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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, November 27, 1897, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1897-11-27/ed-1/seq-1/

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BERLIN, Nov. 26.— A dispatch to the
Frankfort Zaitung from Rome reports
that a sanguinary conflict has taken place
between the French a::-i British at Nikki,
in the Ln.os hinterland.
LONDON, Nov. _o. — While the accuracy
of the Rome dispatch announcing that a
conflict has tafcpn place between French
and British troop* in the Lagos hinter
land is doubted the local morning papers
to-day point out the imminent dancer re
sulting from the proximity of the two
forces in the contested territory.
A conflict between the French and
British forces in the Lagos hinterland
has been anticipated tur some time past,
and both countries have been hurrying
troops into the disputed territory.
The trouble is of about thirty years'
standing. In 1870 France and Great Brit
ain opened negotiations for the settlement
of their respective frontiers in West
Africa, and it was decided, in substance,
(at French influence and authority
j bould be confined to the north of a cer
-1 am iine. and that Great Britain should
\ ■.aye i free hand south of this lint*.
Tne outbreak of the Franco- Prussian
war interrupted the negotiations. T. ere
was considerable opposition in both coun
tries 10 tbe cession of any territory, en 1
during the ne**t rive years --.--cutties fre
quently occurred. Finally it was resolved
to appoint commissioners to reconsider
the whole matter, and, as a result, in the
course of the next ten year- four separate
agreements were concluded.
Bui since these agreements were ar
rived at iurther difficulties bave arisen
owing to the failure of the boundary com
missioners of Great Britain aid Frsnce to
agree among themselves as to the frontier
lines. Since then both parties have
turned their attention to getting treaty
concessions from native chiefs. The
French have been aiming at the e-tabltsh-
ment of a great African empire and dis
patching expeditions to the hinterland of
Lasos and Carnotvilie to establish head
The British Niger Company, however,
getting wind of the* French plan**, dis
patched Captain Lngard to Nikki, the
capital of Pargua, for the purpose of ne
gotiating a treaty with the native ruler,
and 'be English oilicer was fortunate
enough to reach trior*- before a French
officer, Commandant de Cover, who was
bound for ths same place and with the
same intention, although the latter had
the start, and Lugard secured his treaty
an.l carried it away three weeks before De
•^> ?ur arrived at Nikki.
T Ihe French, however, seem to have
V.tosen to disregard this fact and have dis
patched armed expeditions not on y to
Ni_ki. but to Broussa, which has all along
been accredited to b* within the sphere of
British influence. To settle these and
other questions in dispute, commission
ers representing Great Britain and France
are now tardiiy beginning to deliberate in
Paris. K-fl
Later to-day a rumor was received at
the British Colonial Office to the effect
that there bad really been a collision be
tween the British and French forces at
Nikki, which is said to have been captured
by the I" re tie troops.
The cfficials of the Colonial Office, how
ever, regarded this report as highly im
probable, as, they explain, the British
police in the hinterland, who are in very
limited numbers, bad strict orders to
avoid any collision with the French. I;
is alo understood that the French forcer
had been intruded not to come into con
flict with the British. The British forces
in the hinterland, it is further stated, ate
being re-enforced considerably.
The Colonial Office late this evening
leceived a cable message from Lagos slat
ing that a rumor is current among the
natives there of a collision between 1 if)
British and French troops. The report,
ii is believed, will prove to be founded on
a conflict between the French and some
Trestles and Expeditions of the
French and Engrllsh In the Grab
/ for the Hinterland.
1 r.e partition of the African continent
1 '• fen the several nations of Western
-\ -''pc was agreed upon between them
selves by the treaty of Berlin in JBB4. The
actual .eiz. ire of coast land and the exten
sion of tin- sphere of influence or domina
tion over the Hinterland had begun long
before and been pushed with more of less
energy by each on?, especially England
anil France, until actual confet began to
aris** and some definition of the re
spective limits of the several claims bad
to be made.
As far as the coast line was concerned
the limits of the boundaries of each
claimant were d liniiely determined, but
The San Francisco Call
a lack of knowledge of the , physical con
formation of the country behind, or the
"hinterland," prevent-: any definite de
limitation, thereof. 0.1 _ general agree
ment was made in regard to "hinterland"
extension, and the settlement of definite
boundary lines was left 't- special agree
ment between the nations whose claims
adjoined. Soutu of the equator the lines
between- the holdings of the several
nations and also of the Congo Free State
have been long since settled, as have been
most of those to tho north, including the
lateral boundaries rutin. ng back for some
distance fr m the cast between the
British, Frencti and German possessions
on the Lower Niger and the Guinea coast,
as well us Liberia and the old Spanish
and Portuguese holdings further north.
The right of passpssion to the vast rich
country lying in the great bend of the
-Niger ami between that stream anil Lake
Tchad is, however, yet unsettled. Francs
and England assert claims that overlap
each other by thousands of square miles.
In 1.90, by a treaty between tho two
parties, provision was matte for limiting
tne southern extension of the Algeria
hinterland by a line extending from the
town of Say on the -die Ni-ter across
to Barawa on the west side of Lake Tchad.
The exact course of the line was lelt for
future determination, and iho claims now
made by the respective parties all are at
wide ana incieasing variance, though no
collision has as vet occurred between
them on this side of the river.
On the other side, the dispute has for
some time been quite serious, and was the
occasion ol the meeting lately in Paris of
commis-ioners of the two nations for the
purpose ol amicable settlement, which,
however, ha.- not been reached.
Claiming it a' properly belonging to j
the Senegal hinterland, the French have
gradually pushed in from that direction j
and taken possession of the country south
of the Niger as lar down as a line drawn
from Bou-sa on the Niger River south- '.
Wf-t to Carnotvilie, i.ear Saki, on the 1
eastern border of Dahomey. This i- a I
large extension of what they claimed at
the time o: the treaty of 1880, though the !
matter was not a subject of the treaty. i
At the conclusion thereof the French
Government semi-officially announced
throng li its organs and by the publication .
of Dai that tie western extension of
the Senegal hinterland would be limited '
by a line drawn south Irom Say to Carnot
Ibis declaration of claim limits the
English have quoted against the French,
at the same ime asserting their own
right, to the extension of the Lagos hinter
land as far to the north and west as a line
drawn from Say west and down to meet
the western boundary of Ashantee. en
tirely inclosing the Yuraan, Togoland
and., rench Dahomey, as the French had
inclosed and shut off from the Niger coun
try Sierra Leone, Gambia and the Portu
guese couutry on the west coast, by taking
and holding pos ession 01 tho territories
between Senegal and the Kong country.
The Franca have established fortified
posts at most of the important places
throughout the territory, whne the" Eng
lish have contented themselves with a
few exploring expeditions, such as Colonel
Lngard made- to N kki an 1 Itaim a
couple of ye. is ago, and to making some
informal treati-s with the rulers of those
places and others in the Bo rgu country.
£> . 3
£ Weather forecast for San Fran- 3
g Cisco: On Saturday, fresh west- o*
to eriy winds. ■-■—■-■-- 3
to » ; FIRST PAGE. ■ ' ' 3
g 1 French arm English Clash.-' 3
U 'The Bear Salts To* Day. 3
g he Marion Goes South. 3
£ , Death in a Ceil. ot
)o Oil Found at Kan Diego. 3
£ Austrian Statesmen P.ioters. 3
to Fight for a Boulevard. 3
g The Call's New Era Train. 3
Jo Destroys a Public Record. **"•
g String Up the Ciptain. 3
to Secretary Long's Report. 3
jo Thorn-*'* Defense an Alibi. 3
g Alger Moves for San Pedro. 3
jo Races on Eastern Tracks. 2
to News of the Water Front. 3
>o It Was Not B. anther. ||
g D.-atii of Cant. ,W. A. Phillips. 3
to More Durrani Litigation. ' 3
>° Editorial. 3
j,. Legal Non- Partisanism. 3
>o Heaping Coals oi Fir 3
g Press and Police in France. 3
U America Gait*.., Britain Loses. 3
g The Call Bulletins. 2
g The Andre Prison at Tappan. 3
Jo Pergonals and Queries. 2
C Adyancin. Colonization Work. 3
to War Over Oaklan 1 Milk. ' 3
g Phelan Criticizes the Hospital. °)
g Missing Man From New York! 3
g General Sporting News. 3
■*o Battle Creek Fish Hatchery,
jo Searching for Baden Suspect. 3
g Supervisors Object to Bonds ' 3
to Commercial News. 3
g News From Across the Bay. 3"
g Racing at Oakland Track. 3
v Births. Marriages, Deaths. 2 :
& Trinity Now is Rectorless. 3 [
Jo Testing New Car Fenders. 2"
g Jenks Found Guilty. 3
£ Bouts Barred at Ingleside. 3
As the Vessel Will Appear When She Starts Upon Her Long 1 Voyage to- the Frozen North.
"SEATTLE, Nov. 26.
"John D. Spreckels, Proprietor
The Call, San Francisco, CaL:
"In the annals of newspaper
generosity there may be instances
where greater liberality has been
extended, but in my experience I
know of no case that equals the
unselfish patriotism and bound
less generosity with which The
Call has furthered the humane
project to send a relief-ship to the
rescue of the unfortunate men cut
off by the ice floes of the Arctic
from the comforts of civilization.
"The first to agitate the sending
of a relief expedition to the far
north, and having succeeded in
inducing the Government to or-
der the Bear on this special cruise,
The Call has most generously ex
tended every possible aid that
might tend to expedite the
arrangements so as to insure
an early sailing and to further en
hance the success of an expedition
that at best is fraught with many
dangers by so liberally caring for
the material wants of the volun-
teers who are about to set out on
this project.
"The many acts of kindness,
courtesy and liberality that have
been extended by The Call
have been frequently and favora
bly commented upon hy the men
on the cutter who have been the
recipients of these favors. They
are most appreciative, and mar
vel at The Call's forethought in
equipping the officers and crew
with outfits complete to the minut
est detail and supplying the oifiers
with a high grade of provisions
and luxuries such as will tend to
strengthen ad fortify them for
the hardships to be endured.
"Upon the eve of the departure
of the United States revenue cut
ter Bear to the fro/ fields of the
north I cannot refrain from ex
tending upon behalf of myself and
men our most grateful apprecia
tion and public acknowledgement
of the unparalleled favors extend
ed by The Call. That our mission
will ultimately be successful we
have but little doubt, and' when
the 265 unfortunate whaling men
are rescued from the ravages of
starvation and mental suffering
and returned to their homes in a
land of sunshine and plenty truly
then will wives, mothers, daugh
ters and sons bless The Call for
SEATTLE, Nov. 25. — Outfits have been furnished by THE CALL to the following officers of
the Bear and members of the overland relief expedition:
Captain F. Tuttle. ,*'..'-.
First Lieutenants J, H. Brown and David H. Jarvis.
Second Lieutenants C. H. Cochrane, John C. Berry (THE CALL correspondent), B. H. Cam
den (Examiner correspondent), H. G. Hamlet (Chronicle correspondent), E. V. Bertholf (THE CALL
correspondent). . , ;
Chief Engineer H. W. Speer. •
First Assistant Engineer H. N. Wood (THE CALL photographer).
■ Second Assistant Engineers H. K. Spencer and J. I. Bryan.
Surgeons:- Dr. S. J. Call, Dr. E. H. Woodruffs (THE CALL'S surgeon).
Steward William Boundy.
Explorer F. Koltzschoff.
Each man was furnished with the following articles: Eskimo dogskin parkie and breeches, dog
skin boots, silk mitts, buckskin gloves, silk hoods, fur cap, half-dozen silk socks, half-dozen Arctic
socks, duck vest, two suits silk underwear, suit chamois-skin underwear. -
In addition, the members of the overland expedition : were supplied with sleeping blankets,
duck parkies, wolfskin robe, fieldglasses, rifle, knives and complete outfit.
A library of over 200 bound volumes and book and sheet music were also furnished for the
wardroom of the Bear. Extra provisions for the crew were furnished by THE CALL and shipped
from San Francisco. . The stores, including groceries, provisions, wines and cigars for the ward
room mess, were procured in Seattle.
The whole amounted in value, for which cash was paid to various firm*, to
K7009 78.
having instigated an expedition
that means so much to them.
-'Commanding the Bear."
SEATTLE, Nov. 26.— At 5 o'clock this
afternoon a great truckload of boxes and
barrels ot provisions drove on to the Ar
lington dock and was added to a big pile,
of other boxes and barrels heaped up in
Jr.nt of the b*rth where the revenue cut
ter Bear is lying. It was the last load of
supplies furnished by The Call for the
expedition that will start to-morrow for
the relief of the 265 men who are ice-bound
in the Arctic. j
To-morrow morning the supplies will
be swung into the hold of the staunch
little cutter, and by noon the start will be
made on the journey, on the success of
i which so many lives depend. Everything
i else is on board. The last of th* soft coal
I was stowed in the blinkers this afternoon
i and a carload of bard coal, for u-e in the
stoves on the Bear, was sacked and piled
between decks.
It will take several hoars to get all The
Call's supplies that are still on the dock:
on toard, and Captain Tuttle is in despair
of finding room to stow them away. But
he will manage it somehow, and then
lie crew will turn to and clean up the
decks ot the litter that is thickly strewn
over them now. .
By noon the lines will be , cast off and
the Bear will. turn her prow to the icy
north on her errand of mercy. A stop
will be made at Port Townsend to take on
board a few Government stores, but Cap
The Examiner contributed provisions to the amount of $1565 85. [
The Examiner Baseball club contributed goods to the amount of $1565 85. ;
tain Tuttle expects to start down the
Straits by 6 o'clock to-morrow night.
When the Bear begins her voyage she
will without a doubt be the best equipped
of any expedition ever dispatched to the
Arctic. Officers and men dwell en this,
and they ar* unanimous in: the opinion
that to The Call belongs the credit for
the expedition its«if and the unparalleled
equipment. They are aware that it was
The Call that first told of the perilous
si.uation of the crews of the eight whalers
frozen in off the northern coast of Alaska,
and called upon the Government to send
relief to them at once.
Then came the offer of The Call to fur
nish the outfit complete if the Govern
ment would furnish the ship. This was
due to the stttement from Washington
that the Government could not supply
the stores because of lack of funds.
The officers of the Bear know how well
The Call has fulfilled its agreement. It
has net supplied quite all the clothing, for
the vermilorm appendix of the New York
Journal, envious of The Call's efforts
undertook to care for the crew, after
first - making a futile effort to pass around
J The Chronicle contributed a let
* ter of instructions to the officer
* who is to look out for that journal's
* interests during the progress of the
* expedition.
tbe hat. It did succeed, "however, in pil
fering from a charity fund it held in trust
a few hundred dollars, on which, it at
tempted to build a reputation for philan
thropy. Witn these diverted proceeds in
hand the yellow sheet clapped poor Jack
on the back and told him ha would b*
sent to the Arctic as well prepared to
withstand the r.gors of the winter a3 his
superiors of the wardroom, and Jack, be
lieving in the lair promise of the Hearst
lings and true to bis improvident nature,
spent his pay for the sweets of life, with
the result that to-day, when handed his
outfit, he found himself on the eve of de
parture for the far north with but little

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