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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 21, 1897, Image 3

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Seventeen Officers Are
Made Prisoners and One
Is Hanged.
The Unlucky One a Native of
the Island and a Traitor to
the Cause.
Sharp Lookout for General Fondelieu,
Whose Head Must Pay for His
Many Crimes.
KEY WEST, Fla., Jan. 20.— Passengers
by the steamer Olivette to-night report
that the insurgents near Arranguren last
Saturday night stopped the train bound
from Regla to Guanabacoa and made
prisoners of seventeen Spanish officers,
one of which was a Cuban. They carried
them to Jaruco, where they hanged the
Cuban, and after three days liberated the
' . The Spaniards are loud in their praise
" of the treatment accorded them by their
captors, whom they claim treated them
as guests and not as prisoners.
The insurgents were on the lookout for
General Fondelieu, the assassin who was
reported to be a passenger on that train.
They were, however, disappointed, as he
had passed the day before. The insur
gents will make short shrift of this officer
if be should fall into their hands, on ac
count of the many murders he has com
mitted recently in Guanabacoa.
Weyler left Havana yesterday to join
the Spanish column operating near Ha
Eighty-five pacifico* were made prison
ers in Guanabacoa yesterday,
Shocking Methods Adopted by Weyler in
His Besperation.
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 20.— Sun
special from Washington says: Senor
Quesada, Charge d'Affaires of the Cuban
legation in this city, says he has received
authoritative information that General
Weyler is foilowin. the tactics that he
employed in the last Cuban war, when he
inflicted all sorts of indignities upon
Cubans. Senor Quesada asserts that
Weyler has the idea that by seizing and
throwing into prison the female relatives
of Cuban leaders he can compel tho-e
leaders to sue for peace. Acting under
his orders, Avecilla, the Governor of
Puerto Principe, has arrested four of the
most prominent ladies in Cuba. Quesada
said this afternoon:
"These ladies, who are the peers of any
women on earth, were dragged through
the streets of Puerto Principe by Spanish
soldiers a3 if they were common crimi
nals, and were thrown into prison. There '
is not a bole in tbe lowest slums of an ;
American city half so filthy or vile as a |
Spanish prison. The ladies were placed '
in an apartment with disorderly women,
who bad evidently been arrested in ad
vance for the purpose of making the in- j
dignity visited upon the ladies all the j
more outrageous.
"From this you can see what Wej |
means by his alleged policy of pacification. j
And this outrage is, we are informed, only
the beginning of a general arrest of every
decent woman in the Cuban cities cow
under Spanish control who is either a rel
ative of a Cuban patriot or who is known
or suspected or suspected of cherishing
sympathy for the Cuban cause.
"Can any one imagine for a moment," i
continued Quesada, "that men with a \
drop of honorable blood in their veins j
will submit to any proposals or overtures j
from a nation liKe Spain, which makes war I
upon her women? Instead of bringing
our leaders submissive to Spain's feet, j
Weyler's present policy will make them j
all the more earnest and vigorous in their I
efforts for freedom.
"And our women would rise themselves '
and denounce our leaders were they to al
low the indignities visited upon them to
weaken the determination to wrest their
homes and liberties from Spanish control.
I hope American men who have mothers
and wives and sisters will ponder and
think over these terrible things and con
i sider whether such a thing should be al
lowed at the very doors of the country."
When questioned as to the blowing up i
of the Spanish gunboat Relampago, Senor j
Quesada said: "That is the best answer j
yet given to ali the rumors regarding j
propositions for home rule that have been j
alleged to emanate from the Cuban lead- 1
ers." . .
Bitcouragsd at If'eylsr's Failure to
Crush the Revolution.
LONDON, Esq.. Jan. 20.— Tbe Daily
News will to-morrow publish a dispatch
from Paris saying that it is reported there
that Senor Canavos del Castillo, the Span
ish Premier, has stated to his friends that
if General Weyler does not succeed in
crushing the revolution in Cuba by the
time the rainy season sets in he (Canovas)
will resign.
Ttie writer of the dispatch adds that
negotiations were being carried on be
tween Washington and Spain for a settle
ment when the Premier was amazed and
dismayed by a dispatch from Washington
intimating that Secretary Olney had not
time to settle the war and would leave it
for the administration of President Mc-
Due to Exposure and < ruel Treatment
in f üban Prisons".
NEW YORK. N. V., Jan. 20.-The
death of Henry Deleado, which is an
nounced in a Havana dispatch received at
the State Department at Washington to
day, was primarily due to exposure me
diately after he landed in Cuba. He
tramped nearly 300 miles through the
billy country around Pinar del Rio and
became so thoroughly exhausted that he
was ta_en down with fever.
He sought refuge in one of the huts
which the insurgents used as held hos
pitals, where he was captured by the
Spaniards under command of General
Melguizo. The Spanish general gave or
ders that the correspondent should be
killed on the spot, as two of his com
panions had been. He discovered the
"identity of the sick man, and fearing
further complications with the United
States Government— as he was the same
soldier who assaulted the venerable Jose
Delgado, which has resulted in a claim
against the Spanish Government— the
prisoner's life was spared.
He was sent to Havana with word that
he might possibly be Piero Delgado, one
of Maceo's lieutenants, for wbom a reward
of $5000 had been offered: The young man
was sent to San Ambrosia Hospital, where
he developed an abscess of the liver, and it
was decided that the operation of -laparot
omy would have to be performed as a
last resort to save his life. The operation
was performed, and thou Delgado sur
vived several days, he succumbed as a
result of the fever.
Mr. Delgado was born in this city and
lived nearly all bis life here in Brooklyn.
He was educated in ihe Carlisle Institute.
He married Miss Granger of Hudson, N.
V., some years ago. His widow is now in
New York. They have one child. C. B.
Grone, a brother-in-law of Delgado, will
see that the body is embalmed and sent to
New York.
Cubans Rejoicing Over the Bestruction
of the Spanish Gunboat.
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 20.— Glad tid
ing to Cubans in this city were those
which yesterday announced the sinking
of the Spanish gunboat Relampago by
means of a torpedo while the ship was
hurrying to the assistance of the garrison
of Fort Guamo, on the Cuato River, the
most important inland waterway of the
Three weeks ago a letter was received
in tnis city in wbich the writer said that
the delay in beginning war upon Spain's
patrol fleet was due to the blunder of
those who shipped the wire and the
generator of electricity to be used in ex
ploding torpedoes. The mistake had
been rectified, and that the material
reached its destination safely is proved by
the destruction of the Relampago on
Saturday of last week.
A gentleman who knows the electrician
who accomplished the first marine victory
for Cuba libre said last night:
"The man under whose supervision the
insurgents have begun war on Spain's
gunboats is thoroughly proficient in elec
trical engineering, and I believe this new
departure will result in the loss of many
more of Spain's gunboats."
"Do you believe that torpedoes can be
placed in waters adjacent to Havana?"
"That will not be attempted. The field
of operations is sufficiently broad without
attempting what would be foolish. The
torpedo service will devote its energy ex
clusively to rivers navigated by the Span
ish gunboats and to the unprotected an
chorages to which they retreat at night.
There are more than forty war vessels of
different kinds in Cuban waters. They
are seldom in Havana harbor. They will
be easy game when once our torpedo ser
vice has become in a degree perfected. I
shall be disappointed If we do not hear of
other successful attacks upon Spain's fleet
within the coming fortnight,"
Alarming Conditions in Cuba That
Manm-ss Thi*. Country.
NEW YORK. N. V., Jan. 20.— Advices
to the Sun from Havana say: There are
2063 cases of smallpox in Havana. At
Guanajay, in Pinar del Rey province,
which has only 10,000 inhabitants, there
are 4067 cases. Smallpox and malaria are
also ravaging the country, and it may be
safely said that the sanitary condition of
Cuba is far a greater danger to the United
States than the much-feared bubonic
plague of India. Cuba is close to our
' coasts and there is daily communication
I between tbe island and the mainland.
At the end of March the depressing
warm weather begins here, and then
diseases of a contagious nature spread
twice as fast as during the winter. Cuba
is now a focus of diseases and may become
a source of danger to the whole world.
The smallpox was introduced here by
the 200,000 soldiers from Spain. The
J Spanish common people are not cleanly
in their habits, and, moreover, they come
to Cuba crowded by thousands in tne
j dirty steamers of the Campania Trans-
Atlantica, in which no well-bred Ameri
can would travel if he could possibly help
it. Under sucn conditions, these soldiers
land in this city, where there is no .ewer
age system.
There is no hope of improvement in
this state of things under Spanish domi
nation. The municipal laws do not allow
the city councils to take any steps in the
matter without authorization from the
captain general, who must affix his signa
ture to any loan raised for sanitary works,
and, furthermore, the municipalities are
all in the hands of Spaniards, most of
whom have not the least notion of hy
gienic requirements.
Two Joint Resolutions Reported to the
SACRAMENTO, Cal.. Jan. 20.— The
following joint resolution was to-day re
ported by the Assembly Committee on
Federal Relations:
Fesolred, That while we extend our warmest
sympathy to the Cubans in their heroic strug
gle for independence we deem it inopportune
at this time to offer advica to the Federal Gov
ernment as to the treatment of a grave Na
tional question, but have full confidence that
the National administration will deal with It
in a manner which will not only secure the
desired end, but reflect honor and credit on
the United States.
Assemblyman Dryden reported a sub
stitute as a minority report as follows:
Whereas, The inhabitants of Cuba have for
years been struggling to achieve national in
dependence and to secure the free exercise of
those inalienable rights to which all men are
entitled unaer the laws of God and nature:
and, whereas, under the principles which un
derlie the doctrine of human rights we recog
nize our duty as American citizens to extend
sympathy and aid, if need b_, to all
who oppose despotic oppression and strive to
establish a republican form of government
in the western hemisphere; and, whereas, the
methods of warfare which have been and now
are being carried on for the suppression of the
Cubans are contrnry to the established usage
of war and a stigma upon the Christian civili
zation of the nineteenth century: therefore,
be it ' ::'J::.J\'-' .J-^-"-:, ■
Resolved. By the Assembly of the State of
California, the Senate concurring therein, that
we favor the recognition by the Government
of the United States of the rights of the Cubans
as belligerents.
Resolved, That the chief cleric of this Assem
bly transmit copies of these resolutions to the
Senators and Representatives in Congress
from the State of California.
Both resolutions were ordered trans
mitted to the printer.
Corbett Finds a Giant.
CHICAGO, Jan. 20.— James J. Corbett,
when he appears here next week, will
have a new and interesting partner. He
is William Ruhlins, a 24-year-old giant,
wbo is 7 feet 5 inches tall and weighs 240
His home is at Akron, Ohio. He attrac
ted Corbett's attention when walking
the streets at Toledo. Ruhlins is
a first-class wrestler and nil - around
athlete, and had been chosen as
McVey's assistant in the training of the
champion for his fight with Fitzsimmons.
He is now with Corbett's company as a
personal follower, and only occasionally
takes light parts in the play.
John L.'s Condition Improved. '-;,.>
NEW BEDFORD, Jan. 20.— John
L. Sullivan," ex-champion pugilist, who is
quite ill with ; tonsilitis, was better this
morning. • » .
Explains His Antagonism
to the Nicaragua Canal
Says Congress Should Not Loan
$100,000,000 on Peter Funk .
"An Unreasonable Demand, an Irra
tional Rcqu-st and a Lunatic
WASHINGTON, D. C. Jan. 20.-In the
Senate to-day Perkins (R.) of California
introduced a joint resolution for the ap
pointment of a commission to collect sta
tistics on mines and mining. Referred.
Hill (D.) of New York, on behalf of his
colleague (Murphy), asked unanimous
consent to have the New York Custom
house bill taken up and put on its pas
sage. There was but one slight objection,
by Pettigrew (Si!.) of South Dakota, to
Hill's request and the bill was taken up
and passed:
The bill as passed appoints five citizens
of New York City as building commis
sioners at $5000 a year. The building is to
be on the present Custom-house site. The
Secretary of the Treasury is to lease suit
able premises for the temporary custom
bouse, $250,000 being appropriated for
rental for the first year. The entire cost
of the building is not to exceed $5,000,000.
Morgan's bill as to the default on the
part of the Pacific roads was permitted to
go over without action.
The resolution heretofore offered by
Pettigrew (SU.) of South Dakota, calling
on the Secretary of State for a copy of the
proceedings of the commission on the
divisional line between Venezuela and
Guiana, was called up and Pettigrew dis
cussed it. At the conclusion of Petti
grew's speech it was referred to the Com
mittee on Foreign Relations.
Tbs Senate joint resolution as to the
laying of electric subways in the District
of Columbia, on which Hill (D.) of New
York had spoken at leDgth yesterday, was
taken up, and Faulkner (D.) of West Vir
ginia, a member of the District commit
tee, addressed the Senate, defending the
action of the committee and denying tne
charges made against it yesterday by
Hill. There were several short and rather
angry dialogues between Senators Faulk
ncr and Hill in the course oi Faulkner's
At 2 o'clock the presiding officer laid be
fore the Senate the unfinished business
the Nicaragua canal bill— and Turpie (D.)
of Indiana resumed bis speech in opposi
tion to it. He likened the provisions of
the bill to the case of bogus mortgages
and to the successful looting of credulous
people by such means. The operation
proposed in the pending bill, be said, dif
fered from the bogus mortgage -case only
in the fact that the canal company on the
face of the bill submitted to the Senate
had no title to the lands : which it
proposed to surrender; that it had no in
terest in them and that it could not trans
fer them to any one. The company asked
Congress, with its eyes open and knowing
that the security was straw, to give it a
hundred million dollars, guaranteeing
payment by a lien on securities that were
utterly without value on "Peter Funk"
Turpie asserted that through the failure
of the company to complete within three
years ' the connecting link known
as tbe Managua canal it bad al
ready forfeited everything, had already
surrendered everything; that it had either
voluntarily or negligently given up and
abandoned its concession. It Had not
even pretended to construct the Managua
canal. No act of Congress could release
the company from its obligation under
the. cession. It was an unreasonable de
mand, an irrational request, a thoroughly
lunatic proposition, that Congress should
guarantee the performance ol the work, or
should enter upon its construction, with
out having an estimate of the cost of the
three principal items necessary to its
prosecution — the Managua canal and the
construction of two harbors.
After .•'peaking for two hours, Turpie
closed his remarks for the day, but de
clined to promise that he would "finish his
speech to-morrow, and the bill went over.
Chandler (R. ) of New Hampshire asked
and obtained unanimous consent to nave
the bill for representation of the United
States at an international monetary con
ference with foreign countries taken up
after the morning hour on Tuesday next.
The District appropriation bill and the
i provision ac to the library of Congress was
acted upon. The first amendment offered
by the committee was an appropriation of
$5000 for the salary of the librarian, who
is to be appointed by the President, and
by and with the advice and consent of tne
Senate, and providing that the librarian
shall make rules and regulations for the
government of the library to be approved
by the L brary Committee. The admend
ment was approved.
Another important amendment by the
committee was the insertion of an item
appointing a custodian of the building
and grounds at a salary of $5000 and appro
priating $46,440 for the custody and care
of the building and grounds. Other
amendments -in relation lo the library
were agreed to, and after Call (D.) of
Florida had argued against the policy of
leaving to the President the appointment
of the librarian and superintendent, the
bill was passed.
, A joint resolution, authorizing the
Smithsonian Institution to participate in
the exhibition of gas apparatus in Madi
son-square Garden, New York City, from
January 27 to February _.6, offered by
Bryce (D. of Ohio, was parsed, and the
Senate at 5 o'clock adjourned.
Interesting Debate Over the lost-Tucker
Contest for a Seal.
WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 20.— The
Speaker laid before the House to-day a
bill authorizing the Cairo and Tennessee
River Railroad Company to build a bridge
across the Cumberland and Tennessee
rivers in Kentucky, with Senate amend
ments, which were concurred in.
Under the call of committees,' the Sen
ate resolution authorizing the Secretary
of War to pension. telegraph operators in
the army during the war, or giving repre
sentativesof deceased operators'certificates
setting forth their term and condition of
service was considered and passed. -,'.'"
The House bill to reduce from, 10 to 15
cents per folio of 100 words the fees of the
Land Office for taking depositions in con
tests, and reducing the fees of land offices
in the Pacific and Rocky Mountain States
to the same as are paid officers of the same
classes in other States (which are now 50
per cent higher), was passed. The same
ill practically was passed at tbe last'ses
sion, and was vetoed by the President. \
Tbe House then proceeded to the con
sideration of the contested election ca c
of Yost vs. Tucker for the seat in the
Fifty- fourth Congress from the Tenth dis
trict of Virginia. The majority of the
committee reported in favor of Tucker.
Walker (R.) of Pennsylvania and Bur
rows (D.) of Michigan dissented and
recommended the seating of Yost. The
question at issue was as to the counting
of certain imperfectly marked ballots.
The election was the first one held under
the Walton Australian ballot law of Vir
ginia. *
Codding (R.) cf Pennsylvania made the
first spepcn in favor of the committee's
report. Codding was followed by the con
testant. Representative-elect Yost, who in
concluding a fervent appeal for justice
said: ' *'•'.'.
"The stigma of foul elections has dis
graced and debased the South for years;
its 1 yearly influence has, paralyzed the
public consci.nc; but now, thank God,
in Virginia at least, the shock of this
election has roused the people from their
stupor. 7 • \1;
"The fear of negro rule has disappeared;
but despite the scourge of public opinion
the guilty, tricksters still dare to bring
their infamy to the doors of Congress. If
you accept the result of their machina
tions you prove their methods and give
them" fresh license."
Jenkins (R.) of Wisconsin said that he
and threu other Republican members of
the Election Committee had come to the
conclusion that the contestee (Tucker)
was entitled, to retain his seat, and this
conclusion he , intended to defend and
maintain even if afterward he was called
a Massachusetts mugwump. [Laughter.]
Grosvenor (R.) ol Ohio } spoke for Yost.
He argued that the House was not to be
circumscribed in the exercise of its right
to inquire into the election of its members
by a State statute. He stated that the
case was full of fraud, despite the state
ments to the contrary, and he appealed to
members not to sustain it by their votes.
If they did they should never again prate
of the lack of purity of elections in the
South. His speech was frequently inter
rupted by applause on the part of his Re
publican colleagues.
Daniel (R.) of New. York, chairman of
Elections Committee 1, made a strictly
legal argument to sustain the conclusions
of the minority of the committee that the
House was justified in using the ballot to
determine the intention of the voter, not
withstanding the requirements of the
State law. ,
. ;At the conclusion of Daniel's speech the
election case was temporarily set aside,
and Hull (R.) of lowa reported a partial
agreement oi the conferees on the army
appropriation bill. It was agreed to, and
the House insisted upon its disagreement
to the Senate amendments still in dis
,It was agreed that a vote on the con
tested election case betaken at 4:30 o'clock
■ At 5:05 the House adjourned until to
Secretary Olney's Response to the Senate's
Demand for Arbitration Treaty
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 20.— 1n his
confidential message to the Senate trans
mitting the correspondence in connection
with the general treaty of arbitration,
Secretary Olney sends but four notes, and
he says that this is all the correspondence
; between the United States and • Great
Britain relating to the general treaty of
arbitration. He adds also that no corre
spondence "in regard to the treaty has
taken place with other powers.". '.J'\-Jf.
Although the correspondence was sent
to the Senate with the seal of secrecy and
is carefully guarded by the committee, it
can be authoritatively stated that there is
no need for Mr. Olney's solicitude in this
respect. Every one of the four notes trans
mitted to the Senate has been given to the
public in these dispatches, at least iv sub
stance. . .'■' . '.-'-J ...
'„.' The first of the quartet is Lord Salis
bury's note to Sir Julian Pauncefote of
March 5, 1896.. in which, in connection
with the Venezuelan question, he reopens
the subject of a foreign treaty and sub
mits six beads for a treaty.
Then follows Mr. Olney's note of April
11, 1896, in reply to which he rejects arti
cles IV and V of the proposed treaty, and
substitutes a "new article IV, which in its
essential. points agrees with that article
in the treaty before the Senate.
On May 18 Lord Salisbury, replying to
Sir Julian, ?ays after some reference to
Venezuela and other questions that might
be brought under a general treaty of arbi
In this view I am plaesed toobserve that I
agree with Mr. Olney, because I hold that in
discussing the safeguards by which a general
system of arbitration should be sanctioned it
is important -to bear in mind that any system
adopted between our two nations ought to be
such as can in principle be applied if neces
sary to their relations with other civilized
countries. .
Touching upon that article ot the treaty
with respect to the mode of dealing with
territorial claims, it was apparent in tbis
note that the two Governments were still
apart. - Mr. Olney insisted that every
claim ,to territory against another
should go, as o ' right, before a
tribunal of arbitration, save in -certain
cases, solemnly declared by the Legisla
ture of each, country to involve the
National honor and integrity, and such
dispute shall be final and irrevocably de
cided without reservation of any further
powers to either party to interfere.
The President Signs a Bill of the Utmost
Interest to Masters and Pilots in
Large Harbors.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 20.—Presi
dent Cleveland to-day signed a bill which
is of the utmost interest to masters of all
vessels in large harbors. It is the bill pro
viding that all vessels requiring engineers
and pilots above fifteen tons burden, car
rying ; freight or passengers for hire and
propelled by gas, fluid, naphtha, or elec
tric motors, shall be made subject to all
Federal laws relating to the inspection of
hulls and boilers and providing that all
vessels shall bo made to conform to
all Federal laws relating to the regulations
of steam vessels passing each other, and
to such further relations regarding fog
signals, lights, steering and sailing rules
as the Board of Supervising Inspectors of
Steam Vessels shall deem neces_rry.
This new law will be welcomed by the
masters and pilots of all vessels coming
into or leaving large ports like San Fran
cisco. ', Heretofore steam or naphtha
.launches, such as this bill now affects,
have been practically "free launches"
entirely exempt from all duties or laws,
and subject apparently to the whim of the
man who was in command. They were
constant sources of danger both to' them
selves and to larger vessels which they
met, and pilots and masters have for a
long time been endeavoring to bring
about some legislation which will fasten
upon these - little craft responsibilities
equal to those now borne by large vessels.
The law goes into eff?ct at once.
Kill Introduced 'in Sew York Senate to
Prevent Its Improper Use.
ALBANY, N.T.; Jan. 20.— The Senate
to-day passed Senator Lexow's resolution
providing ! for the appointment of a com
mittee -of three Senators and four As
semblymen to investigate trusts and re
port remedial legislation. : The resolution
now goes to the Assembly for concurrence.'
Senator Grady to-day introduced a bill
which is intended to prevent -the desecra
tion, mutilation or improper; use of
United States or State . flags. The intro
duction was brought about by the use of
the American ? flag '■;. by :,: the Republicans
during the recent campaign; The penalty
fixed is _ year's imprisonment or a fine of
*250, or both.
Monthly Meetings of the
Annexation Club at
i _________
Immediate Assistance Not Ex
pected From President
Contract Labor to Be Abolished in
Hawaii— Population of Honolulu
Is About 30,000.
HONOLULU. Hawaii, Jan. 13.— The
first of a series of meetings under tbe
auspices of the Annexation Club was held
in tne drill-shed last evening. . Important
speeches bearing on the annexation ques
tion were made by Hon. Henry E. Cooper,
Minister of Foreign Affairs; L. A. Thurs
ton, ex- Hawaiian Minister at Washing
ton ; Senator McCandless and Representa
tive Robertson of the Hawaiian Legisla
ture; P. C. Jones, ex-Minister of Finance,
and others.
President Dole, Attorney-General Smith
and all the leading Government officials
were present, . together with about 400
leading men of the city.
The gathering was in no sense a mass
meeting, but only a called meeting of the
club, which has about 2000 names on its
membership roll. Minister Cooper said:
The attitude of the Government has been
and still is annexation to the United States of
America. ,
While in the United* States recently I had
the opportunity- of hearing much that is en
couraging to those who believe in annexation.
First of all, it is not likely that the question
will become a party issue; the proposition will
be advocated by Republicans and Democrats
alike, while opponents will be found in the
ranks of both parties. The question is likely
to be heard upon its merits. There seems no
desire to recede from the Senate- resolution of
1893. 839-E
i The division of opinion comes upon the
question of annexation or the maintenance of
the present status. The lines seem to be more
sharply drawn upon this question than ever
before. «■.» r .
The fact that we have shown ourselves
capable of self-government has strengthened
our position to a large extent. Although the
danger has been that some might consider it
best to let well enough alone, yet the more
general vie is that the question should not
be left any longer in abeyance and has finally
settled in favor of annexation.
While many of the opponents of annexation
in the United States have based their opposi
tion upon the policy of the Government here
tofore, thai no territory should be acquired
which is not a part of the American conti
nent, many now say that they consider that
an exception to this rule should be made in
the case of Hawaii. The reason lor this Is that
Hawaii has become too important a factor in
controlling the commerce of the Pacific to be
left where it might go under the control of
another power. ,"-r ';.•
The occupation of Pearl Harbor is considered
by those who favor a progressive foreign,
policy to be essential. Annexation is now a
question of business, not of sentiment. :'"' r '
It is most likely that' a special j session of
Congress will be called soon after the inaug
uration of the new President and annexation
brought forward.
Senator McCandless made an important
announcement, which foreshadows im
portant legislation. He said:
Sugar men oppose annexation on account of
contract labor. I wish to say as a member of
the Hawaiian Senate, gentlemen, that in the
next session of that body the contract law will
be repealed, and from that time we will have
free labor on the plan of American institutions
and American industries. [Tremendous ap
plause.] When this has been accomplished I
do not see how any sugar man can oppose
annexation. The question has been asked,
"What will annexation do for the Hawaiian?"
This much: The Hawaiians have never been
taught what Americans term self-respect, and
what is called by the modern schoolmaster
"character-building." The Hawaiians are
treated as children to-day, precisely as they
were three-quarters of a century ago. We meet
them and if the man strikes our. fancy and
asks for it we will give him a quarter, and he
goes off and buys a me'ki. No man who has
learned what self-respect is will receive money
unless he has earned it or gives an equivalent.
The Hawaiian is not to be blamed for this; he
bas never yet been taught differently, but with
the infusion of new blood which will follow
annexation the rising generation will learn it
by contact.
President Hon. L. A. Thurston said:
If any one class in this. country needs an
nexation it is the sugar- planters. The United
States treasury is in need ot $30,000,000 to
meet an annual deficit. Protection to sugar is
bound to be in the tariff. A bounty will uot
do, because it takes money out of the treasury,
The sugar-planter in Hawaii to-day is like a
man driving along the brink of a precipice.
We had a reciprocity treaty which expired in
1894. It has benn liable ever since to termi
nate at one year's notice from either side.
According to the report of the superin
tendent of the census, made public to
day, the population of Honolulu by na
tionalities is: Americans 2074, British 1308,
Germans 578. French 69, Norwegians 179,
Portuguese 3833, other races 366, Japanese
2381. Chinese 7693, South Sea Islanders
63, ; Hawaiians 7918, part Hawaiians 3468
total 29,830.
Troops Fire Upon Striking Rolling- Mill
Employes, Killing Eight and Wound-
ing Many.
LONDON, Eng., Jan. 20.— represent
ative of the United Associated Presses in
Vienna telegraphs that the employes of
the rolling-mill in Annia, Hungary, be
coming discontented with the new scale
of wages, to-day became riotous and made
and attack on the Prefect of Arms, who
had been sent to restore order, and a des
perate right ensued.
The officer in charge of the gendarmes,
becoming convinced that his force was not
sufficient to quell the riots by other
means, finally gave the order to fire upon
the mob. As a result twenty of the rioters
were seriously injured. . A number of offi
cers were also I seriously injured during
the melee. ,
A dispatch to the Central News says
that eight of the rioters were killed and
many were injured in the tight. „.V i. '■'
A Meeting Held in England to Make
,- Suitable Arrangements.
' LONDON, Eng, Jan. 20.— A" meeting
was held in Birmingham to-day to perfect
arrangements . for a suitable celebration
of the signing of .the: general arbitration
treaty between the ; United States'- and
Great Britain. .l?^^^gP___|^' ; :
-"•■ Among the speakers- was G. F. Parker,
•United States ' Consul- at * Birmingham,
who said that the treaty would undoubt- i
l edly be : ratified by the,- United States
Senate and that the people of both coun
tries in the meantime must -be patient.
Mr. Parker said he had recently made a
tour of thirteen of tbe American States,
and had not in .the course of his travels
seen a single trace of anti-British feeling.
The American Liner Paris Visabled.
QUEENSTOWN, Ireland. Jan. 20,—
The White Star line steamer Majestic,
which arrived here at an early hour yes
terday morning, reports that when she
was 100 miles out from Sandy Hook she
exchanged signals with the American live
Fteanier Paris, for .Southampton, from
New York, with only one of her engines
working. '."'-- ' •
Captain Howison of the Oregon About to
Be Made a Rear Admiral— His
Probab c Successor.
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. 20.-A Herald
special from Washington says: Nine offi
cers who are now in command of ships
will be detached within the next few
months ano given shore duty. The most
important command that will become
vacant is the battle-ship Oregon. Captain
H. L. Howison, who now commands
her, is No. 1 on the list of captains and will
be promoted to flag rank when Rear Ad
miral J. G. Walker retires in March.
He will be detached a few days before
his promotion. It has not vet been de
cided where he will then be stationed.
His friends are anxious that he should
succeed Rear Admiral Beardslee in com
mand of Pacific station, but Commodore
George Dewey, it is understood, has prac
tically beeu promised that assignment,
and Commodore Howison will probably
have to take a shore station until a sea
billet becomes vacant. The officer most
prominently mentioned to succeed Cap
tain Howison in command of the Oregon
is Captain A. S. Barker.
Received by a Hundred Houston Ladies
and Banqueted.
HOUSTON, Tex., Jan. Hon. W. J.
Bryan, late Presidential candidate, who ar
rived here last evening, was driven to the
residence of Congressman C. I. Hutchin
son, where 100 ladies received him, and
then to the residence of Mrs. Be ttie Bryan,
who, hough a namesake, is no relation
to the Nebraskan, where another recep
tion was held. At 2:30 o'clock Mr. Bryan
was escorted .by Mayor Rice from his
quarters at the Bristol to the Capitol Ho
tel, where a banquet was given in his
honor, a big crowd in front being eluded
by using the back door.
Chicago Judge Refuses Money.
CHICAGO 111., Jan. 20.— Charles H.
Rathman, the billiard hall proprietor, was
sentenced to jail for sixty days to-day by
Judge Freeman for sending his Honor
$100, and bis case will be taken before the
Grand Jury. The judge sentenced him
for contempt of court in sending a letter
as well as the money which the Judge
said was sent to bribe the court in Rath
man's forthcoming divorce suit brought
by his wife. __WT?iMj
Xew Officers of Civil Engineers' Society.
NEW YORK, N. V.. Jan. 20.—
American Society of Civil Engineers began
its forty-fourth annual meeting here to
day. The election of officers resulted as
follows: President (to serve one year),
Benjamin Morgan Harrod, New Orleans;
vice-presidents (two years), George Henry
Mendell, San Francisco, and John Findley
Wallace, Chicago; treasurer (one year),
John Thompson, New York; directors
(three years) — Rudoiph Herring, New
York ; James Owen, Newark, N. J. ; Henry
Grant Morse, Wilmington, Del., Henry
Stevens Haines, Atlanta, Ga. ; Lorenzo M.
Johnson, Eagle Pass, Texas. :
In Bangrr of Being Lynched.
* LEXINGTON, Ky., Jan. 20.— At Jack
son, Ky., the examination of Jacob Neace
and Jobn Farler for the murder of Deputy
United States Marshal Bird was concluded
this morning.
The prisoners were held over to the
United States Court without bail. They
will be taken to Louisville to-morrow
morning if they are not lynched to-night.
Feeling is running high against them.
Ice Gorge and High Water.
MUSKEGON, Mich., Jan. 20.— The dam
age by the ice' gorge on the Muskegon
River continues. Beans Island, nine
miles up the stream, is covered by ice and
water. The damage is great. The Mus
kegon River is now from four to five feet
above its usual : height. It fell only one
inch last night.
Union Pacific Foreclosure.
NEW YORK, N. V., Jan. The Gov
ernment directors of the Union Pacific
Railway Company will meet at 11 a. m.
next Friday for the purpose, it is said, of
recommending a plan of foreclosure.
Xrvo York Murderer Electrocuted.
AUBURN, Sl. V., Jan. 20.— John Hoch
was electrocuted at 12:08 p. m. to-day for
the murder of Minnie Ingersoll at Marl
linsburg, near Lowville, Lewis County
July 10, 1895.
___ NEW TO-DAY- '
._ mm
I For days our store has been We need the room— will i
crowded with buyers, eagerly be our i OSS -but your gain,
snapping ud these bargains. _ , _.
... • . , . . Come early. There are many
. We were overstocked in many. * ... '..
lines and propose to sell every- big bargains, and you want
thing at 1-3 to 1-2 value. the best.
Infants' Mocassins, sizes 0^ , Ladies' Felt Slippers, felt
to 3, Reduced from.. 500 to 20c soles. Reduced fr0m..... $1.00 to 50c
Infants' Fine Kid, button,:'* ' .. Ladles' Felt Laced Shoes,
sizes 2 to 0. ' .-■ Reduced felt soles. Reduced from. sl.so to 75c
' from;..'!...*. ...... .....75c "to 45c Ladies' . Fine Glace Kid
Child's Fine Kid, cloth top, _?.i M.? ho wl_. pol^ t d toe _o *«
button, . hand -turned, . . a " d "£„ Reduced fr0m.. 52.50 to »1.55
spring heel, patent leath- Ladies *, l °? Glace X id ' * vl '
pr tips, sizes sto 8. Re- '• ton, pointed toe and Up.
•Z^i^. 3 .?.J?. 5 :..^.91^- to 85e Reduced fr0m. ...... ..52.00 tOB1 ' 50
.'.,., .... v .. _ Boys' Calf Button, all sizes
Childs Kid. button, pat- up to No. 0. Reduced irom $2.00 to »1. 15
. ent leather tips, sprinir Men's Calf, lace and Con-
heel, sizes 0 to ,}.. Re- gress. R.duced fr0m... '.52.50 to 81.50
duced from... ... .$1.25 to OOc Men's Calf, cork sole, lace
Sizes Bto - 10J_. ■•_ Re- - „, .. : and Congress. Reduced
duced t0.............. »1.00 fr0m........*.. $3.50 to 83.45
Misses': Fine Kid, button, i Buckinahsm & Uecht's $4
patent leather tip, spring Calf Cork-sole, Congress
heel, sizes 11 to 2. Re- and Lace Shoes. Reduced
- duced fr0m.............. .51.75 to 81.20 t0...:........ 83.25
Ladie3' Red and Black Men's $7 Patent-leather,
* Satin Romeos. Reduced - *"■■ hand-sewed and Congress,
from. ............ '.•.'. $2.50 to 81.45 plain narrow, square toe.
Ladies' Fur-bound Romeos. - * edu * *r2„"„wi_;^;V_ « -6°
T Reduced from ......... $1.50 to 81.00 ."S'cS,^?^^
Ladies' Tan Kid Fur-bound ; from last season Re- -' - '•
Juliets. Reduced fr0m.. 52.50 to »1.50 d UC ™d t0.'.... ...... . _ 83.10
Kasts Kast's
' 738-740 Market St. ' 738-740 Market St.
rnrr. » Full linn of .... l- it, ~h .... We Do Not Prepay Mail or Ex-
Carry a run i-ine or Buckingham preB ,char on the Above Adver-
& Hecht's Fine Shoe*. ' Used Goods.
A Mcb Lets Wrangling
Negroes Fight, Then
Hangs Every One.
First Decided to Burn Them
Alive, but Rope and Bullets
Ghastly Night's Work in the Rain
of Two Hundred Avengers in
'-■-* ■■■
. AMITE CITY, La.. Jan. 20.— Three ne
gro murderers, John Johnson, Arch
Joiner and Gus Williams, were taken from
jail and lynched by a mob in this place
about 3 o'clock this mornine.
Johnson and Joiner, according to th«
confession of the former, were guilty of
the murder of five members of the Cotton
family some time ago. Williams was
awaiting trial for murdering his wife.
Early in the night, when it became
known that John Johnson and Arch
Joiner, charged with the Cotton family
murders, would be lynched, groups of
strangers from every section of this and
adjoining parishes began to arrive. They
held low conversations on the street cor*
ner-. The night was a most miserable
one, rainy and gloomy.
About 9 o'clock there were perhaps 250
people on the street, when suddenly some
150 men on horses galloped up to the jail,
and having found the deputy who had
charge, forced him to open the jail door
and also open the steel cages. They then
took from the cages the three colored
men. The mob made no hostile demon
strations. After procuring their men they
held a short consultation and decided to
bang Gus Williams to an oak tree near
the negro church, on the outer edge of
town. A rope was quickly adjusted over
a large limb with one end around Wil
liams' neck. Williams was made to get'
on a horse. The horse was struck with a
whip and jumped from under Williams.
His neck was broken and his body was
jerked down.
Williams disposed of, the crowd started
on the long march to John Cotton's
house, where the murders were com
mitted. The distance traveled was twelve
miles, through a heavy rain. There were
nearly 200 in the crowd during the march.
Arch Joiner prayed a great deal, but
Johnson was quiet and sullen.
After four hours the * Cotton residence
was reached, and all dismounted. Joiner
made a desperate break for liberty, but
was captured before he had gone very far.
Joiner and Johnson began cursing each
other, and asked permission from the
crowd to settle their dispute in prize-ring
style, which was granted.
The fight lasted about five minutes.
Johnson, although the smaller man, had
considerably the test of the fight when
they separated.
They were then taken into the Cotton
house and efforts were made to get a full
confession from them. John Johnston
stuck to bis former statement tbat Arch
Joiner was the man who committed the
. Joiner stoutly maintained bis innocence
for a while, but finally confessed that he
killed Mrs. John Cotton, Miss Agnes Mil
ler and Miss Lizzie Miller. A discussion
then arose as to the best way to dispose of
the murderers.
Some were in favor of burning them,
and tires were made for that purpose; but
better judgment prevailed, and it was
finally decided to hang tbem. This was
done, and their bodies riddled with bul
lets. It was Arch Joiner's earnest request
tbat he be shot to death, and this was de
cided upon as the mode of death to be
meted out to Joiner; but at the last
moment, after the fire had been started, it
was urged that he be banged, as Gus Wil
liams had been. They were taken a half
mile from the Cotton residence and.
strung up. They both implicated two
other negroes. All is quiet now.
Death of Mme. Carnot.
. PARIS, France, Jan. 20. — Madame
Carnot, the mother of the late President,
is dead.

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