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VOLUME LXXXI.-NO. 145.
GREEKS TURN THE TABLES IN THESSALY Troops of the Sultan Said to Be Destitute and Demoralized. KING GEORGE'S FORCES NOW HOLD THEIR OWN. Decided Check of the Onward March of the Invading Moslem Hordes Followed by a General Changing of Turkish Commanders. That something of importance has occurred on the Thessalian frontier to check the advance of the Moslems upon Larissa is noted by the recall of Edhem Pasha, commander-in-chief ,of the Turkish forces. Osman Pasha has been ordered to succeed Edhem. Changes are also reported among Turkish generals in Epirus. Now the general political situation promises to attract more atten tion than the actual military operations. Emperor William's recent visit to Vienna is followed by a willingness on the part of Francis Joseph to drop Italy from the triple alliance, if Russia is substituted. Official reports relate the gallant defense of the bridge over the river Arta by the Greek troops, who on the 20th inst. defeated the ! attacking Turkish forces, killed their commander and scattered them over the plain beyond the river. Greeks are also holding their own in Thessaly. From Constantinople comes the news that the Turkish fleet has returned there. The vessels were unseaworthy and the commanders ■ were afraid to take any chances. Quite different are the reports con- i cerning the Greek Western squadron. These modern warships are j bombarding towns along the western Albanian coast, and soon a bom- i bardment of Salonica is expected. THEIR ADVANCE CHECKED. Turks Have Not Yet Reached Lar- Issa and May Not Arrive There at A!!. fCopyrljrbted 1897, By the New York Sun.] LONDON, Esq., April 23.— The advance of the Turks on Larissa has undoubtedly been partially checked, but no news has been received here which justifies or ex plains the lecall of £<lhem Pasha, the Turkish commander-in-cbief. The first report that Osman Pasha had superseded Edhem is not believed in London, for the latter's march into Thessaly was regarded ALEXANDER I, KING OF SERVIA, One ol the Monarchs Who Is Expected to Aid Greece in the War With Turkey. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL. at a triumphal one. Later accounts of J tfaa gloomy feeling id Constantinople nave created a belief that the Turks have suf fered reverses which hay* not been re ported to the outstde world. The general political situation is begin ning to attract more attention than tbe military operations. The activity of Em ! peror William and the efforts of Bulgaria '■ to put pressure on the Sultan are creatine ' uneasiness, but no serious fear is enter tained yet that the war will become gen | eral. London bases its confidence on I such trifles as Salisbury remaining at the SAN FRANCISCO, SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 24, 1897. ... The summit of Ml i * °". '' reached by two roads from Elassona. One climbs up from the west through Teharitchena, crosses the frontier at the very summit, then winds down on the east side around the aid. of Vide ualoun*. to L B ari» through th. footb.ll. to Turnavo and on to Laris B a. The other road, leaving Elassona in a northeasterly direction, fellows the course of the Eiassonitko River up to the ba-. of that ™ P :;*". ;s, o i? mJi m •.. I^^"«.^r^iionTh^s;" d " t ihe Bame time> aß9aaltin * in Iront by tbe main road - and in flank by the rM « <°"- " w -- -« °° ** «™»* «■ --l.th. In the "*ht foreground ! o n ','' c picture is a Greek battery striving to make the best of a bad position. ,In the distance to the left am tb. Turkish batteries on th. rid road. .In th. middle, along the highway, H.h^ d.«i*.^li7^ujr y " T " ' Cl ° re '" draW " bj •mm iT ° m ' BketCh Sis! i Ban Fr " cisCO Wh ° is ,h o ro» s b 1? familiar with the ground and has carefully followed all the pu^ Riviera and the steadiness of the markets. On the other band there are some dis turbing symptoms. It is clear ibe recent visit of Emperor William to Vienna is of the highest significance. It is practically admitted that be incited the Sultan to war, and the question now is whether he secretly desires it to spread. Bulgaria did not threaten the Sultan until Ferdinand, the ruler of that country, consulted Wil liam, and it is now presumed the latter is seeking to bring Austria and Russia into accord. It is reported in Vienna that Francis Joseph is willing to drop Italy from the Triple Alliance if Russia is substituted. THE FIGHT IN MILOUNA PASS. The latest Paris advices indicate that France is uecotning so restive on accoui.t of tba«e maneuvers that the Cabinet would be in great danger if the Chamber of Deputies were in session. It will proba bly be found that Salisbury will be ready to take full advantage of the latter situa tion the moment the relations of Franc? and Russia become strained. In the meantime the prospect is diminishing of a quick sweeping victory by the Turks over the Greeks. The Turkish navy has utterly collapsed as was expected it would do. Every day the Greek* can hold the enemy in check in Thessaly their chance of gaining their object increases. Still it is impossible to judge accurately of the situation on the frontier, but the dispatches from both sides indicate that the Greek fortures have improved distinctly. HOLDING THEIR OWN. Advices From Athens Show That the Greeks Have Dealt Severe Blows to the Turks. LONDON, Eire., April 23.— A dispatch to tne Cbroniclo from Athens states that the Greeks are holding iheir own in Thes saly. The Turks do not possess any Greek territory. Nothing can prevent the victorious Greek fleet from rencning Balonicaand Smyrna. Everything is go ing well financially. Subscriptions from Greeks abroad are pouring in and the value of paper money has risen materially. The dispatch adds the wounded troops from Gritzovali declare when the Greeks began to retreat from that place at night fall and several of their wounded were left behind the Turks shut these in a small church, which they then set afire. All were burned to death. Crown Princs Constantino telegraphed this evening: "The Turks are quiet to-day owing to our success- yesterday. We have destroyed the Turkish battery at Ligaria. The Turks have retired from Nezeros and Rapsani. I was in the firat line of fire yesterday." A dispatch to the Times from Kalam baka dated to-day says: "There was fight ing at midday yesterday at Ssproklisaia, westward of here, where the Greeks on Tuesday burned the Turkish blockhouse. The TurJts afterward made rifle pits. The engagement resulted in a Greek victory. The Turkish loss must have been consid erable, nine shells having bum in the rifle pits and several over them." The Daily News has a dispatch from Salon ica dated yesterday saying it is reported the Turkish forces have sustained severe reverses and have been repulsed all along the line. Their losses are said to have been heavy. Radically contradictory dispatches to the Times dated Milouna this morning aay the Turks continued yesterday and to day to advance through the plain of Larissa. The Greeks are avoiding a general engagement and are gradually retiring. Edhem Pasha, the correspond ent declared, was pursuing a cautious policy. The Athens correspondent of the Man chester Guardian oars King George will appeal soon to the Greeks throughout the world to assist the country with men and ' money. j The Chronicle has started a fund for tbe relief of the Greek wounded. A commit tee has been formed to administer the fund which includes Lady Dilke, Lady Henry Somerset, Mrs. Gladstone, Mrs. Asquithand Mrs. Labouehere. IN DESPERATE STRAITS. The Army In Thessaly Need Sup plies, and Forces In Epirus Panic Stricken. ATHENS, Greece, April 23.— A decree was issued by the King to-night summon ing the two classes of the National Guard for active service. Late dispatches from Larissa say the Turks have burned the villages of Karayo land of Moralaria and part of Igaria, in cluding churches. Dispatches from Epirus say the Turks in that province are panic stricken and, instead of remaining to defend their posi tions, flee in terror as the Greeks ap proach. Many cannon and quantities of ammunition and an abundance of booty are said to have fallen into the hands of the invaders. It is learned the position of the army oi Edhem Pasha is desperate. Supplies of all kinds are needed. Appeals for re-enforcements are due to serious losses the Turks sustained. At Reveni and Boughazi whole battalions of Turkish troops were decimated. CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, April 23. Edbem Pasha has telegraphed from the front that the Greeks are making only a feeble defense to Larissa. He says the Turks are advancing very cautiously, be lieving the Greeks have planted dynamite mines in the outskirts of the city. OSMAN IN COMMAND. By Palacs Intrigue Edhem Pasha, the Leader of the Turkish Forces. Is Recalled. CONSTANTINOPLE, Tttrket, April 23. — Osman Pasha has been aisigned to command the Turkish troops before La ritsa. Edhem Pasha, Commander-in chief of the Turkisii forces, with head quarters at Elassona, haa been recalled. It ia said thai Eddin Pasha has also been appointed to command the Turcisu troops at Janina, in Epirus, replacing Ahmed Hafiz Pasha. The palace intriguers are again on the move and it is possible they may have caused the recall of Edhem Pasha, although it seems clearly suicidal to stop in the development of his plan of campaign. Osman Pasha left Constantinople for the front to-night. The Sultan has conferred the fullest power* upon Osman and as sured him he will not be fettered by pal ace intriguers. Edbem Pasha has been appointed adjutant-general to the Sultan. LONDON, Eng., April 23.— A dispatch to the Times from Constantinople states that Osman Pasha will have the supreme command of ail the Turkish forces. El hero Pasha will remain commander of the Army of the East. It is said Eddin Pasha will command the Army of the West. _ AT THE ARTA BRIDGE. Valor of the Creeks, Who Routed the Turks and Pursued Them Beyond the River. ATHENS, Grekck, April 23.— Official re port! of the defense made April 20 by the Greeks on tlie bridge over the river Ana, which divides Greece from Turkey, show i they conducted themselves with tbe ( I greatest valor. Three times the enemy advanced to the bridge, only to meet a murderous lira. The Turks did not get farther than the center of the bridge, at which powit their commander was shot dead. In the afternoon the Turks made an other assault, but the Greeks were then sheltered la the trenches ana repulsed them. The Greeks crossed the river near Koniena, three miles from its mouth, where the current is rapid and the water deep. They nailed planks across barrels and threw them overboard, forming an excellent bridge. Arriving on the other side, they found tLe Turks some distance from the river entrenched upon the plain. The Greeks shelled the Turks out. The Turks retreated and formed in several j other positions, but were invariably dis lodged. Stories of Mussulman atrocities are cur reni in Arta. One eye-witnebs says a j number of Christian women, captives of \ the Turks, were marched in front of the! Turkish lines in the hope their country men would not tire. NOT FIT FOR SERVICE. Return of the Turkish Fleet Ba cause the Captains Ware Afraid to Go to Sea. CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, April 23. The captains of the vessels comprising the Turkish fleet in the Dardanelles have presented to the Navy Department a rouud robin declaring that they are convinced of the uu fitness of ail the ships for active service, and in consequence the vessels were ordered to return to Constantinople singly in order that it might not attract public attention. This order has been carried out. BOMBARDING TOWNS. Cruise of the Creek Squadron Along the Albanian Coast on the Way to Salonlca. ATHENS, Greece, April 23.— The Greek Western squadron, consisting of a cruiser and three gunboats, left Corfu, bound northward, with orders to bombard the Albanian coast towns as far as Aolona, the principal port on the west coast of Albania, having 6000 inhabitants. The fleet has already bombarded the town of Agioi Saranta. AH the buildings were destroyed, excepting the Austrian Agency. A (f.ispatch from the commander of a Greek ironclad, in the squadron in the Gulf of Salonica, says the warships have captured the town of Katerina. The Greeks destroyed large quantities of sup plies destined for Elassona, Upon re turning to Flatomona the squadron shelled the town of Litokharion. The Turks detached a force of 8000 to prevent the Greeks from landing. The squadron also captured three Turkish vessels laden with wheat. LONDON, Eng., April 23.— The Daily News correspondent in Salouica says il is reported the Greek squadron is outside in the k vi lf, but i: cannot be authenticated. It is believed, however, the Greek Eastern tquadron is under orders to attack Sa lonica. ONLY A RELIGIOUS WAR. Already Egypt Is Contributing, and the Mecca Appeals to India to Aid the Sultan. LONDON, Ekg., April 23.— The Con stantinople correspondent of the Speaker, who is high in authority on the subject. and cognizant of the inside workings at embassies, writing on April 19, says: "If there i> war to-day in Thessaly it is PRICE FIVE CENTS. . simply because the concert of Europe have taken sides with Turkey and E.ven the Sultan to understand be can hare as free a hand in Greece as Armenia. The Sultan was not much inclined to t:ike chances of war, and it is believed bere lha: Germany influenced him to take the final steo. \ Other powers advised peace, bin assured i him Europe would not intervene in aid of Greece. Even now the war might be stopped, but no power honestly wishes it "Salisbury preferred to let things drift, with ihevaguo idea that war would be better than nothing and something would come which would end the long and wearisome period of fruitless negotia tions. He hoped the Turns might pos sibly be beaten and the Sultan be beaten into submission, and that «yon if Victori ous he would come out of the war in a condition of helpless bankruptcy, too weak to resist the powers. "The Turkish armies ought to be in Athens within a month. For the Turks this is strictly a religious war. They are full of fanaticism and drunk with tn* blood of Armenians. The idea that the Sultan, even if he should be victorious, will come out of the war rather than abdi cate comes from a mistaken view of his character and policy. It does not follow from his fear of assassination and appar ent vacillation in dealing witu Embassa dors that he is a weak man without a fixed policy. On the contrary, he it a very strong man, with the indomitable purpose to restore the power and glory of the Caliphat. The success of this war will mat • him more defiant than ever. It will arouse the courage and fanaticism of Moslems throughout the world. Al ready Egypt is contributing for the war against the infidel, and the Mecca has ap pealed to India to come to the Sultan's aid." REED REFUSES. The Speaker Will Not Let Maglur* Present Resolutions Expressing Sympathy for Greece. WASHINGTON, D. C, April 23.- Speaker Reed refused to-day to permit the resolutions presented by Representa tive Maguire, extending sympathy to the Greeks, to come before the House. The Californian, to secure immediate action, asked Reed to recognize him for unani mous consent to take up the resolutions. "1 cannot assume the responsibility of permittins these resolutions to come up," replied Reed. "They meddle in affairs that do not belong to us. This country got one severe slap from Bismarck tor meddling, and I do not propose to lay it open to a second." Maguire was hnally compelled to intro duce the resolutions in the regular way, which means the shelving of them until the Committee on Foreign Affairs is ap pointed. Are thfl Powers Allies? LONDON, Eng., Apxil 23.— A dispatch from Canea says a Greek officer to-day brought a dispatch from Colonel Vatsos, commander of the Greek army occupying the island, addressed to the admirals of the foreign fleets inquiring whether the Dowers were allies of Turkey. Vassos add ed that he had received orders to attack the Ottoman troors in the island. What reply the admirals made is not known. Wou'd Not Stop a Yankee. LONDON, Eng., April 23.— Gladstone, in conversation with a cal.er yesterday on the Eastern situation, said he hoped some Yankee skipper would run a cargo into • Cretan port. lie imagined, he said, the blockading squadron in Cretan waters would not dare to atop him.