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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, July 04, 1896, Image 5

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PROTECTION SENTIMENT
IS GAINING THE DAY
California a Dumping Ground for
the English Manu
facturers*
CONVINCING ARGUMENTS BY FAIR
THINKERS.
Our Wholesale Houses Little Better Than Peddlin
Auction Establishments Without a Sound
Protective Policy.
The political ball— protection for Cali- |
fornia industries as against the money is
sue — which The Call started a-rolling,
is gaining new impetus daily. Each I
day brings fresh and convincing evi
dence of the strong sentiment in
favor of a protective tariff as the issue
in this State rather than silver and
gold. Democrats who voted for the
low-tariff administration are outspoken in
their views and are as ready in the multi
plying of illustrations bearing on the
comparative effects of the McKinley and
Wilson bills as are the members of the
protection party.
"If we can make the laboring classes
understand that the manufacturing in
dustries must be protected to insure them
steady employment at good wages," say
the representative manufacturers, "we
can re-establish the protective policy. That
is where the hard work has got to be
done."
"Educate the idea that free silver means
pockets lined with money out of tbe heads
of the working classes," say the whole
salers and importers, "and they will give
us protection and live better themselves —
the more profitable is business generally
the easier lot will De that of the laborer."
And so it goes. Example after example
is furnished by tbe several branches of
trade and industrial departments showing
California's extreme need for protection.
The most indifferent political reasoner is
compelled to admit that the industries of
the State have suffered under the tariff
policy of the Democratic administration.
As one political thinker expressed it Cali
fornia is made to suffer that the East may
prosper, in many instances oy the
Eutopean manufacturers using the State
for a dumping-ground when the Eastern
markets have an extra surplus. Tariff is
the only remedy.
A. I). Spearman.
"If the present condition of business on
the Pacific Coast is not enough to convince
the voter of average intelligence that tariff
is the prime issue in California," said Mr.
Spearman when hia attention was called
to the rosition taken by The Call, "then
there is little hope for relief from the bal
lot-box."
Mr. Spearman is at the head of one of
the leading woolen-mill agencies on the
Pacific Coast.
"California is in greater need of protec
tion, perhaps, than any other part of the
United States. Our manufacturing in
dustries are at tbe mercy of the Eastern as
well as the European manufacturer. This
may seem strange until one takes into con
sideration that California is a dumping
ground. It may not be generally under
stood, but it is the indisputable fact just
the same, that the manufacturers of Europe
protect the import rs of the East and the
principal wholesalers in the big trade
centers the other side of the Rocky Moun
tains at the expense of the West.
"When there is a threatening surplus on
hand it is dumped in here. Our so-called
wholesale houses, under these circum
stances, become nothing but peddling
auction-houses. The money question is of
great importance to us in one way — we
want distributing centers. But not as a
political is^ue is it of importance to this
coast. We want manufacturing plants
that will put several thousand dollars in
circulation monthly. That cannot be
done, though, unless we can establish and
operate such plants under favorable tariff
auspices. Protection for California is
vital. How any man of sound judgment
and good reasoning rowers can fail to see
it is beyond my comprehension. I be
lieve protection will be really the issue in
the East.
"Mr. Knight of the Marysvije Woolen
mills, who was a delegate to tbe St. Louis
convention, dropped in to see me the other
dny, and during the course of our friendly
confab on politics he gave it as his belief
that protection would be the real issue in
the East and not silver. 'There has been
a great hue and cry raised about silver,"
he said, 'but we will find that the mam
issue is the tariff after all,' and I am pre
pared to Deiieve that he is about right. At
all events our people cannot close their
eyes to the grave need of the local indus
tries for protection."
Joieph Wagner.
The Joseph Wagner Manufacturing
Company of 101-3 Mission Btreet is one of
tbe largest machinery manufactories in
San Francisco. In fact it is practically
the only firm that manufactures flour
mills.
"I am a firm believer in protection,"
said Mr. Wagner, "and believe that is the
only principle on which the Republican
party should stand firm. There is no
doubt that the salvation of our industries
depends largely upon the relief we get
from tbe protective tariff.
"Protection is the California gospel, and
it should be vigorously advocated by its
apostles. The sooner we obtain relief the
better. If anything I can do or say will
tend toward the Republican party's
triumph in the coming earn paign you may
rest assured that The Call has my hearty
and sincere co-operation.
■'The general depression resultant from
tbe inaction of the Wilson bill has been
felt in our business as well as the rest.
Prior to that time we manufactured flour
mills exclusively, but have since found it
expedient to branch out and include many
other kinds of machinery.
"Though I am not what would be called
entirely conversant with the provisions of
the McKinley bill, my knowledge is suffi
cient to warrant me in saying that I do
not believe many articles were placed
under as high a duty as they should have
been. In a high tariff lies our only hope.
With it will come a revival of business
and consequent prosperity."
Italian-Swiss Colony.
Among the largest vineyards and wine
cellers in the State is that of the Italian-
Swiss Colony, near CJoverdale, Sonoma
County. The company ships wine to the
large cities of the United Slates and Eu
rope, and has agencies in some of the
principal distributing centers of Europe.
While there are several members of the
company who do not|ezubrace llepublican
ism as their politics, the following ex
pression in favor of protection was given
out by the company yesterday: "The
wine industry is certainly one of those
which need protection in California. The
tariff is the leading issue by all means, not
only on this coast but in the United
States. The finance question need trouble
our voters but little. If we can compete
profitably with the manufacturers and
producers of Europe, and even the Eastern
States, the money wilt come to us all
right. Yes, we do sell wine in European
countries under the present tariff, and we
also come in direct competition with the
imported wines in the Eastern States.
But that is due to merit.
"If we did not make a good quality of
wines we could not nope to do much
against oar foreign competitors. Under
the low tariff the winemakers of Europe
get in a lot of wines of various qualities
and we have got to meet their prices or go
out of the business. It is that condition
of affairs which keeps the smaller growers
and manufacturers down. They are not
in a position to hold their wines and the
commission merchants, being compelled
to meet the wines from across the water
in the Eastern markets, cannot afford to
pay the grower a profitable price for his
cellar. It might make some difference if
the growers could hold their wines and
force a market, but not much. The great
need is a tariff. It is by lone odds the
great issue in this State and The Call's
educational campaign should be encour
aged and heartily supported irrespective
of party. The successful party must make
that the issue."
E. Gamier & Co.
This firm deals extensively in native
wines, and also dots some importing.
"The wine industry is a part of California
life," said Mr. Gamier, "and its develop
ment and prosperity depend on our
ability to place our wines on sale in the
Eastern markets in competition with the
imported goods from France, Germany
and Italy. The growers are the ones
chiefly interested in a protective tariff.
The middlemen who handle the product
of the vineyards and wine-presses are not
so vitally affected. Of course there would
be more money in their business if the
industry was prosperous along all lines,
but the grower and wine-maker have no
way in which to save themselves.
""If the merchants can't handle the wine
at a profit they cannot afford to pay the
grower and maker what the product is
| worth. We are all at the mercy of the
foreign competitor, so long as the tariff
laws are such that he can lay his goods in
the Eastern market at a price less than we
can afford to grow the grapes for. There
i are not a few vineyards in the State that
have been dug up within the last two
years. Our land and labor are too valu
able for a man to do anything but lose
money in raising grapes at $6 or $7 a. ton.
If the farmers do not appreciate the bear
ing which the logic of such cold facts has
on the tariff question and its importance
as an issue to California, nothing else can
possibly convince them. Protection means
the very life of our industries and the
prosperity of our people."
Leege & Mills.
This is the leading chickory manufac
tory on the coast and tbe firm is exten
sively engaged in' the importation of teas,
coffees, etc. Thomas Haskins, the junior
member of the firm, said yesterday: "It
is most obvious that California's vital in
terests are centered in her industries.
That means protection. The tariff is the
issue in this State ahead of all others, end
the voters will see it before the campaign
is half over. As a forcible illustration,
take the article of chickory. With a pro
tective tariff it might become one of the
leading products of the country. Hun
dreds of thousands of dollars would be in
vested in the growing and preparation of
the weed and the money that is sent out
of the country, annually would be kept at
home. There was some. chickory grown
in New. Jersey, but the importation of the
dried weed ready for grinding, at a low
price, made it impossible for the growers
to continue the production.
"The climate and soil of California are
adapted to ' the luxurious growth of the
weed, and if there was tariff protection it
would be one of the most profitable de
partments of agriculture in the State.
While I am willing to concede that the
tariff is the prime, issue in California, and
has a vital connection. with our industrial
prosperity, I still believe we are interested
in the finance question. To make my
meaning clear, I need but refer to the sil
ver mines; on our east. When they were
in full operation the cities and towns were
well populated. Buildings were in con
stant course of construction, and the
lively business of the times gave us a mar
ket for all our natural products and manu
factures. Those markets are closed to us
now because the mines are closed. This is
a strong reason why we should be inter
ested in silver on account of the States en
gaged in its production, though the tariff
and protection of , our local industries
come 1 lirst and are naturally the prime
issue." ' ■'. '-' '■..' "
A Valuable Opinion.
Here Is an indorsement of The Call's
position . that slfould carry much weight
on account of the manner in which it was
expressed. ...
The local manager of one of the largest
manufacturing establishments in tne
United States, with agencies all over the
world, who is . well and popularly known
in. business, club and social circles, said
yesterday:
."I am a protectionist. It is the only
issue in California,. but when I explain
my position : you will, ' I feel t sure, ap
preciate my reasons for wishing to keep
my name out of print. Our firm deals
with many of the largest establishments
in the United >. States and Europe. Our
business amounts up into the millions an
nually. - ,
"Our customers are widespread and have
diversified political interests, and it is not
wise for the company to offend the opin
ions of ; its patrons by figuring promi
nently in politics. The incautious utter
ances of ? one of 'our ! managers in a large
Eastern city caused the firm to lose one of
its wealthiest customers. That is my only
excuse for giving my opinion in this way.
lam convinced that California is vitally
concerned in the tariff. Her' business* lite
• depends on that issue. Every voter who
ignores protection when be casts his ballot
THE SAX FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1896.
!
this fall condertins the country to another
period of depression. Every trade, com
mercial interest and industry demands
protection."
California Italian Taste Company.
Editor Call: In rerjly to your query as to
which of tbe two, the tariff or the money
question, is considered by the manufacturers
of Italian pastes in this country to be of more
importance, we will slate that the money
question has never been considered a factor in
ihe increase or decrease^ of our business.
What effect a change of standard may have
in the future we are not prepared to discuss.
We do know, however, that since the Wilson
tariff became a law the number of factories
in our line in the United States has decreased,
the number of men employed in the remain
ing: factories has decreased and the output
h«s decreased at least one-third, while the
amount of imports has increased more than
30 per cent.
This article of food is one of the cheapest of
farlntceous foods, so palatable ana oi such
health-producinp properties that it is no longer
considered a luxury, but a stwple, and can be
found on the table of the poor as well us the
rich. We cannot therefore attribute the de
pression in our business to hard times. There
{•• only one enemy we can point the linger to
and that is the tariff. Previous to the Wilson
law we enjoy, d n protective duty of 2 cents
P'>r pound. 'This was suflicieut to offset the
difference in the cost of labor between this
country and Europe. The Wilson bill took off
this specific duty and substituted an ad
valorem of 20 per cent. Whether this ad va
lorem duty means \\ cent or J^ cent per pound
depends entirely on the elacticity of conscience
of the European merchant who makes oath
before the American Consul as to the original
cost of his merchandise. The importance and
extent of this industry throughout the United
States is probably little known. There are
about 300 manufactories of Italian paste in
this country, giving employment to about
4000 men, mostly heads of families, who re
ceive on an average $!£ 25 per day.
The raw material is manufactured out of
whe&t raised in this country, it is wrapped in
paper made in this country and packed in
boxes of home manufacture." You can there
fore see how any legislation affecting us affects
as well tne farmer, the paper manufacturer,
the box-maker -and the lumber-dealer. That
we need protection badly can be easily under
stood when we assert that the labor for which
we pay $2 25 per day in this country can be
easily obtained in Europe for 40 cents. As al
ready stated about 4000 families or 20,000 peo
ple are dependent on this industry in the
United States, to say nothing of the capital
invested. Whether this should be a matter of
concern to our '.ariff-makers the future will
tell. Yours respectfully.
The California Italian Paste Company.
Indorsed by the I'acilic Paste Company.
IS A SINGER BY NATURE,
The Back Patti Tells How Her
Voice Was First Dis
covered.
She Has Appeared With Success Both
in America and in
Europe.
"I can never remember the time when I
did not sing," said Sissieretta Jones, the
"Biack Patti," when questioned yesterday
in her looms at the Russ House about her
first steps in the art of song.
"I used to sing to myself as a cbild be
cause I loved music, but it was after sing
ing a little solo at a Sunday-school con
cert at Providence that some peorile said
to my mother, 'The child took a high C;
you should let her learn music' That
was how I came to study."
Mrs. Jones is a very unassuming
young woman, who modestly disclaims
being a Patti, even a black Patti. It is a
name that a New York paper in an out
burst of enthusiasm gave her, and her
agents have gone on using it be
cause it is novel and attractive. To toll
the truth, the young singer is not black;
she is just the dark copper tinge that a
prima donna should be to p!ay "Aida" or
"L' Africaine," and one can ima me her
playing either role with majesty and
pathos.
She is tall and well-built, with a good
carriage, and last night the ease of her
movements was accentuated by a loose
flowing black silk robe, which by contrast
showed how brown her skin was. Round
her neck was some tawny-colored lace,
fastened with a diamond star, one of the
many Aits received from people who have
been charmed by her singing.
Up to the present the "Black Patti" has
MSMERETTA JONES, THE COLORED PRIMA DONNA.
only sung in concert, although a laree
part of her repertory consists of operatic
anas. When asked whether she had not
aspirations to appear in opera, she con
fessed that the lyric stage was one of her
dreams, but added that there were many
difficulties in the way: "I am traveling
most of the time, and it would be difficult
to study the roles; so much study is
necessary to do them well." And then
she hesitated and added, half timidly
that she feared there was another draw
back—she was not of the color of most
prima donnas, and some people might be
prejudiced against her on that account.
When it was suggested that make-up
and wigs can effect marvelous transforma
tions on the stage, the "Black Patti"
shrank back with a deprecating gesture.
'Try to hide my lace and deny my own
people? Oh. I would never do that," she
exclaimed; and with a ring almost of ex
ultation in her softly modulated voice she
added: "I am proud of belonging to them
aud would not hide what I am even for an
evening."
In reply to the reminder that while
prima donnas who play Suleikaand Aida
assume an African nationality which they
do not possess, Sissieretta Jones replied:
"Yes, but that is different. With me, if I
made »myself white, prejudiced people
would say I was ashamed of being
colored."
It is only about five months since the
Black Patti returned from an almost
triumphal tour of Europe. She was feted
everywhere, especially in Paris. In criti
cal Naples »ne sang with great success,
and in Rome, a city she only passed
through, crowds went to the depot to see
the colored singer and beg her to let
them hear her voice. She was a nine
days' wonder there, for colored people are
a great rarity, and colored singers are
quite unknown.
At Monte Carlo the Black Patti ap
peared at rive successful concerts in the
Casino, and in London the Prince of
Wales and his brother, the DuKe of Cam
bridge, Doth went to hear her sing.
"I enjoyed being in Europe, but im
portant business compelled us lo come
home," said Mrs. Sissieretta Jones. And
her husband added laughingly, ''And the
important business was that she insisted
on coming bacK to America to see her
mother."
LAZIEST PEOPLE ON EARTH.
Live in » Mountain Range Between the
Black >en And the Caspian.
The dirtiest people in the world have
recently been discovered by an explorer
in the Caucasus. They live in an inac
cessible mountain ranee between the Black
Sea and the Caspian, their Tillage being so
snugly hidden away that no Gov
ernment has yet been able to reach
them. As they were 2500 years
ago, bo they are to this day.
Seen from without there is a certain pic
j turcsqueness about a Svanetian village,
! although it merely consists of miserable
! stone hovels, without any attempt at form
lor adornment. Within the houses are
inconceivably filthy. They are filled with
rags, vermin and dirt of every description.
i ■
MISS LOU E. DRINKALL.
They possess no fireplace nor chimney.
I All the cooking, in fact, is done over a hole
I scooped out in the middle of the floor.
In these hou-es men and women and
children are huddled together; durine the
long winter months they are shut in days
at a time, the cattle often sharing their
quarters. Every aperture has to be closed
on account of the cold. This long impris
onment is, perhaps, tbe cause of the
degradation of the people. Horrible dis
eases result from it, which are aggravated
by an abnormal consumption of arrack.
the strong distilled drink of the Asiatics.
Besides being the dirtiest, they are prob
ably the laziest people on earth. It is an
invariable rule to make four days a week
holidays, with saints' days us extras.
Since they have adopted the holidays of
every other country with which have come
in contact, it is not surprising that tbe
men find little time for work.
Farming, bee-cuiture and cattle-breed
ing are the only industries of these lazy
people; throughout their territory there
is not a single manufactured article. Their
children marry while very young, they at
tend no school and lastly they have no
money.— Hartford Times.*
Sir William Macgregor receives the
Royal Geographical Society's gold medal
this year for his explorations in British
New Guinea, and Mr. G<orge Little
dale the patron's medal for his Pamir
journeys. The Labrador explorers, Messrs.
Low and Tyrell, receive grants of money.
An expert is responsible for tbe opinion
that the heart of a cyclist accomplishes in
twenty-four hours a task equal to lifting
100 tous oue foot from the earth.
CHILD AND BRIDE
OF JULY FOURTH,
Miss Drinkall to Become
an Actress on Her
Birthday.
PATRIOTIC AND LUCKY.
Born on Independence Day She
Favors It for All Great
Events.
WISHES TO DIE ON THAT DAY.
But She Hopes That All Fireworks
Will Cease on the Day of
Her Funeral.
Miss Lou E. Drinkall, who was born
on tbe Fourth of July, initiated into tbe
dramatic art on the 4th, and who is to
make her theatrical debut on the 4th, says
| she wishes to die on an Independence
day.
Aside from that, however, she aspires to
tbe highest refined comedy fame.
Miss Drinkall has already obtained
recognition by her paintings, which were
exhibited at the World's Fair, and has
dipped into literature to such an extent
that her writings— short stories and
poems— have been accepted by the leading
magazines of this country.
On the 3d day of last July she came
to Fred Belasco and stated her intention
of becoming an actress. She desired to
be^inatonce. He told her it would be
impossible to give her an initial lesson
until the sth day of that month.
But tne will that sometimes accom
panies talent was too strong for Mr.
Belasco's scruples. The consequence was
that on the Fourth of July Miss Drinkall
took her first lesson in her chosen profes
sion.
So for a year she has been studying dili
gently. There are black-and-blue spots, so
her sister says, on various parts of ber
body as a result of the zeal she has exhib
ited in her stage falls.
Twelve months of severe training has
Drought her to that trying period in the
lives of all actresses — the debut. Again
the will before mentioned has carried the
day, and Miss Drinkall will make he first
appearance, "just for luck's sake," as she
says, before her numerous friends on her
favorite day— the Fourth of July.
The stage will be draped with red. white
and blue buntings, and Old Glory will be
conspicuously displayed.
Yesterday as she discussed her debut
she sat amid a congregation of fireworks —
her birthday presents. In tact, her friends
dare not proffer her any other birthday gift
than a bunch of firecrackers or a bundle of
skyrockets.
One friend gave her a bunch of "can
non" and swears he will set fire to the en
tire pack on the rising of the first curtain.
It was even whispered among her near
acquaintances that she has purchased
bunting herself to decorate the stage on
the event of her managers not meeting
her patriotic demand.
Miss Drinkall is a Native Daughter and
comes of a family prominent in Califor
nia. Her father is one of the well-known
politicians of this State. It was her fam
;iy that directed her genius in the chan
nel of art, but nature will out, and on the
Fourth of July of her majority she
dropped pallet and maulstick for the
staL-e.
"It has always been my ambition," said
she, yesterday* "to be an actress. When a
little girl I would arrange an impromptu
stage in the nursery ana perform for the
edification of my audience of dolls."
"Are you married?" the interviewer
timidly asked.
"Yes, married to Fourth of July and the
stage, " answered she, without hesitation.
"I was born on that day, and some time— a
long, long number of years hence— l hope
to die on that day."
It has been generally acknowledged that
the face and figure of Miss Drinkall closely
resemble those of the famous Ada Rehan.
Ada Rehan has complete mastery of
facial expression. In this Miss Drinkall
comes into keen competition. Her won-
I derful knowledgeqf this arthas astonished
j her professional friends.
Christening a Ship.
Some English shipbuilders propose to
abandon the wine-christening ceremonies
a i- future launching of vessels, but will
substitute for it another idea Hereafter,
instead of breaking tbe bottle of cham
pagne on the vessel's nose the lady will
let loose a cageful of swift birds, which
will fly in all directions as the ship begins
to move, typifying the diverse nature of
commerce. The idea, which is borrowed
from the Japanese, teaches liberty and
economy.
On Crusoe's Island.
On Robinson Crusoe's Island, Juan Fer
nandez, there are only nine species of
land birds, two of them humminc birds
and four birds of prey. The humming
birds do not love the sunshine, but stay
in tbe shade. There are two kinds of sea
gulls about the island, the Fardela del dia,
a diver, and the Fardela de la noche,
which flies about ia tiocka at sunset.
KEW TQ.PAT.
FOURTHOFJULY
CELEBRATION.
JULY 4, 1896.
Aids to the Grand Marshal will report to the
Chief of staff at 9 a. m , mounted, at the junction
of Market and Main streets.
The various divisions constituting the parade
must i -e in ihe posi ions hereinafter assigned at
9:30 a. if. sharp. In order that no unusual oi un-
necessary delays may occur dilatory divisions will
fall in behind the rear division.
The various organizations constituting the divi-
sions will report to the Marshal in charge of their
respective divisions not later than 9:15 a. if.
Mursuals of Divisions will report promptly to
the Chiet of Staff, through an aid, when their divi-
sions are formed and ready to advance.
Tbe signal for advance wili be given at 10 a, k.
sharp. No Marshal will cause his division to ad-
vance until he receives orders to do so from the
Grand Marshal, through a Chief Aid.
The headquarter* of the Grand Marshal durine
the formation of divisions will be at the junction
of Market and Main streets.
LINE OF MARCH.
From the place of formation, at the junction of
Market and Main streets, proceeding up Market
street to the Intersection of Market and Montgom-
ery: thence along Montgomery to Bush; thence
along Bush to Kearnystreet; thence along Kearny
s ree to Market; thence alon^ Market to Van
Ness avenue; thence along Van Ness avenue to
Post street; countermarching on Van Ness ave-
nue the para le will be reviewed by the Grand
Marshal at tbe west intersection of Golden Gate
and Van Zsess avenues.
FORMATION OF THE PARADE.
Advance — At the junction of Market and Main.
First division will form on Main street, right
resting on Market street.
Second division will form on Drumm street, right
resting on Market street.
Third division will form on Beale street, north of
Howard, riifht resting on Market street.
l'ourtti division will form on Davis street, right
resting on Market street.
Fif:h division will form on Fremont street, north
of Howard, right resting on Market street.
Sixth division will form on Front street, right
resting on Market street.
seventh division will form on First street, right
resting on Market street.
Kighth division will form on Battery street,
right resting on Bush street.
Ninth division will form on Second street, right
resting on Market street.
Tenth division will form on Sansome street,
right resting on Suiter streer.
HENRY P. UMBSKN,
Grand Marshal.
CHARLES H. MURPHY,
Major and Chief of Staff.
PECALIA.
Grand Marshal— Ola-gola sash, gold trimmings,
white plume.
Chief of Staff— Badge, red, white and blue; Ma-
jor's full-dress uniform.
Chief Aids— Red, white and blue sash.
Aids to Grand Marshal — Red sash.
Marshals of Division— Red sash.
Aids to Division Marshals— Blue sash, silver
trimmings.
Chaplain— White and sold sash.
Chairmen of Committees, Orator, Poet and
Reader— Badges.
PLAN OF FORMATION OF PARADE,
JULY 4, 1896.
Platoon of San Francisco Police— Chief of Police
P. Crowley commanding; Company A, Captain
George W. Wittman; company B, Captain John
Spillane.
Golden Gate Band.
Grand Marshal — Old-gold sash, gold trimmings,
white plume— Henry P. Umbsen.
Chief of St»ff— Badee, red, while and blue, Ma-
jor's full-dress uniform— Major Charles H. Mur-
phy.
Chief Aids to Grand Marshal— Red, white and
blue sash, black plume— First Lieutenant, J. D.
Miley. V. s. a.: Second Lieutenant. John W.
Joyes, V. f. A.; Colonel James F. Smith, P. A.
Bergerot, W. W. Shannon, K. J. Vogel, will IX
Shea, J. P. Frazer, Nicholas U. Lang. Colonel W.
R. Parnell. L. G. Scliroeder.
Chairman Parade Committee— Red and white
sash— Captain John Tuttle.
Aids to Grand Marshal— Bine sash, black
plume— Char.es R. Nathan. Charles F. Knapp.
Oscar V. Gerzabek, David Buck, Harry \V.
Adams, W. M. Abbott, A. K. DagßUtt, G. Holland,
H. G. Vaughn, (Jeorge Newman, Dr. J. Albert
Noble, Thomas K. Kase. Wliilam Mclntyre. John
Mclntyre. <;. W. Burr. I'awson Mayer, Cant am D.
McDevitt. Frank W. Titus, (.eorge Hufschmidt
Walter H. Wood, A. Everdins, Patrick Lynch, C.
F. Humphres, Fred Butterfleld. Charles M. Brink
Fred Blumberg. N. K. Nary, Fred Vetter, Georce
H. Jr'riermuth, Master Earl Wilson, J. C. Ohlandt
Conrad Hilderbrandt, A. P. Rhodes, Charles'
Myall, Captain silk. F. E. Monteverde Jr., A. B
Noble. D. C->yne, Louis Goldstone, C. J. Hutch-
ings, W. Linden, A. K. McDevitt. John C. Slater
Gustavo Gunzendorffer, A. J. Donovan, James h'
Riley, Captain P. Sullivan.
I'nited Slates Troops.
First Infantry Band, U. S. A.
First Infantry Kegiment.
Battalion— Captain John J. O'Connell, command-
Ing. Company C. Lieutenant Frank O. Ferris-
Company r, Captain M P. Maus: Company k'
lieutenant S. A. Cloman: Company F, Captain
C. G. Star.
FIRST DIVISION.
Will form on Main street, with right resting on
Market street.
Itrlgadler-General R. H. Warfield, commanding.
Staff— Meurenant-Colonels J. C. Glestine and G. V.
Ili'.nnori; Majors Charles Jansen, Charles H. Mur-
phy, H. B. Hosmer, W. A. Halsted. C. J. Evans
J. H. Man els and D. X Dorn; Captains 8. U
Naphtalv and H. A. Westener: Sereeant-Majors
E. de Spaar and E. S. Crosby. Signal Corps sec-
ond Brigade, N. G. C, Captain C. C. Boardman
commaudlng.
N. O. C.
First Infantry Band.
First Infantry Regiment, K. G. C— Lieutenant-
Colonel Victor D. Duboce rommandlnK. Staff-
Major W. D. McCarthy: Captains Alfred J. Kelle-
herand P. J. H. Farrell: First Lieutenants i.ouls
Barrere. Kmil A. Kehrleln and Bert R. Herht.
First Battalion— Mxjor < harles Boxton com-
manding: Company D, Cantain Robert A. Mar-
shall; Company A, Captaiu John F. Connelly:
Company E, Captain Edward llt zpat rick; Com-
pany I, Captain K. Ritcher.
Second Battalion— Major Hugh T. sime com-
manding; Company M. Captain ThomnsF. O'Nell,
Comuany L. Captain John F. Eggert; Company B,
Captnlp Georce Filmer; Company H, Captain
Frank \V. Warren.
Third Battalion— Major Charles L. Tllden com-
manding; Company K. Captain Thomas J. Cun-
ningham: Company C, Captain J. W. Dumbrell-
Company F, Captain John A. Miller: Company G
Captain Edgar C. Sutliffe; Cadets, Captain J. R.
Moult hrop.
Fifth Infantry, N. (i. C. Fifth Infantry band.
Second Battalion— Major John F. Hayes com-
manding. Staff— Major J. P. Dunn, Captains D. A.
Smith and 1. A. Rottunzi, First Lieutenants A. A.
Boriini, J. H. Hendy, X K. Heller. C. C. Derby.
Company A, Captain Charles T. Poulter: Company
F, Captain George H. Wethern; Company G, Cap-
tain \V. F. Chipman.
Naval Battalion. W. G C— Lieut. Commander
L. H. Turner commanding. Staff— Lleuts. W E
Elliott, J. T. Sullivan, C. C. DennU, F. W. Harris,
A. E. Morgan. Ist Div., Lieut. C. A. Douglass- 2d
Dlv., Liiut. W. E. Ounn. Cavalry, S, G. C —
Troop A, Lieut. Charles A. Jenks.
SECOND DIVISION
Will form on Drumm street, right resting on
Market, in the following order:
Marshal, Harvey Burdell: Chief Aid, Leon
Jones; Aids— S. M. Carrand A. J. Vining
Second Artillery Band.
Ist— Veteran fiuard of California, Capt. J B.
Lauck communding. Sd— Members of o. A R —
(a) Lincoln Post No. 1, Harry W. Mortimer com-
mander: (b) Geo. 11. Thomas Post No. a A J
Vining commander: (c) Jas. A. Garfield Post No.'
34, R. R. Kilsore commander; (a) Col. Casst Post
No. 46, John O'Nell commander; (c) Gen. Geo E
Meade Post No. 48, J. b\ Goggin commander: (f)
Liberty Pon No. li 3, W. J. Park commander
3d— Veterans of the Mexican War. 4th— Sous of
American Revolution. 6th— Grand Army Floats—
(a) Seven Pine-i Circle; (b) Gettysburg Circle; (c)
Gettysburg Circle.
THIRD DIVISION
Will form on Beale sireet, north of Howard
right resting on Market.
Marshal, A. B. Maguire: Chief Aid, Thos. H.
Fallon: Aids— D. I. Maloney, Thos. K. Curtis,
Chas. B. Fcnn, John H. Sinenan.
Park Band.
First Regiment League of the Cross Cadets—
Col. W. c. Mahoney commanding. Lieut.-Col. M.
P. O'Shea. Staff— Capt. ana Adjutant Daniel C.
Deasy and A. P. Mulligan: Lleut.i. James Devlin
and H. F. Sullivan.
First Baf.alion— Maj. Daniel J. McGoin com-
manding; Lieut. Edward W. Fay. Co. A, Capt.
l-'rank S. Dra:ly; Co. M, Capt. T. Dinan: Co G,
Cupt. E. J. Power; Co. D, Capr. Jaa. Mcßrlde; Co.
X, Lieut. Peter Casey; Co. I, Capt. P. Haggertv.
Second Battalion— Maj. James Brouchou c com-
manding; Lieut. Edw. .T. Deusy. Co. C, Capt.
Kdw. Fitzgerald: Co. E. Cipt. Danl. J. McCarthy:
Co. H, Capt. James Tower; Co. B, CapU J. T.
Curley; Co. L, Capt. W. C. Clark. >
MEW TO-DAY: ;
: FOURTH DIVISION
Will form on Davis street, rUht resting on Market
in tbe following order: ■■-. .--.- :.. •
Marshal, M. Perich: Aids-Nicholas Morttzla.
Captain a. Kaicevich, Lieutenant de la Torre Jr.
Kamse.v's Excelsior Band.
Deuueher Krleger Verein, Captain Robert Wien-
ecke commanding:. Independent Bines. Captain
Schneider commanding: tan Francisco Turn
Verein, Captain F. Attlnger commanding- San
Francisco Schnetzen Verein. Captain John Boat*
commanding: Kintracht It ifle Section. Captain J.
A. Kuala, commanding: Italian Sharpshooters.
Austrian Military Band.
Austrian Military Company. Swiss Sharpshoot-
ers: Swiss Kifle Clnb, Captain Julias Leeman
commanding.
FIFTH DIVISION"
Will form on Fremont street, north of Howard,
right resting on Market, in the following order:
Marshal, Col. H. J. Burns: Aids— C. F. Hum-
phries, Fred Blum berg. . ■
Veteran Volunteer Fireman's Band.
Ist— Veteran Volunteer Fire Association. 2d—
S. F. Fire Department Equipage. Carriages—
i'irst carriage containing President of the Day
1.. Lent and Chairman of the Executive Com-
mittee C. J. King: second carriage containing
Mayor Adolph sutro; third carriage containing
Orator of the Day Zenas U. Dodge. Reader of the
Declaration of independence John W. Robinson,
and Chaplain the Rabbi Jacob Voorsanger. Car-
riages containing Committee, Board of (supervisors
In carriages.
SIXTH DIVISION
Will form on Front street, right resting on
Market street, in the following order:
Marshal, Robert it. Russ: Chief Aid, Capt. John
T. Scott: Aids— Lieut. W. G, Wlmmer. K. T.
Morns, G. W. Cavanaugh, P. Cronln, R. Pengelly,
J. J. Jamison, F. W. Wlslter.
Matthews' Band. - -
Float drawn by four white horses, drawing tho>
Goddess of Liberty— Miss Jennie L. Hedberg rep- 1
resenting "Columbia Rules the World," and Miss
Rene Henderson representing George Washington:
at the age when he cut the cherry tree. Becond—
Native Sons of the Golden West. Third— Float
drawn by four black horses, representing the Union
of States, with Miss Virginia Blennerhassett as
California. Fourth— Native Daughters of th»
Golden West In carriages.
Ehrman & Mauser's Band.
Float of Union Iron Works— model of battle-.
ship Oregon, with marines. Employes of the Union
Iron Works.? r ■• ' »r-r.v
SEVENTH DIVISION
Will form on First street, right resting on Mar-
ket street.
Marshal. Mark Lane; Chief Aid, L. M. McCord;
Aids— RoDert Greer, Z. T. Whiiten, Charles Klein.
Riizau's Baud.
Junior Order of U. A. M.— Lincoln Council No.
1, General (ieorgo Custer Council No. 2, Starr
King Council No. 6, U. S. Grant. Council No. 19,
J. A. Gartield Council, Alexander Hamilton Coua*
cil No. 35.
EIGHTH DIVISION . ,
Will form on Battery street, right resting on
Market in the following order:
Marshal, A. A. Garment; Chief Aid. B. Raddle;
Aids— C. Monte, M. Tovaruz. N. Mortizla. ,
Fwiss Military Band.
Council Florida Union No. 7, Council Amorda
de Pa.ria No. 5, float representing Vasco da
(jama's voyage to India.
Asahi Band.
Japanese Society, S. Vamato commanding.
NINTH DIVISION
Will form on Second street, right resting on
Market street, In the following order:
Marshal, James H. Humphries; Chief Aid,
Charles Bliss; Aids— James Curlett, Dr. C. L.
Bcharffi
Kbert's Band.
Foreign Consuls in carriages. Float— Protecting
the Flag, drawn by two dogs. in charge of Master
Albert Clark. Floats prepared by the children of
the following schools: James Lick school, "Mar-
riage of Pocahontas:" S-outh Cosmopolitan School.
"Hospital Service." City, State and other otllcials
In carriages. Citizens in carriages. .Float— Wire
cable from California Wire Works, drawn by fifty
horses. •
LITERARY EXERCISES
' AT....
THE AUDITORIUM,
Corner of Eddy and Jones Streets,
AT 3 O'CLOCK P. M.
Tivoll Orchestra (Director) Mr. Carl Martens
Pianist: Mr. Roscoe Warren Lucy
Musical Director Mr. John W. McKenzie Jr.
1. Overture— Medley of National Airs— Orchestra,
'2. Prayer— By Rev. Jacob Voorsani;er.
3. tar-spangled Banner"— Francis Scott Key—
Soloists and chorus under the direction of
&r. John W. McKenzie Jr.
SOLOISTS.
Mrs. W. A. Marco. Mrs. James Igo, Mrs. G.
Muhlner. Mrs. L. Lampe, Mrs. H. Grinelle. Mrs.
A. Poulson. Mrs. A. Hall, Mrs. J. Pettee, Mrs. A.
sorenson, Mrs. L. Ewlng. Miss V. Greenlaw, Miss
B. Connell. Miss J. Larson, Miss V. Rappin, Miss
M. v. Bredull. Miss R. Pelton. Miss K. Kelly. Miss
H. Frazier, Miss M. Leipsic, Miss T. Rosenbohm.
4. Address by the President of the Day— Mr. Sam-
uel L. Lent.
5. Reading "Declaration of Independence"—
John R. Robinson. - ■
6. Poem composed for this occasion by Mr. Louis
A. Robertson— Read by Professor E. Knowl-
ton.
7. Grand Chorus— "The Flag of Liberty"— Sung by
a chorus of 200 voices— Arranged by J. W.
McKenzie Jr." from the I celebrated "Father
of Victory" March and dedicated to the Na-
tive sons.
8. Oration by the Orator of the Day— Zenas U.
Dodge.
9. Patriotic Tableau— Vision of George Washing-
ton, the founder oi the Republic, surrounded
by his start— The American Flag with its
forty-five stars.
FIREWORKS.
The display of fireworks will be at the grounds
directly east of the "Chutes," on Haight street,
near Golden Park, commencing at 8:30 p. m.
The display will be a continuous one until com-
pleted.
PROGRAMME OK FIREWORKS.
1. Aerial salute, 26 stielis.' ' ■. ' •
2. Illumination of grounds.
3. Fine display of prismatic colors.
4. Crois-flre of Klgin batteries.
5. A fight of prismatic whirlwinds, 24 in number.
6. Display of l'J-inch shells, bursting at a great
altitude, displaying a rainbow of National
colors.
7. Cross-tire of. whistle fountains, antique and
amusing. •
8. Union battery, displaying National colors, 200
' feet lone. * ■ ,
9. Flight of fancy exhibition rockets.
10. Salvo shells, forming a "Tree of Liberty."
11. Display of willow-tree rockets.
12. Device. "Liberty Bell."
13. Flight of 9-Inch shells, making a bouquet of
great beauty.
14.. A set of peacock-plume. rockets, leaving be-
hind them a veil ■. of gorgeous feathery
plumes.
15. Flight of a hundred revolving rockets resem-
bling a mammoth wheel of fire.
16. Display of 12- Inch light bombshells, releasing
showers of gold, emerald and blue.
17. Blue and gold cross-fire battery. . *
18. A set of cornucopia rockets, releasing threa
distinct colors of red. white &nd blue.
19. Device, "American Eagle," surmounted on the-
emblems of "War" and "Peace." • :
20. Display of 24-inch shells, releasing emerald,
ruby and national streamers.
21. Flight of shooting-star rockets at a high alti-
tude, leaving a trail of brilliant colors.
22. Electric cross-fire oatterles in fourteen sec-
tions, emitting electric showers and golden
fountain 'spr.»y. i •
23. A set of darting shells, releasing darts of every
known hue.
24. Display of fancy exhibition rockets.
25. Musical batteries, imitation of a Chinese band.
26. Flying pigeons of fire.
27. Display of rainbow shells, forming a rainbow
of brilliant hues. ■ ■
28. Aerial bouquet: this represent a bouquet of
brilliant tire.
29. Wheel battery with a display of wheels re-
volving in counter directions.
30. Dts play of jeweled streamer rockets. ': '
31. Device, "Raising Old Glory." . •;• ,{:,-
32.' Aerial bombardment. -' • "■
33. Display, of diamond chain rockets, releasing
endless hanging chains of national colors.
34. Flight of 6-pound parachute rockets. • ■ - ■
35. Display of rose shells, lighting, the heavens
with roses of every hue. , ' .
36. The device. --George Washington,!' with a
wreath of suns. : -•...■*.•- >.-■•
37. Flight of 100. revolving rockets.
38. Ascent of prismatic dragon rockets, releasing
- • fiery tailed dragons. r■- ■• * "•'■
39. Display or electric shower rockets. ,-. •
40. Display of willow-tree she. ls. forming an im-
mense willow tree.
41. Ascent of prismatic whirlwinds, 24 in num-
. ber.
42. Flight of prismatic dragon shells.
43. Device motto. "Good-Night." :
TBESUCCESS OF THE SEASON
THE LADIES' GRILL ROOM
_ I— OJf THE
PALACE HOTEL
DIRECT ENTRANCE FROM MARKET SI
OPEN UNTIL MIDNIGHT.
V* a :nts: 3
Vs^22Q MARKET aT.S.F>S^
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