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VOLUME LXXXI.-NO. 109.
FOREIGN TROOPS TO BE LANDED Powers Getting Ready for the Coercion of Brave Greece. ADMIRALS ARRANGE THE BLOCKADE. After Sunday No Vessels Will . Be Allowed to Enter With in out Permission. PHILOSOPHICALLY THE GREEKS PREPARE FDR WAR. They Do Not Believe That Autonomy Can Be Sustained in the Island of Crete CANEA, Ckete, March IS -The ad mirals commanding the fleets of the powers here have cabled to the representa tives of their respective governments in Constantinople that the blockade of the :.-:and would begin on Sunday. War ships will make a cruise around tha inland delivering to the inhabitants of the chief ports proclamations declaring that the power? intend to establish autonomy in the island and the blockade will begin on the-day specified. It has been decide i that the foreign troops who are to be landed to carry out the purposes of the powers shall be lo cated at different places. The French troops will be placed at Sitia and Spina ionsa. the British at Candia, the Russian at Retimo and the German at Suda Bay tmd Canea. It has not been stated where the Austrian and Italian forces shall be ; aced. The proclamation issued by foreign ad mirals announcing the conditions under which autonomy will be granted to Crete promises the adoption of measures to rec uiate the workings of complete autonomy ; >r the. islwi *pd *uarnntees toeveiy on?, i .\. .er race or rtiigiou, perfect lib erty and. security of property. ATHENS. Greece, Sdarch 18.— In the Boule to-day M. Skouzes, Minister of For eign Affairs, announced that the foreign admirals in Cretan waters had issued a proclamation stating that a blockade o f Crete would begin at 8 o'clock on the KISSAMO KASTELLI, in Northwest Crete, Now Besieged and Surrounded by the Christian Insurgents. morning of March 21— Sunday next. After that time no Greek vessels would be J owed to enter the ports of the island, id the vessels of other nations desiring in enter must first obtain permission from the admirals. The announcement was received calmly. The Chnmberand the people generally are resigned to this action on the part of the i owers, believing that the attempted im position of autonomy on the Cretans will prove futile and that the island will ulti mately fall to Greece. A number of prominent Cretans, who are now in Athei>«, state that their prop erty has been destroyed by Moslems and t!iat they will nevr return to tbe island. They could never have the slight* st confi dence in the novel regime that is proposed by the powers, and Deiieve that an autono mous Government imposed by force of arms would never be sell-sustained and that the end of it would l c worse than the first. The Greelc troops in the island are in a position, so far as supplies are con cerned, to boUi out for an indefinite period notwithstanding a blockade. As soon as tne Greek Government learned tLat it was the intention of ihe power? to blockade the island large quan ; n.es oi provisions, munitions of war, medicinosand all supplies necessary for ;,n army in the field were hurried forward. During the past week great quantities of h se supplies bave been successfully transferred to the troops. >Gr-ek sai ors, than wnom there are no _#aiter along the snores of the Metfiterra- are confident that the blockade will not prow effective against their superior knowledge of the coasts ol Crete. They claim tsiat they cau and will easily run tiie blockade aud land whatever cargoes they carry. The news of the sinking of a Greek . schooner by an Austrian warship in Cretan waters caused the greatest excite ment and indignation here, which was not The San francisco Call The Twin Warships Wheeling and Marietta as They Slipped Into The ; r Element From the Ways at the Union Iron Works Yesteriay Morning. tempered by the information that the crew of the vessel escaped. The newspapers voice the opinion o'. . the public when they denounce the action of the warship as a crime against civiliza tion by the nations who claim to lead the i world in humanity. The bitterest denun ! ciation is heard on every band of all who j had to do with 'he sinking of the vessel. LONDON, Eng., March 18— The St. ! James Gazette asserts that the blockade j of the coasis of Crete by the warships o! | the powers will begin next Sunday morn ing, and that the foreign almy-als have I requested Greece to withdraw her war j ships from Cretan waters before that time, otherwise force would be employed to compel her to do so. TOULON, France, March 18.— The i French transport ship Auvergne, having on board troops, arms, stores, etc., des tined for Canea, Crete, is aground, and it has been necessary to land the men and stores in order to float her. ROME, Italy, March 18.— The Italian warship Eridano, with 600 troops on board, wili start for Crete to-morrow. SUXK A Ol.El X SCHOOLER. Austrian* Resented the ..Firing ; Upon 7h*ir Flag. ~'_ VIENNA, Avstria, .' March . 18.— The Government has. received vices that the Austrian gunboat Sebenico has sunk a Greek schooner with a C3rj:o of munitions of war and a number of Cretan insurgents on board. The Sebenico, under the orders of the British admiral commanding the British squadron in Cretan water-, was patroling off Cape Dia, Crete, when tbe schooner hoT« in sight. The schooner was hailed by the gunboat j auJ the insurgents on board in reply opened tire upon tbe Sebenico, whereupon the latter turned her guns on the schooner and sank her. The crew of the schooner swam ashore. None of tbe crew was in jured. LONDON, Eng., March 18.- A dispatch from Rome, which the Daily News will publish to-morrow, states that Greece will protest against tbe firing upon and sink ing of the schooner. Phe will claim that the action of the Austrian warship wa3 arbitrary, the place where she sank the schooner not being di rectly under tbe protection of the powers, and will also protest that the warship was not warranted in firing upon the vessel, as there was no blockade established at the time. Tbe dispatch adds that the incident Is regarded in Rome as being significant, in asmucn as it is consider d proof that the concert of the powers is perfect. This bad the effect of causing a rise in prices at tlie bourse. It is reported that the insurgents refuse to accept autonomy nnd demand that Crete be annexed by Greece. OANEA, Crete. March 18.— It is learned here that the schooner sur.k by the Aus trian warship Sebenico was landing stores when she was approached by the warship. The latter sent boats to intercept the schooner's boats and forbid them to ap proach nearer to the shore. There were a large number of insurgents about the place where the schooner intended to land her cargo, and when they: saw the boats from the warship they divined what their intention was and poured a lively fusil lade in their direction with rifles and can non. The boats, however, were out of range SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 19, 1897. of the euns on shore and no one was hurt. Accounts differ as to whether the schooner tired or not, but a majority of them con cur in stating that she did. At any rate the S» betiico quickly trained her guns on the insurgents ashore and very quickly silenced their fire. At the same time other of her guns were fired at the schooner, which sank shortly there after. The Austrians are tilled with the great est resentment at what they term the in solence ol the Greeks in daring to fire upon the Austrian flag. Four more of the crew of the Russian turret-ship Sisoi Veliky, who were injured by the explosion of one of the great guns of the .ship near Suda Bay on Monday, have succumbed to their Injuries. This makes the total number of deaths thus far caused by the explosion twenty-five. The British warship Barileur has sailed hence for Kissamo, some twenty - five miles to the westward. It is supposed that she has been ordered there for the purpose of embarking the Turkish garri son, numbering 300 men, who have been besieged by the insurgents for several days. It is stated that the Turkish posi tion at Ki-fsamo is surrounded by ' 2000 rebels. XOKMAK AT IHE TROUT. Saw llif Greek* Arm trilling to Die for Their Country. LONDON, Eng., March 18.— The Chron icle will to-morrow state that is special commissioner, Henry Norman, has re turned to Athens from Thessaly. He re cords that the Greek officers in command of the troops on the lrontier are calmly determined, They bave no optimistic illusions re paidine the Turkish forces which may ot any moment be pitted against them. They fully realize that if it comes to war the forces of Crete may suffvr defeat. They do not display the slightest sign of | bravado, but are prepared to sacrifice their lives at the behest of their country. Hitherto, Norman says , the feeling of the Greeks toward the powers has been that of surpri.se and pain that they should attempt to defeat the aspirations of Greece, but is now one of bitter resent ment and anger. He advises the German cruiser Kaiserin Augusta to avoid the vicinity 01 the Greek fleet in the ev^nt of hostilities occurring, which, he says, a blockade of tbe Greek ports will certainly precipitate. A Turkish torpedo-boat and a torpedo bnnt de«troyer, which are believ d to be officered by Germans, are off one of the northern islands of Greece. A Greek fleet is watching them, and if events warrant their capture the German officers will re ceive short shrift. Mr. Norman asserts that the Greek and Turkish armies on the frontier are nearly equal in numbers. The Greeks bave a slight advantage in infantry, but the Turks have a material advantage in artillery, though they are iacking in horses. Some of their guns are drawn by oxen. The Athens correspondent of the Tele graph says that t tie blockade of Crete began yesterday. All the torpedo boats attached to the fleet are watched. The Greeks are clever blocfcade runners, and it is possible that they will continue to land provisions, etc., especially in rough weather. Telegraph offices at Retimo and Candia refuse to accept cipher messages from the Greek Consuls for transmission. CANEA, Crete, March 18. — Sharp lighting occurred yesterday and to-day between the Turks and insurgents outside of Retimo. Yesterday five men were killed and eleven wounded and to-day five men were killed. n ATI It FACE* } *j'X GOIIIATHB, and* Grand Old Man} Speak* of Greece and the fouler*. LONDON, Esq., March 18.— Under • the title "The Eastern Crisis" a sixteen-page pamphlet by Mr. Gladstone will be issued to-morrow. The pamp ; let is -in the form ; of a letter from Mr. Gladstone, addressed ' to the Duke of Westminster, in wuich the ex-Premier proceeds to say: ; *; ri : , "Events in crowds have been occurring in the east at short intervals for the past two years of such a nature as to stir our common humanity to its innermost re cesses and to lodge an appeal from official to ■ personal confidence. Until the most recent days these transaction's have seemed to awaken no echo sate yi^ England, but now light has flatbed Vj-ou /i^ettern E rope;- ■■'; aVi d%an j ««%y t con;-. v ices, t?*9 5 1 ha t nations as ■ well as cabinets are concerned has taken a strong hold upon the public mind. Later massacres in Armenia have occurred upon a scale of intensity and' in adveisity of their wickedness beyond all modern if not all historical experience. All this has been done under tho eyes of the six great powers, who are represented at tlie Porte by Embas«adors, and through their feeble verbiage a sufficient counter poise to instruments of death, shame and torture, provided that in framing it they all chimed in wUhone another." The letter then eoes on to review the Eastern question since 1876. Mr. Glad done rccails tne fact that bis Ministry in 1880 organ 17-pd a European concert to pro cure the fulfillment of the treaty of 1878 in regard to Montenegro and Greece. The forces of mural support had been ex hausted and a rquadron of warships of the six powers had been assembled on the Montenegrin or Alsatian coast. It was sodn found that several rowers in "a con cert of Europe" meant toy demonstra tions which were not intended to pass for reality. "ftVe did not waste any time to galvan ize the corpse into life," Mr. Gladstone continued, "but framed a plan lor the seizure of an important port of the Sul tan's dominions. We found as our prin cipal support the wise and brave Alexan der II who then reigned in Russia. The effect was perfect. There was no war in Europe, though this bugbear would ' doubtless have been used had our pro ceedings passed beyond privacy. Our plan became known to tne Sultan, and without a single difficulty Montenegro obtained considerable extension and Thes saly was added to Greece later. It was time to speak with freedom. At this mo ment two great states with a European population of 150,000,000 are under the government of two young men, each bear ing the title of Emperor, but who in one case is wholly without knowledge and ex per.ence, in truth limited enough as to have excited much astonishment and some consternation when an inkling of them has been g yen to the world. In tne concert of the powers these powers fight steadily against freedom, but why is our Government pinned to their aprons?" Mr. Gladstone then reviews the history oi Greece and Crete and says: "We have before us a David facing six Golinths." He argues that Ottoman rule in Crete is a thing of yesterday, but Crete was a part of Greece and Cretan people were part Greek people 3000 years ago. "Nor have their moral and human ties ever broken or relaxed," he said, "and years and cen turies will come when this bad dream of Ottoman dominion has passed from Europe that the union will still subsist. "Greece by her bold action," Mr. Glad stone continues, "has conferred a great service upon PJurope. She has made it impossible to palt?r over this question as we paltered in Armenia. The unions of the nations are in various stages of their training, but I do not believe it is the European people whose judgment will tolerate the punishment of Greece for good deeds she recently performed. Cer tainly it would not be the French, who so largely contribute to the kingdom, nor will it be Italians, who are so mindful of what their fathers have undergone, and least of all the English, who, if the road were open to them by the dissolution of Parliament, would show how they are minded by turning up a Parliament wuich upon this question would speak with unanimity." AHIiIEH BI COMXOMSRS. British Stntentnen S«ek Information K'intitKi to the Blockade. LONDON, Exg., March 18.— In the House of Commons to-day Sir Charles Dilke, Liberal, asKed whether a blockade of the ports of Crete had been declared by the powers, and whether Germany had declined to employ her forces in the in terior of the island. John Morley, Liberal, asked whether Greece had been invited to accede to the terms of the identical note of the powers before the blockade of the ports of Crete was instituted. A. J. Balfour, First Lori of the Treas ury, reported that the British Minister at Athens, E. H. Egretan, had been notified to notify the Government of Greece that a blockade of Cretan ports would be insti tuted. In reply to Sir Charles Dilke's other question, Balfour said he had no informa tion that Germnay had declined to send troops to Crete. Germany thoroughly agreed with the policy of the powers. Mr. Morley asked if this technical noti fication was what M. Meline, the French Premier, referred to in his recent speech in the French Chamber of Deputies. Mr. Balfour said: "I don't know. I must say it is not satisfactory to answer questions put by gentlemen who embar rass the Government as much as they can by questions inside and speeches out side of the Honse." [Loud cheering by Conservatives.] Sir William Harcourt, amid Liberal cheers, protested against Mr. Balfour's THE BLOCKADE OF THE PORTS OF ATHENS, One squadron stationed off Cape Themistocles can cover both the Pirajus and Phalerum, shutting off Athens effectually from the sea, except by a roundabout way to otner poiuis on tue coast. censuring the opposition member", wh6 sought legitimate information. He then proceeded to say : "Lord Salisbury referred to Premier Meiine's speech, and we must have an answer thereto. That reference -made in tne House of Lords contains the only in formation that has been given to the House or to the country. [Cheers.] I again asked M. Meiine, and he stated that Greece would be invited to accede to the terms of the note ol the powers, and that the ports of Crete would not be blockaded nor the number of European troops in the island increased until Greece had been a&ain notified whether that had been done." [L beral cheers and great excite ment in the House]. GREEKS BVUXIt TO FIGHT. Xothing but a Bombardment Can Cheek the Hnrlike Spirit. NEW YORK, N. V, March 19.— A spe cial cable dispatch to the Sun from Lon don says: Greek advices are to the effect that the war is considered inevitable and it will be welcomed Dy the entire nation. T c impression evon in Western Eu rope is that nothing abort of a great nival demonstration and the fhreat- eiicU bombaraiuont of some important Greek town will prevent an outbreak of hostilities against Turkey. It is diffi cult to believe that the British Govern ment in any event will participate in or sanction such an extreme measure. Prince Henry Mini Hul*' : Crete. PARI&. France, March 18.— The Echo de Pans publishes a rumor that the Governorship of Crete will be offered to Prince Henry of Orleans, who is now in Abyssinia at the head of au exploring expedition. ovsutz was ricioHioua. The Cuban Grn>r >l Bteett a Spanish Fore* ond Urfeat* It. NEW YOEK, N. V., March 18.— A Sun dispatch from Havana says a big battle has been fought at Savanna, near Sancti Spiritu?, between the forces of General Gomez and a Spanish column 2000 strong. The Spanish official report of the battle gives no details, but the report is current that the Spaniards suffered a terrible de feat. The news has created a great sen sation. In Havana it is admitted that the expe dition of General Roloff landed in Pinar del Rio wiih 8000 puns and ammunition and then the -lonicr started lor some other port on the inland. Scott to He Heleatrd. HAVANA, Cuba, March 18.— The Su preme Court has dismissed tbe case of Charles Bcott, the American, who was ar rested recently on the charge of having Cuban postage stamps in his possession. It is expected that he will be raleased to morrow. PRICE FIVE CENTS. WARSHIPS SLIP INTO THE SEA Successful Launching of the Wheeling and Marietta. GREAT CROWDS CHEER THE EVENT. The Vessels on Urikincj the Water Come Together With Slight Damage. TWO LADIES CHEISTEN THE WARRIORS. The Union Iron Works Entertain the Christening Party Daring the Day. Two more fighting ships dropped from the land into the sea yesterday morning, there to become members of the white squadron ana to stand for the honor of America and Americans. The launching of the gunboats Wheel ing and Marietta took place from the slips of the Union Iron Works on the minuta for which it had been arranged. Every detail of the plans carried perfectly, ex cept that when the big boats struck the water they came together for no reason that the managers could explain or un derstand except that they were disposed to be neighborly. The result was almost disastrous, but, fortunately, passed with, only an ugly scratching of the new paint and the breaking of the davits on tne Marietta. The Wheeling — her stem caught on the stern of her sister ship rolled over on her side, causing a slight panic among the party on board and cries of alarm from tho:-e on shore. However, as the boats parted the Wheeling righted in fine style, but carrying a scar to marlc the meeting-place. A great crowd gathered to witness the inspiring spectacle. It. fo:med a heavy fringe about the slips in the yards of the Union Iron Works, covered trie ships that were docked there, as well as every point and pinnacle about the place. It formed the favored group that held tick ets ot admission from the Union Iron Work 3. Along the shore beyond the high fence of the shipyard s'. retched the line of the uninvited, a much greater crowd, who had really a boner if a little more distant view. For tliey were in position from the Potrero road to watch tne sliips at broad side leap from their place on the stays down the smooth patn prepared for them into the sea. Then there were those who came by water. The bay was fairly crowded with craft of every design, from the big side wheeler down through all the variations of tugs, yachts and -mall sailing vessels to the single scull. The larger craft were crowded with men and women, and all of them had their flags flying, and some were otherwise decorated. The water in front of the ships where the two boats stood up on tbe ways ready for the plunge was pa trolled by a tag and kept clear of tha eager crowd of sight-seeing craft Presently the tug Sea King made its way through the crowd and ran directly up to the slip. It was evidently a pri leged cnaracter. As it tied up a pany of ladies and gentlemen climbed ashore. It was the christening party, led by Miss Lucle S. Brown of Wheeling and Mrs. H. Clifford More of Naples, this State, former ly of Marietta, and who was to represent her native city for the occasion. They made their way directly to the stand raised for the ceremony at tl:e nose of the respect ive boats and where they were to break the