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VOLUME LXXX3X-%0? 325.
TWO CENTRAL AMERICAN REPUBLICS ARE IN THE THROES OF REVOLUTION In Guatemala the Forces of Dictator Barrios Capture the City of Quezal ■ "*.; l'<.. . : :j-".;: * '^■" tenango Without Firing a Shot —In Costa Rica President Iglesias Is More Than Likely to Hold His Own. BARRIOS HAS BEATEN THE REBELS His Arms Are Reported Victorious in Every Direction.. ■ V QUEZALTENANGO IS SURRENDERED. Without Firing a Shot His Troops Have Taken the Chief Insurgent City. TATONICAPAN TAKEN ON SUNDAY. General Socorro de Leon Is a Prisoner 10 the Victors, Awaiting Death. NEW YORK, N. V., Oct 5.— A special -. ,to the Herald from Guatemala City, via ) Galveston, says : Official reports from *, .--■ • pii?r.ls today give accounts of .many victories of Dictator Barrios' arms, and now it begins to look as if the tide of war had turned strongiy against the rebels. According to official reports just re ceived, the city of Quezaltenango, which has been held by the rebels for several I days, was occupied this morning by the • Federal forces without firing a shot. The rebels in the city fled toward San Marcos, leaving a large quantity of arms, ammu nitions and several field pieces in the plazas and streets of the city. General Socorro de Leon and several ' other rebel officers were captured. General de Leon at the beginning of the rebellion was sent with a battalion J against the rebels, but instead of attack ing them, he turned his command over to the rebels. He will be immediately court \ martialed and probably shot. The Government's advices from the city of Totonicapan report severe fighting there on Sunday, with complete triumph for the Government arms. The fighting began at half past 11 o'clock in the morn ing and continued until late in the evening. I Commander-in Chief Mendizibal, in his dispatches to Guatemala, says the defeat si of the rebels was complete. They were f repulsed and twenty-two were taken pris oners. A quantity of arms and ammuni tion was also captured. The number of dead and wounded is not reported. On the Government side Colonel Lino Pala cios was killed. 1 It is stated that the banks of Guate mala are arranging for a loan of -£400,000 to the Government CALLED BARRIOS A LIAR. Lopez. a Wealthy Guatemalan Refu.ee, Comes Here From Paris. Mariano Lopez, the latest addition to the little local colony of Guatemalan revolutionists and himself a very wealthy merchant of the big firm of Mariano Lopez, Pacheco <£ Co. of the City of Guate mala, is a guest at the Occidental Hotel, having just returned from Paris, whither he went several weeks a o, supposedly in ths interest of General Morales, the leader of the revolutionary forces. Lopez is tbe man that publicly de nounced President Barrios as a thief and then proceeded to advance proofs oi his charge. That was several months ago when Lopez was a member of tbe Guate malan Congress. Referring to the occasion Lopez said yesterday: "As soon as Barrios heard of my speech in Congress Ue sent some of his men to watch me. He sent one man to my servant with an offer of a large re ward if be would murder me. ■ "I took shelter in the house of Senor i j Toledo until the first steamer left the / country." f c Before Lopez left the country he took the precaution to sign all his property over to his American partner, and it has not been confiscated. ' Lopez discredits the statements and the sincerity of Consul-General Carrillo, who he asserts was not so very long ago a pro nounced supporter of General' Morales, while now he is defending President Bar rios and belittling the revolution. :*. iif ; Lope* says that he has just received a The San Francisco Call Quezaltenango, Plaza Cuartel, Where the Recent Fight Took Place. cablegram apprising him that Mora is in possession of the towns of Tierra tflanca an I Cochan. '•'.•""' He declares that the reports given out by the Consulate here should not te be lieved. Vyt •'■■".. yz A rumor which has been circulated that a decisive battle is now ravins* in Guate mala and that Morales' forces are strongly intrenched near Cochan is forcibly denied by Consul Carrillo. __;„..;- '.*•'.' "'•* "fi*. "A more nonsensical statement was never uttered," said Consul Carrillo last evening. . "The whole trouble in Guate mala is so insignificant that it Is a waste I of breiub to even mention it. - , "L received information yesterday of the state of affairs in my country, and I can state officially that there is no decisive battle raging, nor will there be, for the country has all rebels under complete submission in the towns where tiie little i quarrel is taking place. I consider the I statement concerning an American citi zen being imprisoned a falsehood, and I whtre these reports spring from is more than 1 can understand. There is no American held prisoner at the present time, nor has there ever been one impris oned in Guatemala or other of our cities or countries. Tne whole story of this up rising is too insignificant even to notice." SPAIN'S NEW CABINET SEVERELY CRITICIZED Much More is Going On Be hind the Scenes Than Ap- pears on the Surface. It Is a Question Whether the Lib erals Are Sincere In the Home- Rule Policy. NEW YORK, N. * Oct. 5.-A World cable from Madrid says: The newCabinst is certain not to come up to the expecta tions of public opinion in Madrid or the provinces, for already have the press and politicians criticized it sharply. Every body, supposed Sagasta would have been ready for the present critical times. Peo ple question whether the solution of he crisis does not show Sagasta could not control the old standing rivalries among tbe Liberal front rank of politicians in this crisis. Like all Spanish ministerial cries much more is going on behind the scenes than appears on the surface. One thing, however, must be said, and it is that both Sagasta and the Queen Regent show much sincerity and determination in the approaching Cuban question. It remains to be seen whether the Liberal party will promptly assist Saga sta, Moret, Mauret and Gam^zo in the sincere execu tion of the home-rule policy. But Sagasta seems quite confident tha! he will -hurry the party along with him. Several Madrid papers state the new Min ister of Foieicn Affairs, Gueleon, on tak j ing * ffire, iound in the State Department ' two copies of the note General Woodford handed the Duke of Tetuan at San Sebas tian on September '23, placing on record officially the verbal communication Woodford had made on September 18, in virtue of the written instruction of Pre I dent Mc Kinley. According to this Spanish version Woodford intimated there was no objection 10 the Spanish Government pub lishing the text of said note, as the Amer ican Government would do so when it deemed it convenient. The same papers say all rumors attributing the Govern ment's intention to send to the power* a ! memorandum are premature, as it intends first to study all the aspects of the Cuban question. Senor Sagasta, tbe Premier, was the first visitor at the United States legation this morning. His interview * with General Woodford was cordial, but absolute re serve is maintained as to what passed in the conversation. . *-* ? Tlenth of a Stockton Attorney. STOCKTON, Cap.. Oct. s.— Robert Bald win, Assistant District Attorney, died at his home here at 8 o'clock this morning of Bright disease of the kidneys, from which he had suffered for several months. He was 26 years old. - SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 6, 1897. A VICTORY ASSURED TO REPUBLICANS That Is the Outlook in the Sacramento Fight. THE LEADERS FEAR NO COMPARISON. This Will Hold Good for Every Place on the City Ticket. RUSS STEPHENS TO BE IN THE FIELD. His Petition Has Upon It the Names of Many Prominent Men of Both Parties. I SACRAMENTO, Cau, Oct. s.—"Democ racy has never vet been known todo the right thing at the right time," observed a prominent Democrat to-night 10 The Call correspondent. -'Whether it be an event of a national character or one in volving the election of township justice the Democratic jarty, either through blind prejudice or blundering stupidity, never takes advantage of a situation when pre sented to it. * "Tatce our recent municipal convention, for instance, what did they do? What did they do, I'm asking you? Simply Jet an opportunity go by that may not come again for forty years. Everybody knows that Leonard stands no more show of being elected Mayor of this town than I. and I'm not a candidate. 1 tell you, my friend, when the people in general think that a man's been nominated just to help another man along they'll not vote for him. and you can just bet your life on it. "I've been a Democrat for forty years and I've voted the ticket straight in this town for thirty-nine, and I honestly be lieve I have done more to elect repub licans than half the men who affiliate with that organization. lam dead tired of it and don't propose to cast ray vote any longer for _ dummy candidate. I will vote for a Republican out and out, first." "D > you think Leonard strong?" asked Thk Call correspondent. j-**;.-. .».". -:*' "Strong? No. Leonard is a good fellow and all that, but he is not the man the people wanted to run against Land, and you know it." With this the good old Democrat brought his observations to a close but bis declaration*-, nevertheless, placed the present political situation in Sacramento in a nutshell. ; "f-* • *=;'; 'V.'sji-H' While Leonard may have received the nomination from the hands of a duly or ganized and accredited convention ,of Democrats, the delegate* • were appointed by the city central committee, and many hints are heard to the effect that the nom ination of a Democrat of strength was never intended. There is great disgust and upon this tidal wave of indignation the weather-beaten bark of Russ Stephens is about to be launched, through the will ing hands of those who are now 'being asked to sign his petition. For years ' and years and years ■■; Russ Stephens towered above his fellow Demo crats in caucus, primary and convention, and for years and years and years hi word was law and his personality domi nated in everything Democratic, but last yeaV Russ proclaimed himself as opposed to free silver and Bryan, and on' election day placed a little red cross after each and every oneof the McKinley electors. , ; The question now arises among the Democrats, if Russ is elected 'will bis ad ministration flavor of his rirst love or take the complexion of bis more recent affilia tion-? Wbatever maybe tbe tone of bis call for the boys to come in ont of the wet Mr. Stephens is going. to run, and his pe tition 5 has* already upon: ii*""-.*, s- >ianl-»;s of good prominent citizen oi i.oiJ.* parties.*. His candidacy is being urge i by those who at tirst thought would naturally stand back of Hubbard, and* their deser tion of Hubbard is attributed to the fact th:it the Citizens' Association is now headed by Dr. Dixon. At any rate the force-- of Leonard are weak, the Hnbbard contingent is fast dissolving, the Stephens wave has not gathered, and away off to one side stands a gray-haired. venerable' old gentleman who views the conten tions and strife going on with compla cence, and his name is William Land. Every day that passes strengthens him in his intrenchment of honor, and Integ rity. Every day that passes brings many Republicans to the realization that the party that has just brought a great nation out of despondency and decline can safely be trusted in the healthful pro motion of municipal affairs. In the various districts wherein trustees are to be elected the same rule holds good. Everything else being equal, the Repub licans are going to set the best of it. and as in eac case the Republican nominees will profit from any. Kind of a comparison, there will not bo one of them defeated. ,I'a«-»»fc .-»«-/«» in I hreuteneei MONTREAL, Quebec, Oct. 5.— A great schism is threatened among the Masons of Canada. A new lodge has started, com posed of French and Italians, under a charter of the Grand Orient of France, which does not believe in the Bible. Other lodges disown . them and have written to tho Prince of Wales for in structions. MRS. W. .E. HADLEY. BLOODY RIOTING IN COSTA RICA Why Iglesias Declared Himself Dictator of the Republic. FIVE KILLED, THIRTY WOUNDED. Fight Between the Partisans of the President and His Political Foes. • HE IS A CANDIDATE FOR RE-ELECTION. Accused of Squandering: the Public Funds When He Only Fostered Public Improvement. NEW YORK, N. V., Oct. The first details of the internal disorders which have resulted in President Igleaias of Co*: \Rica^<lo'jJCarfr.s* -himself -dictator were received to-day from Harrison 11. Williams, who until recently was United States Consul at ban Jose, Costa Rica, and who arrived hero to-day on the ateamer Alene, from Port Limon. Th 6 agitation against President Iglesias culminated at Santo Domingo on Sunday, September 12, in a bloody riot, in which five men, three of them ricn and tbe others more or less well known, were killed and more than thirty others wounded.* The riot was between influen tial partisans of President Iglesias and his opponents. President Iglesias some time ago was announced as a candidate to suc ceed himself. The election is to be held next month, and he is at the head oi what is known as the Civilist party. There arose very bitter opposition to him. Its strength has been chiefly in the cities, where the business men are deeply op posed to him and denounce him, because he changed Costa Rica's standard to that of gold exclusively. They say the change is foolish . and impracticable, and will worm groat harm to the country. They also speak bitterly of his Pacific Railroad scheme, which will coat $3, --800.000. President Igiesias is building a railroad across Costa Rica from shore to shore. The men of the cities say that the cost of the road is excessive. On the other hand Mr. Williams says Freiident Igls»ias is popular with the Continued on Second Jtoge. SHATTERED HEARTS AND PROMISES Lessons Drawn From the Noted Melcher- Hadley Case. SEVERE COMMENTOF THE TRANSCRIPT. Getting Engaged Anew While Morally Bound to Another Not a Joke. STIGMA OF SOCIETY ON FICKLE VOWS. It Is Not a Trifling- Matter to Kill the Life of Love In Man and Woman. BOSTON, Mass., Oct. s.— The staid old Transcript astonished the natives to-night by the following leading editorial, entitled "BroKen Hearts:" f"f "No doubt the man plaintiff in the ex traordinary case of breach of promise against the daughter of a distinguished family of Maine just finished with a ver dict and damages for plaintiff will be come, notwithstanding the vindication of his case r.y the jury as the representative of public opinion and the common con science of society, the butt of no end of funny paragraphs in tbe press; and yet the case is one to make the student cf so ciety and morals hang bis head in erief at the shallowness of our most sacred covenants. If tbe setting engaged anew while* already morally, bound be a joke then. the marital st- pis a joke also. For although loVe or passion itself may be a sickness and* madness which passes in a few years or a few months according to hard-headed common-sense people, a fever of inflated and false sentiment to be sup planted by calm kindness, toleration or indifference, if not something worse, the* institution of marriage is a very sacred and important institution, and, as the Judge In , this cas>» rules, the preliminary state before marriage is a recognized part of it. ._'..".. . "The verdict of ♦he jury for damages, if it had been only for one cent, would have been intentionally to set the stigma of society's disapproval -upon the conduct of a woman who, after engaging a man's af fections, suddenly turns from him to seize the opportunity offered her of a more ad vantageous match. : "In this case the California winner of the prize has had opportunity enough to feel the full force of the legal > maxim, 'Caveat emptor,' and no public sympathy need be extended to his future domestic affairs. The case is interesting only as helping to settle the degree of social and moral turpitude in what is too often treat ed as a trivial matter. Of course, people who have no more imagination than to find it a laughing matter that a man's heart is broken by such treatment cannot see any baseness or cruelty or danger to society in the mere jilting of a man. This insensibility to even so glaring a breach of honor must be very widespread in the community, or the numerous engagements of the 'society girl' and the 'summer girl' would not be the staple for the same sort of newspaper pictures and jokes as those trifling with the marital infidelity with which the vocation of typewriting women is associated. ' *f •'Most of the funny men have discarded at last the typewriter girl and false hus band as a source of gay ety, and in the course of time we may also remove from the humorous column and place only in the broad category of dishonor the woman who turns a short corner on I he lover who still loves her. The counsel for the plain tiff in his argument used the word 'brutal' with reference to that conduct, remarking that it is a brutal nature that will kick a dog, and how much worse must be the conduct of a woman who would so abuse a man of admitted good character and affectionate and confiding and trustful na ture; a man who had to suggest to her the delicacy of postponing his engage ment and marriage, and a woman, who after beginning witn a trumped-up quar rel to turn her lover away, even accepted his invitation to ride and take nim to the cemetery and decorated the grave of his wife, "a fitting act for lovers, but almost a sacrilege if they were not,' as the counsel says. Whatever lessens the sanctity of engagement tends to loosen the ties of marriage itself, and the woman who can play false to the former proves herself to be merely deterred by legal penalties, not by principle or character, from breaking the latter. That is tho law's ground for interference. In the higher court oi philosophy and morals nobody has stated the wickedness of betrayal of a loving heart with the strength of Ibsen in his latest play of 'Borkman,' where he makes one of his characters say, 'You are the murderer.' You have committed the one mortal sin. You have killed the love life in me. The Bible speaks of a mysterious sin. for which there is no forgiveness. I have never understood what it could be; but now I understand. The great unpar donable sin is to murder the love life in a human soul. With that you deserted me and turned to Gunhild in-dead. I took that to be common lic^teness on your part. I almost think I despised you a little, in **pite of everything. But now I see it. What you held dearest in the world you were ready to barter away for gain. That is double murder you have committed the murder of your own soul and of mine.' " I nrthqunne Jar, tuaton. STOCKTON, ( al., Oct. 5 —This city had a slu-ht shock of earthquake this evening at 7:44. Many people felt the shock and in some places, chandeliers -*■ shook per ceptibly. - ■;>?--■? * i'> ; :-: : - PRICE FIVE CENTS. NO LIMIT FIXED AS TO PRICE Open Bidding- the Plan at the Sale of the Union Pacific. ALL INTERESTS WILL COMPETE. — — . — ■— .'•'■>■ "'?>■'- y^yz ■: r Vry iyy ":', ■" f '- '■'■'*. . : ;i^:CvA«if There Is No Agreement What ever With the Reorgan ization Committee. THE ATTORNEY- GENERAL SO DECLARES. — ' r .-y.yzz At Least $6,000,000 More Than Provided in the Cleveland Con tract Will Be Received. Attorney - General McKenna said to-day thai, while the Gov ernment had received no bid for the Union Pacific from an Eng lish .syndicate, he did not be lieve British and American capi talists would see the property go for much below its real value. Tbe Government, he said, had entered into no agreement or un derstanding with the reorganizi tioh committeemen or anybody else by which they were to have the road at $45,000,000 or any othe*- sum. WASHINGTON, D. C, Oct. s.—Attor ney-General McKenna' had another ex tended conference to-day with ex Gov ernor Hoadley in regard to the pending Union Pacific foreclosure sale. With ref erence to the statement cabled irom Lon don last night, to tlie effect that an Eng lish syndicate had forwarded a bid for the Union Pacific property, in competi tion with that of the reorganization com mittee, the Attorney-General said that aithoueh no foreign bid had vet been re ceived ii was a fact, that the Government had received inquiries from foreign sources, and be had no doubt the capitalists of this country and England would see to it that the property is not sold at a price much below its value. The Government, he said, had entered into no agreement or understanding with the reorganization committee, or any one else, by which they were to have the road at $45,000,000, or any other sum. . i The property, he said, would be sold under foreclosure proceedings to the highest bidder, and the only connection the Government had with the reorganiza tion committee was that tho latter guar anteed that if the Government would join in the foreclosure proceedings the com mittee would guarantee that a bid of nt least $45,000,000 would be received for the Government's equities. Under this pledge, the good faith of which was secured by a deposit of $5,000,000, the Government joined in the suit, which resulted in an order by the court for the public sale of the property on November L CHICAGO, 111, Oct. 5.— A special to the Post from Washington" says: It can now be stated by authority th.it the Gov ernment wiil realize about $51,000,000 from the sale of the Union Pacific, which is $6, --000.000 more than the figure named in the terms of the contract entered into on be half of the Treasury by Mr. Cleveland. It appears thai the principal leverage ex erted by. the Attorney-General was to Omaha bridge. He claims .hat the Gov ernment mortgage covered this prop erty, which had been held by th reorgani zation committee to be an outside asset. Attorney-General McKenna. positively re fused to give way to permit a clear title to the property sought to be bought under foreclosure, except at the price of sur render on this point and tie was equally unyielding in other directions. Inasmuch as the success of the reorganization scheme de pended absolutely upon a clear title no other, course was open to the would-be purchasers, except to raise their bid. Attorney-General McKenna believes that other bids will be received hi her than the offer by the reorganization com mittee, but he does not say from | what source the offers will come, and there is a suspicion that the expectations of the Government's representatives are not well grounded. Ex-Senator Brief- and some associates had. an ambition at one time to obtain possession of the Union Pacific, and it is barely possible that they may be again moving in the matter. If they are .hey have kept the mutter very quiet, as Wall street is in ignorance of my such purpose. Representatives ol" the reorganization committee say that matters are too far advanced for new parties to mix in, and that they have no fears of anything of the sort occurring." Just the >ame they will be very glad when the deal is clo-ed up and they can take their property with an unclouded title to the money kings for such backing as may bo needed." It is estimated that $20,000,000 will be needed to put the -Union Pacific upon a paying baMS and to develop it as it should be. A Good Tonic An Effective Remedy for That Tired Feeling and Drowsiness. , "I was troubled with itching and fever at night. I thought I would try a bottle of Hood's i-jarsaparilla and it gave me re- lief. I found it an excellent remedy for that tired feeling and drowsiness. I rec- ommend it as a good ionic and blood purifierl" L. Johnson, IC6 Kleventh street, San Francisco, California. .. Hood's Sarsaparilla Is the best— ln fact the One True Blood furlfler. Hood's Pills cure all Liver Ills. 25 cents.