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Wit <Mnri GfaJl TUESDAY AUGUST 24. 1897 JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor. SUBSCRIPTION RATES-Postage Free: Dally and Sunday Call, one week, by carrier.. $0.15 Daily and Sunday Call, one year, by ma 11 . . .. 6.00 .Dally and Sunday Call, six months, by mall.. 3.00 Dally and'Punday Call, three months by mail 1.50 Dally and Sunday Call, one month, by mail.. .65 Sunday Call, one year, by mall- 1-50 WUXII Call, one year, by mall L&O g , BUSINESS OFFICE: 710 Market Street, Fun Francisco, California. Telephone ........'..••« Maln-1868 EDITORIAL ROOMS: 517 Clay Street. Telephone Main-1874 BRANCH OFFICES: 527 Montgomery street, corner Clay, open nntil 9:30 o'clock. 339 Hayes street; open until 9:30 o'clock. . 615 Larkin street, open until 9:30 o'clock. r-W. corner Sixteenth and Mission streets, open I Dtfl 9 o'clock. 2518 Mission street, open until 9 o'clock. 1243 Mission street, open until 9 o'clock. 1605 Polk street: open until 9:30 o'clock. N«". corner Twenty-second and Kentucky meets; open till 9 o'clock. OAKLAND OFFICB. 9UB Broadway. EASTERN OFFICE: Rooms 31 and 32, 34 Tark Row. Xew Tork City DAVID M. FOLTZ, Eastern Manager. IHE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL. THE SUMMER MONTHS. Are you rolnp to the country on a vacation ? If re i: is no trouble for us to forward THE CALL, to ycur address. Do not let it miss you for you will miss it. Orders given to the carrier or left at Business Office will receive prompt attention. >o EXTRA CHARGE. Fifty cents ncr month for summer month*. Unfortunately not all of Joaquin Mil ler's manuscript is undecipherable. Certain of the Greeks want Ttar with Turkey rei-umed. Evidently they have recovered breath since their last run. Nobody need fear starvation because Russia intends to keen her wheat. This country of ours is in the grain business a little. "Weyl?r has not resigned," announces the telegraph. Of course not. The best that can be hoped for is that he may be incontinently tired. Merely as a vacation proposition there does not seem to be any particular reason why the Governor of California should leave his own State. Perhaps the Omaha lawyer who was at the head of a band of bicycle thieves has acquired enough win-els to enable him to mate a plea of insanity. The people who spurred by the rang of jealousy act upon a suicidal impulse are tar from admirable, and yet it is kinder to kill one's sell than somebody else. San Francifco wants the Grand Army men. As to what sort of a convention ; town this is the veterans are conlidently referred to any Christian Endeavorer who was here in July. It is fortunate that the school children ol San Francisco are bright as it will en able them soon to unlearn quickly the absurd system of vertical writing in which they are now being drilled. If the successor of Canovas shall, as he declares his Intention, follow the policy of tbat statesman, some feather-headed anarchist will be likely to follow the policy of the late garroted Golli. Without a doubt some of the kid-gioved who are speculating in wheat have fallen into the common and perhaps enjoyable error of counting chickens that have to undergo the formality of batching. Announcement ihat a crisis in the East is expected has lost its power to alarm. Someday news will arrive ihat no crisis is apprehended, and then a startled world will hold its breath awaiting a crash. According to the Santa Cruz Sentinel there is nothing in either Klondike or Trinity but delusion and snare. Possibly Bard JfcPherson thinks Californians can do no better than to lemain at home and read his poetry. There may be mortals more unhappily situated than the Kiondiker who first ex pends all his cash in nayine duty on his outfit, and then loses the outfit. However, none such has been heard from and imag ination strrves vainly to picture him. The public would te glad to see Pro fessor Davidson back in his old place as head of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. If his removal was satisfactory to any body but the gentleman who succeeded him the fact ha* been strangely unre veated. Mrs. Charlotte Smith's scheme ol com pelling bachelors to marry lacks some elements of practicability. For instance, it would involve the necessity for some body to marry Charlotte, unless possib.y thera is an unheard of Mr. Charlotte Smith. According to the Federal court the nickel-in-the-slot machine is a gambling device, a definition that, at the risk of in curring contempt, must be pronounced flattery. The gambling device is supposed to give a player some chance, however meager. Joaquin Miller teils touchingly about plucking a strawberry away up north somewhere, yet it is palpable tbat people are not going to the Klondike for straw berries and can pluck a whole box at any San Francisco market for much less than the cost of a ticket to Dawson. Now that Edward Deacon, the slayer of Abeille, is violently insane the club that expelled him for hshiug from the drink ing water hunks ol ice wherewith to assuage the throbbing of his brow ought at least to expunge accounts of the affair from official records. As a poet John J. Ingalls is better than some people, yet not faultless. In a recent effort he declared that at midnight he wandered in a graveyard. Now, there is an air of improbability about this. People, even people who are guided by the muse of song, wander elsewhere at such an hour, unless perhaps they dream and wake in a cold, prosaic sweat. However, if Mr. Ingalls has a poet's license, this liciion may be forgiven. It is when he speaks of hearing a heart throb in the audible silence that a practical world rau-t decline to soar with him. Mr. lngalls is airapiy mi-taken. Silence that can be beard is something else, possibly indigestion. The bard who rhymed of unkissed kisses reached the absolute limit. Even the admirers of Ingalls must decline to listen with him to a noiry silence, a glamorous absence ol sound. THE ASSESSMENT OF SAN FRANCISCO. The editorial in The Call urging the taxpayers of San Francisco to oprjose anj proposed raise of the assessment of the City and County by arguments based upor reason and justice instead of sitting down and abusing the State Board of Equaiiza tion has met with a mo<t gratifying and cordial response. It Is now certain thi: course will b° followed and there can be little doubt the results will be good. San Francisco will have a strong cas° to present to the State Board. Tne propert3 of her taxpayers is assessed as high if not -higher than that of tne residents of othei portions of t tic State. She asks no special favor*. She seeks no favoritism. It is no the desire of her jeopie that any injustice should be done to taxpayers elsewnerc. Slio i? willing to bear her share of the burden of supporting the commonwealth, and asks of the State Board of Equalizers no more than what is due to her taxpayers in justice ana fair dealing. Having so strong a case it would be foolish to weaken it by vague attacks upon the honesty and impartiality of the judges who are to pass upon it. There is every prospect ol success by following right methods. Let us submit to the boara iacts wliicii cannot be controverted. Let us sustain them with arguments which will con vince instead of adopting a tone of bluster, which can have no other effect than that of irritation. I'jeparations for pua.'ding the interests of the taxpayers have been well made' A special committee of the Board of Supervisors has been appointed to go before the Board of Equalization and show cause why the present assessment should stand. This committee, which will probably be accompmied to Sacramento by the Mayor and the Assessor and poss ibly one or two of his deputies, has collected a mass of data, which it is believed will b) amply snfficiant to prove to the State Board that asseas men ts are already higher in San Francisco than in any other county in the State. The commif.ee of oHic'.als should hava the support of a delegation of citizens. The taxpayers who appeared before the local Board of Equalization and made the representation upon which the assessment of property was fixed should go before the State Board and make there the same presentation of facts. Many of them are repor;ed to have promised to do so and the promise should be kspt. Such a deleza - tion would have weight and influence and could add much In the way of testimony to confirm the showing which will be made by the official committee. This appeal to reason will not. be nude in vain. There has been in California too great a readiness to resort to abti39 of officials, too much proneness, to denounce and attack those whose actions do not accord with our desires. This method of conduct ing our political affairs has been the cause of dissensions wa ich have materially injured the general wel'arj. A new and better method should be adopted in the new era. Now is the time to begin it. WHEAT IN EUROPE. The big surplus wheat crop of the United States will be a bonanza for our farmers and a godsend to Europe, whlca must look to America alone fcr her sup ply. It, was believed that Russia could be depended on to help out the other countries of Europe la the matter of breadstuff^, but now comes the word that the Czar's Government is about to pro mulgate a decree prohibiting the exporta tion of wheat on account of the small crops in Southern Russia. There is very little reserve wheat in Europe, which is actually reduced to a consideration of means of subsistence for its millions of population. The price of bread has risen gradually until in the cities of France, for instance, the poor people are clamoring against the duty on wheat, and demand the removal of ihe exaction in order to keep down the price of bread as much as possible. "Repeal the wheat laws" threatens to become an election cry there, just as "Repeal the corn laws" was the cry in England fifty years ago. It is recognized in France that America j is the only country with any- wheat to sell at I present; but leading Gallic statesmen are i averse to the abolition of the import duty, | it Deiug argued that the situation is the; result of natural cause* and that to do away with the duty would simply mean i so much more money for the American . speculator. The advance in bread, however, has sirred up au iniDiense apposition to the French Government on this particular point, and if the price goes higher t;:e agitation may obtain such strength as to compel President Fame to take advant age of an emergency law and suspend ihe wheat duty for a period. The European na.ions, whether they love us or not, must this year pour their gold into the American sack to get bread enough to lent them till next season. If a war starts up on tiiat continent jttsl across the Atlantic presently th^re is no telling how affluent the American farmer may become. Agriculture in this coun try has taken a wonderful boom this year, and there are strong indications that we sha'.l ses good prices for cereals in the year to come. IE. BRYAN'S DEFENDERS. The swift alignment of the Examiner and Post in strident defense of Mr. Bryan for riding upon a Southern Pacific pass during his recent tour of California is a spectacle for gods and men. Haß the Ethiopian changed his skin or the leopard his spots that the railroad and its noisy assailant should thus unite in defending Mr. Bryan's use o: passes "on advertising account" ? The excuse which th? Examiner often for Mr. Bryan that the pass "was such a little one" has not even the. merit of be ing new. Every petty offender employs it when brought to bar. and while con cealing the number of limes he has sim ilarly sinned, asks for clemency upon the ground of the smallness of the single charpe. Neither Mr. Bryan nor his twin defenders have confessed how many passes he made use of in his extensive railroad travel through California, nor, in fact, throughout, the entire country. If the truth were known it wonld proba- j b'.y appear that the advertising account of the World-llrroid with the Southern Pa-j cific and other railroad corporations of the 1 country was a rather overworked Indus- : try. This especially in view of the fact I that according to the most recent and re- i liable advices the Southern Pacific Com- ; pany had done no advertising with the ] World- Herald, and that, in consequence, j its "account" is by virtue of Mr. Bryan's : pass an altogether one-sided affair. There are other queries which arise in this connection which it might be well for the new aggregation of Mr. Bryan's de- j fenders to consider. What right has a j stockholder of a newspaper corporation i to receive railroad passes upon an adver- I Using account? Is that method of draw- I ing down dividends not a species of fraud upon the other stockholder* of the con cern? Again, what sort of consistency does Mr. Bryan display in demanding J that the railroad shall pay its debt to the Government, whil9 to the extent of his j passes at least he is diminishing its ability j to do so by the expense of his free trans portation ? It doe^ seem as though Mr. Bryan should have explained to our people in some of his many nights of eloquence that he had come to California through the courtesy j of the Southern Pacific Company, and was j enjoying himself immensely riding up and down therein upon a railroad pass. It would have added so much pith and : poimto his oratory and have furnished such an excellent reason why he was not and ought not to have been elected Presi deut of the United States. A Los Angeles correspondent, in de scribing an unidentified man who tried to kill himself over trouble with his wife, adds with unconscious and almost pathetic humor: "His description corresponds with that of three different Los Angeles men who bavo had trouble with their wives and were missing from home to day." A round-up of unhappy husbands j would seem to be almost a necessity iv u.e southern, metropolis,' THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, TUESDAY, AUGUST 24, 1897. THE CAUSE OF PROSPERITY. During the Cleveland administration, and especially after the Wilson free-trade law went into effect, the press and the orators of the Democratic party tared their thinking capacity to frame excuses for the hard times which came upon the country instead of the goo~l times which they had predicted. Fur from showing any signs of improvement, things went from bad to worse. Business became stagnant, banks fa led, mills and factories closed their dcors and armies of idle men marched here and there praying for bread or work. Dread uncertainty prevailed in the money market, development of indus tries came to a standstill, and trade and commerce suffered. And yet the people had been told that the most flourishine periods known to our country's history would te small affairs in comparison with the glorious days of happiness and abundance that were des tined to follow the passage ot the Wilson bill. Too late the people awoke to the fact that they had been grossly deceived — too late to Trard off those calamities of which everybody Knows, but rhich have been banished from the Nation along with ruinous free trade. Last fall we were told by those same prophets tbat if Major McKinley were chosen President it would mean beggary for the masses and dire disaster for the American Republic. Yet, with the in coming of a protective administration, the clouds of uncertainty disappeared Jrom the Nation's skies and the sun o! prosperity arose to glad Uncle Sam and all his numerous family. Now, since everybody ha 3 bpgnn to re joice, since capital is being turned loose on every hand, since tho wheels of indus try are whirring and labor is in demand, those same worshipers of the false po 1 of free trade nre louuly howling to iho peo ple that protrction has nothing to do with the country's present pro'perity; that it has been brought about altocether by ihe rise in th ■ price of wheat and by the gold finds on the Klondike. Asfir as the min eral discoveries in the Arctic reirioiis go they have made no appreciable difference thus far in the condition of any very considerable portion of the country. But wheat, goMen wheat, has brought mil- lions upon millions of dollars to the farm ers of the great West. Is the prosperity of the whole country, then, due to the rise in wheat ? The best answer is found in the words of President jMcKinley, who, with that soundness and simplicity characteristic of the man, speaks to his countrymen as follows: "The cause of the present boom in the West is undoubtedly due iv a great meas ure to large crops and high prices caused by the failure of crops in other countries. But the fact that prosperity has set in in the East cannot be accounted for in any other way than by the wise policy of the Republican party in restoring a protective tariff. The present boom is not spasmo dic, but will continue to increase, and not only the manufacturers but the people generally will soon realize that it is only with a protective tariff and sound finan cial principles that the country will be prosperous and remain in that condition. With the restoration of confidence will come the restoration of prosperity." WHY DOES HE HIDE? The Examiner of yesterday made an effort to set up before the public a de fense in the suit which has been brought against it by John Riley. Whether the defense is valid or not can be decided only by a trial in court. If the Examiner thinks it is good there should be a willingness on the part of Its proprietors to meet Mr. liiley before a Judge and jury and bring the matter to an issue and a settlement. This is what Mr. Riley has been seeking. It is what the Examiner ha 3 been evading. It has been impossible, it seem?, for Mr. Rile)-, as for several others in this State, to find either Mr. Hearst or any one to represent him. Tne absconding jjur nalist has in this City the means and the agents to do wrong, but none to be answerable for the wrong. Mr. Riiey's suit is still pendine. Mr. Hearst is still in hiding. The Examiner declares Mr. Hearst has a good defense. This being so, the question is inevitable, "Why, then, does he hide?" BESOLVED UPON ANAEOHY. Troublous times are ahead for the Turk. I Noto^ly is England frowning ominously uoon him, but in his own empire at any moment may burst forth flames of revo : lution and even worse. For years the op pressed people of Armenia have prayed for European aid, and for years they have continued to suffer the tortures devised by Turkish tyranny and intolerance until ail hope of interference from Christian na tions has flea. . Patience is dead with the Armenians; they are desperate now. Embassadors at Constantinople have re ceived warning of impending carnage there. The circular sent to the diplomatists declare that "Europe has remained mute at the tears mothers have shed over mur dered children," and for that reason the Armenians have resolved to resort to the j Dornb, ttie torch and the knife of anarclty. Death is preferable to Mohammedan | tliralldom, and tksy are determined to make their deaths so costly that the sur vivors among the Turks will tremble to think of the carnival of blood. According to the last Turkish census Constantinople had 873,565 population, ana of this number half were Mussulmans and 150,00) Armenians. ltis«laimed that nearly all the latter are leagued together in a conspiracy and that the last day of August will see an uprising of startling proportions. Armenian agents are sowing seeds of dissension in Grate, and in Athens the war spirit is once again #»v:den'. A while ago the Turk loomea up with importance anionij the powers. He has shrank per csptiljy of late, and if he bring* down the wrath of Great Britain now the day of the Mohammedan exodus from Europe will bo near at Land. PERSONAL. Dr. C. E. Reed of Petaluma is at the Grand. T. C. White, a Fresno banker 1 , is at the Lick. Major P. M. Norboe of Visalia is at the Russ. M. J. Healy of Loomls is at the Cosmopoli tan. E. S. Ward of San Jose is at the Cosmopoli tan. J. D. McDonald of Sacramento is at the Cali fornia. William St. John of Fresno Is at the Cosmo politan. C H. Dugaln of Merced is at the Cosmo politan. Dr. Simpson of San Jose is at the Lick with his wife. State S;nator J. M. Gleaves of Redding is at the Grand. H. W. Crabb. a winemaker of Oakville, is at the Grand. A. L Cox of Santa Rosa arrived at the Russ ltst wees. ' Dr. J. L. Graves, a dentist ol Portland, Or., is at the Lick. L. T. Hatfield, an attorney of Sacramento, is fit the Lick. J. M. Latnrop, a real estate man of Newman, is at the Lick. Dr. W. F. Smith of Mountain House, Idaho, is at the Paiace. James Simpson, a contractor of Eureka, is a guest of the Lick. F. S. Wensincer, a dairyman of Freestone, is at the Occidental. Ex-Sheriff E. F. O'Neal of Sacramento is a guest at the Grand. Dr. O. H. Simon*, a mining man from Red ding, is at the Grand. & F. Shepherd, a real estate dealer of Fresno, is at the Grand. C. S.'Kimball, a mining and mill man of Austin, New, is at the Kuss. Edward McGettigan of Vallejo, Supervisor of Solano County, is at the Russ. W. H, Hatton, an attorney of Modesto, is among the arrivals at the Lick. Frank A. West of Stockton, vlticulturist and wine producer, is at the Falnce. J. L. SVilmans, a farmer of Newman, is among the late arrivals at the Lick, L U Wiiraan?, a mining man of Bonora, Is visiting with his brother at tne Lick. Drury Melonc, the banker, is down from O;ik Knoll, and is registered at the Palac?. Dr. James A. Campbell of St. Louis, Mo., is registered at the Occidental with his wife. A. P. Halfill of the Los Angeles Fl3h Com pany, packers of sardines, is registered at the Grand. Colonel James Jackson, U. S. A., of Portland, Or., is at the Occidental with his daugnter an! his son. John MiWy of tho Lakewood fitting school at Lakewood, X. J., is at the Palace on his way to the Yalluwstone. Professor James 0. Griffin, head Of the de partment of German in Stanford University, is at the California with his wife. W. F. George, a lawyer of Sacramento, Is at the Grand on his way home afier a vacation S[ cr. t at Santa Catalina Island. Andrew Young of Virginia City. Nev., County Commissioner of Storey County, is at tho Ruis on a visit to his broiher, Colonel Young. Mine, yon Finkclstein Mountford, the lec turer on Oriental lif<» and ilie Holy Land, ar rived at the Pulace yesterday fiom Portland, Oregon. C Cottermnn, chief cierk of the Railway Mail Service, in r harjre of the lines in Oregon, \\> shinuton and Northern Idaho, la in town conferring with Superintendent Flint of the Railway Mai Service. Cnarlie Ficltert, Stanford's giant foothill prtmrd and ex-captain, arrived here yesterday frnm his father's ranch in the mountains nenr Tehachapl, Mhe - e he has buen toughening up for the coming season's games. Among tho arrivals at the Palace yesterday was Mrs. Grenviile Dud ere of Now York, wife of General Dodge, one of tne directors of the Union Pacific. Mrs. Dodge is accompanying her mother on a pleasure tour of the West. ProfessoT Samuel Jacques Brun, for the last four years connected with the department of French Rt Sianford University, was yesterday admitted to practice before the Supreme Court in this City uj.om certificate from the New York bar. Dr. Newton Booth Waller of this City, a graduate of the medical department of the University of California and an interne of the Cltv and County Hospital, is going to Europe to «pend two years in study at the principal hospitals of Europe. He will be accompanied by Dr. Robert Morrow, son of Robert F. Mor row of this City. Congressman Warren B. Hooker, chairman of the House Committee on Kivenand Har bors, and Congressman Sherman, ex-Mayor of Utica, N. V., and chairman of the Committee ou Indian Affairs, are expected to arrive here to-day, when they will bo shown about the bay by Dan T. Cole and in tho evening di;:ed at the Union League Club. CALIFORNIANS IN NEW YORK. NEW YORK, N. V., Aug. 23.— At tho St. Cloud— J. Mayor ; Metropolitan— W. E. Ben neson; St. Denis— A. Bru«nn, Mr. and Mrs. D. Stark; Barthoidl— E. P. Denipsey; Park Ave nue—C. Griffith; Cosmopolitan— S. Hendy, G. J. W. Stark; Broadway Central— Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Lesig, J. G. Mather; Murray Hill— G. B. McAneny. A. Halsey left the Bt. Cloud ana sailtd on ths Lahn for Bremen. A. Messager and Mrs. Y. Cougliian are here buying. WITH YOUR COFFEE. She— l did not expect to see you. Somebody told me you bad met with an accident the other day. Ue— Oh, no; that was my brother. She— l'm so sorry.— Pick Me Up. Old Millyuns— Young man, my daughter tells me you kissed her last night. Percival Tootles— Well, if she wants to go bragging about it that's her privilejc.— Chi. cago Record. "He has consulted every prominent doctor in the country, and now they say hie case is hopeless." •'Why, I thought he expected to do cured this season." "But that was before his money ran out."— Life. She— The Count, you know, can trace his family back 800 years." He— Ah! Through the bankruptcy court records, I suppose.— Texas Sittings. "You referred to him as the professor V "Certainly." "Of mathematics?" "Certainly nor. Ha used to make balloon ascensions when he was younger."— Chicago Post. "How old are you, little girl?" asked the kind lady of a 3-year-old. "l's not old at all," was the reply. "I's most new."— Harper's Bazar. Mrs. Tenspot— l am so glnd that you are en gaged to Harold Willoughby. Was It a long courtship ? Miss Skidmore— Not very. My cyclometer registered about 100 miles.— Judge. Maud (earnestly)— l want to ask you a ques tion, George. George (also earnestiv)— What is it, dearest? Maud (still earnestly)— lf you had never mot me would you have loved me just tho jeme?— Judy, UNCLE SAM— "Never punctured my tire." [Nob York Pre=s ] PUBLIC &ATHS. £an Francisco, Cal., August 22, 1897. rear Sir: With reference to the subject of municipal ownership of public utilities, so much discussed nowadays, there is an article on the subject of pubic baths and wash houses in the Bulletin of Labor (issued by Car roll D. Wright) for July that is well worthy of attention. It is an old gftying that cleanliness is next to godliness, and it is quite certain that unciean conditions and surroundings have decided effects upon character and morals. The man whose person, clothes and environments are dirty is naturally shunned, and as a result he soon loses confidence in htms.-lf, loses his self respect and moral character. Very few people care to be dirty nnd covered with vermin; certainly no one likes to be shunned. It is therefore bbvious that men are dirty in the great majority ol cases simply and no ely because they haven't the means to get clean. The thousands of men who sleep In the 5 aod 10 cent lodging-houses that are now be coming so numerous have but little facilities for even washing their bands ana faces and absolutely none for washing their bodies. The same poverty that compels them to sleep in 10-cent lodging-houses denies them the means of washing their persons and clotnes. It Is idle to deny this or quibble upon the subject. Since tho L,lek Bath managers raised the price from 5 to 10 cents there has been a very great decrease in the number of bathers, thus proving that even 10 cents is too much for many people. From the description of public bath and wash hou-es in hngland (in the article io which I referred) it seems that a person can get a swimming bath for 4 cents ana a hot bath for 2 Cints. The wasnhouses are litted wi;h boilers, tub?, -wringers', dryer*, mangles and flat-irons, by which a woman (or man) can wash, dry and iron an entire lamiiy's wiis-h in about one hour (the clothes are dried in about len minutes), and the cost is only 3 cents. Consider what an Improvement such an ar rangement is; no damp, sloppy, rooms, no wet clothes hanging up tor two cr three days to dry, the inevitable accompaniments of home washing. One hundred and ninety-one Eng:i3h towns nave these public bath ami wash houses. They do not cost so much as some people may think. For instance, the total cost of one cf the establishment* in London, where land is very dear, wa« $174, including the cost of the land. TnU egiabhsumeni had one ti.-st class swimming bath, 182 by 40 feet, with 140 drefsine cabins; one ■ocond-oiuwtwlamiag bstb, 100 by 35 ieet, wi'.h .-evonty-one cabin**, and one women's bwlraralnc rmth. 75 by "5 feet, besides 108 private lUL-bitn r00m.% auil a washhouse and laundry with accomnioda tion f>r forty-nine c.othes-washers at once. Tae most t-xpensive public esiab isnmeni of tliis nature In London cost only (520.15 L Moping that t:ie ior«.-goiug will n.tn.ct some attcatiou to this subject, yours truly. THOMAS BERSFORD. THE RIGHi MEihOD. Pan Francisco, Cal., Aug. 23, 1897. Editor Coil: You article of Sunday, headed '■T.ie Ordenl of Equalization," is the only editorial that has been written by fcidr. Fran cisco journals an the subject for the pnst half dozen years, and as one of the taxpayers of this City who has watched this particular thing I want to congratulate you on starting a movement in the rignt direction. Allow me space enough to add that to my know. edge for the pa»t three or four years our Ci:y officials have acted a farce v.ith re spec i to the State Board oi Equalization. Lc.ok at lan year. What was done? When ian Frincisco was cited not one of our howliig ofliciiils wns jrc-ent. We not only insulted the State Board, but we did worse— put i.i ti.e hanUs of '..'hesebrougi*., member from Uih ois lnet, data turn lie knew little of and which were not backed up by facts. He perturin<. d h strange proceeding by acting as attorney find juJfje as weli, and ended the who.c lmce by oeing voted down. The sooner we learn that the State Board is made u;> o! experienced, able men in the mat ter of assessments, and that such men are not to be trifled with, the better it will be for the tsxpayers. Let us send men able to copo with the State Board and go about the matter as outlined by your journal. C. S. BRYAN'S uILEMMA. San Francisco, Aug. 23, 1897. To the Editor of the >an Francitco Call— Sir: W. J. Bryan wires the Examiner in reply to an inquiry about that "pass" that he Is a stock holder in the World-Herald Company of Omaha ana got his pass on "advertising ac count." His being a stockholder does not en title him to a pass. Now, the question is, Did Mr. Bryan have an order from the Word- Herald upon the Southern Pacific Company for a free pass on advertising; account? If not, upon what grounds did he make the applica tion? Ask the railway company. Again, what particular obj?ct could the Central or Southern Pacific have in advertis ing in Omaha? I believe the Examiner had a contract for advertising with tne Southern Pacific some r.me ago, but did not live up to it. I think the advertising dodge is about played out. j. v. MEN AND WOMEN. Glsdstone's prescription for keeping well and living long is to cnew each bite of food •seventeen times. The porter of the Paris Bourse recently died, leaving a fortune of $50,000. He had been employed thirty years at a sa'.ary of $240 a year. Ha evidently pot rich on "tips." Ncah Roby of New Brunswick, N. J., has just recovered his sight, after being blind lor ten years. He is said to be 125 years old, and hopes to break the ace record. The Rev. C. W. Lee ol Vevay, Ind., whom the Republicans have nominated for Congress to succeed the late W. S. Holman, is a retired Methodist minister who has become a pros perous farmer. John Howard Bryant, a brother of the poet, William Cullen Bryant, who lives at Prince ton, 111., js himself a poet. On his ninetieth birthday, July 22, a reunion of the family will be held at his home. _ It is announced that Sarah Bernhardt In tends to play In London tb« title role In "Ham let." If her attempt is crowned with succesb— which a Parisian critic Ihinks is certain— she will play "Hamlet" in Paris next winter. No more eleeant compliment was ever paid to a preacher than that of King Louis XIV of France to Jean Baptiste Mas-sillon, Bisnop of Cermont. fciaid he: "I have heard many great preachers, and the effect they produced on me was that I felt thoroughly satisfied with them- Every time I heard you I have been dissatisfied with myself." The wife of tne late Professor Agassiz was one morning putting on her # stockings and boots. A little scream attracted the profes sor's attention. Not having risen, he leaned forward anxiously on his eibow and inquired what was the matter. "Why, a littlo snnke has just crawled out, of my boot !" cried she "Only one, my dear?" interrogated the pro fessor, calmly lying down again. "There should have been three." t He had put them | tnere to keep them warm, FRATERNAL DEPARTMENT. Golden Gate Parlor Wants Flags r>is- played la This tity on September 9. Golden Gate Parlor No. B<J of the Native Pops of the Golden West is anxious that on Admission day every person who has 8 flag staff over or in front of his house and owns an American flag should display tnat flag on the 9ih of Septemb?r. Trie members of tho par lor say that the 9ih of September is tne State's natal day, and that on ear-b anniversary the American flag should be floated everywhere, not only in this City, but iv every part of thu State, to fhow that Californians are glad tbai they «re in the Union, nnd to show lunher that patriotism is not dormant. This parlor, of which Mar:in C. Eichel is president and A. Eberhardt is recording secre tary, is actively engaged in making arrange ments for a fine appearance in the Admission day parade in Santa Rosa. Tne members have rrocuiect a neat uniform, and tney expect to be In the front rank of the parlors making fins displays. Piedmont Parlor, X. D. G. TV. Piedmont Parlor of Oakland, at its meeting held last week in Loring Uali, had quite a. large attendance, and initiated one caudidate. This parior, which of late has been makinp considerable progress, will visit Santa Rosa on the 9th of September a:ici will tate part in the parade. Quite a number of the members have signified lheir intention to be on hand at the celebration, and tfforts are being made to have a good numerical strength in line. Court El Duraiiu, F. O. A. The nith social given last Saturday night by Court El Dorado No. 31 of the Foresters of America, In Union square Hall, was a great social success. Taere were present a large number of young people who enjoyed tbe fine programme of d»nces tnat hud been prepared lor them. The affair was under the management of the fol lowing-named; Committee of arrangements- William Bunemann, Alvin 6. Maas, F. Peder son, A. M. Be«cn, Charles Burgess; reception committee— Cliarlf s Magiunis, A. F. Wad«, H. J. Mahler. Benjamin Posner, F. E. Kroeper, H. Cau'vet; fl >or manager, Charles Kurg.-ss; floor committee- -Emil Henry, Louis Ben<iewaic!, J. C. Webber, H. J. Miller, *: H, Maas, E. J. Stan ley. I-* Egtrella Tarlor, N. D. G. tT. The following-named were the participants in the rntertftinmeat recently given by L> Estrella Panor of the Native Daughters of t:ie Golden West; M::s Dora Bahr, zither !<olo; s<^ni£ and donee. Miss Flossie (.r.aOson ; spec al lies, Frank and Georee Bush ; recitation. Miss Conn. This r.ar.or Is mnking arrangements to so to Santß Rosa to take pnrt iv tte procession on Admusiuu day. Kn : glits of Pythias. Alfred Perrier and J. E. Slinker have or ganized a new lodgi of Kn ighis of Pvthia« in Sau-alito, and at a mee'ing to be he d this evening in Bellrinle's Hnll in that place steps will be tf>ken to prepare lor the institution of tho new body. The Orphans' IToin*, I. O. O. r. The board of trustees of the Orphans' Homo of tbe Independent Order of Odd FeUou*. be ing built at Gilroy, have tne assurance of the contractors that the buiidiuewill be com pleted in time to enable the noard to furnish the rooms and t pen the home on the Ist of October. The dedication ot the home will take place in the latter p.irt of October. CALLING THE COWS. I shall never hear her more By ihe r«?rfv L'nflis shore. "Cusha! Cusha! Cusha!" calling, J.ie Uii' early deue be falling; I shall nfVfr ln-ar her song, •■I ishii! C usha!" ail elotig, Where the sunny I.iudis Siowetb, Uot.h, flowelh; From the raeads where meilck sroweth, When il)» water wind ng down Onward flowt-th to th« town. I sbail never se ■ her more \\ heie the reeds and rushes quiver, (Shiver, quiver: StRDd bes de iue sobbing river, i-obbinK. throbbing, in us falling To the sandy, lonesome shore: 1 shall never hear her cnli.uff, "Leavp your meadow grassas mellow, low, mellow: Quit you cowslips, cowslip* yellow: Come uppe, Wnitefoot, ccme uppe, Llghtfooi; Quit your pipes of parsley hollow, ! Hollow, hollow; ' Come uppe. Llghtfoot, rise and follow; LighUont, Wbtiefuot, From your clovers lift the bead ; Come uppe, Jetty, follow, follow, Jetiy, to ihe miikin;-shed." Jean- Ixqelow. NICKEL IN THE SLOT. Gambling Machines Not Pro tected by the Patent Laws of the United States. Important Decision Rendered by Cir cuit Judge Morrow Which Abolishes Eoyalties. United States Judge Morrow yesterday rendered an opinion in favor of the de fendants in the case of Gustnv F. W. Schultz acainst Theodore Holtz and others in an p.ciion in equity to restrain the defendants fioin infringing on the complainant's patents on certain nickel in-the-siot machines. The meat of the opinion is as follows: In this case the verified answer not only de nies tnat the invention is new and useful, but alleges a specific fnrt, wnich, If true, disposes of the question of utility. It charges diiectiy that the apparatus is used for gambling pur roses and that it cannot be used for any other purpose. Oiearly this is an allegation which, under the rule, should be treated as testimony in favor of the defendant, and in view of the fact that the complainant has introduced no testimony lo support the patent, it is, in my judgment, sufficient to entitle the defendant to a decree In his favor. In patent 514,661 the inventor sets forth the object of the machtne a3 follows: In my previous machine and in this the main object i» to return the coin deposited in the machine or the equivalent thereof, in ca*e a predetermined re-ult be not arrived at, other wise to retain said coin. This result may be of any suitable character, as. for example, the telling of a fortune, widen may be HftVcted by means oi a prepared list of statements corre sponding to tne various positions of the indi cating di.-k. '•There is certainly no utility apparent in this device," said Jud^e Morrow. "Let a decree be entered for the defendants with cost." The decision will strip the royally from the saloon machine*. Any body may make them witii impunity. • — ■»■ — • Every woman knows some man who would be immensely rich instead of poor if "lie had his wife's energy.'- Atkiuson (Kans.) Glob*. ON E BON D MUST BEAR IT ALL Postmasters Responsible for the Peculations of Clerks. Only Exceptions to the Rule Are Acts of God or of Public Enemies. William J. Bryan's Sureties Must Make Good Ten Thousand Dol lars That Were Stolen. United Slates Circuit Judge Morrow rendered an interesting opinion yesterday mornine to the effect that a Postmaster is ; liab.e upon his official bonds for the money embezzled by one of his cJerk% even tbough tae clerk may nave been ap pointed under the civil service acr. Tbe suit was brought against William J. Bryan as principal and Jesse D. Carr, William Matthews, William W. Stow and Henry Miller as sureties on bis official bonds of $300,000. executed by them on. July 14, 1886. Biyan wa6 Postmaster of; San Francisco from Juno, 1886, to June 30, ■ 169 a The particular breach of the conditions of ihe bond alleged is that Bryan neglect ed to render his account to the Postofflce Department as required by law, amount ing to $9399 £8, no part of which had been paid: Bryan's answer set up as a defense was was that the $9389 8S was embezzled by James 8. Kennedy, a clerk in the Post office of San Francisco, who helU bis cftije under tbe civil service rule.-. Ken nedy was subsequently convicted of the crime. .. ,, ~\'. >'- Counsel for the United States demurred to tbat part of the answer which set up that Bryan was not responsible because the clerk was not his appointee, but had been appointed and held his office under tbe civil eervice laws of the United States. In the decision sustaining the demurrer JuJge Morrow says: The liability of a public officer upon bin official bond is governed to a large extent by the terms of the bond itself and the du'.ies Im posed upon him by law. The terms of the uonds sued on in this case are absolute. No exceptions are provided for. The condition cf the obligation was that he should faithfully discharge all the duttes and trusts imposed on him either by law or tne rules and reguiit tions of the PosK Eice Department, etc. Th^ law?, rules and regulations required him to nccouni for all the nioneyi received by him as Posima=ter. It is admitted by the answer that he dirt not p°count for the sum sued for, viz.. $9399 88. Nownere, either in the law or in the rules and regulation* of the Postofiice Department is there any provision re easing a Postmaster from his reliability to the Government where money-order fuiids of whicn he had tne pos bession have bean embezz ed by a clerk who nekl his office as such under the civil service laws oi the ['nited Stales. The court certainly canuot import such an exception into the con ditions of the bond. Here Judge Morrow quotes from Justice McLean of the Supreme Couri oi tlie Doited States as follows: The oh ipation to keep safely the money is at>s hue. without my condition expressed or implied, and nothing but the payment of v \\hei requ. red can discharge ih« bond. Pub lic policy r. quires that evi_ry depositor 01 the public :i oiicy *houid be held to a strict ac countability. Not only that he should exer cise the Highest degree 01 vigilance, but that he should keep saiely the rnoueys wnich coma y> bit hands. Any relaxation of this condi tion would opeu the <loor to frauds which might be practiced with impunity. A depositary would have nothing more to do than to lay his plans and arrange h:8 proofs. so as to establish his loss w.thout laches on his p*rt. Let such a principle be applied t'> our Postmaster. 5 , Collectors of th« custom', receivers oi public moneys and others who receive more or less of the public fundi, and what losses might not be anticipated by the public? No such principle has been recog nized or admitted as a legal defense. Judsre Morrow goes on to say that the only exceptions sanctioned by the authori ties are the act of God or of a public enemy, and concludes: As the present case does not come within elinerof the exceptions thus recojjnizeu it is difficult to see how the defendants, though harsh it may *eem 10 be, can escape the ex acting measure of liability which the Govern ment, ba*ed unoo principles of sound public policy, requires oi those public officials who handle the public moneys. The demurrer to the answer was there* upon sustained. BIEDS WERE IN GOOD POEM. Olympic Gun Club Knjoy » Day's Sport at Ingleside. The regular monthly live-bird shoot of the O ympic Gun Club was hold at the Incleside shooting park Sunday after noon. The weather was unusually favor able. The birds proved cood without an exception and the scores made speak favorably of the form of the shooters. Peterson was not in his usual form, but the scores made by Feudner, Haighr, Qolcher and Murdock were above tho average. Hart killed eleven birds out of the twelve, but his success was mo3tly due to the second shot. An unusually* large number of birds dropped outside of the bounds, which accounts to a certain extent for some of the smaller scores which were ma ie dur ing the day. Following is the result: O. Fendner 11. C. A. Haight 11. H. C Goicher 11. Roos 8. Neustadter 9. Slade 10, F. J. Schultz 7, X A. Schultz 8. Edwards 11, Carr 8, Hart 11, Fishbact 10, Owens 7, M. K. Uneer 9. Peterson 7, Murdoct 11. F. Vernon 8, H. Vernon 11, S.oane 6, Allen 8. California siace fruits. 503 lb. Townsenl'i* Special information daily to manufacturers, business houses and public men by the Pres* Clipping Bureau (Alleii't), 510 Montgomery. ■ It seems Mther paradoxical to say that the raising 01 things that nobody warns Is a sign of agricultural prosperity, but the truth of tho remarfc is demonstrated whenever a farmer raises a mortgage from his farm. — Rochester Democrat. yew to-day: Royal makes the food pure, wholesome and delicious. PQWDESS Absolutely Pure ROYAL GAKINO POWDER CO., H£W YORK.