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VOLUME LXXX.-NO. 76.
NANSEN ON HIS VOYAGE The Intrepid Explorer Tells Why He Didn't Reach the Pole. ROCKY SEAS AND LACE OF DOGS. Found Water 3500 Meters Deep Which Became Warmer at 190 Meters. THE LAND JOURNEY WAS VEKY ARDUOUS, Built a Stormhouse in Which He Lived All Winter— No Fears for the Fram. VARDO, Norway, Aug. 14. -Dr. Nan sen, the Arctic explorer, says he expects that the Fram will eventually arrive at Spitzbergen. He says that she drifted with the ice in a westerly direction to 84 degrees. Rocky sess, he says, prevented •him from entering the mouth of the Olensk Paver for the purpose of procuring dogs, and lack of dogs prevented him from reach ing tne north pole, which he would other wise have found. Dr. Nansen says ne found water 3500 meters deep, which became appreciably warmer at a depth of 190 meters. The land veyage, he says, was very arduous, but had extremely valuable results. He reached the northern coast of Franz Josef Land and built a storm house where he lived all winter. Dr. Nansen adds that during the winter when there was no bear flesh to feed the dogs they killed the weakest dogs and fed them to the others until the whole pack was killed. He and Lieutenant Nansen started on May 19 to reach Spitzbergen. After traveling for six < weeks on snow shoes, dragging sledges partly overland, partly over sea ice, they reached the quar ters occupied by F. C. Jackson of the Windward expedition. The members of this expedition were found to be healthy and Dr. Nansen and his companion re mained with them until the Windward ar rived. 'Vhen the steamer started oii her homeward voyage Dr. Nansen and his \ companion accompanied her to this place. CO.VJM VUOHE MELVILLh'S VIEWS. Says Xansen's Theory of a Polar Cur ; rent Jit Groundless. WASHINGTON.-D. C, Aug. 14.—With out questioning the accuracy of the re ports that come by cable from Norway an nouncing the safe return of Arctic Ex plorer Nansen from his novel and adven turous voyage on the Fram Engineer-in- Chief Melville of the navy, who was a member of the ill-fated Jeannette party which served as the pattern for Nansen's attempt upon the north pole, holds that the result of the explorer's party, as now understood here, is to clearly prove his theory of a polar drift to be groundless. In the opinion'of Commodore Melville, as expressed to The Call correspondent, Nansen has only closely paralleled the celebrated voyage of Wyprecht and Payer in the TegethoS, and has followed their drift. In that case the Tegethoff rounded the north point of Nova Zembla with the intention of traversing the north coast of Siberia. They got in the ice and drifted north and east, while the gulf stream favored them in the early fail. Afterward when the stream lost its force NANSEN'S ARCTIC EXPLORATIONS. On this map is traced the route by which Nansen expected to traverse the open sea at the North Pole. He believed that the Fram, if it became frozen in the ice, would be carried by an arctic current from the sea north of the Siberian coast, through the polar regions, into the sea between Spitzbergen and Greenland. That the Fram reached a point nearly four degrees farther north than any previous expedition Seems *o substantiate his theory. The San Francisco Call they drifted south and west, bringing up , on Wiitsec Island, one of a small groap | southward of Franz Josef Land. While they wintered there their ship was crushed, and in the following summer they escaped in their boats, and were picked up off Cape Nassau, one of the headlands of Nova Zembla. * Commodore Melville says it will be noticed that Nansen has had a similar ex perience. He did not enter the ice on the I other side of the polar basin from where he was picked up, so his trip fails utterly to prove that a current exists that may be i relied on to carry a ship across the polar ; waters and bring it down on the east side jof Greenland. As a matter of fact he was last heard from, according to Commodore Melville, eastward of Nova Zembla, and he has just drifted northward and back again. This is in accordance with the judg ment passed on Nansen's theory by Com modore Melville before he undertook his voyage, Commodore Melville's prediction being printed in The Call at that time, i Melville said he had carefully calcu lated the probable drift on the Arctic re gions north of the New Siberian Islands from experience had with the Jeannette. As to Nansen's course, he says that, while it is not known just where he entered the ice, he doubtless entered northward of SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15, 1896. "WHAT A TIME I MUST HAVE HAD!" -Nova Zembla, and this j Won J4 * &ye '■* him , just the right drift to where he is reported to have been picked up. • It will be remembered by the readers of The Call that Commodore Melville ex pressed similar views in opposition to the ' polar drift theory last winter, when it was reported that Nansen had reached the pole. Professor W. H. Dall of the National Museum, an expert on questions of Arctic explorations, was seen to-day and : asked how he regarded the reports of Nansen's success in getting nearer the north pole than other explorers. "The reports are so meager," said Pro fessor Dall, "that it ;is bard to draw any conclusion about the trip until further de tails have been received. It shows, how ever, that the theory adopted by Nansen, though not accepted by : the scientific world, of . a current that would carry him over the north pole, is incorrect, otherwise he would have gone further north." EXPLORER BALDWIN TALKS, Consider* That Tir. Xansen Hat Accom plished Much. CHICAGO, 111., Aug. 14— In contrast with the opinion of Commodore Melville, 1 [Continued on Third Page,] NEW SCHEME OF FUSION PROPOSED Coalition of Gold Men in Florida, Texas and Alabama. IS A THIRD PARTY IDEA Republicans, Populists and Sound-Money Democrats to Combine AGAIKST BRYAN AND SEWALL McX nley Will Surely Carry tbe Three States Named if the Deal Is Made. INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Aug. 14.— There is a possibility that a combination ticket will be put in the field by the Republicans, National Democrats and Populists in some of the Southern States. The executive committee of the National Democracy is in receipt of propositions looking to this end from Alabama, Texas and Florida, and is very much inclined to look upon them with favor. The leaders of these three parties in the South have not yet discussed matters of detail in the pronosed fusion, but it iB probable that if it is carried rat they will I fuse on tne State tickets, and that elec- ' toral tickets will be made of men pledged : to vote asrainst Bryan and Sewall. In all | three of the States mentioned the Popu- ! lists have declined to enter into the fusion j with tue Democrats arranged at St. Louis, j They are thought to be strong enough in ' combination with the Republicans and j Sound Money Democrats to swamp the Chicaeo ticket in each of these States. This is an unquestionable fact, when it is considered that the colored Republican vote of these States will be protected. That element alone is almost sufficient to carry them. Tne National committee will con sider this at its meeting on Monday in Chicago. The Republicans in the States named have not subm tted the question to the National committee nor have the Popu lists to theirs. Chairman By n urn ex presses much pleasure at the declaration of Senator Gray that he would support the ticket, and expressed the hope that others close to President Cleveland, and possibly the President himself, would make some expression in due time. The executive committee was notilied to-day that Cali fornia will elect delegates next Tuesday and South Dakota will elect on August 28. The rate ol one fare for the round trip has be en granted to the delegates, going into effect September?. MAJOR M'KINLEY'S CALLERS. The Steady Stream ttf Visitors Is Appar ently Increasing. CANTON, Ohio, Ang. 14.— Major Mc- Kinlev SDent another busy day. This morning he finished reading Mr. Bryan's New York speech, having been too busy before to get throagb.it. The major de clined to comment on the address. A number of friends from outside points i were entertained at lunch to-day by Major | and Mrs. McKinley. Telegrams and let i ters continue to come from all parts of the Bcoantry announcing the formation of Mc iKiniey clubs. Among the points heard Ifrom to-day were Meriden, Conn., San iQuoit, N. V., Flint, Mich., and Toledo, THE RECORD-BREAKING ATLANTIC LINER ST. PAUL. NEW YORK, N. Y n Aug. J4. — The American liner St. Paul, Captain Jameson, arrived from Southampton this morning after another record-breaking passage of six days and thirty-one minutes. This beats her own former best record by five hours and one minute, and that of her sister ship, the St. Louis, by one hour and fifty-three minutes. The St. Paul, just off the drydock, left Southampton last Saturday at twenty-two minutes past noon, passing the Needles at 1:44 P. M. She reached the Sandy Hook lightship at 9:15 o'clock this morning, covering a total distance of 3046. \ knots in six days and thirty-one minutes. This eclipses all previous records. The average speed was 2J.8 knots per hour. The run of each day was as fol lows: 493.1, 524, 516.9, 525. J, 530.8 and 456 2; total distance 3046. J knots. The St. Paul experienced fine weather and smooth seas throughout the passage. She brought 458 cabin and 247 steerage passengers. Ohio. The dispatch from Toledo was from a reunion of the old soldiers in that county. The Newcastle (Pa.) club wires that two special trains have been char tered to convey the party which will call on Major McKinley August 22. JUNES DECLARES WAR. Committeemen Who Do -Not Favor Bryan . ! i: to 'Be JDis placed. WASHINGTON, D. C., Aug. 14.—Dis patches from New York to the effect that Senator Jones t has declared open war on those mem bers of the National Committee not in sympathy: with : the election of Mr. Bryan and determined ;to oust them and substitute men more zealous in the cause attracted fa great deal ;of attention here to-day. While ; - : there ■■is) no one ' present i authorized to ; speak : for the ' chairman, there was a general^opinion that the re ports were true. i> . . ;, ..^" ;' : . /■'..-■:■: .;-;■<; ;■ Senator Faulkner, chairman of the Con gressional committee, took the , - ground that the chairman had ; the authority to oust such ■ men as declined to follow the behests of their Dartv ; and substitute ' others; that in so doing be acted for the executive committee, which was the sole representative of the National Committee and the only organization that lived over from one convention to another. Senator Jones could easily accomplish the result by appointing in place of the men from the States in open rebellion whom he desires to supplant the regular members of the committee to places on the executive committee, which will have the active management of the campaign. There were a number of callers at Democratic headquarters to-day. Gen eral A. J. Warner of Ohio has just re turned from New York, and leaves for borne to-night. He predicts success for the Bryan ticket in Ohio. NEW ENGLAND APATHETIC Very Little Democratic Enthusiasm Is Being Aroused, '.','■■ BOSTON, : Mass., Aug. 14. -The silver wave which was promised in this State by the i supporters of .$ William J. Bryan has failed to materialize. The campaign so far is a flat failure. ..There are several reasons for this. The silver managers have no money, and they can see no pros pects of getting any. The Democrats who in other campaigns have contributed liberally, have a ; close clasp upon their pocket-books. Three-fourths kof these same contributing Democrats refuse abso lutely to support the Chicago platform, and not a cent of their money will they place in the committee's hands. '■ Many of the Federal office-holders who would be among the heaviest contributors are luke warm and refuse to give anything. ?A t: leading I', politician *J intimately '_'. con nected with the silver campaign was asked when Bryan was coming to ; the State and his - reply was: c "I don't know and don't care ' much. v What we ' want is money. That is the necessary and 'we must have it." The silver managers nave been im portuning the * National Committee i for funds, hut get no satisfaction. Tne ; flood ing of the State with speakers, which was to be one of the features of the silver cam paign, is not a reality and is not likely to be. A ' half-dozen ,of the old greenback speakers are endeavoring to do. something, but.they are mostly cranky individuals of but Jittle or no influence. * ORGANISING IN NEVADA. Republican* Have >ot Given Up Hope of '- tarrying the Silver state. . , ;■ . CHICAGO, 111.. An;;. 14.— Colonel A. T. Wimberiy, National Comruitteeman from Louisiana, was the only politician of distinction from ; outside 'Chicago to visit the , Republican headquarters , to-day, al though there was plenty -of work all day for Mr. j y Hanna and g his committee. Colonel Wimberly said to a reporter for the U. P. A. : *■" .- : - ■ :'■>■'•---■ I "We have a fair chance of carrying Louisiana. There are some domestic troubles, among. Republicans. \. but, they may be settled. If we don't get harmony we cannot carry ; the State. The disturb ing element is tne younger Republicans, j who want to run- things to the- exclusion of the' organization. a "We are so.'ng to bare a fair election this year and every vote cast for McKinley will be counted or there will be somo old time shooting.. The mass of the planters and white men, who are life-long Demo crats, are wild for McKinley." ■■•-.■ Mr. Hanna will leave for Cleveland to ! morrow and spend a ] couple of days at home. ■. Secretary r Rowling i of - the ; National I League received a letter to-day from Jus | tice Bigelow of the Nevada Supreme Court stating that he had organized two Repub lican clubs with 283 members at Carson City and the situation was not as hopeless for the Republicans as represented. Only two members of the State Committee re signed on account of the St. Louis plat form and McKinley men were elected in their stead. Justice Bigelow is making stump speeches throughout the State. MICHIGAN BOLTERS CONVENE. ill Select Delegates of the Indianapolis ",'"■ . -■■ -■ ..' Meeting. LANSING, Mich., Aug. «, 14.— = bolt ing 'Democrats of the State held a meeting this i evening and issued , a manifesto to Michigan a Democrats denouncing ; the Chicago convention as declaring for de based currency, repudiation, and class liti gation; as having unseated legally elected ! ■ delegates of ; Michigan, thus overriding the will of her, Democracy; as nominating a Populist for.President and * thus forfeit ing all claim to support of Democrats. A call was issued i t for a State ■ convention to - be held here August 26. PRICE FIVE CENTS. YAQUIS PUT TO DEATH, Mexican Officials Execute Three Captives Near Nogales. TAKEN FROM THE TOWN AND SHOT. Their Fate Will Be Shared by Other Suspects Caught by Soldiers. CBUSHIHG OUT A FANATICAL TJPBISING. Troops on Both Sides of the Line in Pursuit of Santa Teresa's Followers. NOGALES. Ariz., Aug. 14.— Three of ' the Yaquis who were captured since the battle here on Monday have gone to ! the happy hunting-ground. They wera ; taken out of town to the hills this after | noon by a squad of soldiers and shot to \ death. They were given a hearing this j morning ana acknowledged their connec tion with the outbreak, but said they wera forced by their chiefs to engage in the I raid. The chiefs toid them that if they did ! not go they would ba put to death for cow- I ardice. Several invitations to witness the execu | tion were issued to officers on the Ameri \ can side by the Mexican officials, but oth | erwise the work was secret and no one i knew when the men were taken or where i the execution took place. The other cap tured Indians are likely to be killed in a day or two. An Indian taken to-day is believed by many to be innocent, as sev eral saw him during the battle lighting on 1 the side of the officers and citizens, but ' the general opinion is that he will be shot unless he can prove conclusively that he was not with the Yaquis. Mexican au : thorities keep bringing in suspects and '■ there are now six in jail. The cavalry, which left here this morn \ ing, found signs of a band of Yaquis along Santa Cruz River, and sent back for tn» | infantry, which left on a special train at 4 o'clock for Calabasas, ten miles north of here. From there they go on foot to Pa jarita Mountains, to assist in gathering in ; any suspicious bands of Indians. More I soJdiers have been ordered to Nogales and | a troou of cavalry from Fort Grant is on the way; another troop of cavalry is com \ ing via Tucson, and a third is stationed at ; old Fort Crittenden. This latter troop ; ran across about thirty Yaquis on the [ Santa Cruz, near Sonorita, this afternoon and took them in. The Darty consisted of men, women and children, and waa coming this way. It had but a few guns, but the men were undoubtedly sym pathizers of their race in the uprising. Colonel J. N. Bacon ha 9 received no special orders from Washington, and all Blood is essential to good health. If yott would be well, keep your blood pure witb Hoods Sarsaparilla The best— ln fact the One True Blood Purifier. UnnH'c Pillo cure "^ liver ills * biliout- nUUU 0 rilld ness, headache. 25c