FRIDAY NOVEMBER 19. 1807
JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor.
Address All Communications to VV. S. LEAKE, Manager.
PUBLICATION OFFICE Market and Third streets, San Francisco
Telephone Main 1868.
EDITORIAL ROOMS 517 Clay street
Telephone Main 1874.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL (DAILY AND SUNDAY) is served by
carriers in this city and surrounding towns for 15 cents a week.
by mail $6 per year; per month 65 cents.
THE WEEKLY CALL. One year, by mall, $1.50
OAKLAND OFFICE 908 Broadway
Eastern Representative, DAVID ALLEN.
NEW YORK OFFICE Room 188, World Building
WASHINGTON (D. C.) OFFICE RIBS* Mouse
C. C. CARLTON, Correspondent.
BRANCH OFFICES— S27 Montgomery street, corner Clay; open until
9:30 o'clock. 3.'*.9 Hayes street; ooen until 9:30 o'clock. 615
Lnrkin street; open until 9:30 o'clock. SW. corner Sixteenth and
a Mission streets; open until 9 o'clock.. 2518 Mission street; open
until 9 o'clock. 14;? Ninth street; open until 9 o'clock 1503
Polk street; open until 9:30 o'clock. NW, corner Twenty-second
nnv Kentucky streets; oven li.i 9 o'clock.
THE action of ihe .Republican, Democratic and Populist
county organizations Wednesday evening in agreeing to a
non-partisan Board of Freeholders, to be voted for at the
charter election to be held on December 27, will be approved
by the great majority of ihe community. It is unfortunate
that the Citizen*' Charter Committee cou d not have been in-
duced to forego the pleasure of nominating an independent
board. Had it coalesced with the regular party organizations
it might have obtained substantial recognition.
As it is it will rally to its ticket the support of no large
body of citizens, and with only the Non-Partisan party, the
Sullivan Democrats and a convicted boodle newspaper behind
it, can hardly fail to lose all its candidates. Indeed, if the ac
tion of this newspaper drab in solemnly assuring the public in
the name of the Citizens' Committee that every man in San
Francisco unconnected with its organization is a rascal and a
blackguard continues to be the feature of its campaign for a
new charter we are not sure that the good work the committee
has done at its charter meetings will not be wholly discredited.
The character of the Freeholders nominated by the fusion
ists need not be discussed. They are all old resiuents, and the
thousands v ho know them can testify to their interest in the
city and regard for its future welfare. To say that these fifteen
citizens are "owned" by the political bosses, as will be fre
quently asserted by the boodle sheet referred to, or that if
elected they wi 1 not strive to make a charter in which the
rights of every class will be protected—even the right of bood
linc newspapers to ply tbeir nefarious trade — is to perpetrate
a manifest absurdity. No sane person credits for a moment
the allegation that they have been nominated to make a char
ter for the corporations and corruptionists. hen the bosses
name men for thai kind of work they select different material.
This fusion of the organized political elements of the city
indicates that the prospects of getting a new charier are bright
ening. There is now practically no opposition to a non-partisan
organic law for ibis city. The Board of Freeholders nominated
by tbe Citizens' Committee is composed of equal political ele
ments, and unless the voters on December 27 give the contest a
partisan flavor, which is unlikely, we are certain to have a non
partisan charter convention. The Call has already said that
no charter can be adopted which does not rise above party poli- ;
tics and pteserve the rights and foster the interests of all classes.
We think the event will verify this judgment.
JUNKETING PRISON WARDENS.
OF a 1 the junketing trips that in recent years have en
abled officials to -pend money for private jollification
not one has been more idle, more useless, more aggra
vating «o taxpayers and more inexcusable on any grounds
than that wh eh Wardens Aull and Hale recently took to
Washington, at the invitation, it seems, of the Attorney-Gen
eral of the State.
The reason assigned for this trip is that the Attorney-Gen
eral thought it would be necessary for Aull and Hale to be in
Washin tt ton when the Durrant case came up for hearing before
the Supreme Court. Why he thought their presence neces.
sory, or what he expected them to do or say, has not been
made public. The Supreme Court could hardly be expected to
need thrni to explain the law. and certa nly the Attorney-
G.-neral could not have thought they would be wanted to give
evidence. The trip of the two dignitaries seems, in fact, to
have been designed as a pleasure expedition, made for the pur
pose of helping the Attorney-General have a good time.
To make the journey to Washington and see the sights re
quired the absence of the Wardens from their posts for a
month and the expenditure of about ?10C0. Whether the pris
ons profited anything by the absence of the Wardens is not
clear, but certainly the taxpayers have profited nothing by the
expenditure of the money. Even had there been a need lor the
two officials at Washington, the sum allowed for the journey
would have been excessive, and, as it was, the expenditure was
an unm tigated waste of public funds.
There have been many complaints in California of the evil
of junketing trips at public expense on the part of officials.
Such expeditions in the past have nearly always had at least a
semblance of public business to justify them. In this case,
however, there was not even a semblance of business, for no in
telligent man will ace the excuse that the Wardens were
needed at the Durnn t hearing. The proceeding constitutes
something like a manual in prison administration and the
directors who authoriz d the junket and voted $1000 for it owe
the public an explanation of this as well as of a good many
other things they permit. As affairs are going it appears that
a California penitentiary is a soft snap for all concerned, from
the convict to the Warden.
Another boy whose blighted affections could not withstand
the addition of mixed drtnts has hidden the combination un
der the waters of the bay. Human sympathy finds the effort
to go out to such unfortunates almost too great a strain. There
are 100 many of them, and the excuse they have is not valid.
It is not to be supposed that because several enlightened
nations have agreed that the seal is a badly abused creature
any pause will be made in the process of its extinction. The
abuse touches the heart, while a cessation of the abuse would
touch the pocket-booK, and this is sacred.
The San Jose girl of seventeen who stayed out of school a
day to get married anil the next day resumed her studies as
usual really seems to have been less in need of a ht-sband than
a parent of common-sense and possessed of a slipper.
The danger that Hayti would whip Germany seems to have
passed. Yet only a day or so ago it appeared fully as imminent
as that other danger that Spain will whip the United Slates.
So iet Uncle Sam not be as one without hope.
Apparently the ferry-toat Bay City is well equipped for the
accommodation of people with sincere suicidal intentions. One
may drown very effectually in thirteen minutes, the time re
quired to send a boat to the rescue.
The Eastern baseball players are more fortunate than they
realize. To have acquired ihe disregard of the yellow journal,
which is in the baseball business itself, is to be rated as little
less than a boon.
Mr. Hayman's intimation that he controls some New York
papers is important if true, but it is surprising. Most of those
papers act as if beyond control.
The Supervisors' Committee on Morals is naturally puzzled.
It has wandered faithfully through tbe tenderloin and hasn't
found any morals.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1897.
THE PARTING OF THE WAYS.
HAS this country reached the parting of the ways? Is it
considered and decided that we are to forget the advice
of Washington and assume a position that will compel
us into the complications which vex the countries of the Old
World ? It is to be hoped that for reasons of expediency, if
not out of respect for the Federal constitution, the annexation
of Hawaii will be rejected, and we will continue within the
safe and prosperous lines followed heretofore.
Americans are not children, crying for something because
it is pretty. Our Government is under a written constitution,
and senior to that is the Declaration of Independence, which
was our defense before the world and our justification for the
formation of a government resting on the consent of the gov
erned. That idea as a working policy has survived in full
strength until now. Its ferment caused the anti-slavery agita
tion. That institution was held to be inconsistent with our
professions, obnoxious to the principles of the Declaration, in
nonconformity to the spirit of a free government. To secure
conformity we made war, at a cost cf billions of dollars and
a million lives.
Is it possible that after this supreme sacrifice we propose
to annex Hawaii, practically by conquest and against the
unanimous protest of the natives whose sovereignty of that
soil is their birthright, in order that we may govern them
without their consent, and therefore unjustly, no matter what
the merits of that government may be ! .
The whole proposition lies outside our own constitution.
In that instrument no warrant is found for a distant colonial
system. It contemplates a continental system only, by the
absorption of territory that can be erected into States and guar
anteed a republican torm of government. This can never be
done with Hawaii, unless we make the State there to consist
of about 2 per cent of the population, for is highly probable
that the Americans will never exceed that percentage of the
total, for climatic reasons which annexation cannot change.
Our labor laws cannot be conformed to the industries of the
islands, and if these are to continue there must be a system of
colonial labor laws differing from those of the home Govern
ment. Out of this necessary divergence of necessity will
spring a method of government at right angles to that pro
vided by the Federal constitution. It will be semi-feudal in its
nature, and the world will be amused at the spectacle of the
republic imitating monarchy in its colonial system, while
mouthing about the rights of man in its continental system.
Self-government is on trial in this matter. Our institu
tions are brought face to face with a danger more insidious
than was Southern slavery. We are asked to sacrifice our
individuality, our republican character, our peculiar position
among the nations and stain our escutcheon with a policy that
has been their common odium. If we do it, then instead of a
beacon-light guiding the world on the way to the enfranchise
ment of man, we are a jack-o'-lantern betraying mankind into
deeper mire. If we do it, let the great effigy of Liberty en
lightening the world, that holds its torch high over New York
harbor, be crowded from its pedestal by a figure of Janus, the
god of a two-faced nation.
CONGRESS AND DIPLOMACY.
WELL-INFORMED correspondents nt Washington an
nounce that in his forthcoming message to Congress the
President will devote much attention to Cuban affairs,
but at the same time desires tnat Congress will take no action
on the subject lest it may bring about strained relations with
the Spanish Government, or in some way interfere with his
efforts to put an end to the war.
If this should be the policy of the administration we shall
have this winter a revival of the old controversy concerning
the right of Congress to take an active part in managing the
diplomatic affairs of the nation. It will be remembered that
during the Cleveland administration Congress passed Cuban
resolutions which the President ignored. The question then
aiose whether the power to reco nize the belligerency or the
independence of a foreign country is vested exclusively in the
Executive Department of the Government, or whether Con
gress has not some control of the matter.
It is strange that so important a point in our governmental
machinery has never been settled. The issue has been raised
several times and there are not only authorities but precedents
to be cited on both sides of the controversy. The discussion
precipitated by the action of Cleveland resulted in what was
virtually a victory for the execu ive, and this may be taken as
an evidence that Presidents hereafter will not permit their
hands in foreign affairs to be forced by Congress no matter how
eajer majorities in both houses may be to do so.
Outside the question of constitutional right, the argument
in favor of leaving the initiative in foreign affairs exclusively
in the Executive Department seems unanswerable. Foreign na
tions have no direct dealing with Congress. There is no diplo
matic machinery by which Congress can mace its recognition
known toother nations and put it into effect. Itis the President
alone who, through the State Department, communicates with
foreign countries and receives embassies from thera, and he
alone, therefore, can declare the attitude of this country toward
any foreign people-
In the course of the controversy during the Cleveland ad
ministration it was suggested that if a joint resolution recog
nizing the independence of Cuba should be passed by both
bouses of Congress and ba ignored by the President, the issue
might be raised in the courts in proceedings against filibusters,
and the courts would then be called upon to decide whether or
no a recognition of belligerency by Congress is a recognition
by the United States Government.
In no other country could such a contest arise. In all other
nations the power of dealing with foreign governments and
that of recognizing the independence of revolting states or
revolutions against established governments is vested clearly
in the hands of the executive. It would be well to have the
question with us determined one way or another. If Congress
is to have nothing to do with the recognition of foreign coun
tries, it ought not to waste time discussing resolutions on such
OUR MAYOR FROM OAKLAND.
MAYOR PHELAN communicates to a local paper in re
gard to his interest in an all-night ferry service between
San Francisco and Oakland.
The Mayor's residence in OaKland has no doubt led him to
study the inter-city transportation, and the means of getting
from the Mayor's office in ihe City Hall to his home across the
bay. We fear, however, that he has left some things out of his
calculation. There will be required an all-night service on the
street railways in both cities, for what shall it profit the Mayor
or any one else to be landed at the shore line of the bay on
either side at some hour past that at which graveyards yawn
and bave to walk. We admit that being Mayor of one city and
living in the other may give rise to a need of emergency trans
portation. A screw might get loose over here at lor 2a. M.,
and no one but the Mayor could tighten it, and the walking
across the bay is wet. But, has the Mayor considered the effect
upon people who are not Mayors, but who devote those hours
to sleep when the Mayor's train goes thundering through the
town putting an end to their rest?
It is true that he might leave the municipal screw-driver
with Colonel Sullivan. it might be useful in his great work of
uniting the local Democracy.
Mr. Adams, deposed ingloriously from his throne as social
dictator, and cheerful clown in who--e unties a world took inno
cent joy. yet has no cause to complain. True, he was bounced,
fired, Kicked out, but not a suggestion as to sending him to an
asylum for leeble* minded donkeys wan made at the meeting at
which he was stripped of his scepter as well as his cap and
Since the murderers of San Quentin hare formed so inter
esting a Bible class it seems almost a pity to break it up
through hanging them one at a time. Perhaps by swing
ing them off in a bunch continuity could bare been preserved.
G. S. Nixon of Nevada is a gne»t at the
Isaac Bird, a merchant of Merced, is at the
Grand Hotel. ' -
Dr. J. W. Jesse of Santa Rosa is a guest at
the Grand Hotel. .„.-.. ,:
H. S. Lustre and wife of Santa Barbara are at
A. H. Duck-rand wife of San Jose ara regis
tered at the Cosmopolitan.
Hervoy Lindley of Los Angeles registered at
the Palace Hotel yesterday.
O. 11. Relchling, the well-known hotel man
ot Jackson, is at the Grand.
J. L. Brum I, a merchant of Lockford, regis
tered at the Grand yesterday.
P. Carroll, a wine man of Peialuma, is in the
city, a guest at the Grand Hotel.
Peter Musto, a Stockton merchant, is in
town, stopping at the Grand Hotel.
D. W. Maratta, ex-Consul to New Zealand, Is
in the city, a guest at the Grand HoteL
F. S. Wensinger, a dairyman of Freestone,
registered at lhe Occidental last evening.
Ed Mathie, general superintendent of the
Los Angeles Brewing Company, ii in the city.
J. E. Poingdestre, a well-known mining man
of Yuba, registered at the Grand Hotel yester
day. > "- 5
F. Ellis, W. Cook and A. E. Hartshorn are
among the recent arrivals at the Cosmopol
James Shesgreen, agent of the Loui- James
Company, registered at the Occidental Hotel
Charles W. Hammond of Upper Lake arrived
in town yesterday and Is stopping at the Cali
Frank G. Newlands of Nevada arrived in the
city yesterday morning and is Sojourning at
the Palace Hotel.
Geor?c R. Stewart of Crows Landing, who is '
shipping cattle to Honolulu, is in the city,
slopping at the Grand Hotel.
L. M. Wood of Copper River, Alaska, arrived
in the city yesterday and inscribed his name
on the Palace Hotel register..
Dr. S. J. Call, surgeon of the United States
steamer Bear, arrived in the city from the
south yesterday aud registered at the Grand
Herman Schussler, chief engineer of the
Spring Valley Water Works, returned to the
city yesterday from a business trip to New
York, Boston and Harrisburg. Tho business
re. ated to the purchase of Iron and steel.
Governor Budd was in the city yesterday
attending to some private business affairs. He
will soon con:er with the Adjutant-General on
the proposition to provide an nrtilleiy regi
ment of the National Guard from the existing
CALIFORNIANS IN ..ASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.— O. V. Eaton of San
Francisco is at W Wards. W. H. Huntington of
San Francisco Is at the Oxflrd. T. A. Burns
and wife, L. Stickles of San Francisco, and H.
11. Carsten of lands are at the National.
CALIFORNIANS IN NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, Nov. 18.— At the Grand Union-
Mrs. Dilks; Windsor— Mr. and Mrs. A. M.
Kosenbaum; Astor— S. W. J-nno*..
THE EALLA. OFTHt GRIDIRON.
BlrT ! and a bang, ana the fun begins 1
Thump ! and a thud, and the horns are locked I
Sprint and scurry and save your skins,
Legs are twisted and ■ knlls are knocked.
Over the field swee. sa wolfish pack, *
Over the Held with acn Ing yell:
Surely the seen- doth no hlng lack—
Holding the mirror to Dame's hell.
Padded and plated the men are lined.
Braced and hi idaged they wall lie word.
Seem They to yon of human yd—
Are they not like to a savaßP herd 1
Shaggy the hair on each matte I bead.
Fiery thee-.--* by the cushioned nose:
Silent they wall til the wo d Is said
Ditching them forwaid against the foes.
All in a 'anzle the lighters fnll,
I egs wl.dly waving from under the heap !
Se- the limp form f om tue midst tvat the. haul-
Dead ? He's no dead— he Is only asleep.
Strained Is each muscle awaiting the woid.
Thrilled with ex Ctt erne it behold una and all !
Fiercely th -y mix op— the slgna Is. heard—
Crushing and trampling— and : bis is football I
— evrland lain Dealer.
FLASHES OF HUN.
A Ham goal, --iih tow-bowed head,
Hushed wld for, to butt—
A moment later he lay dead
With a shattered coco i nut ! '.
Tbe fellow hat he sought to crush.
The vlct rin the fr —
luri.e 1 out to I) a r*-ntpr rush,
Who met th .- goat half way.
A locomotive traveling in New. Jersey has
covered one, mile in thirty seconds. It Is
hoped to lower that record with better pace
making.— I'ick-Me-Up. ____H|
"Yes," said the nice little woman with gray
eyes, "I buy all my husband's cigars and neck
ties. I strive to anticipate his slightest wish."
"I wonder who it was." said the jealous
maiden lady near by, "who first said 'Antici
pation is better than realization/" — Cincin
"The tandem bicycle is a failure so far as
courtship is concerned."
"The girl can't look tho man In the eye to
see whether he is in dead earnest."— Chicago
Husband (furiously)— Here's my best meer
schaum pipe broken? How in the name of
sense did it happen? . ; . ? '■■);.,
Wife — don't know, except that when I got
up this morning I found your meerschaum
pipe on the front doormat and your shoes on
the parlor mantelpiece. ;:; -: *i-. .
Husband (mild Oh, well, accidents will
happen.— Tit-Bits. MR_B
"Well, you know, 'a woman's as old as she
"In the morning, or after she's ready to go
downtown?"— Chicago Journal. ,
"Pa, is a woman ever a pessimist?"
•'l'll have to refer you to your mother, my
boy."— Cleveland Plain Dealer.
n_ its -sms -innnr-i-i'-Tr-Tjir_i.i_r\
P SEE 3
E BRET HARTE'S . 3
g GREAT STORY 3
G in 3
| THE CALL j 3
g NEXT SUNDAY. 3
c It is one of the best he 3
£ has written. 3
REFLECTIONS Of- A BACHELOR.
New York Press.
A woman can strike a harder blow with her
bsck hair than sue can with her fist.
When a man looks admiringly at a girl with
a short bicycle skirt it is generally her nerve
that strikes him. • • r
All through life it's generally the man who
was too lazy to cast any vote that talks about
what "we" aid. - ■*- • • •-•'.-:
Babies and women always have an advan
tage over other people because they know they
The story that a man once waked np his
baby to see it laugh was got up by a girl with
no married sisters. - .-. .'' } i, ■'-:■■*•:■*"
When some men get to heaven they will
expect to see everybody fall down flat on his
lace while they walk up front to lei the Lord
congratulate them. '■•■'■"-rs
SHATTERING A POPULAR IDOL.
Chicago Times- Herali,
Captain Jack Crawford. . the poet , scout,
should cut his hair sow and come in from the
reservation. He has betrayed one ol the prin
cipal secrets ot his long-haired fraternity. > In
a recent interview he explains that breaking
glass balls with a rifle from the back oi ahorse
is hceomplishedby using cartridges rilied
with small shot instead of a bullet, and add»:
"A man ought to be able to ride- a streak ot
excited lightning and break class balls with
such an outfit as that." Alas! Do ail popular
idols have feet of clay? .- .. v ■ • *--g -•$-,
Ten cents for a bottle of Low's hore
hound cough syrup, 417 Sansome st * *
TYPICAL SCOOP ACHIEVED
BY YELLOW JOURNALISM
Among the habits of the Examiner people is that of sending to a New York gentle
man, who Is afraid to visit San Francisco, a daily copy of that paper. In this copy
various items are marked "scoop," and in the effort to make the array of "scoops" im
posing veracity is cast to the winds, and conscience— but why speak of conscience
where the saffron Appendix is under consideration?
Here are two heads covering Oakland matter, and serving to expose a new a trick
which has become chronic with the Hearstllngs:
From the "Call" of November 9.
CANNOT BE OF
USE FOR YEARS
Water- Front Suits May
Have to Be Again Con*
The City's Attorneys Believe
Tiat the Highest Court
Should Be Reached.
Power to Order Further Litigation
Now Bests With tha City
Oakland Office San Francisco Call.)
s*oß Broadway, Nov. 8. J
The attorneys for the city are now
debating what action to take. The
Supreme Court bas sent the case back
to be retried and there is some doubt
as to whether it is necessary to have a
new trial before the case can be taken
to the Supreme Court of the United
States. Some of the attorneys are
of the opinion that a writ of error
could be taken out in the United States
Suprem Court, while others are in
clined to believe that until the case
has been retried and again reviewed by
the Supreme Court the highest court
in the land would not have acquired
As by so plain a tale yellow journalism may be put down, there is no necessity for
treating the facts at length. In brief, they amount to this: The Call published im
portant news the Examiner failed to obtain. Seven days later the latter published as
news the same old information, adding nothing to its detail, and throwing not the
least lleht upon the situation. HEM
The Examiner doubtless went eastward with a joyful "scoop" stamped upon a story
which was in reality nothing but tangible evidence that the Appendix had suffered de
Perhaps such tactics may deceive the timid New York gentleman, but they do not
fool anybody here.
COLONEL HEAP'S ylZ\_ BUOY LIQHT.
The United States Lighthouse Board has been making official tests of the new acetylene
gas buoy light, with which Colonel D. M. Heap, U. S. A., engineer of the third lighthouse
district, has been experimenting, and which glve*|promise of revolutionizing this branch ot
the lighthouse service. v Mi.-.-.v
Colonel Heap, says the New York Herald, had the new buoy light moored about 500 yards
from the Long Island shore, directly opposite the lighthouse depot at Tompkinsville, S. 1.,
and those who went down to the sea at night were astonished by its brilliancy. One of the
buoy lights now in usj was moored abreast of the new ,l:ht, and according to the calcula
tions cf experts who witnessed this unofficial test, Colonel Heap's bu y light— practically
it Is his invention, although he modestly disclaims it outshone its competitor at the ratio
of three to one. SSKaffiSstJSfg^
The new buoy light is 300, the electrically lighted buoys average 200. and the buoys
lighted by the old gas system are 100 candle-power. The acetylene lignt it is announced
is far superior tj its competitors in luminosity and penetrative qualities. The new illuminant
COLONEL HEAP AND HIS NEW GASLIGHT BUOY.
resembles a limelight in color, but is softer in effect and does not hurt the eyes when one looks
at it. Moreover, according to the experts, the new buoys can be anuiactured for $350 each,
while the cost of the buoys used under the old system is about $1000 each.
In the buoy designed by Colonel Heap the ingredients that go to make the new ga3 are
stored in tnree pipes whicn are connected directly with the burner of the lamp. What those
ingredients are he declined to make public, but he showed how the gas is made by pouring a
grayish powder into a glassful of water. The effect was as in the mixing of a seidlltz powder.
A match was applied to the foaming liquid, an explosion followed and then the gas was gen
The new buoy light, ln addition to b**ing more powerful than the electric illy lighted
buoys, has this advantage: When one of the latter gets out oi order the whole chain ot con
nected buoys is affected, anil this has been a subject of great complaint unon the part of mar
iners; whereas the new buoy light, standing alone, is alone affected, and can be s illy re
placed by another. This point, it is thought, wi.l count largely in favor of its adoption as the
standard buoy light ot the service. _gf__fi
RONTGEN RAYS-C/-U ING THE
BLIND TO SEE.
Some interesting experiments with the X
rays amone the blind at Carlisle are reported
by Mr. Hodson of Hulme. The results in the
esse of Barwise Storey, who has been blind for
twenty years, were very remarkable. Experi
ments were continued for about an nonr. On
entering the room he was sensible of the
brightness of the ordinary electric light, but
on the X rays being turned on he saw much
more than this. He could distinguish the
greenish hue of the light, the globular form
of the glass lv which it is contained, and.
separated from this by what appeared to him
us a dark line, the incandescent tube below
through whicn the lignt is conveyed to the
Later on he was even able to distinguish the
dark line of the Croukes tube inside the glass.
He described a.l these accurately to persons
present tefore he was allowed io touch them.
On being allowed to handle the globe he
found It exactly corresponded to th.- impres
sion made upon him by his eyes, except that
to the eye it appeared much larger than to
the hand. Perhaps the most remarkable thing
ol all, however, was that ou coming out of the
chamber, into the open air everything ap
peared much brighter. It is noticeable that
all the blind persons experimented on could
distinguish the greenish hue of the X rays.
FIRST SCIEN. IMC KITE-FLYING.
Appleton's Popular science Monthly for October.
The famous kite experiment is described by
Franklin In a letter dated October 19, 1752:
"Make a small cross of light sticks of cedar,
the arms so long as to reach to the ionr corners
of a large, thin silk handkerchief when extend
ed. Tie the corners of the haudkarchiel to the
extremities of the cross, so you have the body
of a kite which, being properly accommodated
with a tail, loop and strmg.wlll rise in the air
like those made of paper, being made of Bilk is
better fitted to bear the wet . and wind of a
thunder gust without tearing. Tothe top of
the upright stick of the cross Is to be fixed a
very sharp-pointed wire rising a loot or more
above the wood.
"To the end of the twine next the hand is to
be tied a silk ribbon, and where the si k and
twine join a key may be fastened. This kite
is to be raised when a thunder gust appears to
be coming on, and the person who holds the
string must sttind within a door or window,
or under some cover, so that the silk ribbon
may Dot be wet, and care must.be taken that
the twine does not touch the frame of the
loor or window. As soon as the thunder
clouds come over the kite the pointed wire
will draw the electric fire Irom them, and the
kite, with all the twine, will be electrified
and stand out every way and be attracted by
an approaching finger. And when the rain
has wet the kite and twine you will fina the
electric fire stream out plentifully from the
key on the approach of your knuck.e."
From the Fxaminer of November 17.
Oakland Attorneys Will
Apply for a Writ
of Error. -
Suit to Be Taken Before-.the
United States Supreme
The Federal Tribunal Can Over
rule the Decision of the
WILLIAM R. DAVIS* OP'NION
The Ground* for the Application Have
Not Yet Been Decided Upo*.
by the Lawyers.
The battle for the rights of the peo
ple in the Oakland, water front case
has not yet ended The proposition
to carry the case to the highest court oj
the land fi.lt*> sustains the contention
of " The Examiner" that the contest
should not cease until the Supreme
Court jf Wairstngton had finally
paw 1 on the mmts cf the important
NOTES ABOUT NOTABLES.
Thanks to the activity of Canon Rawnsley,
a movement has been set on loot in England
for the erection at Whitby of a memorial in
honor of Caedmon, "the father of English
Miss Mary Rachel Dobson, a daughter of
Austin Dobson, is one of the most active
workers in the university settlement for
women in Bombay, India. Their work is
principally among the Parsees.
The report that there is only one surviving
schoolm- te of Abraham Lincoln bas been dis
proved. Mr«. Susie Yeager of Rhlneville, Ky.,
now in her 90th year, was a schoolmate of the
great emancipator at the first school session
The members of the Philadelphia Academy
of Sciences are still trying to raise the $50,
--000 required to purchase for the academy the
paleotitoiogical collection of the late Professor
Edward Drinker Cope. Thus far they have
succeeded in getting $7000.
The well-known stinginess of the late Alex
ander Dumas has given rue to a variety of
anecdot's. We are told that ne was once
asked whether he ever gave anything to the
poor, and he answered: "Oh, yes. When I
come across a bad niece of money I always give
it away to a blind 'man."
Rev. Dr. Hiram W. Thomas, the famous lib
eral preacher of Chicago, in speaking of the
impossibility of a busy pastor reading for
himself all or even a majorit. of 'new books,
says he haa frequently reviewed books in pub
11c that he never read for himself. Wan re
liable assistance, however, he has never been
deceived as to me real thought of a writer.
A few years airo, according to the Boston
Transcript, an Inventor who had devised a
new sleeping-car took his plans to Mr. Pull
man. The latter, after looking over them,
said : "There is an idea there. I will give you
$100,000 cash for your patents." The In
ventor was a poor man and he would not ac
cept the terms. He said that if the idea was
worth $100,000 to Pullman It was worth mil
lions to him. The car was built and proved
_ financial failure, and it Is believed that even
to this day the inventor does not know where
the "idea" was whose presence Mr. Pull
man discerned in the working pans.
SIGNIFICANCE OF A CLAMOR.
The clamor foi cheaper sleeping-car rates,
so the officials declare, comes mostly from
people who never patronize them. There is
nothing strange in that. They are doubtless
striving to gel the rates in reach so that they
may patronize them. *
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Mount Sanhei-RIN-S.. Cuffeys Cove. CaL
The height of Mount Sanhedrln. in Mendo
cino County, is approximately bOOO teei.
A Half DIME-A-re*der, City. A half dime
of 1853 does not command a PP ro 0 '" m ' "J
such are cffered for sale at from 25 to 03
O'Reilly and O'Ryan-S., Cuffeys Cove, Cal.
The O'Reillys figure In history, but this °f"-
partment does not find any record ot tne
Arithmetic— R. &, City. This department
does not answer questions in arithmetic, solve
problems nor furnish solutions to puzzles,
and consequently cannot answer your ques
tion in multiplication.
College Terms— S., Cnffeya Cove, Cal. In
the colleges und universities of the United
States freshman is the term applied to a stu
dent during the first year, soph«. -note during
the second year, junior during ihe third year
and senior during the fourth year.
Religion— S., Cuff >ys Cove. Cal. The con
stitution of the United States, article lof the
Congress shall make no laws respecting the es
tablishment of religion, or prohibit!.!* the free ex
ercise thereof: or abridging the freedom of speech
or of the press, or th. right of ihe people Deaceably
to assemble and to petition the Government for a
redress of grievances. '
A Husband's Right-L P., City. All prop
erty th.a a husband had before marriage is his
individual and separate property, and he,
after marriage, has a perfect right to dispose
of the same without the consent of his wile.
If. however, alter marriage, he with money
earned during marriage, should place an im
provement on that property. the improvement
becomes community property.
Holland— A. S., City. This department has
been unable to obtain tbe names of all the
Ministers of Holland since the year 1800.
The present Premier nnd Minister of Foreign
Affairs is J. R'ie;l; Minister of the Interior, S.
yon Houten ; Colonies. J. N. Bergsmn ; Justice,
W Van -ler Kaav ; Finance, J. B. Spenger Van
E k; War, Lieutenant-General C. D. «*\
Schneider; Marine, H. M. Van der *n "■ - V
Waterways, Commerce and Industries, l °^k
W. Van "der Sleyden. f-- ;.*\
Draw Pedro— city. This correspondent
submits the following in draw pedro:
All rlavers within two of out— No. I bid L No.
2 bid a 'No. 3 passed. No. 4 bid H. NO. 6 bid 7
on ace, jacK. game and r.edro oi ciamonds and did
not better his hand.
(■ am No. & I.d the are of diamonds; five
trumos, but no points fell. No. 5 ifd game ami
live trumps fell. No 2 taking: Hil- trick with the
king: the qu*en did nit fall. No a led ace of
suit; no one trumped. No. " again ' led
suit and No. 5 dropped pedro in, and
as No. 1 had no trumps, Na 5 saved his
pedro, making six ptirits Tten as Na 5 was
about to lead a email suit card. No 4, who had the
queen, stated that as Na & had m. de his points
(although he had not), threw iljivii his hand.
which held his queen, and No. 5 saved is jack.
At the time No. 4 staled that No. 5 bad mane his
pointß. No. & lemained silent, neither denied or
affirmed No. 4's sta.emeiu. 1 hereiore. No. 4.
alter throwing awai* his hand, stated that he made
a mistake, but usall ihe other players were Inter
red In ,he game he could not lorfeit their rights.
Query— Was No. 5 rightfully entitled to the
This has been submitted to a number of
men well versed In the matter of cards and
the almost unanimous response is about as
follows: There is no rule covering the ques
tion in dispute, but no man s.ould be allowed
to toss ( ff points when another's interests are
involved, except in a legitimate manner.
Therefore, No. _ should take up his liana and
pi it out. Another solution of 'he question
wou d establish a precedent that would admit
of collusion between any two players in a
All circumstances and all researches seem
to point to the positive fact that Alaska was
settled, or rather populated, by accident and
not by any diplomatic plan. Had a party of
men or a colony sent out by a government
made definite plan for the settlement of tie
country for the sake of its furs, oil and other
commodities there would have been some
manner of record kept either by the men in
authority in that p. «c* or by th State from
which they were sent, and thus we would
have possessed some definite history, and
we woula hope for some form 01 literature,
however deficient in rhetoric; but every
year it becomes more and more certain that
we shall never know, except through con
jecture, more than we do to-day. And in this
we see an opening for just such a wonderful
imaginary history as mat of the Kale Va a. or
the sweet, strange story of Hi»waiha. Not
irom the pen of a tours', or a historic bard
born in another land, but we see among the
bright opening intellects of the Alaskan na
tive cnildren the i respect that some day
Alaska will have a literature of her own, born
in the imagination of some of her own chil
dren and painted in the c lors which the
holy love oi country wi I make exquisitely
beautiful. Btshrod Washington James. -
KEEPING THE INTEREST AT HOME
It is estimated that Europe has sent vi back
$57,000,000 of our securities in iho last six
months in the endeavor to prevent the ship
ment uf gold to our shores. Europe is wel
come to continue the process so long as
desires. We shall be abie to take care of
Califop.nia glace Iruits.oOc lb. Townsend's."
"Golden Poppies," a California calendar for
1898. Also ••Chinese" calendars now ready
for mailing at Sanborn & Vail's, 741 Market st.
Fr-yciAL information daily to manufacturer*,
business houses and public men by the Presi
Clipping Bureau (Alien's), 510 Moutgomery. '
"The face of every woman is a history or a
prophesy," said Mrs. Margaret Sangster at the
annual banquet of the Emma Willaid Associa
tion recently. "I have no sympathy with
women who try to efface wrinkle*. A woman
has no business to look younger than she is.
There is a history in every line of her face."
"Mr*. Winsiow'g soothing Symp"
Haa been used over fifty years by millions of moth
era for their children while Teething with perfect
success. It soothes the child, softens the gums. al
lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Bowels
and la the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether
arising from teething or other causes, lor sale by
Druggists in every part of the world. Be sure anl
atkior_i*_.Winslow's Soothing Syrup. -*scaoo»Hj
Ron a no.— Atmosphere is perfectly fl y *_•».
and mild.' being- entirely free from me mists com
mon further north. Hound- trip tickets, by steam
ship, Including fifteen days' board at the Hotel im
toronado, »«)-. longer slay $2 50 perday. ■*»•»»-/
4 .Sew -iiuuiguiiifrv street. San Francisco, or A.
W. Bailey, manager Hotel del Coronado, la.c of
Hotel Colorado, Ulenwood Springs, Colorado. :
John Sartain, the artist, who died a few daya
ago in Philadelphia, had many interesting ex
periences during his life of 89 years. He
knew Charles Dickens as a boy pasting
blacking labels in a London factory. Thomas
Hood's "The Song of the Shirt" and "The
Bridge of Sighs" were first printed in a maga
zine published by Sartain lv Philadelphia in
Many persons cannot take
plain cod-liver oil.
They cannot digest it.
It upsets the stomach.
Knowing these things, we
have digested the oil in
Scott's Emulsion of Cod-
liver Oil with . Hypophos-
phites; that is, we have
broken it up into little glob-
ules, or droplets.
We use 'machinery to do
the work of the digestive
organs, and you obtain the
good effects of the digested
oil at once. That is why you
can take Scott's Emulsion.
50c. and $1.00, all druggists.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists, New Yertk
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