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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, March 06, 1897, Image 1

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Must Pay the Penalty for
Their Most Auda
cious Libels.
Oa the Floor of the Senate Voor
heis Applies the Lash to
the Falsifiers.
Authors of thj Bare-Faced Lies Ac
cusing Legislators of Bribery
Are Demora z d
SACRAMENTO. Cal., March 5.
In its wild despair and rage over
being shown up as a malignant
faker, the Examiner struck out
blindly, hitting all who refused to
become a party to its attempt to
quash the bribery investigation or
to blind the real issue. Among
others it maligned were Senator
Voorheis and Judge Frick. Both
took steps to-day to even up the
On the floor of the Senate this
afternoon, Senator Voorheis rose to
a question of privilege, and spoke
as follows :
"1 desire to rise to a question of
personal privilege. I noticed in the
Examiner of this morning that I
was accused of leaving Sacramento
to avoid being subpenaed in the in
vestijjatidn which is now pending
in the Senate and Assembly. 1 de
sire to state that my absence from
Sacramento was on purely business
of my own, and the statement in
the Examiner that I left to avoid
being subpenaed 'is a falsehood pure
and simple.
" 1 desire to make that statement
to the Senate, for the paper that
goes broadcast and carries every
where such malignant statements
should be denied representation in
this Senate and Assembly. Its
statements are malignant falsehoods
from- first to last."
Judge Frick took a more drastic
course. To-day he telegraphed his
law partner to begin a libel suit
against the Examiner for $50,000
for the defamatory matter published
in its columns this morning.
Two hot-worded altercations also
took place here to-day as the result
of the scurrilous attacks this morn
ing on witnesses before the Assem
bly Investigating Committee. One
was between Frank Moffitt of Oak
land and Andy M. Lawrence, and
which nearly resulted in blows.
The other was between Judge Frick
and- Andrew J. Clunie, in which the
lie was given Clunie.
\The Managing Fak»r of the Ex
aminer Admits That He Had No
Foundation for the Libel.
SACRAMENTO, Cau, March s.— The
Assembly committee investigating the
Examiner libel fonnd out something to
day. It found that the article accusing
the Senators and Assemblymen of being a
pack of bribe-takers was written upon
nimor, and that it was published witn the
full knowledge and approval of Andy M.
Lawrence, managing editor of the monarch
of the "new fake journalism."
Assemblyman Valentine conducted the
case for tne Assembly commi'lee, and
Andy Clunie had the impudence to ques
tion Valentine's right to be there. Lev
ings, the author of the article, could not
give tne committee any information. He
claimed to bare a tip that Mr. Hayward
had sent a dispatcn to Senator Voorheis,
and the Examiner at once jumped to the
conclusion that it was a proposal to bribe
the Senator- to vote for Caminetti's bill
No. 273.
Manager Jaynes of the Western Union
office produced the telegram, under pain of
contempt in case of his refusal to do so,
and it proved to be a request from Mr.
Hayward to do what h« could la favor of
Senator Wolfe's bill on corporation's sole,
in which Aich bishop Riordan was said to
i be interested and to desire its passage.
J The bill was a perfectly honest ana legiti
' mate one.
Judge Frick produced copies of tele
prams which had passed between him and
George W. Baker, attorney for the Liquor
dealers' Association, which was interested
in No. 273, and the«e proved to be open
and above board. They are published in
full in this article.
The Examiner's attorneys displayed so
much anxiety to conceal the fact that the
The San Francisco Call
libel was not founded upon even a cobweb
that the crowd broke into rude laughter
several times while Clunie was trying to
bamboozle the committee and while
Knight was growing red in the face with
the effort to preserve a grave countenance
while the farce was going on.
Senator Voorheis, again-t whom the
bulk of the Examiner's insinuations had
been directed, swore that no menaces
whatever had passed between him ami
Mr. Hay ward or any other person regard
ing bill 273, and drove the cowardly lie
deep down into the throat of the fake or
Managing Editor Lawrence looked dis
tressed at the plight into which he had
got the paper, and showed bis teeth
threateningly to the committee on one
occasion when he lost his temper.
Isador Alexander testified that he was a
correspondent of the Examiner, and had
been acting as such during the present
session of the Legislature. He did not
write the article in the Examiner, did not
know who wrote it and did not know any
of the facts stated in the libelous article.
E. H. Hamilton of the Examiner denied
that he was the author of the article or
thai he knew who was, or that he was ac
quainted with any of the facts.
"Do you know," a?kecl Valentine, "of
any bribery done here in connection with
any member of the Assembly . relative to
Assembly bill 273?"
"I don't recall any knowledge that
would throw any light on the subject,"
replied Hamilton.
"Do you know of any bribery at all con
cerning this Assembly bill 273? D d you
have any information at the time this arti
cle was written, or have you acquired any
information since, in relation to the charge
of bribery?"
"I don't believe I read the article," re
plied Hamilton.
"Do you know who prepared the article
or where it wai prepared?"
"You know absolutely nothing about
"Nor as to who caused it to be written
or put in the paper?"
"I haven't the faintest idea."
"Who has charge of that department?"
"Mr. Lawrence is the managing editor.
The coast editor receives the matter sent
by telegraph?"
Alvinza Hayward was recalled and was
asked whether he knew anything in con
nection with the preparation of the arti- \
cle. He replied that he did not, and Hill
explained that Mr. Hayward was not a
member of the Examiner staff.
Mr. Hayward in response to further
questions by Valentine paid that he knew
absolutely nothing concerning the alleged
Andrew M. Lawrence, managing editor
of the Examiner, confessed to that fact
under oath. He said that in important
matters other members of the staff were
called in for consultation with the editor.
"Do yon know who published the arti
cle in the Examiner February 27?"
"Only by hesrsay," replied Lawrence.
"Did yon prepare it yourself?"
"No, sir; I received., information that
f<n, ? teJegrenis passed between Senator
Voorheis and', Alvinza Hayward, and' I
was told that if Iwe could get those t?le
erams they would show corruption in the
"Who gave you that information?" was
The witness became suddenly dumb
and cast an appealing look toward Clunie
and Knight.
Knight shook his head as a tip to the
witness not to answer. They held a whis
peied conference, and while they were in
consultation Assemblyman Clarke said:
"I thought you wanted to' give us. all
the information in your power?"
"You will get all you want before you
get through," retorted Lawrence de
"There will be another investigating
committee," said Ciunie insolently, "and
you know what that means."
"From whom did you receive that in
formation?" Lawrence was asked again.
"From one of the members of the staff,"
was the reply.
"What was his name?"
Clunie interposed with an objection.
He said that W. R. Hearst was the only
person who had authority to divulge his
own secrets. It was a confidential mat
Belshaw said that he wanted to get at
the bottom of the investigation, "and if
it is all hearsay evidence we want . to
know it." ■
Hill said that the object of the question
was to find the name of the member of
the staff so that they could get him as a
witness and find out what he knew about
the matter.
It seemed to Belshaw that the Exam
iner must have known that the article
was true before it was published, and if
the Examiner people had thai proof they
should put nothing in the way of this in
'•The Examiner said that it was beyond
the shadow of a doubt that members of
the Legislature were bribed to support
Assembly bill 273," said Valentine. "If
the gentleman will give us the informa
tion. If he will tell us what members of
the Assembly were implicated, so that we
can proceed, very well. We mu«t get to
the man from whom he obtained this in
formation, and follow it up so that we
can pin this charge to the man whom th«
Examiner represents in this libel."
Here ; Clunie got a chance to make an
other bluff, and be took it. "If you will
have Mr. Jaynes produce those telegrams
you will find the worst state of corruption
that ever existed," he said.
Valentine proceeded with the examina
tion of Lawrence.
"You say there are four gentlemen who
sometimes assisted the editor 'in the
preparation of those matters?"
C'unie objected again. He did not want
the faking machinery of the Examiner
exposed. * . •'■,' -.*".' £
Valentine quietly suggested that if the
Examiner would give the names of its in
formants to the committee .the work of
the investigation would be rendered very
easy. All that the committee wanted
was the: truth.
"I cannot see for the life of me," he
added, "why the Examiner is hiding itself
behind technicalities. The Examiner is not
on trial,".he siad. , "The : Examiner took
the initiative in this matter and said that
it was positive as to the fact?. If the
Examiner could make that assertion it
undoubtedly- had the names of the men
concerned, the places and the ' circum
stances of , the bribery to back it." -.
Lawrence still refused to answer the
questions. '£Vv : i , , , . ,
"What was the information thus ob
tained?" asked Valentine. ,
; Clunie fell into a man trap here for he
The Schooner Vine Arrived From the Gilbert Group Yesterday, and as Captain Luttrell
Could Not Make Port He Anchored About Two Miles Off Shore. The Oceanic
Steamship Company's Alameda Passed Out During the Afternoon, and Was
Within a Stone Throw of the Anchored Vessel.
objected to the question on the ground
that the answer would be hearsay, thus
admitting that the Examiner had libeled
the Lecislature upon mere rumor and
"Did you yourself have any hand in the
preparation of this article or auy part of
it?" asked Valentine.
Clunie objected again, but Lawrence im
patiently replied that he had had no band
in the preparation of the article. He
added that he hart not assisted in the
preparation of any portion of the article.
Then Valentine turned loose the ava
lanche that buried the Examiner.
"Did you know of the offer or the pay
ment of any money to any member of the
Assembly in relation to bill 273?"
"No," now replied the manager editor
of the Examiner, thus confessing that his
paper huct deliberately und maliciously
faked a libel.
A murmur of surprise arose from the ;
audience at the shameless avowal and at j
the stupidity of the Examiner's counsel j
in having failed to object to a Question of :
auch tremendous importance to the issue
Valentine followed up the question with ;
another pf eqnal imiji rfance
"All tue in form at ion on which thin 1
article was published is hearsay, and only
hearsay?" he asked.
"Yes," replied Lawrence.
"Did you see the messages that were i
said to have passed between Mr. Hayward
and Senator Voorheis?"
"No, sir."
"Did yon know the contents of those
Here Knight recovered from the stupor
in which he had been thrown by the
knockout blow flelivertd on the Examiner
by the manager of that paper, and ob
Valentine asked if the Examiner people
were so anxious to prove the truth of the
libelous statement that corruption ex
isted beyond the shadow of a doubt why
did they attempt to throw the committee
off on the telegrams and yet refuse to
give the committee the information in
their possession.
"All we want of the Examiner people is
to tell us this testimony which estab
lisned in their minds beyond the shadow
of a doubt that ' this bribery existed. We
are inviting the Examiner to assist us in
this instead of throwing obstacles in our
"Did you authorize the publication of
that article in the Examiner ?" asked Hill.
Here Clunie awoke from his ten seconds'
trance and objected, and the committee
dropped Lawrence. They had squeezed
out of him a confession that the libel was
a take, built upon the airy foundation of
rumor, and they smiled at the expression
of consternation depicted upon the coun
tenances of Clunie and Knight.
Frank Jaynes, general manager of the
Western Union Teleeraph Company, took
the stand and produced a dispatch from
Alvinza Hayward to Senator Voorheis, re
questing him to vote for Wolfe's Senate
bill, empowering a corporation sole
right to dispose of real estate in the same
manner as private citizens are allowed to
do. The telegram was not read, but was
exhioited to the committee, who decided
that it had no bearing on tha matter of
Assembly bill 273. This is a bill in which
it was stated on the floor of the Assembly
by Judge Dibble that Archbishop Kiordan
was interested.
The witness had his clerks in Oakland,
San Francisco and Alameda searching for
other telegrams between the two parties
and he expected that the search would be
finished by next Monday.
Frank Moffitt, ex-newspaper publisher
and politician, was called 10 the stand and
said that he knew nothing about any
Franklin Hichborn, one of the Examin
er's Kiaff of correspondents, testified that
his work was in the Assembly chamber.
"Do you kndw of any money being paid
to any member of the Assembly to in
fluence his vote on Assembly bill No.
■•No, sir."
He did not send to the Examiner any
information on which the article was
based and he did not write it or any part
of it. He did not know anything about
ihe matter.
Judee Frick came in at this moment
and produced the following copies of tele
prams which passed between him and G.
W. Baker:
Sacramento, Cal., Feb. 17, 1897.
George W. Baker, Mi'ln Building, Van Fran
cisco, <al.: Aro you interested in Assembly bill
No. 273? If bo answer care Hart North, nam
ing time when I can talk to you.
A. L. Krick.
San Francisco, Cal., Feb. 17, 1897.
A. L. Frick, care Han North, Snciainento, Cat:
I have an interest in tnatbill. Am siik to*
Continued on Second Page.
Will Battle With the Turks
if They Cross the
Warlike Activity at Athens
Shows Ultimatum of the
Powers Is Ignored
All the Army Reserves Are Called
Oat and the Grecians Are
Reaiy f<v he Fray.
ATHENS, Greece, March s.— Advices
received here tnis afternoon show that
the force of Christians who are investing
Heraklion number 15,000 men. The in
surgents have stopped all communication
with the town by land, and it is certain
that unless the foreign warships actively
intervene in behalf of the Moslems the
town will shortly be compelled to sur
The small detachment of sailors and
marines landed from the various war
ships still occupy the town, but without
the aid of the fleets they could make but
a feeble defense against the overwhelming
numbers of insurgents.
The greatest activity is being displayed
in A.hens in making preparations to give
battle to the Turks should they cross
the Greek frontier. The Ministry of War
presents a most animated scene. Officers
in uniform throng the corridors and
orderlies are constantly being dispatched
in every direction with orders to different
commanders. The telegraph wires are
constantly busy with dispatches to officers
in distant places. The niogt energetic
measures are being taken for the mobiliza
tion of the forces.
There is a similar scene of activity in the
Ministry of Marine, where everything pos
sible is being done to placo the fleet in
readiness for any contingency.
There is no sign anywhere of the King
or Government receding from the position
they have taken, and it is ominous that in
the face of the threat of the combined
Europe, the warlike preparations are being
carried on with feverish activity. The
most intense enthusiasm is everywhere
displayed and the people evince no fear of
the result of au appeal to arms. They know
full well that the Greek army by itself is
no match for the numerically superior
Turkish forces, but they also know that in
the event of war the whole of Southern Eu
rope would be set on lire. It is this thai
the powers wish to prevent. If they at
tempt to use force to compel Greece to ac
cede to their demands, there is a very
strong probability that Greece will apply
the torch that will start a conflagration,
the result of which no one can foretell.
It is believed here that the powers, see
ing the chance of their becoming involved
in a great war, will, owing to their con
flicting interests, make haste slowly in at
tempting to force the Greeks to withdraw
their support from the Cretan Christians.
It has been decided that there shall be a
eenerai mobilization of the Greek forces,
and to this end the two clas s es of reserves
that had not been summoned previously
have now been called out. The reserve
forces alone give a totai of 104,600 men,
and behind this is what is called the terri
torial arm, which numbers upward of
Mti.OOO men, not by any means an insig
nificant force. The standing army num
bers about 20.000 men.
Ammunition and supplies for the troops
are being supplied as rapidly as possible,
and in a few days the whole available war
strength o fthe nation will have been pre
pared for any eventuality that may occur.
People who have arrived here from the
provinces have expressed no surprise at
the enthusiastic support that is beinz
given by the Athenians to the Govern
ment. They aay that there is more en
thusiasm in the places they come from
than is displayed in the capital, and there
is a grim determination to uphold the
King ami Government in any steps they
may take to maintain their present posi
tion. Dispatches from different points in
Thesaaly and Epirus report the move
ment of large quantities of munitions of
war to u.e frontier, where troops are being
amassed a» speedily as the resources at
' tht: command of the military authorities
LONDON, Eng , March s.— Sir Charles
Dilke, Sir Thomas Reid, Henry Labou
chere, John Dillon, Herbert Gladstone,
the Right Hon. A. J. Mundell and nearly
100 other Liberal members of the House of
Commons have subscribed their names to
a letter to the King of Greece, paying him
a tribute for his services to Crete and ex
pressing hope for the future safety and
welfare o! Greece.
The Standard says the letter has ex
cited indignation among the supporters of
the Government. The letter, it adds, is
calculated to encourage the King to resist
the poweis and to produce a mischievous
Concerning the dispatch signed by 100
I Liberals, National Irish members of Par
liament, which waa sent to the King of
Greece last night, expressing sympathy
with the efforts of Greece in behalf of
Crete, the Westminster Gazette (Liberal)
"When the King receives this message
of sympathy be will do well to take notice
of the fact that the British Government
lias a majority of 150 in the House of
Common If he understands tba beiring
, of this, and. it he know* mat the Govern
-1 men t of Great Britain can only be diverted
I from its decision by an adverse vote in tne
House of Commons, which there is ap
parently no chance of obtaining, he will
better understand the value of the mes
The Constantinople correspondent of
the Standard telegraphs that the police
have reported that 10,000 Greek residents
of the city are preparing to make trouble.
Orders have been issued from the Yildiz
Kiosk tnat exceptional precautions should
[ be taken in view of the bitter feeling be
tween the Greeks and Mussulmans.
In reply to a letter from the editor of
the Chronicle, Gladstone writes from the
south of France that to expel the Greek
troops from Crete ana keep as police the
butchers of Armenia would further deepen
the disgrace of the powers.
The Times publishes a dispatch from
Constantinople stating that the Forte's
reply to the note of ' the powers was
drafted Wednesday and will probably be
delivered Thursday evening. The tenor
of the reply is acquiescent. The dispatch
adds that the powers have agreed upon
the terms of their communication respect
! ing the withdrawal of the Turkish troops
I from Crete, and that this communication
j will be handed to the Porte on Monday
I immediately after the Bairim festival,
during which the public ottices are closed.
ST. PETERSBURG. RrssiA, March 5.—
The Journal (semi-official) makes a state
ment in effect that the Russian Imperial
Cabinet is animated by an ardent desire
to further the work of pacification, and in
that spirit took the initiative in propos
ing the plan formulated in the identical
i notes of the powers to Turkey and Greece.
I The paper in conclusion says: There is
reason to hope that further difficulties
will not arise and tbat Greece will prove
her wisdom by bending to the mighty will
of united Europe. In the common in
terests of peace and legality Greece cannot
desire to endanger her future oy acts of
folly, and the Greeks may be happy in the
knowledge that their kinsmen in Crete
will in future enjoy local autonomy.
Russia, which has ever had the interests
of the Christian peoples of the East at
heart, will regard the suggested solution
with SHtisiacuon, all the greater seeing
that it is in harmony for the desire for
universal peac e and in the spirit of
equity by which the ir perial Government
is constantly inspired.
CANKA, Crete, March s.— The situa
tion at ISelino and towns in that vicinity
is uncenain, the leports from there being
va^ue. It is claimed that Cadmoa is stili
holding out despite the previous reports
that the town had surrendered to the
.bur three days a discussion has been
going on between tne admirals of ihe
foreign warships and M. Baraklis, the
Greek Vice-Consul, who was recently di
rected by King George to go to Selino 10
intervene wiih ihe insurgents in beha.f
of the besieccd Mohammedans at Cad
mos. The Consul insisted upon going
to iSelino on the Greet warship Hydra,
but the Greek admiral, apparently
thinking that if he went in a Greek
vessel Greece would get too much credit
for the rescue of the Moslems, declined to
permit him to go on the Hydra, They
offered, however, to place a Kussian tor
peuo-boat destroyer at his .service for the
purpose, Dut Al. Boraklis very firmly re
iused the offer.
It is now variously stated that M. Ber
aklis has gone on nis mission of mercy
and that he has not gone. The impor
tance of the matter lies in the desperate
situation of the besieged Moslems ai
Cadmos. Public feeling here is strong
against the attitude of the foreign ad
mirals, which may lead to the loss of
many lives.
5. — The Italian Embassador has made a
formal demand upon tae Porte for satis
faction for the firing of a shot across the
bows of an Italian mail steamer on Tues
day evening while tne vessel was passinj.
through the Dardanelles.
Rhodes Says It Was Precipitated by tht
Gross Discrimination of Kruger
in Raiiway Rates.
LONDON, Exg., March 5. — The ex
amination of Cecil Rhodes, ex-Premier of
the Cape Colony, was resumed in West
minster Hall to-tluy by the Parliamentary
committee appointed to inquire into thy
Jameson raid in the Transvaal. There
was a fair attendance of spectators, but
there were not nearly so many persons
present as at the previous sittings.
Mr. Rhodes testified that the Transvaal
Government had raised the railway rates
for passengers and freight through the
special intervention of President Kruger,
Uie object Ixnu io divert {rsflio so that
the bulk of it should be secured by the
Netherlands line. Witness said that he
himse.f. had told President Kruger that
the result of such action would be that
the Cape Colonists, and even a great many
of the Boers, would resent it and try to
turn him out of office. To this Kruger
replied that he had the power and meam
to übe it.
The opposition to commercial federa
tion, Mr. Rhodes said, came chiefly from
Germany, as it tended to interfere with
the German trade. The duties aid not
oppose the wishes of the Germans. Mr.
Rhodes said that bis main object in assist
ing an insurrection in the Transvaal was
to secure free trade throughout South
Africa and a more tolerant attitude on the
part of the Transvaal republic toward the
Cape Colony.
In answer to questions relating to the
expenses of his operations against the
natives in South Africa Mr. Rhodes said
that be had sold 40,000 shares of the
British South Africa Company stock to
pay the expenses of the war against the
Matabeles and had expended £f)4,000 in
delraying such expenses, from which out
lay there hart been no return.
Mr. Rhodes further testified that he had
paid £50,000 toward the fines which had
been imposed by the Transvaal Court at
Pretoria upon the Johannesburg reform
committee prisoners.
The examination of Mr. Rhodes was
then concluded.
Mr. Chamberlain and Mr. Rhodes were
mutu&ll; polite during the sitting, but
there did not seem to be any feeling of
cordiality between them. The questions
put and the answers given throughout Mr.
Rhodes' examination, however, agreed in
showinc that thn narrow and reactionary
policy of the Transvaal Government is
endangering the peace of South Africa.
Spain Will Now Have to
Face the Japanese
Murdered b? the Natives—Jap
anese Warships N w on
the Scene.
if Prompt Action Is Net Taken Japan
Will at Once D. ciare
The long overdue schooner Vine got in
from the Southern Seas last nixht.
Captain Luttrell reports that Spain has
.-.nother war on ncr hands, in the Caro
lines, and that Jipan will demand satis
:acuon for the murder of several of her
subjects. It api ears that latterly "the
little brown men from the land of the
chrysanthemum have had cou'rol of all
the trade on all the islands. This ansered
the natives and they toon ibeir revenge on
the Japanese when the opportunity came.
The whole colony was wiped out and now
Japanese warships have been sent to the
scene of action in order to uphold the
honor of the flag.
"It was this way that the trouble oc
curred," said Captain Luttrell yesterday.
"The natives are half Spanish and Half
Soutn Sea Islanders. At first they wel
comed the Japanese, but when the latter
| began to monopolize. all ti.e business of the
group the natives began to kick. Finally,
when the Japs began taking to wife the
handsomest gils on the group tne trouble
began. A general uprising followed and
every Japanese ou iha link .-roup was
killed. 1 call it cold-blooded murder, and
the Japanese Government seems to hold
the same opinion. When the Vine left
the Carolines warships were expected
there every day, and the chances are that
that the islands of Ruk are in ruins and
that several thousand natives have paid
the death penalty for tho murder of the
"Of all the natives in the Caroline
group those on the Ruk Islands are the
most savage. They demand an eye for an
eye and a tooth for a tooth, and nothing
save death can prevent them .rum having
their pound -of flesh. Nothing shore of
extermination will quiet them and no
power on earth can accomplish that.
Spain cannot control them and Japan
wiil not be able to do anything with the
warships except to have them back up her
demand for an indemnity. In the mean
time ihe Japanese are being murdered and
the whole group is in a ferment."
While the Vine was at Kusaie the hull
of a copper-riveted vessel drifted on the
reef. At first it was thought to be the
Centaur, which was burned in April last
in 150 west, but now Captain Luttrell is of
the opinion that it was some American
ship that was reported missing years ago
and has finally reached land. There was
nothing but the hull left and not a thing
by which the vessel could be identified.
No matter what vessel it is, the hull shows
I that it must have drifted at least 3000
! miles durinpr the past six months.
James McMiilen, an old-time trader and
one of the beat known men in ibe South
ern Seas, died at Butaritari last January.
It was tirst intended to send his remain?
to San Francisco on the Vine in order
that they might be placed in the family
vault in Illinois, bat other counsels pra

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