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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, June 30, 1896, Image 1

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VOLUJJfjIp LXXX,->O. 30.
Democrats Unable to Stem
tke Tide of Coming
Administration Men Display a
Partisanship That Goes
Struggles of Leaders Will Only Result
a a Rout and a Victory for
CHICAGO, 111;, Jane — The prog
ress of disintegration in the Demo
cratic party continues. Xi • Secretary
Whitney will be here on Thursday, to
prepare the way for the formation of a
solid square by the gold men. While
he has not abandoned hope, he virtu
ally concedes that the nomination of a
silver candidate on a silver platform
■will mean the disruption and rout of
the Democratic party and the election
of William McKinley.
Members of President Cleveland's ad
ministration are displaying a partisan
ship which does not seem to be of
fensive to Mr. Cleveland. National
Comptroller Eckels is here in the in
terest of sound money. It is believed
that Cleveland, through his friends, is
secretly knifing the aspirations of Vice-
President Stevenson.
Bland and Boies are the only candi
dates in the field worthy of mention.
Bland is the logical candidate of the
silver men, and his strength is increas
ing hourly.
Prominent Democratic sound-money
newspapers all over' the country are
saying that never has the Democratic
party been confronted with so grave a
crisis since the party went to pieces on
the slavery question in 1860.
' Hugh Wallace of Tacoina denies that
there is any plan on foot to buy the
conversion of silver delegates.
But There Are Already Twenty-One '
Candidates In the Scattered
CHICAGO, 111., June 29.— While Farmer
Bland is toiling on his ranch in Missouri
his boom for the Presidential nomination
by the Chicago convention is growing
apace. In fact the advertising balloon
was sent up from th* Auditorium tower
to-day, and lithographs of the silver sage
were scattered over the city. Headquar
ters have been permanently established,
and the booming of guns for "Silver Diclr"
will be heard with the arrival of Governor
Stone and party to-morrow morning. The I
Bland men are confident that they will
succeed in having their candidate nom
inated by tne convention. So certain are
they of success that the} 7 are serenely in
different to the aspirations of other candi
date?, excepting probably Boies, who is
regarded as the most formidable. Thus
far, however, Boies has not shown much
strength apart from his own State. The
delegation from lowa is naturally for him
first, last and all the time, out of course
there are others.
There are twenty-one candidates in the
field for the nomination up to date, and
how many more will appear at the Coli
seum next wt ek the good Lord only knows. |
The Chronicle, the only Democratic !
newspaper in Chicago, is very much !
alarmed ever the situation. It is an
honest money paper, and, therefore, can
not stomach the silver pill. Its comment j
Is ominous. Says the Chronicle:
"Not since 1860 has the National Demo
cratic party been confronted with so grave
a crisis in its affairs as at present. Thirty
six years ago the organization went to
pieces on the slavery question. It will
undoubtedly require very discreet and in
telligent management to prevent a serious
split on themoney issue in the convention
to be held in this city next week. The
convention promises to be one of the most
interesting political gatherings in the
history of this country. It is believed
that the crowds in atlendance will, in
point of numbers, surpass anything before
known. The forerunners of the various I
Presidential candidates are already on the j
ground, and it is said tbat before the end
of this week the hotels will be severely
taxed to provide accommodations for the
tnousands of delegates and visitors.
"So far little attention has been given to
the claims of candidates for the Presi
dential nomination. Interest has chiefly
centered in the fight over tbe financial
question, and it was not until that had
been settled, apparently in favor of the
free silver forces, that the talk about can
didates began to be heard. It is signifi
cant that of the 926 delegates who will
compose the convention only 256 have
been instructed as to Presidential prefer
ences by the States which appointed
them. There are therefore 670 delegates,
or more than two-thirds of the whole
number, who are uninstructed as to can
didates for President. It is said that the
records of political parties in the United
States may be searched in vain to find a
situation parallel to this."
Hugh C. Wallace of Tacoma, National
Committeeman from Washington, a young
man with a large opinion of himself, and
a son-in-law of Chief Justice Fuller of the
United States Supreme Court, blew into
town late last night. He came from New
York, where he has been doing missionary i
work for the gold men. Wallace is sn en- ;
iast. He has promised to deliver to |
tiey tbe entire Washington (telega- j
Nile it is common knowledge that !
•crats of that State are at daggers'
the financial question. The
.8 east of the Cascade Mountains
The San Francisco Call.
are pretty generally united for silver,
while the Puget Sound voters will gladly
submit to injections of gold. Consequently
tne critics of Wallace say he will be un
able to deliver to Whitney et al. the goods
he has contracted for. In justice to Wal
lace it may be said that he is an Eastern
man and migrated to Washington in boom
days, became a real-estate operator at
Tacoma and gathered in a few shekels on
tbe rise in values. His sympathies are
with the gold standard, however, and he
is man enough to declare himself. He
"The talk about Eastern capitalists com
ing out here to buy silver delegates for
sound money is all bosh. There will be
no attempt to coerce nor will there be any
unfair means used. There will be a host of
strong, earnest Democrats from the East
and other localities, many of them of
National prominence and leadership,
come to Chicago, who hope to dissuade
the silver leaders from party suicide.
They . will show conclusively that the
adoption of a 16 to 1 platform by the con
vention means practically annihilation of
the Democracy of New York, Connecticnt
and New Jersey. There are those who be
lieve these States have been the bulwarks
of Democracy in the past and are essential
in the future.
"Should the convention adopt a 16 to 1
platform and nominate a silver candidate,
it will not be thirty days before the issue
is clearly defined and reduced to 'Panic
vs. No Panic,' with the result that the
combined business interests of the coun
try will array themselves against that
candidate whose election means a panic.
No party has ever succeeded with the
business interest against it. It is a long
time between now and election, and the
wage-earners of the country will have
abundant opportunity to elect whether
their wages shall be paid in 50-cent dol
lars." Frank McGuirk.
Democracy Will Surely Be Foun
dered on Silver Rocks and
Republicans Will Win.
CHICAGO, 111., June 29.— There is no
added bustle in Chicago to-day by reason
of the fact that a Democratic convention
will be held in this city next week. Only
a few of the scouts of the sound-money
men sent hither to spy out the land have
put in an appearance as yet, and the
Palmer House presents only its wonted
appearance with, the gentlemen from the
South and East and West and North sit
ting around in the chairs and speculating
as to whether Jones would not have added
more largely to his income by putting an
other story on his nineteen-storygsky
The only symptom that something out
of the way is in progress is the presence of
a Jarge mimoerof desperate footpads and
burglars. During the last four liights in
numerable burglaries have been com
' mitted. Peaceable citizens have been
stood up at the revolver's point on the
public highway and robbed, and daring
the same period saloons have been entered
as early as 10 o'clock at night by from two
to four armed men and tne proprietors
have been forced to deliver up to them the
contents of the till. Last night, for in
stance, four men attacked a saloon-keeper,
who was seriously shot by the robbers.
An hour or so later a man trying to break
into a freightcar was shot dead by a night
} watchman. Even as I write three men
j drive up in a wagon to the American Ex
! press Company across the way. One of
them has a valise handcuffed to his right
wrist. The grip may contain a thousand
dollars in currency or it may contain a
million. The two men who walk on each
side of him are Pinkerton guards. Each
has a revolver in his right hand
pants pocket with his right hand clutch
ing the handle ready for action on the in
itant. These and other extraordinary
precautions to guard money and other
property have been made necessary by the
presence of a large body of criminals
gathered here from all parts of the coun
try for the purpose of plunder. They have
been attracted by the immense crowds
'that will be here next week, and it is cx
i pected that gold bricks will find a ready
j market among the silver farmers of the
j South and West.
Everything political here is in a state of
| suspense, and we are listening to the tick-
I ing over the wires of news from New York,
the headquarters of the sound money
forces. No move will be made until Thnrs-
day, when Whitney and a contingent
from New York will be on the ground.
The Democratic National administration
favors sound money and has already sent
its couriers here to spy out the land. It is
understood that President Cleveland is
more than ordinarily interested in the
financial plank, and that the administra
tion officers who are here and who have
been here came with his assent. A day or
two ago First Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral Frank Jones and Charles Tracy came
here from New York ana left again a few
hours iater. They were to lay a wire or
two on behalf of sound money and kept
their movements secret.
Another representative of the adminis
tration is J. H. Eckels, National Comp
troller at Washington. He will remain
here until the close of the session of the
convention and has not the slightest fear
of "offensive partisanship" or its punish
ment by the mugwumpery. Comptroller
Eckels is a small, light-built man, with
sandy hair and brows and pale blue eyes.
He dresses her* in a sack suit of gray,
topped with a stiff-brimmed straw hat, I
asked him to-day as to the status of the
sound money fight, and he replied that
the "gold element," as he termed it, would
make the best fight possible. The over
whelming numbers of the silverites did
not worry Mr. Eckels a bit. He was con
fident, he said, that the sound money ad
vocates would be able to show such a
condition of things that they would
secure a hearine, and that if they got that
there was a chance that they might make
many converts.
Eastern Democrats, he added, deplored
the fact that there should be discord in
the party, especially this year, when the
prospects were brilliant for the carrying
of New York State by the Democracy, and
they feel very forely that there is danger
that these hopes may be dissipated. New
York cannot be carried on a silver plat
form. Of that he is positive. The work
ing people of that State very generally
were arrayed against the position taken
by the silver men. He emphasized this
statement by adding his opinion that the
silver proposition would receive less sup
port from the working people than from
any other class. That was the case also in
the tariff fight. The greatest gains made
by the Democracy on the tariff reform
proposition were made by the laboring
classes and not among the farmers of the
The working people in the cities and
towns, Mr. Eckels observed, read the
daily papers, and thus kept themselves in
formed as to current events. Not so with
the farming population, who receive their
political education from the country
weeklies. The metropolitan press, which
is the educator of the laboring people, is
largely against the free coinage of silver.
With regard to the probable action of the
sound-money Democrats in case of the
adoption of the 16 to 1 free coinage plat
form, Mr. Eckels said tnat tie did not
think any of the gold men would bolt the
convention. He did not believe that the
proposition had been discussed. What
ever had been said on that subject had
been said by the silver men and not by
the gold men.
"The East will not be carried for a sil
ver platform," he continued. "The
people of the manufacturing centers be
lieve in a stable monetary standard. They
want a good dollar. The East, more than
the West, is in a position to see the effect
upon the business interests of this coun
try, which are related to foreign business
interests, of changes in tbe stability of
the currency. There is no such thing as
having an independent commercial and
financial system for any country unless
you can inclose it within a Chinese wall."
In reply to a question as to whether the
tariff would not be an important factor in
the campaign Comptroller Eckels said that
the tariff question would not cut much of
a figure in the contest. The currency
plank would be the all-absorbing one.
When I asked about the reported candi
dacy of Vice-President Stevenson for the
Presidency Mr. Eckels said that he had
not heard Mr. Stevenson's name connected
with any nomination in the gift of the
By the way, it is whispered that these
gentlemen of the administration who are
just now absent from their posts by per
mission of tne President have a wary eye
upon Mr. Stevenson's chances, and that
they will not strain any tendons in work
ing for Mr. Stevenson's success. In fact,
the only things strained in the matter are
said to be the relations between President
Cleveland and Vice-President Stevenson.
Mr. Boies and other representatives of
the silver wing of the Democratic party do
not agree with Mr. Eckels. Mr. Boies says
flatly that, with the exception of the Wall
street influence, the great mass of the
Democratic party in the Eastern States
will be unanimous in favor of the restora
tion of silver to its original position as pri
mary money. Mr. Boies expressed this
"Personally I believe Webster and many
others of the most eminent of American
statesmen in the past were right in their
conclusion that the constitution of the
United States, fairly construed, requires
of Congress that it shall by law pro
vide for the coinage of both goid and
silver as standard money — that it can
Continued on Second Page.
From the outset of his public career Congressman Bland of Missouri has been the champion of cheap and plentiful money in
•very form, and for many years has been the recognized leader in the House of Representatives of the free-silver wing. Mr. Bland
is essentially a s*lf-made man. He was born near Hartford, Ohio County, Ky., August 19, 1835. Orphaned at an early age, he
worked during the summer months in order to obtain means with which to attend school in the winter, and thus acquired an aca
demic education. He then studied law and was admitted to che bar. In 1855 he removed to Missouri and then to California,
Subsequently he settled in Virginia City, Nev., where he became interested in mining operations. Returning to Missouri in 1865,
he eventually drifted to Lebanon, in that State, and while practicing Jaw there was elected to Congress as a Democrat in 18 73.
He has since been regularly re-elected. He introduced in the Forty-fourth Congress the well-known "Bland bill," which provided
that the Secretary of the Treasury should purchase sufficient bullion to coin the minimum amount of $"2,000,000 a month in silver
dollars of 412}£ grains each, and that these doilars should be legal tender. He also introduced in the Fifty-third Congress the
"Seigniorage bill,' 1 which was passed by Congresa but was vetoed by the President. Whatever else may be said of Mr. Bland's
legislative career, it is certain that he reflects faithfully the wishes and the opinions of his constituents. Personally he has his
cause much at heart, conceiving himself to be the champion of the debtor class and a crusader against what he calls a wicked con
spiracy of the bankers and the "goidbugs."
Redhot Silver Shot for the
Ex-Secretary to
No Pledged Delegate Will Dare
to Disregard the Party
"Let Disruption ConW Says the lowa
Statesman, "if Urju-t Law Must
Be Undone."
WATERLOO, lowa, June 29.—jtfx-Gov
ernor Boies returned this afternoon from
his Grundy County farm, where he went
immediately on his return from Illinois.
When asked if he intended going to Chi
cago soon he replied that he had not de
termined whether he would attend the
convention or not.
"At any rate," he said, "I do not know
of any reason which should call me to Chi
cago tnis week."
He further stated that he had made no
arrangements for going to Chicago at any
time during the convention. As to what
were his plans for the campaign he did
not care to say anything.
This evening Mr. Boies met Judge Van
Wagenen, who was on 1 is way to Chicago,
and accompanied him to Manchester.
Judge Van Wagenen is Mr. Boies' alter
nate as delegate at lar -c, and is also in
charge of the Boies bureau in Chicago.
Neither party would talk when questioned
in regard to the situation, but Mr. Boies
said that the object of their meeting was
to talk matters over as to what was best to
be done at Chicago.
During Governor Boies' absence in
Grundy County the interview with Wil
liam C. Whitney was published, and on
his return his attention was called to a
telegram from the New York Herald ask
ing his opinion in regard to the assertions
made in it. He wired his reply to-night
as follows:
Mr. Whitnej is entirely right in his
conclusion tb;-t there is no disposition on
the part of those who will represent the
silver sentiment of the -iouth and West in
the Chicago convention to further discuss
the matter at issue dfitfa men whose views
are diametrically onro."> 4 ' to their own on
the currency question, lie is entirely cor
rect in his conclusion that it is now too
late to accomplish any practical results by
a riiscusßion of tbat character. Through
out the South and West that discussion
has been extended, and the views ex
pressed by Mr. Whitney have been put
forward by many men who entertained
them and they have been fully consid
ered and weighed, and after all of this
the judgment of an overwhelming majority
of the party in these sections is in evidence
by the class of delegates who have been
chosen to represent it in the Chicago con
vention. Not one of these men can now
disregard the known sentiment of those
who selected him without betraying the
trust confided to him, and not one of
them, in my judgment, will eyer do so.
Mr. Whitney is entirely wrong in as
suming that free-silver Democrats are for
saking the fundamental principles of
Democracy, or that what he terms sound
money Democrats are defending these
principles in their endeavor to commit
their party to gold monometallism. Until
the Republican party met in St. Louis a
few days since there was never a line writ
ten in a National platform of either of the
great parties tbat justifies the claim that
the one or the other of these parties was
committed to that doctrine.
Over and over again the Democratic
party, in National Convention assembled,
has put itself on record in the clearest and
most comprehensive language possible to
use in favor of bimetallism, in favor of the
restoration of silver to its place in our
financial system as standard money, and
never for a moment in the Congress of
the United States has a majority or any
thing like a majority of the representa
tives of that party wavered in its devotion
to the principle so ciearly enunciated in
the party platforms. To assume now that
adherence to that principle is abandon
ment of an established doctrine of that
party is to defy history and ignore the
most plainly written of all its declarations
of policy. It is useless to claim that a
tender of the good offices of the party to
secure an international agreement for the
free coinage of silver is the fulfillment of
its pledges so often made in this respect.
To the sincere believer in bimetallism
for the United States an effort of this
character ip little if anything less than an
unqualified violation of a sacred pledge by
a great political organization. If this is
all that Mr. Whitney and those who think
with him can offer it will be vastly better
that they offer nothing. When Mr. Whit
ney says tlai the maintenance of our
present gold standard is essential to the
preservation of our National credit and re
demption of our public pledges he ignores
a great truth of which he cannot be ig
norant. He knows there is not a single
obligation of this Nation outstanding to
day that by its terms is payable in gold
alone, and he knows that rieht upon the
face of the great bulk of the bonds of the
Government it is written in substance that
they are payable in coin of the United
States of the standard weight and fineness
ofits coins before silver was demonetized,
and that therefore by their own express
terms they are payable in our present sil
ver dollars, if the Government elects to so
pay them. It ia since the most of
these obligations were issued that silver
has been demonetized; whereby, if they
are to be paid in gold alone, their
value has been doubled and the burden of
the great industrial class, who must pro
vide for their payment, has been in
creased twofold. To talk about a viola
tion of National honor when no party in
the Nation has ever suggested its failure
in the least degree to meet every obliga
tion it has assumed acoording to the
strict letter of the contract it made has,
to say the least, a strange sound to those
who heed the universal cry of distress oc
casioned as they believe by doubling the
purchasing power of money and cutting
in twain the market price of the products
of labor. If to undo what law has done to
add to the burdens of the toiling millions
of this Nation and double the fortunes of
the rich within it is to disrupt the Demo
cratic party, disruption must come. The
majority of the party threatens no wrong
to any one, and if those who compose that
majority can avoid it all may be assured
they will submit to no wrong, such as the
permanent establishment of a single gold
standard would impose upon the great
mass of the people of this Nation.
Horace Boies.
Says Whitney's Threatened Bolt
Will Not Swerve the Purpose
of True Leaders.
PHILADELPHIA. Pa., June 29.—
Wharton Barker, who has announced a
candidate for the nomination of the Presi
dency, gives to the press the following
"If I read the signs of the times aright,
Mr. Whitney's threatened bolt will not
swerve the purpose of the true leaders of
the Democratic party ; of those men who
are patriots, not partisans, who have the
welfare of the producing classes at heart,
and who revolt at the prospect of con
tinned subserviency to the money cliques.
"The fall in prices that is sapping the
wealth of our producing classes, that is
bankrupting our manufacturers, ruining
our farmers and reducing our wage-earn
ine classes to poverty must be checked and
it can only be checked by removing the
cause. That cause is the appreciation of
gold consequent on discarding silver and
throwing on gold alone the burden of ef
fecting the exchanges of the western
world and to check this appreciation we
must restore silver to its place as money,
side by side with gold.
"If the Democrats are wise, if they will
adopt a platform and nominate a candi
date who will be a platform in himself,
who stands for the restoration of silver to
its place for money, for financial and in
dustrial as well as political independence
as opposed to subserviency to foreign
money cliques and their American allies,
such candidate will receive the enthusias
tic support of bimetallists of both parties,
and will be chosen by the people as tbeir
leader by ai: overwhelming majority, for the
bolt in the Democratic party will be in
finitely small compared to the great num
ber of Populists and birretallists — hereto
fore Republicans — who will loyally and
enthusiastically support such a candidate.
If the leaders of the Democratic party at
Chicago will act so as to unite the bimetal
lists of all parties — Democrats, Populists
and Republicans — Major McKinley and
the money clique v.iil, 1 repeat, be over
whelmingly defeated."
Six Hundred and Seven Delegates
to the Convention Pledged
for White Metal.
CHICAGO, 111., June 29.— Senator
Jones, in giving out an estimate of the
strength of the silver delegates of the con
vention this evening, said he had made a
list of 607 who are pledged to vote for the
white metal.
He claimed, in addition to these, about
thirty or forty others, who are in favor of
silver, but who, owing to instructions from
State conventions, are unable to work
direct with the silver men.
The National Democratic Committee
will meet Monday to select the temporary
officers of the convention.
Among the names suggested for the
temporary chairmanship are those of
Senator Hill of New York, Senator Vilas of
Wisconsin, Senator Gray of Delaware and
Hugh C. Wallace of Washington. Sena
tor .Tories said he thought the silver men
would accept the recommendation that
Hill be made temporary chairman of the
"I believe Senator Hill is a fair man,"
Mr. Jones said, "and I would have, abso
lute confidence in hi? ability, justice.and
impartiality as a presiding officer. If he
is selected I think there will be no attempt
by the convention to take this appoint
ment out of tbe hands of the National
Tbe name of ex-Governor Pennoyer of
Oregon is to be presented to the National
Democratic Convention as the choice of
the Western State for the Presidential
nomination. John Mullinix and John
R. Welch, both of Portland, arrived
in the city to-day to take part in
the meeting of the Bimetallic League and
during the afternoon they devoted their
time to sounding the praises of their can
didate. Dr. Mullinix said in case they
are unsuccessful in securing the nomina
tion of Mr. Pennoyer they will cheerfully
support any free-silver candidate the con
vention may name.
Chamberlain and Curxon Make State
ment* in the. Commons.
LONDON, Ekg., June 29.— 1n the House
of Commons this afternoon the Ri^ht
Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, Secretary of
State for the Colonies, stated that a bat
taiion of rifles had been ordered to Cape
town to replace the troops which had been
ordered to proceed to Mashonaland.
Right Hon. George N. Curzon, Parlia
mentary Secretary to the Foreign Office, said
that no recent communication had been
received from Venezuela relative to the
disputed boundary. Communications, be
said, were being exchanged between the
United States and France in regard to the
abrogation of the treaty with Madagascar.
The Government had not been advised
that the United States had given up its
position in the matter. The position of
the United States and that of England, he
said, were identical, although there was
no concerted action of the two Govern
Pacific Coa*t Pensions.
WASHINGTON, D. C, June 29.—Pa
cific Coast pensions have been issued as
California: Original— George E. Love
joy, Petaluma; Frederick Marquardt, San
Francisco. Original widow — Marguerite
Welch, San Francisco. Mexican War
survivor — Reissue and increase, Andrew
Simmons, San Francisco.
Washington : Original (special June
20)— William M. Wright, Tacoma.
Visit of the Notification
Committee to the
Thurston Tells Why the Ohio
Statesman Is Chosen as
Protection to American Industries and
Preservation of the Nation's
Credit Promised.
CANTON, Ohio, June 29.— The commit
tee, consisting of one member from each
State and Territory, selected at the St.
Louis Convention to convey to Major Mc-
Kinley official notification of his nomina
tion, arrived in Canton on a special train
from Cleveland at 11:30 o'clock this morn
ing. It was met at the station by the re
ception committee, and driven in open
carriages to Major McKinley's residence,
accompanied by mounted escorts.
The preparations at Major McKinley's
were simple. Seventy - five chairs had
been placed on the front lawn under the
trees facing the bouse. Major McKinley
received the members of the committee
on the veranda. The streets about the
house were filled with men, women and
children. The crowd surged in at the
gates and pressed close upon the chairs.
Senator Thurstou arose and, addressing
McKinley, announced to niru that he was
the choice of the National Repulican Con
vention for President. He predicted the
overwhelming victory of the Republican
party. Senator Thurston said:
Governor McKinley : We are here to perform
the pleasant duty assigned us by the Republi
can National Convention recently assembled
in St. Louis, that of formally notifying you of
your nomination as the candidate of the Re
publican party for the Presidency.
We respectfully request your acceptance of
this nomination and your approval of the
declaration of principles adopted by the con*
We assure you that you are the unanimous
choice of a united party, and your candidacy
will t>e immediately accepted by the country
as an absolute guaranty of Republican suc
cess. Your nomination has been made in
obedience to a popular demand, attesting the
affection and confidence of the olain people of
the United States. By common consent you
are their champion. Their mighty uprising
in your behalt emphasizes the sincerity of
their conversion to the cardinal princi
ples of protection and reciprocity, as
best exemplified in that splendid act
which justly bears your name. Under it
this Nation advanced to the very culmination
of prosperity; a prosperity shared in by all
sections, all interests and all classes; by capi
tal and labor, by producer and consumer; a
prosperity so happily in harmony with the
genius of popular government tnat its choicest
blessings were most widely distributed among
the lowliest toilers and the humblest homes. In
1892 your countrymen, unmindful of your
solemn warnings, returned that party to
power which reiterated its everlasting opposi
tion to a protective tariff and demanded the
repeal of the McKinley act.
They sowed the wind; they reaped the whirl
The sufferings and losses and disasters to the
American people from years of Demociatic
tariff are vastly greater than those which came
to them from four years of civil war. Out ot it
all one great good remains: Those who scorned
your counsels witnessed the fulfilment of your
prophecies, and even ns the scourged and re
pentant Israelites abjured their stupid idols
and resumed unquestioning allegiance to
Moses and to Moses 1 God, so now your country
men, shamed of their errors, turn to you and
to those glorious principles for which you
stand, in the full belief that your candidacy
and the Republican platform mean that the
end of the wilderness has come and the prom
ised land of American prosperity is again to
them an insured inneritance.
But your nomination mtans more than the
indorsement of a protective tariff, of reci
procity, of sound money and of honest finance,
for all of which you have so steadfastly stood.
It means an indorsement of your heroic
youth, your fruitful years of arduous public
service, your sterling patriotism, your stalwart
Americanism, your Christian character and
the purity, fidelity and simplicity of your pri
vate life. In all these things you are the typi
cal American, for all these things you are the
chosen leader of the people.
God give you strength to so bear the honors
and meet the duties of that great office for
which you are now nominated and to which
you will be elected, that your election will en
hance the dignity and power and glory of thi«
republic and for the safety, welfare and happi
ness of its liberty-loving people.
McKinley responded as follows:
Senator Thurston and gentlemen of the notl.
' fleation committee of the Republican Na
tional Convention: To be selected as its
Presidential candidate by a great party con
vention representing so vast a number of the
people oi Die United States is a most distin
guished honor tor which i would not conceal
my high appreciation, although deeply sensi
ble of the great responsibilities of the trust
and my inability to bear them without the
generous and constant support of my fellow
countrymen. Great as is the honor con
ferred, equally arduous and important Is the
duty imposed, and in accepting the one I as
sume the other, relying upon tne patriotic de
votion of the people to the best interests of
our beloved country aud the sustaining care
and aid of Him without whose support all we
do is empty and vain.
Should the people ratify the choice of the
great convention for which you speak, my
only aim will be to promote the public good,
which in America is always the good of the
greatest number, the honor of our country
and the welfare of the people.
The questions to be settled in the National
contest this year are as serious and Important
as any of the great governmental problems
that have confronted us in the past quarter of
a century. They command our sober judg
ment and a settlement free from partisan
prejudice and passion, beneficial to ourselves
and befitting the honor and grandeur of the
Republic. They touch every interest of our
common country. Our industrial supremacy,
our productive capacity, our business and com
mercial proFperity, our labor and its rewards,
cur National credit and our currency, our
proud financial honor and our splendid free
citizenship— the birthright of every American
—are all involved in the pending campaign,
and thus every home in the land is directly

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