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THE YEAR 1901 What Has Happened Once Will Occur Again— The Law of Cycles Five Years From Next December the Sun and the Planets Will Bear About the Same Relation to the Earth as in the Year of the Great Deluge The ancient Chaldean astronomer, Be rosus, wrote twenty-two centuries ago of the deluge and recited the positions of the sun and major planets at tbe lime of the cataclysm. Almost a similar position o; these planets will occur in December, 1901, and many people are of the opinion that some great cataclysm will then oc cur. What may we reasonably expect? All human knowledge rests on bnman experience. Ii it be proven that certain terrestrial phenomena have occurred when certain ultra-terrestrial conditions have ob tained it requires no argument to indue the belief that when similar conditions again take place similar results may be expected. No more, no less. Science, if it deserves its name, must be absolutely true and unbiased. The pedantry that disre gards natural phenomena is not science. The dictionary dehnes "cycle" as a "uniformly returning occurrence of the same event." Just now, for some reason (that may form the subject of future discussion), the popular mind is much interested ;n eye ie phenomena, and anything that offers ever so slight a clew to tbe elucidation of the mysterious working is eagerly accepted. Probably ninety-nine out of every hun dred human beings of average intelligence have an inborn conviction that, what has once happened will most likely happen again. Asked why such ideas are enter tained, the reply is, "I don't know." But, all the same, the conviction is present. Indefinite, vague, unexplainable, but — existing. The "cycle" is the expression of eter nity. "\V itbout beginning or ending." Modern science i:-, emphatically, mate rialistic. It takes cognizance only of wha pertains to the material universe and what is susceptible of measurement by weight and volume. The laws it recognizes apply only to matter, and it confines its re- Bffwches to the determination of material causes, so that every effect is measured as the result of a purely physical cause. For convenience we divide science into many branches, each pertaining to some one specially, as "astronomical science," the "science of chemistry," etc. Natu rally, there is a tendency due to such division, to narrow the limits of research, and consequently confine conclusions, with the result that out of 10,000 specialist investigators there arises but one philoso pher. The astronomer is, perhaps, the one most inclined to search for the key to cyclic phenomena. He witnesses the evidence of cyclic law in all his investiga tions. The simplest illustration of tbe cycle is found in the motion of the earth in her revolution around the sun. S leet any point in the orbit of the earth, and at the expiration of a period of time embrac ing 365 days 5 hours 48 minutes and 47.6 seconds the earth will have completed one revolution around the sun along the path of her orbit, and will occupy a like position in regard to the sun that she d d at the beginning of the elapsed time above mentioned. In the computation of time use is made of what are known as "cycles." The Dominical cycle is for the purpose of de termining the day of the week correspond ing to any given date. If is found that at the end of a term of 400 years ihe same order of Dominical letters and days of the week will return. A cycle of the sun de termines the order of the Dominicai let ters applying to the days of the ruonth and lasts during a period of twenty -eight years, when the same order returns. The lunar cycle determines the times of occur rence of the new moon and has the period of nineteen years, at the expiration of which begins another period of similar length, the duplicate of its predecessors. Astronomy declares that almost every heavenly body is governed by cyclic law. The motions of the plantts, their satel lites, the so-called fixed stars (there are no fixed stars; every star that, lor want of a better expression, is cailed a "fixed star," is, in fact, swiftly speeding through space at a rate of motion calculated in some instances to be a million miles an hour, yet so distant from us that, though a thousand years were expended in watch ing, it would be impossible in that period of time to detect any change in its posi tion), and airo the motions of some comets, are in cycles that have been deter mined by us. Because we have been unable to measure the orbit of each comet is no reason that we should say that any is exempt from cyclic law. The vastness of the orbit may exceed our finite comprehension, yet it is an orbit. Coming closer to home we observe many manifestations of cyclic power. In mat ters of disease and health the physician is well aware of the lorce of cyclic law. Fevers are distinguished by the periodic ity of their recurrence. Some physiolo gists declare that every seven years our material bodies are renewed. That is, tb* process of eliminating effete animal mater and the supplying of its place with new is gradually and constantly going on, so that at the end of tbe period of seven years our physical organism contains nothing that formed it seven years pre viously. It would be strange if with such forcible evidence b- fore ua, our brains were unten anted with the belief that past occur rences would be reduplicated. It will not do to relegate such imaginings to the land of myths and say such thoughts are nonsensical. Education and culture have not, nor will they ever, expurge such thoughts. The greater application the student bestows upon the phenomena of nature the more pronounced appears the truth ot the cyclic law. The development of intelligence but whets Hie appetite for knowledge. Tbe more we know the more we want to know, and Uiere is growing to-day an intense desire to learn what cycles are determin able, what particu ar occurrences mark the epochs and the probable times of tbe happenings. In other words, there is a strong tendency to break away irom the strict materialism of science, as science is interpreted, to leap, so to speak, irom the rock of exact science and take a header in tbe inviting surf rolling in from the sea of speculation. Science itself is not to blame for this condition. But some of its exponents are. In ministering to greed, the application of practical science has occupied their time and attention to the exclusion of wnat is pure science, which seems, in too many instances, not only to be ignored, but forgotten. The cyclic law is the "law of unrest." Everywhere the arrangement of matter is varying. The movements among differ ent portions, be the masses great or small, are constantly changing both in direction and rate. Look upon the sky at night time. Hither and thither suns and satel lites are rushing with motions varying ac cording to the attractive forces of other suns and other satellites encountered by each orb at various portions of its course. Alike in those vast bodies of cosmical dust; alike in the fantastic folds of those enigmatical, vaporous masses of 3telJar space, and in ail that sense is cognizant of, is lound the evidence of unrest. Trace downward in the oraer of size from these mighty masses of the sky, through all the intermediate shapes and forms of matter, until is reached the smallest atom wiihin the range of conceivable vision. Among all, in all, ruling all, in general and in de tail, permeating the universe, there is an unceasing redistribution of matter and un ceasing chan c of motion. Birth and death are ever side by side. The action iscvclic. From the utmost limits of the undenna ble space come particles of matter, drawn toward a common center by the unknown power. They coalesce to form a mass, the motion of each particle diminishing with the formation of the ag regation. Inte gration compensating the dissipation of motion. So were the stars born. Outward, toward unending limits rush other panicles, departing from some ag gregation undergoing disruption, in obedience to some unknown force. Disin te ration metamorphosing into motion. So die the stars. Fom out, beyond, come particles of matter, imponderable, immeasurable by the most delicate mechanical appliance, but nevertheless matter. For inconceiva ble lengths of time the process of gathering goes on, the converging streams at last forming what vision recognizes as a dimly outlined, almost impalpable mist. Men come and go, the history of one race and a^e becomes ancient, molders and is for gotten. Millions upon millions of years succeed each other, and the beginning lapses into the unknown; and then some eye views a dusty cloud where the mist was. The timepiece ol eternity marks the passing of the seconds of creation's hours with steady swing of pendulum, whose mighty sweep is all too ponderous for human recogn.tion. The dusty fog has coudensed into a nebulous mass. Thus onward with steady growth, so gradual that finite sense is too short-lived, and human history too brief to record a change, the aggregation advances to its coherence. At some period ot such a for mation our eyes may rest upon the then stage of growth and view the faint, misty cloud or tbe nebulous crust, or the splendor of the blazing sun. Every orb shining with inherent light was thus born. This process of integration goes on until a certain point is reached. It mu3t not be supposed, however, that tbe cul mination may be recognized by our feebie comprehension of time, but there is a time when the motion of aggregation attains its highest development — that instant when the power of aggregation is exactly balanced by the power of segregation. Thenceforward disintegration takes place. In obedience lo the same law of unrest, ihe cyclic law that sped each particle toward a common center, the aggregated mass was in motion from tbe instant of its conception. Each arriving particle transferred its direct motion to the gen eral aggregation, all these direct motions, arriving from all conceivable directions, compounding to form a rotary motion of tbe mass thus aggregated. Coexistent with such rotary motion is the tendency to disrupt. With the in crease of density of the mass the speed of rotation increases and with it the power of disruption grows until a condition is reached where centrifugal force is stronger than the cohesive qua.Uies of the mass, when from the spinning mass are thrown off partic.'es of matter, whose tendency to depart further is arrested by the attractive force of the central mass at the distance where the energy of expulsion becomes expended and whera the rotary force of disintegration is balanced by the direct i force of integration. (I say "particle" ; I do not mean that large masses are thus thrown off.) Henceforward each particle assumes an orbital motion, the many particles forming a zone or ring, encir cling and revolving around the parent mass. Gradually the articles forming the zone coalesce and in time a mass is formed which retains the orbital motion. This expulsion, or throwing off of particles, goes on until the reduction in size of the parent mass gradually reduces the velocity of rotation, and thus weakens and finally ends iis destructive tendencies. With loss of revolutionary motion comes loss of heat and consequent Jailing power of co hesion. Not speedily, as measured by finite cognizance of time, but yet surely and Ftendily, with imperceptible grada tion each riant of the universe fades and j dissolves back into tbe imponderability whence it came. Such is the birth, THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1896. such '.8 the death of every stellar system! With the inception of birth is compassed the beginning of death. The effect of motion upon matter i« the expression of cyclic law. It may be thusly formulated: Matter proceeding along a right line (i. c., direct line) is creative, Matter departing from a right line (i. c., curved, rotary, circular) is dectructive. To descend, so to speak, to phenomena near to vs — the events transpiring upon our own globe and witnin the scope of our own experience — the same cycling Jaw of unrest, of unceasing change, is manifest. In the development of civilization is ob served the formation of colonies by indi viduals coming from all portions of the older countries to people the new; the groups thus formed at the port of departure coalescing upon the new continent. We have thus a segregation of matter as resulting from direct motion as regards the oil nation; a;id, an aggregation of matter dissipating motion as regards the new nation. There is with all this yet another illustration of th? universal cyclic law. In addition to change of direction there is also change of form. In every change from an inherent to a coherent stale — i. c., from a more or less scattered condition of matter to a mass forming a simple aggregate, the different portions of aggregating matter cause varieties of con dition in the mass formed. No absolutely uniform process of aggregation bas ever been or ever can take place. The varie Mariposa's Harness for the Mystic Power CAMP MARIPOSA AT BROADHEAD'S OLD DAM ON THE MARIPOSA RIVER. The figure in the center foreground is Civil Engineer G. F. Allardt, while behind him to the left is Civil Engineer W. G. Lnckhard. Drawn from a photograph taken for The Call. in Mariposa the acre of the long torn, rocKer, sluice, pick, pan and shovel has passed away forever. The eaMly won gold from the beds, bars and banks cf the streams and pulches has petered out, and the more serious work of attacking the parent sources from which that gold came is now the order of tbe day. Quartz mines are being opened up in every direc tion, and with the systematic work that is necessary in gold quartz mining has arisen the demand for cheap motive power. A few days ago the Mariposa Electric Power Company was incorporated under the laws of the State of California. Its capital stock is $1,000,000, divided into 100,000 shares of $10 e*ch. The president of the company is Captain A. H. Ward of the Pinon Blanco mine, near Conlterville; vice-president, Charles T. Lindner, elec trical engineer; and the treasurer and sec retary is George L. Ecker. The other di rectors are Wallace B Taylor and Harold C. Ward of the Nevada Metallurgical Works, San Francisco. In addition to its capital stock the com pany is making an issue of bonds to the amount of about $500,000 for construction, and operations are now in progress. The romantic interest in all tales of the I submerged continent, Atlantis, i s as reat to-day as it ever was, and, curiously enough, what was once regarded as pure romance is now, in many quarters, regarded as historical truth. Many have thought that Plato's tales of Atlantis were fiction or at least legendary. But now the iid<? has turned and civilization itself 3eems to be turnirrg back for light to the old masters, and many things the western world used to think it had grown p&st are now com ing back as truths. In view of nil this it is interesting to recount some of the proofs that are now offered in support of the belief that Poseiaon was a reality and that once a wonderfully developed race of human beings inhabited an enormous continent in tne Atlantic Oc.an, longsince submerged. Ignatius Donnelly devotes much time and care to the presentation of testimony b« has gathered respecting the location of j tbe fra.m^nt, if not ihe whole continent Atlantis. First is the testimony of the sea, baaed upon the soundings of the United States &hip Dolphin, the German frigate Gazelle and the British ships Hydra, Porcupine and Challenger, which have mapped out the bottom of the At lantic Ocean, showing a great elevation, reaching from a point, on tbe coast of the British Islands southerly to the coast of I South America, at Cape Orange, thence southeasterly to the coast of Africa and thence southerly to Tristan d'Acunha. The various deluges are then taken up ami the civilization of the Old and New | worlds contrasted, together with the com plexion of the races. Evidence of Ameri can intercourse with Europe and Atlantis, traces of Atlantis in Genesis, the origin of the alphabet in Atlantis, artificial de formation of the skull, the pyramids, the cross and other structures the product of the Atlantean, all are dwelt upon and | handled in a masterly manner, and all j proving Atlantis as the center from which j they radiated. Colonies from Atlantis i entered Central America and Mexico, the Mississippi Valley, Egypt. Peru, Africa •and Ireland, along the banks of the Ania- i zon and the Aryan settlements. Many if not all of our grtat inventions were de veloped ia Atlantis, and we are merely rediscovering. iies beginning at the inception of the aggregation become more and more marked as the proceso progresses, the less heterogeneous is transformed into the j^; ore heterogeneous. Homogeneity bas notice in the universe. The word is a synonym for annihilation. In life, as we know it, definite varieties take their origin in minute differences of conditions and surroundings. In each of the various races, animal and vegetable, the various genera become distinct. Never were seen two human beings alike in all particulars. Never were seen two trees, one the duplicate of the other. Never were seen two leaves exactly alike. In the formation of nations from the va rious races of men the characteristics distinguishing the one nation from the other grow with the nation, and we recog nize the nationality of the individual with greater or less readiness of perception as the nation producing him is old or new. Again, in the nation itself arise class dis tinctions that become more prominent aa time progresses; each class becomes sub divided into minor classes, each char acteristically differing one from the other, and extending to tbe family group between the individual members of which are marked distinctions. The tendencies of all the subdivisions and multiplications of diversities is toward equilibrium of the forces of which ail parts of an aggregation are exposed, and the forces which these pans oppose to The objects of the company are to gen erate electric power by the waters of the Merced River and to sell it out to mm- - owners atvt others. The power plant is to be constructed at Benton Mills bridge, where the new road from Bear Valley to Mariposa crosses the Merced River. The situation is central and convenient and j the power supply will be easily available i for a large number of operative mines. It would be easy to make a list of thirty or forty mines within a radius of ten miles Irom the new power-house which are ali at present heavily handicapped by the ex cessive cost of fuel for steam purposes and to which the advent of cheap electrical power will be almost as important as doubling the value of the ore upon which they are working. In Mariposa steam costs at the present time about $12 to $15 per horsepower per month. The Mariposa Electric Power Company intimatet its willingness to supply con sumers at the rate of $5 per horsepower per month. Take a small mine, using 100 horsepower a month and costing, say, $12 per porsepower, or $1200 a month for steam power. Tho new company will fur nish the same for $500 a month, a saving A Mighty Nation That Sank in Mid-Ocean Before the Deluge Mr. Donnelly writes: If our knowledge of Atlantis was more thorough it would no doubl appear that in evory instance wherein the people of Europe accord with the paopie of America they'were botti in accord with the Deopie of Atlantis. It will be seen in every case where Plato gives us information in this respect as to Atlantis we find tbis agreement to exist. It existed in architecture, sculpture, navigation, engrav ing, writing, an established priesthood, the mode of warship, agricnUure, and the con struction of r< ads and canals; and it is rea sonable to suppose that the same correspond ence extended down to all tho minor details. Processor Huxley said in 1880: There is nothing, so far as I am aware, in the biological or geological evidence at pro-ent accessible to renaer untenable the hypothesis that an area of the mid-Atlantic or Pacific seabed as big as Europe should have been up lifted as high as Mount Blanc and have sub sided a?ain, any time since the palsezoic epoch, if there were any grounds for enter taining it Donnelly writes: We are but! beginning to understand the past; one hundred years ago the world knew nothing of Pompeii and Hercuianeum; noth ing of ttie linifual tie that bind- together tbe Indo-European nations; nothing of the sg nificance ol the r»at volumes of inscriptions on the tombs and temple!) of Egyp* ; nothing of the meaning of tho. arrow-beaded inscrip tions cl Babylon; nothing of ihe marvelous civiiiza:io is revealed in the remains of Yuca tan, Ajex'co and Peru. We are on the thresh old. Scientific investigation is advancing with giant strides. Who shall scy that one huii'ired years from now the great museums of the wcrld may not be adorned with gems, statues, arms and implements from Atlantis, while the libraries of the world shall contain them. When the moment arrives that such equilibrium is attained, growth ends and dec;iy begins. Be it star or nation, it ia the same. It is the tendency of a:l that is to, at some time, reach uniformity as the result of the subdivision and distribu tion of energy. It is the. law. Such uni formity is what we call death. Yet after death comp processes of renewed life, dif fering from the former life — but actual life. The cycle has no end. The mighty systems of space, aggregated from tbe invisible atoms, must in the course of time eqmlibrate their energies with their surroundings, thenceforward yieldin<-' to the process of disintegration, the beginning and the ending of the sys tem compassing periods of time immeae uraole by finite comprehension. Yet of such mighty masses thus disintegrating, no particle of matter but what, when libe rated from the aggregation by dissolution, speeds swiftly in direct line to aid the 'or mation of some new aggregation. The great cyclic law, the rhythm of "death from life, from death to li c," was, is and ever will bs. In the stellar orb, in the tiniest atom, in the nation, in tbe indi vidual,-the same cosmual law, the law of the cycle exists, governing all. What that is which, itself unchanging, eternally produces change is beyond the ken of human science — it is not for finite comprehension. It is the unknown power transcen> ing all human knowledge or con ception. It is illimitable — without meas of $700, or over $8000 a year, in itself a comfortable dividend on a mine that is not over-capitalized. In addition, there is the saving in many other ways. There are no tires to be monkeyed with in shut ting down or getting up steam. T.tero are no firemen's wnges, and at small ex pense the interior workings of a mine can be lighted as well as the streets of San Francisco ought to be lit after dark. The power by which the Mariposa Elec tric Power Company's plant at Benton Mills will be operated is the water of the Merced River, taken from a point about eight miles higher up, and known as the Broadhea-i o.'d dam. Here the Merced River Canyon narrows in and forms a sort of natural dam. Thence the water will be taken by ditch and Hume eight miles to the power-house. It is estimated that at the dryest seasons there is at least 10,000 miners' inches of water available, ami the fall is a ciear 225 tret. This is sufficient to generate 6000 horsepower in the dryest time of the year, while at other times, when the snow-water 3 from the upper Sierras are in the river, there is no limit to the capacity. The location of the Mariposa Electric Power Company's operations is translations of tbe inscriptions, throwing new light on all the past history of the human race, and all the great problems which now perplex the thinkers of to-day. Until very recent years modern science made no distinction between Lemuria and Atlantis, but since the appearance of Donnelly's book there is a disposition to be mote accurate. An empire which reached from the Andes to Hindostan, if not to China, mu3t have been magnificent, Indeed, and the more we learn of th.s mighty drowned nation tbe more is our priae in nineteenth century achievement wounded. Portions of Atlantis lie but a few hun dred fathoms beneath the Atlantic Ocean; "and if expeditions have been sent out from time to time in the past to resurrect from the depths of the sea sunken treasure-ships with a few thousand doub loons Hidden in their cabins, why should not an attempt be made to reach the buried wonders of Atlantis? A single engraved tablet dredged from Plato's inland would be worth more to science, would more strike th* imagination of mankind, than all the gold of Peru, all the monuments of Egypt and all the terra cotta frngments from the great libraries of Chaidea." It is millions of years since Atlantis first rose from the sea, but it is only 11,000 years since the island, opposite tho mouth of tbe Mediterranean, of which Homer sang and Piato taught, was drowned. Ancient classical literature is full of reference to this great country. Its posi tion and its magnitude were committed to ure or compass. Neither has it beginning nor ending. It is the cyclic law. It is apparent that all tbe phenomena of life is obrdient to the operation of evelic law. Yet how few people recognize such fact. To the great majority the mention of the word "cycle" calls up a host of speculative fears. It is by the ignorant associated with the foreshadow of coming calamity, and is by them believed to be "a cause ori -inating outside of the earth pro ducing effects in and upon the earth." Thfre can always be found some grains of truth in the popular rumor. General beiiefs do not rest altogether upon false hood, no matter how fantastic tuey may be. The sun-pots that mart the face of the sun increase and diminish in numbers and size with periodical regularity, cover ing a period of eleven years. Magnetic disturbances always occur upon ihe globe with greater force at the time of tbe maxima of sun spots. The giant planets, Jupiter and Saturn, reach certain positions with regard to the earth in periods cf twelve and twenty-eight years, and so far back as the records extend it is shown that earthquakes occur more frequently at the times when these great planets attain such positions The stream of meteors which the earth passes through every November is richer in one portion than in another and the revolution of the meteoric ring brines the richer portion in the earth's pathway every thirty-three years. F. M. Close. D.Sc. just alongside the northern border of the Mariposa grant. The surveys and preliminary plans have been made by Civil Engineer G. F. Allardt, assisted by W. G. Luckhardt, C. E. The report of these gentlemen is entirely satisfactory, and bids for the con struction of the power-honse and plant will be called for in a few days. In the meantime, work is in progress on the ditch and fltune. Captain A. H. Ward is now in New York arranging matters in connec tion with the company that require atten tion there, bat will return to San Francisco in ten days' time. The promoters of the Mariposa Eiectric Power Company claim that their power when completed will be tbe second lar?est in the United States. That, however, does not cut much figure, but this solid fact remains, just so soon as they turn on the power and stretch a network of wires around their vicinity there are very many valuable gold mines, that have been shut down for a generation, which will start up into life a/am, yielding treasure to some and work for blood ana sinew to others. Mariposa is not dead; she is sleeping. R. W. Wilson. the kee> ing of prose-writing, while the deeds and misdeeds of the ra es have been preserved in verse. Herodotus recordei the facJsof Atlantis; Pliny wrote j of it; even Plutarch refers to it, and there are many other so-called profane writers who have helped to keep its memory green. Even the night of the dark ages was not sufficient to dim its luster. But above all other writers, outside of tne wisdom-religion records of the East, Plato | stands out conspicuously as the fountain head, the source of information concern ing the continent and its mighty people. But even Plato has left us but a fragment. His story stop 9 abruptly, over which fact the whole literary world has mourned from the time of the wise Greek to the present day. Plato attributes his knowl edge of Atlantis to the Egyptian priests of Sfcis, who pomrmiriica-ed the facts to Solon, a relative of Plato, and from Solon, the great law-giver, the knowledge de scended to tbe jape Plato. There is reason lo believe, however, that this was simply a device resorted to by Plato to screen his own knowledge and wisdom, as it was dangerous to give out too much in his time, except under cloak of fable, allegory or alleged tradition. It seems, too, that Plato purposely confounded the island, or the last so-called remnant of Atlantis, with the great continent itself. Plato was a student or pupil of the wise Egyptians, who doubtless obtained their knowledge by direct succession from tbe Atlanteans, whose descendants they were, and "had not Diocletian burned the esoteric works of the Egyptians in 296, together wi h their books on alchemy; Caesar 700.000 rolls at Alexandria, Leo Isaurus 300.000 at Constantinople, and the Mohammedans all they could lay their sacrilegious hands upon," the world mieht know more to-day of Atlantis than it does. Tbe whole East firmly believes in the existence and high civilization of the At lanteans. which civilization was much greater than (hat of the Egyptians. It is the degenerate descendants of these A- Janteano who built tbe first i yram ds in tbe country. Concerning the pyramid*, it is stated that "'there are subterr^nran passages and winding retreats, w Ich men I skillful in ancient mysteries, by means of which they divined the coming of a flood, constructed in diff rent piaces lest the memory of all their sacred ceremonies should be lost." Tbtsfl men who divined the coming of the rloo.is were not Egyp tians, who never had any floods, except the per.odical rising ot the Nile. They were rather the last remnants of the Atlan teans—those race-< w ich science is begin ning to believe lived and breathed bef re the so-called historic period. Charles Gould, the well-known geologist, ?ays: ' Can we suppose thnt we have at all ex hausted ttie ?reat mu-eum o' nature? Have we, in fact, penetrated yet beyond iis ante chambers? Does the written history of man. comprising a few thousmd years, embrace the wiiole course of his intelligent existence? Or have we in the long mythical era, extending over hundreds of thousands of years ana re corded on tbe chronologies of Chsldea and of China, shadowy mementos of prehistoric man, handed down by tradition and perhaps trans ported by a few survivors to existing Innds from others, wtiieh 1 ke tbe fabled (?i Atlantis of Plato, may have been submerged, or the scene of some joint catastrophe, which de stroyed them all with their civilization? Modern research and effort have gone far to demonstrate the truth of Plato's siatements. and many are tho scientific writers who have added something to a c carer understanding of Atlantis; yet there are s< me who are skeptical or luke warm concerning the facts. But if one will take the time to ca-efully go over the facts and mass of proofs presented by Mr. Donnelly in his book entitled "Atlantis: The Antediluvian World," be can scarcely remain in doubt about the existence or rise and fall of Ailantis. In the present sketch one can do lUtle more than point out the mos>t important facts as gleaned from various sources concerning the an cient world thai now lies buried beneath the Atlantic Ocean. Tho!<e who are in terested in the small Atlantic island, its divisions into land and water, the places, the temples, the statues of gold, the foun tains, and springs, and baths, should read Plato's description: The military and naval establishments, the race courses and docks, theeardensand streets ali come in for a share in the de scription. The whole country was stated to be "very lofty and precipitous on the side of the sea. but the country imme diately about and surrounding the city wa«» a level plane, itself surrounded by mountain chains. * * • And the place was smooth and level and of oblong shape, lying north and south, 3000 stadia in one direction and 2000 in t c other. * * * They surrounded the plain by an enor mous canal or dike, 101 feet deep, 606 feet broad and 1250 miles in length." In other places Plato gives the entire size of the island of Poseidonis as about tbe same as that assigned above to the plain around the city alone. It seems then that one statement refers to the great continent and the other to the small remnant — Plato's island. The standing army of Atlantis is given as upward of 1,000.000 men; its navy as 1200 ships and 240,000 men. Such state ments are not applicable to a small island state of about the size of Ireland. Con cerning the people, he says: For many generations, as long as the divine nature lasted in them, they were obedient to the laws. They possessed true and in every way ereat spirits, practicing gentleness and wisdom. They despised everything but virtue, and thinking lightly on the possession of gold and other property, they were not intoxicated by luxury nor did wealth deprive them of their self-control. • • • But when the divine nature began to fade and became diluted with too much of the mortal mixture, they being unable to bear their fortunes, be came unseemly, losing their fairest and most precious gifts. Then a most honorable race becoming wretched, retribution follows. The early Atlanteans, we are told, were, like the Lemurians, from whom they de sceiided, giants, but smaller than the early, third race, Cyclops. It is probable that the Atianteans were early twenty-seven feet high and eight feet across tbe shoulders, but they gradually diminished in size. The term "Atlantean" must not mislead the reader to regard them as one race only or even a nation. It is as though one said "Asiatics." Many, multityped and various were the Atlanteans, who represented several humanities and almost a countless number of races and nations, more varied, indeed, than would be the Europeans were their name to be given indiscriminately to the five now ex isting parts of the world. There were brown, red, yellow, white and black Atlanteans. giants and dwarfs (as some Airican tribes art even now). It is from the Atlanteans that tbe early Aryans got their knowledge of "the bundle of wonderful things" mentioned in the Mababbarata. It is from them that they learned aeronautics (the knowledge of flying in air vehicles), and therefore their great arts of meteorograpby and me teorology. It ia from them that they in herited their most valuable science of the bidden existence of precious and other stones; of chemistry, or rather alchemy, of mineralogy, geology, physics and as tronomy. It is stated that the Atlanteans learned the secret and hidden laws of nature, and "the more evil among them used or mis used their knowledge for base purposes. It is even claimed that they had obtained the keys to some of the most arcane laws of magnetism and electricity, to which the X ray is as child's play. They may even have known of that most myste noaa force called "vril" Dy Bulwer. in fact, their knowledge bad risen to such a height that they were virtually gods, until some of them, by prostituting their powers to unworthy ends, became sorcerers and demons. Tnen comes the record of wars, bloodshed and ruin, cul minating in a great catastrophe, and the sinking of tbe continent, the elect of th« cations seekin-i other lands. It is of this cataclysm, the submersion of the great continent of Atlantis, that the old records say that "the ends of the earth got loose," and upon this catastrophe have been based the legends and allegories of Vaivasvota and Noah. Tradition, taking into no account the differences between sidereal and geological phenomena, calli botn, indifferently, "deluges." Yet there is, in truth, a great difference. Subter ranean convulsions destroyed Lemuria, but the end of Atlantiß was brought about by disturbances or shiftine oi the earth's axis of rotation. It began during the earliest tertiary periods, and, continuing for long apes, carried away successively the last vestige of Atlantis, with the exception perhaps of Ceylon and a small oortion of what is now Africa. It changed the face of the globe, and no memory of its flourishing conti nents and isles, of its civilizations and sciences, remained in the annalsof history, save in the sacred records of the East. It was several millions of years ago that the main continent of Atlantis ; embed, that is during the miocene p rlod, but it was 850,000 years ago that i:s famous islands ol Rvita and Daitya were destroyed, probably during the later pliocene times,' while amort* enduring fragment, Plato's island, or P>s"idon, did not sink until about 11,000 v- rs a .»n. __ i The growth o. the nails on the left hand ' j requires ci.ht or ten days more IfaftnthoM/i !on the right. The growth is more rapid' ■ in children than in adults, and goe3 on faster in summer than in winter. It re quires an average of 132 days for the re i newal of the nails in cold weather, and [ but 116 in warm weather.