committee on creden tials. Mr. King was of the opinion that the contest cases would be but few in number. The most important were between a silver and a gold delegation in Nebraska, be tween two silver delegations in Nevada and a contest in Michiean between silver ana gold. His latest estimate of the strength of the two factions was 578 silver and 328 gold; but in case the unit rule should be broken the silver men will have 610 or 612 votes. It is likely that the unit rule will be broken, silver being in the majority. Mr. King did not think that Vice-Presi dent Stevenson bad any strength. The men most actively and in tbe fight were Matthews, Boies and BlanJ. This was the order in which Mr. King named them, and he doubtless believed that thie was the order of their strengtn, Matthews being his man. Such are the comforting delusions of partisanship; and it is well that such de lusions exist, because otherwise there would be no battles if one side were bereft of hope. "Matthews of Indiana will certainly have the logic of the situation," remarked Mr. King cheerfully. There is no dcubt that Mr. King was right. Whether victorious or defeated Governor Matthews will have the logic of the situation, whatever the well-sounding phrase may mean. Chairman Harrity of tbe National Com mittee will be here on Wednesday, and then practical politics, as understood by the Democracy, wilt begin to be done. Among the guests at tbe Auditorium are Mrs. Samuel M. Wilson an<l her grand sou, Samuel M. VV'ilsor', U>it, o: Sr.z. Francisco. They are on their way to the East. John Paul Cosgbavb. "COIN" PLANS A COMBINE. General Partition of Spoils to the Factions Opposed to McKinley. ASHLAND, Wis., June 28. — W. H. ("Coin") Harvey, in an interview here yesterday, said: "I am trying to combine the Democrats, silver Republicans and Populists, and have suggested the following plan to the leaders of tbe parties: For Presidenton the Democratic ticket "Silver Dollar" Bland of Missouri. If elected give him the ap pointment of one Cabinet officer only — Secretary of State. Let the Democrats in dorse the Populist nominee fur Viue-I're.-i -dent on the Populist ticket— Senator Ma rion Butler of North Carolina. Let. the Populists indorse the Democratic nominee for President. Let Mr. Butler, if elected, dictate the appointment of Secretary of the Inferior, Secretary of Agriculture, S< c retary of War and Secretary of the Navy. Concede to the silver Republicans three Cabinet positions— Senator Teller of Colo rado, Secretary of the Treasury; John Caidwell of the United States Circuit Court, Attorney-General, and Mayor Pin gree of Detroit, Posmaster-General. "The silver cause is desperate, and we can't beat McKinley unless we combine as I have indicated, i have suggested the plan to Altgeld. Bland and other leaders, but i? has not been made public yet. I tell the Democrats not to make their plat form too Democratic. They cannot win as Democrats, but as a combined Dem ocracy, Populist and silver Republican. I am in favor of Bland for President, be cause his name is a platform in itself, just as McKinley's name is a whole platform. "The intention of our forefathers in establishing our electoral system was that the electors should be elected as they are now, and that they should then meet, and, after discussion, vote for whom they wished. There is no law compelling an elector to vole for any man. It is simply custom. Now I want to tell you that if the Democrats, Populists and free-silver Republicans do not get together as I have indicated they will ultimately combine in the electoral college. "The plan I suggest of dividing Cabinet offices among these parties and of the dis tribution of Cabinet officers will take care of eight States. Pinjrree can carry Michi gan, Teller half a dozen Western States and Caldwell can carry lowa and the Southwest. There are 10,000 Republicans in lowa who want to vote for Caldwell. There are eight Cabinet positions, and their distribution in this way beforehand would carry eight doubtful States for silver." , HARTMAN'S SCHEME. Would Bind Montana Electoral Can didates to Vote for Teller and None Other. BUTTE, Mont.. June 28.— Congressman Charles S. Hartman to-day addressed a long public letter to Senator Lee Mantle, chairman of the Republican State Com mittee, outlining bis plan of campaign in the interest of free coinage, and giving no tice that he will introduce his plan in the form of resolutions to the State Conven tion. After relating his position and the positions, past and present, of the Repub lican party on the silver question, he says he deeply regrets the necessity which im pels him to decline to aid in perpetuating the gold standard, with its legitimate and consequent evils, upon the producers and wage-earners of this country. The substance of his plan for Republican ! silver men is to "vote for the electoral ticket which will, in my judgment, be nominated to procure the election o* Henry M. Teller. Mr. TeUer is a platform in himself. His record as a protectionist is read with pride by every advocate of the great principle, and as a leader of the bi metallic forces he is the natural and log ical candidate for President. "I shall present to the State Convention a resolution instructing the electors nom inated by it to vote for Mr. Teller for President and for no other man who is not in favor of the free and unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1, and also in structing the present representative in the | Fifty-fourth Congress that in the event the election should be thrown into the House of Representatives, that he shall vote for Henry M. Teller and no other man who is not unequivocally in favor of the free and unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 toL" Mr. Hartman's plan to keep the silver Rpublicans within the party lines is vig oroujly opposed by Hon. Thomas G. Mer rill, treasurer of the American Bimetallic Union. Mr. Merrill said in a interview to-day that it would be the surest way to throw the election into the House of Rep resentatives where 28>£ votes would be caat for a gold standard man and 16 fora bimetallism and making positive the elec tion of a gold man. PANIC VS. NO PANIC. How Delegate Wallace Views the Issues Before the Democratic National Convention. CHICAGO, 111., June 28.— Hugh C. Wal lace, delegate at large from the State of Washington and a member of the Demo cratic National Committee, who arrived to-day from New YorK, where he has been in conference with Mr. Whitney and other sound money leaders, says: "The talk of gold men coming to Chi cago to buy silver delegates is all bosh. There will be no attempt to coerce nor will there be any unfair means used. There will be a host of strong, earnest Democrats from the East and other locali ties of National prominence and leader ship, who will come to dissuade the silver leaders from party suicide. They will show conclusively that the adoption of a 16 to 1 platform by the convention will mean an nihilation of the Democracy of New York, Connecticut and New Jersey. There are those who believe these States liave been tne bulwarks of Democracy in the past and are ebsential in the future. "Shpuld the convention adopt a 16 to 1 platform and nominate a silver candidate it will not be thirty, days before the issue is clearly defined and reduced to panic vs. no panic, with the result tbat the com bined business interests of the country will be arrayed against that candidate whose election means panic. No party has ever succeeded with the business inter ests of the country arrayed against it. It la a long time between now and election and the waae-earners of the country will have abundant opportunity to reflect whether their wages shall be paid in fifty cent dollars." HOPEFUL FOR SILVER. Senator Jones of Arkansas Not Alarmed by the Stand Chair man Harrlty Has Taken. CHICAGO, 111., June 28. — Senator James K. Jones of Arkansas arrived in Chicago to-day to attend the meeting of the Bimetallic Democratic Convention called for Tuesday next. Mr. Jones said to-niL'ht that, the committee had a great deal of work before the opening of the convention. "The outlook is very encouraging for the free silver people," he said, "and we are quite hopeful. It is our desire to sound the opinions of delegates and take a view of the situation further before the conven tion is called to order. The gold element is well organized. We wish to be pre pared to look niter the appointment of committees and see that we get a fair show in that direction. "I have read that Chairman Harrity ex pects to exclude certain silver men from the convention. I doubt that Mr. Harrity has made such a statement, but if he has we wish to know it. Tbe majority of the National Committee are gold men, but I do not think they will try to carry the convention high handed." WHITNEY A BOODLER. Governor Altgreld's Opinion of the Cold Advocates From East ern States. SPRINGFIELD, 111., June 28.— 1n re ply to a question as to what he thought DEATH IN A COLLIERY SHAFT, of William C. Whitney's interview of yesterday on the political outlook, Gov ernor Altgeld said to-night: "Nothing. I have nothing to say about it. I have read it, but do not care to go into any argument over it. The American people are not ready to become the vas sals of the English money-lenders and their American agents. "The policy which the Government has pursued for more than twenty years at the instance of these Eastern speculators com pels the producers and consumers of this country, who bear all its burdens, to give those English money-lenders $2 worth of labor, $2 worth of property and $2 worth of their' life blood for each $1 that they ever get from those Englishmen. This is destroying our country, and the Demo cratic party intends to condemn this policy in most emphatic terms, and no matter how much boodle those Eastern speculators may be willing to spend they are going to have a very difficult time in try ing to prevent the party from expressing its honest convictions on this subject." PURCHASE OF ST. THOMAS. One Clause In the St. Louis Plat- form Causes a Sensation In Denmark. LONDON, England, June 28. — The Times will to-morrow publish a dispatch from Copenhagen saying that the sugges tion in tbe Republican platform adopted by the St. Louis convention, that the United States should purchase the Danish colonies in the West Indies, creates some sensation. It is believed that the Ameri cans covet St. Thomas for a naval station. The consensus of opinion in Danish cir cles is that the Government is prepared to sell at a suitable price. The Times, in an article which it will publish to-morrow, will indorse the cur rency views expressed by the Hon. W T illiam C. Whitney, but will say it re gards his threat to secede from the Demo cratic party as a last despairing effort to stem the tide of silver sentiment and to save the situation at the Chicago conven tion. Possibly, for strict electioneering purposes, the paper adds, the adoption of a silver programme at Chicago will be a good political move, but tbe Democrats are in a tight corner and are not likely to triumph in November. JEROME ROWAN A SUICIDE The Father of the Actress Who Challenged Corbett Ends His Life. Gives His Reasons in a Letter Which His Wil w R- loses to Make Pub'ir. BATAVIA, N. V.. June 28.— Jerome Rowan, an ex-banker and father of Miss Lansing Rowan, a California actress, who has challenged Corbett to meet her in a scientific sparring match, committed sui cide yesterday in a baru in the rear of his home in this village by shooting himself through the heart. He left a letter ad dressed to his wife, the contents of which she declined to ruakp public. Mr. Rowan was an eccentric man. Some are of the opinion that his daughter's challenge caused the act. Miss Rowan has made her home with an uncle in Los Angeles, Cat, since she was a child. Mr, Rowan was t>6 years of age. CHICAGO'S BOLD FOOTPADS. Four Men Raid a Saloon and Attack the Proprietor and One Is Wounded. CHICAGO, 111., June 28.— The thir teenth hold-up of the series now running resulted, about 10 o'clock to-night, in the wounding of Rudolph Stiechel, a saloon keeper at Kinsie and Leavitt streets, whom four men attempted to rob, and in the wounding of one of the bandits, who, however, escaped with the rest of the gang. Mr. Stiecliel was< cut about the head by a wine bottle that one of the robbers broke on his skull, and as the latter fled the saloon-keeper, kneeling behind his bar, hit the robber with a bullet. Frank Keer, a customer, narrowly escaped death, a bullet from the robbers revolver lodging in a watch he carried in an upper pocket of his vest directly over his heart. When the bandits fled Officers Gretza of the Warren-avenue station, Dudley of the West Chicago-avenue station and* Watch man Boss of the Panhandle Railway pur sued them down the Northwestern tracks, the fugitives finne behind them and the officers emptying their revolvers after them. Boss is certain that one of his bullets hit the smaller of the men, as he saw him stagger between two freight cars. Search of the yards by officers failed to reveal any trace of the wounded man or his companion. SIX PERSONS REORNED. Taeht Capsize* Tturing a Gale on Lake, ShotP'fno, Wis. OCONTO, Wis., June 28.— During a gale which prevailed on Showano Lake last night a yacht containing nine persons was capsized, and six were drowned. Their names are: Margaret Crowe, St. Nazianz. Wis. ; Mrs. Herman Drackery, Pnlciver, Wis.; Louis Gokey, Puiciver, Wis.; Mrs. Louis Gokey, Puiciver, Wis.; Miss Emma Garbrech', Showauo, Wis.; Mrs. 0. A. Risurn, Puiciver, Wis. The party was on its way to the north shore of the lake for a few days' outing. The bodies of none of the drowned have been recovered, as there is still a high wind on the lakes, which makes it almost impossible for boats to accomplish any thing. Searching parties are being organ ized, and the work of looking for the bodies will be prosecuted as Boon as the wind aoates. Financial A.id for Labor* Caute. BROCKTON, Mass.. June 28.— The Cen tral Labor Union to-night voted financial aid to the Trades Assembly of Kansas City, to be used by tie Coopers' Union in its fight against an injunction, said injunc tion c>eing the ca?e of the Armour Pack ing Company serving a notice on its fire men in the struggle for shorter hours and higher wages. Wife Murder and Suicide. NEW LONDON. Cokn., June 28.— James Romkey last night killed his wife and then took his own life. They had been living apart, and although Romkey had repeatedly asked his wife to return to him she refused to do so. PRICE FIVE CENTS. Scores of Men Entombed a Thousand Feet Below the Surface. CRUSHED OR IMPRISONED BY CAVING EARTH. Walls of a Mine Give Way as Workmen Are Propping Them With Pillars. CUT OFF IN ALL DIRECTION 3 FROM ESCAPE. Rescuing Parties Have No Heps of Reaching the Unfortunates Within Three Days. WILKESBARRE, Pa., June 28.— The little city of Pittston is in mourning to-night as a result of another of the ter rible mining disasters which have cost so many lives in Pennsylvania. A large number of her citizens, variously esti mated at from 80 to 125, are en tombed at the bottom of the Twin Shaft, owned by the Newton Coal Company, and at a late hour to-night the prospect of saving the lives of any of these unfortunate men is exceedingly slight. Among the victims is M. J. Lar. gan, Mayor pro tern of Pittston, who was superintendent of the mine. A number of minor officials of the company ara also in the pit. The list of the missing, as nearly as can be learned, follows: M. J. Langan, mine superintendent, Mayor pro tern of Pittston, married, leaves wife and ten children. M. F. Lynotte, mine foreman, married, seven children. Alexander McCormick, fire boss, mar ried, ten children. Thomas Ten penny, assis J **irt fira bow, married, three children. Thomas Card on, assistant fire boss, mer ried, leaves a wife. John O'Boyle, assistant children. Anthony Kane, driver bo- \ single, Thomas Murphy, driver w«r Conder McGuire, tracif-lv ■■-.:, ">&■ four children. John Gill, married, two c Michael Hughes, night I ried, one child. James Dailey, footman. Michael Conneli, fnotma John Hart, footman, s:n M 4>aughan, footman, & James Golden, married, James Wall, married, eif John Kehoe, married, sir. < nidrei, his son Frank. Edward Delaney, marric ».r children, Peter Martin, laborer, si Martin Gilbride, laborer Dominick O'Maliey, miu<^, single. James McDonald, married, two children. Thomas Barrett, miner, single. John and Thomas Gaffney, brothers, former single, latter married, seven chil dren. Peter Joyce, laborer, single. Peter Kelly, laborer, single. John Sulvester, married, three children. Patrick Costelio, miner, single. T. O'Brien, wife. Timothy Demg, laborer, single. Patrick Ruane, married, seven children. James Burke, laborer, single. Michael Burke, miner, single. Edward Kildea, married, two children, Thomas Duewig, laborer, single. Robert Haston, master mechanic, single. Daniel Ward, machinist, married, two children. Edward Hughes, married, two children. Anthony Tollaski, married, one cbild. Peter Saviski, married, five children. Andrew Slomaski, married, two chil dren. Simon Mascovitz, married, two children. John Candanish, single. Anthony Gordon, footman, single. Owen Lee, door boy. Daniel Gavin, miner, single. Michael Ford, miner, single. John O'Boyle, laborer, single. J. F. Hart, married, three children. John Hoistrich, married, three children. Joseph Zurindo, married, five children. The disaster, which was at first at tributed to an explosion of gas, is now be lieved to have been caused by a general cave-in on tbe lower levels. It was noticed several days ago that the rock be tween the fifth and sixth veins was "work ing" and since that time a large force- of men has been at work taking measures to insure the safety of the mine. About 3 o'clock this (Sunday) morning, without warning the roof of the level in which the men were working collapsed with a shock which aroused every one in the town, causing them at first to think an earth quake had occurred. The truth was soon learned, however, and within two hours thousands of excited people were gath ered about the head of the shaft, the rel ativ sof the unfortunate men below in dulging in the wildest manifestations of grief. The women and children who had lost husbands and fathers were frantic. But four men escaped from the mine, and not one of them could tell a connected story of how the disaster occurred, or what was the condition of the lower levels. The work of rescue was begun as soon as possi ble, but the first four trips made into the mine were without result. Later a con ference of mining officials decided on a more systematic plan, and a large force was put to work with all necessary appli ances to endeavor to reach the imprisoned men. It was found impossible to work through the mass of debris in the direction of the regular passaees, and at a late honr to-night it was decided to drive a gangway from an adjoining colliery. This will un doubtedly take several days, and it is feared tbat in the meantime such of the unfortunates as were not killed by the cave-in will perish of starvation. Nearly all tbe men in the mine were married-, and some of them have large families. As stated, the estimate of the