THE NEXT BIG TEMBLOR
Seismic Disturbances Occur Periodically
and Coincident With the Planetary
positions— No jPart of the Qlobe
Exempt From JKem
» ' But few places, if any, are exempt from
seismic disturbances. A region may for a
long period enjoy immunity from earth
quakes, and then without warning there
occurs a fhaking up more or less <!risas
trons. It is within the memory of a good
many present residents of San Francisco
to recall the great earthquake of October
21, 1568, the destructive character of which
shown by the picture of the Webber
House. That our City may again be the
recipient of a similar if not a more severe
" visitation is within the bounds of possi
bility. All information upon the subject
of a general character must therefore be
of much interest. We sbali learn nothing
about any physical phenomenon by the
presentation of highly colored descrip
tions of imaginary conditions. No one
has penetrated the earth's crust to a
greater depth than a few thousand feet.
How, then, is it possible for the artist to
represent the appearance of the interior of
the earth? The verdict of science is that
the earth is a cooling globe. This implies
that at one time the ball we inhabit was
very hot, probably in a molten state, but
just bow long ago it got cool enough to
permit the appearance of life upon its
surface, or just how thick is the earth
crust at the present time, are questions
that science is unable to answer.
A ereat many ingenious theories have
been put forward concerning the internal
condition of the earth, each of which has
its particular merit, and ail have their fail
ures. By some it is held that the earth is
a liquid ball, having a thin crust or shell,
and the liquid interior is intensely not.
By others it is staled that the center of the
earth is a solid nucleus, or ball, floating in
an envelope of semi-liquid, viscous,
molten matter, which is coated by the
solid crust. Still others maintain the
earth to be a hollow shell. Tney are all
theories; and likely to be for all time un
determinable ones. Were it possible to
possess accurate knowledge of the con
dition of the earth's interior, we should
then be in a position to determine the
causes of earthquakes; as it is. without
sucli information we can only assemble
the observed phenomena attending these
geological catastrophes, and attempt to
deduce therefrom a few generalizations
bearing upon the subject.
E.irthquaKes and volcanic eruptions are
opt to be considered as related one to the
other. There is no necessary connection
between the two, other than both are the
effect of one great cause. Yet earthquakes
are most likely to occur in voicanic
regions. Earthquakes are generally due
on land to rupture of the strata of the
earth, upward or downward, consequent
on hoiizontal pressure. New England has
no trace of volcanic activity during the
present geological epoch, yet earthquakes
occur there. Moreover, it is reasonable to
suppose that if earthquakes were the re
sult of a confined power, such as gases at
B £HsE ' ShMml '?■'-) ■' ' Sliwßw s wSSy ijjj KKkJUk hh^tHw SsßtS^^ &fi3 jwsmB Itjp fs«y HM; fSB '' I )Blbo s I wff
"Glad to Tell."
JAMESTOWN, N. V., Dec. 1, 1895.
» lAV I COMPANY— My baby was born July 21, 1894, and from that time I had a bad uterine trouble, the pressure on the
bladder causing a desire to urinate every few minutes. Passing the urine gave me so much pain that at times' I would scream,
and the burning sensation was terrible. An intense burning and itching in the rectum was intolerable.
When the baby was six months old I was in a terrible condition. I treated with physicians in vain. I had night sweats so
badly the nig t clothe* and bedding had to be dried. ..,;.'
I had heard of VIAVI and sent for one of the ladies in charge of the office to come and see me &nd I began treatment In -
about ten days the sweat assumed a yellow appearance. The yellow matter seemed to c me from every pore in my body; sheets
pillowslips and night clothes looked as if they had been dipped in saffron. My head all around the roots of my .hair looked as if
insect powder had been sifted over it. .
I nursed my baby. He became sick and vomited as soon as he had nursed. What he threw, up was yellow. I was very
much lightened and sent for the lady who had s >ld me the treatment. She came and said I must wean the baby at once. I did
so and he was soon well. The yellow matter continued passing for several days. Then I began to get better, my bladder trouble i
was relieve i. I could walk and work, and at the end of a three months' course felt well and strong. I am going to tatce another
course to make my cure permanent, as I know it will cure those who are faithful. i
lam glad to tell what it has done for me, either by letter or personally. ■ M. P. N. . "
trtt vtjvi ™v,t>avv t v « „ * RICHARD STATION. P. Q., Aue. 2, 1895.
IHi- VIAVI COMPANY— I have suffered for two years with anteversion and ulceration of the uterus. The pain was so
great m the uterus and back that I could not stand straight. I also had a severe cough; which increased the pain every time I
was troubled with it. I fas very restless and weak; also suffered intense pain while urinating. I commenced using VIAVI in
May, and for a while seemed to suffer more pain, hut I remembered your agent had told me that might De the case at first. I :
determined to give the treatment a fair trial, and I am very thankful now that I did, for I am so much better in every way « The
pain has gone from my back and uterus, I sleep well and am not so nervous as I was, feeling so much stronger.
lam sure I shall be quite well again by continuing the remedy a little longer, which I intend to do. I think- VIAVI is a
great blessing to women. Trusting this testimonial will give hope to some other poor sufferer, yours gratefully, MRS. N. W.
THE VIAVI COMPANY— Gentlemen: I have suffered with anteversion for about ten years.' Had Sept. 25, 1894. of
THE VIAVI COMPANY— Gentlemen: I have suffered with anteversion for about ten years. Had tried a number of
physicians with -carcely any relief. At last an agent of the business called at my house and induced me to try a three months'
course of VIAVI. 1 seemed to improve right from the start, and have continued to do so. Alter I finished the firs i three '
months course I took - another. My case is of long standing, so I think it will take a year or so before lam entirely cured I had
£««, d££ m. £ stomach trouble for years. I have been taking the capsules in the stomach for about two months, and they
have done me more good than anything I ever tried. I have experimented with everything I ever heard of. MRS. h! W. K.
.irhJK? itt A ir, rwiLrDAxrv r. *i T^ P . eaBUre X " dd m^ testimonial PAYSON CITY. Utah, Jan. 20. 1896.
„;,.*„ F.i iti iv P I*l^1 * 1^ V— Gentlemen: With pleasure I »dd my testimonial to the many thousands already giveu to the
s ,ffer«d of the VIAVI remedy and the good it has done for me. At my first menstrual period I caught cold, from which I have
v"? e ?h, ce ] V T,h Pc SmCe ..with • £ am in .my stpmach, sick headache and leucorrhea, which was followed by anteversion.
h&rfprwi st »hirty-two years I have had such a bearing down I could scarcely stand on my feet and the pressure on my
bladder was so great at times that the neck of it would come into the world, which caused great soreness and the least touTh
rime ?Trr ltl ° Weed : Vt^fe 1 " ° - ; Physicians had pronounced my case Incurable and said I could only be°pat?hea up for a" ■
Uwould P a r3u?~he7^ 1^ °" ly "^ *" VIAVI did "<>* r«-h me mmy o ™' days, as P l ™
■ v i. 1 aye . ° nl used VIAVI nine months and can truthfully say I have been wonderfully benefited. That bearing down di77v
sick headaches, leucorrhea and general health have been greatly. lmproved. I never"remember being a? well a" F am now 7 f
heartily recommend it toany one suffering as I have. I forgot to say that my eyes have been very bad, but are much better now . '
M. G. C.
"Fifteen and Eighteen Years."
& u i%i\£y^^ y° u wm h ° CQred - :f wJKft! P leased to aDs^s all^ nq R uS
cured bvits use and found .1] to be trfttTh;* t? ! J ery ,'" C dul<> " 8 about its merits ! until S l went '- '» ' see - a iady who has been
freely recommend it to ahv iiiStJd \«al .n/ii heard.; Since.usine it myself I feel'like another person, for lam well. I can
ireeiy recommend it to any afflicted lady and insure a cure if it is given a thorough trial. -. M RS. S. B. H.
.ornf^rfo'fr^r.^Ve^rna'r"',,'"^ 1 '""' I?™,""1 ''?™,'''"'"- Th. doctor. d. l ? E no. V f"n l1 CO I o iould' rC r b cJ?er 18( 1- h.,.
j? or ±- -u.il 3sra.m.e and -A-ddress and Fxxrtlxer Information -A-prply
THE VIAVI COMPANY, 2304-6-8 Van Ness Avenue, City.
lUiUiUiii JUJU JiiJii ill ill ill mm ill m in in m in in in in M. ni in in •■• it i > ,m ... ... ,,,,,.; J
j enormous tension, then a volcano would
act as a safety vent, and so diminish the
tendency to earthqnake upheaval. Such,
I however, is not the observed fact: volcanic
vents are no safeguards against earth
Observations under extremely limited
range of vertical depth exhibit an increase
of temperature of about one degree cen
tigrade for each 100 feet of depth from
the surface. It is not adifficult matter for
the readers of The Call to figure out the
depth at which all matter is in a molten
condition under the influence of the enor
mous heat. When by means of fissures in
the crust the water of the sea finds its way
to the hot interior steam a tremendous
pressure is formed and a displacement oc
curs, manifested as an earthquake. The
presence of carbonates, chlorides and sul
phates, etc., in the crust, would also tend
to produce disruptive gases. We are apt
to regard the crust of the earth as a rigid
affair. It is not so. "The solid earth" is
more poetical than real. During an earth
quake the earth's crust bends in a multi
tude of directions and the motion is prop
agated with a velocity of from 500 to 1000
feet per second.
Volcanoes have always been regarded
with awe by the unlearned, and that means
the majority of the people. There are 350
great volcanoes on the globe ; including ex
tinct ones, ancient and modern, over 1000.
There are tens of thousands of smaller
ones and millions of geysers, hot springs,
mud ejectors, etc. Yet the volcano is
simply the chimney, vomiting its fire and
smoke. The earthquake is the explosion
of the boiler.
Between the orbits of the planets Mars
and Jupiter are a vast number of tiny
planets, known as the asteroids. Astro
nomical science is now asserting that these
asteroids are the remains of a huge planet
that was at some time rent into fragments
Earthquake Record as Traced by the
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY. AUGUST 30, 1896.
by an internal explosion. That must have
been a mighty earthquake !
There is a ureat cosmic power which we
call "gravitation." Volcanoes and earth
quakes are but local manifestations of this
great power, of the essential nature of
which we know absolutely nothing. The
rifts and scars on the earth's surface are
its evidence, terrible yet indispensable to
the life of our globe.
It will be interesting to look over the
records of earthquakes and learn what re
gions are most likely to be affected and
whether there is any probability of a re
currence of the phenomenon.
During the eleven years ended in 1883
there were ' 364 earthquakes recorded as
occurring in the United States, of which
number 147 toot place on the Atlantic
Slope and the balance in the Western
States and the Pacific Slope. In 1885 42
occurred on the Pacific Slope and 17 on the
Atlantic. During the 250 years ended in
1879 out of 273 earthquakes in the United
States but 42 were recorded as occurring on
the Pacific Slope. These figures would
seem to indicate that the seat of disturb
ance was moving toward the Pacific.
The cause or causes of earthquakes re
main a mystery. The past training of
our scientific minds has been such as to
lead them to look to the earth itself for the
cause of every terrestrial phenomenon. Re
cently some modification of this narrow
view as obtained, and to-day the student
is not laughed at if he looks elsewhere for
the producing cause. It is fast becoming a
belief that celestial influence has much to
do with earthquakes. The phenomenon is
more frequent at new moon and full
moon than at the time of quarter moon.
More frequent when the moon is nearest
to the earth than when she is farthest off.
More frequent when the moon is on merid
ian than when she is at the horizon. More
frequent at the equinoxes, and especially
so at the autumnal equinoxes. The idea
that earthquakes had a periodicity depend
ent upon the position of the heavenly
bodied dates back as far as the records of
Babylon extend. An old Japanese book,
called "Jishin Setsu," asserts the same.
Professor Alexis Perrey of Dijon, recog
nized as the most successful worker and
THE MAYO LIFEBOAT ADRIFT IN A GALE.
the best authority on seismic phenomena,
has devoted many years of arduous labor
to the examination and t abulation of earth
quake data. His tables of earthquakes
from 1750 to 1842 show two groups of
maxima, each with a period of about
A Practical Seismograph.
the treatment, but was told not to do so and that I must dispense with my pessary. Well, lam now on my third box, and if It
was five times the price 1 would cheerfully pay that for It if I could not get it for lees. The parts are in position, I eat and sleep
well, and am better in health than 1 have been for years. I tell every lady that I know of it, that they may tell it to their friends.
Send any lady to me you like for information. M. A. T.
SCALES, Gold Hill, Nev.
THE VIAVI COMPANY— Hoping to be the means of inducing other suffering women to use VIAVI and recover their
health, I will tell you what it h*s done for me. I suffered terribly with extreme prolapsus. VIAVI was brought to my notice. I
commenced its use and for nearly two years used it faithfully. The ligaments were gradually strengthened and the organ returned
to its natural position, and two months since 1 gave birth to a fine, healthy daughter. I used the remedy steadily up to the birth
and got up strong and well. Ladies, do not hesitate to use VIAVI faithfully and use it until well. A month or two will not
cure you. MRS. H. F. L.
"Fly to Viavi for Relief."
LOS ANGELES, Cal.. Dec. 27, 1894.
THE VIAVI COMPANY— Gentlemen: I had suffered from retroversion for three years, caused by falling from my horse.
At each monthly period I had most intense pains. I had, too, almost constant pain in the region of the ovaries, and became very
weak and delicate. I employed some of the best physicians, both here and in other places, and obtained but little benefit. When
I began the use of VI AVI I was very low and weak, and had to spend a good deal of my time in bed. lut3d the remedy some months
before I perceived any change for the better, but I persevered, and am now using the twelfth month's treatment. lam glad I did
persevere, for I have been so greatly benefited, and would advise ail ladies using VIAVI to persevere, even though they may not
feel benefited for some time. Yours truly, MISS L. B.
THE VIAVI COMPANY— Gentlemen: For nine years I suffered with leucorrhea and retroversion, suffering more at my
monthly periods than at any other time. My head would pain me so much that I would be obliged to lie in bed for a day at a
time. Was so nervous I did not sleep well, couldn't bear any noise, didn't feel like myself, was cross and irritable. After using
VIAVI five months I consider myseli welU I shall be glad indeed if these few lines may be the means of inducing some poor,
suffering woman to fly to ViAVlfor relief. Ladies, when you use it be thorough in its use, anddo not do the remedy an injustice.
The VIAVI CERATE is excellent for liver, lung and kidney troubles. With a sense of great gratitude for the good it has done
me, I remain, yours very truly, MRS. S. L.
EAST LOS ANGELES, Cal., Feb. 12, 1895.
THE VIAVI COMPANY— Gentlemen: I had suffered for fifteen years with retroversion, causing my lower limbs to be
almost paralyzed and the'whoie system to be out of order. My ailments were too numerous to name. I was very weak and
nervous, but, thanks to VIAVI, lam almost a well woman and the proud mother of a fine baby boy. I used VIAVI during the
term; had no mcrning sickness, atid the birth was rendered safe and easy. I would recommend all suffering sisters to use VIAVL.
I am, yours faithfully, MRS. C. L. S.
• ABERDEEN, Wash.. April I*> 1895
THE VIAVI COMPANY : I think it only just that I should tell you what VIAVI has done for me. 1 began the use'of the
VIAVI treatment on the 19th day of January, this year. At that time I was suffering from retroversion. I hac
called in a local physician twiC3 to place the parts in position, but they would not stay. I had also been suffering from painfu
menstruation for several months. I bought a three months' treatment from your manager and began using it at once I was so
very weak that 1 fainted away during the first treatment, but in three days I was able to be up and do the work for myself and
• husDanii. My menstruation has been natural ever sine? — no pain whatever. I feel strong and well now, so that I can do i
work — washing and all. lam willing you should use this testimonial if you wish. I am, respectfully yours MRS. J H
THE VIAVI COMPANY-Dear Sirs: For fourteen years I had suffered from diseases, fu^n
vaginitis, retroversion, terrible headaches, nervous dyspepsia and soreness of the spine. Was treated by many uhvsicians at dif-
ferent times, but derived no permanent benefit from any. In May, 18ir2, Mrs. H., after making several efforts uersnaded me to
use VIAVI. I was tnen suffering intensely with pain in the right ovary, and decided that it, and perhaps the left ovary must be
removed, as I could not step or even move without pain I also suffered greatly with bladder trouble, caused by misplacements.
After four months' treatment of VIAVI I was summed to find the bad symptoms all gone. This was two years So andThave
confidence now to believe that lam cured. Hoping this may meet the eyes of many other sufferers and induce them to rrv your
medicine, lam, yours very gratefully, Bluein MB.
THE VIAVI COMPANy-Gentlemen : Your remedy h.sproven such a godsend to m^aMwSh'tS^il^ case,
hoping that other ladies who read this will be induced to try vrAVI at once and be restored to perfect health and happiness, as
only this remedy can restore. For about five years I suffered with prolapsus and retroversion of the uterut I had to wear band-
ages all (he time, and was in a state of nervousness that made life burdensome. I have often prayed for death tn end it all I
thought there was no hope for me. A representative of the VIAVI called upon me and I procure? a box « * lh n r.l H- After
ping eighteen of the CAPSULES I felt so much better that I d,d not need tL bandages; KdhSS ne^ui'd* JheS"i. cc. lam
in perfect health, and enjoy life as I never thought possible for one afflicted as 1 was. I will answer all questions in Sto the
remedy - MRS. B.~A. H.
twelve years, one commencing in 1759, the
other in 1756. Also two other groups,
with twenty-eight - year periods, com
mencing respectively in 1756 and 1773.
These groups coincide with the times
when the giant planets, Jupiter and
Saturn, reach the mean longitudes of 135
degrees and 265 degrees.
The critical researches of Dr. E. Nau
man show a coincidence to exist between
the occurrence of the large earthquakes of
Japan and the thirty-three year period of
meteoric showers. The great ilumbol It
asserts the coincidence of the great earth
quake of Quito and Riobambo with a great
shower of meteors on February 4, 1797.
Of course these are but "coincidences,"
but what makes the coincidence? The
word "coincidence" does not dispose of
the facts, but it merely refers them all to
the same cause.
There are five earthquakes at night to
one during the day.
The conclusion that the particular posi
tion of the heavenly bodies may operate to
create terestial disturbances is, therefore,
no forced one ; and while old school geolo
gists may cling to the dogma that earth
quakes are solely due to the shrinking of
the earth's crust, it is certainly most re
markable that this shrinking should per
sistently manifest itself at regular periods
corresponding with the position and move
ments of the heavenly bodies! Scarcely
a day passes that there Is not some slight
shork in some portion of the globe. Not
of a degree approaching severity, but of a
faint character. It is a simple matter to
prove this. I give a cut and description
of a seismograph, or "earthquake re
corder," wjiich is exceedingly simple to
make and will correctly record the occur
rence of all shocks and tremors. It is a
heavy ball of metal suspended by a rod
and string; the lower end of the rod, which
projects below the ball, has a couple of
small shoulders provided with a vertical
hole, in which i; placed a needle free to
move up and down in the holes. The end
of the needle rests upon a piece of smoked
glass. The instrument must be placed
where all vibration of the ground from
passing vehicles in the street is absent.
F. M. Close, D. Be.
IT WILL NEVER SINK
J\ Rough-Water Lifeboat With Air-Tight Com
partments Fed by Self-/lcting Tubes.
As Safe as Thougk Sealed
in a Barrel
It often happens that when a vessel
founders at sea and the people aboard of
her attempt to escape in the ordinary open
boats they will be capsized and drowned.
To prevent this Robert D. Mayo of Frank
fort, Mich., has invented a lifeboat that is
non-sinkable as a buoy and which can
not be filled with water. In the practica
ble application of the lifeboat the people
who have left the sinking ship are situ
ated the same as if they were sealed up in
a floating barrel.
To accomplish this result many things
had to be considered, chiefly the air sup
ply and the stability of the vessel, so tnat
it would be sell-righting.
The Mayo boat is made of metal and has
air-tight compartments that will keep it
afloat even though water should get into
the other part of it. These compartments
occupy both ends of the craft, and a few
feet back of the bulkhead that forms
either of them is another bulkhead that
communicates with the interior of the
lifeboat by a valve close up to the under
side of the deck.
The lifeboat is built to stand high out
of smooth water. Above this water line
there are a series of air pipes tnat enter
the space between the two bulkheads and
allow the atmosphere to freely enter and
pass into the inner compartment through
the vaive. This valve is of the automatic
pattern, so that when the water rises
around the boat and fills the space be
tween the bulkheads to a dangerous height
it closes naturally and keeps the water
from getting inside.
The motive power of this vessel is no
part of the invention, as it can be fitted
with any of the numerous contrivances
for that purpose now on the market.
In case of the abandoning of a ship at
sea the crew and passengers are loaded
into one of th°se boats through an open
ing in the top, which is then closed and
fastened on the inside. The lifeboat is
then lowered in the usual manner and
turned loose. In case the boat is the last
one to leave the ship there are holes for
ropes to pass through, so that it can be
accomplished by the men on the inside.
There is a pump aboard that is capable of
ejecting any water that may come aboard.
When the Mayo lifeboat is in the water
and free of the ship all the inmates have
to do is to make themselves as comforta
ble as the circumstances will permit.
There is no possible danger of their getting
wet, »s th» waves can wash over the vessel
without causing any great inconvenience.
Even if it should stay under water for a
minute the people would suffer no danger
for want of air, as there is enough in the
vessel to last several times that long. As
soon as the vessel comes to the top again
the water between the bulkheads runs
out and allows the air valve to
open so that there is a fresh
supply of air in an instant. Snch a vessel
could be adrift in a gale for days and the
people inside of her be in perfect comfort
and safety. As soon as the sea goes down
the top can be opened and the shipwrecked
mariners be in the same condition as if
they were in an ordinary ship's boat.
A» well as making a good lifeboat there
is* no reason why the Mayo boat would not
be a success for long ocean voyages by
small parties. Equipped with a gasoline
engine and sails it could make good time,
and when very dangerous weather comes
up could be closed and allowed to drift
about until the gale had passed away.
To Extract Qold Without Water
The one great difficulty in the develop
ment of many gold field's in California and
elsewhere is the want of a sufficiently
great water supply with which to drive
the machinery necessary for extracting
gold from the ore or to utilize in operating
rich placer deposits. In t c southern part
of the State and in Arizona many dis
coveries of rich gold deDosits have had to
be abandoned on account of the lack of
water, and many inventors with more or
less success have exercised their in
genuity in trying to discover processes by
which water could be dispensed with in
extracting gold. A device invented by a
California mechanic, who is also au ex
perienced miner, has been tested on a
small scale wHh great success, and a full
sized model of which is now being con
structed by the Union Iron Worts.
The main feature of the invention is an
iron pipe of large dimensions, which is
bent into a spiral, forming a worm, eacu
convolution of which holds a charge of
quicksilver, not large enough, however, to
close the passage. The ore, previously re
duced to powder as fine as possible, is
drawn by a current of air through the
rapidly revolving pipe; the quicksilver by
this means is forced into a spray, which
takes hold of and forms an amalgam with
all particles of gold in the neighborhood.
In tests at recent trials with ore-bearing
sands from placers nearly every particle
of gold was recovered. Tests made with
the black sands from the seashore con
taining gold were very successful.
Photographing the Evje.
At a recent meeting of the Paris Acad
emy of Medicine M. Guinkoff stated that
he had successfully photographed the
interior of the eye. Ihe advantages oi
thie method are important, since it ena
bles actual pictures ot the disease of the
retina to be secured and compared from
time to time to determine whether dis
ease processes of the eye progress or not.
The picture is made in two seconds. The
apparatus can thus serve as an ophthalmo
scope, and any number of persons can
thus observe the results. — New York
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