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VOLUME LXXXI.-NO. 47.
WEYLER'S CRUEL DECREE IN FORCE ■;t:\: ••'•7 •■■-;■ ' "Valuable Prcp.rties in the : ; Provinces Must Be Abandoned. .'•*." •' __________ ■r- , .* ■ Eut at the Same Time the . Owners Are Expected to Pay Taxes. . An Augmentation cf the Misery Caused :'.'.... by . Crowding the Cubans Into Towns. -_.'• KEY WEST, Fla., Jan. 15.— Advices '!:6m Havana state that the effect of Wey f ier's famous Bayate edict of the Ist inst. is \ teing felt with more intensity in the provinces of Havana and Matanzas than •"in' tbat of Pinar del Rio, since those provinces, being more thickly populated and having more farms and estates than the former, the wholesale abandonment of the properties and concentration of the people in the towns will not only augment misery already prevailing, but also present the serious inconvenience of lodging so many people in towns already full to overflowing. ' Without discussing Weyler's inhuman measures in thu3 depriving peaceful and unoffending citizens of their rightful means of existence and handling tnem iv already crowded spaces, exposed to all the rigors of hunger and disease, simply for the sake of clearing the country of so called rebel sympathizers, a legal point has been sprung by the foreign property owners, especially the Americans who .own large properties in the provinces of Havana and Matanzas, which will surely lead to complications and claims on the Spanish Government. Weyler distinctly states iv the decree that those who wish to remain on their properties must exhibit the last tax bill • paid. As taxes are only levied on productive industries, and these planters have not been able to worK en account of the ab normal conditions in the provinces since Gomez' invasion in December, ISOS, no taxes have teen collected since tha; time. The Government tacitly admitting such unusual circumstances or being powerless to collect them while the rebels were in possession of the country, did not press their collections, consequently no taxes have been paid in the country since the . date mentioned. Besides that Weyler has unofficial ! ordered that no sugar crop should be ] r..dde, and now he wants the sugar-plant- ! ers to pay taxes on an industry which j they nave not been able to produce. One result is that the manager of the | sugar estate at San Antonio, near Mad ruga, Havana, owned by Antonio Terry, an American citizen residing in Paris, presented himself to Consul Lee demand ing protection because the military com mander ot Madruga ordered him to aban don the place, which is one of the most valuable estates in the province, worth half a million dollars, because he did not present the required tax bill. Consul Lee at once took the case in hand, and simul taneously pressnted the case to the Cap- I tain-General and the State Department at Washington. No replies ha.* been received either from Weyler or Secretary Q;ney. To depict the situation in Pinar del Reo noihi-ig can be better said than to trans late tiie report of a trip made to the city of that name by a correspondent of La Luch "All the way traversed by the railroad from Artemisa to Conso'acion del Suris, without exaggeration the most chastised, has undoubtedly suffered most irom the ricors of war. The fields wasted and abandoned; the bushes and trees de stroyed and the yellow and decayed leaves strewn by the wind as tears drawn from the mother earth, pained and anguished at the folly of men; the huts destroyed; the stone houses, in other times happy homes, converted by the hands of rebels end Spanish alike into heaps of ruins, the black and fallen walls of which, covered with lichen, only serve as a refuge for the lizards and owls; the canefieids, dried up and covered with bushes by the ravages of fire; the towns, the authorities of which are making great efforts to remedy the necessi ties of I he residents full of people, of poor lamilies who daily troop down from the hills, attenuated by hunger and emaciated by the fevers in such a way that they re "semble skeletons risen out of their tombs to appear before the final judgment. To the right and left of the road as fast as the train winds its rapid march the trav eler observes with painful anguish the desolation and ruin within the inextin guishable poetry of these exuberant fields, always green with the eternal verdure of spring, as if God witb his eloquence would show us that the only thing we men can do is to destroy the beauties which surged from his bounteous will." 11 ■!!■■■ m i— __<iiii-iiiii«iiiii.iiii-— m.l '__B**_H**l MAY AOO.V ESD THE WAR. Senator Sherman Thinks That Spain Mil" Grant Autonomy. PITTSBURG, Pa., Jan. 15.-Senator Sherman passed through Pittsburg to night, en route from Canton to Washing ton. On the subject of Cuba Senator Sherman said: "It begins to look as though Spain would grant Cuba some kind of autonomy which will speedily end the war. If the Spanish Government would grant to the people of Cuba the same rights that are accorded to the people of Spain it would have much to do with ending the strug gle. I am in favor of non-interference with the affairs of Cuba. About all we want to do is to buy products of the island and sell her all tbe goods we can. I do not believe there is any reliable news coming from the war. * "We have no knowledge of what our representative, Mr. Lee, reported to the President, except as might be inferred from the message, and one can readily un derstand that it might be embarrassing to him, in his relations with the Spanish authorities at Havana, if the full text of his report were made public. We do know, however, that the reports from The San Francisco Call. Cuba, published in the newspapers every morning, are very unreliable." "How about an extra session of Con gress?" Senator Sherman was asked. "It is absolutely certain that we will have an extra session, and the earlier It is held the better. It is very necessary that we should have a prompt readjustment of the tariff, and it is probable that the extra session will be confined to tariff legisla tion exclusively, though you know Con gress can consider any subject once it is called in session." "Who will probably succeed you, Sena tor, as chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee?" 'Probably Senator Cushman K. Davis of Minnesota, though Senator William P. Frye of Maine is next in order of appoint ment to a place on the committee. Mr. Frye, I believe, will prefer to remain at the head of the Committee on Commerce." WEYLER _*.*. JHE FIELD. Marching in the Direction of the Forces Under Gomez. NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 16.— The Herald's correspondent in Jacksonville, Fla., telegraphs a3 follows: I have received a dispatch from Havana which says that General Weyler has again left that city with his columns for the field. This time the captain-general marches, Havana advices say, in the direction of the borders of Matanzas and Las Villas, where Maximo Gomez is supposed to be. A special cable to the Herald from Ha vana says: The Rev. Samuel D. Payne, pastor of a Congregational church in San ford, Flu., writes to Consul-General Lee to look out for his son, who he believes was captured by Spaniards. John W. Sher man, a Lynchburg (Va.) printer, is also sought for through the consulate ny his wife. REFORMS FOR CUBA. It Is Alto Reported That Sanguilly May lie Pardoned. LONDON, Em?., Jan. 15.— A dispatch I from Madrid says that the Cabinet council, | over which the Queen Regent presided, i has decided to immediately introduce re- I forms in Cuba. The decree putting the i reforms into effect will be published on the King's fete day. The dispatch also says it is probable that Julio San guilly, the American citizen recently sentenced in Havana to life imprisonment, will be granted a free pardon. LONDON. Eng., Jan. 15.— The Madrid correspondent of the Standard confirms the statement that the Spanish Govern ment has decided to immediately effect reforms in Cuba. It is added that the Government is taking such a serious step I o.i the event of Mr. McKinley's advent to j office, hoping to clearly indicate that it ! acted spontaneously in going even beyond the power voted by the Cortes, for which 'he latter must grant a bill of indemnity. The reforms will show to what extent the Government is prepared to go, and that it i is gradually preparing the colonies for ! autonomy, without yielding the rights of ! Spain and Parliament. It will also soon ; be seen that Spain is disposed to make j sacrifices in connection with the Cuban j budget. The reforms will not be realized •a; thou: seriously dashing with Spain's i material interests. Spaniards look with j impatience and anxiety to the effect the ! reforms will have in America. -SO MEGOIIATIOMi MADE. Premier Co nor us .-.uihorires a Denial of Published Reports. NEW YORK, N. V.. Jan. 16.— special cable dispatch to the Herald from Madrid says: In regard to the reported negotia tions with the United States to bring about peace in Cuba, Premier Canovas says in an interview published in the Im parcial yesterday that no negotiations are going on. He authorized the paper to deny the re ports published both in the Spanish and foreign press. All he knows is that they are entirely unfounded. "I have been studying the problem of reforms," he said, "for some time, and I will hand the decree to the Gazette when the moment for enforcing them is consid ered opportune. "The reforms will be most ample — more ample, natuially, than those granted to Porto Rico. They will, I trust, satisfy the necessities." Going to Fitht for Cuba. WASHINGTON. D. C. Jan. 15.— Second Lieutenant Charles E. Hays of the Eighteenth Infantry, who is a native cff Illinois and rose from the ranks five years ago, has gone to Cuba to accept a com mission in tbat army. In his resignation, which was accepted by the President to date from January 6, he made no refer ence to his future movements, but in transmitting the resignation to his colonel he said that he was going to fight for Cuba's freedom. The Fuerst Bismarck Herself Again. HAMBURG, Germany, Jan. 15.— The Hamburg-American line steamer Fuerst Bismarck sustained no damage whatever by grounding in the river Elbe, where sue remained for a week, and will sail for New York on Monday. SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 16, 1897. HOW HAVANA IS FORTIFIED BY THE SPANIARDS Havana has long bsen rated as one of the most strongly fortified places in the world, and certainly as the second strongest if not actually the first in the Western Hemisphere. It has been considered as practically impregnable, and justly so if massive stone walls, frowning fortresses and numbers of guns should count for anything, for with these Havana is most abundantly furnished. Its impregnability to-day, however, against attack by modern means and methods is an open question. Since its capture by the English in 1762, when the Morro Castle was mined and taken, no attempt has been made against the city, and its powers of resist ance have remained unproved". Since that time, too. its defenses have been largely strengthened. At the time of the English attack they consisted of the Castillo de La Fuerza, built in 1530 by Hernando de Soto, on the eastern side of the town, as a defense against pirates who had taken and burned the city two years before; the Castillo de La Punta and the Castillo de Las Tres Reyes del Morro, at the entrance to the harbor, begun in 1589. after a second capture and sack of the city by the pirate Jacob Sores. Though often threatened, for nearly 80 years these partially completed structures served to keep off any attack. In June, 1762, an English fleet of 200 sail, with an army of 14.000 men, under the Duke of Albemarle, appeared off the town. Landing a large force on the coast east of Murro Castle, they laid seige to it for two months, finally springing a mine and taking it by assault. The city capitulated and was held with the coast from , Mariel to Matanzas till the following year, when it was restored to Spain in exchange for the Floridas. vs - , .-. '< ' ■ r^?^<Kl '"'"- -'■*- '"•-'" -, Upon their departure the reconstrhction of Morro Castle was begun under the direction of the celebrated Marshal O'Reilly. Also the erection of the fortress San Carlos de La Cabana, just east of Morro; the fortress of Santo Domingo de Atares, some distance below the arsenal, on the southwestern^end^^th^-j-v^^tph^^* Castillo de Pnncioe, on & hill about biaii. w?miAjtetMM*m*a. -Xtmm vm* tnu.am fc-ftt-t im _uwHuß-*hwl by -WTt, btrt *_*«•- _e*,n «*:•_<_«- >»«• . -c „~.. time to time since, and several minor batteries added. San Diego, or Fort Number Four, just east the Cabana, commanding the land approaches from the east as well as the bay; the Queen's battery, on the northwestern corner of the new town; the battery Santa Clara, ,on a considerable eminence further to the west, and San Nasario battery, between it and Principe, as well as the battery of the "Twelve Apostles," near the Morro, mounting twelve pound bronze cons; a water battery, La Paslora, at the foot of the western slope from La Cabana, bearing directly upon the entrance, and Casa Blanca, near the water's edge, further east. An old tower, La Charrera, stands on the coast some two miles to the west of St. Lazaro cove. Quite recently new batteries on modern plans and with modern equipments have been constructed one on the coast northeast of Morro and another on a hill west of Santa Clara battery. Morro Castle, being an object of much prominence on entering the harbor, is briefly described, as far as can be seen from the outside, by nearly every writer on Havana, and those few visitors who in times of peace have been able to gain access to the inside have been limited to certain parts of the fortress, commanding fine views, but affording no opportunities for observing the details as to armament, etc. Its walls are of massive stones and of great thickness, on the scarp being fully 100 feet high and 50 feet wide on top. There are a large number of old-fashioned 24 and 32 pounders strung around, and lately a number of modern cuns of high range have been mounted on the west and sea side. The .sea coast battery just beyond, in addition to its twenty-four 32-pounders, has been strengthened with some Krupp guns. A covered way leads from Morro to this battery, also one to La Cabana fortress, further to the east The Fortress de La Cabana is the largest on the Island, and said to be one of the best in the whole world. Lite the Morro, the forts are constructed of solid stone and concrete. They are over half a mile long, and have room for an unlimited number of cannon and accommodations for 4500 men. They mount a large num ber of old-time cannon, many of them relics of special instances of triumph of the Spanish arms— bearing such once awe-inspiring names as 'The Thunderer," "The Peace-maker." "La Terror," "La Destrucion," etc. Newer guns have been added in later years, which sweep the sea to the north, as well as the city to the south, the country on the lower side of the bay and beyond Regla, and even as far as Guanabacoa, three miles to the east. On the southern side of the fortress the wads rise right up the bay side, and on the northern and eastern sides are of great strength and height. San Diego, or No. 4, lies about half a mile east of La Ca bana, and was once quite a strong fort. It commands the land approaches from the east, and has lately been improved and strengthened with new guns. Of the fortresses on the otner side of the bay Del Principe is by far the largest and strongest. It commands not only the approach by sea and the entrance to , the harbor, but also the country around in every direction. It bas been improved and strengthened lately, as have the batteries to the north, intended for sea defense. The new battery to the west of the Santa Clara has only lately been completed. It is said to be equipped with Krupp and Armstrong guns of late model, and will doubt less prove to an attacking force one of the most formidable defences of the whole lot. Each of these fortresses has its own Governor or commander, who resides within its walls— all bein_ of course under the Captain-General. La Cabana ana Del Principe are under the command of brigadier-generals of the Spanish army. Morro has a major; La Punta, San Diego, Santa Ciara, San Nasario and the new battery, captains, and the others, including Atares, on the south of the city, lieutenants. This grading of the commanders gives some idea of the relative importance of the several fortresses from a Spanish point of view. Against such appliances as the insurgent army can command the city is indeed impregnable, with La Cabana and San Diego commanding the approaches from the east and southeast; Atares on tho south and Del Principe and the other batteries to the north of it, sweeping the country to the south and west a_d southwest; these would render a belt of country encircling the entire city from one and a half to two miles wide untenable by any force, unless advancing by regular siege ap proaches. Strategy or treachery alone could put any of these strong fortresses in possession of the insurgents. Swift raids might give them temporary possession of parts of the city, but the whole place is so thoroughly commanded by Dal Principe and Li Cabana that it could soon be destroyed . and burned over their heads. Other provision is also made against such raid 3. On every road leading into Hivana fortifications have been erected, equipped and manned. Miles of earthworks have been thrown up, and on every little eminence commanding a half-mile radius a fort has been built of stone and earth and roofed with boiler plate, and having a lookout on top. Every little cluster of houses on the outskirts of the city, and every plantation near has its little fort commanding the place. These are garrisoned by from 80 to 150 men, and many have machine guns. Th. approaches to Regla, across the way from Havana, and to Guanabacoa, some three mile* to the east, are likewise guarded. The su.ar warehouses of Regla are use as forts; barricades of barrels and sugar sacks, filled with earth, built across the roads, and barbed wire strung on if posts all around the towns to guard against sudden raids. . Even in the piping times of peace Havana is essentially a military city. The very head of the Government is a soldier, and so on down to the lowest. The officials are mainly military men. At every corner is a soldier, a sentinel stands before every public office. . Guard reliefs and patrols traverse the streets at all times. Bugle calls and drum rolls fill the air, and "Quien vive?" "Who goes there?" is to be heard at all times, day and night. The plain answer, "Espana," Spaniard, or "Forastero," foreigner, is not sufficient, especially at night. If you have no pass, a full and minute explanation must be given as to who you are, and the object . you have in being on the street. Formerly the answer "Americano" would be enough to lower the challenger's gun instanter and allow you to pass on your way freely, but now it is the very opposite. The American is no longer popular, either with the "peninsulares"' or Spanish soldiers, or the "insuiares" or those recruited on the island. Every opportunity of stopping him is seized, and this, with the constant espionage of the detectives who dog the steps of every visitor from the • United States, makes one feel that he is a persona non grata in Havana. . , PRICE FIVE CENTS. RETRENCHMENT HOW DEMANDED Purchase of the Expensive Furniture Will Be In vestigated. Meanwhile Warrants for Pay ment Will Be Withheld by the Controller. Speaker Coombs Says Plainly That tho Grind Jury Will Consider the Expenditures. SACRAMENTO, Cal., Jan. 15.—Ac cording to caucus programme the Assem bly Democrats and Populists roared to day on the extravagances of temporary organization. It was acknowledged that there was no law against the chief clerk putting 111 attaches on the temporary roll, but Mr. Shanahan denounced the act as extravagant beyond all precedent. He said that the present term was his fifth in the Assembly. During the session in which he last served th-s cost of tempo rary organization was only $600, which sum was $500 more than ought to have been allowed. The obvious deduction was tbat the present Legislature in allowing $4000 had exceeded a just allowance by $3900. While the members were storming about expenses already incurred and paid, The Call arrived, containing an exclu sive account of the reckless squandering of the contingent fund for the purchase of costly furniture. Two years ago commit tee-room lurniiure sufficient to last the Legislature lor twenty years was pur chased. Already this session ten expen sive desks, costing about $50 each, have been bought for the Assembly, and as many more for the Senate. The expose in The Call prompted As semblyman Emmons of Kern to imme diately prepare and introduce the follow ing resolution to investigate the trans actions: Resolved, That this House Instruct the Con troller to withhold all warrants for furniture purchased during this thirty-second session of the Legislature, ostensibly for the use of the various committees of the Assembly, until the said purchase can be investigated by a com mittee appointed for that purpose. The .resolution was not referred to a committee but was immediately adopted by the Assembly, and in accordance with. He p-orUioi** tt* ment oi furniture "will not be authorized until all the facts are presented to the House. Action of a similar character will probably, be taken by the Senate. During the discussion on the subject of the roll of temporary organization Speaker Coombs announced that he had taken steps to present the matter to the Grand Jury should the Assembly fail to investi gate. Subsequently the Speaker, who had called Judge Dibble to the chair, said on the floor that the announcement he had made with reference to Grand Jury inves tigation was not intended to prevent in quiry by the House. Assemblyman North of Alameda sug gested that the best thing to do was to wait until the committee of five to whom the subject was referred should present a report. Mr. Shanahan raised the point of order that the committee of five represented a caucus unknown officially to tne Assem- biv. "Mr. North did not acknowledge that the committee referred to was appointed by the Republican caucus; neither did he deny it. The discussion ended by sending the Dryden resolution, calling for an investi gation to the Committee on Attaches. The Speaker indicated that the committee would report next Monday. There was another breeze over the San ford resolution to thank Congress for de feating the funtiin*. bill and to as_ the Governor to proclaim a legal holiday in honor of the defeat. This resolution emanating from the union caucus of Democrats and Populists was concocted for political buncombe. The Republicans perceived this point yesterday and re ferred the subject to the Committee on Federal Relations, Mr. Goodhue, chair man. To-day the committee reported the following substitute:. Resolved, That the Assembly of California congratulates the people upon the defeat of the refunding bill in Congress, and earnestly protests against the passage of any other bill of like import whatever now pending or to bo introduced hereafter; that it is opposed to pe titioning the executive to declare Saturday a legal holiday in honor of the passage or defeat of any bill pending in Congress; that the ex ecutive is vested with power, under section IO of the Political Code of CalHornia, to declare legal holidays and suspend general business, including all industrial pursuits, and should the executive of this State deem that such occasion has arisen upon the de feat of the funding bill, or shoull ha deem such occasion arises upon the passage of a protective tariff upon the lines of the former McKinley tariff law, the executive of this State, iv the exercise of his discretion, will doubtless proclaim a holiday; that this Assembly will aajourn at such time as it may deem proper in view of the public duties which may be imposed upon it from time to time and will remain In session when it can best subserve the interests of the people of California. S. E. Goodhue, Chairman. The reference on the substitute for a legal holiday in honor of a protective tariff bill riled Snanahan and other Popu lists. Mr. Caminetti asserted that the minority on the floor had had no opportunity to study the substitute. Besides, he pro tested against the action of the committee, ln his judgment the language of the reso lution was not respectful. He thought the Assembly should show more respect to the Governor. He moved that the reso lution be recommitted to the committee. Assemblymen Bridgford, Caminetti, Shanahan, San ford and Emmons partici pated in the discussion. Ou the motion to recommit it North of Aiameda called ths previous question. The question was ordered and the recommittal denied. The report ot the committee was adopted. Mr. Sanford changed his vote and gave notice of leconsideration. This indicates that the minority will renew the fight next Monday. Assemblyman Emmons was allowed to file a protest in the journal to "the effect that the original resolution introduced by Sanford was not sent to the committee. Chief Clerk Duckworth was allowed to insert in the journal that he sent the original resolution to the State. Printer in obedience to the rules of the House and the law of the State. - In the field of real leadership Judge Henry C. Dibble has been accorded the