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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, March 05, 1897, Image 2

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Senate through tbe bronze doors. The
ascent was evidently burdensome to Mr.
Cleveland. When lie reached the top of
the stairs he wus puffing considerably and
only recovered from ihe exertion when he
had taken a short rest in the President's
room. Mr. McKinley walked briskly, but
measured Ins tread to correspond with
that of his distinguished companion. He
was accompanied to the room of the Vice-
President by Senator Sherman of the
committee on arrangements and ti»e com
ing Premier of the administration.
Vice-President-elect Hobart and Sena
tor E. kins received Mr. McKinley. The
first question Mr. McKinley asked as he
stepped into the room was as to whether
Mrs. McKinley had safely reached the
Capitol and been taken care o'. Assured
that this hud been done the President
elect sat down for a short rest, during
which he chatted with Senators Sherman
and E.kins and General Porter. General
Miles, commanding the army, and aid
and Admiral Browne of the navy and aid,
and Russell B. Harrison of tbe staff of
General Porter accompanied the President
to the Senate corridor.
It was eighteen minutes after noon
when President-elect McKinley, with
Senator Sherman, walked to the Presi
dent's room and joined the retiring Presi
dent. Headed by the assistant sergeant
at-arms, Senators Sherman and Mitchell
oreceded and escorted Mr. Cleveland and
Mr. McKinley to the main entrance to the
From the moment the White House
was left until these two distinguished
citizens took their seats on the floor of the
Senate, after being announced by the as
• sistant doorkeeper, they were accom
panied by three picked men from the
Secret Service Department. These men
remained by the doorway and followed
the President and President-elect to the
platform and remained near by through
out the proceedings. Major-General Mile?,
the commanding officer of the army ; Ad
miral, Browne, the ranking officer of the
navy, v.ith their aids— Captain Davis,
U. S. A., and Lieutenant Sbarpe, U. S. N.,
all in full uniform, awaited in the lobby
the appearance of tho outgoing and in
coming canimanders-in-chief.
Major McKinley and Mr. Cleveland led
the way. President Cleveland showed a
trace of tbe physical suffering and hard
work of the closing days of Congress. He
walked with a perceptible limp. In or.c
hand he carried a lightly rolled umbrella,
but he did uot use it as a support. He
was dressed in a suit of black with frock
coat and unbuttoned overcoat of dark ma
terial. Like Major McKinley be had on a
silk hat, but the President-elect's hands
were encased ia gloves while those of Mr.
Cleveland were not.
Every bodj' in the lobby uncovered as
the two distinguished men passed thpm.
Following them tame Senators Sherman
and Mitchell and the members of the Cab
inet—not all of them for there was one
notable exception. Secretary Olney, who
should have led the line of his official col
leagues, was not therj and his absence
was a 4, once noticed and commented on.
It was such an unusual occurrence tbat
those who were there, busy as they were
. in inspecting every detail of one of the
most interesting events of the day, found
time to wonder why it was. With Secre
tary Carlisle, who would have Leen Mr.
Olney's companion, was Attorney-'jeneral
Harmon, while Secretaries Lamont, Her
bert, Wilson, Francis and Morton followed
two by two in the order of their official
Mr. Cleveland was President still, so by
virtue of his oflie* he took cossession on
the right-hand s:de of the rear seat.
Major McKmiey sat by his side and Sena
tor Sherman occupied the other seat.
Very few people saw the departure from
the portico.
Cheering began from the time the Presi
dent-elect's carriage, drawn by its four
sorrels, passed through the White
House e:tte and began its passage east
ward. The escort to the Capttoi consisted
of a brieale of United States forces—artil
lery, infantry, cavalrj-, engineers, marines
and sailors and a brigade of the National
Guard of the District of Columbia. It was
led by a platoon of mounted police and
followed immediately by the regular army
band from Governor's island.
General Horace Porter, the grand mar
shal, with a numerous array of special
and regular aids, most of them in uni
form, preceded the escort, which was com
manded by Major-General Merritt, U. S.
A. No President-elect has ever had bo
great a turnout of regular troops in his
honor. Behind them came the carriages
containing the President and President
elect, the Cleveland Cabinet, Major-Gen
eral Mies and Admiral Browne, and the
rear va« brought up by the two regiments
of District of Columbia National Guards.
Major McKinley was kept busy, remov
ing his hat constantly in response to the
cheering that preceded, followed and kopt
abreast of him. Mr. Cleveland seemed to
be in the best of spirits.
At 12:45 p. m, the first occupants marched
out of the Capitol doors to the inaugural
stand, and five minutes later the first of
the Presidential party started down the
stecs from t c bronze doors, Mrs. McKin
ley being in the lead and escorted by C. J.
Bell, chairman of tho inaugural commit
tee, and Mr. J. Addison Porter, follow
ing them came Mr. and Mrs. Barber and
Abr.er McKinley with bis venerabie
mother on his arm and the other mem
bers of the party which accompanied the
Fresident-elect from Canton. The ladies
of the Supreme Court, headed by Mrs.
Fuller, and a number of the wives of Sen
ators were also in the party. For Mrs.
McKinley a large cushioned chair Was
provided. She walked slowly, but bore
herself bravely, and as siie came down the
loiig aisle of tne platform the crowd
cheered wildly.
At 1:10 o'clock a ringing shout an
nounctd the approach of the Presidential
party. It was headed by Marshal Wright
of the Supreme Court and Marshal Wilson
of the District of Columbia. Following
them came the members of the Supreme
Ccurt. headed by Chief Juu'.ice Fuller,
with Clerk McKenney, carrying the Bible.
Then the committee on arrangements,
and next President Cleveland and Pre.-i
--dent-elect McKinley. Following these tho
other occupants of the Senate chamber,
headed by Vice-President Stevenson and
tfce Senators, reached the platform and
were seated.
The first feature of the ceremonial was
the administration of the oath of office.
Tue Bible was an immense affair, weigh
ing fully twenty pounds. It was a mag
nificent specimen of the typographical and
bookbinders' arts, bound in flexible covers
of black seal. In oue of the lids was in
serted a silver plate inscribed, "William
McKinley, President of the United States,
Inaugurated March 4, 1897."
The tumult was so great that tbe cere
mony was mere pantomime, the words of
the Chief Justice and President being
wholly inaudible to those within a few
feet of them.
When he arose to read his inaugural ad
dress there was a great cheer, but when it
subsided the crush and tumult of the rest
less moving crowd was so great that it wa-<
still impossible to hear a word. In the
midst of tne confusion President Mc-
Kinley read his address standing with
bared bead. •
Tbe strained relations between the
United States and Spain, growing out of
tne rebellion in Cuba, made Mr. McKin
ley's utterances on the subject of onr
foreign relations of especial significance, j
Naiurally the most interested member of j
the corps was the Spanish Minister, Dupuy
ac Lome.
When Major McKinley arose to «peak
he faced an audience that filled the broad
esplanade from B street on the south to B
street on the north, and stretched east- j
ward like a human torrent until it broke j
against the white walls of the beautiful
Congressional .Library building in the
McKinley read his speech from manu
script. His hat rested by his side, while j
his head was thrown back, as is usual
with him when speaking earnestly, and !
his line face, smoothly shaven and intel- j
ligent, stood out with silhouette distinct- j
ness against the background formed by j
tne massive Capitoi building. He was
dressed in dark colois und wore tbe badge j
presented to him yesterday by Post- !
master-General Wilson at the request of j
the Sigma Alpha Epsilon, the college
fraternity of which the President is a j
Toward tbe close of the reading of the
address the commotion in the crowd
stilled and McKinley's clear, ringing
voice which has lost none of its resonant
quality since lie was last in Washington, j
penetrated to a great distance from where
i.c stood. His patriotic declaration that ;
the institutions of the country must be
preserved and the law of the land ev«ry- i
where recognized and obeyed evoked
great cheeriHg. The moot enthusiastic :
reception was given to the assertion lhat
in our foreign policy the recognition of
the utmost rights of American citizens
would ba insisted upon. Equal almost
was the pleasure exrressed at the au- j
uouncemeut that he would convene Con- i
gress in special session on Monday, the j
15 Ui of March, only teit days distant.
President McKinieylaud ex-President
Cievel&nd then leit tbe stand and were
conducted to the room of the Senate Com
mittee on Naval Affairs, where a luncheon
was spread lor them ai.'d their immediate
attendants. This unexpected change in
the programme was made so that there
would be no delay in the programme at
the reviewing stand opposite the White
House. Accompanying the distinguished
guests were the general in command of |
the army, the ranking admiral of the navy !
and their aids, General Porter and Rus- i
sell B. Harrison, bis aid, and the com
mittee of arrangement?, consisting of Sen
ators Sherman, Elkins and Mitchell of
Wisconsin. President McKinley ate spar
ingly, his luncheon consisting of a corn
beef sandwich, a roll, a bit of salad and a j
cup of coffee. The lunch took up half an i
hour, after which the party entered car- !
riages and the procession started on its
way up Pennsylvania avenue. The new
President came from the committee-room
urni-in-arm with the ex-President, Mr.
McKinley and Senator Shc-rnian each
smoking a cigar. The Piesident and Mr.
Cleveland took the seats assigned them
and the procession began to move up the
The grand stand erected on the avenue
front of the White House had been filling
up all the morning with people fortunate
enough to hold the green tickets of admis
sion. This covered platform was of more
elaborate construction than anything ever
attempted before by the inauguration
committee. Its" design was classical.
W T hite was the shade throughout from
foundation to roof. A great vestibule,
forming a balcony in the front and center,
served to shelter the President and Vice-
President while the troops passed in re
view, although the fineness of the weather
made it unnecessary. Nearly every one
of the 1200 seals for invited guests was oc
cupied when President McKinley made
his appearance. A great mass of human
ity was assembled and thousands stood
packed a half dozen deep along the side
■ . . 2*r»v?n by a H Cull" artist from o deseripUon by telegraph.
walk, while behind them, on a gigantic
stand, stretching for the entire distance
between Madison place to Jackson place,
tbe length of Lafayette square, thousands
more people reviewed the show from
comfortable seats.
Many of tnose who had witnessed the
exercises at the Capitol hurried from the
great white building on the hill to the
White House reviewing-stand to secure
good seats. Among those who were no
ticeable there were Mr. Gary, the new
Postmaster-General, with his wife and
daughter; General Russeil A. Alger; Jus
tices Harlan and White of the United
States Supreme Court, Major-General
Mile?, Adn:iral Browne, Senator Mitcliell
of Wisconsin, ex-Secretary Herbert and
Miss Herbert, Mrs. Daniel Lamont, Yang
Yu, the Chinese Minister, with the pretty
little Mrs. Yang Yu; Hcshi Tori, the
Japanese Minister, in full uniform, and
h;8 little son, who waved a triangular
flag, inscribed with Japanese characters,
which he interpreted "Hurrah for Mc-
Kinley and Kobart"; the Mexican Minis
ter and Mme. Romero; the French Em
bassador and Mrs. Paternotre, Senor An
drade, the Venezuelan Minister; the Min
ister from Hayti, the Misses Pauncefote,
daughters of the British Embassador;
Chnrles G. Dawes of Evanston, Hi., who
will be Comptroller of the Currency, and
Congressman Grosvenor of Ohio.
Slowly and painfully, almost carried in
the arras of Mr. Bell, chairman of the
inaugural committee, and John Addison
Porter, the invalid wife of the new Presi
dent made her way to the vestibule. Her
husband had entered the White House
cate just at the minute, and the echoes of
the great che-r he had received had not
died away when tLe assemblage took it up
again. It was a hearty shout that greeted
this public appearance of tne lady of the
White House. Mrs. McKinley was seated
in one of thehalf-dojsen upholstered chairs
in the glass inclosure, while Mother Mc-
Kiniey occupied another.
It was 3:2U o'clock' when McKinley as
cended the steps leading to the reviewing
stand. As he appeared at the rear central
door tne relatives, friends and guests on
the platform gave him round after round
of hand-clapping. Bowing to the crowd
with beaming countenance, he walked to
the sheltered niche selected for him. He
was cneered. as- was al9O Vice-President
Hobart as he steoped forward followed by
Mrs. Hobart. The appearance of the
President was the siinal for the baited
procession to resume its progress. A can
non boomed off in the distance and the
grand review began.
The Governors of the States as they
marched past with their brilliantly ca
parisoned staffs were loudly cheered, es
pecially Governor Bushnell, from McKin
ley's own State.
One little incident passed almost un
noticed. Ex-Vice- President Stevenson,
who had retired from office a few hours
previously, cams upon the reviewing
stand while the parade was in progress
and uroceeded to a seat unobserved, lie
watched the marching battalions for a
while and then as quietly and unosten
tatiously made bis exit through one of the
General Horace Porter, the grand mar
shal of the parade, followed close behind
the army band of Governors Island that
led the parade. Behind him rode four
young men wearing silk hats and frock
coats, with broad sashes of white across
their breasts. They, too, received pro
found salutations from the reviewing
stand, and the people there brofce into
applause when they were recognized. The
young men were U. S. Gran;, Webb C.
Hayes, Harry A. Garrieid and Russell Har
rison, sons of ;our Republican Presidents
of the Untied States, and they acted as
special aids to General Porter. Behind
them came the grand marshal's numer
ous and brilliant staff, all riding twelve
The marching of the regulars, cavalry,
artillery, infantry and marines drew
chet-rs along the line. Then came what
was to many the most interesting feature
of the parade — the battalion of Bailors
from the North Atlantic squadron. They
were led by Captain Sands, U. S. N., and
as he saluted the President another great
cheer went up.
The first Governor that rode by the re
viewing stand was Asa S. Bushnell of
Ohio. He was applauded lustily all along
the line of march. The Pennsylvania
troops came next and were limitei to a
single company — the Washington In
Governor Griggs of New Jersey and his
staff followed the Pennsylvania contin
gent. The Second Regiment of the Na
tional Guam of New Jersey, cornrnandeJ
by Co.onel C. £. Mu>sey, niarclied with
great precision.
Connecticut and Massachusetts followed
next-witli small companies of National
Guards. Maryland had more troops in
line than any other State, and more civic
organizations, with the possible exception
of Pennsylvania. Governor Ljwntlos ana
his staff made a brilliant appearance.
Governor Black of New YorK rode in a
carnage. He was accompanied by a very
rich y uniformed mounted st.iff.
Virginia was represented by two com
panies of its National Guard. The North
Carolina troops were probably the best
drilled and most handsomely uniformed
• in the parade.
The Governor of Vermont was sur
rounded by a gliteriiig complement of
staff officers and followed by four com
panies of the National Guard of that
State commanded by Colonel George H.
Governor Tanner of Illinois mounted on
a fine gray horae rode at the head of the
Illinois troops. He was accompanied by
his staff officers.
T c Michigan troops had the recently
elecUd Governor, Hiram S. Pingree, at
their head, and he was the recipient of
much friendly notice. Governor Drake
of lowa came next.
The third division was commanded by
General O. 0. Howard, the one-armed vet
eran of Chattanooga, who. the moment he
was recognized, was given a voiley of ap
plause. His command was largely com
posed of the G. A. R. posts of the District
of Columbia. The colored troops made a
fine appearanco.
The iivic division was commanded by
B. H. Warner of Washington. He and
his staff were e?c <>rted and preceded by
the Americus Club of Pittsburg, one of
the largest political marching ciubs of the
. Ex-Congressman Butterworth of Ohio,
who was Marshal Warner's chief of staff,
was cordially greeted when he rode by the
D. D. Woodmansee, president of the
National League ot Republican Clubs,
rode at the head of that organization in
the civic organ zations. The leading club
was the Cincinnati Marching Club. The
latter part of the parade was very spirited.
The cmbs marched in close order and the
number of bands was very large. Phila
delphia made a stronger showine In the
parade than any other city in respect to
numbers. Baltimore came next.
The Second Brigade of the civic parade
was led by Murat Halstead, the veteran
journalist. The most impressive feature
of the civic parade was furnished by the
Indians from the Government school at
The Frelinghuy-en Lancers of Newark,
N. J., one of the oldest marching clubs in
the country, made a fine appearance, as
did the other New Jersey clubs. A Re
publican club of Atlanta, Gn,, had a great
banner mounted on a wagon, which pro
claimed mc fact that it was the first Mc-
Kinley banner swung to the southern
breezes. A company of Confederate vet
erans irom the valley of the Shenandoab,
clad in gray, met with a generous recep
Tne New York political organizations,
led by the Quinn Club, at the head of
which Congressman Quinn himself
marched, were well drilled, and appeared
to advantage. The parade closed at 5:55
o'clock, the last organization to pass the
reviewing - stand bein* the Charles T.
Kurtz Club of Columbus.
President McKinley left the stand as
soon as the rear guard passed and walked
to the White House between two lines of
guards. It took the parade two hours and
thirty minutes to pass the .reviewing
stand, and when the last organization had
gone by the President, the Vice-President
and their friends retired to the White
President McKinley and Family
Enter the White House and Are
Welcomed by Mrs. Cleveland.
WASHINGTON, D. C, March 4.— lt
was twenty minutes past 2 o'clock when
Mrs. McKinley and her party drove up to
the front portico of the White House. In
the carriage with Mrs. McK:nley were her
sister, Mr?. Barber, Secretary Porter and
CaplAin Bell. Mrs. McKinley was assisted
in alighting by Captain Charles King, the
array novelist, who is her especial escort,
in full uniform, and by Chairman Bell,
who aided her faltering footsteps across
tlie threshold of her future home, and
Mrs. Cleveland hastened from the portico
and her cordially.
The new President's mother, assisted by
her son, Abner, and his wife and her
daughter, Helen, were next welcomed by
Mrs. Cleveland, and among ths others of
the McKinley party introduced to her
were General \V. M. O3borrie, cousin of
the President; Miss Gr:ice McKinlev, Mr.
and Mrs. George E. Morse of San Fran
cisco, Miss Mary Barber, Miss Sarah Dun
can, Miss Marie Donovan, all nieces of the
President, and Captain and Mrs. Mc-
Millin and Captain and Mrs. Heistand,
Mrs. Mary Saxton, Mrs. McKinley's aunt,
■who will live in the White House; Joseph
P. Smith and Myron T. Herrick. Within
three minutes Mrs. Cleveland bad said a
pleasant word to each of these and had
bidden Mrs. McKinley an affectionate
Then, with tears in her eyes, she en
tered Secretary Lamom's carriage and
was driven rapidly to his house, where the
retiring Cabinet ladies were awaiting her
at luncheon. She was compelled to hasten
her departure, however, and with a hur
ried handshake and a kiss to those who
have been her nearest friends she was off
again to the stafon with Secretary Thur
ber, and at 3:17 o'clock, the very moment
Mr. Cleveland was leaving the White
House, his wife, in a special car, left
Washington for her future home Prince
President McKinley's wife and mother
were assisted to the elevator and taken up
to the private apartments, where Mrs.
McKinley was made comfortable, while
the President's mother returned at a
qnarter of 3 o'clock to the family party
below and led the way to a collation
which was served informally in the small
dining-rodm, all the guests, who num
bered forty-six, standing while partaking
of the refreshments.
At 3 o'clock the entire party went out to
the reviewing stand on the front lawn
and a few minutes later the head of the
procession arrived and the President, with
his predecessor, entered the White House.
Mr. Cleveland shook hands with Mr.
McKinley and entered a carriage which
was waiting for him. There were no for
malities about his leave-taking and had it
not been for the presence of General Wil
sOn, Chief of Engineers, no one but the
President would have said good-by to
him. General Wilson assisted him and
he waved his hand to the policemen
and other attendants as he was carried
away to the lighthouse-tender Maple,
which will rake him to CurritucK bound.
President McKinley stopped but a mo
ment to inquire after the welfare of his
wife and then, accompanied by Senator
Sherman, he walked briskly to the re
viewing stand and the parade again took
up the line of march.
Never Did tha Grand Old Pension
Building Shelter a More Dis
tinguished Gathering:.
WASHINGTON, 1). C, March 4.— The
grand old Pension building never looked
gayer or more beautiful under the decora
tions than to-night, when ihe first gentle
man and lady in the land gratified the lm
pationce of the crowd upon its polished
dancing-floor by appearing in the balcony
and bowing their acknowledgments. The
inaugural ball was in progress.
The appearance of the President and
Mra. McKinloy and Vice-President and
Mrs. Hobart was the event of the evening.
It was 9:10 o'clock when President and
Mrs. Cleveland, accompanied by Private
Secretary Porter and Charles J. Bell, the
chairman of the inaugural committee,
arrived. They were met at the west en
trance ty a committee consisting of Gen
erals Wilson and Ruagles, Commodores
Chadwick and Joseph H. Mc'Jammon. A
6hort turn to the right brought them to
the stairs leading to the receptiou-room
on the second floor.
A number of distinguished people were
presented to the President and his wife.
Among those were Mr?. Potter Palmer of
Chicago, Mrs. S. V. R. Cruger (Julien Go-
den) of New York, Mra. Russell Harrison,
the French Ambassador, the Korean Min
ister and wife, ex-Secretary Olney, Secre
taries Sherman, Alger and Gage. A little
later Mr. find Mrs. Mark Hanna, General
Osborneatid wile and Mr. and Mrs. Abnei
McKinley arrived.
Vice-Piesident Hobart's arrival followed
promptly that of the President. He was
accompanied by Mrs. Hobart. Later a
brief reception in the apartments assigned
to them was given, and himself and Mrs.
Hobart joined the Presidential party and
assisted in receivine the invited guests.
The crowd downstairs had meanwhile
grown impatient for a sight of the Presi
dential party, and in response to their
overtures the President and Vice-Presi
dent. accompanied by their wives, walked
each to the balcony overlooking the floor.
They were repeatedly cheered by the
Indies and gentlemen who, to the number
of 5000, crowded the open space beneath.
The distinguished quartet bowed its ac
knowledgments, the band played an in
spiring air and the ball was fairly opened.
The gown worn by Mrs McKinley was
very handsome. The material was what
is known as cloth of Silesia, and those of
the ladies with her were modes of the
modiste art.
The Presidential party passed to the
din.nvi-hall from tbe gallery. First came
the escort derail of the reception commit
tee waiting four abreast. They were fol
lowed by Lieutenant Emory of the navy
and Edward McCaulev, superintendent of
the floor managers. Th<*n came a numbex
of army and navy officers, headed by
Brigadier-General Wilson.
Then came General Miles, chairman of
the reception committee, escorting Presi
dent and Mrs. McKinley, Vire-President
and Mrs. Hobart were escorted by Gard
ner G. Hubbard, president of the National
Geographic Society. As they proceeded
across the hall their passage was marked
by continued cheering, which lasted as
long as the President was in sight.
At 11:30 o'clock Mr. ami Mrs. McKinley
left the building lor the White House.
In Fitting Manner Ho Succeeds
Stevenson as Presiding Offi
cer of tr\e Senate.
WASHINGTON, D. C, March 4 —At
9 a. m., the time to which the Seuate
recess was taken, the Eun was shining in
a cloudles? sky, giving assurance of splen
did weather for the inauguration.
Admittance to the north wing of the
Capitol was only obtained through the
presentation at one of the outer doors of a
card entitling the bearer to entrance; and
those cards were restricted to newspaper
men and to others whose business re
quired their presence in the Senate wing,
and 7ery few couifl avail themselves of
that privilege. *
The Senate chamber had been com
pletely metamorphosed during the three
hours' recess. Placed closely together and
rilling all the angles of the room on one
side of tho front desks were scores of arm
chairs designed for the dignitaries who
were to participate in the ceremonies of
the day. Spectators were excluded from
the galleries while the finishing touches
were being eiven to the arrangements of
the floor.
The recess of the Senate was extended,
if not by consent at least by the non-ap
pearance of Senators, from 8 o'clock to
8:30. At that time Senator Carter (Sil. ) of
Montana took the chair as presiding
officer and cailed the Senate to order, and
then the Senate took another recess to 'J
o'clock. When this action was tafcen the
only persons in the chamber besides Stew
art and Carter were the journal clerk, the
chief clerk, the olQcial stenographer and
assistant doorkeepers and a dozen young
When tne Senate really did reconvene
the on!y necessary business before it
remaining uudone was the conference
report on the deficiency bill, which had
not yet been presented.
At 9:40 o'clock Hale presented the con
ference report on the geherni deficiency
bill. It gave the reports by number on
which agreement had been reached and of
those on which the committee was unable
to agree. The report was agreed to, but
the usual request for a further conference
waa not made.
The galiery doors were not opened until
10 o'clock, when the crowds that had been
waiting with tickets of admission flowed
in, and soon every seat wan occupied, ex
cept in the sections reserved lor the diplo
matic corps and the families of Senators.
About this time Mr. Carter vacated the
Chair andVice-President Sfevenson occu
pied it. After a little while, however, Mr.
Stevenson yielded to Mr. Hoar (R. ) of
A resolution was offered by Mr. Morrill
(R.) ofVerruont and was unanimously ac
cepted, tendering the thauks of the Sen
ate for tha "dicniriod, impartial and cour
teous manner in which the Vice- President
bad presided over the Senate." Senator
Fau kner offered a similar resolution
thanking Mr. Frye for acting Speaker pro
At 10:30 o'clock a messaee was received
from the House stating that thai body
would not agree to the Senate amend
nieutß to the labor commission bill. Hoar
offered an amendment which was agreed
to for the appointment of a committee of
two members to join a like committee
from the House to wait upon the Presi
dent and inform him that both houses
having concluded the business of the
present session were ready to adjourn un
less be should have some further com
munication to make. Senators Hoar and
Brice were appointed to act for the Sen
The Vice-President then called upon the
Vice-President-elect to take the oath of
office. Mr. Garret A. Hobart stood up
and with uplifted bead took the oath as
administered by Vice-President Steven
son and subscribed to it. Thereupon Mr.
Hobart took the chair and Mr. Stevenson
delivered his farewell speech as follows:
Senators: The hour has arrived which
marks the close of the Fifty-fourth Congress
and terminates my official relation to this
body. Before laying down the gavel for the
last time I may be pardoned for detaining
you for a moment in the attempt to give ex
pression to my gratitude lor the uniform
courtesy extended me, for the many kind
nesses shown mo during the time it has been
my good fortune to preside over your delib
erations. Jly appreciation of the resolution
of the Senate, persona! to myself, can find no
adequate expression in words. Intentionally
at no time have I given offense, and I carry
from tnis presence no shadow of feeling of un
kindness toward any Senator— no memory of a
Chief among the favors political fortune
nas bestowed upon me, I count that of having:
been the associate, and of having kuown
something of the friendship of the men with
whom 1 have so long held official relations in
this chamber. To have been the presiding
officer of the august body is an honor of which
even the most illustrious citizen might be
proud. lam persuaded that no occupant of
this chair, during the 108 years of our consti
tutional history, ever entered upon the dis
charge of the duties pertaining to this office
moro deep!}' impressed with a sense of Vhe re
sponsibilities imposed or with a higher appre
ciation of the character and dignity of the
great legislative assembly.
During the term just closing questions of
deep imDort to political parties and to the
C untry have here found earnest and at times
pH-sioiiatefliscussion. This chamber has, in
deed, been the arenu of great debate. Tne rec
ord o. four years of parliamentary strugg'ea,
of masterful debates, of important legislation
is closed and passed now to the domain of his
tory. I think I can t-uly say, in the worJ><~>Sjr
a distinguished predecessor: >l ln the discharge
of my official duties I have known no cause,
no party, no friend."
It has been my earnest endeavor justly to in
terpret ana faithfully to execute the rules of
the Senate. At times the temptation may be
strong to compass partisan ends by a disregard
or a perversion of the rules, yet I think it safe
to ssy the result, however salutary, will b«
dearly purchased by a departure from the
methods prescribed by the Senate for its own
guidance. A single instance as indicated
nughi prove the forerunner of untold evils.
'Twill be recorded for a precedent.
And many an error b/ the same example
Wili rush Into ihe state
It must not be forgotten that the rules gf-T-"
ernins this bo iy are founded deep in humau
experience, thut they are the result of centu
ries of tireless effort in legislative hal ■ to con
serve, to render stable and secure the rights
and liberties wh eh have been achieved by
By its rules the Senate wisely fixes the HmiM
to its own power. Of those who c.amor against
the Senate »tnd its method of procedure, it
may De truly-said: -'They know not what
they do." In this chamber ulone are preserved
without restraint two essentials of wise legis
lation and of good Government— ihe right of
amendment and of debate. Great eviis often
result from hasty legislation ; rarely irom the
delays which follow lull discussion and delib
eration. In my humble judgment the historic
Senate, preserving the unrestricted right of
amendment and of debate, maintaining intact
the time-honored parliamentary methods and
amenities which uniailingly securo action
after deliberation, possesses in our scheme of
government a value which cannot be meas
ured in words.
The Senate is a perpetual body. In the terro
words. of an eminent senator, now present,
'•The men who iramea the constitution had
studied thoroughly all former attempts at re
publican government. History waill'irew^
with the wrecks of unsuccessful deniocrm . A y
Sometimes the usurpation of the executive
power, sometimes the fickleness and unbridled
license of the people had brought popular
governments to destruction. To guard again .%t
these dangers they placed their chief nope in
tne Senate. The Senate, which was organized
in 1779 at the inauguration of the Govern
ment, abides and will continue to abide one
and the SP.me body until tne Republic it«>e.f
shall be overthrown or time shall be no more."
Twenty-seven Senators who occupied aeata
in this cnamber durinjr :ny term of ofiiee are
no longer members of this body. Five of that
number— Stanford, Colquitt. Vance, Stock
bridge aud Wiison— shattered with the cou
tentions of the great hall, fall of years aii<i
honors, have passed from earthly scenes. The
fall oi the gavel will conclude the only and
honorable terms of service of other Senators,
who will be borne- in kind remembrance by
their associates who remain.
1 would do violence to my feelings if I failed
to express my thanks to the officers of this
body for the fidelity with which they have
discharged their important duties and for tin?
timely assistance and unfailing courtesy oi
whicu I have been the recipient.
For the able and distinguished gentleman
who succeeds aie as your presiding ollicer I
earnestly invoke tb.3 same cooperation and
courtesy you have so generously accorded me.
Senators: My parting words have been,
spoken, and I now discharge my last official
duty— tbat of declaring the t-enate adjourned,
without day.
When Mr. Stevenson concluded his
speech he took the seat which his suc
cessor had occupied, while Vice-President
Hobart took the gavel and announced
prayer by the Chaplain. The audience
arose and remained in an attitude of rev
erence, while the blind Chaplain of the
Senate, Rev. Mr. Miiburn, opened the
Fifty-fifth Congress with prayer.
Then Vice- President iiubart made hi 9
opening speech as follows:
Senators: To have b;?cn tlccttfd to ;.i- I
over the Senate of the I'nited States is a dis- i
tinctlon which any citizen would prize, an<! J
ihe manifestation of confluence which itfm-I
plies is mi honor which I sincerely appreciate. '
My gratitude and loyalty to the people of the
country.to whomlowethis honor, and my duty
to you as well, demands such a conservative,
equitable and conscientious construction and
enforcement of your rules as shall promote the
well-being and prosperity of the people, and
at the same time conserve the time-honored
precedents and established traditions which,
have contributed to make this tribunal the
most distinguished of the legislative bodies 01
the world.
In entering upon the duties of the office to
which I have been chosen I feel a paculiar
delicacy, ior I am aware that your tody, with
whom for a time I will bo assi ciated, lias had
but a small voice in the selection of its presid
ing officer, and that I am oilled upon to con
duct your deliberations while not perhapi
your choice in point of either merit or fitness.
It will be my object to aid you so far es I
may in reasonable expedition of the business
of the Senate, and I may be permitted to ex
press the belief that such expedition is the
hope of the country. All the interests of
good government and advancement toward a
higher and better condition of things call f. r
prompt and positive legislation a: your hand -.
To obstruct the regular course of wise and
prudent legislative act on after the tuilest ami
freest discirsion is neither consistent with
true Senatorial courtrsy. conducive to the wel
fare of the people nor in compliance with their
just expectations.
While assisting in the settlement of the prrave
questions which devolve upon the Senate of
the United States it will be mv endeavor to so
guide its deliberations that its wisdom may b»>
fruitful in works, while at the same time ex
ercising such fairness and impartiality wiih.n
the rules of the Senate as shall deserve n t
least your good opinion ior the sincerity oi my
Unfamiliar with your rules and manner of
procedure, I can only promise that I will brhi<»
all the Rbility I possess to the faithful dis
charge of every duty as it may devolve upo i
me, relying always upou your suggestions,
your b#tUm and your co-operation, u:id I
should feel umqual to the task did I not tri; >
and fully anticipate that indulgent nld c I
consideration that you have at all times g\\- ■ .
to my predecessors, and without which Ice T-i
Continmd on Fourth JFage.

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