Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LXXXII.-NO. 30.
DECISIVE BATTLES TO BE FOUGHT Crisis in the Cuban War Is Now Approach ing Fast. BOTH SIDES PREPARING FOR THE FRAY. Weyler Resolved to Utterly k Destroy Santiago de Cuba W Province. INSURGENT LEAD I RS COMPLETE PLANS FOR DEFEIfSE. Garcia Determined to Inflict Blows Upon the Hordes of Span ish Soldiers. HAVANA, Ccba, June 29.— The most interesting and decisive period in the Cuban war is now rapidly approaching. Should Weyler Bucc?ed in his formidable effort aeainst the province of Santiago de Cuba the revolution will be crushed and peace established, as the captain-general Hopes it will be, by the dreadful work of fire and sword. The crisis so long ex pected is now at hand. Weyler is resolved to utterly destroy the province of fcantiaeo de Cuba if neces sary for his purpose, and as he openly de clared in the palace before leaving Ha vana, he will carry to the extreme his war of extermination "against all who help the, enemies of Spain." • The preparations made by the Cnbans to withstand Weyler's forty battalions and' more numerous irregular forces of guerrillas are remarkable. General Molin's defeat at Bueycito and the dis .per»ion of his column of 6000 men is the Rr:Bt news ■to be received by Weyler in Santiago de Cuba. General Rabi'e Cuban cavalry is formidable throughout the dis • trTct of ?.T*nßuaniiit>, nrhirfj this l««<i- -»or. trals. 'At the -same time all the roads to the mountains of Baracoa and to Sierra Maestra, which are Cuba's strongholds, h*.ve been planted with dynamite by order of Garcia. All the reserve forces stationed in the different Cuban prefec tures have been called into. action and armed. / Garcia himself will probably soon return to Santiago de Cuba with 5000 men to aid General Kabu According to Gomez's instructions, issued a month ago, when Weyler began to prepare the movement against the east, the Cubans are not expected to en gage in ODen battles, but to tire out the Spanish columns, as they had done in Santa Clara province with constant guer rilla fighting. But all advices from Santi ago de Cuba a^ree that General Garcia is •willing to face Weyler in two or three pitched battles, in spite of tts numerical inferiority of his troopt. Grneral Garcia ■wrote recently to a friend in the city of Santiago de Cuba: "I do not beiieve Weyler will commit the folly of starting a campaign against Santiago de Cuba at this time of the year, when yellow fever will exterminate his troops. But if he does I should like to give him two or three blows, were it only to prove to the United States our right tv be considered belligerents." At Ranchueio from thirty to forty pacificos are dying every day from starva tion. Every man who dies is reported as an insurgent killed in the field. The revolution has gained considerable strength in the west since Weyler's with drawal of many battalions from Matanza*, Havana and Pinar de! Rio for his eastern campaign. It is impossible any longer for Weyler's agents to keep up the lie of pacification in the west, but they Fay now that alter the triumph which they expect in Eastern Cuba it will be easy to exter minate the Cuban bands that swarm around Havana. TEN YEARS' PENAL SERVITUDE. Stn'ence of Charles B^rtrand, ihe Sw.u dler Who Fosed as a tr.ther or Embas ndor Hjv. LONDON. Kno.. June 29.— Charles Brr trand, known under the aliases of "Colo nel Hay," alleged brother of the United Slates Embas-ador, "Colonel Travel," • "R. S. Marshal" of Chicago," and numer ous other names, who was committed to trial on June 19 charged with fraud in gaining the acquaintance of women and ordering jewelry, dresses, hats, etc., for them and having the goods sent to hotels and then borr wing small sums from the victims, was sentenced to-day to ten years' renal servitude. Bertrand previously served three years' penal servitude here under the aliases of "St Elmas" and "Donaldson. The authorities proved that he had served a term of eight years' imprisonment in California. — -^ I JsA' TJCJtTAI >J!l> R\ HAAOTAUI. lh* French Premier Promif* to Aid, iff Mo "-tart/ l>rlrrjntr*. PARIS. France. June 29.— Hanotaux gave a luncheon to-day to General Horace Porter and the American monetary dele gates — Stevenson, Paine and Wolcott — which all of the prominent supporters of bimetallism were present. The adhesion of France to the objects of the delegates was promised, provided that the Berlin and THE CALL. London Governments also accept the pro posal for an international conference. HEBREWS AHE IN DANGER. Obnoxious R sfnc' ons Formulated in Persia P opcr^iory to Carrying Out a ihn cf Extemmution. NEW YORK. N. V.. June 29.-Tue World* London special says: A cor r spondent at Teheran, Persia, who is in an official position, says: "ISayid Hay ban Allah has planned the extermination of all the H-brew- in Per sia. He has summoned the chief rabbi and inform-d him tha t the Hebrews must accept the Mohammedan faith or he will do all that be can to exterminate them. "Sayid Rayhan has formulated the fol lowing restrictions: Every Hebrew must hare all of his hair cut off, mast never ride an animal throughout the city, must wear European dres» anil must wea r a mark to distinguish him from the Mo hammedan, llpnrrw women must veil. They must not wear the eh»dor or chash choor outdoor dregß which Persian «ti qnette expects of every woman. The He brew must 'iot build his house hi "her than that of his Mohamme i.m neighbor. The entrance mu«t be disting-.i: -li-d r-om Mos lems. He is noi tr> come out of his house on rainy dars. When a Hebrew dies any re'ative who s a ronvert to M >hammed enisrn may v s^ess all his prorjerty. A Hebrew who having once accepted Islam renounces it will be put to death. "Fanatical Moslems attacked the He brew quarter on May 9an<i pi'laeed houses ;md dra<r»ed every Ilenr.-w inmate on I and brutally beat him and cut off his hair and put a red paten on his clothes. Many Hebrews accepted Islam to iava their lives. "A final attack for the extermination of all Hebrews is feared. Ttie Moslems en deavored several times to ob am the sanc tion of Chi f Moshtahd, Pope of the Mohammedan church, for - all Hebrews on one day, falsely accusing them of crimes. They will try to bring in at night a dead body into the Hebrew quarter so that they mar toouM the He brews of murder. The Hebrew quarter is The Fire on the Corner oi East and Fo'som Streets Yesterday Completely Destroyed the New "Wharf Just Completed for the Oceanic Steamship Company. The Loss to the State Is Estimated at Over $30,000, and the Damage to Private Property Will Probably Exceed $20,000 More. guarded by soldiers. We are left at mercy of these fanatics." MAY ALL VISIT VICTORIA. Tho Queen Invitts Members of the House of Commons and Their W yes to Call. LONDON, Eng., June 29 —There has been much grumblinc in the lobbies of theCmmon- because a majority of the members who went to Buckingham Falaip Wednesday last on the occasion of the presentation of the Commons aildress to the Queen wore un^b c to enter the throncrojm and did not see her Majesty owing to the bungling or indifference of tli»* pitiace officials. In ihe Commons to-nizht Kaliour ai - nounced that i c had received a message from the Queen, who had only learned through ihe newspapers of the contre tomp* wh'ch hnd prevented the members from entering her presence on iheoica sion referred to. In the message the Queen inviied all the mcßßbrra of the House, together with their wives, to visit her at Windsor on July A. The announce ment caused cheers by Liberals and Con servative*. The Irish members received it with laughter. 1 X VHILI, .. v.A X Lt,MD. JLitlle One* fruihmtt h t , >h* Fall of a Church Halt at .Sol<ma. MADRID, Spain, June —A church wall Ml at Solatia this morning, killing nine children. The parents and relatives of the children »re wild with grief. They demand that the authorities make an in vestigation of the disaster and pun those who are responsible lor it. They say that the church wall had been in a dangerous state for .some time past, and they assert that it ought to have been somebody's business to strengthen it. SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 30, 1897. LOSS OF THE PACIFIC LINER ADEN No Longer Any Doubt as to the Fate of the Big Steamship. WRECKED ON A REEF IN THE INDIAN OCEAN. Some of the Survivors Saved by the Mayo as the Ye sel Was Breaking Up. BUT MANY WERE SWEPT AWAY AND DROWNED. In AH ths Missing Include Twenty- Five Passengers and Fifty-Three Members of the Crew. LONDON, ENG., June 29.—Ac cording to advices received here this morning there is no longer any doubt as to the fate of the missing Pacific line steamship Aden, which left Yokohama June i for London with a number of passengers and a valuable cargo. It is now known that the Aden was wrecked June 9 on a reef near the island of Socotra, in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern extremity of Africa. A number of her officers and crew and eight passengers were j swept overboard and drowned. A j boat loaded with passengers and sailors left the ship on June 10. I The weather was very heavy and ! it is feared the boat was lost. Other accounts say nine passen | gers, three European and thirty - j five native members of the crew I were saved, and twenty-five pas sengers and twenty European and thirty-three native members of the crew, together with all the officers, are missing. A later dispatch says the Indian Government steamer Mayo res cued the survivors of the Aden at 7 o'clock on Saturday, just as the wreck of the Pacific liner was ; breaking up. They have been t.ken to Aden. in all the drowned and missing i include twenty-five passengers, After the American Ship Commodore Had Been Skillfully Towed Away From the Burning Wharf by the Tug Vigilant, Her Anchor Was Dropped Owing to a Misapprehension, and Two Tugs Had to Keep Constantly Pumping Water on Her Deck to Keep Her From Catching Fire. An Entire New Suit of Sails Had to Be Cut Away to Save the Masts* twenty European officers and sailors and thirty-three natives of the Aden's crew. HORRORS ON THE REEF. Fearful Suffering of Those Who Remained Aboard tho Aden Until Rescued. LONDON, Eng., June 29.— The Daily Mail's correspondent at Aden interviewed ihe survivors of the disaster and sends a vivid description of the loss of the , steamer. He says that the Aden left Co lombo June 1. Two days later she was struck by a- severe monsoon. For six days terrific gales and heavy seas were met wltii and the weather was very thick. At 3 o'clock on the morning of June 9 the Aden struck on lias Kadressa reef, east ward of Socotra. An immense hole was torn in the hull, through which the water poured in torrents. The engine-room was ! almost instantly flooded and the fires quenched. When the fires went out the electric-lights were extinguished and the ship was in utter darkness. Then ensued a scene of wild contusion. Passengers rushed from their cabin in their night : clothing, the women and children scream \ ing in terror. The majority of the men passengers were filled with horror and were helpless. The officers and. crew did their utmost tor the safety of the vessel ! and tried to calm the passengers. It ' speedily became apparent that the only j hope was in the small boats. Life belts ! were promptly served out to the passen j gers and signals of distress fired. - ,',' The boats on the weather side were | washed away by the seas, but those on the lee side were prepared for launching. In the meantime' some of the crew were detailed to help the terrified passengers secure clothing from their cabins, a* it was obvious that hours must pass before it would be possible to launch boats, ow ing to the lury of the sea. Ths hope that the storm would abate was not fulfilled. On the contrary the haze increased and the seas dnshed over the steamer threat ening to destroy her. Daylight brought no relief. It rather added to the horror in revealing to those on board the awftil noss of their position. A lifeboat was lowered, but it was im i mediately swept away with First Officer Garden and three Li«cars. Second Officer Miller with others of the crew embarked in a gig to rescue their shipmates, but to the utter despair of those on boar !, both i boats were hurled away on tremendous seas. Only one boat remained, its lower ing was watched with intense emotion. Cries of anguish burst from the watchers when this, too, immediately it was low ered, hair capsized, casting the sailors and stores into ihe sea. After great efforts the boat was hnnllv righted and the women and children lowered into it, with the exception of Mesdames Gillott. Pearce and Strain, who decided to remain on the wreck with their husbands. Miss Lloyd and Mi-s Weller, who are missionaries at I Foo Chow, also determined to remain. As mornin • advanced the waves con tinued to sweep over the «tearner, dashing many of those on board against the oui warks or dtoK structures, and leaving theni prostrate. One by one ilie women and children remaining, too weak to with stand further nnfffitingr, were washed overbourd, the survivors bjin™ helpless to prevent their fate. Mr. Strain of Tientsin, hi> wfe and two children. Misses Lloyd nna Wei lor, .Mr. and Mr«. Pearce, their bnby and it- Chinese nurse, weie among the first wnowere thin engulfed. Next to ko was Captain Hill, master of tlie steamer. His leg had been broken, but notwith standing tins, ho continued calmly and bravely to give orders until the waves claimed him. Then itveral Lascars of the crew were washed overboard. Throughout the Ions; day the sea raged, seizing victim after victim. At about 5 o'clock in the evening the survivors, many of whom were badly hurt, retreated below. Thus in bodily pain and intense raental suspense they passed the nieht, huddlod In the small cabin, which threatened to be their tomn. It was a night which none of the survivors care to recall in their thoughts, far less in their speech. The storm slightly abated on the 10th. Those who were least exhausted began to search for food, but at the cost of pain to their bruised and stiffened limbs and also at the imminent risk of being swept over board by the big se:i» that were still reaching over the wreik. The fourth en gineer, while getting water, was knocked sensele sby a heavy sea. Mr. Pearce al-o came near being carried overboard, but his wi;e's heroism saved him. The search for food was not very successful, ti.ere being little that jould be found. Three terrible days thus passed before a vessel was sighted on the 13th. This ves sel did not, however, see the signals of the shipwrecked people. Another vessel was sighted on the 17th and another on the 20th, bat neither appeared to see the signals, although the castaways cannot imagine how they escaped notice. These unhappy episodes broke down many who bnd hitherto Kept command of them selves, And the scenes of half-maddened rage were painful to witness. Tt^we were two heroiues in this awful time — Mes dames Gillott and Pearce. They kept up their j-pirits and under took the catering, though the provisions were lessening daily. They also cheer d their companions in misery. Tne weather moderated in the morning, but always became more violent in the after LoiUinucd on Second Page. .PJ!£CE~~iFIVE CENTS. BURNED LIKE A TORCH Destruction of the New Folsom-Street Pier by Fierce Flames. THE SHIP COMMODORE 111 A BLAZE. Overboard Jumped the Wife of the Captain, but She Was Rescued. HEROIC ACT OF JJPASESE SAILORS. Asiatic Man-of-Warsmen Pought the Plames and Were Cheered hy Americans. Folsom-street pier, the pride of the Harbor Commissioners, is a ruin. Ten minutes after the cry of fire was raised the entire superstr ucture was a mass of flames, and an hour later the loss was al most complete. The shed was gone, the ship Commodore was almost gutted by the flames and the scow schooner Katie Me was burned to the water's edge. The wife of Captain Davidson of the Commodore jumped overboard when the flames enveloped the ship and was saved only with difficulty. The three men on the Katie Me were only saved by the cour age and darinc of Jack Healy, Henry Peterson and others. In spite of the tierce flames they backed their boats up to the burning schooner and took the men off. They yelled again and airain to them to jump, but the sailors were paralyzed with fear and did not move. Each boat man tbrew a bucket of water over himseif ana backing alongside the burning schooner took the men aboard. It was a narrow escape. Tbe steamer Homer was lying ahead of the ship Commodore discharging a cargo of lumber and it was lucky for her that steam was in the boiler. The sadden out burst of the flames nearly caused the crew to desert, but the captain and officers brought the men to a sense of their duty, and when the heat became too intense the lines were cast off and the steamer backed into the stream. The loss will be over $50,000, and of that sum the State loses at least $30,000. The Commodore had been recoppered *nd re fitted throughout, her new sails had been oer.t and she was ready to sail to-day for Honolulu to load sugar for New York when the fire came, and now the charterers will have to secure another vessel to take her place. The K.itie Me was formerly owned by Uncle Sam and carried sand to the various military posts in the bay. M. Peterson bought her and ever since she has been a regular trader on the bay. The oriein of the fire seems to be in doubt. Some say it started in the oil and paint shop, others that it broke out under the wharf from spontaneous combustion, whi.'e still others assert that it was caused by the tar boiler overflowing into the tire underneath. In talking about the matter yesterday Henry Peterson, whoso office is only a short distance from the oilshed, said: "It appeared tome as if something caught tire in the paintshop and some of the burning oil dropped down on the schooner Katie Me. In a few minutes she was in flames and the mooring lines burned through. The eddy caught the scow and she drifted slowly along the side of the wharf toward the open bay. Every time «he touched the structure a tongue of dame and a den.«e black smoke sprang up, and in a shorter time than it takes me to tell it the whole structure was one mass of flame. The Katie Me's anchor caught in one of the piles and held her there. My boys went to the assistance of the crew and with some difficulty rescued them all." Folsom-street pier was only just com pleted and the Oceanic Steamship Com pany took po; session yesterday. Captain Howard, superintendent of the bi^ con cern, had already sent from Pacific-street wharf all the gangplanks, purchase-blocks and pear, cargo planks ami cargo shoots, and in fact all the paraphernalia con nected with the landing and shipping of passengers and cargo on an ocean liner. The io^s to the company comes at a very bad tima, as the bi-; Aii tranan liner Moana, which was due to-morror, arrived last night. All the burned gear will have to be replaced before she can b? docxed at that pier. Captain Howard said last night: "Wliat tli« Oceanic Company * lo*s will be 1 cannot tell until I know just what is lost. Whatever it is, however, 1 suppose we will have to stand it, a- none of oar gear was insured. Everything had been rcoved from Pacific-street whan down here with the exception of a few personal effects, the company's safe and beaks and Bum. (Bum is the office wat.ch'losr, and a more faithful brute never guarded a wharf.) \Vell, now, I suppose vv will have to coniinua in our old quarters, and the opening of a lree market on Pucitic-*ireet wharf wili have to be postponed." When the tire was raging at its fiercest the scene was an awe-inspiring one. The names rose from the entire surface of the building, and the heat from the burning mr, creosote, oil and turpentine was blis tering. Time and again the firemen at tempted to approach, but were driven back by the intense heat. One of them remarked as he poured a bucket of water over him elf, "We should have Shadrach, Meshak and Abedtiegc — those lellows whom Nebuchadnezzar. threw into a seven times heated furnace and who walked through the while heat, here, and then we might hope for success." But iv«