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etc ■Salter-' fell SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 1 1, 1807 JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor. Address All Communications to W. S. LEAKE, Manager. PUBLICATION OFFICE 710 Market street, Ban Francisco Telephone Main 186-;. EDITORIAL ROOMS 5-7 Clay street Telephone Main 1874. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL (DAILY AND SUNDAY) is served by carriers in this city and surrounding towns for 15 cents a week. By mail $6 per year; per month 05 cents. THE WEEKLY CALL. One year, by mall, f1.50 OAKLAND OFFICE 903 Broadway _ NEW YORK OFFICE Booms 31 and 32, 34 Park Row. BRANCH OFFICES— S27 Montgomery street, corner Clay; open until 9:30 o'clock. 339 Hayes street; open until 9:30 o'clock. 615 Larkln street; op.-n until 9:30 o'clock. SW. corner Sixteenth and Mission streets; open until 9 o'clock. 2518 Mission street; open. until 9 o'clock. 1243 Mission street; open until 9 o'clock. 1505* Folk street; open until 9*30 o'clock. NW. corner Twenty-second an'! Kentucky streets; open till 9 o'clock. WHAT GRADE OF CRIME? THE Examiner yesterday was guilty of obtaining money by false pretenses, an act that ranks a3 a misdemeanor, or may at times rise to the dignity of a felony. The Call Is ready to admire enterprise even in a contem porary it is denied the pleasure of esteeming, but it is opposed to the sale of gold bricks, unless the bricks bo genuine. The "extra" issued by the Examiner Friday morning was not enter prise. It was the visible token of a desire to impose on a public already forced through recrular issues of that paper to suffer much. There was no valid excuse for the yellow flakes of joui.' nali>m with which the City was bestrewed— the shower consti tuted an impertinence. Professing to give news on subjects concerning which interest is at fever beat they cave what 5s technically known as a "rehash" of information familiar days ago. The accompanying illustrations were old-stock cut's, -erne of them already printed at least once, nnd having no pots tibie bearing on any late developments; simply such cuts, as are evidently kept on hand to be used in what the master min-Js of saffron journalism consider to be an emergency. To them, a profitable opportunity to deceive people is an emeigency. In this extra was an abundance of large type. A line reacjti ing heroically across five columns announced. "Etarvatiion Stalks at Dawson!" That starvation is doing this is a melan choly circumstance long predicted and repeatedly verified. I'he arrival of the Cleveland at a British Columbia port was m ide the occasion for the extra, and yet the Cleveland, sailins bu.t a few hours alter the National City, brought absolutely nothing concerning tbis pdint that had not been brought earlier. It simply confirmed reports so well authenticated that no shacfjow of doubt as to their somber accuracy bad remained. Bu'. an extra means nickels. Nickels appeal to the master minds hereinbefore mentioned. So the story of starvation, the sitme •story that can be read in any paper printed in the last week, set forth anew. The stranding of the Weare was detailed agpin without the addition of a shred of a fact. The loss of two blades of the Excelsior's propeller was the one incident connected with Klondike which appeared amidst all ihi-? mess of words and office rubbish. Thi breaking of these b'aiea would not, however, justify a wild, triple-hea-ded alarum. Other reported information in relation to that boat Is vague and stale. It is said, for instance, to have a certain amount of treasure aboard. Nobody confirms the tale, lt is only the estimate of people exercising their right to guess, and who Lave been guessing forlo! these many days, as reference to files of any local paper will demonstrate. Apparently without the knowledge of the editor one item of actual news strayed in, but it was lost in the tea of slash, bad nothing to do with the gold field and was not urged in mitigation of the offensive extra. Taken at its worst — which from a news standpoint is its best — tbis news was less startling than has lately turned up daily in some portion of the United States, without producing any extra affliction, It was so vague that the painful thought arose that another extra would be necessary to explain that the yarn was amputated from the leg of an Andree pigeon, these birds being notoriously prone to trifle with human faith. The measure of confirmation vouchsafed one paragraph of the extra affords no shadow of excuse for the crime of obtain- ing money by false pretenses. If the Examiner desires to utterly lose the confidence of the people, already severely wrenched and never very secure, it could find no more effective way than the production of bogus extras, the hawking of chest nuts. Readers of the Mission-street daily are accustomed to incidental confidence games, but not to seeing the whole estab lishment resolve itself into one big game. When an episode at a theater is expanded into a "panic," so that accounts may oc cupy the better part of a page, they have learned to conclude there was no panic and to look elsewhere for confirmation even of the episode. Yet to eel out an extra edition on a purely bunko basis is felt to be pressing the limit. Perhaps the young men who run the Examiner now have teen given a large supply of rope in the hope that tbev may hang themselves. Laudable as the object, the method involves hardship to the deluded and innocent outsider. Information is sent over anew that Queen Victoria, during the late misunderstanding in thi3 country, "saved the Union." It was very kind of ber, indeed, nnd suggests the statement of the small boy that pins bad saved thousands of lives. It will be remembered that when the small boy was pressed for par ticulars he kindly cleared the matter by explaining tha; this had been done "by not swallowing them." Shall Squirrel Hollow, lone tbe scene of the Innocent gamboling of its frisky-tailed natives, be given-over to a lot of imported monkeys subject to the mange? An impression that it won't is steadily growing. Real estate gentlemen so fortunate as to own the place will have to think of a new deal, or keep it. One way to overcome the motion of a streetcar is to let the car collide with another, and stop in fragments, A second way is to provide tbe car with brakes. Tbe latter plan commends itself, and it could be wished the Southern Pacific might over come its prejudice against it. Each vessel from the north fails to bring any considerable amount of treasure, and in every instance explanation is made that the vessel next to follow will have the gold on board. For a time this was satisfactory, but careful scrutiny shows that It is wearing thin in spots. Some of the miners who returned on the Cleveland talk confidently about the dust they have accumulated, but.the uni formity with which tbey refrain from displaying it is remark able. A sight of yellow nuggets would do much toward sus taining a waning faith. Will somebody in possession of inside Information please state what influence is delaying the Hall of Justice? There is a pull being exercised and it has been a long and strong one, and a pull altogether malign. Rev. Mr. Bliss is going to unnecessary trouble to deny what the Examiner has said about him. He should even be grateful that among all his troubles he does not number the approba tion of that paper. One of the marvels of everyday life is that when two theat rical people conclude to be divorced newsgatherers take it for granted that tbe whole world wants to hear about it. There is one difficulty in connection with the Floridan canal that is not receiving due attention. It would create an island, and then, of course, England would want the island. There is no denial of the existence of gold in the Klondike, but the persistence with which it stays there is going to be a long-drawn-out tragedy. If the Spanish naval attache at Washington has been spy ing along the Florida coast the presumption is safe that he is no gentleman. THE SAX FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1897. A NEEDED REFORM. i ■ THE sectional controversies and contests which arise every year over the action of the State Board of Equalizers in adjusting assessments among the counties of the State may be taken as sufficient evidence that something is wrong with our system of performing that important work. Allowing as much as we please for the tendency of taxpayers to be dis satisfied and to find fault with any assessment which may be laid upon their property, there remains the fact that where there is such general and continuous discontent there must be something to provoke it and prolong it. It has been the custom to attribute the causes of these dis contents to some man or set of men on the board. Year after year some of the Equalizers are set up as targets for public criticism, and are made the victims of every form of verbal as sault, from mean insinuations to open and outrageous charges of official misconduct. As the same attacks are made, how ever, against each succeeding board, it is clear the blame must lie elsewhere than in its membership. The board changes, but the discontent remains, and if we are to allay the cause of the ill feeling we must apply another remedy than the oft-tried one of attacking the members. The real cause of the evil lies in the manner in which the board is constituted. As the system stands the law assumes that the various sections of the State are antagonistic to one another, and provides for a member of the board to represent each section. As a consequence each Equalizer is regarded by his constituents as a representative elected to look after their interests. The member must do his best to have low assessments on the counties of his district, while putting high assessments on others. Each Equalizer, being thus ex pected at least to work for local advantages rather than for the State at large, is commended or condemned in proportion as he succeeds in that object. As a consequence of this condition of affairs we have the perennial charge that some Equalizers are trying to cinch the city, while from the interior comes the equal charge that other Equalizers are trying to cinch the country. No member of the board can wholly escape these charges, and it is inevita ble that with the best intentions in the world to do justice he must be inclined to seek favor with the taxpayers in the dis trict from which he was elected rather than from those of an- other district, who neither voted for him in the first instance nor could aid him in his re-election. The only remedy for the evil is to abolish equalization dis tricts and have all members of the board elected from the State at large. As each member will then have a constituency as ■tr™ ■■*&- -^ **■**' f *tAttavs**x , fctqiasHt^r - "*■■""-■** wide as the State itself there will be an end to sectional rival- ries and antagonisms as far as the board is concerned. The people will cease to regard some particular Equalizer as their special representative and to look with distrust upon all the others. Out of such a change there would come, a better tone of public opinion on this subject and a fairer system of equaliz ing taxes. This, therefore, is one of the changes that should be made in our government, and the sooner it is made the better. A MATTER OF COMMON-SENSE. ■ ; *09tet*6»datMCBH-V' - -^r*eMHinatMßß>*i THE question whether or not it would be wise policy at the present time to establish at the Mission a foul-smelling zoological garden is invested with many considerations which intimately concern tbe comfort and well being of the entire population of San Francisco. Granting for the moment tbat a collection of wild animals at the place mentioned is necessary for the intellectual development of the youth of this city; granting tbat the propositions to sell land for such a park have no selfish interests behind them; granting also that the people of the Mission are yearning for the establishing among them of an odorous "monkey ranch," (Which is far from being the fact, what shall be said regarding the business expediency of spending this year 5400,000 of the people's money for such a purpose? In other words, is not that sum altogether too much to pay for the zoological whistle? According to recent reports from Sacramento, the tax rate this year will approximate 50 cents on the $100 of valuation. The State Board of Equalization, by reducing the assessment of thirty-six counties, Las cut over $70,000,000 off the taxable prop erty of the commonwealth, and has thus increased the rate. If the annual levy for State purposes does not exceed 50 cents we shall be fortunate. Locally, the rate for general purposes cannot fall much below $1 25, and if the Supervisors make full provision for the County Clerk, the shorthand reporter*, the Street Department and the other municipal offices for which it has been the custom to make inadequate appropriations it will go above that figure ty several cents. In any event, the tax levy for State ana city purposes cannot be less than $1 75 on the $100, and it may be more. It is not necessary to take a gloomy view of the financial condition of this city to assert that at this time a tax rate of $1 75 will fully meet the most sanguine expectations of its tax paying people. Every cent pied upon that sum will be nn unnecessary burden on the industry, business and energy of the city. Property-owners and the mercantile community should not be asked to pay any more, and they will not pay any more without protest. In truth, until they fully recover from the depressing effects of the recent commercial calm, they should not be asked to pay any more. The question then is, Should the tax-paying masses be re quired at this time, ia order to appease the avarice of a small number of real estate speculators, to contribute $400,000 for the purchase of a foul-smelling animal preserve at the Mission? What sane person can answer this inquiry in tbe negative? What business man, possessed of a grain of common-sense, were be managing the affairs of the city, would contemplate such an expenditure under similar circumstances? Nor is this all. If $400,000 is to be expended this year in "improving" San Francisco, there are many other avenues in which it can be used with greater benefit to the people. The city at present owns about 151 miles of accepted streets. These thoroughfares have been constructed by the property-owners and are now and for all time will be a charge upon the general treasury. During fifteen years past little or no money has been spent upon them. There are hundreds of blocks which are in a bad* state of repair and hundreds of other blocks which are upon the verge of ruin. Half a million dollars could be profit ably devoted to the accepted streets of this city at once. Indeed, unless double this sura is spent upon them within a very short time, the greater portion will be beyond repair. Prudence dic tates that an appropriation.be immediately made for main taining.the bituminous rock that has been accepted and for re moving and repairing the stone that is now well nigh worn out. . The accepted streets are not the only decaying municipal work which gives the frugal taxpayer concern. We have no sewer system. A few years a^o a Republican Board of Super visors created a Sevage Commission and invested it with power to devise a drainage system adequate to the wants of the growing metropolis. A few months afterward a Democratic board came along and, in order to get the money appropriated where its taxeaters could absorb it, abolished the commission and turned its work over to the Street Department. Since then nothing has been done toward devising a sewerage system or even repairing the present apology fora system. Yet this work will have to be done some day, and the longer it is delayed the more it will cost. One hundred thousand dollars ought to be spent this year in getting ready for the advent of a great sewerage system. In view of the necessity for the expenditure of large sums in these two departments of pressing public work, how silly it is for a small coterie of real-estate speculators to try to make us think that unless we establish a monkey ranch at the Mission this year the planets will bolt their orbits and the world will come to an end. Truly, the promoters of the odorous zoo must entertain a very low opinion of the intelligence of the people of San Fiancisco. But what shall be said of the newspapers that are helping their childish scheme along? Are they, too, under the impression that the taxpayers have gone mad and tbat all public sense has departed? . It looks tbat way. PERSONAL. C. H. Holmes, a dairyman of Kellogg, is at the Knss. "-."u'r-V E. J. Cahill, a rancher of San Martin, is at the Grand. Rev. Haskett Smith of Pasadena is at the Occidental. Dr. Thomas G. McConkey of San Diego is at the Baldwin. - Mrs. S. Keller of Bed'.ands, CaL, is at the Cosmopolitan. B. F. Schilling of Lafayette, Ind., is at the Cosmopolitan. F. Barker and wife of San Jose are at the Cosmopolitan. William Jackson Littel, U. S. X., is a guest at the California. Dr. H. N. Winton of Haywards is & guest at the Occidental. J. Gearhart, a mine-owner of El Dorado, is a guest at the Lick. Dan Sweeney, a railroad man from Omaha, is at the Occidental. G. McM. Ross, a mining man from Petaluma, is at the Occidental. R. H. Willey, an attorney of Monterey, is a late arrival at the Grand. Major J. H. Calef, U. a A., is at the Occident al accompanied by Mrs. Calef. ! Dr. George H. Jackson, a hotel man and farmer of Yuba City, is at the Grand. W. H. McMinu of Mission San Jose, a retired army officer, is registered at tha Lick. A. Moncure, manager of the Hearst ranch at Palermo, arrived yesterday at the Occidental. G. W. Harvey, a real estate and insurance agent of Stockton, is among the guests at the Grand. Fred H. Beach, a hardware manufacturer of Batavta, 111., is a recent arrival at the Occi dental. W. W. Gillett, an orchardM of Palermo, is at the Occidental accompanied by his wife and family. Professor R. E. Allardice.head of the depart ment of mathematics at Star-lord, is at the California. W. A. Brewer, a teacher in Brewer's St. Mat thew's Hall School at Sin Mateo, is visiting at Occidental, J. S. Craig, who has a copper mine near Yer rington, Nev., is at the Russ accompanied by bis wile and daughter. Colonel W. S. Stone, a cattle- raiser and min ing man of Yreka, is registered at the Russ with his wife and daughter. John Walton, a banker of Hongkong, ar rived at the Occidental yesterday from the Last and will soon sail for Cnina. W. L. Swain, an architect and builder of Marysville, is at the Grand with his wife on the way home from a two months' vacation. E. B. Kruttschnttt of New Orleans, a brother of the general manager here of the Southern Pacific Company, arrived yesterday at the Palace. D. C. McMillan, chief clerk at La Crosse. Wis., of the Chicago, Burlington and North western Railway, arrived here yesterday for a few days' stay. W. H. Miles, City passenger agent of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway, will leave here to-day tor Chicago on a two weeks' vacation trip. Henry T. Scott, president and treasurer of the Union Iron Works, was last Wednesday elected director of the Croeker-Woolworth Bank to fill the vacancy occasioned by the recent death of Colonel Chßrles F. Crocker. CALIFORNiANS IN NEW YORK. NEW YORK, N. V., Sept. 10— At the Con tinental—J. 8. Punnigan; Plaza— Mr?. Mary B. Milliard; Sturtevar.t— W. A. Williams, Mrs. J. H. Shields; Stunrt— Klein; Vendome— P. Lipsei; Broadway— J. Ilartman. The S aie brought in Mrs. and Agnes Ehrenberg, Miss Hattle Ehrenberg. Mr. Loci and Miss Elize Segemay. OUT OF THE WORLD. Out of the world of wrack and wrong, Into the world of jo-- and sons: Out of the lima of strain and stress, I. to th" land of happ nes«, Ail of a summer day. 'i Is good to steal a quiet boar: 'Tls pood to feel the subtle power Of wood and wave and quiet ways, And the wo drum spell of a maiden's gaze, All of a summer day. For sorrow comes and death apace. And all the woes of a wanton race From dar* despair to deep dUxr-ce— Ate crowded Into the little space Of one brief summer day. A Po out of the world of wrack and wrong Come to the beautiful world of song, Where blossoms blow and streamlets flow; Forget that lite Is lull Of woe .For one brief summer day. —The I'urlcan. RAINIER OR TACOMA? New York Sun. One might as safely flaunt a red rag In the faco of a spirited bull as call the great vol canic peak, southeast of Puget Sound, Mount Tticoma, when a Seattle man Is near. On the other band, If he refers to the- distinguished summit as Mount Rainier, he is likely to be the victim of personal violence if a Tacoma man is by. It is harrowing to be Impale on cither horn of the dilemma. Our advice to all visitors to Puget Sound Is to do as the Romans do when in Rome. .snout for Mount Rainier In Seattle, hurrah for Mount Tacoma in Tacoma, and if you really cannot defer thus far to intense local prejudices, gaze on the treat peak, when the clouds wilt let you, in rapt admiration, and keep your mouth shut. It is only fair to say that our Board on Geo graphical Names, contrary to the prevailing usage in the Royal and other geographical so cieties, which declare in favor of retaining aboriginal names, has adopted the name of "Mount Rainier," which also appears in many ol the best atlases. All honest writer*, how ever, will recognize the fact that in dally, ordi nary usage the mountain goes under two dis tinct names. Our distinguished geologist and geographer, C. K. Gilbert, did his duty in this regard when he wrote, over a year ago: Vancouver, the navigator, who saw the peak from Fuget Sound In 1791', named It ln honor of Admiral Rainier of the KrltlMi navy. More re cently Tacoma, one of the Indian names, has been revived, aDd current usage Is divided. Meanwhile the old mountain will remain one ol the most splendid summits in America, and the petty bickerings of rival communities over its name can never disturb the calmness of its majesty. GLADSTONE ON THE NOVELISTS. lowa State Register, Mr. Gladstone has said recently that the cen tury has produced only two great novelists— Sir Walter Scott and George Eliot. We accept the decision of the grand old man as nearly correct. We would have edged in Thacxeray, but it doesn't matter, Sir Walter Scott and George Eliot are so clearly foremost that wo can have no great dispute with the ex-Pre mier. If he had named more than two, Thack eray would have come in for honorable men tion, and bo would Dickens and Charlotte Bronte, but restricting himself to only two we do not see how he could have omitted either Scott or Eliot. Dickens treated life as a car icaturist, a gen He caricaturist, but a caricatur ist nevertheless. He was a great and: enter taining writer, but as a novelist he was not equal to either of the two named by Mr. Glad stone. Tnackeray treated life frem a different standpoint. He was more severe on the foibles of mankind, but he also exaggerated human characters. Mr. Gladstone's judgment Is won derfully good, and we shall not be surprised to see It become the judgment of the next century. INCREASING HUM OF FACTORY WHEELS. Buffalo Express. It Is Impossible to follow all the instances of the resumption of work. by mills in various parts of the country Just now. New England la particular appears to be well, favored by the wave of prosperity. From four important manufacturing centers, including Lowell, Mass., and Providence, R. 1., come reports of the opening of factories which had been shut down for longer or shorter periods. There Is a pleasing monotony aoout such news which is welcome to all but the professional pessi mists. .vS3*»»- r *es&*i^ SOME THREATS THAT FAILED. * hum limit i Tribune. It is not observed that the countries which were making that terrific protest against our new tariff three months ago are putting any of the implied threats. into execution. They know now what they knew then— that tbe bal ance of trade wis in their favor, and that they could not afford to carry out any of their threats. THE CIVIL SERVICE. Editor San Francisco Call— Sib: The editorial that appeared in The Call on August 29 call ins? attention to the defects in the so-called civil-service law having evoked an expression of the Tie>»s held by a protagonist thereof it is fitting that the antagonists of this farcical system should likewise express their views. The Call is correct in assuming a "flaw in the reform," though it does not go far enough In exposing the fallacy of so-called civil-service reform. Mr. O'Leary, who, I believe, is con nected with the customs service, and therefore an Interested advocate of Clevelandislic civil service, has not presented any argument cal culated to impress a thoughtful person with the efficacy of civil-service rules. The alleged academic test required to be passed by applicants for appointment to posi tions in the service of the United States has been generally urged as a favorable feature of civil service, but it is ted, and proof offered, that appointees of the Cleveland administra tion appointed before Cleveland issued his so called civil-service order guaranteeing them life tenure of office, contrary to the spirit of the founders ox our republican form of gov ernment, are occupying positions in this City, who are totally illiterate. Why should others be required to pass such an examination if the incumbents were not required to do so? It is totally ioreien to the spirit of a republi can form of government that a Ufa tenure class should be permitted in official places. It is about time that we ceased to ape the ideas of effete monarchies, which, of course, rely for stability upon the influential and privileged classes that compose their service on the life tenure basis. Lei us return to the good old republican ideas of our country's lathers, and under which we progressed with out difficulty before civil service was dreamed 01. There cannot be any valid objection to the appointing power filling the Government service with those whom it desires to appoint, so long as they are responsible to the heads ot me various departments and give satisfac tion in return. In a word, let the heads ot all offices appoint their subordinates at will, and hod them responsible for the faithful admin istration of affairs. The head ot the office can | TO-MORROW'S "GALL" g WILL CONTAIN I A REPLY TO WILLIAM J. BRYAN E BY 1 . JHOMAS B. PEED. g The Brainy Maine Statesman So i -J £ Vigorously attacks the arguments of the orator from £ the Banks of the Platte. The causes of E piQH-PRIGED WHE/\J/\j*lD LOW-J>RICED SILVER g A|JD QENER/\L ppOSf Epijy C Are explained with Mr. Reed's characteristic lucidity, >° Don't fail to read this great article in • I TO-nORROV'S "call." io be made responsible for the educational quail* fications of his subordinates as well as their capability. Thus the selling of information relating to the questions asked or supposed to be asked by the examiners would be a thing of the past, and the people of the United States would be saving every year $100,000 now paid out for a lot of useless civil service offi cials, who keep up a hue and cry for civil service reform that they may be benefited. E M. Galvin. San Francisco, September 8, 189?. WITH YOUR COFFEE. "Aren't you sometimes tempted by the ' stories of sudden wealth which come drifting in from undeveloped countries ?" asked the young man. "Don't you feel an impulse to go to Alaska and be a miner?" "No, sun," was the emphatic reply. "Glory is better than riches. I'd rather stay in Ken tucky and be a major, — Washington Star. "Say, Weary, there's a woman tryln'toget Congress to pass a law forcin' every man to marry." "I'll bet that's her only chance."—Cleve land Plain Dealer. The bicycle stopped suddenly. The old man went over the handle-bar and turned a complete somerset In the air. Then he sat down on the pavement — hard. "Now, you know how it feels to be whacked there," said the boy. And with a merry laugh he disappeared around the corner.— Chicago Evening Post. Soxey— Why are those things what widows wear called "weeds?" Knoxey— Because they spring up and choke the grief.— Pittsburg News. Penelope— did he send you for a wed ding present? • Pauline— Cut glass. Tene'ope— Ah, tableware, I suppose? Pauline— No; a necklace. Truth. Mother— Edith, go and see whether the clock is going! Edith (coming back)— No, mamma, it Is standing quite still, only its tail Is wagging a little.— Enquire Within. Brown (reading programme)— Ten years are supposed to elapse between the third and fourth acts. Jones— Come out and have something. I can't imagine ten years having elapsed during which I haven't had a drink!— Puck. Young housekeeper— My good man, can't you find a more useful life than that of a tramp ? . Tramp— are useful, madam. Just think of the number of divorces we prevent by eat ing young housekeepers' pies.— Judge. Mrs. Mashem— My do? and I have been sit ting lor our photographs as "Beauty and the Beast." ZsmWaWk Lord Loreus (a bit of a fancier}— Yes; he certainly is a beauty, Isn't he?— Punch. PARISIANS AND PURE FOODS. New York Tribune. Paris has just established a scheme which is a boon and means of protection to the poorer classes. Any citizen who entertains doubt as to the genuineness of an article of food or drink purchased from a Parisian tradesman may take it to the municipal laboratory and have it analyzed free of cist. If it is found to be adulterated it is the management ol the laboratory which undertakes the punishment of the offender without any further trouble to the purchaser. The tradesman is liable to heavy line, as well as imprisonment, and may be compelled by the police and by law to dis play conspicuously lv his shop window or over his door a large placard bearing the words: "Convicted of adulteration." ONCE A DOLLAR TO TRAVEL ' f WITH. Mexican Herald. A guidebook to Spain, dated 1855, casually mentions that "a Mexican dollar is valued at four shillings four pence." The recollection of thoso delightful days when a dollar was a coin to travel with and made a royal tip for a servant makes some of our older citizens pen sive. The veterans of the Vara Cruz Railway will tell the curious questioner of the time when they sold their dollars at a neat pre mium. Time ban flown and the eagle on" the dollar has also flown away with some of its value. . THE BLACKEST CHAPTER. Atlanta Constitution.' When the history of our convict lease sys tem is written lt will prove to be the blackest chapter In the history of Georgia. It Is a Pan dora's box out of which has swarmed a brood of evils — a brood teat is constantly multiply ing and growing. The most prominent among these evils we find fraud, corruption, brutal ity, butchery and a higb-handeu violation of the law. This net-work seems to be spread over the whole State. WONDERFUL OLFACTORY ORGAN. A Paris paper published a few days ago an account of a man who can see tiirougn his nose. This extraordinary person, it seems, was born blind, and by systematic training has been enabled to make his nasal organ take in some measure the place of his eyes. The story was read far and wide, and it Is sate to say that tbe majority of readers gave little credence to it. Extraordinary things are daily happening, but most of them are conceivable, and hence credible. But how is it possible for a man to see through his nose? Many asked this question and waited in vain for a satisfactory answer. If such per sons, says the New York Herald, will look into an old book, which was printed at Nurem berg in 1702. they will find a record of a case very similar to that recorded in the Paris journal. This boot is entitled "Oculus Arti- Teledioptricns Sine Telescopium Est, and it is the work of the distinguished Ger man scholar, Johann Zahn. Copies of it are very rare, ana the one which was consulted in the present instate.: was found in the Univer* sity of Bologna. The man who. according to Zahn, could see through his nose was a farmer. While ne was still an infant he met with a serious accident, which resulted in the loss of his right eye. A few years later he fell from a cherry tree and lost his left eye. His nose and left cheek were terribly mangled at the same time, and it was a year belore the wound was healed. When lie was well enough to go out of doors tho blind lad would sit tn the garden and warm himself in the sun. Now one day he fancied that he saw through his nose a dim ray of light. He was naturally puzzled, but next day he noticed the same un accountable phenomenon. Week after week and month after month he looked for this ray of light, and, strange to say, it not only never failed him, but as time passed it grew more constant and more potent, until, at the end of five years, he was able to see all objects within a reasonable distance. Here, however, is a curious fact. He was able to see all objects on the ground or in front of him, but he could not see any objects above him. Zahu vouched for the trutu of these statements and said that the dlstin guished physician, Helnrich Speziu3, was also re«dy to make an affidavit as to their truth. Skeptics may say that the man was sham ming, but, as both eyeballs were lost, it is dif ficult to see how shamming was possible. Ot course the man may have imaginea that he saw objects on the ground or in front of him, but, according to Zahn, he was subjected to tests which proved tothe satisfaction of all eye-witnesses that he was not Imposing on them. There must be some explanation of this amazing phenomenon and if there is really in France now a person who can see through his nose he certainly deserves to be made the sub ject Of serious study. MEN AND WOMEN. Lars Kike, who died not long ago in Norway, was the last Norwegian veteran of the War of 1811 between Norway and Sweden. Dickens left $500,000 to bis children, but all of his descendants are said to be poor. Not a writer of first-class ability has appeared among them. Russell Sage said to a reporter a few days ago: "I'll give you a point; Mr. Gould once gave it to 'What's past is history; what may be is mystery.' " Alexander Plater (colored) died in Calvert County, Md., the other day, at the age of 103 years. He lived In Calvert County all his life and was a slave until the emancipation of his race. Emperor William's imperial train cost $200, --000 and took three years to construct. There are altogether twelve cars, Including two nur sery carriages. All are elegantly fitted up and a bath Is a part of eech of the sleeping-cars. John Otis, who used to be known as the "milkman Congressman," is in Topeka, Kans.. in poor health and straitened circum stances, lie lost all his money ln the failure of a co-operative colony that he started some time ago in Colorado. There is an eminent physician in London who takes the position that the health of the people would be, on an average, better and the duration of human life longer, if there were not a practicing physician in the world. In other words, he favors the idea often tersely expressed in the words, "Physicians kill more people than they cure." WORLD'S END POSTPONED. Kansas City Journal. Professor Simon Newcomb in a recent ad dress tried to create a sensation with the old scare about our running into Alpha Lyras. He estimated, and as an estimator Professor New comb has no superior In this country, that we shall reach Alpha Lyrse In about a million years, or perhaps a half million— reach Alpha Lyrse, or. he added cautiously, the place where Alpha Lyras now Is. That is a clause which less honest astronomers fail to put in. . Geologists tell us that our solar system has b?en doing business for anywhere from ten million to a hundred million years, and if we are, going to hit Alpha Lyrae it seems as though we ought to have done It several mil lion years ago. But Alpha Lyras is something of a vagrant itself, and keeps moving on. So long as we have had this danger of a collision hanging over us we felt worried, but if it is only the place where me star now is that we are to hit— why, let's cheer np. The danger is no more real than the election of Bryan. .-■- : * THE PROOF-READER'S VERSION. Philadelphia Record. The old proof-reader was holding forth upon the question of typographical errors and their occasional influence on posterity. "The word ■hoodlum' is an instance of this," he said, as he knocked the ashes out of his pipe. "Out in San Fiancisco twenty-five years ago there was a notorious character named Muldoon, who was the leader of a gang of young ruffians. They were a terror to the community, and about as tough a lot of citizens as you could find on the coast, A reporter who had been assigned to a story in which they had figured undertook to coin a word designating the gang. He reversed the name of the leader and referred to them as 'Noodlums.' The com positor mistook the 'v* for an 'h' and as hood lums the word passed the proofreader. And now 'hoodlum' is a recognized word, and will probably survive." v * - REBEL STRENGTH IN CUBA. ;v~*W Kansas City star. It is some time since such news has been received from Cuba as is contained in the an nouncement of the march of the negro leader Banderas, from one end of the Island to the' other with 12,000 men. This march reveals an army -and with it a commander, Quintin Banderas. a worthy successor of Antonio Maceo. The proclamation of Banderas speaks of fais march as a triumph and of many acces sions to his ranks by desertions from the i-pani*ri regiment of Pizarro. Strength will attract strength. With armies in the place ot squads, and battles insieaa of skirmishes, the cause of Cuban independence is won. CAPTAIN HALL'S CLEVER TRICK Duped the Members of the Santa .Rosalia Bay Mining Company. By Giving Them a Fictitious Location of a Mine He Had Discovered. Barclay Henley and Other Prominent San Pranciscans Largely Inter ested in the Company. Quite a sensation was caused in mining circles on the 12th ult., when Captain A. W. Hall of East Oakland resigned from the Santa Rosalia Bay Mining Company. No reason was given by the captain at the time for the resignation, and the members of the company were at a loss to understand the meaning of his act. In the latter part ot 1593 Hall, while traveling overland by burro for the pur pose of relocating a copper and silver mine that he had located in Mexico in 1890, accidentally discovered a gold mine in Lower California, in the vicinity of Palm Springs. The dirt, when assayed in this City, panned out 133.14 ounces to the ton. Hall immediately informed several busi ness and professional men of bisvaluabe find, and the Santa Rosalia Bay Mining Company was organized and incorpor ated, and the following officers elected: Barclay Henley, president; C. B. Hender son, secretary; Mr. Nolan, treasurer, and 0. A. Macomber, general manager. Hall had informed the company, of which he was a member, that the mine was in the vicinity of Santa Rosalia Bay, Lower California. A capital stock of $100,000 was issued, and Hall was given one- third of it. His share was afterward reduced to one-fifth of the stock. Unon learning that bis share had been reduced Hall resigned. He organized another comnany of promi nent men, both of this City and Oakland, for the purpose of working the mine. The new company advanced sufficient money with which to fit out Hall's twenty ton schooner Grace for an ocean voyage. An abundance of supplies was put on board and a large amount of mining machinery. On Sunday morning, the 29th nit., at daybreak, the Grace, under command of Hall, sailed for Lower California, where Hall's mine is located. The vessel was fitted up in Oakland Creek, and the work was so secretly and quietly done that the members of the original Santa Rosalia Bay Mining Com pany were not cognizant of the fact that the Grace had sailed until so informed by a Call reporter this morning. It now develops that Hall gave the original company a fictitious location of his mineral claim, which is said to be about 900 miles from Santa Rosalia Bay. Hall was seen just before he sailed and said: "1 have duped Macomber and that crowd. I gave them a fictitious location of my mine, because I knew in the first instance that they would never do any thing toward .working it. They had the matter in hand for three months and never did anything toward working the claim. "Furthermore, I understand that they state they do not know why I resigned. The reason was because they first in formed me tbat the capital stock was to be $50,000 and gave me one-third of it. My share was then reduced to one-fifth, and when I learned that the stock was $100,000, which would give me only a tenth share, I severed my connection with the company. "They can never fit out a schooner in time to follow me and I've got a long start on them. Anyway, they could never find the mine. 1 will sail at flood tide in lhe morning." Barclay Henley stated this morn ing as follows: "I was Inclined to doubt te man's story from the very beginning, but as Mr. Macomber bad so much con tiaenC3 in him I joined the company. We had arrangements made to work Hall's mine on a very large scale, and when he resigned we resolved to find the claim from the location he gave us, but we did not until to-day know that we had been duped." Fruit tablets, all flavors. Townsend, * Best peanut taffy in the world. Townsend*!' Fine eyeglasses, specs, 15c up. 35 Fourth st* Strangers, take home Townsend's California Glace Fruits, 50c lb., in elegant fire-etched boxes. Palace Hotel building, 627 Market st.* Special information daily to manufacturers, business houses and public men by the Pres* CUpping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery. - The Supreme Court has decided that The Star legal Advertising columns are valid. Phone Main 358 for our prices. Business office, 429 Montgomery street, * Bishop Talbot of Rochester and Canon Gore will spena the months pf September and Octo ber in the United States, representing the Christian Social Union at the international convention of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew, to be held in Buffalo. Keep looking young ana save your hair. Its color and beauty with Parker's Hair Balsam. Hindkkcorns, the best cure for corns. 15cts. Visitors to the city should not fall to Inspect X <fc G. (lump's gallery of pain tings and different departments of art goods, pictures, crockery and glassware. WHERE SHE WANTED TO CO. Kennebec Journal. One of Caribou's bright four-year-old girls in answer to a question surprised and amused the hearers. The conversation among the older people was In relation to heaven, and some one asked the little miss if she did not want to go to heaven when she died. The young girl turned, looked at her father, and said: "No; Ido not want to go to neaven. I want to go where papa goes." 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