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fflft Xf ran ' WEDNESDAY... .....DECEMBER 16, 1896 CHARLES M. SMORTRIDQE, Editor and Proprietor. SUBSCRIPTION RATES-Postage Freei Pally end Sunday Call, one week, by carrier.. $0. IB Pally and Sunday Call, one year, by mall. 6.00 Dally and Sunday Call, six months, by mall.. 3.00 Dally end Sunday Call, three months by mail 1.50 Dally and Sunday Call, one month, by malt. .65 Sunday Call, one year, by mall.. 1-60 W'UKIY Call, one year, by mall • 1.60 BUSINESS OFFICE: 710 Market Street, Fan Francisco, California. Telephone ....Main— lß6B EDITORIAL ROOMS: 517 Clay Street. •Telephone Maln-1874 BRANCH OFFICES: T27 Montgomery ttreet, corner Clay: open until f rr o'clock. tiP Hayes street: open until 9:30 o'clock. CIS Ixrkla street; open until 9:30 o'clocK. tv. .corner Sixteenth and Mission street; open tr.til £> o'clock. IMb iilßsion street: open until 9o'clooS. it,7 fcuabatnet; open nntll 9 o'clock. v Juaritei street, open till 9 o'clock. OAKLAND OFFICB: tiis Broadway. EASTERN OFFICE: Eooms SI and 32, ?4 Park I'.ovr, New Torfe City. DAVID M. FOLTZ, Eastern Manager. IHL CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL. Collis will not have a walkover. The Committee of Fifty takes the war patb. The street-lighting movement brightens everything. The next hig work should be the repave ment of Market street. The Committee of Fifty is prepared to see the funding bill bluff and call it. Every day of delay in Christmas shop pint; from this time on will be dangerous. The work of framing a new tariff has begun and fortunately California is ready for it. The next Dingley bill will not be an amendment on the old one but something different altogether. It looks as if same of the Senators were resorting to Cuban filibustering to delay work on home issues. Tom Watson is making a fight for a seat in Congress, but even if he gets it he won't sit down half the time. Burglars are bad, but after all they do not take as much money out of the town as the lottery swindlers. "Lone Green" Lawrence should send his friend Earp in search of Dunham and thus give him exercise and the town a rest. There is such a defect in the make-up of the Cuban sympathizers in the Senate that they always go off before they are loaded. The Grant monument is not all tbat we expected, but as it seems to be all that we were willing to pay for we must accept it and be satisfied. Fresno claims to be an epitome of all California, and what is more she points to resources enough to come very near mak ing the claim good. The Cuban League of the United States is composed of most estimable gentlemen and many of them are eloquent, but what do they propose to ao? The stockholders of the Central Pacific are opposed to Mr. Huntington's funding bill, but of course he cares for them no more than for the rest of the people. Willie Hearst and Long Green Law rence ha\re a crow to pick with one an other over Wyatt Earp's reputation, but as it is a very dirty crow they will find the job congenial. Holiday shoppers need not try to inspect all the stores in town. By reading our ad vertising columns they can see where the best bargains are and learn exactly where to go to be suited. The pursuit of Dunham at this season of the year must be so unpleasant as to make the officers of the law regret exceed ingly they were not more active when the summer time was with them. The election of Charles A. Dana as a vice-president of the Cuban League of the United States will probably save that or ganization from caustic criticism in the Sun for as much as forty days. The improved system of lighting pro moted by the Merchants' Association widens as it brightens, and there is a pros pect that before long the wboie central area of the City will have the benefit of it. The people will not complain much of Cleveland's hunting trip this time, for they know McKinley will soon be in office and they are willing the business of the country should be left for him to attend to. The first passenger train on the Valley road from Stockton to Fresno made the run on Sunday at an average rate of thirty miles an hour, and competition is now an established fact In the San Joaquin the monopoly is at an end. It is seldom we find anything to com mend in Senator Allen of Nebraska, but his indignant refutation of Eastern at tacks on the We*t was vigorous and truthful and will finti approval every where this side of the Alleghanies. Eastern reports concerning tie make-up of the McKinley Cabinet are becoming more definite, and the statements that Al lison is to be Secretary of State and Ding ley Secretary of the Treasury may be verified when the completed work is made public. The fight between San Pedro and Santa Monica, as well as that of the funding bill, is on, and Huntington has to defend himself at both points. The people have the chance therefore of beating him along the whole line and breaking up his mo* nopoly forever. The leeislators-elect of the southern Counties of the State have met and consid ered plans for obtaining legislation needed in that section. It is by such tactics that the south gains her ends in the State, and it would be well for the middle and north ern counties to imitate them. The advocates of the creation of a Na tional Department of Commerce have be gun work in Congress, and those who favor the establishment of a Department of Mines should combine with them and keep pace with them. Each would gain strength by the combination and be much more likely to succeed. A STUDY IN DEPRAVITY. When young Mr. Hearst adopted journalism as his profession and entered it as the owner and editor of the San Francisco Examiner ne had an opportunity to achieve greatness and honor and good repute which few men in the history of time have had the fortune to possess. He was the son of a United States Senator wno, in addition to his political prominence and prestige, happened to be a millionaire. He was a graduate of Harvard, the oldest and most famous of American colleges. He had been reared in California, where the contrasted consequences of engaging in accent and in uisreputable joarnalism had found former example. He was made by gift the owner of the Examiner, an already established newspaper, which if it had no particular character had yet acquired no large degree of evil repute. He was not put to the necessity of earning an income dishonestly by yielding to the temptations oi the impecunious editor or by engaging in the publication of anything which would tend to debauch and degrade the public mind. On the contrary, every inducement of decency, honor, ambition, pride and fame was present to urge the publication of a newspaper which should be a model to the journalists of the world, and which should exemplify in its daily issues those lofty ideals of which the high-minded editors of every country have dreamed and attempted to realize. What has Mr. Hearst done with his opportunity? How has he exemplified the ideals of his chosen profession upon the pages of the Examiner since he became its editor? What evidence has he supplied of a noble desire and effort to elevate and dignify the press of his age and country? What worthy and successful struggle has be engaged in to purge of its shams, impurities and follies the journalism of to-day? That he has hired brilliant writers and skillful artists no one will deny, and that he has expended a respectable fortune in the conduct of the Examiner upon its chosen lines is also too well known to admit of contradiction. What has Mr. Hearst succeeded in gaining by the aid of this aggregation of talent and with this lavish outlay of money ? Honor? No. Reputation? No. Dignity? No. The good opinion of men ? No. The respect of the profession? No. What, then? Nothing but the deserved notoriety of being the publisher of the nastiest newspaper on eartn. The case of young Mr. Hearst furnishes an interesting study in depravity to those who take pleasure in the investigation of abnormal mental and moral conditions. The problem which presents itself is this: Was the descent of Mr. Hearst to hitherto unsounded depths of journalistic depravity aue to a sinister strain in his nature, which led him irresistibly to attempt to mirror the vileness of his mind on the slimy surface of his newspaper? Is he by some recurring atavism wreaking upon society the ancestral taint ? Is he the victim of heredity? Has the youne man turned his face away from every inducement to an honorable career because his natural tenden cies toward evil have unfortunately been given rein by his father's gift of the Examiner? Can Mr. Hearst be decent if he tries? This is one phase of the psychological problem, but it is not the one which either charity or pity would impel the close observer of Mr. Hearst's experience to aaopt. The more reasonable theory and explanation of the young man's indulgence in de praved journalism seems to be that, like many another youth who has begun active life with large opportunities and plunged at once into the midst of a profession, he is the victim of association with that class of bright but unprincipled men who so often seize upon adolescence, when supplied with a goodly share of wealth, as their natural and proper prey, and who, finding young Mr. Hearst bent upon becoming a journalist, fastened themselves upon his fatness, where they have since remained. The most conspicuous example of Mr. Hearst's misfortune in the selection of assistants and a 'visers is the present managing editor of his newspaper, who is now widely and familiarly known as "Long Green" Lawrence. It is he who must be given the largest share of discredit for having dragged Mr. Hearst's newspaper into the shoals and sloughs of sensational journalism. It is to him that the brilliant writers and artists who have drifted into and out of the Examiner office owe little thanks for having compell- d their talents to the basest uses to which ability can be degraded. It is to "Long Green" Lawrence that Mr. Hearst should credit the repu taiiou which his editorial rooms have acquired as the nesting place of journalistic scavengers and scandal-mongers, and the dumping ground of that kind of social carrion which finds its natural place of deposit upon the desks of a depraved newspaper. If this latter solution of Mr. Hearst's descent into the depths of indecent jour nalism is the correct one it would seem to be an office of genuine mercy for some true friend of himself or his family to warn him of his danger before it is too late. Mr. Hearst is still young, and, it is currently believed, is not giving sufficient personal atten tion to the details and doings of his local newspaper to apprise himself fully of the depth of disrepute into which it has fallen and of the immeasurable injury not only to his adopted profession, but to his own personal reputation, which is being done by tne "Long Green' 1 manager who is iv local charge of his affairs. THE COMMITTEE OF FIFTY. The Committee of Fifty which has in charge in this City the fight against the funding bill has prepared to take an active part in the contest at Washington this winter. It will send representatives to the National capital to act for the people of San Francisco and California and to give every aid possible to our delegation in Congress in their struggle to defeat the iniquity. The meeting of the committee on Mon day was well attended and was a most bar monious one in every respect. It dis closed tne fact that the members of the committee are as resolute as ever in their opposition to the measure and propose to make their influence felt in the strugele for the welfare of the State against the greedy schemes of the monopoly. The report from Washington that the fund ing-bill lobby is sanguine of success has evidently produced no discouragement in the minds of the committee. They be lieve they can win and will fight aggres sively to that end. The sub-committee appointed to wait upo.n Senator White to discuss plans for making the fight for the people and em powered to select representatives to go to Washington to take part in the contest was well selected. It consists of Mayor elect Phelan, J. H. Barry and George K. Fitcb. These men can be relied upon to be vigilant, earnest and faithful in the work intrusted to them, and good results may be counted on from their efforts. It must be borne in mind that the Com mittee of Fifty cannot fight this battle alone, nor should it be expected to do so. The members represent the people in a hard struggle for popular interests against a great and powerful monopoly, and should have the cordial support and co operation of the citizens generally. The business men of San Francisco are as much concerned in the outcome of the contest against the funding bill as are the farmers of the interior of the State, ar.d onght to contribute liberally to the funds necessary to maintain a representative of the City at Washington so long as the measure is before Congress. As was said at the meeting of the com mittee by Mayor Sutro, it is evident that Huntington and his supporters intend to make a desperate fight to pass the nefari ous measure at this session of Congress, and it behooves the people of California to present a statement of the matter tbat will block his schemes and put an end to the outrageous measure forever. Now is the time to fight, and we must present such a front and show such unity of pur pose and resolution as will give encour agement to all the opponents of the meas ure imd rouse them to a determination to defeat the bill in whatever shape it comes. PRESNO'S RESOURCES. The address of weicome delivered by Judge Carter at the opening of th • citrus fair in Fresno gave a glowing statement of the resources of the great valley of the San Joaquin and of Fresno County in par ticular. This portion of the address was short, but is sufficiently noteworthy to deserve the full attention, not only of Cal ifornians, but of the Union generally. According to Judge Carter Fresno County is in itself an epitome of all Cali fornia. Few, if any, of the boundless resources of the State, he said, are lacking in that valley, or even in that county. He then proceeded to enumerate the giant fores>t3 of sequoia, redwood, spruce and su gar pine, the herds of cattle, droves of horses, flocks of sheep, the petroleum products, the natural gas and asphaltum beds, the deposits of chalk and of lime stone, of gypsum and asbestos and coal, the soil capable of yielding grains of all kinds, vines, fruits, berries and sugar bwtk The rounded periods in which the orator summed up this superb showing of the resources of the San Joaquin were not more eloquent than truthful. That great valley contains within itself a wealth of natural resources sufficient for a great kingdom. There is scarcely any form of fruit or flower, or any plant, useful, medi cinal or beautiful, which cannot b6 pro duced in a high state of excellence within the valley or on the slopes of its hills and mountains. Every form of industry, therefore, can be carried on within its limits, and every talent of its people can THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1896 find full employment and development in the work best suited to it. In any other section of the world a dis trict so rich as this would be unique. It would have no neighboring rival. It would stand alone anu be renowned and famous throughout all the country around it. In California, however, this is not so. Rich as are fhe resources of Fresno, so well portrayed by her eloquent advocate, they are not superior to those of several other counties of the State. There are many valleys in California that can with good reasons claim to contain each within itself an epitome of the resources of the State. In nearly all portions of this glorious commonwealth of ours there is a capability of the most widely varied and diversified industry known to man. Each of our greater counties can safely invite enterprising immigrants with th« full as surance tnat whatever may be their tastes, talents or capabilities it can find within its borders ful! employment for the best energies of every man who comes to it. THE CUBAN LEAGUE. The organization of the Cuban League of the United States by a number of men of well-known ability and influence will be received with no little gratification by the people generally. It is everywhere recognized that the time has come for the United States to take some determined action in putting an end to the prolonged war in the island, and since the Senate seems incapable of doing anything more than make speecnes it is well that indi vidual citizens should take the subject in charge and propose some plan for the so lution of the problem. Among those who are prominent in the league are many to whom the people can reasonably look for earnest action. Among t:iese may be cited Theodore Roosevelt, General Butterbeld, Colonel Fred Grant, Colonel Ethan Allen, Chauncey M. Depew, lioswell P. Flower, Powell Clayton, War ner Miller, Charles A. Dana and John Jacob Astor. These men are certainly capable of devising some plan for putting an end to the war, and as they represent all parties and are men of more than ordi nary influence, it seems fair to presume that whatever plan they devise can be car ried out. The league proposes to hold a great mass-meeting at the Cooper Union in New York on Monday night, and some of the leading statesmen in the country, includ ing Speaker Reed, Senator Cullom, Sena tor Morgan of the Committee on Foreign Relations in the Senate, and Congressman Hitt of that same committee in the House, are expected to speak. This meeting will be awaited with no little expectation. It may possibly turn out to be no more than an occasion for expressing sympathy, but the prospects are that the resolutions adopted there will formulate some plan which Congress may adopt and the admin istration put into lorce. Popular expectation of good results to follow irom the organization of the league is based wholly upon the character of the men who compose it. The men who have accepted offices in the league and made themselves r sponsible for its direction are certainly well aware of all the diffi culties involved in the problem. It is hardly conceivable that men of their posi tion and repute In the country would ac cept such responsibility unless they had fiisi welt considered now they could carry it with honor to themselves and accom plish with success the duties which it im poses. The resolutions which set forth the ob jects of the league give no intimation of what plans of actions are to be proposed. They go no further than to assert that the organizers regard the continuance of the struggle in Cuba as calculated to prolong a sense of abasement and humiliation in the minds of all who are confident that this Republic has the power to end it. It would seem, therefore, that these gentle men have tbat confidence, and the coun try now awaits to hear what they propose to do and by what means they expect to put an end to the war and establish the independence of the island. In its last edition the Park News, which circulates in Golden Gate Park every Sunday, says: "Believing that lottery schemes of any kind aro against the best interests of the people, and worked for the benefit of the few by fraudulent means, the Park News will in the future accept no such advertisements in its columns at any price." This gives us another strong ally in the koocl cause, but there is room for more. Every paper In San Francisco should join the movement, for all of them Know that lottery advertising is not only unlawful but is an enticement of swindlers and wholly fraudulent. Letters From the People. HAD A SIMILAR IDEA, An Alameda County Man Ttoea -Hot With to lie Thought a Flapiariat. To the Editor of the San Francisco Call— Sir: The article in The Scnday Call entitled "a Craft of Whirling blades" contains an idea so nearly like one which I myself thought out originully and worked up last summer in a story that I would like to simply notice the fact and have it go on record at once. As the story referred to was accepted by the Saa Francisco News Letter, under date of De cember 1, 189(>, for publication "in an early ißsue," presumably Christmas, it would be out of place for me to say more about it than that the title is "The Discovery of the North Pole," and the keynote the use of electricity. But permit me to say that, as I have Leen amus inff myself with the thought of my fancy sketch being possibly the means of rousing Interest in the idea susgested to the extent of some man's actunlly building and equipping such a vessel as I deserioe,.l am now cross enough to evin <ien? that I have a rival iv Warrington Baden-Powell, wnom I shall cer tainly challenge in-itanter! But all I really meant to s»iy is tnis: If you will be so kind us to give me the space, this note, written the day I first read the article on the other man's ship, and the word of several friends who read my story In manuscript In July or August last, will, 1 hope, Keep me from being charged with p agiarism when the News Letter uses my story. Yours truly. CHARLES P. NETTLKTON. Haywardg, Dec. 9, 1890. GRAY AND SILVER. 1 had a love: dart -haired was she, ■ Her eyes were gray ; For sake of her, across the sea ' I sailed away. ' • Death, sickness, tempest and defeat All passed m' by; With yean came fortune, fair and fleet, And rich was X. .. ... .•. Acaln for me the sun looked down ■ •" ■ Familiar skies; ' I found my love, her locks had grown Gray as her eyes. ? "Alas!" she sighed, "forget me, now No longer fair"; , "I loved tny hear:," I whispered low, " And thy fair hair." C. E. D. PhelPS. - ■ x - : SOMETHING OF \ CHANGE. Philadelphia Bulletin. Certainly there is a transformation that must bo stupefying to the grave diplomatists of the Old World between the tone of the Tory press now and a year ago, when we were re minded daily what a trilling task it wou'd be for Britain to blockade our ports, blow our sea board cities Into fragments and, if need be, repeat the lesson General Ross gave Madison In 1812 by burning down Washington over the insolent heads of the Congress that dared send tho Venezuelan affront to the British people. Yet it will be remarked that we have not, diplomatically or otherwise, done a single act toward repeutance. We have not, so far us official records show, modified one jot or tittle oi the Monroe doctrine. THANKSGIVING DAY IN LONDON The American Society in London celebrated the old New England Puritan institution "Thanksgiving day" by a dinner at the Hotel Cecil, says the London Graphic. Mr. Bayard, the United States Embassador, was to have been present, but an invitation to Windsor prevented this. There were present Sir Rich ard Webster, Sir Frauk and Lady Lockwood, Mr. and Mrs. Heury M. Stanley' and many President Cleveland — Sketched by Sir Frank Lockwood from Memory. others, including a large number of prominent Ameri can residents in London. Sir Frank Lockwood gave the toast of "The President of the United State*." He had lately experienced in company with the Lord Chief Justice of England the kindness, courtesy and hospitality ol the United States. The Lord Chief Justice and he had the pleasure of vlsit luk the President at his country home. Sir Frank Lockwood during the dinner made a sketch of President Cleveland from memory, which was published in the Graphic the fol lowing day and is reproduced here. NEWSPAPER PLEASANTRY. "All little girls," said the caller, "should have some kind of light work for their leisure hours. Of course you do something in that way, Susie ?" "Nit." "That's especially nice. So few children knit nowadays."— Jietroit Free Press. "Mrs. Higby, what was that bundle you had hid under the sofa when I came in 1" "Nevermind; you don't need to know just yet." "Great Caesar, woman ! Have you begun al ready to make me Christmas slippero out of my old Btraw hat ?"— Chicago Record. "I thought this road was for the benefit of the public, ' said the passenger on the trolley from whom the conductor bad lef used to take pennies. "You're mistaken, boss," replied the polite official. "Tue public is tor the benefit of the road."— Buft'alo Times. Icecream and cakes. Guillet's, 905 Larkin.* Open evenings for the exhibition of holiday goodi. Sanborn, Vail & Co.. 741 Market st. • Time to send your Eastern friends Town- Bend's California glace fruits, 60c lb. • FracTAL information daily to manufacturarv business houses and public men by the Prasi Clipping .bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery ' First Commuter— lt's a perfect little gem! It has been the ambition ot my life to buy a nice little place in the country. Second Commuter— Well, I once felt that way mysell. At present it's the ambition of my life to sell a nice little place In the coun try.—Puck. _ "Mrs. Wiualow'H Soothing Syrup" Has been used over fifty ytars by millions ot mothers for their children whlie Teething with per fect success, it sooihestUe child, softens; he gums, allays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regQlates he BoweU and is the beat remedy for Diarrhoea*, whether aris ing Jrom tee. bing or other causes. *or sale by drug gists in every part of the world. Be sura and ask lor Mr*. U insiow's toothing Syrup. 250 a botile. "Brown's Bronchial Trociies" are of great service In subduing Hoarseness and Coughs. Sold only in boxes. Avoid imitations. Aykr's Fill.', taken iv doses of one, dally, after dinner, admirably regulate the digestive and assimilative organs. Buy them and try them. FOR THE SAKE OF THE CHILDREN. 6an Francisco News Letter. California is at present being treated to the degrading spectacle of a mil lionaire groveling in the dirt for the nickels of the unwashed and tne unedu cated mob. We refer to Mr. Hearst and his method oi conducting the Examiner. The tricks resorted to by this most servile of newspapers have time and a S ain been laid bare to the public, the better part of which has long since treated it with the contempt it merits. The mob, however, whose hardened palates crave for offensive dishes in cne form or another, ana to whom blackguardism is wit and vulgarity a form of amusement, look up tow for the R arbled mess of slander, obscenity, falsehood and criminal statistics apoearing in its columns as news. Rebuke h*B followed rebuke, administered by "the respectable press of this City and of the State, but to little purpose. Aware of It* own shame, and preferring braggadocio to honest repentance, t&e paper is rapidly going from bad to worse and is now the most virulent cancer existing in our midst. San Francisco bears the reputation elsewhere of b«ing a vicious city, where vice exists unhindered and where moral corruption is bred in every class of so ciety. For this we have to thank the Examiner— the journalistic harlot of Mis sion street. The smallest crimes committed in this City are given precedence in its columns over the numerous acts of goodness and of charity perpetrated daily by our citizens. The views of criminals on unimportant topics are given more notice than the sayings of our worthy divines. T<U9 not only strikes the eye of the visitor from other lands, but it inculcates in the children of our laborers— who are the chief patrons of the paper— a desire to be vicious them selves, and thus acquire notoriety by walking in the path of vice. It is for this reason that we call on all respectable and God-fearing citizens to help U3 stamp this evil out before it attains further powr. The children are the makers of the country, and they must be protected from influences that will prove hurtful to them. By allowing their minds to be polluted by dwelling on the degrading literature and obscene cartoons favored by the Ex aminer we endanger not only their own future but that of our own fair State. Comrj»on-sense bids us call the halt; combined action will enable us to do so. HYPOCRITICAL AND FALSE. Pasadena Star. The Examiner has teen falking recklessly about papers taking subsidy from the Southern Pacific Company, and in some cases being supported wholly by it The Alameda Argus pertinently calls attention to the fact that no paper in the State has been so grossly subsidized by the same influence as the Examiner itself, and that its warfare against it did not begin until tbat subsidy stopped. The Examiner's pretense in this matter is wholly hypocriti cal and false md its crocodile tears relate to the loss of the s3o,ooo contract and not to any prickings of conscience. AROUND THE CORRIDORS. Miss Anna V. Bing, who has spent five years as a missionary In Japan, Is at the Occidental. Her home is at Delaware, Ohio, and she is re turning to her mission work after a protracted vacation. The lady is a missionary of the Methodist Episcopal church, and her particular lab<>r is to teach the young Japanese girls music, in MISS ANNA V, BING, Who Is Teaching Our Music to Japan ese Maidens. [Sketched from life by a "Call" artist.] the gh-ls' school, which is running at Naga saki. "The music oi the Japanese is so different from ours," said Miss Bing yesterday, "that for a time it was a question whether the girls could ever sing or play as we da "The Japanese have no musical notes, and their native instruments are so strange when compared with those of Europe and America that it seemed impossible that they would make any progress in our music. I had a hard task of it. One very peculiar thing to me was that there was no book written about music, no history of the progress of music, in the empire. No such a work had ever been written. "But while the Japanese wore not musical at all, from our standpoint. I nevertheless found that the girls learned rapidly. Since the Japanese have no notes, their music is given by ear. Their largest instrument is rhe koto. It is as long as a sofa, and has thirteen strings on it. Each string has a bridge of its own. And sometimes the player stops and changes the tune in the middle of his music. "The geiken is another queer Japanese stringed instrument, It is next in size to the koto, is double stringed and almost round, like a mandolin. It is played the same way, too. with a little pick. "The samisen is a three-stringed instrument, with a very long neck. Its neck is almost four feet long, and it is played with a very broad pick. Then there is a one-stringed instru mont, with a very small dox. All these stringed instruments are very peculiar, and each has peculiarities of its own. For instance, the big instrument, the koto, is played with two fingers. The Japanese never think of using all the fingers. "The girls at Nagasaki thought it so strange that we should use all five fingers in playing. Notwithstanding the use of the native instru ments, to which the people are accustomed, they are taking rapidly to the piano, violin, guitar and others of our instruments, and are also learning to sing our best religious and other songs. I think the time will come when they will adopt our music hs a system. " Miss Bine will sail on the Doric to resume her teaching of the Japanese maidens. PARAGRAPHS ABOUT PEOPLE. Mayor Haughton of North Adams, Mass., has given his $1000 salary to the local hospital. Sir Benjamin Richardson, the famous Eng lish physician who died recently, was cre mated. It is not unusual for the Duke of West minster's chanty bill to amount to $100,000 a year. Next to George W. Vanderbilt, the largest land-owner in North Carolina is Minister Ransom. Margaret Thomson, a granddaughter of the poet Burns and widow of Wingtite, the minor poet, has died at Glasgow. The original manuscript of Rossini's famous opera, "William Tell," was sold in Paris re cently by auction for £188. A London Daily Mail representative says the Queen has been a total abstainer from alcoholic liquors for the past three years. Lady Jane Harriet Swinburne, mother of Algernon Charles Swinburne, the poet, has just died in England at the age of 87. The Queen of Greece is an accomplished yachtswoman, holds a master's certificate, and is an honorary admiral in the Russian navy. The Queen Regent of Spain, who will soon have a motor carriage, will be the first Euro pean sovereign to use one. It will be known as an "electric victoria." Miss C. H. Lippincott of Minneapolis has the largest exclusively flower-seed business in the United States, she is the pioneer woman in the business, which she entered ten years ago. The Empress of Russia intends to keep as a souvenir of her visit to France all the bouquets and crowns of flowers offered xo her by the French people, mid has given orders to have them prepared for preservation. The Prince of Wales prefers strong and powerful cigars which cost half a guinea that are especia.ly made for him at Havana, being presented to him by Baron Ferdinand Roths child in lots of 10,000 at a time. Lord Mayor Fandel-Phillips of London broke down while introducing Embassador Bayard at a meeting recently, owing to the weight of his official robes. He sat down suddenly, took the robes off in the presence of the audience and was brought to with Mrs. Bayard's smelling bottle. PERSONAL. C. S. Shank of Seattle is in the City. A. J. Pillsbury of Tulare is a late arrival here. Dr. W. H. Cope of Pleasanton is on a visit here. H. Basher, a business man of Spokane, is in town. J. W. Houston, a mercnant of Portland, Is in town. Martin Schenck of New York is at the Palace. R. Lewis, a business man of London, is at the Palace. Edward F. Smith of Sacramento is a late arrival here. E. May, a business man of Portland, arrived here yesterday. 11. H. Broaie, r.n old miner of Leadville, is at the Cosmopolitan. W. H. Pyburn, County Recorder of Monterey, is at the Baldwin. Samuel Daggett. a wealthy horseman of New York, is in the City. L. W. Smith, the wealthy salmon packer of Alaska, is at the Russ. William H. Newcomb, a mine-owner of Silver City. N. Mcx., Is in town. Dr. J. M. Mussey of La Porte is among the arrivals at the Occidental. W. C. Van Sant, a carriage manufacturer of Columbus, 0., is at the Grand. F. G. Weller, a mining man of Butte, Mont., is a guest at the Cosmopolitan. A. Steuart, a business man oi San Luis Obispo, is a visitor to the City. J. B. Peakes, proprietor of the Yosemite Hotel, Stockton, is in the City. G. d'Ablaing of Ellensburg, Wash., is here, accompanied by Mrs. d'Ablaing. P. G. Hart, who owns several mining proper ties near Redding, is in the City. A. Abrams, a merchant of Reno, Nev., arrived here yesterday. He is ai the Paince. O. M. Francis, the old-time editor, of Napa, proprietor of the Register, is in the City. Phil Metscban of Salem, Treasurer of Oregon, is at the Grand, aceomoanied by his bride. L. L. Rogers of Norwich, Conn., is visiting the Pacific Coast and stopping at the Cosmo politan. W. Grosvenor, a wealthy mining man of Castieton, X. L». , is amo;;g the arrivals at the Baldwin. W. T. Root, a wealthy resident of Denver, is at the Palace, accompanied by his wife and daughter. H. M. La Rue, the State Railroad Com missioner, whose residence is at Sacramento, is on a visit here. Thomas B. Wells, a banker of Sonora, Tuolumne County, who has lived there many years, is at the Baldwin. Colonel J. B. Overton, superintendent of the Virginia City and Ooid Hill Water Works, is among the arrivals at the Russ. Major J. V. Landerdale of the United States army is at the Occidental, accompanied by Mrs. Lauderdale and their two children. E. B. Willis, editor of the Record-Union, and W. D. Pennycoofe, editor and one of the owners of the Vallejo Chronicle, are in the City. Jnmes Clark of Humboldt, Nev., who owns extensive cattle ranges and large herds of cattle, as well as horses, is a visitor here. L King of San Jose, an extensive mine owner, is in town making arrangements for his wedding tour and stopping at the Cosmo politan Hotel. J. W. Conant, formerly one of the owners of the Young America and Uncle Sam gold mines, not far from Redding, is a late arrival here. Mr. Conant owns other valuable min ing property in Shasta County. Dr. E. S. O'Brien, who has for some time been practicing hi 3 profession at Merced and who has been nere for the last few days, left yesterday for Rand.sbnrg. the new and boom ing mining camp of San Bernardino County, where he expects to locate permanently. Among the arrivals at the Russ is C. B. Thompson of Fort Mudison, Iowa; S. W. Wid defield of Brooklyn, N. V., and nine others from different parts of the country, who are here with the view of locating. They will visit Los Gatoii, Monterey County and other places. State Senator-elect W. F. Prisk, editor of the Grass Valley Union, is in the City. Mr. Prisk was formerly a reporter on the Sacramento Record-Union, and only three or four years ago went to Grass Valley and became interested in the Union. With one exception, he is the youngest man in the State Senate. James Dunsmuir, the millionaire coal-mine owner of Britisn Columbia, is at the Palace accompanied by Miss Dunsmuir and R. w! Dunsmuir. The Dunsmuirs own the preat Nanaimo coal mines at Nanaimo.on the main land oi British Columbia. They have at Vic toria the finest mansion in all the province. Ex-Governor J. H. Klnkead of Nevada, is at the Palace. The ex-Governor's home is at Virginia City, where he has for some yeors been superintendent of one ol the Comstock mines. Prior to taking the latter position and alter being Governor of Nevada, he served as Governor of Alaska. Hu is here to spend the holidays. K. Sugiyama, a wealthy owner in the Osaka Mercantile Steamship Comjany of Osaka Japan, is at the Palace, on his way home from Kugland. While in England he ordered six steamships built at the Clyde yards for the coasting trade in Japan. Most of the steamers of his line are engaged in the coasting trade, but the company runs Bteameis at Intervals to Korea and China. CALIFORNIANS IN NEW YORK NEW YORK, N. V., Dec. 15,-Theodore Michaelis sailed on the Bpree for Bremen. At the Manhattan— C. J. Ferrin; Continental— D. Q. Dixon; Normandie— Mrs.Woeffer. Mr. Stone and Miss Annie L. Stone left the Manhattan to sail tor Europe. Gabley— Babley, will you oblige me by ex plaining the currency question thoroughly to me? Babley— Certainly; that is, if you will prom ise to explain it thoroughly to me alter I'm done.— RoxbVry Gazette. SAFY WITH BISHOP SLEEVES Baby with his bishop sleeves is right in trie fashion. The epau.etio trimming, too, is up to date, but may be omitted tf a simpler gown is desired. White nainsook is the softest and daintieik fabric for infant's wear, but batiste an.} cam. brie nre less co-tly and probably wear tietttr Ruffles of batiste with tiny (.'inl.r >i ■ r a dots in pink or blue are dainty, and with a bit ol ribbon of thf> sume color lorrninc: bow- on tlif shoulder make a chnrming effect. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENT. Pioneer Woolen Mills— A. c. S. and s., City. The Pioneer Woolen. Mills nt Point, in this city, were shut down July •••• 1889. } ' The Palace— X. G. 1,., Oallahan, Siskiyoti County, Cal. The superstructure of the Pala*ip Hotel in San Francisco is wood, br.ck aj><\ iron. If your question refers to the chnra iem of the walls tne answer is that theyarJoM brick generally, with some ironwork. r Table CERtMONY— J. McL.,City. At a dinner where the host serves the guests need not wait until the lßst one is serve 1 before pbt taking of food, bat they should wait until two or three are served and then commence to eat very slowly, so as not to get through long before the last one is served. Appropriate to Christmas— A. A., City. Without knowing for what purpose the phrasa is to be used it would be rather difficult to "furnish a Latin phrase appropriate to Christ mas." If the correspondent will give an idea of what he desires this department will en deavor to procure the information. Whist— E. G. S., Livermore, Alameda County, Cal. The law of whist says: Any player may demand to see the last trick turned, and no more. Under no circumstance* can more than eight cards be seen during the ilay of a band, viz.: The four car J.i on the lable which, have hoc bee a turned ami quitted and the last triclc turned. Public Lands— J. F. S., City, A person wish ine to obtain information about r>ublic lands should make application to the United States Land Office in the section in which the land is located. For $1 the Kegisirnr will forward a plat of the land open to pre-emption. For in formation about school land application should be made at the office of the State Super iutendentof Instruction at Sacramento, either personally or by letter. A Ballot— A Reader, Durham, Butte County, Cal. This department does not propose to settle election bets. The figures must speak for themselves. The tickuc marked in the manner described ought not to have been counted, for it certainly came within the pro vision of the law which declares that no voter shall place a mark upou his bailot so that it can afterward be identified. The j.idges who passed upon it cannot have htid any evi dence to show that the voter who placed the crosses where he di.l aid not do so to prove to some one who would be present at the canvass that he had voted as he promised to. On a Wae Footing— A. U, Stockton, Ccl. Trie following figures show the strength of the rations named in case of war: Germany: Army— 4,643,432 men, 178(580 horses, 3470 guns; nayy — 304 vessels, 1009 guvs, 18,354 enlisted men and 37,000 nnval reserve. Kus sii: Army— 4.988.634 men, 298,397 horsf k. 3204 guns; navy— 2s(s vessels, 1790 gin 42.874 enlisted men, 45,000 naval rese-v f France— 2,907.077 men, 195.141 horses, 4:'».t; guns; nnvy— 471 vessels, (5230 guns, 79.400 men and 87,000 naval reserve . England — 6(52,000 men, 59.500 horses (596 guns: navy— 577 vessels, (5403 guns, 66.803 men and 80,000 nnval reserve. Italy— l,o9B.Bßo mon, 62,400 horses, 1852 guns; navy— l 69 vessels, 22,91(5 men and 18,000 uaval reserve. AustriH- Hnngary— l,47(s,ol7 men, 108.!)60 horses, 2724 guns; navy— l2s vessels, 806 guns, 13, -684 men and 9000 naval reserve. Treaty of Queretaro— F. A. X., Grass Val ley, Nevada County, Cal. The treaty of Quere taio is the treaty of peace, friendship, limits and settlement between the United States and the republic of Mexico, dated at Guadalupe Hidalgo, February 2, 1848, ratified by the President of the United States March 16, and proclaimed by President Polk July 4 of that year. The treaty was signed by Nicholas P. Trist, representing the United States, ana Don. Luis Gonzaga, Don BernarJo Couto and Don Miguel Aristani, representing Mexico. It pro vided for the final cessation of the hostilities of the Mexican War, and the United States agreed to withdraw its troops from Mexican territory. The southwestern boundary of Texas was fixed at the Rio Grnnde, as the United States had claimed. New Mexico and California were ceded to th© United States, for which territory the United States was to pay the sum of $15,000,000 mid assume the "payment of c.ar.ns of citizens of the United States against the republic oi Mexico, amount ing to $3. 250,000. NEW TO-DAY. With Royal Baking Powder, your cake is i always a success and good materials are never wasted* Low- grade powders, besides containing alum and lime which make them unwholesome, are extravagant, for they often spoil the cake, and the materi- als of one spoiled cake cost more than a month f s supply of ab- i solutely pure Royal Baking Powder* ROY4L BAKING POWDER CO., NEW-YORK.