Newspaper Page Text
THE NEXT BIG TEMBLOR Seismic Disturbances Occur Periodically and Coincident With the Planetary positions— No jPart of the Qlobe Exempt From JKem » ' But few places, if any, are exempt from seismic disturbances. A region may for a long period enjoy immunity from earth quakes, and then without warning there occurs a fhaking up more or less <!risas trons. It is within the memory of a good many present residents of San Francisco to recall the great earthquake of October 21, 1568, the destructive character of which shown by the picture of the Webber House. That our City may again be the recipient of a similar if not a more severe " visitation is within the bounds of possi bility. All information upon the subject of a general character must therefore be of much interest. We sbali learn nothing about any physical phenomenon by the presentation of highly colored descrip tions of imaginary conditions. No one has penetrated the earth's crust to a greater depth than a few thousand feet. How, then, is it possible for the artist to represent the appearance of the interior of the earth? The verdict of science is that the earth is a cooling globe. This implies that at one time the ball we inhabit was very hot, probably in a molten state, but just bow long ago it got cool enough to permit the appearance of life upon its surface, or just how thick is the earth crust at the present time, are questions that science is unable to answer. A ereat many ingenious theories have been put forward concerning the internal condition of the earth, each of which has its particular merit, and ail have their fail ures. By some it is held that the earth is a liquid ball, having a thin crust or shell, and the liquid interior is intensely not. By others it is staled that the center of the earth is a solid nucleus, or ball, floating in an envelope of semi-liquid, viscous, molten matter, which is coated by the solid crust. Still others maintain the earth to be a hollow shell. Tney are all theories; and likely to be for all time un determinable ones. Were it possible to possess accurate knowledge of the con dition of the earth's interior, we should then be in a position to determine the causes of earthquakes; as it is. without sucli information we can only assemble the observed phenomena attending these geological catastrophes, and attempt to deduce therefrom a few generalizations bearing upon the subject. E.irthquaKes and volcanic eruptions are opt to be considered as related one to the other. There is no necessary connection between the two, other than both are the effect of one great cause. Yet earthquakes are most likely to occur in voicanic regions. Earthquakes are generally due on land to rupture of the strata of the earth, upward or downward, consequent on hoiizontal pressure. New England has no trace of volcanic activity during the present geological epoch, yet earthquakes occur there. Moreover, it is reasonable to suppose that if earthquakes were the re sult of a confined power, such as gases at B £HsE ' ShMml '?■'-) ■' ' Sliwßw s wSSy ijjj KKkJUk hh^tHw SsßtS^^ &fi3 jwsmB Itjp fs«y HM; fSB '' I )Blbo s I wff "Glad to Tell." JAMESTOWN, N. V., Dec. 1, 1895. » lAV I COMPANY— My baby was born July 21, 1894, and from that time I had a bad uterine trouble, the pressure on the bladder causing a desire to urinate every few minutes. Passing the urine gave me so much pain that at times' I would scream, and the burning sensation was terrible. An intense burning and itching in the rectum was intolerable. When the baby was six months old I was in a terrible condition. I treated with physicians in vain. I had night sweats so badly the nig t clothe* and bedding had to be dried. ..,;.' I had heard of VIAVI and sent for one of the ladies in charge of the office to come and see me &nd I began treatment In - about ten days the sweat assumed a yellow appearance. The yellow matter seemed to c me from every pore in my body; sheets pillowslips and night clothes looked as if they had been dipped in saffron. My head all around the roots of my .hair looked as if insect powder had been sifted over it. . I nursed my baby. He became sick and vomited as soon as he had nursed. What he threw, up was yellow. I was very much lightened and sent for the lady who had s >ld me the treatment. She came and said I must wean the baby at once. I did so and he was soon well. The yellow matter continued passing for several days. Then I began to get better, my bladder trouble i was relieve i. I could walk and work, and at the end of a three months' course felt well and strong. I am going to tatce another course to make my cure permanent, as I know it will cure those who are faithful. i lam glad to tell what it has done for me, either by letter or personally. ■ M. P. N. . " trtt vtjvi ™v,t>avv t v « „ * RICHARD STATION. P. Q., Aue. 2, 1895. IHi- VIAVI COMPANY— I have suffered for two years with anteversion and ulceration of the uterus. The pain was so great m the uterus and back that I could not stand straight. I also had a severe cough; which increased the pain every time I was troubled with it. I fas very restless and weak; also suffered intense pain while urinating. I commenced using VIAVI in May, and for a while seemed to suffer more pain, hut I remembered your agent had told me that might De the case at first. I : determined to give the treatment a fair trial, and I am very thankful now that I did, for I am so much better in every way « The pain has gone from my back and uterus, I sleep well and am not so nervous as I was, feeling so much stronger. lam sure I shall be quite well again by continuing the remedy a little longer, which I intend to do. I think- VIAVI is a great blessing to women. Trusting this testimonial will give hope to some other poor sufferer, yours gratefully, MRS. N. W. THE VIAVI COMPANY— Gentlemen: I have suffered with anteversion for about ten years.' Had Sept. 25, 1894. of THE VIAVI COMPANY— Gentlemen: I have suffered with anteversion for about ten years. Had tried a number of physicians with -carcely any relief. At last an agent of the business called at my house and induced me to try a three months' course of VIAVI. 1 seemed to improve right from the start, and have continued to do so. Alter I finished the firs i three ' months course I took - another. My case is of long standing, so I think it will take a year or so before lam entirely cured I had £««, d££ m. £ stomach trouble for years. I have been taking the capsules in the stomach for about two months, and they have done me more good than anything I ever tried. I have experimented with everything I ever heard of. MRS. h! W. K. .irhJK? itt A ir, rwiLrDAxrv r. *i T^ P . eaBUre X " dd m^ testimonial PAYSON CITY. Utah, Jan. 20. 1896. „;,.*„ F.i iti iv P I*l^1 * 1^ V— Gentlemen: With pleasure I »dd my testimonial to the many thousands already giveu to the s ,ffer«d of the VIAVI remedy and the good it has done for me. At my first menstrual period I caught cold, from which I have v"? e ?h, ce ] V T,h Pc SmCe ..with • £ am in .my stpmach, sick headache and leucorrhea, which was followed by anteversion. h&rfprwi st »hirty-two years I have had such a bearing down I could scarcely stand on my feet and the pressure on my bladder was so great at times that the neck of it would come into the world, which caused great soreness and the least touTh rime ?Trr ltl ° Weed : Vt^fe 1 " ° - ; Physicians had pronounced my case Incurable and said I could only be°pat?hea up for a" ■ Uwould P a r3u?~he7^ 1^ °" ly "^ *" VIAVI did "<>* r«-h me mmy o ™' days, as P l ™ ■ v i. 1 aye . ° nl used VIAVI nine months and can truthfully say I have been wonderfully benefited. That bearing down di77v sick headaches, leucorrhea and general health have been greatly. lmproved. I never"remember being a? well a" F am now 7 f heartily recommend it toany one suffering as I have. I forgot to say that my eyes have been very bad, but are much better now . ' M. G. C. "Fifteen and Eighteen Years." & u i%i\£y^^ y° u wm h ° CQred - :f wJKft! P leased to aDs^s all^ nq R uS cured bvits use and found .1] to be trfttTh;* t? ! J ery ,'" C dul<> " 8 about its merits ! until S l went '- '» ' see - a iady who has been freely recommend it to ahv iiiStJd \«al .n/ii heard.; Since.usine it myself I feel'like another person, for lam well. I can ireeiy recommend it to any afflicted lady and insure a cure if it is given a thorough trial. -. M RS. S. B. H. .ornf^rfo'fr^r.^Ve^rna'r"',,'"^ 1 '""' I?™,""1 ''?™,'''"'"- Th. doctor. d. l ? E no. V f"n l1 CO I o iould' rC r b cJ?er 18( 1- h.,. j? or ±- -u.il 3sra.m.e and -A-ddress and Fxxrtlxer Information -A-prply THE VIAVI COMPANY, 2304-6-8 Van Ness Avenue, City. lUiUiUiii JUJU JiiJii ill ill ill mm ill m in in m in in in in M. ni in in •■• it i > ,m ... ... ,,,,,.; J j enormous tension, then a volcano would act as a safety vent, and so diminish the tendency to earthqnake upheaval. Such, I however, is not the observed fact: volcanic vents are no safeguards against earth quakes. Observations under extremely limited range of vertical depth exhibit an increase of temperature of about one degree cen tigrade for each 100 feet of depth from the surface. It is not adifficult matter for the readers of The Call to figure out the depth at which all matter is in a molten condition under the influence of the enor mous heat. When by means of fissures in the crust the water of the sea finds its way to the hot interior steam a tremendous pressure is formed and a displacement oc curs, manifested as an earthquake. The presence of carbonates, chlorides and sul phates, etc., in the crust, would also tend to produce disruptive gases. We are apt to regard the crust of the earth as a rigid affair. It is not so. "The solid earth" is more poetical than real. During an earth quake the earth's crust bends in a multi tude of directions and the motion is prop agated with a velocity of from 500 to 1000 feet per second. Volcanoes have always been regarded with awe by the unlearned, and that means the majority of the people. There are 350 great volcanoes on the globe ; including ex tinct ones, ancient and modern, over 1000. There are tens of thousands of smaller ones and millions of geysers, hot springs, mud ejectors, etc. Yet the volcano is simply the chimney, vomiting its fire and smoke. The earthquake is the explosion of the boiler. Between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter are a vast number of tiny planets, known as the asteroids. Astro nomical science is now asserting that these asteroids are the remains of a huge planet that was at some time rent into fragments Earthquake Record as Traced by the Seismograph. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY. AUGUST 30, 1896. by an internal explosion. That must have been a mighty earthquake ! There is a ureat cosmic power which we call "gravitation." Volcanoes and earth quakes are but local manifestations of this great power, of the essential nature of which we know absolutely nothing. The rifts and scars on the earth's surface are its evidence, terrible yet indispensable to the life of our globe. It will be interesting to look over the records of earthquakes and learn what re gions are most likely to be affected and whether there is any probability of a re currence of the phenomenon. During the eleven years ended in 1883 there were ' 364 earthquakes recorded as occurring in the United States, of which number 147 toot place on the Atlantic Slope and the balance in the Western States and the Pacific Slope. In 1885 42 occurred on the Pacific Slope and 17 on the Atlantic. During the 250 years ended in 1879 out of 273 earthquakes in the United States but 42 were recorded as occurring on the Pacific Slope. These figures would seem to indicate that the seat of disturb ance was moving toward the Pacific. The cause or causes of earthquakes re main a mystery. The past training of our scientific minds has been such as to lead them to look to the earth itself for the cause of every terrestrial phenomenon. Re cently some modification of this narrow view as obtained, and to-day the student is not laughed at if he looks elsewhere for the producing cause. It is fast becoming a belief that celestial influence has much to do with earthquakes. The phenomenon is more frequent at new moon and full moon than at the time of quarter moon. More frequent when the moon is nearest to the earth than when she is farthest off. More frequent when the moon is on merid ian than when she is at the horizon. More frequent at the equinoxes, and especially so at the autumnal equinoxes. The idea that earthquakes had a periodicity depend ent upon the position of the heavenly bodied dates back as far as the records of Babylon extend. An old Japanese book, called "Jishin Setsu," asserts the same. Professor Alexis Perrey of Dijon, recog nized as the most successful worker and THE MAYO LIFEBOAT ADRIFT IN A GALE. the best authority on seismic phenomena, has devoted many years of arduous labor to the examination and t abulation of earth quake data. His tables of earthquakes from 1750 to 1842 show two groups of maxima, each with a period of about A Practical Seismograph. the treatment, but was told not to do so and that I must dispense with my pessary. Well, lam now on my third box, and if It was five times the price 1 would cheerfully pay that for It if I could not get it for lees. The parts are in position, I eat and sleep well, and am better in health than 1 have been for years. I tell every lady that I know of it, that they may tell it to their friends. Send any lady to me you like for information. M. A. T. SCALES, Gold Hill, Nev. THE VIAVI COMPANY— Hoping to be the means of inducing other suffering women to use VIAVI and recover their health, I will tell you what it h*s done for me. I suffered terribly with extreme prolapsus. VIAVI was brought to my notice. I commenced its use and for nearly two years used it faithfully. The ligaments were gradually strengthened and the organ returned to its natural position, and two months since 1 gave birth to a fine, healthy daughter. I used the remedy steadily up to the birth and got up strong and well. Ladies, do not hesitate to use VIAVI faithfully and use it until well. A month or two will not cure you. MRS. H. F. L. "Fly to Viavi for Relief." LOS ANGELES, Cal.. Dec. 27, 1894. THE VIAVI COMPANY— Gentlemen: I had suffered from retroversion for three years, caused by falling from my horse. At each monthly period I had most intense pains. I had, too, almost constant pain in the region of the ovaries, and became very weak and delicate. I employed some of the best physicians, both here and in other places, and obtained but little benefit. When I began the use of VI AVI I was very low and weak, and had to spend a good deal of my time in bed. lut3d the remedy some months before I perceived any change for the better, but I persevered, and am now using the twelfth month's treatment. lam glad I did persevere, for I have been so greatly benefited, and would advise ail ladies using VIAVI to persevere, even though they may not feel benefited for some time. Yours truly, MISS L. B. LONGMONT, Colo. THE VIAVI COMPANY— Gentlemen: For nine years I suffered with leucorrhea and retroversion, suffering more at my monthly periods than at any other time. My head would pain me so much that I would be obliged to lie in bed for a day at a time. Was so nervous I did not sleep well, couldn't bear any noise, didn't feel like myself, was cross and irritable. After using VIAVI five months I consider myseli welU I shall be glad indeed if these few lines may be the means of inducing some poor, suffering woman to fly to ViAVlfor relief. Ladies, when you use it be thorough in its use, anddo not do the remedy an injustice. The VIAVI CERATE is excellent for liver, lung and kidney troubles. With a sense of great gratitude for the good it has done me, I remain, yours very truly, MRS. S. L. EAST LOS ANGELES, Cal., Feb. 12, 1895. THE VIAVI COMPANY— Gentlemen: I had suffered for fifteen years with retroversion, causing my lower limbs to be almost paralyzed and the'whoie system to be out of order. My ailments were too numerous to name. I was very weak and nervous, but, thanks to VIAVI, lam almost a well woman and the proud mother of a fine baby boy. I used VIAVI during the term; had no mcrning sickness, atid the birth was rendered safe and easy. I would recommend all suffering sisters to use VIAVL. I am, yours faithfully, MRS. C. L. S. • ABERDEEN, Wash.. April I*> 1895 THE VIAVI COMPANY : I think it only just that I should tell you what VIAVI has done for me. 1 began the use'of the VIAVI treatment on the 19th day of January, this year. At that time I was suffering from retroversion. I hac called in a local physician twiC3 to place the parts in position, but they would not stay. I had also been suffering from painfu menstruation for several months. I bought a three months' treatment from your manager and began using it at once I was so very weak that 1 fainted away during the first treatment, but in three days I was able to be up and do the work for myself and • husDanii. My menstruation has been natural ever sine? — no pain whatever. I feel strong and well now, so that I can do i work — washing and all. lam willing you should use this testimonial if you wish. I am, respectfully yours MRS. J H THE VIAVI COMPANY-Dear Sirs: For fourteen years I had suffered from diseases, fu^n vaginitis, retroversion, terrible headaches, nervous dyspepsia and soreness of the spine. Was treated by many uhvsicians at dif- ferent times, but derived no permanent benefit from any. In May, 18ir2, Mrs. H., after making several efforts uersnaded me to use VIAVI. I was tnen suffering intensely with pain in the right ovary, and decided that it, and perhaps the left ovary must be removed, as I could not step or even move without pain I also suffered greatly with bladder trouble, caused by misplacements. After four months' treatment of VIAVI I was summed to find the bad symptoms all gone. This was two years So andThave confidence now to believe that lam cured. Hoping this may meet the eyes of many other sufferers and induce them to rrv your medicine, lam, yours very gratefully, Bluein MB. THE VIAVI COMPANy-Gentlemen : Your remedy h.sproven such a godsend to m^aMwSh'tS^il^ case, hoping that other ladies who read this will be induced to try vrAVI at once and be restored to perfect health and happiness, as only this remedy can restore. For about five years I suffered with prolapsus and retroversion of the uterut I had to wear band- ages all (he time, and was in a state of nervousness that made life burdensome. I have often prayed for death tn end it all I thought there was no hope for me. A representative of the VIAVI called upon me and I procure? a box « * lh n r.l H- After ping eighteen of the CAPSULES I felt so much better that I d,d not need tL bandages; KdhSS ne^ui'd* JheS"i. cc. lam in perfect health, and enjoy life as I never thought possible for one afflicted as 1 was. I will answer all questions in Sto the remedy - MRS. B.~A. H. twelve years, one commencing in 1759, the other in 1756. Also two other groups, with twenty-eight - year periods, com mencing respectively in 1756 and 1773. These groups coincide with the times when the giant planets, Jupiter and Saturn, reach the mean longitudes of 135 degrees and 265 degrees. The critical researches of Dr. E. Nau man show a coincidence to exist between the occurrence of the large earthquakes of Japan and the thirty-three year period of meteoric showers. The great ilumbol It asserts the coincidence of the great earth quake of Quito and Riobambo with a great shower of meteors on February 4, 1797. Of course these are but "coincidences," but what makes the coincidence? The word "coincidence" does not dispose of the facts, but it merely refers them all to the same cause. There are five earthquakes at night to one during the day. The conclusion that the particular posi tion of the heavenly bodies may operate to create terestial disturbances is, therefore, no forced one ; and while old school geolo gists may cling to the dogma that earth quakes are solely due to the shrinking of the earth's crust, it is certainly most re markable that this shrinking should per sistently manifest itself at regular periods corresponding with the position and move ments of the heavenly bodies! Scarcely a day passes that there Is not some slight shork in some portion of the globe. Not of a degree approaching severity, but of a faint character. It is a simple matter to prove this. I give a cut and description of a seismograph, or "earthquake re corder," wjiich is exceedingly simple to make and will correctly record the occur rence of all shocks and tremors. It is a heavy ball of metal suspended by a rod and string; the lower end of the rod, which projects below the ball, has a couple of small shoulders provided with a vertical hole, in which i; placed a needle free to move up and down in the holes. The end of the needle rests upon a piece of smoked glass. The instrument must be placed where all vibration of the ground from passing vehicles in the street is absent. F. M. Close, D. Be. IT WILL NEVER SINK J\ Rough-Water Lifeboat With Air-Tight Com partments Fed by Self-/lcting Tubes. As Safe as Thougk Sealed in a Barrel It often happens that when a vessel founders at sea and the people aboard of her attempt to escape in the ordinary open boats they will be capsized and drowned. To prevent this Robert D. Mayo of Frank fort, Mich., has invented a lifeboat that is non-sinkable as a buoy and which can not be filled with water. In the practica ble application of the lifeboat the people who have left the sinking ship are situ ated the same as if they were sealed up in a floating barrel. To accomplish this result many things had to be considered, chiefly the air sup ply and the stability of the vessel, so tnat it would be sell-righting. The Mayo boat is made of metal and has air-tight compartments that will keep it afloat even though water should get into the other part of it. These compartments occupy both ends of the craft, and a few feet back of the bulkhead that forms either of them is another bulkhead that communicates with the interior of the lifeboat by a valve close up to the under side of the deck. The lifeboat is built to stand high out of smooth water. Above this water line there are a series of air pipes tnat enter the space between the two bulkheads and allow the atmosphere to freely enter and pass into the inner compartment through the vaive. This valve is of the automatic pattern, so that when the water rises around the boat and fills the space be tween the bulkheads to a dangerous height it closes naturally and keeps the water from getting inside. The motive power of this vessel is no part of the invention, as it can be fitted with any of the numerous contrivances for that purpose now on the market. In case of the abandoning of a ship at sea the crew and passengers are loaded into one of th°se boats through an open ing in the top, which is then closed and fastened on the inside. The lifeboat is then lowered in the usual manner and turned loose. In case the boat is the last one to leave the ship there are holes for ropes to pass through, so that it can be accomplished by the men on the inside. There is a pump aboard that is capable of ejecting any water that may come aboard. When the Mayo lifeboat is in the water and free of the ship all the inmates have to do is to make themselves as comforta ble as the circumstances will permit. There is no possible danger of their getting wet, »s th» waves can wash over the vessel without causing any great inconvenience. Even if it should stay under water for a minute the people would suffer no danger for want of air, as there is enough in the vessel to last several times that long. As soon as the vessel comes to the top again the water between the bulkheads runs out and allows the air valve to open so that there is a fresh supply of air in an instant. Snch a vessel could be adrift in a gale for days and the people inside of her be in perfect comfort and safety. As soon as the sea goes down the top can be opened and the shipwrecked mariners be in the same condition as if they were in an ordinary ship's boat. A» well as making a good lifeboat there is* no reason why the Mayo boat would not be a success for long ocean voyages by small parties. Equipped with a gasoline engine and sails it could make good time, and when very dangerous weather comes up could be closed and allowed to drift about until the gale had passed away. To Extract Qold Without Water The one great difficulty in the develop ment of many gold field's in California and elsewhere is the want of a sufficiently great water supply with which to drive the machinery necessary for extracting gold from the ore or to utilize in operating rich placer deposits. In t c southern part of the State and in Arizona many dis coveries of rich gold deDosits have had to be abandoned on account of the lack of water, and many inventors with more or less success have exercised their in genuity in trying to discover processes by which water could be dispensed with in extracting gold. A device invented by a California mechanic, who is also au ex perienced miner, has been tested on a small scale wHh great success, and a full sized model of which is now being con structed by the Union Iron Worts. The main feature of the invention is an iron pipe of large dimensions, which is bent into a spiral, forming a worm, eacu convolution of which holds a charge of quicksilver, not large enough, however, to close the passage. The ore, previously re duced to powder as fine as possible, is drawn by a current of air through the rapidly revolving pipe; the quicksilver by this means is forced into a spray, which takes hold of and forms an amalgam with all particles of gold in the neighborhood. In tests at recent trials with ore-bearing sands from placers nearly every particle of gold was recovered. Tests made with the black sands from the seashore con taining gold were very successful. Photographing the Evje. At a recent meeting of the Paris Acad emy of Medicine M. Guinkoff stated that he had successfully photographed the interior of the eye. Ihe advantages oi thie method are important, since it ena bles actual pictures ot the disease of the retina to be secured and compared from time to time to determine whether dis ease processes of the eye progress or not. The picture is made in two seconds. The apparatus can thus serve as an ophthalmo scope, and any number of persons can thus observe the results. — New York Times.