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BUDGET OF NEWS FROM THE ORIENT Japanese Mat - Makers Indulge in Dire Threats. Will Ship Their Material and Men Into This Country. Arsrry Comments on the Hawaiian Question— Rab^l Successes in the Philippines. "., °• • VANCOUVER, B. C, June 80.— The steamship Empress of China, which ar rived here to-cluy from the Orient, brings the following mail advices: A largely attended gathering of mat and malting manufacturers was held at OKayama some months aero, at which the provisions of the new United States tariff were discussed. It was (hen resolved that should the United States enforce what would prove practically a prohibitive duty on Japaneso mats and matting a syndi cate of manufacturers would carry the war into the enemy's care p by start ing a Japanese mat factory in the United States, materials and labor to be sent there from Japan. Oi June 6 an other meeting was held, and it was re solved to carry the scheme into execution. Many other manufacturers will adopt the same plan. The loss is reported of the Norwegian steamer Sultan on a reef near Newchwang. She left Shanghai for the latter place on May 23, and it was on the return journey that the accident happened. Laying of a submarine telegraph line through the Kurile Islands is in progress. The steamer Okinawa Maru will under take the work. The Russian authorities have resolved to spend 600,000 roubles on extending the defense works at Vladivostok, and to ex pend 700,000 roubles on further armaments at the fortresses there. All Japanese papers contain columns ridiculing the idea of the United State?, "a country Jriendiy to Japan," interfering in the strained relations between Japan and Hawaii. All unite In condemning the action of the Government. The Ko kumisi gives an outline of the last instruc tions sent to Minister Suimamuraat Hon olulu after the receipt of the reply from Hawaii. T nis "outline," however, is very vague. ] t is set out that the communication Ironi Hawaii is not couched in terms of such courtesy as should be observed between nations, and the conviction is expressed that thii attitude on the part of so insig nificant a State is due to its possession or expectation of outside support. It must bo plain, it says, that from the outset Jr.pan desired and hoped to settle the present question in an amicable fashion, end did not. intend to resort 10 force. Further, Japanese emigrants are going to South America and other countries, where a cordial welcome has been extended to them. It :s suggested, finally, that tne Hawaiian Government should give the matter a little more consideration. Another letter has been received and translated by tne Japan Advertiser, dated from the rebel encampment at Balenke pang. The writer asserts tnat the Spanish losses have been most serious, and he gives details of several battles. On the first day of the attack on Canite the Span ish death list amounted to '200, and on th«» following day 400, when the rebels retired owing to lack of ammunition. At Selang tbe royalists left 200 dead on the field, the insurgents capturing many horses and a great quantity of provisions and ammuni tion, with the colors of the royalists. At Marinas the royalists lost I<XK> men, in cluding two liald officers, many rifles and a large amount of ammunition. In their two attacks on Bakao, San Franoisco ile Malaben their lo3s was no less than 1700 men, the rebels having 387 killed and wounded in tbe first assault. This place also had to be evacuated owing to am munition running short. The capture of Idang cost the Spaniards over 200 killed and wounded. In the attack on Noveletia a lad of 12 years, Juan Villanneva, distinguished Himself by extraordinary courage, dying at the foot of the batteries after killing a number of royalist troops. An assistant in the Spanisn army honpita! affirms that in the registration book, which contains the names only of officers, eighty-three were entered as wounded In the engage ments. The writer continues: "A town in Tambales has just risen in rebellion, also another town in Is!a de Negros and another in Tayabas. We are jastatthe beeinning. we nave left the province of Cavite and are now in the neighborhood of Manila, within an honr's drive of the city, and the Spanish Gov ernor-General and the commanner-in chief of the army has announced the end of the Philippine rebellion! With what intention? "Unable to bear any longer the cruel treatment we were driven to start the revolution with only nine efficient guns and a few knives ami bamboos. Now that we have neariy 10,000 Remineton and Mauser rifles, taken from the Spani«li soiaiers, the end is more distant. We shall never be able to forget the massacre of hundreds of our illustrious patriots, nor the outraging and murder of our help less mothers and sisters and children. No decree, no promise, no proclamation from the Snanish will induce us to surrender. Viva Philippinas libre!" The district of Lotingchow, China, has been practically captured by robbers. One hundred and twenty houses have been looted, often in broad daylight, anil the local authorities are at the robbers' mercy. The Government has been asked to send a force of militia to kill them off. All the vessels of the Japanese standing FQiiadron have been concentrated around Goto Islands, under sealed orders, while Beveral more war vessels are being daily added to the fleet. Tne cause has not been made public. A vigilance committee in the town of Arima, Japan, is banded together by sol emn obligations to burn down all gam bling-houses where it is discovered there is a. game going on. The plague is fast approaching Hong kong and English residents are alarmed. It has broken out in Canton, Swatow and fiJoceo. close to the city. A French - Chinese newspaper says: "The A'bions are alarmed, poor English men ! We have seen how little they were concerned when Chinese were dying. They were piled in junks, the dying and dead, and sent off. Let them die in China, not here, said they. "An Englishman cannot tolerate a Chinaman to kick the bucket from such a dirty disease on the soil of her most gracious Majesty. This is the way they understand their duty to humanity, and send missionaries to preach humanity and love to their iellow-oeinijs. In Hong kong nothing has been done to make the Chinese section wholesome. We had a French specialist on the plague who did much good in visiting all the sick, but be smoked and did not come in state with his robes of office. The Enclishmen wanted more style and dignity and tired him." Then follow statistics of a very large percentage of cured cases credited to Dr. Yeison, the French specialist referred to. To Slock Zaca hmhe >tith Jitack Baa*. BALLAKP, Cal., Jun« 30.~Through LIVERMORE'S GODDESS OF LIBERTY. An Interesting Feature of the Fourth of July Celebration Will Be the Reading of the Declaration of Inde pendence by Miss Leah McLeod. LIVERMORE, Cal., June 30.— The Nation's birthday will bs celebrated at Liyer more next Monday in grand style. There will be the usual sunrise salutes and tbe clanging of fire and church bells. In the procession in the morning will be firemen, societies and business men. Many fine floats are being prepared representing historic scenes of old days and the different businesses in this locality and Pleasanton. There will be numerous games in the open air, including bicycle and hose-carriage races. The lanr.fi pavilion has been prepared, decorated and fitted with electric lights and gas, where over a thousand people wUI dance during the day and night. Literary ex ercises will be held in the pavilion after the procession. Nearly $10C0 has been sub scribed by citizens, the Supervisors and Town Trustees toward making this tbo grand est celebration held in eastern Aiameda County. With the reduced rates given by the raiiroad company many people are expected from abroad. The Declaration of Independence will be read by Miss Leah McLeod. The young lady is a native of Livermore, about 19 years of age, a former pnpil of the public school and a very fine elocutionist. She is the youngest daughter of A. J. McLeod, one of Livermore's oldest citizens, and has for the past two years held the position of clerk in the post office here. the efforts of Congressman Barlow Zaca Lake, which will soon be set aside, with surrounding unsurveyed lands, as a Na tional park, is to be stocked with black bass by the United States Fish Commis sioners. Zaca Lake lies fifteen miles north of Ballard. LOS ANGELES ENDEAVORERS. Making Elaborate Arrangements for Ihe Reception of Their Visitors From the East. LOS ANGELES, Cal., June 30.— The local Christian Endenvorers are making extensive plans to receive and entertain the thousands of that organization who are expected to visit Los Angeles. The reception committee of the City Union of Christian Endeavorers is composed of two representatives, male and female, from each of the twenty-eight societies which comprise tne union. All of the pians for the reception of the incoming delegates have been arranged. The reception committees have been di vided into sub-committee?, one of wbich will meet the trains at San Bernardino and Colton ; while the other will be located at the passenger stations in the city. When the trains arrive each carload will be in charge of and accompanied by one member of the committee, who will con duct Hip delegates to the headquarters at the Y. M. C. A. room?, where others of the committee will be stationed whose duty will consist only in furnishing such information as to hotels, lodging-houses and places of public interest as the dele gates may require. The statement previously published, to the effect that there is a scarcity of sleep ing-cars, and that the Southern Pacific was unable to supply cars or berths for use of delegates going from Southern Califor nia, turns out to have been a mistake. The railroad has already furnished a solid train of sleeping-cars to leave Lob Angeles on Monday evening at 7 o'clock. GBANTtPA UVKKAXX'H JLLKESB. The Old Gentleman la Bedridden at ■ ■ Los Angeln. LOS ANGELES, Cal., June 30.— 01 d Thomas Durrani, a cobbler in this city, enjoys the doubtful distinction of being the grandfather of Theodore Durrant. He is 70 years old and was never heard of outsde his immediate family circle until he became suddenly famous as the relative of the accused murderer. The old man has from the first maintained a belief In the innocence of his grandson, and was j>o confident of the young man's ultimate release that he laid plans to have Theodore come to Los Angeles to practice medicine. The old man is now bedridden and has not been at his shop in the past five weeks, it is said he was prostrated nbout the time Theodore was taken to San Q'len tin, for then for the first time his iiopes were shattered. Grandfather Durrant has in his long life accumulated a small competence, and this ne was willing to devote to the work of setting up his grand son in business. Now that the old man's recovery i* doubtful his son William, the father of Theodore, has been notified and is expected to arrive soon at the bedside of his sire. OIL &UPPLA*TISQ COAL. Southern California Jiailroad People Jilat'd . Or'r.'Af to JJltcoreritit. LOS ANGELES, Cal., June 30.— The Santa Fo Kailroad lines on the Pacific Coast will soon be independent of oil com bines and can burn ail the liquid fuel they require and on an ; economical basis. The Southern California company contem plated abandoning the burning of oil in locomotives, but as a last resort did some exploiting for oil on its own lands at Fullerton. The experiment has been sue* cessful and the railroad people are elated over the progress being made. They have one well producing a good : yield and to day the second well becan a most profit able flow. ' The orosptcts . are . that ; I the company's wells will soon yield all the oil needed on the lines, but oil is bo much cheaper than coal that its use for locomo tives may be extended over the entire system. v, '-... : . ; Lumoore Citizen Die* at Portland. HANFORD, Cal., June 30. — Frank Berry Fox of Lemoore, a well-known citizen of this county, died at Portland yesterday. He bad been in apparently good health un til a short time ago when he was troubled with a slisrht attack of heart disease, he went to Portland, thinking a change of climate would do linn good, but got worse and died at 1:30 o' clock yesterday after noon. Ho was 42 years old, a native of Indiana, and leaves a wife and three children. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, THURSDAY, JULY 1, 1897. EUREKA'S COMING WATER CARNIVAL Humboldt Bay Will Be the Scene of Many Novelties. Design for the Queen's Barge Is Borrowed From the World's Fair. Grand Nlgrht Parade of Floats and Other Craft Amid Dazzling Illuminations. EUREKA, Cal, Jun« 30.— Attractive as every feature of the comine three days' celebration promises to be the Venetian Water Carnival, which will be given on the bay Saturday night, is exciting more genuine interest than anything else in the patriotic demonstration. This is due to the novelty of the affair as well as the ex tensive preparations which the committee in charge has been making. The bay affords unparalleled facilities for present ing an illuminated display of this kind, and it is on the principal floats that the committee has placed a great part of its attention. The idea for the Queen's barge was taken in some measure from MacMonine's famous World's Fair fountain design. The barge will b9 built on the galley type and be 3« feet long and 12 feet wide. The queen will ha seated on a chair of siate, placed on an elaborate pedestal. Below her the maids will be placed. On each Bide, near center of the float, three oarsmen in uniform will be stationed. A herald at the bow and a rudderman at the helm will complete the retinua of the water queen. The queen will be attired in white and croen and the maids will be dressed in the Venetian color*. _ The barge, beautifully decorated in bril liant colors and adorned with lanterns, bearing the Queen and her maids, will be followed by another float hardly less at tractive representing the State's relation to the nation. Next will come the busi ness floats, bay steamers, sailing craft, etc. The illuminated parade will pass in re view before the bandstand, which is to be placed about 200 feet from the wharf, and on which the judges will be stationed. Miss Carrie Chope will act as Queen, and the following young ladies will assist as maids of honor: Lorene aud Lizzie Gregor, Ita Harris, Verde McCann, Blanche and Bertie Johnston, Shirley Taylor, Olive Sawielle and Mabel Phares. Celia Stone and Winifred Fry will repre sent the statuary. A* AHUtOSA SA.IA.LITY. J. F. Aetherton Ihrown front Hit Hors* ... . JV«nr Me* a .City. PHO3N IX, Abiz., June 30.— J. F. Nether ton, one of the .' best known citizens of Arizona,' was thrown from his horse this alternoon, near Mesa City and died within a few hours. Mr. Netherton came here from California in 1889. He was successively editor of the Phceriix Gazette. Superintendent of Public Instruction for the Territory, and until the end of the present school year Superintendent of Pnblic Schools at Yumn. ; , :■]'.'. ; He was ridinjs horseback to-day when the animal stopped suddenly at the ao proach of I some cattle. ':y : Nethertoa. was turown head foremost, crushing the skull breakine his ', nose , and v lacerating both eyes. . Dr. Hughes was telegraphed for and several local physicians ' were called ; in, . but z medical \ and ' surgical aid * could not save him. : ? rttmor-d Uruignatlon of Kruegnr, LONDON, Eno., June 30.— 1t is rumored here to-day that President Kraeper of the Boer republic threatens to resign. The result of ini.s is a drop in Kaffir stocks. The fac-simik y/frrT"" *■ on evei T •ignature of wta^/f^McZiC of ASTORIA. CREAMERY BURNED AT STOCKTON Costly Butter - Making Machinery Badly Damaged. Skimming Stations at Lodi and Lathrop Closed as a Result. One Hundred Persons Affected, Including Farmers and Employes. STOCKTON, Cal., June 30.— The cream ery located on Union street, between Main and Market, is almost in ruins, having been partly destroyed by fire last night. The origin of the blaze i 3 un known. From indications it is supposed to have started in the office, and there is a theory that it was caused by th« tele phone-box taking fire. When a telephone wire crosses an electric-light or a power wire it receives a itrons current and con veys it into the telephone-box, which is set afire by the wire-coils around the magnets becoming while hot. Tl:e flames were discovered at about 11 o'clock by Night Watchman Ahem ol the Southern .Pacific station. A dense volume of smoke was issuing from the roof. Aliern turned in an alarm and the Fire Department responded promptly, but the flames could not be extinguished until they had destroyed all the woodwork in the interior of the structure and partly burned the roof and the walls. The build ing itself was comparatively of little im portrnce, being but a one-story frame structure, but it contained costly machin ery used in butter- making, and this was damaged by the heat. Whether it was ruined or not is yet unknown. The creamery co3t $5150 originally, con tract price, and s;nce then an addition had been put on and some other improve ments made. It was insured lor $4000. A thousand dollars' worth of additional ma chinery was to be put in in a day or two, but luckily it had not been taken from the steamboat wharf. The burning of the creamery causes the closing down of the two skimming sta tions at Lodi and Lathrop, which supplied it with cream. About 100 feisons aie af fected, including farmers and others who sold milk to the skimming stations. The institution was just getting well under way and beginning to maKe money. The creamery will probably be rebuilt as soon as a settlement is made with the insur ance company carrying the risk. KBSO-GAM li UISAGy ETS. Stockton falcon Jllen Jfeclnre Them to lea Crying £rit. STOCKTON, Cal., June 30.— An effort Will be made soon to have a hijjh license placed on the business of running fceno games, if a movement which has been started comes to anything. There are three games in full blast now, and it is claimed by a prominent rfaloon man that $iOOO changes bands nightly at ttiese resorts. From $10 to $12 is in the pot and there is a game every beven minutes. Among those who are opposed to i be unrestricted run ning of keno are the great majority of the saloon men. Some of them waul, to have a license tax of $100 a month placed on the games. . A SAN JOSE MOTHER'S DESPAIR. Abandons Har Babe at N ght and Leaves a Note Stating That She Contem plates Se.l-DestrucJ.on. SAN JOSE, Cal., June 30.— A heart broken mother, confronted with poverty and perhaps driven to despair by other afflictions, to-night resorted to the sad ex pedient of deserting her babe where strangers might get possession of it, and in a patheiic little letter expressing her determination to end- her own lile. About 8 o'clock this evening the resi dents in the vicinity of St. James and Santa Terres3a streets noticed a woman with a bundle loitering about in a peculiar manner. The evening being warm there were many people on the verandas and the woman's actions were the subject of considerable comment. At last, with a furtive glance about, she disappeared in the passageway by the side of the resi dence at 2154 St. James street, and when she emerged the package was not appa rent. She hurried down the street and was soon lost in the darkness. Jefferson Gruewell, who resides oppo niie the passageway referred to, was among those who watched the woman, and her maneuvers excited his suspicions. Hur rying to the placs he found the bundle tuckea close to the fence. He picked it up and was startled to find something warm and apparently animated within. He hastily took his rind to his residence, where closer inspection proved it to be a sleeping infant, clean and bright looking, but vorv poorly dressed. To its clothing was attached a note written on both sides of a scrap of paper- bag. With it was a 50-cent piece. The note read : Name my little girl Violet and tßke good care of her, and when you look at her just think oi a dying mother's broken heart, for she Is dead lons before morning. And thisso tents I lay on her breast is the last cent I have, but give it ;o her, and when she grows up tell her that mamma left her the 50 cents wnen life was almost out of her body. Tako good care of my precious little darling, and if there is such a place as heaven before morning I will be watching over her. Oh, my God in heaven, protect my little darling from all harm. I could die more contentedly if I only had some money to leave with her; but, oh, my God, my God, I pray for the best. I only wish she could have joined me in rest forever. The efforts of members of the household to awaken the baby proved futile, and, fearing the child had been drugged, Dr. Charles Hallutzel was summoned. The fears proved ungrounded, however, and the baby eventually awoke, bright and happy. The little one is a brunette about three weeks oJd. Nothing about its clothing, which was of poor material and crudely made, suggested its identity. The police have no clew to th« woman. A little girl attempted to follow her. but became frightened as she drew away from her home and abandoned the pursuit. liEMKESI'S PEItIODICAI, COM Jlcdiiccv.-.rnl at the Lick Observatory by . :•"»: '■'. i'rofistor Perrine. i' SAN JOSE. Cal., June 30.— The Deir rest periodical comet was rediscovered at the Lick Observatory yesterday morning , by C. D. Perrine and again observed > tnis morning. : Its position on June '28 was 23 hours 25 minutes Green wich'mean time; right ascension, 2 hoars 1 minute 24.55 seconds; declination, north ■• 6 degrees 13 minutes 31 seconds. v. ""•< . ~ ;: ; '-* This observed position of the comet ) is about 4 minutes preceding and 5 minutes of arc south of its calculated place. 5 ,; This is one of the short-period comets and was discovered in 1851 ; by the man whose name it bears. It was observed on its last return to the sun in 1890, but wes not discovered until several months after it should have attained its greatest bright ness, although carefully searched for. The present discovery is somewhat sim ilar, as the comet should have passed closest to the sun and been brightest aboat a month ago, but was not found then. The comet is faint as seen with a twelve inch telescope, is about 2 minutes of arc In diameter and somewhat irregular in form, with a slight extension north pre ceding. Ii has a faint condensation but no nucleus. It is just discernible with a three and one- fourth inch telescope using a very low power. ALL E It O.V VBRAST. The San Jose Xurdrr r Jm))rMi(ii With • ; 3 heodnre'M Vanity. bAN JOSE, Cal., June 30.— Murderer Harvey Ailender, after being sentenced to be hanged September 2, smoked a ciga rette and aired his views before starting for San Quentin. "Yes, I meet Durrant every day," said he. "You wouldn't think he U such a man as would do what he did. He in too much of a Christian, bat he thinks he is the rinest looking man in the prison. He is jealous of Close be cause an artist made a picture oi Close and said be was a fine looking man. "Oh, my case doesn't bother me much. The 3a of September is a long way off yet. It would make a whole lot of difference if I had got off that other handcuff yes terday. They never would have me to hang if there hadn't been some squealing. And I know who told that I had that key, too. "I don't think they are giving me a fair shake by rushing me down here and rush ing me back. A good many of my friends would like to call on me, but they thought I might de kept here a few days, so they expected to call after to-day. Well, I'm in the hands of the law, you see, and I can't be as free an agent as 1 would like to be." AX LXTESSIVE BWISDLKR. Bold Operation* of William Smith, Jrre*ted at Santa Crux. BAN JOSE, Cal., June 30.— William Smith, who was arrested at Santa Cruz yesterday for passing a worthless check for $50, is wanted in this county for duping a number of persons in adjoining subur ban towns by the same methods. A complaint was sworn to before Jus tice Wiliey at Gilroy to-day charging him with passing a worthless cbecK on Wil liam Payne. The check was for $20 and was drawn on the First National Bank of this city. A few days ago Smith went to Morgan Hill and made arrangements with the hotel tnere to board a gang of men stringing telephone wires, of which be claimed to be foreman. After making arrangements be presented a check signed by John Smith, which Payne cashed. Smith is also wanted at Los Gatos for beating a board bill. He bad no money when no arrived at the Los Gatos Hotel and deposited a $103 check with Charles Gertridge, the proprietor, to secure his board. Alter running up a $15 bill he left. Investigation proved the check worthless. It is believea that there are numerous other victims of Smith in the surrounding towns. Arrctted on a Chnrgt of Insanity. RAN JOSE, Cal., June .%.— Dr. A. L. Roper, & young Englisli physician who has been visiting Edward Le Quesne near Saratoga, has been arrested on a charge of insanity. Since coming here he has been very despondent and has developed a suicidal mania. In San Francisco he made an attempt to buy a pistol to kill himself, and in the last few days has tried to obtain poison for the same purpose. He has only been in America six weeks. PACIFIC GROVE SNEAKTHIEF. A We II- Dressed M,ddle-Agid Woman Is Nearly Caught in the Ac', but Drops Out of S.ghf. PACIFIC GROVE, Cal., June 30.— The presence of a woman sr.eakthief in town has somewhat stirred the quietude of this little city, and many who have Deen lulled into careless attention to bolts and locks by the fact that thieving is an un heard of thing here are finding lost keys and screwing up loose bolts. For the past ten days persons in all parts of town have missed small and large articles of greater or less value, the disappearance of which seemed quite unaccountable, ana the "Lost" bulletins in the postoffice now nearly cover one end of the building. Yesterday afternoon Mrs. Mack, who lets furnished rooms to summer visitors, was awakened from a nap by a slight noise and found a well-dressed, middle aged woman standing in her bedroom. The woman seemed embarrassed, but apologized, saying she was looking for rooms. Mrs. Mack then showed her rooms and the woman, not being suited, went away. She nad scarcely disappeared when Mrs. Mack discovered that her bureaus and two trunks had been ran sacked and several articles of value taken therefrom. She immediately gave the alarm, but no trace of the thief could be found and she has not been since heard of. ,:' MILL -VALLhi ■ BE>EJ?IT .For the . Wldoiv* and Orphan* of San '■-. „ JFranelt'eo ' Firtmen. ', Df. yl ■ MILL VALLEY, Cai,, Jane 30—George T. Marsh, owner "of the "celebrated .Jap anese village in Mill . Valley, has made arrangements to give a baaefit , on his property for the widows and orphans of the firemen who met their death in the big ; fire that destroyed ; the Standard Cracker Company's building in San Fran cisco. The Drogramrne prepared is at tractive, and it i-s expected that many people wiil take ad van tag aof the oppor tunity to roam at will over tiie unique grounds and" Bee tl)« Japanese village. Mr. Marsh's beautiful grounds have never b en thrown open vto the pnblic before. The entertainment will take place Mon day, July 5, from 2to 10 p m. A literary and musical procramme will be render^. r-'. NEW/ TO-DAY. ;": THE** & CONSUMER IS BLOWING THE HOR^ FOR.* V Blatz STAR Raai* Milwaukee I JVVA Because he cannot help liking it, and we continue to maintain its ; : '/, high \ standard to keep him a-blowing. \ Call for Blatz. See that "Blatz" is on the Cork. VAL.BUTZ BREWING CO. MILWAUKEE, w'lS., If, S. A. Louis Cahen & Son, Wholesale Dealers, 416-418 Sacramento St., San Francisco. • Z Telephone Main 416. : . ' HIGHLAND GRANGE LECTURE COURSE Professor Bioletti on Feed and Growth of Plants. Parasitic and Non-Parasitic Diseases and Their Remedies. The Numerous Questions Asked by Farmers Show Their Interest In the Subject. • > WRIGHTS, Cal., June 30.- Continuing bia course of lectures at the Highland Grange Summer School of Husbandry and Economics Tuesday F. T. Bioletti of the State University spoka in part as follows: Yesterday I spoke of the plant ce'.l. To-day I will explain how the feeding and growth of ihe plant takes place. Each of the main parts of the plant Has its appropriate functions. Tho roots supply water and food materials found ia the ground. The items support the leaves, carry the food to different parts of the plant and store up reserve food. The leaves take up and assimilate plant food from the air, and act as the lungs of the plant in respiration. The ioodof the plant is thus derived from two sources — ihe soil au J the air. From the soil, by means of its roots, are taken up all the mineral elements, such as iron, potash, phos phorus and nitrogen, needed for plant life. The tips of .ha rootlets ere protected in their passage through the ground by little thimble likc root caps. Behind those caps for about an inch is the real absorbam surface of the root lets. This surface is immensely re-enforced Dy tiay root hairs which grow out of the outer cellsof the root. These are single cells; are ver? delicate and absorb over their whole sur face. They are continually dying, while new ones grow out In new places, thus tapping dif ferent places in the soil waere new food mate rial may be found. We vill now inquire how these root hairs absorb food, fn the most uioroughl v drained soil mere still remains some moisture. This exists as a thin film of water, closely investing each particle of the soil and held there by cohesion. It is known as the hygroscopic water of the soil, and is the medium by which the plant hairs nb3orb their food. This film dissolves the food elements found in the soil and passes through the eel] walls of the plant hairs by osmosis. Osmosis is the property which solid substanc.s have when dissolved in v liquid of passing through an animal or vegetflDle membrane, such as a cell wall, in which tne microscope can reveal no holes or pores. By this same process the food material passes to all parts of the plint. Anotheriunc tiou of the root hairs n the absorption of water. From the air is taken up and assimilated by the leaves by far the larger part of the solid material iv the plant. All the starch, sugar, cellulose, cork and ligim, non-m:neral food ingredients of the plani, are made exclusively from the carbonic acid eas of the atmosphere. By meausof a most important grsen substance called chlorophyll, which exists in the leaves, tne carbonic acid takeu from the air is con verted into siarch. This, in turn, is con verted iutosugur, which, being easily soluble, nesses to different parts of the plant, as it may be needed by the process of osmosis. This aiternoon Professor Bioletti lec tured on the causes of disease in plants. By the number and variety of the ques tions wnich the farmers frequently asked they showed a wide practical experience with plant diseases and an eagerness to learn all they could from the lecturer which would assist them to become good plant doctor*. Professor Bioletti said : In brief, tbero are two general classes oJ disease in plants— parasitic and non-paragitie, or such as are caused by adverse conditions. For practical purposes a plant disease may tie .looked upon as anything wnich^iqjures th«^ j&arkcl I <-TTnTTrrf .^■^>jw*r^ It is usually the case that sereralcanits ffll JJjLJI^'J* M'JjL IL*- iUj . jjl ti "lWi l " l g'l H Jltti f lFJ.r »W Uli"> h»"i. i J .». ■ -»_ ■ 1 ... i^t'-v'-. -.- *r -~- "■ •vy*'v < ** % ** * * v - ?*j~ ■.*■■• ■. «.i >^ ■C. v ''' ?**"-- '--«••-•■'•. •!»■*.«« «•. *•-*• V«^*!*. J •», \- v % '--i-sC-^^ «, : **' '■ v i % s tt / °- " v^ '" ",;.". s£o^y ■ ■ "W^»:-- : n nocare ■^^Sf-^ ' ••'■ ■ j^-." '• #j^-i'- with no, gv^^F"^. •- Ml± ••.'•' attention, ==rv -. #> s . <^A . .an orchard' •^iSL ' ' "'" "' ' _ak would soon »E-. ■• '••'■'■^^i^ - S^ V > be ruined— so .^l* • ■ "^ > «° 10l ' with man - Ev - i—=>— -» w^r- — " cry man needs . \"^^. '$j£& ' that careful watch- A ( . ™*ifcr~-\ '. _'. , l^-—^ fulness that is so ne- yfj A%fe: cessary to plant life. U * r ~ %&s!&}> ' *W\ m This being so, how is it f£&^ w^ y° u ' y° un S man? - \..y? . ' T&w&^J Have you debilitated or im- ■ . '^^^^ poverished . your -^ '"blood ?i £§k i — Have you dissipated away the 1 t?~- - «J?i# 'M'^A forces that go • ' to i make V life? ' x T«rip* )• Have you overworked yourself? ■•^*^T. •■.•<• •^•^ Have you harassed your nerves 10 V i ~~ "" i^JMMtfl& re y° u novv ! n a condition wavering a&vtz , '^fjjffiffl between despondency and utter col- fgtsftr : TV^^: lapse ? .If these conditions exist, then be wise — seek help. Either place your- self in the hands of a skillful, scientific man, or take the certain cure caIIed. HUDYAN.- You will find it to your best interests to use the HUDYAN remedy-treatment. Before you fully 40,000 men have used successfully this discovery. Yes, and 10,000 of these men say in black and white, "We are cured men." ■ The others gave their testimonials, but not for publication. You will find the trueessence of life in this treatment. You will find HUDYAN to be ; perfectly harmless. Sup- pose it is a fact that the organs of the body are weak and < need toning, HUDYAN is just the remedy-treatment for you. . ' HUDYAN cures Nervous Debility, Lost Manhood.jNeurasthenia and those peculiar dis- , orders of men. You can alwaysj consult the Hudson Doctors free. Write for Circulars and Testimoni als. , : ' '■ . . ■/ : j- — * HUDSON MEDICAL INSTITUTE, • Corner Ellis and^aiiet-Streets. San Francisco, Cal. 5^225 S2 I ON First> Secondary a Tertiary forms of Blood Poison or Tainted BLOOD POISON-Blood SUally comes with falling hair, loosening teeth, bleary S. 22S E2 o ON ~ red eyfcS ' sores in mouth sores in throat and copper-colored ! 5!r22SE2SS^^^ ; Are you in this condition? If so, get cured. The cer- -5^225 £9 ISON - cure is calle <l *»c 30- Day Cure. It arrests poison at BLOOD POISON-once. Write for .^Daylßlood Circulars. • fombiD<|to injure the plant where one acUnu alSe°PuW not produce any appreciabll harm - j»us ■ the ' plant m . b V veafeen ed by ■ insuffic! " drainage and an insect attack uDOii i thEcn occur which the plant in its weak cred itton cannot resist. The same thing mav -be&served in tne case of human beings, «« -whofe typhoid fever caused by impure wntprXnly attacJts a town, and while mak ine frifSuui ravages among the people in one ivirt will secure no foothold in another p&rt where tjba inhabitants have observed .better • saniurTrules and aro more cleanly ana in U t h*'aseof a frost at'ack, it was formerly . thou«hs:hat the iojury consisted only In the ruSturfcff or breaking >of the plant cell., caused tf the expansion of the water in tna n*ant iFircezing.-- But this is not the whole of the^iatter. In toe freezing process water . ?8 absTrS Ed f rom the protoplasm in the cell. i id tl. changes its chemical nature, isow, if tne frlzing has not been too great and the >.n, iTinawed out gradually and not too rap- Pnfr \ it, expressed water will be reatsotbed . and ' "Spla" m wul not ba killed. This I, ■ fho theery now held of the efficacy of smudge*. In m.nv cases also, the irreatest injury i s Hnn° «f er the' frost is over-when tne me. ' nh^ioii iniu-y to the tissue allow* the en. . • SSSS bacteria! which often kills the whole • "m'asuous 3 ca'es of sour sap have recently occurred in Me ndoclno and Sonoma counn es 5^ « this cause The remedy is to preTeut re invasion of" bacteria until the plant h» s r^oa red tne Physit-M injury by removing the T . p TMitPn pans. Where this cannot be done t ha« been proposed to spray the plants wuh Bordeaux mUture or some such fungicide. The disease of black knot was discussed at lennth by the lecturer and farmers and ?he non-parasitic disease of .chlorosis, which is a condition of the plant when it. Sis to produce the all-important chloro iXv-f The condition of hunger and Fhirst in Plants ana the causes which pro duce theS and the effects of sucking and boring Insects were explained. Nex Monday evenine a dramatic and musical recital will be given at the Granga Hall. DEATH OF A BRAVE OFFICER. Robert Kmnedy Succumbs to Paralyse at Redd ing— A Terror to Shas'.a Count/ Criminals. REDDING, Cal., June 30.— Ror>ert Ken nedy, one of the most prom'nent citizens of Shasta County and at one time one of her bravest officers, died to-day at his home in this city. Kennedy bad held various offices and positions of trust xn the county. For eleven years be served faithfully as Under Sheriff, under Sylvester Hull, and during that period dealt with some of the most noted criminals that wera ever placed behind San Quentm's bars. It was Kennedy who captured and ar rested Sheet-Iron Jack, Shorty Hayes, Jack Thompson and other noted outlaws, two of whom are still serving terms in the I State prison. When the band of highwaymen of ! which Shorty Hayes was a member was I rounded up Kennedy was tee leader and i effected their capture. Before the capture was effected, how | ever, bis own life^was in jeopardy, and it | is said that Shorty Hayes himself was the ! cause of Kennedy living through that i raid. The rest of tha gang would have put I an end to his life had not Hayea inter i ceded. During Cleveland's hrst administration Kennedy was appointed receiver of the United States Land Office at Shasta in 1886. In 1887 he was stricken with paralysis on one side, and since then has been al most helpless and speechless, except for the occasional utterance cv one or two short words. About a year ago he re ! ceived another paralytic stroke, and his [ friends removed him from Shasta to this I city, where they built him a home and j cared for him. I He continued to er&dually grow worse, until death relieved him from all suffer ing. He was a native of Ireland, aged 64 years and never was married. Sentenced to B« Banged,! NELSON, B. C, June 30.— James "Wood has been sentenced to bang in six weeks '..'.%. .b»nr:-ur(lcr of 8. D. Woods last Octo ' her.