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VOLUME LXXXII.-NO. 46.
PEARY'S NORTHERN JOURNEY Plans of the Explorer to Reach the Pole Complete. CERTAIN OF ULTIMATE SUCCESS. If Failure Is the Result of This Expedition He Will Try _ Again. READY TO SAIL FOR GREENLAND . ON iHE HCPF. Scientists and Others Who Accom pany the Li utenant In tho Haz ardous Under tak.ng. BOSTON, Mass., July 15.— Lieutenant R. E. Peary arrived in this city to-day, and was disappointed not to find his ship, the whaler Hope, ready to receive him. She is somewhere between here and St. Johns, >'. F. 'the heavy weather of the past few days has delayed the ship. "I shali not now begin my trip to Greenland until Saturday noon," said L eutenant Peary to The Call corre spondent. "The Hope has not yet arrived, but ii she gets here to-night I think I shall be ready to sail on Saturday. With the exception of the non-arrival of tl c Hope none of my plans have miscarried. "T**e various parties which will ac company me on the nip are ready to be gin the journey. I will go first to Sydney, Cape Breton, where coal will be taken in. Then I sh. 11 steam on across the Gulf of St. Lawrence and through the Straits of Belle Isle, up the Labrador c_a.t to Turnavik Island, and from there to Baf fin Laud, on Resolution Island. The Wnghtington whaling party and outfit will be landed there, and also Russell W. Porter's party. From there we F . across to the Greenland coast, Professor Hitchcock's glacier-studying party will land somewhere near the south ern point oi Greenland. Professor Hitch cock and one of his party will spend the winter in Greenland. Further up the coast Professor Shuch and Professor White, who will go in the ii.ie»e>t of the National Museum to search lor fossils, will be landed. Hugh Lee and his young bride will land here and remain until my return from further north. He was mar ried but a weeK ago, and will spend bis honeymoon in Greenland. Robert Stein of the geoloeicai survey wiil be left at Wil cox Head, where he will gather ethnolog ical matter. "Then the real business of my trip will come in. From Wilcox Head I shall go to Cape York, which is in 76 degrees north latitude. From this point to.a point shout 79 degrees n-rth latitude are the Esquimaux. They will be ready to take ship with their wive.-, their effects, their s ana sledges and go with, me then to a 10, nt at about 83 north latitude, which I expect to mate my base of supplies for the expedition next year. - There I sball establish a regular Esquimaux village. I ■hall have eight or ten families with me. The San Francisco Call That means about twenty ; people, for T" I mean to take all young married men with me. I shall not take those who have chil dren. : 1' . -"'. ; ' "From this point I shall carry on the work I propose to do. This will be the completion of a fall map of the region, and also the reaching of the north pole. At this point I will have five years' pro visions. The ship will carry me from the United States in the summer, laud me and return. Then the next year it will come back and try to reach me. It may not succeed. If it does not, all right; it will return home and try again the next year, when it should succeed. I expect to be able to reach the pole. It is about 400 miles from this point. Mrs. Peary and three-year-old daughter will go with me. I expect we shall return either to Boston or New York about September 25." Those who will accompany Peary on the Hope are:'= Albert Oprti, the well-Known Arctic scenery artist of New York, and SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY MORNING, \ JULY 16, 1897. CALIFORNIA GETS AN AMPLE SHARE Of THE TARIFF CAKE Washington dispatch : One of the California Congressmen is in receipt of most reliable information to the effect that the fruit schedule has been passed by the Conference Committee and that there has been no change in the duty on citrus fruits, olives, prunes, raisins or Zante currants, which will remain as passed by the Senate. The same is said to be true of borax, quick silver and all of the California products. Ctarles A. Moore of Brooklyn, son of Charles Moore, president of the Montauk Club and a member of the firm of Man ning, Maxwell & -Moore. Young Mr. Moore is a student. Also in the party will be Lansing Baldwin, son or a New York businessman; R.D.Perry of Boston; J. i D. Fig_ins of Washington, who will be the taxidermist of the party, and Dr. Frederick Sohon of Washington, who will be the surgeon. SENT TO THE REFORMATORY. G. H. Graham, the "Gentleman Thief," Sentenced to Serve Five Yeaas and One Day. BOSTON, Mass., July 15.— G. H. Griffin was sentenced to five years and one day in the Massachusetts reformatory in the Superior Court to-day on an indictment of two count, charging larceny. Graham is the "gentleman thief" who, when arrested some time aeo, cia mcd that he was well educated and tbe son of ' Commander Graham in the United States ! navy and nephew of Colonel Graham of j the Filth Regiment, U. 8. A., in Califor- I nia. The charges against him wer*» the larceny of eoods valued at $200 from G. B. Smith and the larceny of money and jswelry freni Ella A. Brennan on August 11 amounting to $160. t Graham entered a plea of guilty, anticipating a light sen tence, and was very much surprised and disheartened when sentence was passed. The District Attorney said that he bad been consulted by several persons inter ested in the young man, and, from the facts presented, recommended the reform atory. In passing sentence Judge Ga skill said he thought that if the young man was to have the benefit of the reformatory influence, be should have it for a long j time, and he then imposed sentence. SWALLOWS A. SILVER PENCIL. Sf conti Attempt of J.ihn Scott Oliver to Cnnni'it Suicide. ■ YORK, N.Y., July 15.— John Scott Oliver, the California Deputy Sheriff- who is under indictment for abducting^ a 15 --year-old Brooklyn eirl aod has been in the Tombs trince Monday, was' taken to Bellevue Hospital to-dyto have a silver pencil removed from his stomach. Oliver trie to commit, suicide by swallowing some buttons and a key when he was.ar rested. A watch was kept on him in the Tombs, but" he managed to swallow his silver pencil. At Bellevue the physicians think he is in no danger. • CRITICIZES THE SUGAR TRUST. Major-General Forsyth Demands That the Schedule Be Stricken From the Tariff Bill WASHINGTON, D. C, July 15.— A remarkable petition, signed by Major-General George Forsyth, retired, was presented to the i House yesterday by Representative Belknap of Illinois. It severely I criticizes the so-called sugar trust and demands that the sugar sched ule be stricken from the tariff bill. General Forsyth says the eradi cation of the schedule will not injure the tariff revenue until Congress can adopt a new schedule at its next session. He contends that the object of the trust was to gain money for its originators, and details the method of its formation. He says that between $8,000,000 and $9,000,000 was lost to the Government by the trust rushing in raw sugar during the discussion of the tariff act of 1894. In conclusion Forsyth says the people of the United States are not so in love with the sugar trust that they will tamely submit to Congress presenting the corporation with $16,000,000 of the people's money, especially I when said money will be wrung from them under cover of law and not I a dollar of this immense sum will ever reach the treasury. Congress has always resented any attempt on the part of officers of the army and navy to influence legislation, and the war and navy departments have frequently called an officer to account for interfering with the legislative branch of the Government. For an army officer to actively oppose or favor pending legislation has been' construed by the War Department as a breach of military discipline, and Forsyth's petition may get him into trouble. NEGRO STAMPED TO DEATH. His Body Riddled Wih Bullets and Burned tor the Aw v' Death of fl White Girl. FLORENCE, Ala., July 15.— Tuesday afternoon Miss Rene Williams, ,18 years old, was found brutally murdered in the woods near her home in Westpoint, Term. This afternoon Anthony .WiUianis, her murderer, was .captured near Pruitton, this, county, and at 7 o'clock this evening expiated his crime in .the streets of West point in the presence of 500 people. Wil liams' body was riddled with bullets and burned to ashes. Before the shots .were fired the negro was knocked down by one of the crowd and then stamped to death. After this the crowd fell ; back and those who had pistols fired volley after volley into the body. The crowd : then gathered wood and built the fire on which the corpse was burned. . * .---*" For two days and nights 500 man Pave scoured the country for miles for .Williams. Several times the posse was within shoot ing distance of him, out every time he escaped. , When captured he was within sixteen miles of the scene of his crime. A' man named Clark, to whom be applied for tobacco, suspected him and held him for the crowd. ' 'f'ff "ff • f: ' ;'■ 'd; "'; Miss Williams left home early Tuesday morning to pick f : berries. When she did not return to dinner friends went to search tor her. V. She ; was found *200; yards .from her home dead and -' tied to a sapling with a leather strap around her neck. -One "of her eyes' was 'gouged out. The mob's in tention was to tie him to the same tree he had tied his victim to when he assaulted her, and there give him a torturing death, but the distance was too greet and the mob too impatient. - WEDDED HIS HOUSEMAID. Marriage of Dr. C. £. Cadwallader, Head of One of the Most Exclusive Fam ilies in Pennsylvania. - PHILADELPHIA, Pa., July 15.— Dr. Charles E. Cadwallader, bead of one of the oldest and most exclusive families in Pennsylvania, was married this afternoon to Bridget Mary Ryan, his housemaid. The wedding, which was private, occurred at the old Si. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church in which Dr. Cadwallader had been for many years warden. Dr. Cad wallader traces his lineage back to royal blood. Tbe founder of the family in America helped William . Perm to plan Philadelphia. Wealth,; refinement \ and ultra- exclusiveness have always charac terized (he Cad wall aders. Mr*, pit* iHi mi Front Court. f CHICAGO, . 111., July 15.— Mrs, Edith Staples was dismissed ' from the court to day bon the charge of being an accessory to Charles Nelson's recent shooting. Nelson,. : the r victim,^ is ; recovering. bbTtae police were sure they could ;. bring very little proof aeainst; the woman, and as ' there was . considerable sympathy for her bey save them selves trouble by dismiss ing her* SUBMITS TO THE POWERS. Turkey Pretends to Be Willing to Abide by The r Decision in Settling With Greece. CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, July 15.— The Embassadors yesterday verbally re quested Tewfik Pasha, Minister of Foreign Affairs, to state definitely whether Tur key wouid resume peace negotiations on the basis of tbe proposals made by the powers regarding the establishment of a new frontier. They added that if negotia tions were not resumed on this basis they would be compelled to; inform their Gov ernments that there is no alternative but coercion. To-day Tewfik Pasha declared that the Porte accepted the principle of a strategic frontier. Negotiations will be resumed on Satur day, after the deliberations of tbe mili tary attaches, foreign embassies and Otto man military delegates, who will en deavor to agree upon the proposed frontier. On its face tbe announcement of Tewfik Pasha involves the surrender of Turkey's territorial demands and sub mission to the will of the powers. Eariy :n the negotiations the Embassadors an nounced that the powers would agree to some chances in the frontier between Turkey and Thessaly as might be sug gested by strategic considerations. But Turkey until yesterday demanded the en tire northern third of Thessaly and said she would be content with nothing less than Salambria River ris the southern frontier. Now Tewfik Pasha announces that the Porte accepts the principle of a a rategic frontier, and the negotiations may be resumed on the basis proposed by the powers. yfyf EUGENE V* DEBS, PlUfijl FIVE CENTS. DEBS'NEW ORDER IS WITH US A Local Branch of the Social Democracy Be ing Organized. PROBLEM OF THE UNEMPLOYED. Its Solution to Be the Great Work Undertaken by the Movement, __________ THE DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES. The First Commonwealth May Be Established in the State of Washington. Social Democracy, the new organization fathered by Eugene V. Debs at Chicago less than a month ago, has already se cured a foothold in this City. It has for its object the solution of the problem of work lor the unemployed. . Among those prominent in the move ment in San Francisco are James Taylor Rogers, J. M. Reynolds, C. E. Morse and Roger L. Ryfkuge!. Already a large number of names have been signed to the call for the preliminary . meeting, at which is to be organized the first local branch of the Social Democracy of America. The meeting will probably be held within the next two weeks. The National body was organized at Chicago last month, and on the 21st of June the constitutions of the National, State and local bod C 3 were formally adopted. At the same time the following declaration of prnciples was adopted: ■We hold that all men are born free, and are endowed with curtain natural right.-, among which are life, liberty and happiness. In the lieht of experience we find that while ail citizens are equal in theory, they are not so m lact. While all citizens have the same rights po iticitl.y. this political equality is useless .under the present system of economic ' inequality, wmeh is essentially destructive' of i liie, liberty and happiness. In spito of our political equality, labor is robbed of the wealth it produces. By the development of this sys- I tern it is denied the means of self-employment, and by enforced idleness,, through luck of employment, is even deprived of the neces j saries of life. To the obvious fact that our despotic system j of economics is the direct opposite of our 1 democratic system of politics, can be plainly j traced the existence of a class that corrupts I the Government, alienates public property, I public franchises and public functions and I holds this, the mightiest of nations, ln abject j dependence. I Labor, manual or mental, being the creator of all wealth aud all civilization, it rightfully follows that those who perlorm all labor and create all wealth should enjoy the fruit of their efforts. But this is rendered impossible by the modern system of production. Since the discovery and application of steam and electric powers and tue general introduction of steam in all branches of industry the indus trial operations are carried on by such gi gantic means that but few are now able to pos sess them, and thus the producer is separated from his products. While in former times the individual worker labored on his own account, with his own tools, and was the master of his own prod ucts, now dozens, hundreds and thousands of men work together in shops, mines, lactories, etc., co-operating according to the most ef ficient division of labor, but they «re not the masters of their products. The fruits of this co-operative labor arc, in a great measure, appropriated by the owners of the means of production, to wit, by the owners of ma chines, mines, land and the means of trans portation. This sys'em, by gradually extinguishing tho j middle class, neee.-sarliy leaves but two classes in our country— the large class of I workers and the small class of great employ- I ers and capitalists. Human power and natural forces are wasted by this system wnlch makes "profit" the only object in business. Icuorance and misery, with all concom itant evils, are p Tpetiated by this system, which makes human labor a ware to be bought in the open market and places no real value on human life. Science and invention are diverted from their humane purposes and made instruments for the enslavement of men aud the starvation of women and children. We therefore hold that in the natural course