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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, December 21, 1896, Image 1

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Plenty of Precedents Are
Found «in Recognizing
the Cubans.
But Then Cameron's Resolution
Is a Long Way From
Conservative Statesmen Say There
Will Ba No Serious Difficulty Be-
tweeo Cleveland and Congress.
WASHINGTON, D. C. Dec 20.—
Neither Senator Sherman, chairman of
M:e Foreign Relations Committee, nor
Anator Morgan of that committee be-
Vves that there is any danger of war with
££>am as a result of the possible adoption
of the Cameron resolution. Both of them
were interviewed by The Call corre
spondent to-night. Senator Sherman
thinks the resolution is siniDly a recogni
tion of the "republic of Cuba," and as
such gives that country authority to send
representatives to the United States. Con
tinning he said :
'.'We recognized the independence of
Mexico, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and of other
South American republics while they were
sti:l struggling against Spain, and that
was not considered cause for war on the
part of that country.
"Spain recognized the independence of
the. Confederacy in 1861 before a single
battle bad been fought, if we except the
firing on Fort Sumter, and yet that was
not considered cause for war."
Senator Sherman said that in case the
President vetoed the resolution, it could
be passed over his i:ead.
Senator Morgan, in speaking of the
possibility of Spain securing the aid of
some other European power in war against
tbe United States, said:
"I do Dot think she could secure the as
sistance of any power aeainst us. You
must remember that Europe is an armed
camp. There are millions of men over
tbere under arms and for what? To watch
each otber. The moment any one of them
interfered she would find herself harassed
at home, but there is no reason why Spain
should become involved in war with us
simply because we recognize the inde
pendence of the Cubans. You nrobably
noticed that tbe resolution was amended
to read 'The Republic of Cuba,' but the
second section leaves a way out for Spain,
becauee it says that the United States will
use its friendly offices to bring the war to
a conclusion.
"There will be no undue haste in press
ing the resolutions to a vote. When laid
■ fore the Senate it will be accompanied
by a most voluminous report, going over
the wnole matter of the recognition of
belligerency for the past century by this
and other Governments. We want to see
this information published and have it go
before the people before any action by tbe
Senate is taken. In fact. I would like to
Bee the report co before the Spanish peo- j
pie before we adopt it, so they may all
understand it.
••I fully believe that Spain stands in
greater trouble to-day from internal dis
sensions than she does bom the rebellions
in Cuba and in the Philippines. Republi
canism is very strong in Spain, and any
act of the present Government that could
be used in bringing about its downfall
will be taken advantage of. Canovas
recognizes this, and he realizes that tbe
only way to maintain the national spirit
is to inflame the perpie against a common
The Cuban question and Secretary Ol
ney's statement of the executive position
may precipitate a debate in the Senate to
morrow that will set aside the regular
business assigned for the two days that
body will be in session before the holiday
recess. It is not improbable that some of
the more radical Cuban sympathizers will
start the discussion with the presentation
of Senator Cameron's resolntion shortly
after tbe morning hour.
Conservative Senators who have studied
the precedents are inclined to the opinion
that the talk about a serious difficulty be
tween the President and Congress has no
■ound foundation.
Cool heads will counsel moderation.
There is not the remotest probability of
Cameron's resolution recognizing the in
dependence of the republic of Cuba being
acted upon in the Benate before the holi
day recess. When the debate does begin
it is evident that Senators Morgan, Tsvis,
Chandler, Lodge and Mills will take a po
sition adverse to the Secretary of State,
and the discussion may be prolonged till
after the 4th of March.
It was agreed in the Committee on For
eign Relations that the report on the
Cameron resolution should be made to
morrow, and that the matter should not
be called up until after the holidays. This
agreement will be carried out.
Author it// I Upon Which He Intimated the
* - Function of the Executive. .
' is every reason to believe that Secretary
Olney's declaration that recognition is ex
clusively an executive function was not
made until after that cautious and thor
ough deliberation which characterized his
conduct of the negotiations with Lord
Salisbury over the Venezuelan' contro
versy and other important official matters
which have called for his decisions since
he entered President Cleveland's Cabinet
• as Attorney-General nearly 'our years
aeo. It is well known in the highest of
ficial circles, especially in the Cabinet,
that questions of Presidential prerogative
, were forced upon him by his colleagues
among the executive's advisers at the
Jfoutset of this administration in connec
"mion with the perplexities that arose; in
The Hawaiian affair when the executive
was placed in direct antagonism with
Congress. The paramount mission of
Commissioner Blount to Honolulu ' was
understood to have been taken with the
Attorney-General's full indorsement, and
all the subsequent acts of tbe administra
tion with regard to the midocean republic
The San Francisco Call.
were said to have hart his approval, if, in
deed, they had not been inaugurated at
his suggestion.
In his official capacity Mr. Olney was
intimately associated with the President
in the steps which were taken to suppress
the great railway riots by the use of Fed
eral troops and throughout his occupancy
of the Department of Justice he was con
stantly called upon to declare executive
power under the constitution.
The sharp deruarkation of Congressional
and executive functions with respect to
purely international matters was pre
sented to him as the legal adviser of tbe
President upon the adoption of the Hoar
Turkish resolution, and at that time it
was understood that such instructions to
the President, whether in the form of con
current or joint resolutions, did not reauire
compliance. The President neither signed
nor di-approved the re-olutions, nor did
he transmit them to the Ottoman Porte.
The Cuban resolutions were similarly
ignored, though at the time of their adop
tion it was generally understood that Sec
retary Olney ad reached the conclusion
that their effect was conclusively ad
visory, however mandatory their language
might be.
It is pointed out by State Department
officials that Congress has never been con
firmed by the Supreme Court in its asser
tion of any powers not expressly given to
it by the constitution. In the event of the
recognition of either the belligerency or
independence of Cuba the first result, it is
held, would be the appearancb of an ac
credited Minister or other emissary of
that island. The contention is that under
the constitution the President is the sole
judge as to whether such emissary shall
be received. Precisely this emergency ha<
arisen in the past few weeks. The greater
republic o: Central America has come into
existence and its accredited Minister, Mr.
Ruduer.ey, has been in Washington a
fortnight. He has not been received by
the President nor has the American charge
at Managua been authorized formally to
recognze the new arrangement.
The President also took his own time in
recognizing the Provisional Government
of Hawaii and also the Dole Government.
Frequently prompt recognition of a foreign
Government has taken place without any
thought of possible approval or disap
proval of Congress, notably when Presi
dent Harrison acted upon the termination
of the Chilean revolution. The same wa
aiso the case upon the establishment of
tbe present republic of France and the
republic of Brazil. Another recent case
of exercise of the President's authority in
receiving and dealing with foreign Minis
ters occurred in the dismissal of Sir Sack
vilie West, the British Minister. While
this caused no disruption of oor relations
with England, it is held that it showed it
to be the President's power to act without
consulting Congress, and it was execu
tive action which might have led to war.
In this connection it is also pointed out
that while Congress can alone declare war.
it is cleariy within the power of the Presi
dent by his own action to bring about a
war, which, if declared by an opponent,
would create a condition be would be com
pelled to meet until Congresn could assem
ble and act.
Spain ;Aot in ~~d' J Hurry to Croat Sword.%
With tho United States.
MADRID, Spain, Dec. 20.— Senor Cano
vas del Castillo, Prime Minister',. has re
ceived the official text of President Cleve
land's message to the American Congress,
and will shortly make a declaration' on
that part of the document which refers to
the Cuban 1 question. Conferences have
been held, 'luring the past few days be
tween tie most prominent men in politi
cal life in Spain with the object of peeking
a solution of the problem which confronts
the Government ami which it is possible
might canst a war with the United States.
.It is conceded in political circles that
the situation is grave, but it is thought
that the willingness of Spain to grant re
forms in the Spanish West Indies should
tend to avert any display of aggressive
ness on the part of the United States. One
point is settled upon, and that is that no
reforms shall. be put into effect in Cuba
until the insurrection be suppressed, for it
is held that to offer reforms with the
Cubans still in arms would indicate weak
ness on the part of Spain and would also
be derogatory to Spanish honor.
Though indignation caused by receipt of
the news of tbe action of the Committee
on Foreign Relations of the American
Senate shows little significance, there has
not been many manifestations over its
representatives in Spain. That such mani
lestations were expected is shown by the
fact that police and gendarmes were de
tailed to guard the American legation
here and precautions were taken elsewhere
to protect the various consulates of the
United States should tbe excited people
attempt to make an attack or them.
Orders were sent to the Governors of sev
eral provinces to prohibit any anti-Amer
ican demonstrations, and from dispatches
received to-day from provincial capitals it
is known that the orders were faithfully
carried out.
Prominent politicians confirm the state
ments contained in yesterday's dispatches
to the United Associated Presses that it is
tbe intention of tbe Government, when
the opportune time arrives, to put into
effect in Cuba uolitical and economical re
forms which it is said will be wider in
their scope than those proposed by the
Cortes last year.
The death is denied to-day of Senor Don
Manuel Decuerra, Minister of the Colonies.
He was very popular, and it is said of him
that one time he hindered the sale of Cuba
to the United States.
The Epoca, the organ of Senor Cano
vas and tbe Ministerialists, in comment
ing on the situation, says that Spain
needs at the present moment much calm,
sound judgment on the part of the pub
lic to avoid greater difficulties than those
the Government is now facing. As lor.g
as prudence is compatible with national
honor, Spain has nothing to do save to
defend her rights if they are attacked. A
recognition of belligerency is nut a casus
belli unless such recognition is granted by
an interested nation. Formerly S| am
recognized the belligerency of the South
ern States of America, despite the protest
of the Federal Government, which did
not rogard the attitude of European gov
ernments in this matter as a casus belli.
If the act indicated by the Cameron
resolution shall be consummated, Spain
will protest, thereby greatly straining the
relations between ti.e Unite- States and
Spain, but the Spaniards must now forget
the attitude of th« powers which, after
President Cleveland's declaration anent
tbe Anglo- Venezuelan dispute, abstained
from an intervsntion. Spain ought to
keep account of all these precedents.
Prime Minister Canovas holds that un
SANTA GLAUS— They are pretty good papers, but I shall waft for the Christmas "Call."
der the framing cf Senator Cameron's res
olution there will be no armed interven
tion on tbe part of the United States in
Cuban territory. Though the partisans of
the proposal may obtain the necessary
votes to override the veto which he be
lieves President Cleveland will interpose
and so make the resolution an obligatory
act of Congress, it would only affect a
recognition of the independence of Cuba
and lead to an offer of its gr od ofnees by
the United States to terminate the war.
With whatever officiousness the United
States may interpose, Spain will retain the
right tn accept or nject the offer of the
American good offices. if the United
States recognizes the independenae of
Cuba she will then have to recognize the
laws of neutrality. If she recognizes the
belligerency of the Cubans, Spain will
have the right to stop and visit American
vessels at sea.
Senor Canovas does not think that tbe
Cameron resolution need cause serious
perturbation. It will only make the rela
tions between Spain and the United States
more strained, but need not cause a rup
ture. He will never consent to foreign
interference in what is a question of Span
ish domestic politics. Spain will regulate
her acts 30 that nobody will be able to say
that she made war upon another power,
yet she will always repel aggression. The
tone of the newspapers generally is more
moderate to-day than it was yesterday.
They contain little to excite the populace.
General Colby Would Bare Ao Trouble to
Raise an Army.
BEATRICE, Nebb., Dec. 20.— General L.
W. Colby, ex-Assistant United States At
torney-General, whose proposition to raise
an army of 10,000 men to fight for Cuba
was given publicity tn rough the United
Associated Presses, is receiving letters and
telegrams from all over the country in
dorsing his plan, urging him to continue
in his efforts and asking to be enrolled as
One of these is from Colonel Robert Mc-
Reynolds of Oklahoma who says: "1 see
by the dispatches what you say regarding
Cuba. I want you to count me in with
100 of the finest shots in this Territory. I
want to be with you — on your staff, ii pos
sible. I have been agitating the question
for a year and a half now, and am in
earnest in every word I say."
Colonel Me Reynolds served under Gen
eral Colby in the Sioux campaign at
Wounded Knee. Last winter he went to
Cuba and fought with the insurgents as a
private. He is the man who at Galveston
was threatened with arrest by Federal
officials Jor advertising for "one hundred
men well armed, of undoubted bravery, to
go on the Gulf of Mexico to shoot geese."
Tbe words "shoot geese" was merely a
blind as he subsequently admitted.
The prominence of General Colby and
his unquestioned sincerity has made of
the matter which was at first thought to
be but an idle threat a serious possibility.
Say it la High ; 'Jitne \to Recognize the
,'■-. Insurgents.
OMAHA, Nebb., De.;. 20.— Senator Wil
liam V. Allen J arrived from Washington
yesterday afternoon. The Senator was
very emphatic in his declarations upon the
Cuban question and the Cameron joint
resolution, '■';"'■;'' '_-:.- : '■'/ '"■':.'..):'''.:„ i'-
"A number of things have operated in
the last few days," said be, "which ac
count for the apparent unanimity of
opinion among members of Committee on
Continued on Hccmnd Page.
Leads in the Race of the
Californians for a Place
in the Cabinet.
Major McKinley Would Be Glad
to Honor His Friend and
Former Associate.
Senator Perkins Says tbe Memorial
Urging Horace Davis* Appointment
Has Not Tet Gone to Canton.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 20.— The
Call correspondent learned to-night from
a reliable source that President-elect Me-
Kinley is considering the advisability of
appointing United States Circuit Judge
McKenna a member of bis Cabinet.
The rumor has been circulated in
Washington for several weeks among
the California colony, but only
within a few days has it been seri
ously considered. Several Californians
who have stopped off at Canton to see the
President-elect have reported him as say
ing that he would be glad to appoint some
Pacific Coast man in his Cabinet, but that
the factional differences in California ren
dered it difficult to make a selection from
that State. In all these conversations he
dwelt upon the name of Judge McKenna,
who served with him upon the Ways and
Means Committee in the Fifty-first Con
gress when the McKinley tariff bill was
It is said by Culifornians here that Mr.
McKinley has always entertained a hieh
opinion of Judge McKenna's ability, and
furthermore, that quite a warm friendship
was established between the two during
their service together on the Ways and
Means Committee.
Senator Perkins and others of the Cali
fornia delegation were seen by The Call
correspondent to-nieht and asked if they
had any definite information that Major
MrKinley was considering Judge Mc-
Kenna in connection with an appoint
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 20.— 1t is not impossible that Captain William L. Merry of Ban Francisco will be appointed
Commissioner of Navigation under the Treasury Department. Boards of Trade and Chambers of Commerce of California
have taken an active interest in his behalf, and The Call correspondent learns to-night that Captain Merry will ba in
dorsed for this place probably by all of the California delegation.
Senator Perkins paid high tribute to the ability and character of Captain Merry, who has been president of the San
Francisco Chamber of Commerce and is now connected with it. Senator Perkins said he believed that no better appoint
ment could be made. It would be oi vast benefit to the shipping interest of the Pacific Coast, as the captain was familiar
with every part of it. He had been a sailor "before the mast" as well as captain of a vessel, and knew every want of ship
ping interests of the coast.
Senator Perkins also complimented Captain Merry's literary ability, and said that his contributions to Nicaragua canal
literature were invaluable, and would prove to be of vast benefit in the attempt to secure the passage of the Nicaragua
canal bill. Apropos of tbe canal. Representative Barham said to The Call correspondent to-night that in a few days he
and other members of the House will wait upon Speaker Reed and the Rules Committee in an endeavor to have that com
mittee set a time for consideration for the bill. Mr. Barham believes that the opposition to the bill is weakening, and be
is hopeful that it may be passed.
ment. AH acknowledged that, they had
heard reports of that kind from gentlemen
recently arrived from Canton, but they
had not attached any importance to them
until the last few days. Senator Perkins
admitted that he had received informa
tion to ibis effect from some Californians
who had recently come from Canton, and
while he said that he bad no means of
knowing McKinley's intentions, declared
that it would not surprise him if the ten
der of a Cabinet position should be made
to Judge McKenna, inasmuch as the two
were well acquainted and the President
elect had such a high opinion of the Judge.
The Call correspondent asked Senator
Perkins whether it was true, as reported
here, that tbe California delegation, after
recommending Horace Davis for a Cabinet
position, had concluded not to send such
a recommendation to Major McKinley in
view of certain letters received from Cali
fornia since the delegation met in caucus
and indorsed Davis.
Mr. Perkins said : "It is true that letters
have been received from California, but it
is not true that the delegation has con
cluded to withdraw its indorsement of
Mr. Davis. Acting in my capacity as
chairman of the conference of the dele
gation I appointed a committee of three
to draft that memorial to Major Mc-
Kinley, expressing the pleasure of that
caucus. It is understood that Major Mc-
Kinley has left Canton and is now in
Chicago, and the memorial could not with
propriety be sent to him until he returns
"But how long will the delegation wait
before forwarding the memorial to him ?"
Senator Perkins was asked.
•'That I cannot tell," said he, "ai the
committee of three has charge of the
It is believed here that, although the
delegation has not decided to withdraw
its indorsement of Davis, they have con
cluded to "make haste slowly" and to
withhold the indorsement as expressed in
the memorial to Major McKinley until
they have had a chance to hear the popu
lar expression of Californians in all sec
tions of the State. In other words the in
dorsement of Davis was merely a "feeler."
Representative Loud is considerably dis
turbed on account of reports sent from
Washington stating that at the caucus he
had declared he bad authority to with
draw De Young's name. Mr. Loud's em
barrassment is not lessened any by the
receipt of the press cablegram from De
Young stating that Mr. Loud did not
state in so many words to the caucus that
he had authority from Mr. de Young to
withdraw his name, but that he stated
that he bad heard De Young say in the
presence of two otfier gentlemen that he
was not a candidate for a Cabinet place
and that this statement of Loud's caused
Grove Johnson to cast his vote for Davis.
Major IHcKinleti Cannot Etoape Admi-
ration Even on Sunday.
CHICAGO, 111., Dec. 20.— A burst of
applause with the same hearty cries sur
prised and greeted Major McKinley when
his carriage drove up to tbe Sixth Presby
terian Church on Vernon avenue this
morning. The sidewalk was crowded with
people who were unable to find seats in
the house of worship. Scores of persons
lingered about tbe vestibule, the doors
and the street in front of the church dur
ing the service, and when Major McKln
iey came out after the morning services
the cheering and applauding was repeated.
Consideration of the day and place did
not restrain these enthusiastic Chica«o
admirers of the President-elect. It was
partially to avoid similar demonstrations
that Major McKinley remained so quietly
at the homes of his friends during the
week and declined invitations to visit any
of the theaters. He did not suppose en
thusiasm would express itself so emphati
cally on the Sabbath.
Major and Mrs. McKinley drove to the
West Side after church and dined with a
relative. The rest of the day was spent
very quietly.
Cause of the Fierce Fire in the Missouri
Penitentiary Traced to a Plot
of Convicts.
JEFFERSON, Mo., Dec 20.— The source
of last night's fire in State Prison has been
traced to a gang of thirty-three convicts,
some one of whom fired a bundle of refuse
under a stairway in the clothing depart
ment. Tbe fire smoldered until nearly
midnight, when it burst into a blaze. Tne
incendiary act was no doubt done in a
hope to escape during the confusion. Not
withstanding the great excitement War
den Payne and the guards at no time lost
control of tbe prisoners. The clothing de
partment is located in cell building 1, and
while the guards were transferring the
convicts from this building into cell build
ing 3 two convicts attempted to escape,
but both were captured before they got
away from the building. Great bravery
was shown by the convicts, who were re
leased from their cells to help extinguist
the fire. A convict from St. Louis, who
at one time belonged to the fire depart
ment of that city, acted as captain to the
Sate Fire Department! The Star Cloth
ing Company, which is also situated in
the same building as the State Depart
ment, was at one time in great danger of
having its entire stock of clothing de
E ght Bomb- Throwers Are
Condemned to Pay the
Death Penalty.
Mystery Surrounds the Fate of
the Remainder of the
In the Vau't of a Fortress the Spanish
Officials Court-Martial All of
the Accused.
BARCELONA, Spain, Dec. 20.— Eight
of the anarchists who were convicted of
complicity in the bomb throwing that
occurred here in June last have been sen
tenced to death by the court-martial, be
fore which they were tried. The Attorney-
General, who personally conducted th«
prosecution, asked the court-martial to
sentence twenty-eight of the prisoners to
death and fifty-six to penal servitude for
life. The proceedings were markeri with
the strictest secrecy, it being feared that
the anarchists, of whom there are many in
Barcelona, would make a demonstration if
the fact of condemnation and sentencing of
the prisoners should become generally
known. The court-martial met in a vault
in the fortress of Mont Juich, and only
military officers were allowed to be pres
ent at the trial.
The crime for which the eight anarchists
will suffer death was committed on June
7, on the occasion of a religious procession
in celebration of Corpus Christi. Just as
the procession was entering the Church of
Sania Maria de la Mara bomb was thrown
into the crowd that was watching the
ceremony. The missile exploded with
ereat violence, killing twelve persons in
stantly and wounding fifty others, some
of whom subsequently A large
number of arrests were made, and eighty
jour of the prisoners were held to await
trial. Eight of them will be shot. It 13
not known what sentence has been passed
on the others.
Exploaion of a Cool-Oil LatnpCausem
a Family Holocaust.
NEW YORK. N. V., Dec. 20.— A family
of five persons were burned to death in
their home, 514 East Fifty-eighth street,
to-night. The dead are: Aaron Gold
smith, 45 years old, wholesale liquor
dealer; Mrs. Katilda Goldsmith, 53 years;
Bertha Goldsmith, 10 years; Hattie Gold
smith, 8 years; Frank GoMsraith, 6 years.
The only other person in the house at
the time of fie fire was Mary Koska. 20
years old, the servant of the family. She
escaped by jumping out of a second-story
window to the rear yard and running
through tbe basement hall to the street
in front of the house.
The fire was caused by the explosion of
a piano-lamp in the parlor.
Enemies Meet in 'lmnetste and a Duel
With Revolvers Knauea.
ATLANTA, Ga., Dec. 20— A special to
the Constitution from Knoxville, Term.,
says : A Sunday duel with revolvers, in
wnich both participants were killed, oc
curred to-day in Campbell County. The
scene of the duel was nine miles out.
Lincoln Baird and William Miller, two
young men, had for some time been ene
mies. They met in the road and renewed
the quarrel. Both men fired several shots
and both fell on the ground mortally
wounded. The sound of the shots at
tracted the attention of the nearest inhab
itants, who on going to the scene found
both men lying on the ground dead.
Clinton O. Hn/icoek Dead.
PHILADELPHIA. Pa., Dec 20.—Clin
ton G. Hancock, general passenger agent
of tbe Reading Railroad Company, died
Tarn O'Shanter's ride through the
midnight wind with the horrible hob-
foblins pursuing him was only a bad
ream, or nightmare, which anybody is
liable to experience as the result of over-
eating or an attack of biliousness or in-
digestion. To avoid such disagreeable
experiences one or two of Dr. Pierces
Pleasant Pellets should be taken after a
too hearty meal and the action of the
stomach will thereby be quickened and
the meal promptly digested.
Then too if Nature be assisted a little
now and then in removing offending
matter from the stomach and bowels you
will thereby avoid a multitude of dis-
tressing derangements and diseases, and
will have less frequent need for your
doctors' services.
Of all known agents for this purpose,
Dr. Pierces Pleasant Pellets are the best.
Their secondary effect is to keep the
bowels open and regular, not to further
constipate, as is the case with other pills.
Hence, their great popularity with suf-
ferers from habitual constipation, piles
and their attendant discomfort and man-
ifold derangements.
The Pellets cure biliousness, sick and
bilious headache, dizziness, costiveness,
or constipation, sour stomach, loss of ap-
petite, coated tongue, indigestion, or
dyspepsia, windy belchings, "heart-
burn, 1 ' pain and distress after eating,
and kindred derangements of the liver,
stomach and bowels. One little "Pel-
let" is a laxative, two are mildly ca-

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