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<£*bfc ©ail WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 13, 1897 JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor. Address All Communications to W. S. LEAKE, Manager. PUBLICATION OFFICE*. 710 Msrket street, San Francisco I Telephone Main 186 d. EDITORIAL ROOMS 51V Clay street Telephone Main 1874. THE SAM FRANCISCO CALL (DAILY AND SUNDAY) Is served by carriers in this city find surrounding towns for 15 cents a week. By mail fti per year; per month 05 cents. THE WEEKLY CALL. Ono yoar, by mail, $1.80 OAKLAND OFFICE 908 Broadway NEW YORK OFFICE Rooms 31 and 32, 34 Park Bow. BRANCH OFFICES— Montgomery street, corner Clay; open until 9:30 o'clock. 339 Hayes street; open until 9:30 o'clock. 615 Larkin street; open until 9:30 o'clock. S\V. corner Sixteenth and Mission streets; open until 9 o'clock. 2518 Mission street; open until 9 o'clock. 1-43 Mission street} open until 9 o'clock. 1505 Polk street; open until 9:30 o'clock. K\V. corner Twenty-second and Kentucky sireets; open-till 9 o'clock. OUR SHIP-BUILDING INDUSTRY. DESPITE the decision of the Attorney-Genera! that sec tion 22 of the new tariff does not have the effect of impos ing a discriminating duty in favor of American vessels, the ship-building industry of the country shares to some extent in the return of prosperity; and as is pointed out in the local columns of The Call, California ship-builders are not behind their Eastern competitors in energy and enterprise. The rapidly increasing export trade of the United States calls for more ships, and under fair conditions our ship-build ers would have a period of remarkable activity before them. This i 8 particularly true of the Pacific Coa<t. The expansion of Oriental and South American commerce, the approaching com pletion of the Siberian Railroad, the development cf Australia and the orobable opening of a considerable trade in Alaska, will combine to make a lar^e demand for additional shipping on the Pacific Ocean. The increase here will be much greater proportionally than the increase on the Atlantic, and our ship building yards ought to reap considerable prolits. We will not obtain, however, the full benefit of the «n --larged demand for I'aciho Ocean vessels unless American shio owners are placed on even terms with their competitors. Tee ships of Great Britain and Japan receive large subsidies, and when the Siberian road is opened Russia will probably launch a considerable merchant lleet from its I'acinc terminus and enter into the contest for the ocean carrying trade. With all these subsidized rivals to contend against the American shin owner vill be heavily handicapped unless some protection is afforded him by the Government. Under these circumstances it is most unfortunate that the discriminating duties imposed Dy the tariff should nave been declared virtual iy of no effect. Fortunately a remedy can be speedily provided. _Jhe present administration is bound by the Republican pledge to restore "the early American policy of dis criminating duties lor the upbuilding of our merchant marine and the protection of our shipping in the foreign carrying trade, so that American ships— the product of American labor employed in American shipyards, s-aiiing under the Stars and Stripe?, manned, officered ana owned by Americans— may re gain the carrying of our loreign commerce." That pledge Congress and the administration may be counted on to keep. Since the clause in the tariff bill according to the Attorney-General is inadequate to the purpase it was intended to accjmplisb, a new law may be enacted this winter. Cer tainly we cannot afford to neglect our shipping at this juncture. Tiie struggle for commercial supremacy on the Pacinc Ocean lias reached a critical stace, ami though we are great and rich and powerful we will oe surpassed in that contest even by the Japanese, if we do not L>ct with energy and with wisdom. New York jail officials who have been dosing a woman's food with the object of making; her sick and through her stomach touching her conscience announce with pardonable pride that she is ready to cenfess murder provided the deed te raied as manslaughter. They are not willing to make this con cession, but they have proved that their system works. A few more doses and the woman will probably confess without con dition and beg to be led to the electric chair. Justice is a great thing when given a real chance to spread itself. Durrant's attorneys claim that their present action is not criminal but civil. At this point the public will take the lib erty of entering an exception. In one »en6e the action may not be criminal, for to deleat justice is apparently part of the legal game, but, at any rate, it is not civ.l, but an incivility the people of California resent. Carter Harrison's announcement that he ia not a candidate for the Presidency is almost superfluous. Nobody ever sup posed that he was, nor that he would have a ghost of a show ii he were. The cilice of President is one of some dienity, and when it seeks an individual will not go chasing a citizen of Carter's size. THE CHORTLING FAKER. IN chortling: over its latest alleged feat yellow journalism over looks the fact that by many this feat is regarded as an abso lute fake. In the pow-wow preliminary to the escape of Miss Cisneros many prominent women were deceived and dragged into a ridiculous position. Who. for instance, believes that the Pope, acting at the behest of yeilow journalism, ever petitioned in behalf of the prisoner? Who believe 3 that at a word from him the gates of the jail would not have opened wide? Yet the Examiner assumes that it can dictate to the Vatican. What rot aim rubbish! However, the girl has escaped. To release her was a bold deed. The persons actually performing it, unless with Spanish official connivance, did so at the risk of Jife. Naturally, in either case, they would seek immediate and pro found seclusion. During their retirement yellow journalism could step in, blare the horn and say, "We dii it! Ljok at us ! Aren't we just treat?" Perhaps yellow journalism has not been guilty of this trick, but it has been guiliy of so many others that the suggestion oi" its culpability in the present in stance comes naturally tc the mind. When cable-car employes are summarily discharged that is mostly an affair between them and the company. However the pubhc interest is aroused by information that the dis charees took place by reason of evidence secured from "spot ters." There is a current belief based upon the records of this class of parasites that they are wholly unworthy of belief, but lor some reason yet to be explained, corporations keep right on being infested by them and accepting their word. Prize-fight Promoter Gibbs ought to be glad to be relieved from the public duties which have heretofore hampered him in pur suit of the noble calling of matching men to thump each other. Now he can promote with no lingering qualm lest Uncle Sam be neglected. There are distressing indications that until the end of his term Mayor Fhelan's diet will be a bird of somber plumage, but, out of consideration for his feelings, nobody should go so far as to actually call this bird crow. Women are becoming aroused to the barbaric grotesqueness of wearing the plumage of beautiful birds. In the meantime roost of the birds have been slain or they might offer up a little song of thanksgiving. From the rapidity with which Chinese are pouring into this country, there does not seem to be any necessity for "annexing the thousands now in Hawaii. When it is realized thst the Government spends $5000 to export a single Chinese the utility of not having him here to export becomes plain. An evening paper asKs: "Will life's mystery be revealed?" We will be entirely frank and acknowledge that we do not know. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1597. THE PROPOSED CITY HALL PARK. WHEN the Grand Jury takes under advisement the pro ject of acquiring the land on Market street necessary for the creation of a City Hall park, it should incorporate in its studies a history of the "deal" by which the land was originally sold. Nothing so develops and strengthens the understanding as a careful attention to history. Truthful his tory is a record of triumphs and failures. It is by studying the triumphs and understanding the failures that a man is en abled to profit by the one and avoid the other. To our mind the Grand Jury could present no more interesting report to the public than a thorough exposure of this job and its conse quences to the city. If the responsibility for the sale could be determined, it would be well enough to send the men who de vised it down to posterity with a dull thud. Probably no greater crime was ever committed in San Francisco than the disposal of these lots. Greater crimes have been attempted. The bulkhead scheme, by which *he Legis lature in 1859 proposed to grant to a private corporation the right for fifty years to collect tolls from the commerce of this port, was a more enormous proposition, but it was never car ried into execution. The men who sold the Market-street por tion of the Yerba Buena Cemetery will be remembered for all time, even if the city shall finally correct their mistake and repurchase the property. Nothing will ever extenuate their offense. Placing the City Hall upon a back thoroughfare was bad enough in itself, but creating business property on Market street upon which tall buildings may be erected to exclude it from the main artery of the city was much worse. Had the location of the municipal edifice been merely a mistake of judgment, it would only be necessary to draw the veil of oblivion over the identity of the locators. But it was not a mistake of judgment ; it was a job by whicn a few real estate schemers made money and a few others hoped to. The plot was laid in the original plan. An architect of reputa tion was induced to make a picture of a City Hall which could be constructed for $1,500,000. Upon this the land-grabbers founded their proposal to sell off the Market-street portion of the cemetery tract. They declared that the land, when divided into lots, would bring $1,500,000, and they presented to a credulous people ihe alluring portrait of a beautiful City Hall which would cost nothing. In this way the sober sense of the people was overcome. What is more fascinating than the idea of getting something for nothing? The taxpayers were not then hard up for money, but they could scarcely be expected to reject the offer of the real estate speculators to make them a present of a City Hail. But as in all such cases they were duped. The lots were sold, bringing £953,000. Immediately thereafter the plan for a $1,500,000 City Hall was abandoned. That plan had done its work, and the Legislature, which then controlled our local affairs, proceeded, through its commissioners, to put up a 56,000,000 building. The money obtained from the sale of the lots did not pay for the rubble stone in the foundation, nor is there any evidence that it was ever intended that it should. Even if the present generation does not repair the damage done to the city by the sale of these lots the people of the future will probably repair it. It will never be possible to ac quire the land on more favorable |terms than at present The improvements on the property are of the most primitive char acter and within a short time will be worn out. An estimate of the probabie cost of condemning the land and laying out the proposed park would make interesting reading for all who have taken an interest in the project. Such an estimate to be of value should be compiled by an impartial person whose opinion will be accepted as of value. The blood ol a reader la stirred by the tale of how a fiend with a razor attacked a schoolteacher in the southern part of the State, sinking his blade "again ana again into her chin and neck." But when by reading farther it is learned that the lady taught school tne next day as usaal somehow the blood seethes less madly, and a suspicion arises that a pedagogue, weary from superintending the shooting of the young idea, may occasion ally Oe subject to nightmare. PREPARING FOR COMING BATTLES. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA is once more setting a good example to the other sections of the State. It ia an off year in politics, but her wide-awake and far-seeing people are making ready for the contests that are to come. In time of peace prepare for war is a maxim they have well learned. In other sections of the State members of the various parties may wait for the day of battle to dawn before they cet into line, but in Southern California they are organizing and arranging the plan of campaign now. A short time ago the silver forces held a convention in Los Angeles and set about making a still hunt for voters during the quiet of the off year, and now the watchful Republicans of that section have begun active work in organizing league clubs to counteract the efforts of the enemy and make certain of victory when the struggle at the polis takes place. "For unity, harmony and victory" is the motto of the Re publican League of Southern California. It is a motto upon whose principles the people of that section have long been in the habit of acting. They apply it in business as well as in politics, and experience has taught them its value in all forms oi public endeavor. There can be no doubt the league will live up to it, and that when politics begins to take definite shape next year this organization in Southern Cali fornia will have a potent influence in determining the parllc lar shape it shall assume. The movement thus begun at Los Angeles is in no sen«e premature. In American politics no party can safely relax its discipline or permit the arilor of its supporters lo weaken. National issues are always with us, and the people can never t>e too often confirmed In their adherence to Republican prin ciples. The action taken by the Republicans of Southern Cali fornia is therefore commendable, and it would be well if the example given were followed with an equal vigor in all other parts of the State. Liliuokalani may be a remarkable woman, but she can't be dying in St. Louis and robust at Washington at ihe same time, veracious correspondents to the contrary notwithstanding. THE OHIO SENATORIAL CONTEST. JOHN R. McLEAN has announced that he is not a candi date for the United States Senate from Ohio. Some skep tics declare this means only that be is not a candidaie before the people, but that if a Democratic Legislature should bo elected this fall he would return to iho ring again ana do bia Debt to show himself the smartest man in it. Whether the skeptics are ripht or not, Mr. McLean is out of the Senatorial fight so far as tne campaign goes. That much is agreed; but straightway there arises another dispute: l>.d >j c . Lean Lack outor was he forced out? There are people who say he sees the coming disaster to the silver fanatics and has stepped aside in order lo avoid involving his aspirations in the cata clysm. There are others who say the silver men see that they cannot win if they carry McLean and have unloaded him in order to make a better race. Forced out or backed out, McLean is certainly ont, and bis place has been taken by General A. J. Warner, who is said to have more political integrity than his predecessor in the light, but less brains. The new candidate is more frank in advocat ing the free coinage of silver than was McLean, and while this may be accounted by some as proof of greater political honeitv H is accepted everywhere as an evidence of less political sagaci ty. Hence it is disputed whether Democracy has gained or lost by the change in candidates. One result of the retirement of McLean is the simultaneous retirement from the forefront of the battle of the Cincinnati Enquirer. The Bryanites are now without the support of a single influential newspaper in tho State, for the Cleveland Plain Dealer long since refused to advocute the revolutionary platform adopted by tho Htaie convention. It is a bad bunele all round, and there seems to be nothing left for Ohio Democ racy but to crawl into a hole and pull the bole in too. PERSONAL. Dr. G. H. Flett of Sisson is at the Grand. Mrs. Axtei of Fresno is at the Cosmopolitan. bhemr George F. McKensle of Napa is at the Graud. Congressman Marion de Vries of Stockton is at the Gran 1. Can tain D. Y. Callinan. U. 8. A., is visiting at ihe California. A. Bettrus, manager of Byron Hot Springs, is at the Baldwin. George Lingo, a cattleman of Birds Land ing, is at the Lick. L. Rosenberg, a merchant of Ukiah, is regis tered at the Grand. Dwight Holiister, an orchardlst of Colton, is a guest at the Grand. W. R. Long of St. Paul, Minn., is registerei at the Cosmopolitan. w. A. Richmond and bride of Sacramento are guests at the Graud. J. H. Tapley, a Vallejj merchant, is among the guests at tho Grand. A. Herman, an insurance agent of Bpokane, Wash., is at the California. G. Bettle of Spokane, Wash., is among the guests of the Cosmopolitan. M. Becheras and fimily of Castle Crag are itaying at the Cosmopolitan. R. Gracey, the Merced banker, is in the city. He has apartments at the Lick. Arthur It. Jumes and bride of this city were guests at the i'alacc last night. M. H. Cleary Sr., a mining man of Stockton, is nmons the late arrival* at the Lick. John Rag^io, the stage-line proprietor of San A:idreas, is registered at the Grand. J. If. Jackson of Stockton, aooomnttaied by his bride, arrived last night at the Russ. R X. Rust, manager of an insurance com pany at Los Aagolos, is a guest at the Grand. W. K. Follcck, a Chicago capitalist interested in California mines, is a recent arrival at the Grand. Marion Biggs Jr. of Oroville, politician, banter and orcbardLst, is registered at the Grand. P. B. Fairbftnksof Petaluma, colonel in the National Guard of California, is registered at the Lick. Wiley J. Tinnin. a Frasno lawyer, formerly Surveyor of the Tort, San Francisco, is a guest at the Grand. C. O. Clarke, who owns timber lands near Mott, hi Northern California, is a recent arri val at the liuss. H. V. Panberg Jr., a cattleman and sheep rulscr of Carson, New, is in town. He Is stay ing at the Grand. Professor ¥A ward Howard Griggs of the de partment of ethics at Stanford, is a late ar rival at the Grand. George A. Smitu ot Courtland, who owns land and orchards along the Sacramento River, is at the Grand. Dr. Edward Als worth Rqss, one of the pro fessors of economics in Stanford University, is a guest at the Caliiornia. A. 11. Hart of New York, a member of the firm of Cheney Bros. <fcCo., silk importers, v a late arrival at the Grand. W. H. Hatton, a lawyer of Modesto, Is up from the S.-.n Joaquin Valley for a few days. Hii headquarters are at the Lick. Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Raymond of Placerville arr.veJ at Hie Grand last night on their bridal trip. Mr. Raymond is proprietor of the Hotel Ohio at P.acerville. W. 11. Clark of Stockton, one ot the Railroad Commissioners, arrived at the Baldwin last night. He came to town for the mestine of the commission this afternoon. Rev. a W. Hawkins, D.D.. of Indiana, is a guest of Rev. W. B. Anderson, pastor of Bethel A. M. K. Church. Ha will preach from Key. Mr. Anderson's pulpit next Sunday. Judge J. C. B. Hebbard of the Superior Court lias been confined to his home (or several days by a severe attack of neuralgia, but is now abie to resume his duties oh the bench. George H. Warfleld, cashier of the Healds burg Bank and City Treasurer of Healdsburg and Treasurer of Sonoma County, is at the California visiting his father, General War- Beld. J. B. Port wood of Lculsrillp, Ky., who ovnr a fruit farm near Kosevillo Junction, in tne Sicramento Valiey. arrived yesterday at the I'alace, accompanied by Mrs. Portwood. They have come to California to live. Caj.tain D. \v. Jenks of Alturas. of whom years ago was written the rhyme beginning "Captain Jenks of the horse marines, who fed his horse on corn and beans," arrived at the Lick yesterday for a short visit in this city. He claims no relationship to Sun Fran cisco's Captain Jenk« of tha trooper band, who fed his nags ou posts and sand. Mflj >r J. H. simpion, one of tha early ex plorers of the Yukon, a companion of the Loyal Legion, a comrade of the Grand Army and a survivor of many noted battles and banquets, has assumed the mnnogeniont of the Hotel Mateo. San Mateo, and will keep that caravan sary open winter ard summer. The mnjor took command ot the establishment last Mon day. Among the arrivals on the Central overland last night who took apartments at tho Palace was a party traveling for pleasure in the Union Pacific's "car 03." They were: Jonn T. Bressler of Wayne, Nebr., one of the rive men whom Preident McKinley appointed directors of the Union Pacific; and with him as his guests Dr. W. C. Wlghtman, a physician <>i Wuyne, Nebr. ; 11. F. Wilson, cashier of the First National Bans: of Wayne, Nebr., and Mrs. Wilson; D. T. Oilman, president ol the lowa State National Bank of S;oux City, lowa, and Mrs. Oilman. They will remsin hero two days, and then start homeward by way ol Portland nnd the Northern Pacific. Tho ranks of the insurance men of the Pacific Const have been rc-en 4 'orccd by the arrival of Henry C. Keller, who wns recently appointed general agent of the Westclicstur Fire Insur ance Company of Now York for five States of this coast, with headquarters in San Fran cisco. It is now understood that this institu tion rill join the compact. Mr. Keller is a man of high character and extended exper! ence in business HfTairs and has achieved marked success in banking and insurance cir cles. He bear* commendatory letter* from many prominent men of the Missouri Valley U> leading citizens of San Francisco. Asa clerk of the United States District Court he served With Jmlge Brewer, now of the United States Supreme Court, and he hears testimo ninls from that eminent jurist. Mr. Keller will remain in San Francisco for several weeks ami will then return to Leavenworth to liniilly adjust his affairs for a permanent resi dence in California. CALIFORNIANS IN NEW YORK NKW TOSK, N. V., Oct. 12.-At the liii/..: .!. W. l'almer; Netherland— J. Blood fod, Miss IUoodgood; Manhattan— J. Malo n<-y; Iterwick —R. V. Ashe; Continental— W. H. I'.-iiiiiir; Astor— J. D. French; Vendome— P. I'm, Mikh pßdgett; Grand Union-J. M. Lively, J Liewellinjt; Imperial— H. Martin; New Amsterdam— ft, D. Wilson, H. B. Wilsou; .Savoy-J. M. Graham, E. M. rhilllps. THE MAN IN THE CAB. Safe and *nng In tho uleeplns-cnr « ro father itnd mother and dreaming child. Th<* night vutslde shows never a star. . ■ ' i- or ihc H'orm Is thick and tho wind is wild. The irenziea tr.ln In its all-night race iiolds many a sonl In Its fragile walls. W inlo up in bis cal>, with a smoke-sialned face, U the man lv the greasy overalls. Through the firebox door the heat glows white, 'I h.i steum U his'inß nt all the cocks: Tho p'stoni daDCf and I he drivewheels smite 'I i»« trernUln* raits till the whole earth rocks, Hut never a searching eye could trace— Tiio;i. the uinhi Is black and i peed appals— A Hue ot fear In the smoke-statned face Of the man in the greasy overalls. No ha ting, wavering coward he, As he lashes his engine around tho curve, But a lieace-encompas-ied (irant or Lea With a heart ot oak and an Iron nerve. And so I «s» that you muKe a place In the Temple of Heroes' sacred halls \\ here I may hart* the smoke-stained face Cf th<« man in tin* creasy overalls. Mxon Wattkrman, In L. A, W. Bulletin. "OUR LADY OF THE SNOW 3." 5-u Louis S;ar. Tho value ot a kiss lias been decided by a Canadiau court to be just 20 cents. A young lady sued ior $2000 lor being kissed against her will and the jury rendered r verdict for the above amount. Either the luxuries of life must be valued at a very low price over in Canada or the quality oi the lips was not up to the requirements, LAJEST AND LIQJiJEST AUTOMOBILE. The automobile carriage will most likely in the course of a few years be as familiar a sight In its way on our streets and country roads as the bicycle now Is in its line. The credit lor the latest and longest step In this direction must be given to the City of Mexico, which last month turned out a practical, working automobile of such lightness and com* parative cheapness as will at once give it great favor and put it within the reach of per sons of even very moderate means; whereas before it was so expensive as to be looked upon only as a mechanical curiosity and a luxury to be indulged in by the rich. Tho evolution oi the automobile, iike the bicycle, has been gradual. For a good many years the inventions in this line were confined to Western Europe, principally France, where competitive road tests, with rich cash prizes to the best, have been held. Scores of models have in this way been brought before the public, but out of general reach on ac count of size, weight, first cost and running cost. Then Yankee invention tried its hand, with great improvement on the French product, but up to date the lightest automooile carriage built In the United States weighs 1500 pounds and costs from to $3000, ac cording to style of finish, eta The Mexican automobile, which is shown in the cut, weighs but 400 pounds and will cost less lhau a quarter of the American. This machine was invented and manufactured by a firm in the City of Mexico, and made its appearance on the streets the latter part of September. It it propelled by a gasoline motor of three horsepower, Ignited by an electric spark, that is a marvel oi lightness and efficiency. Weieht is saved by having instead of a water jacket steel riugs which surround the motor and conduct the neat away from the cylinder. The power is applied from a motor-wheel to a friction-wheel that is in turn connected with the axle shaft by cogs. The use of the friction-wheel In this connection Is an innovation of many advantages. Any degree of speed can le obtained by changing the point of ap plication of the power from the center to the circumference of the friction-wheel, while by transferring it to the opposite side of the wheel the carriage is made to run backward. The steering is as easy as with a bicycle and is done by means of a lever in the front of the persou occupying tne right-hand seat of the carriage. The carriage has bicycle wheels with ball bearings and is altogether a wonderful proof of what mechanical skiil and intel ligent appltcattou of scientific principles can do. NUGGETS OF HUMOR. "Well. Mrs. Brown, shall we see you here again on Saturday?" "Yes. mum, D. V., and on Monday, anyhow." Pick-Mc-Up. "If I had known," sobbed young Mrs. Fltz, "that you would be such a brute to poor Fido. I would never have married you" ••My dear," replied Mr. Fitz. "the anticipa tion of kicking that miserable little beast was one of my chief reasons for proposing to you." Tit-Bits. Klsle— My husband is very hard to please. Louise— He mutt have changed considerably lince he married you.— Tit-Bits. Maud— Jack and I were out driTing last night, and I had to drive all the way. Clara— Why. what was the matter with Jack? Mnud — Nothing. You don't suppose he could drive with h:s feet, do you?— Chicago News. Tommy— Paw, what was the light of other days? Mr. Daylight. Get —Indianap olis Journal. Forrester— Yon live la a quiet part ol the town, do you not? Lancaster — Not now. Forrester— Moved? Lancaster— Got twins.— Tit-Bits. CHARACTER IN CIGARS. I oorton Tit-Bits. If a man smokes his c:gar only lone enough to keep it lighted, and relishes taking it from his mouth to cast a look at the curl of the smoke in ihe air, set him down as an easy going man. Beware of the man who never re leases the grip on his cigar, and is indifferent whetlur it burns or not; ha is cool, calculat ing and exacting. Ihe man that smokes a bit, rests a bit, and fumbles tho cigar more or less, is easily af fected by circumstances. If the cigar goes out frequently, the smoker has a whoie-souled disposition, is a "hail follow well met," with a lively brain, a glib tongue, and generally a fine fund ot anecdotes. A nervous man who fumbles his cigar a great deal is a sort of popinjay among men. Holding the cig.ir constantly between the teeth, chewing U occasionally, and not caring if 11 li lighted at all, are the characteristics of men who have tenacity ot bulidogs. The fob stands his cigar on end, and an experienced smoker points it straight ahead, or almost at right angles with his course. EDITOR WITH IMAGINATION. This is how the editor of a country paper described a recent fire: "The vrutcr seemed to spur the fire to wilder deeds. The flame* and the smoke rolled higher and higher, and the scene beoame luridly, awfully magnificent be yond tottering words' power to paint. It was x canto of Dante's 'Inforno' acted In all its ticry pomp and splendor. Bauuers of flame would now be wared out by dark smoke hands, then ten million little cur.iiie pen nons of tho tire wouid hiss and flutter, then vanish, and a great reeling tower of smoke, whose darkness was slabbed ami spangled with llnnies und ppttrk.s. would till the scene, wnile all arouna the surrounding building, trimly shot back from reflecting surfaces a crimson greeting, and up in the far-off sky the outglisteuoa st*n turned palo lor slmme and the moon tnrough the drirted smoke glowed like a bow. of biood." PROTECTION OK THE COAST. CiiUua Sun. If we had the Hawaiian Islands it would cust ten times as much to protect them as v would San i'rdncisco. These annexation ad vocates would have us believe that the islands would just protect themselves and send out ship after ship to the rescue of San Francisco, miles away. Of course, it is presumed thit we wouid keep the harbor out there mil oi ironcla'is. and all for tho protection ol Bab Francisco! A ship lying out there womd be worth so much, more to the defense of San Francisco than one in the bay at hnnd! 'Jnis is. however, what they would have us believe, and It Is what we must be.icva before we can be an annexation. -t. GROWING SUGAR INDUSTRY. Globe- Democrat. Nine years ago the worid'j production of cane sugar was larger than that of bent sugar, but for 1897 the estimate is 4,773,000 tons of beet sugar and 2,132,000 ten* of cane sugar. It will i>ay tho peop<e of the United States to secure their .«haru oi this prcat industry. BAROMETER OF BUSINESS. Minneapolis Jourßal. The fact that the average of liabilities of the failures reported for the last quarter of the year is the lowest la twenty-three years, nnd the total of lailures is tho lowest since 1892 are pretty substantial proofs that the dawii of better times is ueor.emng. TIP FOR PKOCRES iVE FARMERS. Globe- Democrat. The United States imports 1,700,000 tons of sugar and producos only 400,000 tons. This is the one great item m which our farmers and manufacturers are behind the times. EGGS IN LAST YeAR'S NEST 3. J'<i!sh.;rs I>i*p:itch. ■ Coin and Bryan's last yeai's speeches are in the year of Brace the best campaign ammuni tion that the heart of a Republicm cam paigner could wish for. PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT. The grandson of the late General Benjamin F. liutler is a candidate for the Legislature lv Lowell, Mass. Palmer Cox is said to have found the origi nals of his famous Brownies in some old Scotch traditions which tell of little brown folk, all of the male sex, whose great mission was that of helping the human race. The Duke of Fife often fiihes with the Duchess, but his favorite sport is shooting. Thuro is not a keeper on the estate who can beat the Duke on a "shot." Thousands of deer roam the hills about his estate, aad the Duke is a famous "stalker." Judge Jacob B. Blair, who was recently ap pointed Purveyor-General of Utah, was at one time Bill Njre'a most intimate friend, and helped him start his famous paper, the Boom erang. Judge Blair was twice elected to Con grtss from West Virginia Dr. Paul Mognes, one of the most noted botanists in the world and the greatesc author ity on systematic botany, is o guest of Fro fessor \V. A. S-tcliell of the botanical depart ment of the University of California. He is on his way home to Germany, but will com plete a tour of me. United States before return ing. Moscow, in honor of the medical congress just held there, gave $1000 for a prize to be awarded to some person %vho has dono emi nent service to medical science during this generation. On Professor Virchow's raotion the prize was given by the congress to Henri Dumant, founder of the Red Cross Society, who is living in great poverty in Switzerland. In 1847 a Lieutenant M"aclagan joined the Madras division of the Indian army, and, in 1853, after applying himself diligently to the duties of nis profession, studying languages and eventually becoming the interpreter of his regiment, retired. This Lieutenant Mac iagan and the present Archbishop of York are I one and the same person, and besides his nen- I sion he now draws a salary of $50,000 a year. THE AGITATOR. When times areeood be agitates, Ana says they should be better; He tells his neighbor that he wears "a plutocratic fetter": "Arise! Arise!" lip loudly cries, ••The time to strike's at hand; The Karons must be overcome And driven from the land!" When times are dull he agitates. And tt-lis his idle neighbors Of wicued plots to rob them of The prc-dncts of th*ir labors. "The millionaires." he tbeu declares, ••Have laid a wicked plan To &hut np all theahopj and starve The hapless worklngman!" Dane plots he sees in everything; To subsidize creation. And everywhere and always there Is m-ed of agitation. Xo matter wtat may be the lot <<f i.im whoioi!s away, Aff..iis are wrong side up and should lie uver.unieJ to-day. He agitates and agitates, For that's his earth . y mission— To stir bis neighbor* up "to strike Asaltjst their snd condition ay, do not say tuat h>- should work. For work would ai<l iiisestton, Tbut> robbing him of power to keep Alive the "labor question." — X K. Kiser in Cleveland Leader. HAWAIIAN ANNEXATION. New York World. According to Senator Lodge Hawaii Is to be annexed by trick and device. The constitution provides that the treaty of annexation must be rallied by iwo-thirds of the Senate before it can become effective. But Senator LoJue suggests that if serious opposi tion arises the job can be accomplished by passing a joint resolution, already pending which requires only a majority vote. That is to say, tl: c jobbers and speculators who want to annex leprosy, ignorance and de pravity propose so sei aside lhe constitution iiself in order to do it. Why should there be even a majority in Congress wilting to r.id this in qulty? REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR. New York Press. Rjing haughty hurts. When n girl first falls in love, ihe begins to doubt whether the augels have such a eood time, after all. s v Lots of men love women in spite of their faults, ana a few women love men ia SDite ot tbeir virtues. »»»••• When a girl is In love with a big man it always makes her feel fuiiuy toseehimeet babied by his parents. * When a girl begins to wonder what a certain man will thint of her new hat, she Isn't far from wondering what he will think of her neart. When a woman comes into collision with a girl's ideel, something has got to smash If 1 she's young enougn it's the man; if she isn't ii's tne girl. BENEDICKS TO Be ENVIED. San Bernardino Times-Index. San Francisco is noted for her large, hand some women and small, ugiy men. The city dcilles, in printing photographic cuts of newly married couples, picture the men as about one-<juarter as large tts the women. We >.-ould suegest that the little men be left out If these handsome women cannot get men of their size they should not be humiliated by having iho fact illustrated in the pblic press 1 ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. Bicycle Record— a, City. J. W. Stocks holds the world's record for bicycle riding, one mile. Time, 1:35 2-5 made on the Crys tal Palace tract, London, September, 1897. Judge Wallace— m. 11., City. William T. Wallace, now one of the Judges of the Superior Court of San Francisco, was elected b Judge of the Supreme Court of the State of California ai the election held October 20, 186!). Ho took ti in seat ou tho Supreme bench Jannnrv 10, 1870, and held office until January 1, 1380. Two Dimes— M. J. A., Lakeport, Lake County, Cnl. TniTO is no premium offered by dealers on a dime coined in San Francisco in 1892. L)ea>crs in coin* will pay a premium tor a dime coined in San Francisco in 1894. There were but twenty-lour coins of that denomina tion coined in "that year, and as they are ail accounted for it is not likely that any are in circulation. General Sherman— S. W., Parkfield, Monte. rey County, Cal. The late General William T. Siierman camo to California and landed in Momercy January 20, 1847. In July of that year he was In xerba liuuna (now Ban Fran cisco); iv 181S he was in business in Bacra menio; in 18.V3 ne opened a bank in Sa:i Francisco; in 1850 waa major-geiieral of militia, ami in 1857 lie closed up his business and weut to New York City. Naval Academy— W. A. A., Campbell, Cal. Cadets for the uaval academy ai Annapolis are named by tho Representatives and Terri torial Delegates, one by each, and ten by thj President. The t-'ecretary of ths Nevy, as soon as possible after March 5 of each year, notifies toe Representative or Delegate of a vacancy occurring in his district, and if the vacancy is not filled by the Ist of July following ihe Secretary of the Navy appoints. The time that a vacancy occurs is not made public ex cept througa the Representative or Delegate. Applications for appointments should De made to tue Representative or Delegate in whose district the applicant resides, and when there is a vacancy ilao applicant will be notified. TRIALS OF A CENTENARIAN. New York .Press. '"'^i When a man takes the trenble to live lOaV years and goes right ahead holding his job, supporting his family and asking odds of none, It must make his soul rankle to be re garded as a fibbing old fraud when he tells hU age. Bernard Morris, a laborer in Prospect Park, Brooklyn, declares that he was born in 1792 and carries a copy of the record of his birtn in his inside pocket to prove tne fact. The public in geueral accept his statements as true, even though his appearance does not bear out the assertion, but his own relatives and intimate acquaintances regard him with mild pity and say he is mistaken. Morris says he has toiled steadily almost 100 year.-, and at the present time covers two or turee miles a day, as he makes his rounds, gathering the bits of "taste paper and refuse thrown on the park lawns, lie has married three times and is now contributing his share toward the sup port of his third family. Yet one of his nephews asserts that the old man is not much over 87; a son dodges by, sayiug he does not know how old his father is, and men who have worked with Morris for years hold that he is not as old as he thinks he is. "Let them say what they please," Morris re marks in a sad tone, "I have records to prove all my statements. I v; ls h I was not so old," he adds with a sigh. ______ _______________ IMPORTED GOLDEN SAUSAGES. New York Woria. The sold which Australia has been sending to San Francisco iv payment for wheat ship ments is coining by registered mail to this city in canvas bags or rolls containing fifty $20 pieces each. They might be mistaken for a peculiarly fine brand of sausages. These rolls are made of canvas with a leather strip containing a cardboard slip bearing the address ot the consignee and the postage-stamps. Specie is ordinarily transferred by express bags of £5000 packed in kegs or boxes. Tlie Government having refusea to transfer this void at the usual express rate or to pay out currency for it here on te'egraphic transfer, the importers were compelled to use the regis ured mail. So lar $500,000 has been forwarded iv this fashion. SO LITTLE LEFT. Chicago Post. <* Poor Barney Barnato! It has been discov- \ ered that when ho died he left "only $5,000,- » 000." While we were looking upon him as ■ little short of a Croesus there was really "only $5. 000, 000" between him and starvation. When we talked about his diamonds and rev eled in pictures of him in the marvelous snioli inc jacket that became so familiar we little knew that if he should lose a few million of doll rs some dny he would be nothing but a millionaire. Poor Barney! And yet he was not alone. There have been several others who have had to worry along on "only $5,000,000" or even less. 4 ANCIENT HISTORY. Boston Herald. It looks as if Cnulalongkorn, King of Siam, had worn out his welcome in London. That is the danger to which these roving monarchs from the far East frequently expose them selves. A little ot them goes a great way. Califorkia place lruits, sOclb. Xownsaad'v* Special information daily to manufacturers, business houses and public men by the Presi Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery. * « ♦ — » The engagement of Professor Marcella I. O'Grady of Va*sar College to Psofessor Bovary of Wurzburg. Germany, is announced. She is a biologist and created the det>artment of biology Vassar. She went to Europe last year to study her subject under distir.guisned authorities there, one of whom happened to be Professor Bovary. Miss O'Grady has re signed her post at Vassar, and will be suc ceeded by Leila Childe Bean, A.B. "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrnp " Has been used over fifty years by millions of moth ers for their children whilo Teething with perfect success. It toothes the child, softens the gums, al lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Bowels and is the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether i arising from teething or other causes. For sale bf^ Druggists in every part of the world. Be sure and T ask lor Wiaslow's Soothing Syrup. i!scabotUa • — ■» — •- — Coboxabo.— Atmosphere 1« perfectly dry soft and mild, being entirely free from the mists com mon further north. Round- trip tickets, by steam ship, iucluding fifteen days' board at the HoteUw Ccronado, $60 ; longer stay. $2 60 per day. App;/ 4 New Montgomery street. San Francisco, or A. W. Bailey, manager notel del Corenado, late of Hotel Colorado, Glen wood Springs, Colorado. When- the hair Is thin and gray Parker's Hai* Balsam renews the growth and color. Hisbkkcobsb, the best cure for corns, 15cts. ♦ — ■« — * W. S. Gilbert, the famom humorist, is tho proud possessor of one of the most beautilul houses near London. Grim's Dyke was orig. inally built by the well-known architect Xor man Sh«w, tor Mr. Goodall. the landscape artist. The author of the "Bad Ballads" al ways works in his library seated not at adeak, but lv a comfortable armchair, with a writ ing-pad on his knee. i KEW TO-DAT. Coughs and colds need not be endured; they can be cured, and that quickly. Many mixtures are tem- porary in effect, but Scott's Emulsion of Cod-liver Oil with Hypophosphites is a permanent remedy. The oil feeds the blood and warms the body ; the\| hypophosphites tone up the** nerves; the glycerine soothes the inflamed throat and lungs. The combination cures. This may prevent serious lung troubles. 50c. and $1.00; all druggists. SCOTT & BOWNE. ChemuU, New York.