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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, November 28, 1897, Image 1

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i I OLUME LXXXII.-NO. 181.
HAWAII'S LAST STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM
STATESMEN
OPPOSED TO
ANNEXATION
Pettigrew and Dubois Cheer
the Hearts of the
Hawaiians.
SENATOR RICHARD F. PETTIGREW.
'.'ILO, Hawaii, Nov. 19.— : The visit of
fl:.a!or Pettjgrew of Bomb Dakota and
/ -^e::ntcr Dabois of Idabo has of
,rlte -en the subject of greatest interest,
'- n»oie M f c:-»!ly on account >! the fact
that both these well-known and influen
tial men have come oat fiat-footed again*!
the project of annexation. While Sena
tor te: : grew, for reasons patent to all,
has been more conservative than ex-Sena
tor Dubois in his remarks on tlie subject,
, still, what Hawaiians call his "raanao" is
t very c ear. Neither of the men has
spoken publicly ii this city, 'bat d:d so in
Hilo, the Rainy City, upon two different
occasions.
Shortly after arrival in Honolulu from
the Orient, Senator Pettigrew an 1 ex-
Senator Dobois took passage for Hilo on
the -te.-.mer K:usu, November 12.' F. S. .
I)o1pe o the Survey Department and
Colonel de La Vergne went along to see
that the two men were we taken care of.
Included in the party were also William
Churchill, ex-American Consul-General
to Apia, Samoa, and his wife.
It seems that the a:ui-ann€iationists
had a bie scheme on Land and as soon as
Mahukona was reached the telephone was
kept jingling in a most lively manner.
Every place within a radius of thirty
miles of Hilo was notified o; the presence
aboard the Kuiau of the "two hie men"
from the United States. When the
gteanrser reached HiJo, all arrangements
ha 1 been rsinde for a "Juan," or native
feast, upon the return of the party from
the volcano. The Kiuau landed her pas
. tensers, the trip to the abode of the
x co>». leas Pele was made and at 4 o'fl >ck
tliess afternoon, party, upon which
•lay afternoon, the party, upon which
\ii eyes were turned, arrived back in the
Kainy City.
That night the "laan" was held in
Waiakea, a suburb of Hilo. Besides the
members of the party, there «ere present
Messrs. C. E. Richardson, J. Campooll
and J. T. Stacker, representative men of
Hi!o, together with some fifty or more
native Hawaiian?. A blessing was asked
by Rev. Stephen L. Desna of the native
churcb, and the feast began. All but
Senator Pettigrew used their fingers. The
* latter spied some shrimps jumping in a
reckless mariner about his plate and used
a fork to crush out such un looked for
vitality a< well as to feed himself. The
Hawaiians enjoyed watching the "haoles"
dig into the poi bowl and then calmly be
smear their faces. However, the embar
rassment of tne initir.tory stages over, all
Went well.
fihe feoist over Mr. Churchill was called
on to give a Samo&n song, which he did
ruost gracefu y. his wife going through
tiic; movements of the Sa.noan hula, which
are made while seated on the floor. Next
came a speech in Sarnoan., wiiicii several
of the very old natives were able to un
derstand.
Just before breaking up ex- Senator
J-U.bois wa3 called on for a speech. In
answer he expressed gr-at pleasure at be
in i; able to meet with the native Ha
ii -.us socially and characterized this as
'he- most pleasant feature of his visit. He
!!>!<! been investigating the matter of an
nexation as it soloed in the islands and
'-.I found that the Hawaiians theni
»elves were not being given much of a
%?/''*• He had not yet been able to learn
l 1 thoughts of the Hawaiian^ in regard
tola.ufxation. How?ver, it was his sin- j
ce^ wish to tell all the Hawaiian! present, j
bis toru pan ions in a most pleasant even- j
ing, that, bo far as he understood public |
sentiment in the United Slates and, for
ther, in bo far as he was able :o direct that
public sei timeni. annexation of Hawaii
by the I niied States would never take
p ace. He regarded the Hawaiians in the
light of being entitled to make their own
, Government for the free and independent
ruling of tnemselvas. If they did so the
Hawaiian* would receive the moral sup
port of the United States in an effort of
The San Francisco Call
SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 28, 1897 -THIRTY-SIX PAGES.
? t-overnment of the Hawaiians, by the
1 Hawaiians and for the Hawaiians.
In weii-chosen Hawaiiau an old native
i expressed ;orm«liy iae thanks of the peo
ple present for the 'hough ;s expressed by
[ ex-Senator Diibois. They certainly were
iin occor.i with what had JQSt Deen
epoken.
Senator Petticrew was then callel uron
for a sreech. He took up the turead ( f
; argument where ex-Senator Dubois left
! ( ff. Tiie speech of ex-S-nator Dubois had
| been as great a pleasure to him as it I
' seemed to be to them. Dutiois had ex- !
' pressed the oninion thai a government cf I
' t c Hawaiians by the Hawaiians and for !
i the Hawaiians would receive the moral
support of the United Statps. He wished
:to say a few words in exnlanaiion of
: this. So far as l,e could see, all necessary
would te for tha United States to an
| nounce to the world in tne proper
j method that the Monroe doctrine was
lookeo. upon as extending to iho Ha
waiian Islands as an outlyer of the Ameri
can continent. Thn doctrine, since Us
promulgation by Monroe seventy odd
year- ago, h.id provea sufficient. In all
i that time not a man had been called into
i the lied, not a cutlass h^d been sharp
| ened to support it. As it hid been here
; tofore, it would be now. ih • doctrine
■ would be respected, and the Hawaiians
conld govern themselves according to
j their own sweet wiil.
After the usual expression of t hanks and
• hearty applause at the remarks of the
I man from South Dakota ex-American
: Consul Churchill made a short addrtss.
: After the words of the two Senators he
| cons dered it unbecoming fjr him to at
j tempt to speak, since the subject had beerr
iso completely covered. Just a fortnight
| previous he had met for the last time
j with his Samoan«. As all present were
j Polynesians h? wished to speak from that
i -tandpoint. In Samoa the Hawaiians
were regarded as the children of Samoa.
They knew when the Hawaiian! left them
i and sailed from the ancient Savaii to the
j present Hawaii. Thero had been a simi
iar matter to face in Samoa a few years
ago, when two of the great nations of
the earth attempted to destroy the Sa
moan Government by the Samoans. In
this case the natives appealed to the
j United Statei and the Government of
: America said to the other Governments,
j 'Thou shait not." That Polynesian peo
ple, the parent of the Hawaiian?, is gov
erned by its own K.ng and chiefs, :nd the
United States Government keeps us re»>
--| resentative there year in and year out to
, see that no one interferes. Mr. Churchi 1
| 8 ated that he was of the opinion that
j what the United States saw tit to do for a
! people to remo c and soj JittJe connected
Mie wo-.iid be all tin more willing to do
for a people so much more intimately con
nected. Mr. Churchill clos»d his remarks
I with an old Saaioan speech.
As a result o: the luaw a meeting of the
Hawaiians was caJed in Haili Church for
'.) \. m. the next day, or about three hours
j previous to tlie departure of the Kinaw
tor Honolulu. The church was crowded,
over 200 natives being present. Senator
Pettigrew and ex-Senator Dubois both ad
dressed the meeting.
Senator Pettigrew then spoke as follows:
"We came to your islands for the pur
pose of ascertaining what the people who
live to tins country thought nb >ut the
question of annexation of the island-, and
a!:o to see what we thought about the de
sirability of annexing these islands, if we
found the people wanted them annexed
on the part of the United Kiates. 1 have
tried to talk with every one who would
talk with us on both sites of this aues
t:O), and ascertain the views of your
people. Much misrepresentation has been '
made in the United States with regard to
how the native Hawaiian Joafce 1 upon
this question. I had supposed when I
came that many of your people were iv
THE HAWAIIAN COMMISSION.
favor of annexation, because it had been
so repre*ented. but I have talked witii
every one who would t«;k w:<h m« and I
hare f;iiie;l totind a native Hawaiian who
was no; opposed to annexation to the
United Stales, ar.d in favor of your own
Government. [Applause.]
"It will do you no jrocd for me to Talk
w:th you. U! course I think it may ao
you more good for you to talk to me.
That is what I came hera for. therefore it
is unnecessary for me to make a speec.'i.
I think you are ai! of one mini anyhow,
and I think you. should have a voice in
the matter of the government of these
is.ands; that is a matter of ju-«iire
priToTnrraimroTrffTroTmr^^
ji NEWS OF THE DAY. 3
£ Weather forecast for San Francisco: Fair on Sunday, with light, o<
£ • variable winds. 3
KIRS! PAGE. |
Hawaii's Fij»!it lor Freedom. ;
'SECOND PAGE.
Sloan Rides Four Winners.
Hawaii Puts Japan Off.
Seal Herds Dying Out.
THIRD PAGE,
lone Boys Tortured.
Spokane's Social Sensation.
Discriminating Tariff Row.
The Bear Has Sailed.
FOURTH PAGE.
Dreyfus Case Drags.
Germany Jealous of England.
Going Easy With Spain.
Austria's Riotous Statesmen.
SIXTH PAGE.
Editorial.
A Servant of the Yellow.
A Serious Situation.
Thirteen Carloads of Paner.
America's Responsibilities.
Conspiracy Expose I.
Pencil Studies of AlphonsoXlll
Personals.
SEVENTH PAGE.
Another Advance in Lumber.
Eddie Foy and a Mad man.
The Day in the Churches. '
EIGHTH PAGE. r
To Reach Klondike Easily. ■
Black JacK Captured, „
Try to Lynch a Citizen.
Thome's Story of Crime.
NINTH PAGE.
Money for San Pedro. j
Two Powers Grabbing Lind. |
San Jose's Queer Mayor.
Submarine Boat Goes.
TENTH PAGE.
News of the Water Front.
Footpads Again at Work.
Racing at Oakland Track.
Senator Parkins Talks. I
ELEVENTH PAGE. i
The Press on Annexation.
TWELFTH PAGE.
Miss Berry in Opera.
Queer Methods In School?.
Boots and Williams Make Up.
• Mr. Walk and His Friends.
Thomas Post Candidates. '
Jack O'Brien Suspected*
THIRTEENTH PAGE.
Debut of Miss Bishop. . 1
"I -hall tell what 1 have seen and what
I have heard in the Senate ot the United
Sates this winter when the question
comes up. I should rio that even I were
opposed to what you want uone, but I am
not opposed to it." [Great app'anse.]
Foliowing are the remarks of ex-Senator
Dubois:
"We are very much pleased to meet so
many nat:v n people, and this demonstra
tion, so early In the morning, is sufficient
testimony to any unbiased mind as to the
sentiment of these people. I can readily
understand how Americans who are
lovers of justice and patriots can come to
the Hawaiian Island', spend a month in
J Launching of the Maul,
Murder on tco Cuiter Rush.
FOURTEENTH PAGE.
Ghost Hoise at Richmond.
Baltimore Beats All-America.
FIFTEENTH PAGE.
Phelan Tells Two Stories.
News From Across the Bay.
SIXTEENTH PAGE.
Society Events.
SEVENTEENTH PAGE.
Novelties of Fashion.
EIGHTEENTH PAGE.
The Theaters.
NINETEENTH PAGE.
Fraternal Si cieties.
News ol the Mines.
TWENTY-SECOND PAGE.
Births. Marriages, Deaths.
T WEN T Y- T H LED PA G E.
Commercial Inielli ence.
T W EN TY- FOU RT B PAG E.
Oakland Milk Ordinance Jobs.
Prize-figiiters in Good Trim.
Dr. Hall in a Luxurious Cell.
Bennett Fights Extradition.
TWENTY- FIFTH PAGE.
Restoring California Missions.
Ihe Siege of Paris.
JWENTY- SIXTH PAGE.
Greatest of Human Monsters.
T WENTY-SE V ENTH PAG E.
Deed* Tnat Terrorized France.
TWENTY-EIGHTH PAGE.
Reminiscence of Lincoln.
1 WENT Y-N INTH PAGE.
Street Peddlers
Tale of Two Women.
THIRTIETH PAGE.
The Tower of Babel,
THIRTY-FIRST PAGE.
Uncie Sara's Veieraus.
Tne Piiblic Scnoois.
THIRTY- SECOND PAGE.
Decline of Btrl>ary Coast.
THIRTY-THIRD PAGE.
Book Reviews.
t;iikty-fourth page.
Boys' niid Girls' Page.
THIRTY FIFTH PAGE.
Personal". News Id General.
THIRTY-SIXTH PAGE.
i Local News.
I Honolulu, entertained by w.hite people,
i tnt-ine none except while people — 1 can
understand why they, being great men
and patriots, can co off to their own coun
try ana be in tavor of annexing these
I islands to th- United Slates. I can under
| stand how they can spend one day in
! Honolulu, be entertained at the club, to
; lunch, and driven around through the
j city by the ' fricials of this republic — this
I grand republic of yours — and then go away
j in favor of aniifxine these islands.
"Senator Pettigrew, who. by ihe wny,
! is very modest, but who will be your
i ereat champion in this fight, is a born
i investigator, and wanted to ascertain
! through personal observation what the
i feelintis of your people were on this
subject. In my judgment no fair man
who was not actuated by personal con
siderations of some kind could go
among the people of these islands and
then deliberately po back to the great
American people and to them: 'We.
a.ter acquiring our rights ot property in
thi-. beautiful land, now ask you to aid us
in taking them away from these people
against ihfir will.'
"You'may have been faulty in the admin
istration of your Government; you may
have committed many acts of injustice.
I think that if that is so that the last four
or five years will have had a chastening ef
fect udm you. I believe that you will
learn much from this experience; these
trials and tribulations jou have gone
through. So far as I am concerned, unless
I mistake human nature, you will be a
much better Government after this than
you were before; but whether you are or
not, this is your land, it belongs to you;
and so lons as you are fair, so long as you
treat those whom you have invited to
come among you with fairness, these
lands belong to you and you are respon
sible to your God an>l yourselves for tne
way in wh.ca you take cure of them. [Ap
plause.]
"The people of the United Siates are
fair and just. They are working out the
greatest problem cv r presented to civili
zation. They stand between Europa and
Asia.
"With this tremendous taskjwhich they
have imposed upon themselves, you can
easily see that the best thought, the best
energies, the host ability of all men who
are worthy to be American citizens must
be devoied to workins out the salvation
of our own country. They have very little
opportunity to study q<:es;ions wh ich do
not strictly concern them, and in con
sequence in regard to this matter, which
is vital to you, our people as a
rule are not informed at all. As
Senator Pettierew most truthfully re
marked, there is a very general im
pression throughout the United Stptes
that the Hawaiian people themselves
desired to become a portion of tne United
States. Ai I said, they are essentially a
fair and just peopie, and tliey are working
out tliis problem of Civilization; and in
my judgment when they understand what
the people here want, they will not turn
aside irom their great task to go 5000
miles to rob a kind and gentle and
humane people of their land. [Great ai>
plan *c. ]
'•We are glad to have had this oppor
tuniiy of meeting so many of you, and
our advice would be this, and this only:
Do all that you can to inform the people
of the United States ot what you your
selves want, then you can re t content
Continued on Second I'age
HAWAIIANS
TO BATTLE
FOR LIBERTY
Arrival of the Native Com
mission En Route for
Washington*
EX-SENATOR DUBOIS OF IDAHO.
Hawaii has sent four of her represents- i
tive men to plt-ad wuli the iJniied State
before annexation is consummate. These
men, forming a committee unique in ihe
history of modern nations, have arrived
in Snn Francisoo. On Monday they will
proceed to Washington.
The conimiuee consists of two full
blooded Hawaiians and two half-Hawaii- j
ans. The leader of the delegation is Mr. j
James K. Kaulia, the president of the I
Hawaiian Patriotic League. There ar?. |
| besides, Mr. David Ka.au Kalani, the
leader of the second Hawaiian society,
which differs only in it^ opinion on lecal j
S matters from the Patriotic League; Mr. \
i William AuM, who is the possessor of j
j coiibiiierab.'e property on lhe island of j
! Oahu, and Mr. John Richardson, a lawyer J
from the island of Maui, whose command
of English, as well as his ability as a law
| yer, makes him the spokesman of the
Darty.
Mr. Richardson and Mr. Kaulia were j
interviewed by The Call yesterday upon
their mission.
"We are going to Washington," said
Mr. Richardson, "with the hope of indue- j
ing the President and the Committee on
Foreign Relations to listen to our side of ;
the question. From documents in our
possession we think we can convince any
fair-minded man that the great majority !
of the natives of Hawaii are opposed to
annexation. If, from our show np, the j
United States is not assured of this fact,
we shail a^k that a vote be laken."
"A secret ballot?"
Mr. Richardson threw open his arms.
"It doesn't matter. Even if the Dallot
be open the very men who have refused
to sign our memorial will vote against an
nexation."
"Then some Hawaiians have refused to
sign the petition against annexation ?"'
Mr. Kaulia, who had sat listening I
quietly, his grave face and dark eves I
turned upon his more vivacious colleague,
spoke now.
"Nearly twenty-one thousand Hawau
ans have Signed the memorial we are
taking to Washington. The men, the
natives, who have refused to sign, tell U3
that it wouid him their business or
jaopardize their positions if their names
were a»ided to our petition. 13ut they are
with us In feeling, and as John— Mr.
Kiuharason— >ays, if it conns to a vote,
they will for.ci every o: her consideration,
and remember only that their country is
being taken from them."
"Your committee has bsen sent to
Washington by the Hawaiians."
"Yes, we four have been chosen to
speak for Hawaii," said Mr. R:char.lson.
'The natives have subscribed liberally to
the fund whicii pays our expenses.
Maui, the island of Maui, is the leader in
thi- 1 . At first the Hawaiians wouid not
believe that there w;is really danger of
annexation. Bui on Maui — Maui is a
unit on anti-annex.tiion sentiment — we
insisted that a dele-ation be sent. You
know the natives didn't believe it doss bie
that the United States would annex the
island?, knowing the opposition oi the
Hawaiian?. They wouldn't believe that
things could {.'O so far."
''And what is their opinion now?"
"Now they are thoroughly awak • to the
danger. But they are ho peful "
"The United States cannot," inter
rupted Mr. Kaulia, '"if it has any regard
for justice, annex ooru r country, after our
protest. We have come tti make known
how the natives fee! in tho matter. I
tried losee Senator Morgan when he was
in Honolulu. Twice I wrote asking him
when he could see me, when he could
listen to us— he had listened lons to the
annexationists— but I received no answer.
The natives are very bitter in their dis
like of him, for they know how deter
mined he is on annexation."
"But there is considerable opposition,"
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
said Mr. Richardson. "Senators Dußoisa
and Fittigrew, who came up on the same
steamer with n3, bay? spent ten days on
the islands. They see and admit the in
justico that would be done the Hawaiian-,
if ' their country ,were taken from them.
Senator Dii Boise says that he hasn't met
one native Hawaiian wno is in favor of
annexation, and he went as far as the
island of Hawaii. He didn't remain at
Honolulu."
"In ca^e, though, of annexation, what
will the Hawa Mans do?"
"There will b- trouble."
Mr. Richardson spok« very seriously.
"If the people of the United States take
Hawaii the natives will have to be kept
down by fore — as they are now.
"We hope to convince your Government
that the Government of the Islands was
overthrown by means of American
warships; that the present is not a repre
sentative Government, and that the Ha
waiians will never be reconciled to the loss
of nationality.
"The members of the administration
are doing everything in their power to
brills about annexation. If thy learn
that they are not likely to succeed" in this
way they will try another. They will do
as they did before — di clare that ilii-ir lives
and property ar- in danger and ask time
the American fl i-t 'be raised. And we
know, we Hawaiian?, that if tha - flag goes
up asain it will never tome down.
"But what will you do about it?" Mr.
Ricnardson was asked.
"We will tieht," he answerpd deterrnin
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