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TO EUROPE BY TROLLEY In Thk Call of July 19, 1896. appeared an article describing a submarine tube to be used as a means of communication be tween places separated by bodies of w.iter, the manner ot operation being to force a carriage through the tube by air pressure. Considerable interest was awakened by the proposition and its merits were widely dis cussed, the opinion of competent engi neers being that while the scheme was not wholly impracticable, yet the difficulties to be encountered were of too great magni tude to warrant the construction of s-uch a viaduct at the present time; the necessi ties of transportation not being now be yond the ability ol modern sariace carriage to supply. Modern genius is, however, never satis fied with existing appliances, and it is con tinually inventing and devising new ways and methods, with appropriate machi nery, to accomplish in less time and at less cost and hazard what is now being done with present appurtenances. Certainly there would seem to be abundant room for improvement in the matter of marine transportation. For the high class traveler, the cabin passenger, able and willing to pay a couple of hundred dollars for his passage across the Atlantic, there is little more to be uesired in the accom modations furnished him on the best of the huge "greyhounds of the sea." But for the one who does not possess the plethoric pocketbook of his more fortunate fellow, and so is compelled to take passage in the steerage, there is yet a great deal to be sighed for. But the passenger traffic, while large, is only a small portion of the traffic which passes and repasscs on the seas and oceans. The desires of man compel the services of im mrnse flotillas to supply his wants. The interchange of commodities which make up what is called commerce is a part and parcel of civilization, and that it will in crease is patent to all. The land side of commerce traffic is fairly well to do. Celerity, certainty and safety are now ad mirably combined in the railroad trans portation ot to-day : but in marine trans portation the man h of improvement has not proceeded with Kjual speed. This is measurably due to the fact that carriage by water is confined to the surface of the water, where it has to continnally contend with adverse winds and currents, to say nothing of waves which, forming an un equal and ever-changing surface, add very greatly to the resistance to be over come by the vessel. It is also menaced at all times by delay and wreckage resulting from stormy and unfavorable weather. Steam is gradually substituting the sail on the main routes of ocean travel, but for very many years the Hailing vessel will maintain her place over those routes less freqrented and will continue to make her services appreciated in all cases where celerity is not a factor. There is one feature of ocean travel which is common to both sail and steam vessels, a feature which in the case of many people amounts to prohibition against seagoing. It is the motion of the vessel. Large as may be buiided the ] colossal passenger steamer, there are I waves in plenty to toss her to and fro, : liner, thither, with as great ease as it she were the smallest of the fleet. The Great Eastern, the largest vessel ever bnilt, so large, in fact, that she had to be broken up because her immense size ren dered her unwieldy, was pitclied and THE SAX FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, APRIL 11, 1897. tossed so terribly that her passengers on one eventful trip were unable to stand upon their feet, and a Cow was thrown bodily through the skylight of the main cabin into a group of wretched passengers who were clinging to each other lor sup port against the awful wrenching, toeing motion. The effect of wave motion does not ex tend to very great depth. The extreme height of the waves of the ocean at a dis tance from land sufficiently great to be freed from any influence of it upon their culmination is about twenty feet. Such waves may be a quarter of a mile between crests, but their influence does not reach very deep. The water is practically un disturbed at a depth ot fifty feet. Even the ocean currents, which are everywhere found, are mostly at the surface; some ex :end to depths of a thousand feet in narrow channels like mat of the entrance to the Mediterranean and the channel of Mozambique, but the depths of the ocean are always at rest. It is now proposed to avoid the draw backs and di comforts of ocean travel on the surface and heieafter use the strata of water betow all disturbance of wind and wave as the new route. A modern genius offers a plan utilizing the trolley to ac complish the navigation of submarine depths. His plan is a simple one, and when the engineering works that the last tew years have witnessed are considered the scheme here described does not ap pear impracticable. The plan embraces the stretching of a I continuous trolley condnit across the ocean. The line is not exactly a "line," but is a sp.it tube of bronze or other metal not oxidized by sea via er, made continu ous by its sections being hinged in such manner as to form an uninterrupted tube, one side of which is open for the traverse of the vessel's trolley. This tube is to be held in position by nnchors. placed at proper distances, and -it la held in suspen i sion at the proper depth by metal floats attached to the anchor chains. Perhaps a better idea will be had by reference to the accompanying drawing. Of course it may appear at first thought that the mag nitude of such an enterprise would be fatal to its accomplishment, but nowadays the size of the job does not deter modern engineering from attempting it. The ves sels engaged in transportation will be buiit like hu<:e cigar-shaped spindles, so as to make higu speed. They wil SOME EARLY REMINISCENCES OF ADOLPH SUTRO Nearly a quarter of a century ago, when I first met ex- Mayor Adolpii Suiro, he looked very mucli like the picture that is reproduced herewith. The other day when this engraving was «hown him he said to me: "Yes — yes; to be sure. I re membar that picture very well. It was put on a lot of Butro*tunnel bonds thtt were never issued. Some of my friend* said it was intended as my portrait as I looked in my working clothes with a pick in my hands breaking ground for begin ning the Sutro tunnel. Really, i never felt very much flattered by tbe picture. I thought it made me look too bald, and 1 imagined I was rather better looking. Didn't you?" Of course I could not refuse to acquiesce in that opinion, for as a matter of fact Mr. Sutro was quite dashins in appear ance at the time lie was in the flush of hii power, pushing work on the famous Sutro tunnel, on the Conmock lode, editing the Virginia City l>.ulv Independent, and running for tbe United States Senate at Carson, in opposition to William Sharon first and afterward to John P. Jonev At tbe same period he was traveling; through tbe State of Nevada with a magic lantern, giving illustrated lectures on tbe doings ol the big mining company manip ulators. Journalism leemed to bare had a genu ine fascination for Mr. Sutro at the time be was conducting the Daily Independent. He took a lively interest in every part of tbe paper, ana had a high appreciation of tbe importance of the local news col umns. As may naturally be supposed, be assumed personal supervision of tbe edi torial columns, that did not deal so much with expietives as with lopic.il arguments and wily Insinuations against the rule of William Sharon, the then acknowledged king of the Comstock, with a sway more absolute than was ever wielded by the late Frank McManus in the Potrero, and against Mackey and Fair, who were be ginning to make themselves felt in politi be propelled by electricity and it is thougnt will be able to achieve at least fiuy miles per hour, so that the trip across the Atlantic may be made in sixty hours. Recent discoveries in the rehabili tation of the oxygen in air that has be*»n vitiated by breathing removes all diffi culty in the providing of pure air for tue use of the occupants of the vessel. On the under side of the trolley tube will be ( a submarine electric cable provided at designated points with attachment de vices, so that, if necessary, a vessel u=ing the trolley will be able at any of these points to establish electrical telegraphic communication with tne shore. It is not contemplated to use the trolley tube as an electric force conductor to carry a cur rent for the use of vessels. Each vessel will be in itself independent, being equipped with a new and improved form of storage battery. By means of adjust able tanks the vessel will be so balanced as to have a slight excess of buoyancy, so that if by any means connection with the trolley tube should be broken the vessel will rIM to the surface and would then complete her voyape at the srrface. Between the United States and England the bottom of the ocean is of very even surface. So level is it that it has received the name of the "telegraphic plateau." It is most admirably adapted to a mode of service such as is here outlined. The first (ew trips of the submarine ves sels may not De successful from a linancial point of Tiew. People are timid and will hesitate. Ail the dangers, real aud im aginary, will be greatly exaggerated at first, but as the operation is continued the traveling public will soon learn to preler the swift, smooth trip through the haunts of the wonderful denizens of the vasty deep to the body and sou 1 , racking torture of a siorm- tossed journey al the surface. F. M. Close, D.Sc. " There Is a Peace That Gometh After SorroW." "There is a peace that cometh after sorrow," Of hope surrendered, not of hope iuifiiled; A ] race that looketh not upon to-morrow, iiut calmly ou a tempest that is stilled. A peace which lives not now in joy's excesses, Nor in the hnppy life of love secure; But In the unerring strength tiie ntart pos sesses Of conflicts won while learning to endure. A peace there is, in sacrifice secluded; A life subdued, from will and pussion free; "Tis not the peace which over Kden brooded, But that which triumphed in Gethsemsne. — Jessie Rose Gates in the April Century. A Painful Meeting. A dramatic story was told at the Ham ilton College alumni dinner in New York the other evening. General Schuyler Hamilton gave some interesting incidents irom the life of his grandlather and de scribed a raeeuii,' between Aaron Burr and Mrs. Hamilton, daughter-in-law of Alexander Hamilton and the mother of tiie speaker, in 18.'S0. "As Colonel Burr entered the room," he said, "my mother, in extreme agitation, seemed about to faint. Colonel Burr, noticing this, but not know ing her, immediately went to the s.de board, poured out a glass of water and advanced to hand it to her. It was all done most naturally, graceiully and courteously. My mother shook her head and murmured: '1 am the daughter of Alexander Hamilton.' Without a word, Colonel Burr placed the gl«s* of water on the sideboard, bowed in silence to the Misses Nathan and quietly retired. It was to him, as to my mother, evidently a very painful meeting. Colonel Burr deported himself like a dignified gentle man. 1 was a little boy about 8 year- oid. Then I learned for the first time to impress the fact upon my memory that Colonel Burr had killed my grand ,'ather." — New York Letter. The elephant is a wise beast, but there are some who will areue that he has a dt praved ta»te. He la lond of gin, it is said, but will not touch champagne. cal matters as well as in mining manipu lation*. Recent years have developed in Mr. Sutro an aptitude for superlatives that be avoided wnile he graced the editorial tri pod in Virginia City. He purposely escaewed that style of wild and woolly Western journalism that has been mtide familiar to the world through the lucu brations of the Arizona Kicker and tbe Nevada Self-Locker. A favorite form of attack on the big corporations that were attempting to throttle the Suiro tunnel was to keep he tore the people a realization of the com bination that had been made for the absorption of every item of protit that could possibly accrue from the operation of the great Comutock mines. Accord ingly Mr. Sutro's paper frequently pub lished extracts from the test ran.iy of James C. Flood in the suit of George W. ! Kinney against the Consolidated Virginia j Mining Company, Flood. Mackay, Fair, | O'Brien, Solomon Heydenfeldt ana others. Here is a saair>le: Question— At what mill has the ore of the Consolidated Virginia mine been crushed within the past year ? Answer— At the mills of the Pacific Mill and Mining Company. Q.— Who are the owners of the Pacific Mill and Mining Company? A.— lt is an incorpora tion; Muckay, Fair, Flood and O'Brien are the principal stockholders. Q. — Where does the company procure wood for the purposes of its mine? a. -Sometimes from the Pacific Wood, Lumber and Flume Company, and sometimes from Yerington &Co. Q.— Who are the owners of the Pacific Wood, Lumber and Flume Company? A. — It is an incorporation; Mackay, Fair, Flood and O'Brien are the principal stockholder*. Q.— From what source does the company procure water? A.— From the Virginia and Gold Hill Water Company. Q —Who are the owners of the Virginia and Gold Hill Water ComuanyT A.— lt is an incor poration. Th« principal stockholders are W. S. llobart, John Skae, Mackay, Fair, Flood, O'Brien and others. I forget the others. Q.— Who are the trdsteei of the Pacific Mill ALRED PARSONS, A.R.A. No artistic event in the last ten years has giyen rise to as much discussion in London as the recent academy election, by which John Sargent was chosen for the full honors and Alfred Parsons and J. J. Shannon for associate membership. All three are practically Americans, that is to say, ihey are, in the English acceptation of the term. 1 here should be a word in the lan guage to express that a man was not born in the country to which he owes his alle giance, either by the right of descent, by the accident of birth, or by choice after arriving at manhood. An artist is, as a rule, a man who has become a citizen of the world — who is at home in Tunis or Japan, in London or Rome, on a Califor nia ranch or in a Dutch village. The days when an artiat was supposed to live on air, and as little as possible of that, to be distinguished chiefly by a colossal igno rance of any subject but his own and a superb superiority to such trivial matters as his appearance, his food and his debts, this golden age of simplicity has left not a trace behind. Any eccentricity of any kind is avoided with a care that becomes almost as absurd as the ancient desire to mark the professional by his long, un- ALFRED PARSONS, A. R. A. Kempt hair, his wildly rolling eye?, his re markable clothes and 1m complete self absorption. The three new members of the academy are natives of Cosmopilis, for Sargent was born in Florence, the son of a Boston puysician, and was educated partly in America, but principally abroad; Shan non, of Irish descent, was born and lived in America until his fifteenth year, and Parsons was born in Somersetshire, in Alerrie England, but curiously enough he aione of the three lived in America, -was educated tnere, and only returned to Kurope to study after he had reached the a^e of 21. English artists speak of the election with a mixture of admiration, cordiality and regret that is not guiltiest of a fine and somewhat horror-struck con sciousness of their own generosity. "Weil." said a Scotchman in a recent rather heated discussion, "we did it; we are a marvel of the highest sense of jus tice. We do r.ot care whether a man be a native of China or the Sandwich Islands ; and Mining Company? A. — Tne trnstees are bfacKay, Fair, Flood, O'Brien and Wallace. Q. — Who are the trustees ©f the Pacific Wood, Lumber and Flume Company? A. — Mackay', Fair, Flood. O'Brien and Follis. Q. — Who are the trustees of the Virginia and God Hill Water Company? A.— Flood, O'Brien, Mackay, Fair, Hobart, Skae and Wells. Q— Is tiiere any other corporation from which the company draws supplies of any character of which Flood, Mackny, Fair and O'krien are not the irusttes an<s principal stockholders ? A.— l don't know of any. Q.— ls the California company's ore aiso re duced iv the mill ol ;lie Pacific Mill and Min ing company ? Do they procure their timber also from the Pac.fie Wood, Lumber and Flume Company, and is ideir water supplied from tbe Virginia and Gold Hill Water Company ? A.— Yes. One day John I. Ginn, who was nun- ! aging editor of the Ind- pendent, invited : me to drive witii him from Virginia Uity I to the town of Sutro, as it was neiesary ! for him to consult with Mr. Sutro on a question ol importanci concerning next i moning's i«sne of the paper. After the most urgent mission bad been disposed of Mr. Sutro wheeled around in his chair and exclaimed: "Ginn. d:d you ever see a played-out, broken-down mining-camp?" Mr. Ginn said that he had visited sev eral of hose scenes of disaster. "Well," continued Mr. Sutro, "that's the kind of a place these big mine-owners are going to make out of tbe Comstock lode. T:.ey are just gouging out the heart of the ore, instead of mining scientifically, and the camp is bound to suffer. I would like to have you assume the cbarcter of a prophet and write a description of bow tbe Comstock will look twenty-five years hence." Mr. Ginn did so. He pretended to give a vision of t lie great mining district a quarter of a century from that time. He said ibat nothing could stop the woeful waste of opportunities then going on, and in view of tbis fact represented the bo nanzas and ore bodies exhausted, the thunders of the stampmills silenced for if he be a gentleman and an artist, he is voted for. I have been prond of my vote ever since. I forgot that they were not subjects of the Queen, but I have felt up lifted, noble, above reproach, ever since I have discovered that we have been a gen erous example to the world. It makes a man fesl like a monument." There are a few voices, however, which are hardly allowed to be heard and they murmur: "What about the protection to home industry! Here we are, hundreds strong, knocking at the big cates. They open up but once a year, and only three men can enter; can you blame us if we think it rather bard that the strangers in the land have the preference and we must wait the next opportunity I" As a whole, however, the election was received with acclamation, the sincerest delight. The models who wait in the conrtyard to bring the news :o the fortu nate had a hard fight to earn their guinea. The model who brings the news has, from time immemorial, had that special claim, and it is to be presumed that neither Mr. Parsons nor Mr. Shannon was less gen eral than his British conlreres. Alfred Parsons lives in a little street on Campden Hill, lice a country lane, in a little square, squat, pray house, with a bit of pardon, gay at present with spring flower*. Tee trees are just touched with a mist of green, but the wild plum, with its little sharp distinct branches ami its wave of brilliant blossom--, looks as though It had posed for Mr. Parsons or for the Japanese artists ne a-lmi.-es so genuine ly and frequently reminds me of. The pray stone pathway ltading to the bouse is full of delicate leaves, and a straigut row ol daffodils leads to the very door. The studio is behind the house and is reached by a long wooden passage, on the walls ol which there is a running frieze of sketches that just refuse to present themselves in an accommodating spirit. They all lend to Rome, or to Mr. Parsons' studio, where a fire burns in the big, open grate, and where there is much licht and a juggc tion of bright things — poii^hed woods and bronzes, light frames and water colors and flowers everywhere. Everything is ciean, clear in color and rather delicate, as the ever, owis roosting in the Con. Virginia hoisting- works, C street filled with coyotes and wild goats ai:d the International Ho tel, the Sawdust Corner and the Delta sa loon turned over to the use of rattiesn&ks and rats. That prognostication created a sensation, and there was talk of lynching the author, for it was not generally be lieved that »nch a condition of affairs could possibly come to pass. The last time I visited Virginia City Mr. Ginu's vision was gr.mly recalled to ray memory. The buildings represented in the ac companying engraving were planned for the use of the tunnel company, but more unpretentious structures w?ra provided, with the excep'ion of the superintendent's residence that si ill stands on the sloping hillside, commani'.ii'ir - view of the town of Sutro and Carson River Valley to the southward. Popularity diJ not at that time seem io be the goal of Mr. Sutro's ambition, and he got rather more than his share of news paper abuse, yet nis lectures were always well attended and hisopponentsconfessed that hi* campaigns cost them more money than they cared :o lose. In a recen- conTersation Mr. Sutro ex pressed gratification at having laid down the cares and burdens of public office, which he thought did not yield sufficient compensation In the way of benefiting the community to tempt thoughtful citi zens from the comforts of private life. Speaking of the condition of his invert men is in San Francisco realty Mr. Sutro said: "1 have to thank D?nis Kearney for the greater part of the acres I own on this p-ninsula. You see, I was just telling out my interests in Nevada and particularly in the Sutro-iunnel enterprise, when Denis Kearney began his crusade that knocked the values out of real estate in this City. I was looking around for a chance to ?>lace my available capital to advantage and mad • up my mind that my best chance was in the sand dunes of San surroundings are of a rather fastidious taste. • -,". ■ Tnis big room leads into another, seems practically out of doors, the ligh'. seems to flood the place, it is everywhere. - Evidently in real life as in his work Mr. Parsons lias no use for the, dark— no mystery. of the "dim religious light" ap peals to him. Personally, as he stands in his own studio, he seems entirely in th* right. He is yin light colored clothes, although it is very early spring; his hair, wbtn it is not prematurely silver, is blonde; his eyes, of grayish blue, have an expression of whimsical gayety, and with the sunburned, hard freshness of his com plexion, lie has that look of unquenchable youth that so frequently accompanies a man who spends most of the" time in the open air, till the end of his days. Mr. Parsons' work is as well known at home as abroad ; wno has not seen tho~e exquisite drawings that illustrate, with Edwin Abbey's, Hernck's # and the Old English Ballads, She Stoops to Conquer, and many others? A Harper's Monthly without a Parsons drawing has been a rare number for the last ten years, or longer. And during that time Mr. Parsons has been frequently in America, in New York, in the Carolines, in Southern California, in San Francisco on his way to and from Japan. l-_-X' His sketchbooks are characteristic— full of exquisite drawings, as careful as those of a botanist, 01 any strange flower, leaf, Btirnb or tree that came under his notice. Impressionism never drew Mr. Parsons into the vortex; he never splashed in paint, simply for tue fun of dashing it about, like an unruly boy in the surf. Its dangers and its pleasures had no fascina tion lor him — clear, honest, finely drawn sketches done lor the sharp characterisa tion of the object under his immediate at tention. A Cherokee rose, with its beau tiful buds turning back to the stem; an orchid cr a meadow daisy, drawn as a Japanese artist would do them, freely, sharply and with grace. In landscape he has no equals in his own field — not, it must be confessed, a very wide one. The one painted years ago and bought by the terms of the Cbantrey bequest. "When Nature Painted Ail Things Gay," is painted with an exuber ance, an enjoyment, a richness of color that acts upon the observer lika a burst of sunlight. It is music out of doors, and for once Mr. Parsons uses the whole key board. No meager illustration can doit justice, for it is full of the very odor and exhilarations of spring. It has not the depth of a Courbet, but far more spon taneous feeling lor the crisp, sharp cbange of light on blossoms and tree.' and sheep and water and the earth that flies an em erald nag, and is brilliant with trans parent shadows that drop from the shin ing clouds over the trees— that are bouquets of bloom— to the earth, that La at once tight and solid. The work of later years has been all played "in the treble," so to speak, and the landscapes in oil have been a little thin, a little like water colors, while the water coiori have had the solidity usually connected with oils. The water colors strike a finer and truer note; their occasional hardness oniy accentuates their tirmness, their delicate and finished brilliance. The calm and the patience that Mr. Parjons puts into thrse little landscapes. They are hardly more than a foot square, but you f _*el almost as though <ach rlawer had made a particular appeal for special attention, and yet they are neither minute nor do they Jo^e their concentrated flash and Dime of color at a distance. . Mr. Parsons has sketches of the swnnips of the South, and of the alfalfa in Santa Barbara, ablaz? on the hills; Japanese vegetable gardens and loius fields; but he i« only really ai home in a corner of an Emiish garden, where there is perhaps a decrepit fountain, green with age, with a bit of siivei water and every variety of young "flowerhood" pushing iorwurd to catch his delighted attention. Van Dyck Brown. London, March 24. 181*7. Francisco. I put in all the money I could raise and waiied for the reaction. It lookod a littie gloomy for a while, Dut at last it came out all right. "It was very gratifying to me, you may be sr.re, to find that my judgment in re gard to the investment was not at fault. Of course the possession of the substantial proo! of my forethought did not diminish my satisfaction, bat I think my greatest pleasure was derived from th? realisation of the fact that 1 was not lacking in busi ness sagacity in this venture. Then I had the additional pleasure of witnessing the growth and development of this beautiful city." Mr. Sutro for a moment fell into a medi tative mood, but be aroused himself and with an eloquent motion of the hand in dealing the wide sweep of the bay added : "But what I have done is nothing to what may b9 accomplished by others who are buying real estate in San Francisco. "Just look at that h..rbor — the most magnificent on the lace of tbe globe! Just look at the generous site whicb this peninsula affords for the accommodation of a great city — :he most picturesque nnder the sun. "Just think of the climatic conditions and all the varie i advantagee offered to the people of this City, and you must agree with me that the future of San Francisco must inevitably bs greater and grander than any dwellers by the Golden Gate iiare yet dared to dream. Tbe advancement in twenty years it startling, but it is nothing to * hat the future holds in store."' In that word "future" there seemed to be a tinge of regret for tho venerable financier, for though by the »ye of pre science he was able to Dierce the veil of time and in imagination view the grand eurß of a city that will arise on the ruins of our best at present, yet in the natural course of events he could not expect to witness in the flesh the accomplishment of those promised marvels. Wells Deobt.