OCR Interpretation


The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, August 13, 1897, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1897-08-13/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 6

6
to tnrili *** JrKife* w
FRIDAY | AUGUST 18, 1897
CHARLES M. IKIUOb,
Editor ond Proprietor.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES-Postage Free:
Pally and Sunday Call, one week, by carrier..
Daily and Sunday Cai.u one year, by mall 6.00
Daily and Sunday Call, six months, by mail.. 3.00
Daily and Sunday Call, three months by mall 1.50
Daily and Sunday Call, one month, by mail.. .65
Sunday Call, one year, by mail 1.60
WLUlly Call, one year, by mall 1.60
BUSINESS OFFICE:
710 Market Street, •
Fan Francisco, California.
Telephone Maln-1868
EDITORIAL ROOMS:
517 Clay Street.
Telephone Maln-1874
BRANCH OFFICES:
527 Montgomery street, corner Clay: open until
9:30 o'clock.
339 Hayes street: open until 9:30 o'clock.
615 1 arkin street, open until 0:30 o'clock.
s\V. corner Sixteenth and Mission streets, Open
until 9 o'clock.
2518 Mission street, open until 9 o'clock.
1243 Mission street, open until 9 o'clock.
1505 Polk street; open until 9:30 o'clock.
NW. corner Twenty-second and Kentucky
streets; open till 9 o'clock.
OAKLAND OFFICB:
9JB Broadway. •
EASTERN OFFICE:
Rooms 31 and 32, 34 lark Row. New York City
DAVID M. FOI-TZ. Kastern Manager.
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
THE SUMMER MONTHS.
Are you foing to tbe country on a vacation ? If
to. It Is no trouhle for us to forward THE CALL to
your address. Do not let it miss you for you will
miss it. Orders siren to the carrier or left at
Business Office will receive prompt attention.
NO EXTRA CHARGE. Fifty cents per month
for summer months.
A California mining boom is now in or
der. 4
Trinity sees Klondike and goes it a nug
get better.
A continual change in school books is
no way to teach economy to pupils.
It is better to prospect in Caliiornia and
strike a pocket than to go to the Yukon
and be out of pocket.
It is not certain whether the world has
lost Andree or Andree has lost the earth,
but there is surely something missing.
It is called now "Klondicitis," as if it
were a disease, but up to date the cure for
the microbe of it has not been discovered.
Some spell it "Skagaway" and some
"Skaguay," but all admit that one spell of
it is enough to satisfy the average citizen.
If Weyier is not recalled very soon the
Cubans may take Havana and send him
home without waiting for the recalling
voice.
Tbis is a good time to decide to give
California mines a trial hefore flying to
the frozen north on something like a wild
goose chase.
The customs duties levied on American
goods on the other side of Chilcoot Pass
are bad, but not so bad as the blockade on
this side of the line. #
The most thorough and accurate reports
from Dyea are those sent by our special
correspondents. Read The Call for gen
uine news and no fake.
The annoucement that Bryan is going
to Mexico while every one else is going to
Alaska shows that he is out of sympathy
with the people and won't travel with the
procession.
As the Kaiser's visit to the Czar has
already come to an end it is evident it was
short enough to bo sweet, and probably
not sweet enough to have been worth
lengthening.
The adventurers who at Juneau have
decided to turn back and wait for spring
may bave weaker hearts than their com
panions who go on, but it looks as if they
had stronger brains.
Nicaragua has changed her mind and
will now receive Minister Merry without
making a row about it. In dealing with
some people it is always worth while to
give them a chance to have a second
thought.
Pretty soon there will be a newspaper
in Dawson expressing the surprise of that
community that so many people in the
United States should be crazy enough to
stay at home when there is so much free
tun on the Yukon.
The New York plan of bringing mer
chants from other places to visit that city
has proven so successful that Philadelphia
will imitate it, ana it might be well for
San Francisco to see how the movement
would work on this coast if it were well
pushed along.
During the last week of July, 1806, the
number of shares of stock bought and
.old in Wall street was less that a million,
but this year the sales for the correspond
ing period exceeded two millions. That
is the way the wave of prosperity rolls up
where the brokers are.
The pure-food exhibit promises to be
the chief feature of the Mechanics' Insti
tute fair this year, and it is to be hoped it
will be a complete display of what Cali
fornia can do in that line. Public opinion
is now interested in the subject, and this
is the time to appsal to it.
According to the Chicago Tribune the
bicycle causes more accidents of sufficient
seriousness to be reported to the police
than all other forces in that city put to
gether. It seems to be the most uncertain
Df human inventions and some regard it
33 an invention of the devil.
It is announced that Secretary Wilson,
who Is now at Denver, will visit Utah'
Idaho and Montana. We should see to it
that California is added to the list It will
never do to let a member of the adminis
tration of prosperity come to our door and
»o away without coming in to shake hands
md wish us luck.
The one consoling feature of the wreck
of the Mexico was the courage displayed
by all on board when the disaster occurred.
Officers, crew and passengers alike pre
served their presence of mind and met
with a calm heroism the dangers which
confronted them. The loss was great, but
fortunately it did not include a single
lite. •
The threatened strike of the postal
jlerks in Great Britain is peculiar. The
Government employe has been supposed
to be so eager to keep his job that a strike
Is the last thing the public expected from
lim. The British experiment will be
watched with intereet and if the clerks
itrike it is to be hoped they will hit the
Government a lick hard enough to make
it squeal.
CALIFORNIA/ THE LAND OF GOLD.
With the Klondike craze at its height; with stories of the Arctic placer fields
filling pages of the daily press; with numerous expeditions already on tho way to
the Yukon, and many more rapidly fitting out for the perilous voyage thither; amid
all the talk of anew El Dorado of the north ; of dangers and hardships there ; of long
winter digging and short summer panning, ani of fortunes gleaned from tne banks
oi streams near Dawson in less than a year; with all these details before us, and amid
all the resultant rush of fortune-hunters to the regions of glacier and aurora, Califor
nia rises from her throne of gold in her garden of paradise and .unfolds a glittering
tale, in comparison with which the history of the Northwest Territory mineral dis
coveries becomes commonplace. She speaks with a glorious voice like that which
electrified all countries in '49, and she points to fresh goldfields in her domain as rich
as any the world has ever seen.
The strikes on Coffee Creek and Morrison Gulch, in Trinity County, are to-day
the wonder of the land. To dwarf the stories of Yukon nuggets and build a new
record for the ages, R. B. and J. B. Graves, of Trinity County, on Saturday last took
from a claim a gigantic slab of the precious metal worth $12,000. While the brothers
were on their way to the United States Mint in this City, the news came that on the
day after their departure from Coffee Creek $40,000 more in cold dust and nuggets was
taken out of their mine in less than five hoars. This is only the beginning, for there
is plenty of gold in sight on every hand.
Oc Monday two poor miners, named Murphy and Burgess respectively, opened a
claim on Coffee Creek and yelled like Comanche Indians at the sight that greeted
their vision. Tbey found gold in such quantities just below the surface that they
were almost dazed by the sight. In their wild excitement they forgot their shovels
and due; with their hands. The ground was full of gold. Tbey filled their hats with
it, they crammed it into their pockets and then they sped to and from their cabin
and gathered it in buckets. Within twenty-four hours they had taken out between
$78,000 and $82,000 worth of the precious metal. There was never anything like this
on the Klondike, and there never can be. At the Mint this California product brings
higher prices than the Klondike gold.
The same vein extends along to Morrison Gulch, a couple of,miles away, and there
Tuesday afternoon two miners took up $18,000 worth of gold in a very few hours.
Nobody in Trinity County is talking of Yukon placers now. We have new goldfields
in California that eclipse the Klondike piacors. It is here that we shall find the
fl.ecs of gold. Here is the real El Dorado. All the discoverers of the new claims
were hard-working men; to-day they are regarded as millionaires.
There is already a rush to the Trinity mines, where icy hardships await not and
no famine is possible; where cinch laws do not exist, and where conditions all are
fair. Let the Klondike be relegated to the shade. Just as it was forty-eight years
ago, and has been ever since, California is the land of gold, and all the vast wealth
that has been taken from her hillsides and her river banks is but a little thing as
compared to the limitless treasure that still lies about us here awaiting the earnest
hand of industry to raise it from the darkness to the sunlight.
WILSON'S TOUR.
A dispatch of yesterday from Denver
announces that Secretary Wilson of the
Department of Agriculture had arrived at
that city in the course of his tour under
taken to make himself acquainted with
the conditions and needs of Western farm
ers. It was added that the plan of the
Secretary includes a visit to Wyoming,
Utah, Idaho and Montana.
An effort should be made at once to in
duce the Secretary to put California in the
list of States he intends to visit this year.
Now that he is so far west it will be com
paratively easy for him to come farther
without much inconvenience to himself.
To have anything like a full understand
ing of the Greater West he must see this
State, which is the seat of its metropolis
and the scene of its greatest activities and
most complete-development.
The desired visit is the more important
because the study in which the Secretary
is engaged is one which directly concerns
California in a more marked degree than
any other State in the Union. He has
stated that in the course of his Western
trip the subjects to which he will give
most attention ara tbe cultivation of
sugar beets and the breeding of cavalry
horses. California is the land of horses
and of sugar. He must surely come here
to learn r.nd to teach of these tilings.
It is of course well understood that the
est is a vast country and that the Sec
retary cannot go everywhere within it in
a single season. It will require much
traveling and incessant work to study the
territory he already proposes to cover.
.If, therefore, California did not have
strong reasons to urge why a visit should
be made the Secretary would be justly
excused from accepting the invitation.
We have, however, the strongest of
reasons. The sugar-beet industry is ad
vancing here more rapidly and has belt r
prospects than anywhere else. If the
Secretary desires to see a swift accomplish
ment of great results from his plans of
building up that industry it is in this
State be should make his studies and be
most active in aiding the farmers.
If prompt and earnest efforts are made
by official authorities and by the repre
sentatives of organized bodies in the
State we may be able to induce the Secre
tary to come. It goes without saying we
can assure him a welcome. What he will
value most, however, will be an opportu
nity to be of use to the agricultural in
terests of the country, and that opportu
nity he must be assured can be found in
California better than anywhere else, and
this year better than at any future time.
BUILDING UP WHOLESALE TRADE
The plan of the New York wholesale
merchants to build up the trade of that
metropolis by making inducements to the
merchants of distant towns to visit the
city ana spend their money there is
meeting with such remarkable success
that Philadelphia has determined to fol
low the example.
- The New York wholesalers sent out 100,
--000 circular letters of inquiry to merchants
in all parts of the country, asking them
what dates would suit them best to
come to New York to do their trading.
The answers to these inquiries were made
the basis for arranging for the sale of
excursion tickets to that city for a single
fare, the tickets being made good for re
turn for one-third the full rate, when ap
proved by the Merchants' Association in
New York. The latter organization has
profited immensely by the scheme, and
the railroads also are reaping the benefit
of additional travel and traffic. A large
amount of money has been raised in New
YorK to bring the merchants there and
loot after them.
Now the Philadelphia merchants are
figuring on terms with the railroads in
the same line of enterprise. They find
that they hava got to do it or see their
trade slip away from them. There is a
suggestion here that San Francisco whole
salers should not be slpw to adopt The
city of St. Louis has to-day a fund of
$700,000 for tbe purpose of bringing trade
to that city, and Mobile (Ala.) merchants
have issued a circular offering to pay the
fares of visiting merchants both ways on
the basis of their purchasing goods in that
city to the amount of $1000.
Let our San Francisco wholesale mer
chants give this matter careful considera-
tlon. The plan that is now building up
the trade of New York is worthy of adop
tion for building up the trade of the City
of the Golden Gate.
It is hoped there is no truth in the re
port that Secretary Sherman will give no
more interviews this summer. The Secre
tary and the interviewer together have
added much to the gayety of the holiday
season, and there is reason to believe, if
they continued their play, they would
produce , something , before frost which
would make a genuine. sensation. ..
It takes Spain a long time to decide who
shall rattle around in the vacancy left by
Canovas, and it will be long indeed before
she finds one to fill U.'Sfigfag
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, FRIDAY, AUGUST 13, 1897.
THE YOSEMITE TOLLROADS.
The numerous tollroads on the way
into the Yosemite Valley, which have
been the cause of annoyance and incon
venience to tourists, ana which have
undoubtedly deterred many from making
the trip into California's wonderland,
should be abolished, and one of the Yo
semite Commissioners suggests a means
of accomplishing this end. The toilroads
are on United States property, and the
way out of the difficulty would he for the
Government to purchase the interest of
the tollroad company in the premises.
With this object in view, a petition to the
Secretary of the Interior ana also to Con
gress is proposed.
If the journey into the great natura
park were shorn of all thee burdensome
and unnecessary charges thousands would
visit Yosemite annually where hundreds
go there to-day. If the Government will,
, by purchase, rid the valley of the tollroad
nuisance, it Is confidently expected that
the counties through which those roads
run will speedily follow the example, and
thus cut these exactions off altogether.
The Commissioner opined that the Fed
-1 eral authorities would act favorably in
the matter if the proper showing were
made to them. In previous years only
the fairly wealthy people could afford to
travel into Yosemite, on account of the
exorbitant charges. This year, on ac
count of the material reductions made for
the Christian Endeavorers, the number of
tourists has been greatly increased. The
Yoiemite is intended as ajjleasure-ground
for the whole people, but the high toll
rates have, as a rule, acted as bar
riers to the entrance of families of
small means. We hope that before an-
other season rolls around these tollroads
will have been made free for everybody.
A petition such its that above suggested
would be eagerly signed by every person
who has at heart the best interests of the
State.
THE CIVIL SERVICE.
The current number of the North Ameri
can Review contains an article by General
Green B. Raum which Btrikingly presents
the arguments of those -who are opposed
to the tendency toward life tenure of office
which for some time past has prevailed in
our civil service, and advocates a return
to the system that was practiced in the
earlier days of the Republic and which, It
is claimed, is more in harmony with
American ideas and American political
traditions. 7<.:
General Raum says the civil service re
form movement had its origin in a distrust
of the political integrity of the people, and
a contempt for government through party
organization. The reformers sought the
repeal of all tenure of office acts and the
entire elimination of political influences
from appointments to office or removals
therefrom, with the object of establishing
a privileged office-holding class not subject
to popular control, or even to the control
of the elected officials of the people who
are responsible for their work.
Civil service reform has now gone so far
that no officer however high is trusted to
make appointments to positions under
him. Tne rules declare the President shall
not choose the' people about him in the
White House. 'He must keep those he
finds there or select others from names
sent him by the civil service commission.
All the steps in this change from the old
order of things have been taken without
the consent of the .people, and General
Raum does not hesitate to declare "It will
better comport with our republican sys
tem of government to make postmasters
elective than to place their appointment
under civil service rules." 7 .77*
The importance of the article lies in the
fact that it represents a growing sentiment
among the people. Men of all parties are
begining to ask if we are not going too far
in the direction of mugwump politics in
our civil service. The question is being re
argued, and it may be made an issue in
the next session of Congress.
| COUNTRY WITHOUT A RAILROAD.
Kail wav Age
To railway builders out of • work Alaska
offers a great if not an inviting field. With a
territory ten times as large as New York State,
it has not a mile of steam road, or any other
i kind of road. Thousands of citizens of the
United States are ready to emigrate thither
long enough to pick up what gold they
want, and yet our Government has not
built a single railway for their accommoda
tion. The only transportion line into the gold
fields Is owned by selfish capitalists, non-re-i
--dents at that, who expect to make a profit
! out of the indigent gold-seeker.

MR. DANA HEARD FROM.
New York Sun. .
A friend in Geneva informs us that certain
papers in that neighborhood say that Mr.
Dana has resigned as editor of the Sun. " .
This is a falsehood. '7 Mr. Dana has never
been of a resigning habit, and hereby declares
that he has not commenced the practice In
the present case. > He can still be found doing
business at the old stand, and the mad does
not live who can say that he has seen bim,
there or elsewhere, turn ais back cither upon
a friend or a loe. .
t
The Old "Curiosity Shop" in Clare Street, London, Made Famous by Charles
Dickens. It Is About to Be Torn Down to Make Way for a Modern Building.
A SERIOUS OBSTACLE TO EURO
PEAN PEACE.
Ever since the Crimean War of 1853-54 the
Balkan peninsula has been considered a veri
table powder magazine which needed only
the throwing in of a diminutive spark of fire
to set the whole European continent ablaze.
Since then, it Is true, we have had tne Kusso-
Turkish War of 1876-77, . and, as a conse
quence, the little Bosnian war of 1878. and
very^recently the Grecian-Turkish War. That
one and all these affairs did not involve the
other great powers was mainly due to Francis
Joseph, the present Emperor of Austria. This
monarch, whose love of peace is known in all
civilized countries, has "always done what he
cjuld to checkmate any desire of other na
tions to lake advantage of the Isolated condi
tion of Turkey. As Austria is a member of
the still-extstlng Triple Alliance between Ger
many, Austria and Italy, and; as the close alii
ance of the three Emperors of Germany, Rus
sia and Austria seems as good as re-established,
Francis Joseph has without doubt been the
preserver of peace on the Balkan. ;, ;j 7
If, therefore, the dispatches Irom Berlin
and Vienna published in yesterday's Call
should prove correct that the Austrian Minis
ter to Bulgaria, Baron Carl yon Kulmbsch-
Rosenberg, has demanded his passports from
Sofia unless the Bulgarian Prime Minister, M.
Stoiioff, puDllcly apologizes for certain remarks
concerning the house of Hapsburg made in
an interview with a correspondent of a Berlin
newspaper, we are just now in more danger of
a European war than at any time since 1871.
In coming to this conclusion it must be
borne in mind that M. Stoiioff pretends to'
echo the sentiments of Ferdinand of Bulgaria,
whose near relative, the Prince of Coburg, had
led Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria in all
his escapades, and particularly the one with
Baroness Pestrierra. which occationed the
death of the Crown Prince as well as the Bar
oness, '"..f .C '
Bismarck, when he was Chancellor, once re
marked that he would not sacrifice the limb
of a single Pomeranian grenadier for any
thing that might happen on the Balkan, and
thii, no doubt, is still the prevalent sentiment
in Germany. Austria, however, is a conglom
eration of seven different nationalities, alt of
which love and venerate their, present Em
peror above anything else on earth, arid lf
these people should take the matier in hand,
as they are likely to do, there is no outside
alliance strong enough to stop them.
PERSONAL.
B. T. Buel of Boston is in town.
J. Matsui of Japan Is a vl'itor here.
A. M. McDonald, a mining man of Sonora, is
on a visit here. 7*7,7'
C. D. Stanton, a hotel man of Arbuckle, is at
the Cosmopolitan. . -
Charles A. Keyser of Los Afigelei ls a late ar
rival at th.> palace.
B. G. Goodrich, a business man of Victoria,
B. C, is at the Occidental. ' yy; ... 'j'-uy]-
C. H. Marks, ex-Superior Judge of Merced, is
a guest at the Cosmopolitan. ■ :ZZZ' J
Assistant District Attorney Hinkle was
called to Marysvlllo yesterday by the news of
the unexpected death of his brother.
Vf. Steel, the manager of the London anti
San Francisco Bank, eim-. over from Mill Val
ley yesterday and is at the. Occidental, accom
panied by Mrs. Steel.
Dr. W. E. Mack of Chico arrived here yester
day, accompanied by H. J. Shannon and G. A.
Keifer, also of Chico, all of whom are bound
for the Klondike mines. Dr. Mack is taking
in a large supply of goods- with him. They
will leave in a few days lor the northern
snows. :.; 7" "
United States Fish Commissioner J. J. Brice
of Washington, D. tt, has been at the Palace
for the last day or two. He has come out to
California in reference to the building of one
or two new fish hatcheries. "I will be here
for some little time," said the Commissioner
yesterday. "I want to get .these hatcheries
under way ln good shape, and I can go ahead
and do some other things that are in view."
REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR.
"•New York Press.
If I had my way no woman would have hers.
The folk that laughed hardest at Noah were
the ones that were carrying around borrowed
umbrellas. r~2'y-''
Taking one's revenge is like hitting a mos
quito; the worse you want to get it the harder
you slap you_self. .-,...
Girls always need a quiet place to make up a
quarrel in, so that they cau | cry and put their
arms around each other.
After a girl is once kissed by. a man she is
bound to get she begins to intimate that she
thinks it would be a sacrilege for her to kiss
anybody else. ' ■ *
Love is always pictured with a bow and ar
row and a pair of wings. The bow represents
a woman's lips, the arrow is her tongue, and
the wings are for him to fly away wilh.
WITH YOUR COFFEE.
"Where will Frau Meyer go now that both of
her daughters are : married? To her son-in
law's house in Frankfurt or to that of her
other sonf In-law in Stuttgart?"
"One wants her In Stuttgart and the other
wishes she would go to Frankfurt."
"What dutiful sons-in-law I"
"I beg your pardon. The one In Frankfurt
wants her in Stuttgart; the one in Stuttgart
wants her in Frankfurt."— Blaetter.
When the poor law was first introduced a
beggar woman whom a gentleman referred to
tho poorhouse said: ."This poor law's a grand
thing for the sowlb of the gintiemen." . ; >>-";
"Why so?" . . ; •, 'A ,\77. : <
'.'Bekalse now when we axes for alms they
only say, 'Go to the poorhouse,' but before
there was a poorhouse they used to say, 'Go to
the divll'.' "—Dublin World.- ; •'•:>'
Toot accidentally discovered a doll that
her mother had concealed in a trunk in readi
ness for the little lady* birthday. The follow
ing day at dinner she remarked: "I am trying
so hard to forget something I want to remem
ber that I don't feel very hungry."—
"Mary, go Into the sitting-room and tell me
how the thermometer stands." : .
"It stands on the mantelpice, Just agin the
wall, sir!"— Dublin World. ZZi'+.y
She— Oh, James, how grand the sea Is.' How
wonderful. I do so like -to hear the roar of
the ocean. - ■ '■'.
He— So do I, El be ih. Please keep quiet.—
Lustlgen Blaetter. - 7 ' - • 7 '-'■-'* '*'.'7
Ethel— There is Jack sitting on the other side
of tho boat. Doesn't he look tired?
Maud— Yes. Have you been talking to him
to-day?— Harlem Life. :'.: ".
, Adam— Hurry up, can't yon? We've got to
get out of the garden before sundown. ,
; Eve— Yes, Adam, dear. Are my leaves on
«tral_rhi?-New York Press. ; • «■' :, y.
THE GLASGOW CHARTER.
To the Editor of the San Francisco Call— :
During the year 1896 the city of Glasgow was
redlstrlcted, and the number of wards was in
creased from sixteen to twenty-five, each
ward having three membars of the Town
Couticil or City Council as we should say, the
term of office being for three years, one- third
or twenty-five of the members retiring each
year, so as to secure rotation in office, a new
member being thus elected annually from
each of the twenty-flve wards, which now
bear names Instead of numbers as formerly,
such as Dalmaruock, Calton, Mile-End, King
ston, Kelvinside, etc., the old names of locali
ties being given to the wards, as if we should
have a Hayes Valley ward, a Mission ward, a
Rlncon Hill ward, etc. ;.'-'." ■.•",
The Lord Provost, or Mayor, is chosen by the
Town Council and he is elected for a term of
three years. Any member of the seventy-five
is eligible to election to the office of Lord
Provost and if elected during the third year
of his term as Councilman he still holds office
for three years. On page 71 of Sir James Bell's
elaborate work on "Glasgow, Its Municipal
Organization and Administration." recently
issued, the duties of the Lord Provost are thus
enumerated: "Be is the first magistrate of the
city and Lord Lieutenant of the county of the
city." or city and county, as we should say.
"As president or chairman of the Council be
I has a deliberative and, in case of need, a cast
ing vote in all deliberations and decisions.
He Is ex-offlcio & member of all the commit
tees of the Council, a member of ti.eGlaigow
University Court, and there is scarcely an in
stitution in the city which does not consider
it has a claim upon his services." "He is called
upon to preside at innumerable society meet
ings and public lectures and entertainments."
In a word, as Dr. Albert Shaw, in his admira
ble work on "Municipal Government in Great
Britain,"puts lt, the Lord Provor-t "personifies
the pomp and dignity of municipality; but,
except ln his capacity as a member of the
Council, he has no important executive re
sponsibility."
Unlike most American city Mayors, the
Lord Provost has no veto power and makes
no appointments. "It is important," says Dr.
Shaw, page 78, "to make clear to American
readers that the Lord Provost isinnossnse
an administrative head as is the American
Mayor, and that there is not in British elites
any disposition whatever to concentrate ap-
I pointing power and executive control in the
; hands of one man as an effective way to secure
I responsible administration. There is noth
! ing in British organization or experience to
i sustain the proposnion that good city govern
' ment can be secured only by mailing the
Mayor a dictator." English and Scottish
: cities have a more democratic government
! than the American.
Two magistrates called "bailie"*' are se
lected by the Council and they with the Pro
vost become members of the Council, making
a full Council consist of seventy-eight mem
beis. All the authority of the municipality
is invested la this "Town 1 Council"' and the
body is officially designated "the Lord Pro
vost. Magistrates and Counci." Under various
{ nets of Patllament this Council, as D.-. Shaw
j has tr, is divided Into committees known as:
j (1) Water Commissioners. (2) Gas Trustees,
: (3) Market and SlauKhter-house Commission
! ers, '4) Parks and Galleries Trustees, (5) City
! Improvement Trustees aud (6) Police Commis
, sioners.
A consideration of the duties and powers of
these general committees, their i übii visions
and practical working must be reserved for
another lime. I will only add now that the
population of Glasgow is 700,000, about double
that of San Francisco, and that only ratepay
ers or taxpayers are entitled to vote at city
elections. Joseph Asbvry Johnson.
11 Essex street, Aug. 11, 1897.
-'PARDNERS.".
"When "Pardner" l>iff»r« From Partner.
Don't Go to Klondike Without Une.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
No one should venture to set out lor the
Alaska diggings without a good pardner.
The word must not be confounded with part
ner. Partner has a smart, business-like
sound. It is precisely defined by law, and
though it may by courtesy involve something
of special favor its equities at last rest upon
the decisions of courts without regard to sen
timent. But a pardner glories in sentiment.
He expects to give his mate all that the law
requires and call that only a beginning. Men
may b.j chums in easy, prosperous times, but
it Is not until they pass together through a
succession of dangers and hardships that they
can become pardners. Congeniality and im
plicit confidence are at the base of a partner
ship; and for better or for worse the two men
stand es one under all vicissitudes, doubling
each other's' joys arid dividing sorrows and
failures. If one falls by" the way the other
gives him more than the' devotion *of a
brother.
Gold mining eventually is a business con
ducted by large capital, but placer diggings
afford an opening to any one who can stake
and work a claim. The two pardners begin
operations on the ground floor, share their
discoveries, tent together and ccok for each
othor. | Their qualities and traits are comple
mentary. Pardners are closer than mess
mates iv the army or navy. The soldier or
sailor is under the care of a bountiful pro
vider. His food, clothes and shelter are fur
nished by the Government, and his comings
and goings are regulated by orders. Pardners.
on tue other hand, must skirmish together
trom the start for subsistence and plans of
operation. .They fight the -battle of life for
two under hazardous .conditions,' far from
families and friend?, satisfied, for the time be
ing, with bare necessaries. Under such a test,
parduers are forged as steel is forged.
The literature of California is full of the
Eard nor atmosphere. Bret Harte's tales would
c tame without it. But pardners in that
State, except as gray-beard survivors, are
scarce now. Tney will be revived in. Alaska
and experience far greater trials than they
ever knew in our first Pacific commonwealth.
Freezing and starvation; were unknown in
California. It ia not likely that the mining
camps In Alaska will permit any one to starve,
but they have a regulation for shipping those
lacking means or resources out of the country.
In a community of pardners a high-sense of
ceneral humanity will prevail, but there must
be prudence as to feeding drones during the
long season when the lines of supply are
interrupted. Alaska will furnish a great
growth of friendship, with the pardnerasits
top flower. No man can utterly fail there who
has a good pardner and is one. Among ihe
glaciers and the fiozen moss, where a blossom
has never opened to the light, the-* lines of
Holmes will take on a new beauty, teaching
that "friendship is the breathing rose that
sweets in every fold."
ALWAYS AT WAR.'
Boston Traveler.
. A remarkable feature of Queen Victoria's
relgu is the great numberof wars, "littla and
big.", that have marked lis progress.' , Scarcely
a twelvemonth has passed without finding
England at war in some parts of the world.
Here is a list of the principal campaigns and
expeditions: Afghan war, 1838-40; first Chi
nese war, 1841; Sikh war, 1845-46; Kaffir war,
1846; second war with China. second African
war, 1849; second Sikh war, 1819-49; Bur
mese war, 1850; second Kaffir war, 1851-52;
second Burmese War, 1852-53; Crimea, 1854;
thirl war with China, 1856-58; Indian mu
tiny, 1857; Maori war, 1860-61;* more wars
with Coin*. 1860 and 1862; second Maori
war, 1863-66;- Ashan tee war, 1864; war in
Bootan, 1864; Abyssinian war, 1867-68; war
with Bazoiees, 1868 : third Maori war, 1868- 1
69; war with i.no>hasls, 1871: Zulu war,
1878-79; third Afghan war, 1878-80; war in
Basutolaud, 1879-81 ; Transvaal war, 1879 81 ;
Eepvtlan war,- 1882; Zanzibar, f 1890 {India,
1890; Matabele wars, 1894 and 1896; Chitral
campaign, 1896; third Ashantee " campaign,
1896; second Soudan campaign, 1896.
RAINEY PLANS
MORE SCHEMES
New Positions to Be Created
in the School De
partment.
There Is to Be a Second Vice-
Prinoipalship for Those
in Favor.
*
!V — ! ~~"
Developments in the Gerrymandering
Plan in Connection With a
■ry New School.
The addition of thirteen new teachers to
the salary schedule of the School Depart
ment as accomplished at the meeting of
the School Directors on Wednesday even
ing is to be followed by many more ap
pointments if the plans of the "solid
nine" do not miscarry. The increased at
tendance of pupils at the various schools
is the lever with which Rainey hopes to
stock the department with his friends.
The list of teachers will probably be in
creased within the next month to an ex
tent that will practically fill all prospec
tive vacancies for at least four years.
To begin with, it is proposed to create
an entirely new position in the principal
schools. When the gerrymandering
scheme of redistricting the City is com
pleted it will be in order to create the
office of second vice-principal, with a
salary in keeping with the importance of
the bound of these words. Heretofore
the City has worried along with a simple
vice-principal as an assistant to the head
of tne house, but Rainey has concluded
that these functionaries are overworked,
and the directors have promised to see to
it that the staff will be increased by the
addition of many assistants. Just what
the duties of a second vice-principal will
be beyond drawing a salary has not yet
been determined. Directors Ragan and
Drucker are at work at present figuring
out this end of the programme.
Ragan and Drucker enjoy the distinc
tion df being the majority members of the
Committee on Rules, as well as the chief
lieutenants of Rainey on the present
board. In connection with Director
Waller it may be said that they practically
dictate the doings of the board, and that
any expressed wish of the fat boss will be
carefully complied with on their .part.
Rainey is credited with having almost a
hundred friends who would be willing to
draw salary in the city schools. It was
his brain that conceived that a new divi
sion of the City into school districts was
necessary to the welfare of the general
municipality.
The Committee on Rules is expected to
l/ring in a report on the subject of the ra
districtitig of tho schools at the next meet
ing of the board. As an indication of the
manner in which the slate is tixea the
transfer of two classes from the Hawthorne
to the Horace Mann speaks volumes. At
the present time Joe O'Connor is the prin
cipal of the Horace Mann and is known to
be of influence at the seals of the mighty
where Rainey reisns as king. ■
Up his sieeve O'Connor has an ambition
to be the principal of the new Mission
High School, and it is the wish of the
bosses that this desire should be gratified.
It was the idea of the last School Board
and the Board of Supervisors w_.*-n
tbe appropriation for tlie new school
building at the corner of Eighteenth and
Dolores street was made that the present
staff of the Lowell High School should be
transferred to it upon its completion, and
that building made a primary school.
This, of course, would defeat the plans of
Rainey and incidentally the ambition of
O'Connor.
• Now it i* proposed to create out of the
Mission High School an enti c y new ad
dition to the City's educational institu
tions, at an increased cost of $40,000 a year
to tbe taxpayers. In the general plan to
make O'Connor principal four high-school
classes have now quarters in the Horace
Mann building. Out of this nucleus the
new high scnool is to be created, and
O'Connor will have his ambition satisfied.
.Professor Simmons, the present vice-prin
cipal of the Girls' High School, will, in
turn, be made the principal of the Horace
' Mann Grammar. ,
THE WHEEL OF . 1898.
New York Evening Sun.
There are many rumors going the rounds
about the wheel of 1893. That it will be
chainless nobody doubts. This being the case
the recent slump in the price of bicycles is
partially explained. It is easy to see why the
big firms should be anxious to clear out their
stocks in view of a complete change in model.
Next year's bicycle will be a $100 article, and
will continue to be such for a considerable
time. It will be Interesting to see how long it
will take to make the use of the chainless
wheel tolerably general. II the -new one dif
fers in appearance, In- shape of frame, etc.,
from that used at present, the rate of adoption
will be faster, for the present model will Im
more readily Identified as out of date. In
wheels as in clothes. It is not pleasant to be
behind the times. But if It is Impossible to
improve on the present frame in a hurry the
adoption of the chainless wheel will be com
paratively slow. So long as appearances are
all right many persons will be content to use
the present article rather than go to the ex
pense of a new one. It is sail that a number
of trials of the new wheel have been made in
secret and that they have been very successful
in the matter of speed. Of course the present
wheel is rapid enough for the ordinary rider.
But it appears that without the chain the
Inction ls decreased enormously ; and thus
ease is 1 promoted. In bicycles, as in battle
ships, the finished product of to-day will be
obsolete to-morrow. All this makes for
progress. ___________^___»
FRATERNAL DEPARTMENT.
America Council of the Order of Chosen
Friends Will Celebrate Its
Anniversary.
America Council No. 7 of the Order of
Chosen Frleuds will be seventeen years old on
Tuesday evening next, and in commemora
tion of that anniversary it will give an enter
tainment and social ln the Social Hall in the
Alcazar building. An energetic and active
committee is at work making preparations for
the event, and it is the intention of the mem
bets of that committee to make the evening
one of - pleasurable enjoyment lor all who
have received invitations.
Knights and Ladiea of Honor.
The proceedings of the tenth annual ses
sion of the Grand Lodge of California of the
Knights and Ladies of Honor, which held its
session in this City recently, have been issued
and are being distributed by Grand Secretary
Carleton. It is a neatly printed book of forty
eight ' pages, containing . a concise report of
the work of the lodge, a clear exhibit of the
finances, a directory of the subordinate lodges
and an appendix in which there is a list of i/ie
past grand protectors, the names of the char
ter members of the lodge, lis*!: of standing com
mittee*!, a list of district deputies and the
names of the past protectors of each lodge un
der the jurisdiction of the Giand lodge.
A Pioneer Odd Fellow.
Joseph Gray, a member of Dormer Lodge, I.
O. 0.F., well known in Sacramento, died in
that city a few days since at the ace of 71,
and his funeral was under the auspices of the
order by the general relief committee of Sac
ramento. The California Odd Fellow has the
following about the. deceased: "He came to
California across the plains from Illinois In
1850 and was among the early residents of
this city. -After a time he returned East, was
married and came back with his wile by the
I isthmus route, again taking up his residence
in Sacramento. Subsequently -he kept
the Fourteen-mile , House, on the Auburn
road. and later on- -he removed to
Truckee. and built the first house in the town,
which now bears that name, and also the first
sawmill in that place, where for a number of
years he was a leading man in the wood ami
lumber business. In 1883 he once more re
turned with his family to this city, having
purchased the Cadwaiader residence on N
street, between Seventh and . tightn where
be has since resided. Brother Gray suffered a
stroke of paralyses some years ago, and from
that time on has been in feeble health. Ho
leaves a wife, three daughters and one son-.
Mrs. John Rodda of San Fran rise,. Mrs. S. A
Bulfinch ot Los Angeles and Miss Nellie and
Joseph H. Gray of this city."
" Alexander Hamilton Council.
Alexander Hamilton Council No. 35. Junior
Order United American Mechanics, has ar
ranged to give an entertainment in Laurel
Hall of the Shield building this evening.
A good programme has beeu prepared and at
the close thereof there will be a dance for the
young people particularly, but the older peo
ple who may wish will not be debarred from
participating in tbe dance.
Knights of the Golden Banner.
The drill corps of the Knights of the Golden
Banner announces that it will give an exhibi
tion drill at Harbor View Park on Sunday
next. There will ba dancing afternoon and
evening. ______
Minerva Circle, V. of F.
Minerva Circle, Companions of the Forest,
had a pleasant social in the Alcazar building
last Wednesday niehtand those who attended
found that an enjoyable programme ot dance-,
had been arranged for them by the committee
on entertainment-Mrs. 8. 1 M. Marsey, Mrs
Annie Page and Mrs. Low. Durlrnt the even
ing Miss Jossie Goodwin gave an exhibition of
fancy dancing. A remarkable feature of the
evenine wr.s the presence of two brides, Mrs.
James Kilcoyne and Mrs. Steadman.
MEN AND WOMEN.
"Uncle Jimmy" McGauhey, said to b<. the
oldest living survivor of the Mexican war, is
living at Lawrenceburg. Ky., and atrlbutes
his long life to the fact that he has chewed to
bacco since he wm 10 years old.
Mrs. Caroline Metcalf of Milwaukee his
given $10,000 to the Public Library of that
city to be spent in the purchase of ornamental
art books. Tnis is the first time the library
bas received a gift for a specified purpose.
Shakespeare Is about to be published in
French in parts, Illustrated by Robida. The
translation ls by Jules Lermina, who ha* been
at work on lt for ten years. M. Lermina la
most anxious that his fellow-countrymen
should thoroughly understand Shakespeare,
and has aimed at producing an "exact" trans
lation Instead of an elegant equivalent.
Miss Jennie Fessler of Mount Carmel, Pa.,
who insists on sticking all the needles sne can
find Into her arms, was removed to the Min
ers' Hospital, where the physicians succeeded
in removing twenty-four of the sharp-pointed
instruments. Dr. Millard of Mount Carmel
had extracted twenty-one needles from the
girl's arms several weeks ago.
Professor Max Mueller tells a characteristic
story of Lord Macaulay in his "Literary Recol
lections'' ln Cosmopolis. The advisability of
providing lor the instruction in Sanskrit cf
Knzlish youths destined for service in India
was a debated question, and Macaulay sent for
Professor Mueller, who was an advocate of
such instruction, in order to hear what he had
to say In its support. The Interview lasted
an hour, during which the professor found it
impossible to get in a word edgewise against
the flood of arguments against his position
which poured from the historian's lips. When
the harangue waa ended he was dismissed
with thanks for the valuable information he
had imparted.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
A Patent— J. D. R., City. If A secures a t
patent for an invention he is protected for a'
number of years by it. B would not have a
right to make an article similar to the one pro
jected for his own use without the permission
of the patentee. ____
Absolute Owner— S. H. C, Williams. Cal. If
aman "owns a tine ranch ( .gricul tural) and
holds a United States patent tor It" no one has
a right to go on that land without fit's permis
sion. He Is the absolute owner of it. Jfan
otner man tjiould come along and discover
gold on the land he could not locate a claim
upon lt, for the reason the patent having been
given, it is no longer of tne public land domain
and is not under tne rules that govern mineral
lauds.
"Great ano Goon Fries#"— R- M. K. When
President McKinley sent a letter to Queen Vic
toria felicitating her upon the sixtieth anni
versary of her accession to the crown of Great
Britain he addressed her as "great and good
friend." In doing this be followed the yule
of addressing foreign potentates . since the
di vs of Washington. On the 27th of May,
1887, Grover Cleveland, then President of the
United States, on behalf of the people of the
United States, sent a letter of congratulation
to Queen Victoria upon having occupied the
British throne for fifty years, and he addressed
her as "great and good friend." The letter
sent by McKinley is ia the main identical with
the one sent by Cleveland. The same words
of address were used In a letter sent by the
President of the United States to the Queen of
tbe Hawaiian Islands. It is the customary
diplomatic form. '
Luminous Paint— E. 8., Morro, San Luis
Obispo County, Cal. The following is the
basis of luminous paints: Zanzibar or Kauri
copal is melted over a charcoal fire. Fifteen
parts of the melt is dissolved in sixty parts of
oil of turpentine and the solution, filtered, is
mixed with twenty-five parts of previously
heated and cooled pure linseed oil. The var
nish thus obtained is used in the manufacture
of luminous paints by grinding between gran
ite rolls in a paint mill, Iron rolls are not
used because the particles of iron which are
liable to become detached would injure the
luminous properties.
A pure white luminous paint is prepared by
mixing forty parts of the varnish obtained in
the above described process with six parts of
prepared barium sulphate, six parts of pre
pared calcium carbonate, twelve parts of pre
pared white zinc sulphide and thirty-six
parts of prepared white sulphide in a proper
emulsion aud then grinding it very tine in a
color mill.
There are other luminous paints, including
red, orange, yellow, green, blue, gray and yel
lowish brown in which various coloring in
gredients are used.
Fine eyeglasses, specs, 15c up. 35 Fourth st.
Tourists— California glace fruits, 50<_ lb., in
elegant fire-etched boxes. Just what you want
lor Eastern friends. Townsend's. Palace Hotel*
Special information daily to manufacturers,
business houses and public men by the Press
Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery. *
All United on Lincoln.
The patriotic men and women of San Fran
cisco should attend the first grand mass
meeting ln honor of Abraham Lincoln on
Saturday night. August 14, in Metropolitan
Temple. A splendid programme,- vocal and
instrumental, will be presented, and ad
dresses will be delivered by able speakers.
Admission Iree. United States Senator George
C. Perkins will preside. •
Melton Prior, the English war artist, has
been through fourteen campaigns and has
been wounded eight times. Three times his
name has appeared on the list of those killed
in battle. His duties have taken him all over
the world, and he has attended almost every
important royal wedding of the past twenty
five years. /__^^ -
Get Your Tickets to the Klondyke.
The Northern Pacific Steamship Company has
put the magniflcen: steamer City of Seattle into
service tetwe n Tacoma, Seattle, Juneau and
Dyea. Steamer leaves Tacoma and Seattle Au
gust 15 and 26. For tickets and Information call
at the Northern Pacific Ka'lway Office, 368 Mar
ket street, & F. T. K. Stateler, General Agent.
. '.-Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup"
Has been used over fifty years by millions of moth
era for their children while Teething with perfect
success. It boothes the child, softens the gums, al
lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Bowels
and Is the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether
arising from teething or other causes. For gale by
Druggist in every part of the world. Be surd and
ask for Mm. Winslow's Soothing Syrup. a bottle
Coxouado.— Atmosphere is perfectly dry. sop.
and mild, being entirely free from the mists com
mon further north. Bound- trip tickets, by steam
ship, including itfteea days' board st the Hotel
Coronado. *60; longer stay (2 50 perday. Appiy
. New Montgomery streeL San Francisco. .
Sensible.— An old tea-captain writes to J. C.
Ayer & Co. that he never goes to sea without a
supply of Ayer's Pi Is.

xml | txt