amusing Stopy of a Purloined Idea.
a FeW Suggestions for the Benefit of "Willie day
Wurst" of the NeW York Charnal.
Une week ago the Examiner, like Silas
Wegg, "dropped into poetry." One of its
bright young men was instructed to
"make a page of it," and as he was paid
space rates, he readily complied. The
work was easier, because the Southern
Pacific Company's "thirty thousand dol
lar beauty" was merely revamping an idea
which was not new, and because, in its de
sire to divert attention from its "Long
Green," anythine would go.
Therefore the young man who "had the
poet detail" waded boldly in, equipped
with a copy of the New York Press of
Sunday morning, October 18, 1896, as a
mentor and adopting a gas-meter for his
versification. As he toiled ho gleefully
thought of the "soft snap" he had struck
as a poet for a "day detail." Infinitely
easier than writing up bogus "statements"
by Wyatt Earp, as some of the members
of the staff had been compelled to do, the
THE EDITOR OF THE NEW YORK "CHARNAL."
[From the New York Press.]
p.ay ; was also proportionately better.
Along the poetical horizon, proceeding at
easy canter, as might have been said at
•the, horse show, Pegasus looked cross-eyed
;et the performance, passing in silhouette. |
]: The theme of the "write-up" was the
airship, and incidentally some prominent
."citizens were harmlessly, ridiculed. The
;iitle of the production was "Things You
See When Out Late." A better title would
.have been, in view of the name which the
Examiner has justly won as "the $30, 000
beauty," something Ijke "The African in
the. Woodpile," or "Hot Stuff, 1 ' the allu
sion in- the last-suggested title being the
•'stuff which is "Long Green."
• Sing a song of sixpence,
• Poet full of "rye,"
■ *- ■ Six and twenty articles -
\'-' . C ' Knocked Into '-pi."
When me sack: Is opened
"Long Green" will sine:
. - .. "Space-writers dashed, me boy;
•' - ';' " ■sins' stories ara the thing."
aHow a Light-K,eepep Rowed Though Jl\r.
San Pedro Man Who Participated in a Famous /\ttempt to Gross
the /Ulantic in a Balloon With a ]pair of Oars.
A San Jose man's recent story about
going to Honolulu on a flying-machine
has been much derided, yet thirty years
ago an aerial trip from New York to Eu
rope was regarded by eminent scientists aa
practicable. Such an attempt, which was
probably the most brilliant of its kind
ever made, was participated in by George
V, Shaw, now lightkeeper at Point Firmin
lighthouse, near San Pedro.
The trip was planned as an experiment
to verify the theory of Professor Wise, who
held that there were continuous air cur
rents over tbe Atlantic between the United
States and Europe. He maintained that
at a certain height the current moved in
one direction, and at a different elevation
the air was blown the other way. Accord
ing to this theory a balloon could be
made to move either way across the At
lantic by simply keeping it at the right
It was planned to have a big balloon
and to that end Professor Wis* contracted
with Goodsell Bros, of New York- to
supply one of twilled silk with a capacity
of 600,000 cnbic feet of gas. The balloon
was made of material similar to cotton
muslin instead of silk, ana when the
makers brought it ■to Prospect Park,
Brooklyn, for Professor Wise's inspection
i he complained of the material but agreed
to accept it if it would stand inflation.
Accordingly great preparations w«»re
made for the etarting of the voyage. The
balloon was to carry directly beneath it a
circular canvas bouse 12 feet in diameter
and 7 feet high for use in scientific ob
servations. Suspended next beneath was
a wicker basket for the passengers and
next under it was a complete lifeboat
fitted for navigation anywhere at sea.
Shortly before the day for starting in
quiry was made for a man who would go
with the party and act as navigator should
the strange craft sink to the ocean. In
tLis way bbaw came to be chosen.
"There were five of us who were to co
on the air passage," said Mr. Shaw to the
writer. "The party comprised Professor
Wise, Professor Donaldson, anothei well
known aeronaut, » scientist from Wash
ington and a reporter for the Daily
Graphic. Many newspaper accounts of the
expected voyaee were printed, hut at my
urgent request my name was omitted
"On ihe day we were to start there were
probably 20,000 people grouped about the
queer craft, notwithstanding a lliph ad
mission fee, and thousands more looked
on from trees and housetops.
"Tbe inflation of tbe huge sack was
begun, common illuminating gas being
used. Tons of canned goods more than
we cotfld carry had been contributed. The
outfit includfd a ca#e of carrier pigeons,
Cmong which was the then celebrated
Mrecord-breaking bird 'Ariel.' There was a
Supply of rubber floats to be dropped into
ti,e sea where they might be picked up by
"As the inflation progressed 200 men,
aided by lines' attached to forty tons of
Handbags, held the captive balloon, but
when it was only three-fourths filled there
camera sudden puff of wind which caused
In some unaccountable way the able
poet who was engaged to write up the
airship for the Examiner, while ha was
dreaming of his expected "castles in
Spain," forgot to put into print for the
benefit of the readers of the "Monarch,"
some of the meters which he found in the
New Yors Press, which served as a
Now, the New York poet was away up in
his business in some respects. His use of
meter can perhaps be as well illustrated
by a gem wnich, in his farce-comedy, is
supposed to be sung by Boul-Yon, a capi
talist, a disguise adopted by Willie Jay
Wurst, a youthful prodigy, owner of* the
New York Charnal and speculator in cock
roach farming. This little gem is given
to show that the Examiner poet held back
something of the original, which the read
ers of that paper, more than any one elsti,
would thoroughly enjoy. Here it is :
I am tbe owner of tbe New York Charna!—
Drool— drool— drool, I drool!
Sponsor for all unclean and carnal—
lllsb-cum-bubl'le and a bul alow reel!
I've got the rocks to keep well oiled.
And to knock the wool off the Thieving \V oiled!
I'm a-hustling around in a bellowing sweat,
And I'll get in the cockroach jet, you bet !
I've forty-eight freaks on every page-
Drool— drool— drool. I drool !
You'd scarce expect it of one my age—
Bish-cum-bubble and a bull slow reel!
I wallow all around in print each day,
I've got a circulation tbat's a pure give-away!
I'm cutting: a swath, well, I should shoot !
ior mamma doesn't know that her Willie boy's
(He falls in a trance, but manages to secure his
false beard and crawl to one side, where he lets
loose a carner-plgeon for the Charnal office with a
slxty-eigbt-column story of a liverless camel that
whistles, "Come, Biay With Me!" through us
Of course, the poet, in view of the "sack"
the great bag to collapse. This at once
ended the undertaking, and the would-be
passengers stood there in the midst of
that crowd looking about as sheepish as
men well could under such circum
But this failure stimulated Shaw in a
fancy that an airship could be made
ROWING THROUGH THE AIR.
practical if only the balloon principle were
combined with that of a motor.
"Experimenting along this line," said
he, "I constructed a working model about
thirty feet in length. There was enough
balloon about it to make it float, or nearly
so. It was cigar-shaped, with a lifeboat
underneath. Extending up from the
center was a shaft on which wa^ a screw
propeller to be u-;ed to elevate or depress
the craft. The advance, or horizontal
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1896.
which he expected to drawdown as pay
for his useful space story, could hardly be
expected to represent tbe thinly disguised
proprietor of poets as openly confessing,
in the language of the refrain:
Drool— drool— drool, I drool,
Nor to cause him to say "I wallow all
around in print each day" for fear there
would be "more truth than poetry" in
sight; but, really, the public are entitled
to this metrical exhibition, and so The
Call cheerfully supplies the omission.
There were other gems in the New York
Press drama which will be appreciated
here. One speech, by "Boul-Yon," other
wise "Willie Jay Wur'st," is characteristic.
An extract from the drama, which really
contains "more truth than poetry," is re
produced from the New York Press, as
Boul-Yon— Ahem! My dear sirs, I trust you
will remember thnt I am actuated by no de
sire for personal gatn. My sole ambition is
the good of tbe Naiion. All I wish is to assure
myself of your hearty co-operation in my
efforts for the amelioration of the poor labor
All— Sure !
Boul-Yon— That is to say, what I want is
noise! The laboring man needs to be im
pressed with his wrongs. He must get rousea
and excited about something or other. Now,
suppose we touch him up on the currency
question. He thinks he understands that,
you know. I'll furnish a talker, and you
swear by everything he says. Make 'eni listen.
Cram what he says down everybody's throat !
Choke the ones who won't pay attention! I'll
fix it with you. Beet
All— You bet!
Bwill-Man— When'i the hollow to begin?
Boul-Yon— On, that's all fixed.
Anoth°r hiatus on the part of the Ex
aminer's day detail poet is also painful.
The following, also from the New York
motion, was obtained by a screw propeller
attached to a shaft extending to the rear.
This shaft could be readily bent horizon
tally so as to give steerage. For a motor
I operated the model with a powerful
spring, wound like o'ie in a clock.
"I tried the model in a large building.
When wound it would run for fifteen
minutes, bumping against the walls and
roof in. an animated style. I found it
would cost me $30,000 to build an airship
for practical use on this plan. I presented
the case to General George B. McClellan,
who gave me a hearing, but was so busy
with his New York dock contracts he
could not give it further attention. Peter
Cooper, founder of t lie famous institute
that bears his name, displayed evident in
terest iv it and declared lie would like to
Press, could have been worked in to ad
vantage, to the delight and edification of
all California, where there is a cultivated
fondness for excellent portrait work:
I was hatched of a hungry kite! .
I live on liver and fly by mgnt !
Watch me chaw up the whole blame town!
B.ft! bur-r-r! Hold me down!
I'm a yelping wolf of tbe rocks!
I can wallop 'em in my socks !
I've had a meal ot a raw papoose!
Whop! Whack! Lenime loose!
I'm tbe son of a howling blizzard!
I've got poet marks on my gizzard!
I've learned all their names verbatim!
Zip! Bang! Lemme at 'em!
There are so many episodes in which
the proprietor of the New York Charnal
and- tbe San Francisco Examiner has
figured that the muse, even a "day
detail" muse, need not have been at loss
Appended are a few suggestions fur
nished by a contributor who courts the
muse at a distance:
"Willie Jay Wprst" sings:
lam happy In my dealing* -
With the majses. •
I'm a check I hey think on stealings— '
•■ They are asses. ,.;
I chink thirty thousand dollars.
While "reform" I loudly hollers;'
I've a stock of S. P. collars " .- '•
■ And some passes. .
I've a knife put up my sleeve for
I've a cyclone they will grieve for.
'Twill be keener
Than a knife; for, though I'm faktng,
On their marrow bones they're quaking.
Though my blackmail undertaking
Left me leaner.
The "sack" is all busted;
All ragged ana tattered;
And Collis no louger will rill it with "tin."'
JS— •rp's' blunderbuss rusted
Will mend what is shattered.
And its fame will suffice to scare more shekels in.
For stories salacious
Come uicKeis. by gracious!
And what if ti.ey i;n nipt tbe young people to sin?
Take in u id. -r. foul scandal,
The acts of v vandal;
Ob! welcome are they, for they bring shekels in!
Hurrah for sensation!
Hurrah for all evil!
Hurrah for whatever c»u infamy win!
iiurrah for my papers!
Hurrah for lUe devil*
Hurrah for all tnin-s that can bring nickels In!
Danger irv Luxury.
The installation of electric illumination
in old English mansions and castles built
after the fashion of ages ago is apt to be
attended with disaster. It is impossible
to foresee all the dangers that may lurk
in well-seasoned timber, for have not we
been warned about putting new wine in
old bottlesj And the utmost care must
be taken by skilled electricians even
where ail is plain sailing.
Blenheim Palace is the latest sufferer
from this infusion of too much blood into
ancient veins. Not many weeks ago one
of the rare old Elizabethan mansions be
longing to a great English family was ut-
terJy destroyed from this same desire to
i be up to date en the part of its owner.
I Given time, the electric wires and fur-
'■ naces will succeed in wrecking ail the fine
' old residences in Great Britain, for man
is now an effeminate creature, only -wish
ing to lie in tbe lap of luxury. A fig for
cold rooms and wax candles. — .Boston
It is not generally known that at one
time the vergers were instructed to shoot
pigeons at St. Paul's, London, to keep
down their numbers. They were shot
from the steps at the western front of the
Cathedral, when the area before these
s*eps was .inclosed. This was put a stop
to thirty years ago.
take hold of the matter, but was too old.
I finally had to give it up, but I have in
sisted to this day that my plan was a prac
"Did I ever try any other scheme for
air navigation? No, not on a large scale.
But I did make an aerial velocipeae which
operated surprisingly well. It consisted
iof two cartridge - shaped balloons of
oiled silk, kept in position by ash frames
and properly inflated. The ouoyant
power was barely sufficient to lift the ap
paratus and one's weight. The conical
ends pointed in opposite directions, and
the two balloons were kept a few feet
apart by strong connecting pieces of asn.
Between the ash pi ece s was arranged a
seat and footrest. This apparatus would
support one in the air and only the
means of locomotion were lacking. This
lack I supplied with oars, which prac
tically made the craft an aerial row
boat. In order to get the desired re
sistance on the oar?, 1 made them like
huge fans, consisting of a strong light
framework, covered with silk. I fast
ened the oars in the rowlocks
so that I would not los 9 them.
My scheme was to propel the craft in a
forward direction, which would make it
necessary to push on the oars instead of pull
ing on them. It would also be requisite to
'feather' them carefully so that after one
push I could without much resistance re
cover them in position for the next push.
To get an upward or downward motion I
would only need to turn t c oars at a
sh^ntly different angle when pushing
them. By worlcing unequally on the two
oars I could turn to the right or left as I
degired. These were the movements by
which I believed I would be able to navi
gate the craft. The test verified my
"One bright afternoon when there was
no breeze to interfere with operations I
took the velocipede to Central Park for a
trial. Hundreds of people watched opera
tions. When everything was in readiness^
even to a small locker of provisions which
I carried, I took my position in the seat,
grasped the oars and prepared to leave
terra lirma. I thought to myself the re
sistance of the big fan-like oars against
the air would be slight, and accordingly I
gave them a very strong push. The result
was gratifying, yet startling.
"The idea of rowing through the air
worked so well that lat once determined
to begin manufacturing the new craft.
I planned that wifliin a month I should
have the air velocipedes on the market
and be able to sell them lor $300 or less
"One day, soon after the successful trial
of the machine, I met Professor Wise and
told him of my proposed manufacturing
" 'Don't do it,' said he.
"'Don't do it? Why nolT said I in
" 'If you manufacture snch a craft,' he
explained, 'ail the young scions of the no
bility and other sons of wealthy parents
will buy them. The ease with which the
maohines may be propelled will tempt the
boys to racing and all other kinds of fast
flying. The first you know some of the
reckless ones will have a midair collision,
their machines will break, there will be a
great fall and somebody will be responsi
ble for one or more lads' deaths. Do you
want to assume such a responsibility?'
"These declarations of Professor Wise
impressed me so strongly that I made up
my mind 1 didn't. W. R. Greenwood.
There are in Paris 8000 women who are
in. ads of inercuniile houses.
<Nuggets of Gold in Jlretie Seas of lee.
Eventful Career of a StalWart Pioneer of Our Territory in the
Land of the Midnight Sun.
Joseph Juneau, the founder of Juneau,
Alaska, and" who has had one of the
strangest and most romantic careers of
any man perhaps on the Pacific Coast, is
in the City. Mr. Juneau comes of a race
of town-builders and trail-breakers. His
uncle, Solomon Juneau. founded Mil
waukee, and other relatives have been
conspicuous in opening the country for a
distance of 4000 miles.
Mr. Juneau is of French-Canadian stock.
He was born at Montreal and has been on
this coast forty-five years. Some of his
people before him were famous hunters
and trappers, belonging to the Hudson
Bay Company and the American Fur
Yesterday this strange pioneer, who,
oddly enough, yet speaks a language
strongly indicative of his French blood,
talked of himself and the gold mines with
which he had "bean connected.
"When I was 20 years old," he said, "I
left Montreal and came direct to Califor
nia. This was in ISSI, at a time when
there was a great rush to the gold fields.
The first mining I did was at Downieville.
I remained there well on to two years and
made considerable money. Then I came
down to San Francisco and went across
tbe bay to where Oakland is now and
bought a farm of 220 acres. It was be
tween San Leandro and a place then
called San Antonio. Most of it is now
covered over with big buildings. I stayed
there and farmed nine years, raising grain
• "After that I put in in all nine years in
Montana and made about $20,000.
"Then, in 187-4, I concluded I would
have to strike out to a new country, and I
went up to Alaska. That was very early,
and the country had not been prospected
even along the coast. I set to work and I
found gold. It was tbe first gold that had
ever been struck in the Territory. I found
it at a place called Shuck, eighty miles
from Fort Wrangel, en the river of that
name and near the bay which bears that
name. It was at a point about half way
between Juneau and Fort Wrangel. Bat
I only made three or four dollars a day
mining there, and I wasn't satisfied with
it; so, the boom in Cassiar coming on, I
went there. I stayed there five years;
but I wasn't lucky. I didn't do much. I
made enough to live on and get around on
but no stake.
"In 1880 I went back to Alaska, this
I time going to Juneau, and there I found
! the rich placer and quartz mines which
j have made the country so celebrated over
I the globe. They were the mines of the
Sliver Bow basin, a few miles from
| Juneau. I started to work oa these
| mines and founded a town.
"I was fairly fortunate at Juneau, for I
I made about $40 OOQ there. Of course, I
| didn't k-ep it all, for it's hard to live in a
| country like that and not let your money
j go. Living is high and everything you do
| takes cash.
"When I sold out .in the Silver Bow
Basin I went away up the Yukon River.
This was two years ago. I went to Circle
City, the far northern camp, which lies
inside the Arctic circle, and where you
can see the sun all the time in summer.
This, though a new camp, is a great one.
There is a wonderful amount of gold there.
The only difficulty is. the climate — it is so
Photographing Through a Beetle's Eye.
Wonderful Effects Produced by Its Use as a Lens— A NeW Field
for Scientific Exploration.
The marvelous feat of taking a photo
graph through a lens composed of a
beetle's eye is the achievement of which
Dr. G. F. Allen of Aurora, 111., can boast.
The result which is pictured in the ac
companying illustration is that a separate
outline of the image at which the camera
is directed is seen on every one of the
hundreds of facets which are part and
parcel of the eye of the insect so familiar
to us all.
This is the first instance where anything
of the sort has been accomplished. Here
tofore there has been any quantity of
theory but a great lack of practice. Now
we have tbe practice in the most convinc
ing of forms — a photograph. It all came
about through a curious statement made
at a meeting of the British Scientific Asso-
BEETLE'S EYE — A MAN'S SILHOUETTE IN EVERY FACET.
ciation, at which W. M. Stine of the
Armour Institute of Chicago called atten
tion to a very curious and interesting
lantern-slide in his possession. During a
discussion of the properties of the .Roent
gen rays, a leading scientist suggested that
ascertain insects had eyes seemingly un
adapted to see by ordinary sunli ht, they
might visualize by means of the X rays.
Now ii v/aa held by a number of the
savants in attendance at the association
that the X ray could hardly be termed an
incentive to visualization. So warm did
the discussion become that it was finally
decided to make a genuine test with the
eye of a chosen insect, and it is the result
of this decision that proves one of the
most interesting feats ever accomplished
by means of that great aid to science, the j
Dr. Allen of Aurora, 111., is one of the]
cold. If we had a climate like California
it would be a good deal richer country
than this. But even in summer time there,
if you dig down a foot underground, you
will come to ie. Somehow it may be
pretty hot, but the ice never melts. You've
got it there always. For this reason it is
hard work comparatively to mine.
"But I made $3QOO in cash up there, and
besides that I own four good claims. Two
of the claims are in Dead wood Gulch ana
the two others are on Holliday Creek. 1
consider them very valuable property. I
am going Dack there in the spring. There
few men of scientific mind who has taken
a special interest in the wonders that the
art of photography can be made to reveal.
So he chose the eye of a beetle to demon
strate to the satisfaction of every one that
tbe X ray was no aid to visualization
whatever. The result of his experiment
proves conclusively that he was right and
that the eminent gentlemen who favored
the X-ray theory were as far from the
truth as was preacher Jasper when he in
sisted that "the sun do move."
It is a cuiious study that this photo
graph lays open to the laymen of science.
We all know that the beetle has the curi
ous projecting eye, very similar to the sort
one sometimes sees in man himself. The
eye is large" and round, or alraosj so. It
can hardly be called a perfect sphere, for
it is slisrhtly convex in shape. The ac
companying picture shows really one-naif
of the eye of the beetle. Such insects
have eyes called compound, formed not of
one lens but of several hundred, set side
by side like cells in a honeycomb. How
does the world appear through such eyes
is a query of unusual interest.
Writing of this photograph \V. M.
Stine, previously referred to, says of Dr.
Allen'* picture of the insect's sight world,
here shown :
•To the Editor: To make it Dr. Allen
took the cornea of the. eye oi a beetle
(Hydrophilas piceus) and employed it in
place of the usual photographic iens of
the camera used for making rhotographs
of microscopic objects. A silhouette of a
bead was pasted on a piece of ground
glass and a lamp placed behind it. A
photographic dry plate was exposed to
are about 800 people wintering at Circle
City, and next summer it is believed there
will be a rush there. The camp ought to
be a big and booming one.
"I have had all kinds of experiences
sandwiched into my life. The only mis-
take that I ever made was that I did not
get married. If I had got married 1
would have been worth a whole lot of
money, to-day, and by a whole lot I mean
millions piled on millions. If I had kept
thai 220-acre ranch I had in Oakland I
would have been til clover. I had every
thing my own way at thai time."
the light coming through the beetle's eye
from the silhouette and developed in the
'As can be seen the resulting multi
graph was circular, and contained several
hundred images of the profile, one, indeed,
for each facet of the eye. The oamera
used for taking a large number of simulta
neous photographs and objects is the
physical analogue of such an eye. The
relation of the eyes of such insects to
those of mammals with the single adjust
able lens is that of a single focus or snap
shot camera to the ordinary form in which
the focus is adjustable.
"It seems reasonably clear that insects
form their judgments of distance from
multiple images, depending upon the
power of each facet to reflect light rays.
The nearer the object the greater would
be the area covered by the images of the
retina. It is scarcely conceivable that
rays not capable of refraction or of being
focused, which is the cass with the X
rays, can by simple shadow effects enable
a judgment to be formed on the distance
of an object. W. M. Stine."
It is impossible to conceive from the
picture that is printed in a newspaper aa
absolutely correct idea of the wonderful
clearness with which the different facets
of the beetle's eye cause to be placed upon
the plate the image which they reflect.
Although the image is shown a hundred
or more times, in every instance it is
clear and perfect. Very fine and delicate
are the lines to be sure, and the features
are only distinguishable clearly by the
aid of a microscope; but nothing is
omitted, and the wonderful handiwork of
nature has never been more clearly shown
than when this eye with artificial stimulus
cariies out the pait for which it was cre
It so happens that in this instance, as
stated, a silhouette was used instead of
the ordinary photograph. It will be ob
served that this is exactly -what the ac
companying illustration hhows. Other
and similar experiments, however, have
demonstrated the truth of the statement
as to the accurate reproduction of every
lineament of the human face. To gain
an adequate *idea of exactly what a photo
graph through the multiple facets of a
beetle's eye accomplishes, look carefully
into the eye of some person who is close
to and looking steadfastly at you. You
will see reflected in the eye of tlie other
your own lace, clear and distinct, with
not a vestige of a line missing. Now this
is just what happens when the beetle
ldoks at you, only your eyes are reflected
several hundred times.
This is what the photograph taken by
Dr. Allen shows. It is one of the most
remarkable combinations of different
branches of science that the world has yet
The Archduchess Maria Theresa of
Austria, by a steady course of gymnastics
and calisthenics, has developed such ex
traordinary muscular power that, after go
teg from dumbbells to Indian clubs and
from clubs to trapeze, she can raise a full
grown man ■ Iroin the ground ' with one
hand and hold him in the air for several
seconds. .Bo say the Austrian papers.
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