Pitiable Condition of
MUCH ILLNESS IN THE [
Men Sent to Fight the Rebels
Are Worse Off Than the
MUTINY DECLARED TO BE
fjpiosa Provisions and Medical Aid
Are Provided at Once Regu
lars Will Not Serve.
Copyright,- 897, by James fiorJon Bennett.
HAVANA, Nov. 20.— Deplorable as the |
condition of the reconeentrados may be,
Spain's first duty is clearly to relieve the
sufferings of her own troops, and 50 far as i
II was able to judge irom a twenty-five- ,
mile country trip «!on>: the Spanish lines, i
the royal soldiers re in as serious pligh
as the majority of the reconcentrados. To
begin with, toe Spanish ldiers have re
ceived no pay 'or many months, and con- ;
sequently they are not able to buy any
thing on their own account in the small j
towns in which they ares aiioned. Then,
too, the credit of the troops has been in
most instances exhausted, shopKeepers I
refusing to deliver more goods until they
are paid what is long due them. All the J
soldiers have to depend upon in the way
of food and clothing is what is supplied
by the cornissary department, and that
department is neglected, and, it is as
In Havana leaving aside the hospitals
conditions are not so bad, but if the
captam-qeneral were to go to the country
he would see ill soldiers lying by the way
side; lie would find many torts that in
reality ard nothing more than hospitals,
and in most of the small towns he would
experience difficulty in getting together a
force of any size that would be able to
march five miles mid t en be in condition
to tackle an ordinary band ol rebels. I
am not in any wav exaggerating when 1
write thus, for I have seen these things
i self. I took a tr.iinfor Arternisa early
I jun'day morning. At every small station
I mat we passed I -aiv ill soldiers. In many j
\in>rances the mark of death was plainly
Visible in heir faces.
They were paler and more pinched than
the reconcer.trados that begged at the Car
windows. MtniDers of the squad who
saluted each time the train pulled up ap
peared barely able to raise their rifles.
But it was not until I reached Artemisa
and cot inside a fort tiiat I fully realized
1 tne condition of the troops. In the first
fort I inspected — a, fort not more than
thirty leet square on trie inside — were
swung a dcz.-n hammocks. In each lay
an ill man, in all more than half the
garrison. There was no nurse in attend
ance, and the men told me tney were
without me-icine. Outside was a kettl"
boiling over the cam; tire. Ii contained
salt hsh and red b-:a:i;-. This is all the
food tbat has been served day in and day
out lor weeks.
I saw a company fail in to escort a con
voy outside the lines early Monday morn
ing. "When the commanding officer ar
rived a third of his men were lying on the
bank o ! the ditch wrapped in their blan
kets and trembling with fever. From
Gdanajay to Mar. a ihe road was thickly
studded with foris, several of which I
entered. In every instancs almost half
the garrison wore ill and the rest looked
almost starved. While the sentinel at
the door was examining my permit 1
walked inside. A small quantity of dyna
mite would have wrecked the structure.
I visit -da chur<h that nad been turned
into a jail. The "same conditions prevailed
there. Half the guards were invalids, and
had the prisoner not been weaker than
the guards there was little to hinder their
escape. I forgot :o mention that accom-
Yinying me was a detective, whose in
-tructions we <- >■■ only let me see the best
de of things-. But if I only saw the best
side of the picture, then heaven help the
rest of the country.
In further proof of my assertions re
garding the condition of tne Spanish
troops I have this morning received the
following copy ol an official telegram
dated November 17 from the military
commander in Crego de A. Vila to Havana:
'Very serious condition in tnis town (g«r
ri<-onj; no bread, no flour, absolutely.
'Ihree thousand sick in hospital without
provisions whatever, besides the garrison
itself. With greatest urgency must be
sent the flour asked for on October 20, and
send cash to buy effects. No credit."
Telegrams similar, to the above are pour
ing into the palace daily. If this la-is
much longer the troops will surely mutiny,
particularly li relief is first afforded to
rvconcentrado<-. Such is the state of af
fairs in the Spanish army in Cuba that
General Blanco has to contend with. It
;- hardly to be wondered at that he feels
incensed at the way in which he has been
dece:v d by Spanish officers.
VVEYLER AT BARCELONA.
Expresses Regret at His Recall and
Tries to Justify His Cruelty
;n Cub i.
BARCELONA, Nov. 23.— General Wey
ler, addressing a number of bis friends
shortly after his ;:i rival here, expressed
great regret at hi^ recall irom Cuba, add
ing thai lie was particularly annoyed at.
the attitude of certain newspapers, which
<iecl;;red that he favored the insur
.ents. Continuing, the general remarked :
Spanish soldier 1 -, however, have the same
contempt for :hese papers as they have
it - t,l: busters."
/ erring to the concentration of the
1 !i peasants near the towns of thai
i, General Weyier explained that he
mcd bucd a step necessary, because
they were ".-pies and the most devoted
friends o: the e:ipmy."
In re<:;ird to atttouoory, 'he former r.ap
tain-g«-:iorai of (.lib:* said : "Autonomy in
Cuba would be moat unfortunate for na
tional industry. The riches of Cuba bo-
Jong to fcpain, and autonomy means the
disappearance of fcpanish workmen and i
complete misery throughout the island.
There is as much reason for Catalonia,
tt.e Balearic inlands and the other prov
inces to ask for autonomy as Cuba.
li is uudeibtooU in Barcelona that Geu
eral Weyler will hod uloot from the Carl- I
ists and Republicans, but ue desires to
pose .is the champion of "nMtional pro
duction," aims at reoiganiging the con- \
servative party, and in order to realize his
protectionist ideal be will vigorously op
pose the irantng of tariff autonomy to |
MADRID, Nov. 23 —Premier Sa-asta,
replying to-day to a Catalan deputation,
tor mall. declared that the Government of
Spain could in no way modify its pro
gramme of autonomy for Cuba. Continu
ing, the Premier cxi ressed the hope tdat
Uie Cuban Assembly wotild elect a coti
miss'on which would co-operate with a
Spanish commission in determining the
commercial relations between Cubn and
S ain by consulting their mutual interest*.
This is interpreted a- meaning mat 'he
Cab.net will adopt the :-c!ieme o: Senor
Moret, the Minister for the Colon'es. who,
a.- cabled yesteday, announced to a Cata- I
lan delena i>n that he had fully consid- |
ered the general interests of the colonies
:md was convinced that his policy alone
would lend to a peaceful solution.
T:ie Cabinet in council has approved
the artic<e in ihe autonomy scheme div
ine the Cubans the control of the customs.
I's terms will not be published rntil It |
nas received the sanction of the ijueen
In nddition to the granting of an autono
mous tariff tor Cuba the io. lowing reforms*
have been proposed: The Chamber of
l'epnties of the island shall be composed
of between forty ami fifty members, a j
rteputy for each 40,000 ot the population, j
The Governor-General is to choose !rcm
tins Chamber tive members to form an
Executive Committee, consisting of a
I'resident and Ministers of the interior,
Finance, Justice and Public Works. The
Gowrnor-General shah have the right to
CLAY FEAnS HIS ENEMIES.
While Waiting for His Wife io Return
he Proposes to Resist the Work
NEW YORK. Nov. 'S3 —A special to the
Herald Irom Whitehall, say:*: General
Cassius Marcellus Clay slept but little
last night, being worried over the failure
of his young wife to return to him as she
had promised. He was leelint: badly, he
saitJ. when I called on him to-day, :uid at
10 u'clocK was trying to eat a little break
fast. He said he war- v ry ill, something
unusual with him. <_i nerai Clay believe
his enemies are trying to burn down his
Costly mansion and workmen were en
gaged to-day in putting sheet iron on the
doors to prevent incendiaries from Bring
the house from tne outside. He says h:s
enemies were attacking him in the press,
and that he intends to let the public know
ail the itisid.- facts of bis troubles since
he married D>ra R chardson. He hilly
expected hn wife to return tiorne ye~t*r
dav, and when she die! :i"t appear he
looked for her to-night. He is watching
ana waiting I(>r her return to-night.
WAS A SMALL AFFAIR
So Say the Officers of the
United States Gunboat
Ware Not Called Up:>n to Protect
the Interests of Ameri
Special Dispatch to The Call.
SAN DIEGO, Nov. 23— The gunboat
Alert, Commander Richard?, arrived to- .
day from ."-an Jose de Guatemala, via
Acaputco. She left San Jose on Novem
ber ♦> Af'er taking on coal here she will
sail for Sun Francisco, arriving there
about next Sunday.
The Alert was ordered to San Jo3e to
protect American interests during the in
surrection against Reina Barrios.
An officer of the vessel said this even
ing that the backbone of the rebellion was
j practically broken by the time the Alert
i arrived, and two weeks afterward they re-
I ceived oflicial notice that Barrios was
again in Hie saddle. There was nothing
at any time, he added, that demanded ac
tion or. the part of the American warship.
T .c rebellion seemed to be a very small
The Alert lay two mile* off shore at San
Jose on account of the yellow fever, and
■ no communication was had with shore
except when ab-olutelv necessary. lh ■
! sea was almost constantly rough in the
! oiling, so tint the gun ports had to be
closed, and the old vessel lolled fearfully.
It was very not all the tune, but there
was no sickness or-, board, and the report
that the paymaster and surgeon nad been
ill is denied.
At Acapuico the Alert met tho British
•cruiser Amphion, en route to Coqnimbo,
to remain as flagship of the South Pacific
FOILS THE TRAIN RIBBERS.
An Engineer Stops in Short Order
and Backs Away Amid a Volley
DUBLIN, Texas. Nov. -An attempt
was made to rob a west-bound passenger
train on the Rio Grande Railroad at 4
o'clock this morning about three miles
west of Dublin. As the train rounded a
curve approaching a deep cut the en
gineer observed a pile of rock on the
track in the middle of the cut. He re
versed his engine, stopping the train with
a jolt, ami almost instantly had his train
in motion again, backing toward this
place.' The engineer's action was so quick
that the robbers were unable to board the
train, but as the train backed out of their
trap they opened fire Upon the locomo
tive. Tne engineer and fireman crouched
I) bind t c boiler to avoid the bullets.
There were' four roDfcers and they wer>
not masked. When officers had reached
i the teens the robbers had disappeared.
The passengers on the train rewarded lie
engineer with a liberal purse.
M/S THE LAW NEEDS REFORM.
Rev. J. Lee Black of Santa Barbara
to Practice in the
BAKTA BARBARA, Nov. 23 — Rev. J.
Lee blacE, who hay been pastor of the
Christian cfauicb, has res-ignen his charge
and on the first of ihe year will Jenve for
San FranciFto :o take up the practice of
Jaw. Mr. Black has been very successful
Mnce coining here, and through his effort*
h line new church lihs been erected by his
congregaiion. He first studied for the
stage, but, being converted to religion,
took up the ministry. Mr. Black says
that reformation is needed in law aid
politics, and for this reasun he leaves ihc
pulpii to enter a wider field.
Fnrtnm Mrrt at I'etnlwna.
PET ALUM A, Nov. Si,— The opening
fession of the Fanvrs' Institute was held
here lliis afternoon. The institute was
called to order by C. D. Grover, who
officiated as presidine < fficer, and delivered
an eloquent address of welcome on behalf
of 'he grange, under whose auspices t «»
institute ia beintj held. Douglass F.
Fowler of the University of California
spoke on "Farruers and Farmers' Insti
tutes." Tne session was uevoted princi
pally to the poultry industry.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1897.
of Miss Bertha Lane
MURDER OR KIDNAP
For Five Days a Search for
the Missing Student Has
DETECTIVES OBTAIN A
It is Feared the Youne Woman Fell
Into a River While In Pursuit
of Botanical Studies.
social .Dispatch to The Call.
BOSTON, Nov. 23 —The great mystery
of the disappearance cf Grace Stevenson,
the millionaire heiress who dropped out
ol sight seven months ago, now finds an
equally fascinating parallel, and the
!nsbionable Mount Holyoke College,
which i«> greatly excited over the my
teriuu- 1 d.sappearancs of Bkrtha Lane Mel
lish, the beautiful young daughter of Rev.
John H. Mellish of Klllir.tly, Conn. For
live days an unremitting se; rch has been
kept up for the misting studeut, but not
the slightest clew lias been found. Toe
mystery is complete and b:ttn>s the keen
eat detectives. Not even a motive enn be
guessed at, for ihe »rirl bad no love affair?,
and not the first shadow had crossed her
pure and happy career. Suicide theories
:ire scouted as out of the question. Ene
: tniesshe had none. A voluntary elope
ment it could not have been. I' must
i either have been a case of murder or kid-
lha first clew to the mystery came to
night, when the followinc word was re
ceived by the Massachii'etis Secret Ser
vice Agency, wnich is at work on the case,
when may poss bly lead to t:e solution
of the eirl's disappearance:
NEW TO-DAY CLOTHING. _^^ ■
■•:■• .■■_■./.■- :;^. :■■;:,,; - - _, _. ..;
We do"NoH""Brooke"anY interference!!!
We are goiug right along — on a fixed course— with a fixed policy, and win-
ning the solid approval of lovers of honest all-wool clothing. When we say we II
give you a Suit or an Overcoat for $ib, cut -MADE WELL BY WHITE Mf
LABOR AND MADE WHERE YOU CAN SEE IT MADE, on our ground floor— £fl^
clothing that fits, YOU BELIEVE YOU WILL GET YOUR MONEYS WORTH. |"| j& jdßß§Sb±
There's suits in Single and Double Breasted Sacks and Three-button Cut- 11 fTO^^B HI A
aways; Overcoats, latest cut, swellest effects, weaves of Kerseys, Meltons, Clay n B im H A
Worsteds and Cassimeres; they are just typical of what these high-price tailors H^ISE aii^^ BHW|
charge $35 and $45 for; they are WHAT YOU WANT, and we can fill that want. GB3I Hi 8^
- ■ - ptyjjawßHß Rb^L^^BrSSS m&^&^KSSSS
We can dress you (as we have thousands of others) with satisfaction all round. HUSI f&HraHa i^^
We repair free for one } ear all clothing bought from us, and it will surprise you HBwB ffl|||gffa at
to step in and inspect these Suits and ( )vercoats \T iffl^i MmSm
We want to impress this upon the public: We mean just what we say when £ ML w&^H^
we quote ALL-WOOL Suits or Overcoats — they are ALL WOOL — and they are
$10 — no more, no less — and, like everything else, are sold with the understanding
that if unsatisfactory bring them back within one week and we will refund the
money in full, obligingly — immediately !
S. N. WOOD fie CO
COLUMBIAN WOOLEN MILLS
718 & 722 MARKET ST POWELL & EDDY
"I have discovered footprints of Miss !
Bertha Mellish two and one-half rniies <
from South Hadley on the line of the
Connecticut Kh-er at a place called the j
Gorge. This, the studema say, was a )
favorite haunt of Bertha's. Seven men
■ire now starting in teams to drag the
river where the footprints ceu^e. They i
are arcomp.-.nied by Dr. Hammond, the I
At a late hour to-nifcht the re) ort came
that nothing had been found, and so the
•Something very important is to hop
pen four weeks from yesterday, nameiy,
my tirst debate here and my last, too,
probably." So wrote Miss MeUish to her
father four days before her disappearance.
One might detect a touch of pathos in the
a'ter statement, although it may have i
been meant to convey the impre-sion j
that there would be no future debates j
while she was at college in whicu she j
wou.d be requ'red to take pan.
Miss Mellij-h, In addition to her other
studies', was a great student of botany
and was in the habit cf taking long walks |
for the purpose of ad ii:is-' to her practical I
knowledge of the subject. These walks
were, as a rule, taken in the afternoon,
and it was no: unusual for the young girl
to go alone. If accompanied at. all it was
by a classmate, whom she dearly loved.
Last Thursday afternoon, when Miss
Mellish went for her customary walk, she
was alone, but as near at can be learned
not of her own volition. She got up from
the dinner-table about 1:15 and asked the
classmate referred to to lake that walk
with her, referring evidently to a walk
wbiob had been planned before. For the
tir*t time since the girls have been to
gether, it is said, the classmate declined
for some reason or other to go, and Miss
Moliish passed out alone. She was seen
sl.ortiy afterward walking along the road
to Smiths Ferry, and did not return to the
exercises in the afternoon.
At night, when she did not return, a
searcn was made, but without result.
Mi«s Mellish had rtisapjearta as com
pletely as it tiie car h had opened and
swallowed her. Miss Meilisti was 2l years
of ace, medium iKisjnt, quite s ender,
with auburn hair and brown eyes. Among
some the theory of suicute is entertained,
but it is not considered that there wusany
i eason for this unless Miss MeHish's sen
■itive nature accepted as a slight her
classmate's refu-al to accompany her, or
unless she was temporarily deranged. A
vi.orous search is beins made for me yirl
by the Massachusetts Secret Service
Aaency, also by Detective Mack of Hoi
yoke and State Detective Mnoyon.
fneifle Count /'riniir/M.
WASHINGTON, Nov. l':J — Pensions
have been granted as follows:
California: Original — Antoa Pabst, Los
Angeles; Clyde J. McDevitt, Rands burs;
Samuel Conn, Pasadena; Allen C. Reid
(dead), Aiamedn ; Sydney Bliss, tan Jose;
Francis M. Stransberry, Dyerville. Orig
inal widow— Ella A Reid, Alameda.
Oregon: Original — Monroe Sheets, Me-
Wnshinßton: Original — Charles D. Row
ley, Soldiers' Home, Pierce; Stephen P.
Baker, Spokane. Original widow — Mary
C. I^ieele, Tacutna.
Roosevelt Speaks in
High Terms of Its
I BIG DEMAND FOR OLD
So the Assistant Secretary
Asks That Boats Be
RESERVES WOULD BE ON
HAND IN GASE OF WAR.
Citizen Sailors Whose Proper Train-
Ing Requires the Construction of
Cruisers for the Purpose.
(Special Dispatch to The Call.
Call Office, Riggs Bouse [
Washington, Nov. 23. j
Assistant Secretary Roosevelt has sub
mitted to the Secretary of the Navy the
report of Lieutenant Gibbon*, who has
charge of naval militia matters. The re
port speaks in high terms of the opera
tions of the naval militia and is approved
! by Mr. Roosevelt. In his own comment
Mr. Roosevelt says:
"The different organizations are contin
'i ually asking for old vessels, and the de
i partment has finally tried the experiment
of sending the Yantic to the lakes for the
use of the Michigan militia. The supply
i of these old woodeu vessels has now be
f come practically exhausted. The depart
i ment has cried the experiment of loan
ing monitors to the different organiza
tion;, but the results havo not so far been
; satisfactory, as monitors are poor ships
I for cruising or for use as barracks.
''There are three or four of these or
ganizations which, in the event of a sud
j den emergency, cculd be utilized at once
for manning the smaller national cruisers,
but this, of course, cannot generally be
the case with the majority of the organi
zations. They must be depended upon
primarily as a stcond line of defense.
There are two very important features 1
which should be attended to by such a |
second line. One is the placing of mines, i
the o'lier the estaDd-hnient of signal sta- j
tions for coast defense.
"Tie department should request that
there ?houid bo inserted in the provision
for the maintenance of the nnva. militia
the words 'submarine mminsr outfits,' so
as to allow of tr-ining them for this pu:
pose. The department lias also been ma
turing plnns lor the s gnal station lcr the
oast defense, and a very slisrht extencH
ture of money, with 'lie co-operation of
tne Treasury Department, will put this
on a satisfactory basis. The organizations
are continually requesting the detail of
officers to instruct them, and they can
best of all be instructed by regular service
on war vessels or under the supervision of
naval officers and in conjunction with the
■'It i« much to t.e wished that Congress
will authorize, in the rirst place, 1 lie sub
stitution lor the old paddle-wheel
steamer Michigan on the lakes of a small
modern gunboat, perhaps of the Petrel
iyi>e, to b» devoted largely to cruising
wit 11 the lake militia oraanizations and
to overseeing them ; and, fur.hermore. to
the buildinsr of one similar small cruiser
on the Pacilic and two on the Atlantic to
be used for this same purpose. With
these cruisers it would be possible to
bring the naval militia organizations to a
very high standard of efficiency, and the
cruiser-f themselves, of course, would be
p.vaiiable at any moment for any of the
recnlar naval uses in an emergency."
MONTREAL, Nov. 23. — The United
States warship Yautic left yesterday for
Ogdensburg en route lor Detroi . She i-;
being towed on six pontoons by tugs. Her
entne keel, twelve feet of her bow and al!
her spars have been removed.
TRIAL OF MaRJIN THORN.
Witnesses Tell of the Finding of
Different Portions of the Body
of Gu densuppe.
NEW YORK, Nov. '-'B.— In a little more
ihan an hour this morning three addi
tional jurors for the trial of Martin Thorn,
the alleged assassin of William Gulden
3'ippe, were secured in the criminal branch
uf the Supreme Court of (Jueens Count*.
Tliis made ten juror* in all, those selected
to-day being: Nicholas Blake, a carpenter
oi FreepoM ; Charles Schreiber, n real
estate dealer of Valley Stream, and George
t. Elinrd, an oy-tcr man of Great Neck.
Tne impaneling of the iury was com
pleted when the time arrived for the noon
recess, the 1 :u>t two jurors chosen being
Valentine Wnlz, a farmer of Lynn Brook,
and Eli:is Velsor, a carpenter of ir ort
District Attorney Youngs opened the
case ior the people in an address which
was*, for the most part, a repetition of his
-peech to the jury when the trial began
tvo week* ;i^o.
John Maguire, one of the boys who
found ihe first bundle of GuldeiiMirpe's
remains m the East River, was called as
tne first witness.
The testimony of the several witnesses
examined this afternoon related solely to
the finding of the different ponions of the
body, it was pracicallv the same aa that
-one over at the first trial, and nothing
new was elicited. Several o: Gulden-
BUppe'a fellow- workmen at the bathhouse
described the marks by which they had
identified the body as that of the missing
rubber, and at 4:50 the court adjourned
DETAILS FOR THE
BIG ARMOR PLANT
Plans for an Establishment to
Cost the Government
Process of Manufacture Will In
clude All the Latest in the Art
Special Dispatch to Thk Cam.
Cam. Offick. RteGß HorsE.J
Washington, Nov. '-'6 f
The naval board aprointed to examine
into the cost of armor- making will present
to Congress derails of a plant which it hai
nps^gned. It will cost more thui $3 000 -
000 and will have a capacity of HOOO tons vi
armor per annum, which is about tiie com
bined capacity of the two armor plant*
now supplying the navy.
The processes of manufacture will in
clude the very latest developments in the
art of metallurgy, and while tb J plans
contemplate the manufacture of Harvey
ized nickel steel armor, according to
methods used in the reforged process,
they will admit ofeasy adaptation to the
new secret Krupp jrccess of hardening
armor by the use of gas.
The plans are said to be perfect in every
detail and havine been diawn under one
of the leading experts of the country the
specitications are said 10 be so well de
tmei! tiiat no difficulty is expected to arise
in securing straight bids. Tne board has
prepared the form of advertisement call
ing for bias for erecting this plan', as
Congress desired that information, and
Secretary Long will soon issue the adver
tisement. It is the purpose to have aI of
the plans in the Secretary's hands by the
Ist oi neit month, and if the advertise
! nietit is prom pi ly sent out it is hoped that
! within three months at the latest Congre ■<
I will have before it full information as to the
cost of an armor plant ns well asoffeis
j from existing plants to sell out to the Gov
MRS. RUDD ADMITS GUILT.
But She Is Unable to Explain Why
She Stole the Articles of
NEW YORK, Nov. 23 — Emetine H.
Rudd, widow of Commodore Joan H.
Rudd, U. S. N., wa* arraigned in court at
New Brighton, S. 1., to-day, to answer to
the accusation of stealing a quantity of
jewelry from a house in ivliicu she hart
Doarded. Mrs. Rudd admitted that she
had inKi'ii the property, but said y'u*i
could not tell why she had done so. She
said she would make good the value oi
the property taken if the complainant
would not prosecute her. She was com
mitted for further examination to-mor
row. Mrs. Rudd i-< about 65 veitrs old
and dressed well. Her daughters are the
wires of Briti-h naval oilicers.
A I'oitnffirr />«» continue d.
"WASHINGTON, Nov. 23.— The Post
office at Francis, Trinity Couniy, Cal.,
Las been discontinued.
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