Newspaper Page Text
amusing Stopy of a Purloined Idea.
a FeW Suggestions for the Benefit of "Willie day Wurst" of the NeW York Charnal. Une week ago the Examiner, like Silas Wegg, "dropped into poetry." One of its bright young men was instructed to "make a page of it," and as he was paid space rates, he readily complied. The work was easier, because the Southern Pacific Company's "thirty thousand dol lar beauty" was merely revamping an idea which was not new, and because, in its de sire to divert attention from its "Long Green," anythine would go. Therefore the young man who "had the poet detail" waded boldly in, equipped with a copy of the New York Press of Sunday morning, October 18, 1896, as a mentor and adopting a gas-meter for his versification. As he toiled ho gleefully thought of the "soft snap" he had struck as a poet for a "day detail." Infinitely easier than writing up bogus "statements" by Wyatt Earp, as some of the members of the staff had been compelled to do, the THE EDITOR OF THE NEW YORK "CHARNAL." [From the New York Press.] p.ay ; was also proportionately better. Along the poetical horizon, proceeding at easy canter, as might have been said at •the, horse show, Pegasus looked cross-eyed ;et the performance, passing in silhouette. | ]: The theme of the "write-up" was the airship, and incidentally some prominent ."citizens were harmlessly, ridiculed. The ;iitle of the production was "Things You See When Out Late." A better title would .have been, in view of the name which the Examiner has justly won as "the $30, 000 beauty," something Ijke "The African in the. Woodpile," or "Hot Stuff, 1 ' the allu sion in- the last-suggested title being the •'stuff which is "Long Green." • Sing a song of sixpence, • Poet full of "rye," ■ *- ■ Six and twenty articles - \'-' . C ' Knocked Into '-pi." When me sack: Is opened "Long Green" will sine: . - .. "Space-writers dashed, me boy; •' - ';' " ■sins' stories ara the thing." aHow a Light-K,eepep Rowed Though Jl\r. San Pedro Man Who Participated in a Famous /\ttempt to Gross the /Ulantic in a Balloon With a ]pair of Oars. A San Jose man's recent story about going to Honolulu on a flying-machine has been much derided, yet thirty years ago an aerial trip from New York to Eu rope was regarded by eminent scientists aa practicable. Such an attempt, which was probably the most brilliant of its kind ever made, was participated in by George V, Shaw, now lightkeeper at Point Firmin lighthouse, near San Pedro. The trip was planned as an experiment to verify the theory of Professor Wise, who held that there were continuous air cur rents over tbe Atlantic between the United States and Europe. He maintained that at a certain height the current moved in one direction, and at a different elevation the air was blown the other way. Accord ing to this theory a balloon could be made to move either way across the At lantic by simply keeping it at the right level. It was planned to have a big balloon and to that end Professor Wis* contracted with Goodsell Bros, of New York- to supply one of twilled silk with a capacity of 600,000 cnbic feet of gas. The balloon was made of material similar to cotton muslin instead of silk, ana when the makers brought it ■to Prospect Park, Brooklyn, for Professor Wise's inspection i he complained of the material but agreed to accept it if it would stand inflation. Accordingly great preparations w«»re made for the etarting of the voyage. The balloon was to carry directly beneath it a circular canvas bouse 12 feet in diameter and 7 feet high for use in scientific ob servations. Suspended next beneath was a wicker basket for the passengers and next under it was a complete lifeboat fitted for navigation anywhere at sea. Shortly before the day for starting in quiry was made for a man who would go with the party and act as navigator should the strange craft sink to the ocean. In tLis way bbaw came to be chosen. "There were five of us who were to co on the air passage," said Mr. Shaw to the writer. "The party comprised Professor Wise, Professor Donaldson, anothei well known aeronaut, » scientist from Wash ington and a reporter for the Daily Graphic. Many newspaper accounts of the expected voyaee were printed, hut at my urgent request my name was omitted from them. "On ihe day we were to start there were probably 20,000 people grouped about the queer craft, notwithstanding a lliph ad mission fee, and thousands more looked on from trees and housetops. "Tbe inflation of tbe huge sack was begun, common illuminating gas being used. Tons of canned goods more than we cotfld carry had been contributed. The outfit includfd a ca#e of carrier pigeons, Cmong which was the then celebrated Mrecord-breaking bird 'Ariel.' There was a Supply of rubber floats to be dropped into ti,e sea where they might be picked up by passing ships. "As the inflation progressed 200 men, aided by lines' attached to forty tons of Handbags, held the captive balloon, but when it was only three-fourths filled there camera sudden puff of wind which caused In some unaccountable way the able poet who was engaged to write up the airship for the Examiner, while ha was dreaming of his expected "castles in Spain," forgot to put into print for the benefit of the readers of the "Monarch," some of the meters which he found in the New Yors Press, which served as a model. Now, the New York poet was away up in his business in some respects. His use of meter can perhaps be as well illustrated by a gem wnich, in his farce-comedy, is supposed to be sung by Boul-Yon, a capi talist, a disguise adopted by Willie Jay Wurst, a youthful prodigy, owner of* the New York Charnal and speculator in cock roach farming. This little gem is given to show that the Examiner poet held back something of the original, which the read ers of that paper, more than any one elsti, would thoroughly enjoy. Here it is : SONG I am tbe owner of tbe New York Charna!— Drool— drool— drool, I drool! Sponsor for all unclean and carnal— lllsb-cum-bubl'le and a bul alow reel! I've got the rocks to keep well oiled. And to knock the wool off the Thieving \V oiled! I'm a-hustling around in a bellowing sweat, And I'll get in the cockroach jet, you bet ! I've forty-eight freaks on every page- Drool— drool— drool. I drool ! You'd scarce expect it of one my age— Bish-cum-bubble and a bull slow reel! I wallow all around in print each day, I've got a circulation tbat's a pure give-away! I'm cutting: a swath, well, I should shoot ! ior mamma doesn't know that her Willie boy's out! (He falls in a trance, but manages to secure his false beard and crawl to one side, where he lets loose a carner-plgeon for the Charnal office with a slxty-eigbt-column story of a liverless camel that whistles, "Come, Biay With Me!" through us ears.) Of course, the poet, in view of the "sack" the great bag to collapse. This at once ended the undertaking, and the would-be passengers stood there in the midst of that crowd looking about as sheepish as men well could under such circum stances." But this failure stimulated Shaw in a fancy that an airship could be made ROWING THROUGH THE AIR. practical if only the balloon principle were combined with that of a motor. "Experimenting along this line," said he, "I constructed a working model about thirty feet in length. There was enough balloon about it to make it float, or nearly so. It was cigar-shaped, with a lifeboat underneath. Extending up from the center was a shaft on which wa^ a screw propeller to be u-;ed to elevate or depress the craft. The advance, or horizontal THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1896. which he expected to drawdown as pay for his useful space story, could hardly be expected to represent tbe thinly disguised proprietor of poets as openly confessing, in the language of the refrain: Drool— drool— drool, I drool, Nor to cause him to say "I wallow all around in print each day" for fear there would be "more truth than poetry" in sight; but, really, the public are entitled to this metrical exhibition, and so The Call cheerfully supplies the omission. There were other gems in the New York Press drama which will be appreciated here. One speech, by "Boul-Yon," other wise "Willie Jay Wur'st," is characteristic. An extract from the drama, which really contains "more truth than poetry," is re produced from the New York Press, as follows: Boul-Yon— Ahem! My dear sirs, I trust you will remember thnt I am actuated by no de sire for personal gatn. My sole ambition is the good of tbe Naiion. All I wish is to assure myself of your hearty co-operation in my efforts for the amelioration of the poor labor ing man. All— Sure ! Boul-Yon— That is to say, what I want is noise! The laboring man needs to be im pressed with his wrongs. He must get rousea and excited about something or other. Now, suppose we touch him up on the currency question. He thinks he understands that, you know. I'll furnish a talker, and you swear by everything he says. Make 'eni listen. Cram what he says down everybody's throat ! Choke the ones who won't pay attention! I'll fix it with you. Beet All— You bet! Bwill-Man— When'i the hollow to begin? Boul-Yon— On, that's all fixed. Anoth°r hiatus on the part of the Ex aminer's day detail poet is also painful. The following, also from the New York motion, was obtained by a screw propeller attached to a shaft extending to the rear. This shaft could be readily bent horizon tally so as to give steerage. For a motor I operated the model with a powerful spring, wound like o'ie in a clock. "I tried the model in a large building. When wound it would run for fifteen minutes, bumping against the walls and roof in. an animated style. I found it would cost me $30,000 to build an airship for practical use on this plan. I presented the case to General George B. McClellan, who gave me a hearing, but was so busy with his New York dock contracts he could not give it further attention. Peter Cooper, founder of t lie famous institute that bears his name, displayed evident in terest iv it and declared lie would like to Press, could have been worked in to ad vantage, to the delight and edification of all California, where there is a cultivated fondness for excellent portrait work: I was hatched of a hungry kite! . I live on liver and fly by mgnt ! Watch me chaw up the whole blame town! B.ft! bur-r-r! Hold me down! I'm a yelping wolf of tbe rocks! I can wallop 'em in my socks ! I've had a meal ot a raw papoose! Whop! Whack! Lenime loose! I'm tbe son of a howling blizzard! I've got poet marks on my gizzard! I've learned all their names verbatim! Zip! Bang! Lemme at 'em! There are so many episodes in which the proprietor of the New York Charnal and- tbe San Francisco Examiner has figured that the muse, even a "day detail" muse, need not have been at loss for themes. Appended are a few suggestions fur nished by a contributor who courts the muse at a distance: "Willie Jay Wprst" sings: lam happy In my dealing* - With the majses. • I'm a check I hey think on stealings— ' •■ They are asses. ,.; I chink thirty thousand dollars. While "reform" I loudly hollers;' I've a stock of S. P. collars " .- '• ■ And some passes. . I've a knife put up my sleeve for Pasadena. I've a cyclone they will grieve for. 'Twill be keener Than a knife; for, though I'm faktng, On their marrow bones they're quaking. Though my blackmail undertaking Left me leaner. The "sack" is all busted; All ragged ana tattered; And Collis no louger will rill it with "tin."' JS— •rp's' blunderbuss rusted Will mend what is shattered. And its fame will suffice to scare more shekels in. For stories salacious Come uicKeis. by gracious! And what if ti.ey i;n nipt tbe young people to sin? Take in u id. -r. foul scandal, The acts of v vandal; Ob! welcome are they, for they bring shekels in! Hurrah for sensation! Hurrah for all evil! Hurrah for whatever c»u infamy win! iiurrah for my papers! Hurrah for lUe devil* Hurrah for all tnin-s that can bring nickels In! Danger irv Luxury. The installation of electric illumination in old English mansions and castles built after the fashion of ages ago is apt to be attended with disaster. It is impossible to foresee all the dangers that may lurk in well-seasoned timber, for have not we been warned about putting new wine in old bottlesj And the utmost care must be taken by skilled electricians even where ail is plain sailing. Blenheim Palace is the latest sufferer from this infusion of too much blood into ancient veins. Not many weeks ago one of the rare old Elizabethan mansions be longing to a great English family was ut- terJy destroyed from this same desire to i be up to date en the part of its owner. I Given time, the electric wires and fur- '■ naces will succeed in wrecking ail the fine ' old residences in Great Britain, for man is now an effeminate creature, only -wish ing to lie in tbe lap of luxury. A fig for cold rooms and wax candles. — .Boston Herald. It is not generally known that at one time the vergers were instructed to shoot pigeons at St. Paul's, London, to keep down their numbers. They were shot from the steps at the western front of the Cathedral, when the area before these s*eps was .inclosed. This was put a stop to thirty years ago. take hold of the matter, but was too old. I finally had to give it up, but I have in sisted to this day that my plan was a prac ticable one. "Did I ever try any other scheme for air navigation? No, not on a large scale. But I did make an aerial velocipeae which operated surprisingly well. It consisted iof two cartridge - shaped balloons of oiled silk, kept in position by ash frames and properly inflated. The ouoyant power was barely sufficient to lift the ap paratus and one's weight. The conical ends pointed in opposite directions, and the two balloons were kept a few feet apart by strong connecting pieces of asn. Between the ash pi ece s was arranged a seat and footrest. This apparatus would support one in the air and only the means of locomotion were lacking. This lack I supplied with oars, which prac tically made the craft an aerial row boat. In order to get the desired re sistance on the oar?, 1 made them like huge fans, consisting of a strong light framework, covered with silk. I fast ened the oars in the rowlocks so that I would not los 9 them. My scheme was to propel the craft in a forward direction, which would make it necessary to push on the oars instead of pull ing on them. It would also be requisite to 'feather' them carefully so that after one push I could without much resistance re cover them in position for the next push. To get an upward or downward motion I would only need to turn t c oars at a sh^ntly different angle when pushing them. By worlcing unequally on the two oars I could turn to the right or left as I degired. These were the movements by which I believed I would be able to navi gate the craft. The test verified my tneories. "One bright afternoon when there was no breeze to interfere with operations I took the velocipede to Central Park for a trial. Hundreds of people watched opera tions. When everything was in readiness^ even to a small locker of provisions which I carried, I took my position in the seat, grasped the oars and prepared to leave terra lirma. I thought to myself the re sistance of the big fan-like oars against the air would be slight, and accordingly I gave them a very strong push. The result was gratifying, yet startling. "The idea of rowing through the air worked so well that lat once determined to begin manufacturing the new craft. I planned that wifliin a month I should have the air velocipedes on the market and be able to sell them lor $300 or less apiece. "One day, soon after the successful trial of the machine, I met Professor Wise and told him of my proposed manufacturing scheme. " 'Don't do it,' said he. "'Don't do it? Why nolT said I in amazement. " 'If you manufacture snch a craft,' he explained, 'ail the young scions of the no bility and other sons of wealthy parents will buy them. The ease with which the maohines may be propelled will tempt the boys to racing and all other kinds of fast flying. The first you know some of the reckless ones will have a midair collision, their machines will break, there will be a great fall and somebody will be responsi ble for one or more lads' deaths. Do you want to assume such a responsibility?' "These declarations of Professor Wise impressed me so strongly that I made up my mind 1 didn't. W. R. Greenwood. There are in Paris 8000 women who are in. ads of inercuniile houses. <Nuggets of Gold in Jlretie Seas of lee. Eventful Career of a StalWart Pioneer of Our Territory in the Land of the Midnight Sun. Joseph Juneau, the founder of Juneau, Alaska, and" who has had one of the strangest and most romantic careers of any man perhaps on the Pacific Coast, is in the City. Mr. Juneau comes of a race of town-builders and trail-breakers. His uncle, Solomon Juneau. founded Mil waukee, and other relatives have been conspicuous in opening the country for a distance of 4000 miles. Mr. Juneau is of French-Canadian stock. He was born at Montreal and has been on this coast forty-five years. Some of his people before him were famous hunters and trappers, belonging to the Hudson Bay Company and the American Fur Company. Yesterday this strange pioneer, who, oddly enough, yet speaks a language strongly indicative of his French blood, talked of himself and the gold mines with which he had "bean connected. "When I was 20 years old," he said, "I left Montreal and came direct to Califor nia. This was in ISSI, at a time when there was a great rush to the gold fields. The first mining I did was at Downieville. I remained there well on to two years and made considerable money. Then I came down to San Francisco and went across tbe bay to where Oakland is now and bought a farm of 220 acres. It was be tween San Leandro and a place then called San Antonio. Most of it is now covered over with big buildings. I stayed there and farmed nine years, raising grain principally. • "After that I put in in all nine years in Montana and made about $20,000. "Then, in 187-4, I concluded I would have to strike out to a new country, and I went up to Alaska. That was very early, and the country had not been prospected even along the coast. I set to work and I found gold. It was tbe first gold that had ever been struck in the Territory. I found it at a place called Shuck, eighty miles from Fort Wrangel, en the river of that name and near the bay which bears that name. It was at a point about half way between Juneau and Fort Wrangel. Bat I only made three or four dollars a day mining there, and I wasn't satisfied with it; so, the boom in Cassiar coming on, I went there. I stayed there five years; but I wasn't lucky. I didn't do much. I made enough to live on and get around on but no stake. "In 1880 I went back to Alaska, this I time going to Juneau, and there I found ! the rich placer and quartz mines which j have made the country so celebrated over I the globe. They were the mines of the Sliver Bow basin, a few miles from | Juneau. I started to work oa these | mines and founded a town. "I was fairly fortunate at Juneau, for I I made about $40 OOQ there. Of course, I | didn't k-ep it all, for it's hard to live in a | country like that and not let your money j go. Living is high and everything you do | takes cash. "When I sold out .in the Silver Bow Basin I went away up the Yukon River. This was two years ago. I went to Circle City, the far northern camp, which lies inside the Arctic circle, and where you can see the sun all the time in summer. This, though a new camp, is a great one. There is a wonderful amount of gold there. The only difficulty is. the climate — it is so Photographing Through a Beetle's Eye. Wonderful Effects Produced by Its Use as a Lens— A NeW Field for Scientific Exploration. The marvelous feat of taking a photo graph through a lens composed of a beetle's eye is the achievement of which Dr. G. F. Allen of Aurora, 111., can boast. The result which is pictured in the ac companying illustration is that a separate outline of the image at which the camera is directed is seen on every one of the hundreds of facets which are part and parcel of the eye of the insect so familiar to us all. This is the first instance where anything of the sort has been accomplished. Here tofore there has been any quantity of theory but a great lack of practice. Now we have tbe practice in the most convinc ing of forms — a photograph. It all came about through a curious statement made at a meeting of the British Scientific Asso- BEETLE'S EYE — A MAN'S SILHOUETTE IN EVERY FACET. ciation, at which W. M. Stine of the Armour Institute of Chicago called atten tion to a very curious and interesting lantern-slide in his possession. During a discussion of the properties of the .Roent gen rays, a leading scientist suggested that ascertain insects had eyes seemingly un adapted to see by ordinary sunli ht, they might visualize by means of the X rays. Now ii v/aa held by a number of the savants in attendance at the association that the X ray could hardly be termed an incentive to visualization. So warm did the discussion become that it was finally decided to make a genuine test with the eye of a chosen insect, and it is the result of this decision that proves one of the most interesting feats ever accomplished by means of that great aid to science, the j camera. Dr. Allen of Aurora, 111., is one of the] cold. If we had a climate like California it would be a good deal richer country than this. But even in summer time there, if you dig down a foot underground, you will come to ie. Somehow it may be pretty hot, but the ice never melts. You've got it there always. For this reason it is hard work comparatively to mine. "But I made $3QOO in cash up there, and besides that I own four good claims. Two of the claims are in Dead wood Gulch ana the two others are on Holliday Creek. 1 consider them very valuable property. I am going Dack there in the spring. There few men of scientific mind who has taken a special interest in the wonders that the art of photography can be made to reveal. So he chose the eye of a beetle to demon strate to the satisfaction of every one that tbe X ray was no aid to visualization whatever. The result of his experiment proves conclusively that he was right and that the eminent gentlemen who favored the X-ray theory were as far from the truth as was preacher Jasper when he in sisted that "the sun do move." It is a cuiious study that this photo graph lays open to the laymen of science. We all know that the beetle has the curi ous projecting eye, very similar to the sort one sometimes sees in man himself. The eye is large" and round, or alraosj so. It can hardly be called a perfect sphere, for it is slisrhtly convex in shape. The ac companying picture shows really one-naif of the eye of the beetle. Such insects have eyes called compound, formed not of one lens but of several hundred, set side by side like cells in a honeycomb. How does the world appear through such eyes is a query of unusual interest. Writing of this photograph \V. M. Stine, previously referred to, says of Dr. Allen'* picture of the insect's sight world, here shown : •To the Editor: To make it Dr. Allen took the cornea of the. eye oi a beetle (Hydrophilas piceus) and employed it in place of the usual photographic iens of the camera used for making rhotographs of microscopic objects. A silhouette of a bead was pasted on a piece of ground glass and a lamp placed behind it. A photographic dry plate was exposed to are about 800 people wintering at Circle City, and next summer it is believed there will be a rush there. The camp ought to be a big and booming one. "I have had all kinds of experiences sandwiched into my life. The only mis- JOSEPH JUNEAU. take that I ever made was that I did not get married. If I had got married 1 would have been worth a whole lot of money, to-day, and by a whole lot I mean millions piled on millions. If I had kept thai 220-acre ranch I had in Oakland I would have been til clover. I had every thing my own way at thai time." the light coming through the beetle's eye from the silhouette and developed in the usual manner. 'As can be seen the resulting multi graph was circular, and contained several hundred images of the profile, one, indeed, for each facet of the eye. The oamera used for taking a large number of simulta neous photographs and objects is the physical analogue of such an eye. The relation of the eyes of such insects to those of mammals with the single adjust able lens is that of a single focus or snap shot camera to the ordinary form in which the focus is adjustable. "It seems reasonably clear that insects form their judgments of distance from multiple images, depending upon the power of each facet to reflect light rays. The nearer the object the greater would be the area covered by the images of the retina. It is scarcely conceivable that rays not capable of refraction or of being focused, which is the cass with the X rays, can by simple shadow effects enable a judgment to be formed on the distance of an object. W. M. Stine." It is impossible to conceive from the picture that is printed in a newspaper aa absolutely correct idea of the wonderful clearness with which the different facets of the beetle's eye cause to be placed upon the plate the image which they reflect. Although the image is shown a hundred or more times, in every instance it is clear and perfect. Very fine and delicate are the lines to be sure, and the features are only distinguishable clearly by the aid of a microscope; but nothing is omitted, and the wonderful handiwork of nature has never been more clearly shown than when this eye with artificial stimulus cariies out the pait for which it was cre ated. It so happens that in this instance, as stated, a silhouette was used instead of the ordinary photograph. It will be ob served that this is exactly -what the ac companying illustration hhows. Other and similar experiments, however, have demonstrated the truth of the statement as to the accurate reproduction of every lineament of the human face. To gain an adequate *idea of exactly what a photo graph through the multiple facets of a beetle's eye accomplishes, look carefully into the eye of some person who is close to and looking steadfastly at you. You will see reflected in the eye of tlie other your own lace, clear and distinct, with not a vestige of a line missing. Now this is just what happens when the beetle ldoks at you, only your eyes are reflected several hundred times. This is what the photograph taken by Dr. Allen shows. It is one of the most remarkable combinations of different branches of science that the world has yet seen. The Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria, by a steady course of gymnastics and calisthenics, has developed such ex traordinary muscular power that, after go teg from dumbbells to Indian clubs and from clubs to trapeze, she can raise a full grown man ■ Iroin the ground ' with one hand and hold him in the air for several seconds. .Bo say the Austrian papers. 25