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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, December 27, 1896, Image 23

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Society's New Fad
\ for New Year's Eve
TfIOUGHT transference will be the
f-cientihe fad of society. The psychic
evening promises to achieve great
popularity. Even now several events of
this sort have taken place, and with ihe
closer approach of the New Year the even
ing devoted to occultism will become more
and more apropos. lis devotees hold that
wnh the influence we may learn the
secrets of the year before v*.
Few students of human nature and the
queer things that humanity does wiJl fail
to admit the possibility of thought trans
ference. It is shown every day by tho
xinderstanding that seems to exist between
persona who are closely linked together,
Society Seeking to Discover by Occult Means What Fate Has in Store for Them.
which results in the same thought being I
expressed at the same time. A thought I
is conveyed from one human being to an- j
other without the conscious agency of the I
organ of sense. It can be transferred with- ,
out any feeling whatsoever.
Society has discovered that there is j
much enjoyment and entertainment in I
thought transference. The experiment
can be carried out in a variety of ways and
in a very interesting fashion. In the ordi
nary process two principals are required.
One cf these is the transmitter of the |
Thought, or the agent, as he is called. The j
other is. the sensitive or the subject ta
whom the thought is transferred. It is a
very interesting feature of the pss'chic j
evening, the selection of the agent and the !
sensitive. The first must be thoroughly :
earnest and intelligent. It is absolutely j
necessary that he should be entirely able j
to concentrate his mind on the thoughts !
which are to be transferred, to the exclu- i
Photograph of a
Butterfly's Tongue
THE visions which the camera makes i
public nowadays are widespread in j
variety and make it apparent that
the seemingly impossible is always on the
eve of accomplishment. No more striking '
evidence of this fart can be found than the I
clever work of Professor George S. Moler I
of Cornell University in photographing a j
butterfly's tongue.
This tiny bit of the mechanism of one of j
the most delightful of insects is, in its j
natural form, barely perceptible to the
human eye. Such a little affair it is that
one views with absolute amazement the j
accompanying picture, whicn is drawn
from the photograph referred to, this pho
tograph being furnished the writer by
Professor Moler himself.
It must be understood that photography
is one of the sciences which the Cornell
Btudent learnt as thoroughly as any
branch of study that he chooses to take
up while u:ider % thc guidance of his alma
lrater. There are very many queer pho
tographs taken in the course of a term.
Of the process of photography as a sc
(nee, and of tl.e resuits of that progress, |
Professor Moler has the following to say:
•'To thr. Editor: Since the advent of the
m dry pfate and sensitized him and
the .simplifying of the chem cal processes
necessary to produce a picture, the pho
tographic art has become indispensable in
almost all sorts of scientific investigations.
Its truthfulness to nature and the rai>:dity
of its action are two of the many valuable
qualities of the process. When formed
under proper conditions the image unnn
Hie plate can be depended upon as being ,
to sc*la proportional in all its parts to the
obj-ct itself. •
•One of the principal things which has
made this possible is the great accuracy
with which photo lenses are now con
structed so that they give rectilinear
images. During the last transit of Venus
many nhetocrraphs were taken, showing at
different- recorded intervals of time the
positions of the planets upon the image of
tho sun; then accurate measurements of
tho sun; then accurate
i
\ sion of all else. The sensitive is so called
j because of the necessity for her actually
; being sensitive to impressions. She must
te sensitive in brain and mind and must
i be influenced oy the thoughts projected.
The diversions of the psychic evening,
I as shown by the accompanying illustra-
I lion, are varied and attractive. While it
I is true that thought transference in itself
! i j not ordinarily supposed to 1 c accom
plished by the aid of apparatus, still it is
rendered easier and more of an amuse
ment than a science by the use of steel
bands and an electric wire. Tuese bands
! are adjusted to the heads of the two per
' sons who are to inoulge in the silent lan-
euage, much after the fashion which the
telephone girl follows in placing upon
her head the contrivance which holds tho
receiver to her ear. These two bends of
steel on the different persons are con
nected, as stated, by an electric wire.
Over this wire the thoughts Eeem to (Irish
at the wili of the stronger and sometimes
the weaker. The action is rapid and the
result unique.
Among other things which the ama
teur thought scientist, will attempt at the
psychic evenine entertainment is crystal
gazing — the process whereby it is said
that the sensitive, lookins closely at a
crystal and concentrating her mind, will
see before her a reproduction of the
images whfch fiil the mind of the agent
or some other person. Then there is the
mirror — that old relic of Hallowe'en cus
tom. The thought scientists promise
that by looking into the mirror steadfast
ly on such occasion one will not see a
these were made and upon the data so ob
tained important mathematical calcula
tions were based.
"Dry plates are now made so sensitive
to light that if an eiectric spark of short
duration illuminates one while a rifle
bullet is fired past the plate the shudow of
the flying ballet will be as sharply de
fined as if the bullet were stationary. An
other curious fact is also observed at the
same time, and that is that the shadows
of some waves of compressed air are also
photographed upon the plate. They very
much resemble the diverging wave pro
duced by a small steamer upon the sur
face of a smooth lake.
"Sometimes in research work too many
things are to be noted at the same time for
i the eye to catch them all ; sometimes the
motion to be observed is too rapid to be
seen, or there are cases in which it is too
slow to be perceived as motion at all. In
these and many other cases that might be
mentioned the photographic process is
called upon to aid the searcher after truth.
'•In some of the institutions of learning
photography is taugnt for the purpose of
preparing the student to use it in connec
tion with his experimental work in the
laboratory. It is not necessary that he
should become an artist capable of pro
ducing fine a portrait, or that he should
become a skillful retoucher, but it
is quite important that he should know
how to properly expo-e, dpvelop and fix a
dry plate or sensitized film and make
prints or lantern slides fn m tlieni. He
should not have to depend upon others to
do those things for him, and often in a
way ihat would not bring out the points
that he would like to have shown.
"Iti the remainder of this article some
of the u-es of photography w:ll be illus
trated by cuts from the original photo
graphs.
"A stretched cord which was being made
to vibrate for experimental purposes was
observed to have a peculiar path of vibra
tion, which it maintained continuously,
because it was being driven by a mecuan
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1896.
future husband or wife, but the person in
the room who is thinking of them, or per
haps some one far distant.
Besides the things mentioned, there is
the method, which is declared to be prac
ticable, of sittinc in a room With one or
more persons, thinking intently of the
street outside, with which all are famil
iar, and that before the mind's eye then
will pass in reproduction the events which
are transpiring out of doors.
All these things will be accomplished,
say the promoters of the psychic evening,
to the entire satisfaction of every one
present. This savors strongly of the pre
diction of the showman. Let us see just
what is' necessary to carry out the major
I portion of the programme outlined.
When the company is gathered the first
thing to be done is to learn who is the
best possible person to be the sensitive.
Oftentimes impressions are very erroneous
in this regard. The very person who may
seem to be frail and yielding is quite
likely to be possessed of altogether too
much wili-power. There is a certain test,
however, which is always tried, and that
is by the agent requesting the lady to
| Btand and to close her eyes. Then he will
j hold his right hand at a distance of from
I four to five inches over her forehead and
: wish that 3he may lean her forehead in I
! the direction of his hand. Should she do J
I this she would be considered sensitive.
The agent is generally a man. Women, !
as a rule, make good sensitives an i j
very poor agents. The men are superior
because they are more positive in will and
better able to concentrate their attention
upon the thoneht decided upon. It is the
refined organiza'ion of woman that makes i
her the best sensitive. She is more in- j
tuitive and more impresaionnte than man. <
The agent must be level-headed, quiet and i
determined. The sensitive must listen to I
and quietly obey the directions of the !
agent. These things accomplished and j
understood the rest of the programme is
clear.
ical device. To study the motion of the
cord an electric light was arraneed to
shine through a narrow slit and cut across
the cord at right angles to its length;
then when the room was made very dark
oniy the light point of the cord was visi
ble, this on account of the rapidity of the
motion described a bright line which was
photographed, giving the fiuure which !
somewhat resembles a written capital I. \
The exposure was repeated again after \
shifting the plate a little to one side, tiuis !
giving a pair of figures.
"In electrical measurements and ir.vesti- ;
gations there are many cases where pho-
Wonderful Photograph of a Eutterfly's Tongue
tography comes in as a very convenient
method of making records. One of these
is the taking of alternating current curves.
When an alternating current dynamo is
running it sends a current fir^t one way
around the line then the other, and these
sometimes flew at the rate of several hun
dred p_-r second. Now if an exceedingly
light mirror is attached to averv sni:ili bit
of iron, so that both together are smaller
than tho head of an ordinary pin, and
these are cemented to the middle of a
There are various ways in which experi
ments of thought transference will be car
ried out. One of them, for instance, is to
have the sensitive write or draw some
thing. The sensitive is blindfolded, but
this is not so much to prevent her seeing
as it is to concentrate her thoughts, for
concentration is an absolute necessity to
successful accomplishment.
The agent seats himself opposite the
blindfolded sensitive and draws a figure
on a piece of paper. After this is accom
plished he will pats the design around to
those present and each will study it thor
oughly. Sufficient intentness of gaze
must be given to the object in question
so that each person in the room may be
able to see the picture with their eyes
closed as well as open. Then the agent,
by concentrating his attention on the
mental vision, will transfer to the mind
of the sensitive the picture or figure which
he drew.
The sensitive will not know how she
gains the impression, perhaps, but she
will feel that she haa received an idea,
that she sees something. The chances are
that after removing the handkerchief she
wiJl be nble to fully describe the figure
drawn by the agent and visualized by all
the other persons in the room. It is de
clared l>y those who have made the experi
ment that the situation described will be
the result attained at such times in nine
cases out of ten. This experimental trans
lerence of thought brims or.t very clearly
the reason for the every-day thought trans
ference that takes pl?ce in families. There
is naturMly a general unity of thought in
inch circles, and the result is that thoughts
are frequently known to others before the
originator speaks them.
An experiment which is occasionally
tried and bids fair to be very popular is
that which causes the sensitive in several
rooms distant from an assembled com
pany to act in accordance with their
wishes. In this instance the sensitive
should leave the room where the company
short quartz fiber, which is fastened at its
ends, and then the proper magnetic and
electrical conditions are established, the
needle, as we may call the iron with its
mirror, will be deflected one way when the
current runs in one direction end the
otiier way when it flows in the otlier.
"If sunlight or the litrht from an arc
lamp is reflected from this little mirror
while it is vibrating and the reflected light
falls UDon a rapidly moving dry plate the
spot of light will leave a trace which will
be revealed by developing the plate. It
will resemble a wavy line like the traces
shown, which were made in that way, but
it has more meaning that a simple wavy
iine to the electrical engineer.
"When sound waves impinge upon a
stretched membrane they will cause it to
vibrate, and if the membrane covers tne
opening of a small cavity through which
illuminating gas is passing on its way to a
pinho'e gasjet the flame will dance up
and down with every wave, and when the
!-ound is a complex one the flame will pe
riodically shoot to different heights.
"By enriching the gas with oxygea the
is assembled by herself and go to some
other part of the house, auite a distance
away. Then if it is desired that she should
get a certain article in some other room
the agent should write the n>»me of what
ever it may be on a slip of paper, and this
slip of paper should be shown to each per
son in the room which the sensitive just
left.
Then every one, as well as the agent,
should think of t lie article in question and
form the desire in their minds that the
sensitive shall go and get the article and
bring it to the room from which she
started. In most cases the experiment is
entirely successful, although the sensitive
is wholly cut off from all conscious or un
conscious direction of either the agent or
tho other guests who are enjoying the
evening's entertainment.
A still more interesting trial of thought
transference is that which causes the
sensitive to speak a word. In this in
stance, when the sensitive, who has been
sent from the room, re-enters it and stands
just inside the door, all those present
think intently of some word which it has
been asrreed upon she shall say. In a mo
ment the sensitive will, as a rule, speak
the word. She cannot tell why. She only
knows that she has had an impulse to
speak, but cannot tell how it came to her.
It is the case that the agent, to be en
tirely successful, must be the principal
mover and planner of the actions which
the sensitive is to take. It is practically
through the strong will and mind of the
agent that the sensitive is made to see
with her mind's eye. If it is a drawing
that she is to describe, it is always best
that the agent should make that drawing.
He, above all others, should concentrate
his attention thereon after the drawing is
completed. Then he must insist that sev
eral of the other persons in the room keep
their minds upon the object delineated
with equal intentness.
The reason for using a drawing in an
instance of this sort is to reduce thought
to a drawn subject. This makes the re
production by thought infinitely easier
than it would be under other ciicum
stances. It is the way thought is utilized
in this series of experiments more than
the requirement that is made which en
ables thought transference to become a
thorougn success.
The impression should not be gained
that what has been described is at all in
the nature of hypno'Jsm or the so-called
spiritualism. Nothing of the sort. Those
who have experimented assert positively
that thought transference is no longer a
matter of doubt and that a careful trial
will convince any one. It is not neces
sary lor a person to become a medium or
anything of the sort. Two people witn
minds closely united always find tha.t they
know one another's thoughts almost in
tuitively. Tnis is held to be thought
transference. It will be given a thorough
test this winter at society's psychic even
ings.
Spice of Variety in Life.
The expression of his face showed that
he was easily irritated, and the contractor
into whoso office he walked braced him
self for trouble.
"I wish." said the irritable man, "that
you would do me a favor in connection
wiih the work on my house."
"Anything that we can do will be cheer
fully attended to."
"Thanic you. I wish you would send a
new man to do the painting."
"But the one we have there is an excel
lent workman." *
"I don't dotibt that. But he has been
there three days and he hasn't wtiistled
anything but 'Tell Them that You Saw
Me.' I'm pretty slow at catching a iune,
but I've learned that With ail the varia
tions, and if it's just the same to you I'd
like to start in on a new one." — Washing
ton Star.
A Big DeaL
The following story was told recently by
a woman who lived in the fur West and
did her shopping in New York by mail.
'•I had paid my bill the day before," she
said, ''but needed an article which was
marked on the catalogue '8 cents,' and at
the risK of lei tig informed tnat the order
was too small I sent it, and before I had
time to tell about the joke of sending an
8-cent order the article came prepaid with
a 4-cent stamp.
"At the end of the month I received a
statement in a sealed envelope showing
that I owed my New York correspondents
8 cents, for which I sent a check and re
ceived by return mail a receipt for that
amount. You see that my 8-cent purchase
cost the concern Scents in postage, and
still it spems anxious to have my trade."
— New York Tribune.
Seven of the largest theaters in Italy are
subsidized by the state.
flame may be made brisrht enough to
make an instantaneous picture of itself
very time it shoots up, and by swinging
the camera around while exposing tho
successive images will fall at different
places across the plate, and they will, by
their relative sizes, indicate the character
of tbo sound.
"The photograph of the tongue of a but
terfly which is shown was made by first
mounting the object upon a microscopic
slide, then illuminating it by an ordinary
gas light, a lens being used to concentrate
the rays of light upon it; an enlarged
image of the object was then produced by
means of a part of a microscope including
the objective. The image being so greatly
enlarged was necessarily quite faint, so
the time of exposure had to be increased
according.
"Sometimes an object is opaque, then it
must be lighted from the front; this is
the case when one wishes to photograph
the broken end of an electric light carbon
to show the grain highly mjieniried.
"Gkrogk S. Molek."
All these odd things of which Professor
Moler tells he has learned largely through
hit iwn experience. Hence what he says
can be accepted as the utterance of a man
who knows. He tells what the camera is
daily showing, that in the simplest things
of insect life* lie the greatest wonders.
Admitting Women.
The question of the admission of women
to the Ecole dcs Beaux Arts in Paris is
again to be brought before the French
Parliament as an amendment to the
budget. The Government will probably
leave the matter entirely in the hands of
the Chamber, without interposing any op
position. It is not thought probable,
however, thatthe measure will be adopted,
us it would involve large additional ex
pense, chiefly because the size of the
classes would be so increased that the
building would have to be enlarged or a
new one provided, especially as it would
be considered necessary that the instruc
tion bs given to the sexes separately.—
New York Tiibune.
As a child, King TJmberto of Italy was
extremely fragile, and as a youth he was
very delicate. When he grew older, how
ever, his constitution improved, and now
he almost equals his late father, Victor
Emmanuel, in robustness.
America Can Rival
Pisa s Leaning Tower
THE leaning tower of Pisa has a pro
totype in America. It is 2CO feet Inch
and at the base is two-thirds that
number of feet in circumference. At pres
ent it is thirteen inches out oi plumb, and
during a heavy storm, sways back and
forth like a willow wand.
Tnis remarkable structure is built on
the grounds of E» C. Steams & Co., accord
ing to a system invented by Sanford E.
Loring, an architect of Syracuse, where
the tower is located. By his system
heavy timbers are braced continuously
and connected by iron shoukler-pjates,
which take the place of the skeleton steel
construction. The brick on the outside is
merely a veneer, vand not a supporting
wail in any sense of the term. The tower
i° unprotected, and has to take the force
of every gale that blows.
It is just now the cau=e of fierce strife in
Syracuse, because the people declare that
it i 3 an imminent source of danger and
liable to fall at any moment. Architect
Loring, however, says that if it was thir
teen feet out of plumb, instead of thirteen'
inches, it would still be as safe as a
church, and that people might walkabout
under and around it all day and be in no
more danger than in the Mammoth Cave.
The Syracuse Common Council avers that
the tower is a public menace, and the ar
chitect in reply holds that it is perfectly
intact and safe, and that it will stand any
strain that is likely to come in the luture.
The Steams tower has only become of
the leaning variety at a comparatively
recent date. The circumstance that,
brought it into prominence in this role
was a hurricane, or, as sotne call it, a tor
nado. In any event it was a tremendous
wind, the fiercest nnd the fastest which
even the oldest inhabitant of Syracuse
ever heard of. The wind came from the
southeast, striking the tower upon the
faces shown in the accompanying illustra
tion. In its vicinity immense trees were
torn up by the roots, the roofs of ereat
The Leaning Tower of Syracuse.
Napoleon's "Warhorses.
The most celebrated warhorse of the
present century is unquestionably Napo
leon's Marengo, says Our Animal Friends.
In view of the many hundred biographies
of the great captain, it is certainly sur
prising that so little should be known with
any degree of certainty concerning this
world-famous charger.
To an American visitor to the dethroned
Bonapartes at Chiselhurst, in June, 1872,
Louis Napoleon, in a conversation about
his own horses and the war steeds of the
most illustrious of modern soiders said :
"The Emperor's favorite charger was
Marengo, an Arab, of good size and style,
and almost while. . -He rode him in his
last battle of Mount St. Jean, where
Marengo received his seventh wound. I
once mounted him when a youth, and but
a short time before the steed died, at th^e
age of o(j. Another favorite warhorse
was named Maria, and was used by the
Emperor xn many of his hundred battles.
Her skeleton is now to be seen in the an
cient castle of Ivenach on the Rhine, the
property of the Van Piessen family. Of
the other sixty or seventy horses owned
by Napoleon and used in battle, perhaps
the mo3t famous were Ali, Austerhiz,
Styrie and Jaffa. Ho had nineteen
chargers killed under him.
The American visitor might have added,
but did not, that Marshal Blucher had
twenty shot in battle, while Generals Cus
terand Forrest are believed to have each
lost almost as many in tne brief period of
four years. Maria, or Marie, is thus de
scribed by Victor Huso in the words of a
French veteran:
'On the day when Napoleon gave me
the cross I noticed his beast. It had its
ears very far apart, a deep saddle, a fine
head, marked with a black star, a very
buildings were twisted off and torn away
as if they had teen of half-inch plank.
Buildin-s in their entirety were lifted up
and smashed into kindling wood, but
though the big tower swayed from
side to side, as if understanding that it
was made to bend and not to break, it did
not fall.
On the top of this tall tower is a water
tank, and thia tank contained at the time
of the storm its normal contents, 10,000
gallons of water. When' the storm was
over and the sunlipht shone again hardly
a gallon of water had beon lost from the
tanic, so far as appearances indicated.
The tower, however, showed the eltect of
the terrific blow. Before the storm hap
pened, the structure had been as straight
as a ilritish grenadier, but now it was
found it had been twisted upon it 3 axis
and bent over so that it leaned in as great
a degree as the iamous tower of Pisa.
It will be observed by a glance at the
picture that there are one or two breaches
in the walls and that some of the window
sashes are in a woefully dilapidated con
dition, but otherwise it seems to be in
very good shape indeed. The space be
tween the third and fourth stori>s and the
sixtn and seventh seems to have suffered
from the storm the most severely. The
sole fact that saved the tower fiom demoli
tion was the peculiarity of the structure,
which is curiously arranged iron work.
Th 1 * brick wall that seems to form the
structure is, as stated, simply veneer, and
the holes that the storm rent through it
indicate lorcipjy what would have baeu
the fate of the structure had the brick
entered into its composition more largely.
As it is, it is the strangest specimen of
what clever architectural work will stand,
and before the Common Council and the
Steams people are through with the war
it is making it all promises to become one
of those legal rights that will go down into
history as events in which every one is in
terested.
long necK, prominent knees, projecting
flanks, oblique shoulders and a strong
crupper. She was a little above fifteen
hands high."
The Hon. Francis Lawley of London
possesses ti~e picture of a white Arab stal
lion, the history of which is well known,
with the inscription in Franch, "Ali,
battle-charger of Napoleon." He was
captured from the Mamelukes and pre
sented to the great captain. On Napo
leon's downfall a French gentleman pur
chased Jaffa and Marengo and conveyed
them to his estate in England. The tomb
stone of the former is to be, seen at Glas
senbury, in Kent, with this inscription:
"Under this stone lies Jaffa, the celebrated
charger of Napoleon."
The last trumpet call sounded for Ma
rengo in September, 1829, just as he had
completed 3(3 years. After his death his
bones received an honorable place in the
Military Institute, as already mentioned.
Another souvenir of the famous steed is
one of his hoofs made into a snuff-box,
which makes its daily round after dinner
at the Queen's Guard, in St. James' Pal
ace, London. On the silver lid is the
legend: "Hoof of Marengo, barb charger
of Napoleon, ridden by him at Marengo,
Austerlitz, Jena, Wagram, in the Russian
campaign, and at Waterloo," and round
the silver shoe the legend continues:
"Marengo was wounded in the right hip
at Waterloo, when hi 3 great master was
on him in the hollow road in advance of
the French position. He had been fre
quently wounded before in other battles,"
Some electricians carry a small com*
pass in their pockets, and before they
touch a wire hold the compass near it. If
the needle is not deflected tney know there
is no current in> it, and that it is safe to
handle it.
23

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