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VOLUME LXXXIL— NO. 163.
OUTFITTED BY "THE CALL," A RESCUE SHIP WILL SAIL INTO THE FROZEN OCEAN A VIEW OF NUWUK, the Native Village at Point Barrow, as the Sun is Taking F/'is Long Leave. BCa'll Office, Etw= HorsE, ) f Wakhikgtos, Is'ov. \). f j lijc Cabinet meeting tbis morning was • c/jvoted almost entirely to tbe matter of j a relief expedition for tae Arctic whalers. ' AH oi '.tie members of the Cabinet were '■ present. The followinz teiegrnnis were j received by Secretary Lone early this I morning from Admiral Kirkland and i ere leid before the Cabinet: Mare iFi.ANTv, NOV. S. Sfrrrtary nf the '■' -vv. Washington, D. C. : Cap- j tain ISarker resorts u> foUows: Captain De- i yell of the whaling steamer Baylies arrived ■ to-day from the Arctic, and says the whaling steamers Orcha, Freeman, Belvidere and Ross.no "-ere at Point Barrow on September ) 13 with &b£u: 100 men. These are now prob- I ably closed in by t/.e ice near that place. The whalingsteamers Newport, Fearless, Jean- j nle and Wanderer were at Herschel Island | on August '_>> with about one hundred i and fifteen men. All the above eight vesseis expected 0 return this fall, and had ! only about three month?' rations. Besides ! the above ships there were several vessels at j Hercchel provisioned for one year and two end three years, prepared to star in the Arctic j and intending to sail soon for the vicinity of tbe mouth ot the Copper Mine Jliver to winter. i Captain Devell says there are about 400 bar rels of fl^ur at Point Barrow. He does not ihink there will be any starving among the •whalers tnis winter, though they may be Kept on greatly reduced rations. Kirkland, Commandant. This telegram also was received from Admiral Kirkiand and read to the Cabi i 8 1 '. \ Mare Island. Nov. 8. ■y tertiary of Ihc Naty, Warhing on: Sto::ey's plan seems advisable io send Hie Bear or the i i-!:am whaler Thrasher, now aiSan Francisco, ! with, provisions, medicines snd clothing or 3i>o men for one year to Port Clarence or Nor ton Sound as soon as possible. There Rre rein deer at Tort Clarence to pack provisions to Point Barrow for food supply, following the i-horeline and keeping m lookout for the whalers. The plan requires four officers, one being a surgeon, and four meu irom the 'navy. Tne chances of success are regarded as slight, and every day's delay will add io the difficulties. Any vessel goin^ should sail at the earliest possible moment. San Francisco j is the best point at which to secure the neves- I sary outfits and to sail from. The whaler | Thrasher, ready for sea and in srood order, can be chartered now. The widest discretion must be Riven the commanding officer of ihe ■ expedition in the securing of Hie crew and tupplies, including dojj* and reindeer. KIRKI.AND, Commandant. The following telegram was also read from Captain Tattle, now at Seattle, Wash.: Repairs to boiler, airpump, bridge walls, new sails and docking vessel will cost $1500. Before the Bear can reacn St. Michael the boy wil] be frozen over. A vessel cannot win ter at St. Michael, as the ire would carry it ■Iway. There is no harbor north of Unalnsku that does not remain frozen until late in .June. Bering Strait is closed by ice in No rember. and remains so until June. The ■tvbulers at Point Barrow arc within six miles 'D' the point and eighteen miles of the former refugee station. I understand irom Captain McGregor of the steam whaler Karluk that Liebet>' agent at the re:u«ree station has aDoul :HO«i barrels of flour. With this and the pro (;b ons of five vessels mere should be no iiinrvntion. Those frozen in at Demarkation f*ont have the supply station at Herschel Y*'i«!d to fall back upon. While it will prob ■ V' ':•■ ue necessary to abandon the vessels do ;1 to fall hack upon. While it wil prob oe necessary to abandon the vessels i do jiprehend the crews will meet with any tbir.^ worse than privations and hardships. The Bear <an be ready to start in two weeks. . Tnere is plenty of coal at rnalaska. 1 can nee no way of rendering assistance until the j-ce opens in July. Jhe Call's dispatch in response to the I lie.-ident's request for informaiion as to definite location of the whalers, the source of news concerning tbeir precVca metit, and the amount of provisions they had on lip.nd, was also read. After a gen irai discussion it was decided to wire Ad- , The San Francisco Call 1 miral Kirkland for information as to the cost ol chartering the Thrasi.er, so Becrc ( tary Long sent the following teiegratu to him: Kirk' and, C nu maiidant Mare TWiivf, Cal. : j Telegraph at once upon what terms the , Tn:a-her can be chartered; whether the citl j zens of Sa-i Francisco will provision her and I when she can be made reaay. Consult with ihe < tia;n tM? r ol Commerce of S*a Franciicn ss ! to provisions au<l supplies as offered in vari ous ' -1 :r«ms. There is no appropriation now ava Üble for chartering the vessel, but we will t reiy upon Congress to make tbe appropria- I tion. Let your report be as full hs possible | and promp:, for If the Thrasher is not sent i under Lieutenant Stoney, the I'resirtent will | send the Bear. Long. Secretary. After the Canin°t meeting Secretary Long was seen by The Call corresDond ent. "If the Thrasher is sent will the Bear follow i er?" he was a>:ked. "I think not,' «aid he. "But that 's not definitely decided. We cannot decide » NEWS OF THE DAY. % v • Weather forecast for San Fran- 3 >o ci>co: Fair Wednesday, with o< £ fresh westerly winds and prob- 3 jo ably alight fog in ihe monnng. o< So FIRST PAGE. 3 » Whalers Will Be Rescued. erf C An Ancient City Discovered. 3 C BEOOHD PAGE. 3 *> Slain by a Blind Stranjrler. °< v Church Circles in a Turmoil. 3 F • THIRD PAGE. 3 P A Dixon Family Poisoned. 3 £ Fuentes Betrayed Morales. ,v p- Spain Not Ready for War. e> G» FOURTH PAGE. oj |^ Great Coursing at Merced. £| g Racing on Eastern Tracks. o( U Boy Tried to Kill lor Coin. 3 g FIFTH PAGE. 3 >o Mrs. Nftck Confesses Guilt. 3 1° Nevnd;< Federal Official Slain. 3* (o Arrangements for Football. 3 >° Bering Sea Negotiations. 3 ? SIXTH PAGE. 5 £ Editorial. . 3 p Contract Worth Noting. 3 C The Municipal Potentate. 3 >o Closine Slot .Machines. oj ]? American Bacon in England. °J >o Bf bi News Service. 3 (° Api>eal of the Saffron Clan. . 3 £ SEVENTH-PAGE. o |^ Merchants Want Dyea Closed. 3 /o Marriage of Miss P agemann. 3 |° Gladys Wallis [rues Frawley. 3 (o The School Book Row. 2 g EIGHTH PAGE. 3 >=> Can Carry Arms «t Home. 3 v Funeral of Con O'Connor. 3 (o New D recior at Mt. Hamilton. o g A Drink Si>oi!ed a Wedding. c " v Racing ai Ingleside. o C NINTH PAGE. 0 |° Weil-Known Ship Condemned. ° U Hawkins Challenges Lavigne- 3 Dr. D' Evelyn Expelled. 3 g TENTH PAGE. 3 £ Commercial. 3* C ELEVENTH PAGE. 3" Jo News From Across the Bay. 3 g Real Estaie Market Review. 3 >o THIRTEENTH PAGE. 3 to B rth?, Marriaees, D;aths. o< . C FOURTEENTH PAGE. 3 |° D irrant to Be Resentenced. ° |o Train Wrecked at Mil brae. ' o ZSLSJLBJLSIJLSUISL2JLB. SJLSI2JLSL23JIJU SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 10, 1897. whether we will send the Thrssher until we near from the commandant at Mare Island about the cost oi chartering ner.'' "If the Thrasher goes who will bear the expense?" "There is no appropriation available for such an expedition, unless it is under taken by the merchant marine, hut if the report from X rkland says the Thrasher can be chartered at a reasonable price we will ?end her, with Lieirenant Stoney in command of the expedition, relying upon Congress to make an appropriation when it meets. Tbe provisions will bs furnished by Sau Francisco people." "If the Thrasher goe?. will the relief plan of Btpnev, as outlined in the di~ patches from Tiik Call, be carried out ?"' 4l Yes," ?aid he, "thoueli we are in some doubt about the reintieor. There may not b3 enough of them." "Captain Hooper =ays there are about L'ooo of them at Port Clarence and Cape Prince of Wales," suggested the corre spondent. "But Dr. Sheldon Jackson says there are only 150 available, and Secretary Bliss has issued orders for home of them to bo in readiness lor a reltei expedition to the Klondike should it be deiermined upon. We cannot decide on any plan until we hear from Kirklana. My own opinion is that we had better send the Bear, which Captain Tuttle says can be ready in two weeks." Before the Cabinet met this morning Dr. ! Sueldon Jackson lad an interview with General Alger, Secretary of War. Secretary Long rnuu have been misin formed or mistaken about the statement of Dr. Sheldon Jackson, that there are only 150 reindeer available, for Jackson aaid to Secretary Alger and aitarward to The President and His Cabinet. The Call correspondent that there were at lca9t 1500 reindeer in Alaska on Norton Sound. Dr. Jack«on says the deer are great carriers and can be utilized in the expedition. He related to Secretary Alger an instance of two .Norwegians who trav eled 2000 miles in Alaska by this means, although trie ileer moss was scanty. This is directly contrary to the oDinion of Com modore Melville, who said to The Call correspondent that do^s were the btst. "The deer have not the slaying qualities of the dog?," said he. "The deer must have plonty of food. If the deer moss is scant the deer cannot travel far. They will soon lie down and refuse to budge. Their hearts fail 'hem ami they lie there naming for brea'.h. It is different with the do^s. They only need a pound of iish or a pound of fl sli <!;uly, and with this meager daily allowance trot alonsr at the rate of four or live miles an hou.-. Enough food for a dog c.in bo p:icko<i on each sled. On our Jraiinette expedition we found the dogs very useful, more useful than the deer. And when we were through with them we ate them. F etty good eating, too, much better than stewed boots.'' Dr. Jackson does not think it possible for any vessel to reacn the imprisoned whalers and others in distress before the spring, and therefore does not like the idea of sending veer on the whalers' re lief expedition, but the reindeer will be utilized by direction of Secretary Bliss, if Captain Tuttle or Lieutenant btoney or whoever is in charge or the expedition lind3 them more available or calculated to be more u^eiul than the dogs. Captain Shoemaker of trie Revenue Ma rine said to 'Jhe Call correspondent to nigtit: "If the Thrasher is sent she will prob ably go no lurther north than Unalasku. She cannot get aa far as the Bear. But it might be a good idea to have ihe Thia-iher at tliat point, and than slie coird proceed further north i.i the spring and be of great assistance. The revenue vessel Me- Cullough is now nearly completed at Continued on Second Page RUINS OF AN ANCIENT CITY ARE DISCOVERED ON BLACK MOUNTAIN Demolished Abodes, Occupied by a Once Powerful Tribe of Sun Worshipers, Visited by "The Call's" Expedition* MOJAVE,CaI.,Nov. 9.— What must take rank as one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the last ten year< is the ruined city of a once powerful triDe of sun worshipers on the top of Black Moun tain, fifty miles to ihe northward of Mo jave. The city covers about eighty acres, and. although its ruins are dilapidated, it contains sufficient to interest antiquarians for years to came, Ever since the beginning of the Kands burc excitement prospectors have from time to time Drought in stories of the ex istence of the ruins of a city on the top of Black Mountain. It is now remembered by those who heard the stories that they were -wonderfully similar, although told by men who had never met one another. These stories, however, were generally disbelieved, as tales of cities in the desert are frequently related by prospectors even when no cities exist. Not long ago a prospector returned from Black Moun tain to Garlock and started to tell of the wonderful city he had found. "It's pretty badly ruined," he said, "but 1 am sure it's a city." But the time came when the right man told the story to the right man. This was about a month ago. Ex- Judge Wells of Bakersfield happened to be in the vicinity of Black Mountain and met a prospector named Professor Hanson of Philadelphia. In the course of conversation Hanson re lated that in his work over the mountain on one occasion he fiad stumbled over the ruins of an old city that he believed to have been built by the aborigines. He was in earnest about what he saw and pointed out the exact location of the city, only it was on tne other side of the mmir.tain. Judge Wells had every confi dence in Professor Hanson, bat not hav- ing leisure lo ascend the mountain at the time he returned to Bakerstield and in formed The Call of what he had heard. As the information spemed reliable, The Call determined to dispatch representa tives to the scene, It was real. z ;d that the existence of a ruined city in that sec tion was of tne greatest importance. It was also realized that to be reliable sucli statements should be investigated. When he was told that the expedition was to Black Mountain Judge Weils vol unteered to go along as guide, so there should be no mistake in finding the locality. The st?.rt was made trom here last Friday mornins and the members or the expedition have just re. timed niter spenaing five days on the trip. They were successful beyond their expectations, and it can now be Announced without any possibility of a doubt that there is a ruined city of the abor ginai trib» of sun wor shipers on the top of Black Mountain. To reach this st>ot is a journey of hard ship. Food, Bh< her and water are scarce and mountain roads are rough. Tne mountain sides are rougher and climbing over them means a great deal of fmi^ue for all. The exact location <>! Black Mountain 13 about tiHy miles from Mojave. The nearest settlement is the new mining camp of Garlock. This is about ten miles frnm the peak in a 3traight line, but there is a lofty moun tain range lying in between wh.cii has to be ciimbed. '1 bis makes Black Mountain a most isolated r>eak, although it can be seen by the naked eye from the mesa about five miles north 01 Mojave. The Call's expedition took tne Rands burg roa.i as far as Garlock. and there climbed over ihe mountain road to Colo rado Springs at the base of Black Moun tain. From here to the peak there is no sign of a road or trail, and in climbing to the summit it is necessary to pass over many foothills and down into tlie valleys be tween. From down here the peak is lost sight of, and it is all guess work rind ing the best routes iv order to bring it into view again. The formation of the mountain i« volcanic rock and bowlders of various sizes are scattered about on all sides. They are black and rough and full of boles like sponce. Uiimbing over them is dancerous work, as even a stumble means cuts and braises. When the uramit is reached one looks about some moments before the dead city mtikes it~ appearance. The blackened rocks are on all sides in heap«, and scattered about in the wiideat confusion. The ruined city is in among these, but I being built of the same material is not readib y discernible. But whan it is at last made out its wonders become greatly increased. The Call's expedition reached the top at the eastern end of t:>e moun tain. There was nothing in sight that could, by the widest stretch of imagina tion, be conju-ed into a ruined city — only black rocks and ashes. Ii was on the way over the west peak that the first evidences of the handiwork of the prehistoric race came into view. In j a sort of a hollow between two ridges of the mountain peak there stretched a straight row of black stones. Tne row j was 200 feet long and tne stones were | piled about two feet high. The curvature j of ths mountain top made it apparent at I a glance that the stones could not g,et into j such position by the action of the ordi- I nary forces of nature. The line of rocks j was the ruin of a stone wali. About a hundre.l feot further to the West there was another of these walls ! running parallel, and subieqtipnt investi gation proved it to be with mathematirii precision. Off from these wals tuere | were other waiis running at neht angles and joining wall* at the other ends, mak- A REINDEER SLEDGE. The tut herewith is reproduced from a drawing niade by an Esquimaux and printed in the Eskimo Bulletin, the only newspa; er in the world published but. once a year. The number of the Bulletin from which this drawing is taken is dated July, 1897, and contains the somewhat srartiinp intelligence tna«. Bryan has been elected President und that the United State* is at war with Spain. ing perfect squares. There was a patch of land several acres in extent fairly covered with the<e ruined walls. In some spots they could scarcely be traced, and in ottiers They rose about two fptrt above the surface.They were spread out about three feet wide, indicating that they might have been much higher at one time. Still, further toward the west peak, and on 1 }' a few feet down the northern slope of the mountain, was the first ruined habitation found. .It was al-o tne roost important, for it contained the idemifica tion of the people who once inhabited the mountain top. This ruined dwelling was almost circu lar in form, and the walls rose from two to tnree feet in height. One portion of the wall faced the side of a small cliff and in the other was a door facing the east. Strangest of all, though, were some PRICE FIAE CENTS. hierog'yphics carved on the walls on tho inside of the house. These were exactly like those carved on the famous Poston Butte, near Florence, Arizona. The lock is almost identical. It is covered with the blackened surface caused by the volcanic fires. This has been chipped away in tho desired places, leaving the image in plain view. On the recks of Poston Butte there is a certain sign used very frequently. This looks something like the astronomical sign for the planet Mars. This same sign is carved in a number of places on Black Mountain, showing con clusively thai both must have had the same origin, but there are also a number of other signs that can be positively iden tified. Some miszht think that these sisr.s were carved by vandals for the purpoe of deceiving people.' This, however, can be set at rest. In the fifst place, the signs are carved with too much exactness to be done by a miscreant. A learned man interested in them would not do sucti a thinj;- In t lie second place the curving was done so long ago that the rock has been discolored. This can be proved by giving a slight scratch with a knife-blade in the sk-n and exposing the lighter colored rock underneath. A mag nifying glass shows that the surface has changed in structure, Tnis could not take place in the locality in less than 200 years. The shape of this house was also exactly like those on Poston Batte. It was a!so about the same size. The houses on Pos ton Batte also have doors facing the east. From indications the houses on both places were built in the same manner. That is, they were made by laying the rough, uncarved stone in the mud, then plastering th«» outside to keep out the wind and the wails were done. The roofs were put up with timbers and covered with clay. This is all that Wie nouses consisted of. On Black Mountain the rains of cen turies have washed out all the clay and the stones have fallen down. The clay has also piled up around the walls, there by reducing their height. The same thing is observable on Poston Butte. The more these two localities are com pared the more similarity there is between them; in fact, toere can be no doubt but tha* tie two are of the same origin. As a number of learned men, after many years of study, have pronounced the former inhabitants of Po-ton Butte to have been sun-worshipers there can be no iloubt that the former residents of Black Mountain were also sun-worshipers. Over a sma 11 hill still further toward the west peak there were a number of other ruins ranppd about a largn central court that was built on a natarul pile of bowlder.-. In the center of this was a monsier bowlder, nearly square, having a Hat top with a circle carved on it. The circle was rude in the extreme an i shallowly carved, bit there cm be no doubt of what it was intended for. Of course, there can be no positive proof of what t his was u^ea for. but a* a surmise it issa c to say that the large tlat rock waj an altar and that the circle was intended to be a representation of the sun. This ruin was one of the moit interest ing on the whole top of Black Mountain. The west peak i;seif rises almost like a perfect cone, about 150 feet a hove this flat place just described. From below it did not appear as if there couid bo any habi tations up there. The place looked too steep and rugged. But a climb to the top disclosed the fact that there were three rums up there. These were circular houses not more lhan six feet in diameter, but having their walls almost complete. From the size of these and their location it would 8 -em as if tliey were intended for the watch men. Between each of the houses there was a (1 it place as if it mizht have been used for building signal tires on. The strangest thine about, tnese houses is ttie enormous stones used in the sides. Many of them must weigh several tons, and it hardly seems possible they could have been moved without the aid of machinery. And yet all that is known of the sun worshipers place them as a people of rather low intelligence. Certain it is they did iiot know bow to carve stone or their buildings wou d have been standing perfectly io-aay. .All iliat portion of tfce j>re- historic city on Back Mountain that has just been de scril>ecl lies on a flat piace cio^e to West Peak, but tipped a liule downward on the northern slope. At first, it waa thought that this was all