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THE PERIL OF QUEEN VICTORIA IN THE DAY OF HER JUBILEE
Just ten years ago I was instrumental in I — --rijigfor an American — a man whose | .;.tiuence and celebrity may be described | as national in character — a seat in West minister Abbey for the celebration of the g<.liien jubilee :-ervice of the Queen. It was a creat favor, one wliich he na i been ) anicuiarly anxious to obtain, anti when | it is borne in mind that the spuce within the Abbey was so restricted that only LW ; ilaces coulii be accorded to the 500 mem- j bers of the House of Lords, and that j fabulous prices were being offered for J ticket?, his satisfaction, not uumingied with pride, may be imacined when he received cards, not only for himself, but also for his wife. Yet at the very laat moment he decided not to 20, on the ground that he apprehended some un toward event in the Abbey, or on the road i thither, which miehi lend to a panic and i culminate in a catastrophe. In fact, lie did not heai'.aie to a<.ni:t that be dreaded some outrage of the dynamite or nitro g.ycerine order, and inasmuch as 1 was aware that in this country he had championed what is Known as the '"Cause ! of Ireland," and had accorded lucrative i em ploy men i to some of the Clan-na-Gael, ' Invincible and Fenian leaders, I was tempted to believe that bia fears were j based on something more serious than | mere imagination. Fortunately, however, | nothing occurred to justify them. Yet I l.aye never heard him express a word oH recret or disappointment at having re frained from making use of the cards, which 1 had had so much difficulty to ob tain for him, and which he w«s so anxious to receive. The apprehensions tha 1 were manifested on thai occasion by this American citizen, whose features ar« familiar to every man, woman and child throughout the length and breadth of the United States, are shared to-day by most of the leading Gov ernment officials in London, and by no one more so than by the Queen herself, who regards w.th no Jittle dread the pro cessiou through the streets of Ljndon on Tuesday next, and will be heartily glad and relieved when it is all over. In 1887 the royal procession passed up Piccaiii.iy, down St. James street, along Pan Mall and down Parliament street to the Abbey, and back through the Bird Cage walk. That is to say the route was a short one and was bordered by the mansions of the wealthiest and grandest i» rsonages in the United Kingdom, by the fashionable clubs and by the Government office*, all of which may be regarded as having bten rigorously c.osed to suspicious strangers. Bat on Tuesday next the Queen will dr.ve over a rou.e at least three limes as long, which from sue moment it leaves Trafal gar square until it reaches the Westmiu- Mer Bridge on its way back, extends through btree'.a and thoroughfares ihat are lined on either side by buildings so d.veisely occupied and so densely popu lated that it is idle to dream cf their be ing subjected to any adequate surveillance on the part of the po.ice. In Russia ana in Oriental countries on such an occasion as this every owner of a house on the line of procession would be held crmineliy responsible for the be- Li people wi,o cross its thre^n o!d v. I ir was over, and in many instances ibt buildings would even be cleared and Kept empty by the authori ties. But this is out of the question in England, which is relatively bpeaking a free country, populated by citizens jealous of their rights; and the long and short of ihe matter L- that the Queen for the space of some three hours, and durin^ a drive at a foot pace over a route of m- re than s.x miles, will be at the mercy of any notorieiy-crazed crank, of any fanatic anarchist, of any revengeful Indian, or embittered "Invincible," who cares 10 win everlastine celebrity — it would be more right to call it undying infamy — by at tempting the life of the aged sovereign, who, being in her seventy-eighth year, and having comple;ed the sixth decade of her reign, may justly be considered as having already one .oot in the grave. 1 here is littie danger of any attack of this kind being made by any one in the streets. For in addition to tne latter be ing lined on either side by troops stand ing three deep and shoulder to shoulder a.ong the entire route of the procession, ;he crowds will be so dense that the rege cide would be seized, trampled down and probably torn to pieces by the mob before he would have any chance of accomplish ing his fe.i purpose. Ths danger wili come liom tne windows and the roofs of the houses, and the recent terr. tying out rage at the Aldergate-street stat on of the underground railroad in London shows how easy it is for any one to use with deadly effect a so-called infernal machine without much peril of detection. Accord ing to the report of Sir Vivian Majendie, the Government expert on explosives, and recognized as the greatest authority on the -atter in Europe, the explosion which shattered a railroad carriage, killing one man and injuring a number of others, was caused by a small bomb or canister filled with what is known in chemistry as a "high explosive," and which had been placed under the seat of a carriage and left there by some foe of society, who mingling with the crowd on emerging from the carriage, had disappeared with out leaving any trace or clow to his iden tity. As the man who blew up the train at Aldergate street was uninjured by the explosion, and is still entirely unknown, it v certain that he can make and carry his explosives safely, and there is conse quently nothing whatever to prevent him or any absociate with the same malignity and nerve from repeating the outrage whenever he sees fti — s»y on the day of the jubilee celebration. He can then either escape, as he has done previously — tne ciiances being ; gainst his capture — or else if he be pos sessed of that craze for notoriety, which appears to be the weak point in the char acter of so many regicides, he will allow himself to be taken, and glory in the fact that his name wili live forever in nistory — just as long, in fact, as that of good Queen Victoria herself. London, it must be reme mbered, is the city of refuge of all the Continental anar chists, nihiluts and socialists — in fact the foes of society of every country under t c sun, since even Chinese highbindeis and Turkish revolutionists Lave established branches and lodges there. Elsewhere in Europe the police are too aiert, and being possessed of mean* that are beyonj the reach of their English comrades — methods whiefa are not >ancioned by Uruish law — are able to hound their quarry out of their lespeciive countries, or else 10 keep them \ under proper supervision. But the latter is difficult — nay, almost impossible — in London, with us enormous area, iis popu lation of nearly 5,000,000 and its immense water Iron t, which renders departure ior FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE OF THIS SARGENT PORTRAIT The mere mention of the word "por trait" in the most desultory conversation pives ri-c just at present to the questions: Have you been to the AcadeiuvV Have you seen the portraits oi Mr. Sargent? Oi Mr. Shannon? Of Sir (ieorps Bald? The artist, if he is present, bursts into an almost profanely emphatic tribute of admiration for Mr. Sargent. The phllU tine agrees feebly and is inwardly almost equally i.rofane, because he cannot speak with moie genuine enthusiasm. Private y be does not, cannot, will not like them ; he prefers from his soul the portraits of Mr. Herkomer. In this year's Academy Mr. Sargent has only two piciurei, but they have given the papers a cli:tnce for the use of all the superlatives at their command, with reiterations thereof to the point of weariness. It is, liow< v. r, impossible not to feel, after writing about work with which we may not aiwavs be la sym phthy bu; wliich i« always powerfully in dividual, that criticism of oilier ikiugs ■ . sa *r**TW' ■ r *~ri*'~fr 3 - -"^ ;**»- "-^ SAX FRANCISCO, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 20, ISO 7. becomes slightly perfunctory. 'Ihe portraits at present exhibited are of tin. Carl Meyer, the wife of Roths child's financial manager, and her two children, and mat ol the little four-year old daughter of Lord Kibblesdale. The latter is frankly old-fashioned. The child is at i red in a black satin troct, like a li.tle Spanish Infanta, with her light hair escapiu.- from the daintiest of little caps. She stands near a low pedestal almost as tall as ber.-elf, on which rests a tig, green jar iilled with hard, bright green leaves; one iittie hand flutters out to the pillar for support, with a somewhat timid and v^iy chiMlike movement. In paint ing children Mr. barge nt forgets his rather ironic attitude — one of indulgent but vtry keen observations of the vanities ani triv olitie* of the fashionable world he has foee'i cailed 10 paint— and he seems only to care 10 express the exq'iisi'e freshness, the naive graciousness and bloom, which uistincuish, apparently, litt:e children alone, i iiave never seen in any Sarcent ! portrat of children of a larger growth the ; same qualities of tenderness and sym i pathy. Everything seems to have been ! selected with the view of expressing the j delicacy of the little figure; its uncon- I scious pride of bearing, the shyness which battles with delight at uer new impor tance. Tho portrait of Mrs. Carl Meyer plays upon an .entirely different set of emotions. It is frankly modern, as moderns can bo who are inevitably, at this day and date, imitations. To what secret springs of emulative decoration are we indebted for the wealth of artistic dHorescence which gives the drawing-rooms of the "high world" all the glitter of gilt and brocade, of glass, of highly cultivated blossoms, of polished Moors and paneled walls and ceiiin 8 that tiurclier alone might appro priately have decorated. Here we are in troduced into such an interior, as mod ern as the revival of interest in the an tique can meke'it. The portrait gains an added distinction in th 3 fact that it is not painted in a studio light, but in the ie*s direct, less concentrated one of an ordi nary room. The lady, who is in full even ing dress — and what a marvel of >till in another direct ion is the gown! — is the very 9ower of such surroundings. The spirit of the design is purely French, the execu tion is of no country and for all time. Tiie two children behind the sofa — the g rl in white muslin, the boy in gray vel vet—have just the amount of relief neces sary to make them share, without dis turbing tne importance cl the mother, who is a spreading glory of shimmering pink satin of duil finish and white chiffon. The whole picture is a harmony of pink and gold of gray and white, in whicti the only dark notes are furnished by the rich black of the hair of the children, the black velvet at the waist and elbows of the gown of the mother, and the smooth, dark polish of the floor. The dark children, with their characteristic look of race, stand behind the sofa, leaning over it and iisaiust each other. The mother, who is quite younL:, shows the piquant contrast of abundant, prematurely gray hair, with a coPiplexioii of maivelous f:e-tines~, in which the sha.iows are as lipht as the shadows on water. Everything lives, breathes, is instinct with actiou. The book rest> as it has been flung down, witn flattering pages; the ed^es of the gold sola glisten; the shepherdess dances in the brocade that covers it, and which hardly differs in color from the hand that is stretched out carelessly, lightly, but which the younger child has caught and held w.th a little intimate gesture which firings the three together. It is the full and consummate expression of fashion able lite of the present day, with all its -■ayety, its carele-snes?, it-* extravagance expressed with a technique that is in iiseli another tribute — for i£ it has all the energy, the vitality of older masters, it na« a restless, breathless, high-sirung brilliancy entirely of the period, not with out its irritaline oualitiss. Londoa. May 21. Yxa Dyok Brows. a foreign clime a relatively easy matter to those who know how to go about the ft£f*o«. Moreover, the English people in the past Dave not sufficiently expressed their abhorrence or even disapproval of crimes of v o'ence committed what may be de scribed as under a clcak of politics. For the London Times, that newspaper which may be regarded as the very Dersonin cation of British respectability and pro priety, did not hesitate to include among the most valued and honored members of its staff a man who under the literary pseudonym of "Siepniak" disguised, but did not attempt to conceal, his real name of Kazcheffsky, which figures in the criminal annals of Russia as 'hat of the murderer of the chief of the St. Petersburg police. General . Mezenizsff. The latter was killed in the most cowardly manner by a couple of »tabs in the back on the part of "Siepniak," who was afterward Included by Edmund Yates among his "Celebrities at Home" in the London Wurld, and linally came to a violent and on the whole well-merited end through being ground to pieces by a locomotive while walking alons: the tracks ot a rail road in the outskirts of London. Another equally celebrated member of the staff of ihe limes, and who was for many years the special correspondent of that journal in the United States, was the late Anthony Gallenga, who. according to his own admission, traveled all the way from Parma to Turin as a young man for the express purpose oi assassinating King Charles Albert of Sardinia, a crime for which he was sentenced to death, only escaping that fate by flight to Boston. Yet the fact of his having been implicated in this conspiracy ana of haying plotted a murder, the execution of which was only prevented by the vigilance of the Sardinian police, did not prevent Mr. Gal lenga from becoming one of the so-called "erabassadora" of the London Times, nor from even attaining subsequently high political honors in his native country. Such things as these are calculated to warp the minds and the principles of those who, educated beyond the station in life which they can reasonably expect to attain, are already disposed to regard their surroundings with a' mind that can oniy be described as distorted. It is ex ceedingly difficult for people of this char acter, who are frequently styled the "step children of socieiy," to define the exact line that separates a crime iroru a politi cal offense. They cannot but appreciate the fact the felons of to-day are often the martyrs and the Heroes of to-morrow, and when they «cc the treatment accorded by posterity to Orsini, who in an attempt to assassinate Napoleon 111 with a bomb killed a.l wounded twenty-two people at Paris, and Oberdank. who sought to murder the Em peror of Austria, both of whom are now extolled throughout Italy as patriots who sacrificed their lives for their country's pood, it is difficult to prevent their run ning away with the tirm conviction that in the event of their kil line some sovereign of the present time they will, notwith standing the execration which such an act would at first call forth, oe eventu ally raised by their fellow-countrymen and by society to just as high a pinnacle of popularity and regard as any of the men above mentioned. It must not be forgotten that every political revolution of the past has been precede t by acts of conspiracy and often of violence on tha part of individuals who occupied towarl the Governments of their day much tha same position as that in which the an archists, the socialists, the Irish Invinci bles, the Russian nihilists, etc., now stand, and regicides are to a certain extent war ranted and encouraged by the past to believe that the legalization and justifi cation of their crime is almost always but a question of time. Indeed, the very condition of international intercourse tends to blunt the moral sense of the regicide and of the political assassin with regard to the infamy of his crime. For, as we have seen above, England sheltered the murderer Ktepniak irora the Czar and declined to surrender to France the fellow conspirators of Orsini on the ground That their crimes had been of a political char acter and dictated by patriotism rather than by wickedness. In the same way, France, in spite of her anxiety to please Kusaia, turned a deaf ear to the demand of the Czar for the arrest and surrender of Hartman and tnose other nihilists who «vere concerned in the attempt to blow to pieces the imperial train near Moscow, the conspirators destroying the wro:ig train, killing the majority of its occu -1 ants. Irishmen indicied by the English, courts for dynamite outrages may aiwaya rely noon protection from the English police provided only they can reach France; and although Austria and Italy are bound together in a close union by the terms of the triple alliance, Oberdank would never have been obliged to expiate his offense on the scaffold h&d he man aged to attain the Italian frontier. Pari3 harbored until the day of his death the late Prince Karageorgivitch, who stood convicted by the tribunals of Hungary, in which country he was a resi dent at the time of the shocking assassin ation of the late Prince Michael of Servia, of having been the principal instigator of tbat crime, and a warrant being actually issued for his arrest. Yet owing to the fact of the murder having been of the regicide order no attempt was ever made to interfere with Prince Karageorgivitch in France. It is almost certain that were any one to murder the Sultan, Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria, Kiug Alexander of Servia, or let us even bay King Hum bert or Emperor William, and then es cape to euher France or England, it is ex ceedingly doubtiul whether the Govern ments of either of these two countries would be willing to surrender the assas sin; and in the event any liish invinci ble or Indian fanatic, maddened by the sense of the wrongs indicted upon his people by their English oppressors, made tomf attempt upon the life of the venerable Queen Victoria, his extradition by any foreign country to wnich he might flee would be contrary to usage in the past, and entirely a tribute to the uni versal respect and admiration which her I>riiannic Majesty commands, not only at home but also abroad. The above will convey an idsa of the dangers to which the Queen will De ex posed on Tuesday next, and there are many both in her own do minions and abroad who will breathe more freely and feel relieved when they learn that she has reached home in safely after tlie royal procession ihrout'h the streets of the metropolis without having succumbed to fatigue, ex citement or to the ai tact of some homi cidal or regicuia; crank. Ex- Attache.