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VOLUME LXXXI.-NO. 147.
GREECE READY TO MAKE THE FINAL STAND. Now the Vanquished Army of King George Will Battle at Pharsala- IT WILL BE A TERRIFIC FIGHT TO THE DEATH. Reports That the Turkish Hosts Will Not Pursue the Greeks Beyond Larissa. England Urges the Powers to Save the Hellenes. ATHENS, GREECE, April 25.— The Government has decided to persevere in the struggle and resist the further advance of the Turkish army with increased energy. A new line of defense stronger than that on the frontier will be established. The British and French Con suls at Volo have telegraphed to the British and French Ministers here asking that warships be sent to Volo. In view of the possible Turkish advance the Ministers have in consequence asked instructions from their Governments and notified British and French Admirals at Canea of the request. POWERS ARE READY TO INTERVENE. LONDON, ENG., April 25.— 1t is reported to-night that the British Foreign Office has been busily communicating with all the other members of the European concert since yesterday afternoon, suggest ing that the time for intervention is at hand. It is said the German, French and Italian governments have already intimated a willingness to intervene, Germany insisting, however, on a pledge from Greece that she will hereafter obey the mandate of the powers. The British officials are sanguine that Greece will comply, insuring a complete understanding this week. Henry Norman telegraphs from Athens: "King George means to go to the front and make a decided stand at Pharsala." OVERWHELMED BY FORCE. Deeds of Valor Performed by the Greeks as They Fell Back From Mati. LONDON", Emj.. Aprii 25.— The Athens correspondent of the Daily Mail gives further details of the battle of Mati. He ears that after performing prodiaies of valor the Greeks were slowly lorced back by overwhelming numbers. Their spirit was unbroken. They shouted as they ■were driven back: ; 'Hurrab! hurrah! "War to the doath !" When the history of the campaign shall be written nothing in it will be more splendid than the deeds of the rear guards. They sacrificed them GENERAL SMOLENTZ, THE HERO OF REVENI. General Smolentz was, at the beginning of hostilities, the Grecian Minister of War, but resigned his portfolio for the more active duty of the field. He was placed in command of a division of Prince Constantine's army, consisting of 14,000 men and charged with the duty of defending Ileveni Pa j s, three miles due west of Turnavo How that duty was performed is attested by the eallant conduct of the jreneral and the men under him in the battle at Ibat place on the 21st inst., when they fought for nine hours and finally beat back a Turkish column of 30,000 men, directed by Edhem Pasha in person, and came very near capturing that commander. General Smolentz is a native of Greece, ami is 45 years of ace. His youth was spent in the schools of Athens, and he afterward continued his studies in the higher institutions of Central Europe. He entered the Greek army on his return to Athens and was made captain of artillery, was later promoted to a colonelcy and then called to a seat in Premier Deiyannis' Cabinet. Though he learned the art of war in the mili jary schools, his genius for fighting was drunk in with his mother's ruilK and In tne air of his native hills. The Call selves like heroes as they siowly and mournfully fell back. The correspondent adds that alarm and consternation pre vail in Athens. The people meet on the j street and sob as they discuts the news. ' The whole city is in mourning. ATHENS, Greece. April 25.— The Greek army which on Friday nieht began the retreat from Larissa has been reformed on the second line of defense at Pharsaia, i about twenty-five miles south of the oid [ headquarters at Larissa. CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, April 25. — The Sultan is so pleased with the suc i cess of Edhem Pasha that he has be?towed j nnon him the Nicnan-I-Imtiaz (Order of ] Merit). SAX FRANCISCO, MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 26, 1897. PHARSALA AND ITS CITADEL. The town of Pharsala to whi«-.h the Greek army has retreated from Larissa is situated about twents'-rive miles south of that city on the south side of the Pharalitis or Aikli River op the high road to Athens. It lies at the eastern beginning of the Thessalian Plain, which follows the windings of the rivers to the west around by Kar ditza and Trikkala, and thence east aeain to Larissa and just at the north foot of a spur of the Khassiaaiari Mountains, 3370 feet high. In the foreground of the picture is a part of the Greek army coming in on the road from Larissa, which turns to the rkht around the slight rise of the plain to the bridge over tlie Pharalitis, which stream, though nearly dry in summer, is at this season of the year nearly bank full. To the right is the Varousi-Machalis, or Greek quarter of the city. \Vhen under the Turks this contains a Metropolitan Church and the residence of the archbishop. In the center and to the right i 3 the quarter formerly occupied exclusively by the Turkish population. In the rear is the Acropolis, 860 feet high, with steep sides and frowning precipices. The citadel, which crowns it, was first built in ancient times, and then rebuilt in the middle aces. From this point the eye can reach Motora on the extreme west of the plain, Olympus to the northeast and the intermediate stretch of hilis, Ossa to the nor-.neast, and Pelion and Mavro-Vuni to the eait, while to the south ridges and spurs of Khassiadiari, through which winds the roart to Athens, cuts off the views of the great Arthys range, lately tne northern frontier of Greece. Two miles north of the town is the station of the railroad from Volo to Trikkala and Kalabafc, which from here follows the river along the level plain. Pharsala had in 1890 some 2500 people, half of whom were Turks. Since the building of the road many of these latter have left, but their places have been filled by Greets and the town has grown. Many of its buildings are of grea: ace, but tbe town is being practically rebuilt. Pbarsala first comes into historical mentioi: at the time of tbe Persian invasion as a wealthy and populous city, and figures notably afterward, but is most famous as being near the great field on which Cjesar ana Pompey fought for and won and lost tne empire of the known world 48 B. C. WASHINGTON, I). Q, April 25.— The Turkish Minister to-nigh received the following cablegram from his Govern ment: "Larissa has been occupied to-day by the cavalry of the Ottoman army. The Hellenic troops fled in great disorder, abandoning huge quantities of arms and ammunition. Tne Turkish trcop3 took Turnavo with great quantities of arms, ammunition, cannon and provisions. The Helien;c soldiers who were made prisoners were sent to Eiassona. Turnavo has been surrounded by a military ring. The Turk ic patrol is moving around constantly, and taking sufficient measures to prevent all depredations." SET FIRE TO LARISSA. I Cmeks Destroyed the Turkish Quarter Before Evacuating the Army Headquarters. LONDON, Eng., April 25.— A dispatch to tbe Daily Telegraph from Eiassona states that heavy smoke can be seen over Larlisa, and it is reported tbe Greeks, prior to their evacuation, set fire to the Turkish quarter. An Athens dispatch says that before the Greeks retired from Lanssa i hey destroyed the bridge spanning the Peneios JLiver and cut the railway to Volo. Everything at the battle of Mati was against the Greeks. They were in an exposed position; their numbers were far less than those of tho Turks and they bad undergone terrible fa tigues and hardships. It is also reported tbev suffered trom a lack of ammunition. According to trustworthy accounts by foreiE" witnesses of the retreat from Lar isßi 4000 women and children were Jeft behind, many vainly endeavoring to de part by train. It is stated that five Italian volunteers forcibly entered a train, where upon the crowd fired upon them. The Italians returned the fire. The correspondent records interviews with several members of the Chamber of Deputies, from which he deduces the days of the Cabinet are numbered. There is also irritation aeainst tbe King, some per sons declaring that war is a mere stalking horse to cover the dynastic interests. The position of the royal family, he adds, is most unenviable. A royal proclamation is hourly expected. The ministers went to the palace to-day and demanded that an immediate change be made in the command of the army. The excitement increases. No estimates of the killed and wounded has yet been published, but Rail), leader of the opposition, who is with the army, describes the losses as very considerable, lie adds the majority of the officers In tbe foremost line were killed or wounded. There was a panic at Piraeus, the port of Athens, Saturday. The public had a misunderstanding that tb* Consuls at Volo had telegraphed to their respective Ministers here for steamers to transport Europeans from the city. The tocsin was sounded, and it was with mucti difficulty the fears of the inhabitants were calmed. They thought an attack was to be made upon the port by foreign warships. VALOR OF THE GREEKS. One Thousand Repulsed S!x Thou- sand Turks at Pentepigadia Pass. LONDON, E>o., April 25.— A dispatch to the Daily News from Arta, giving de tails of the fighting at Pentepigad'a, northwest of Arta, says Major Comoun dorous, the Greek commander, was sur prised and attacked Friday almost as soon as he occupied the Turkish fort at the out let of Pentepigadia Pas«. The Turks numbered 6000, while the Greek force was only 1000. The latter w&s without artil lery, and wearied from marching two nights and a day. Nevertheless the fight ing ws« severe for eleven hours. The Turks charged three times, but each time were repulsed at the point of the bayonet. The ammunition of the Greeks was finally exhausted, and they were compelled to retire, losing 150 killed. Captain Bolomos, after a great fight, was surrounded by the Turks, but refused to surrender wben called upou to do so. He killed many of the enemy, who pressed COLONEL MANOS OF THE GREEK ARMY. He is the commander of the Greek column which pushed across the frontier at Syrafcu, on the Arta River, just below Mount Zygas, ana is advancing toward Janina These troops were last heard from at Pentipighadia, on the highway from Aria to Janina, and are probably now r«ry near the latter city. i upon him on all sides, and then blew out his brains to avoid capture. The re mainder of the battalion returned to Filippiada. The Turks, after killing and mutilating the Greek wounded, retired to Janina. Clement Harris, an English volunteer serving with the Greek*, was killed. It is believed he was a son of Admiral Harris, commanding the British Cretan fleet. Three Greek battalions, with a battery of artiliery.reoccupied Pentepigadia Satur day morninp. The Turks have aban doned Kaletzia. There is a report that a white flag has been hoisted at Preveza, but this is doubtful, although the place is still blockaded by the Greeks. CONSTANTINOPLE, Turk ey. April 25.— The Sultan's Albanian Guards failed to raise the usual cheer as the Sultan passed to the Mosque Friday. An inquiry elicited the information that the troops did not think it right to raise joy ful cries while their brothers were tight ing on the frontier. The incident made a bad impression on the Sultan. Subse quently 2000 Albanians were dispatched to the frontier v.itU Oman Pasha. CANE A, Crkte, April 25.— The French cruiser Bugeaud, one of the international fleet on duty here, has gone to Salonica to protect French interests'. WILL GREECE WEAKEN? Can Save Further Bloodshed by Invoking the Intervention Eu rope Is Ready to Afford. LONDON, Exg., April 25.— Kritire, the last position occupied by the Greeks on the heights of Milouna Pass, was captured by the Turfcs by a dexterous Hank move ment. Tim place was defended by strong earthworks. A dispatch from Volo an nounces the place fell into the hands of Moslems Saturday morning. The Athena correspondent of the Morn- Ing Post says during the retreat from Lariisa Friday night there was a terrible panic among tlie fleeing populace. Tb.B Turkish cavalry was close behind the flee ing army, and us<ed rifles, sabers and re volvers indiscriminately, killing many. In an editorial to-morrow the Times will ask: "Will the Greeks recognize an unalterable truth and save further bloou shed by invoking the intervention which Europe is so anxious to afford whenever a demand is made? They have indicated in a most ample manner their honor in arms by magnificent courage and endur ance. What ODject do they hope to gain by prolonging the contest, which seems destined to go decisively apainst them? Common sense ought to induce them to seek the ofnees of those who are prepared to nave them from the worst consequences of their errors. If they are hanging back hoping their feelings will bo saved by a spontaneous proffer of mediation, they are suffering uader a serious misappre hension. It is not possible for a concert of Europe to proffer service until asked to or until the defeat of oue side is patent. When the powers do intervene they will endeavor, as Greece knows, to obtain for her the best terms compatible with the position in which she stands. Naturally the conditions are not so favorable after fresh defeats as before the invaders make further progress." CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, April 25.— At a Council at Yild>z Kiosk to-day it was decided to grant three of the berats demanded by Bulgaria for bishops in Macedonia. This is a partial fulfillment of promises made by the Porte, which have been persistently evaded Tor months. Coincidentally the Servian Minister has obtained an irade recalling Ambrosius, the Greek bishop at Uskub, in favor of the Servian prelates. In view of the insepara bility of these questions from Balkan poli tics, the incidents are of material import ance. A large number of the Greek wounded who were at Larissa upon the evacuation, were taken from the city urjder a flag of the Red Cross Society. RUSSIA AND AUSTRIA. They Are Said to Have Reached an Agreement Concerning: Turkey Favorable to Themselves. NEW YORK, N. V., April 25.-The Journal's London- Berlin dispatch says the Ta<;eblatt wili to-morrow say Russia and Austria have reached a definite agreement concerning Tumey. By t' is agreement the Sultan must renounce Crete. The Czar will be given a coaling station at Suda Bay in that island, and in return Russia will guarantee the integrity of the Otto man Empire. By this Russia will gain command of Ctmtinucd on iieconU fayc PRICE FIVE CENTS. CUBANS CONTINUE TO GAIN Engagements j n Which the Insurgents Are the Victors. GUERRILLA TACTICS OF GOMEZ'S MEN. Troops Divided Up Into Small Bands to Harass the Spaniards. WEYLER'S LYING REPORTS AS TO PACIFICATION. Spain In Such Sorm Straits for Money That the War Must Soon Be Abandoned. HAVANA, Ccba. April 25.— The war is waging fiercely in Santa Clara province. Near Remedies an engagement is re rorted between Gomez and the Spanish column of General Ruiz, lasting several hours. The Cuban commander used guerrilla tactics, showing the admirable training of his troops. The Cubans separ ated into small bands at a given order from Gomez, harrassine the Spanish on all sides. Then they came together in large bodies for cavalry attacks upon the Spaniards at soon as Ruiz's column began 10 march. The Spanish were greatly fatigued by these tactics and theirj artillery was ren dered useless. They entered Remedioi worn out, leaving 150 dead along the line of march. The Cuban losses were almost insignificant. In the bills of La Siguanea another hard fieht is reported between the Cubans led by Generals Quintin Banderaa and Roban, and the combined forces of Gen erals Montaner and Aldave. Banderas fonght bravely, ordering the men to charge with machetes. A hand-to-hand fight ensued, in which the Spaniards were obliged to retire, both sides suffering heavy looses. General Kobau, after the engagement, pursued the column of Gen eral Aldave to Sancti - Spiritus and harassed it all day, killing more than a hundred. In all Santa Clara the revolution is as strong as ever, ana Weyler's report that he has pacified the province is unfounded. In a few days Estrada Palma, Cuuan dele gate at New York, will receive a letter from Colonel Nestor Aranguren, saving the Cuban army in Havana province, with recent re-enforcements and supplies, can keep 30,000 Spanish regulars busy. The Spaniards here insist that Palma has received formal warning from McKin ley not to violate the neutrality laws of the United States, and now the same statement is made on no less authority than Senor Canovas himself. According to La Lncba, an important political person in the United States had a lone interview with Palma, in which the latter protested against any unlawful pressura upon him and Americans and Cubans who are aiding revolution by legal means, but he promised at the name time to respect the neutrality laws. Canovas is reported as saying he is Tery mucn pleased by the evidence of sincere SEW TO-DAT. ( \_w A Wg factory waj |L-^^y/ brought to a stand- \\ jJ-/i^s. still the other day \\ /E*t 7 or want of a com ' \^A/ \Wmon shingle -nail. trouble was a /\\ // i/>i) m y ster y at firs*- /i\jV-7/-Y-C^Even the boss me- P\IYV 1 chanic could'nt tell yz3f aC -jl what was the mat- y//^ggß«jtt|/ ter. They sent for ? J ~-Jcfj BSfl a high-priced ex- I 1 I^^Euß pert who charged IV — EsFSlSg^ ten dollars an hour. Ai—flsiJKSi All he said was : itißMHfflrA "Gimme a nail." 11 j£sl m\\ He drove it n the I I t-^3§»-ft§-M right place and in \\^^T§g — n two minutes the i \\ hS — M whole factory was U linl g° in & again. 1 \ Jffj_ \ \ That's the way *"*> with the machinery of the human body. When the stomach and bowels are wrong what seems a mere trifle, blocks the whole system. Every part of the body feels the effects of a little constipation. The head aches, the mouth tastes bad; the stomach is distressed, the liver is con- gested and torpid; you feel sluggish and miserable and down-hearted; the energies are completely paralyzed — all for want of a little help to regulate the stomach and bowels, What you want is Dr. Pierces Pleasant Pellets. They will make you regular and you keep so; they act in a comfortable natural way, not violently but surely. 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