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Volume lxxxiii.-no. 1.
GOVERNMENT TO HELP THE KLONDIKE MINERS THREATENED BY FAMINE From Entile Jouveaux's "Travels and Adventures in Alaska." The Hudson Bay Company's Post on the Yukon at the Mouth of the Porcupine River as It Appeared in Summer at the Time of the Purchase of Alaska by the United States. This fort was founded in 1847 and was the most distant of all the Hudson Bay Company's posts. It was abandoned by them when it was shown that it was within the limits of the Territory of Alaska, but the buildings were lett standing. Several hundred tons of provisions were discharged here by the Hamilton and other steamers unable to proceed farther up the river, and over a thousand men are expected to come down from Dawson and winter there. Call Office, Riggs House, ) Washington, Nov. 30. The Cabinet to-day considered the sub- ject of sending relief lo the people in the Klondike. President McKinlev received « telegram from the Portland (Or.) Cham fjr of Commerce stating , that there was flanger of destitution and suffering on the t'TCukon and offering to supply the neces \ \ry food for relief, if ;r the; Government uhn'.d undertake its transportation. The information was not definite as to the actual conditions, but was on the same lines as that which has been telegraphed from the Northwest. The Cabinet con sidered every phase of the situation and discussed ways and means of affording re lief. It was decided that nothing could be done until Congress meets, when an ap propriation will be asked for the purpose of transporting food supplies. Although many plans have been discussed none has been decided upon. It is probable, how ever, that whatever action is t-^k.n will be under the direction of the War D part ment, and by the time Congress acts Sec retary Alger will have formulated plans. No attempt will be made to go up the Yukon, as the ice has closed progress in that direction. The relief supplies will have to be sent over the passes. Just how they will be transported is a question re quiring earnest consideration, and one that will require the study of many plans in order tbat an entirely feasible one may be evolved. Secretary Alger will gather all possible information and will communicate with persons who know . the route to the Klon dike and who are familiar with the trans portation methods in the Arctic and other frozen regions. Reindeer and dogs pos sibly may be used and there is also a sug gestion that the steam snow shovel, which h*s been successfully used in the deep l^now of log camps, may be used. Secre- ] tary Alger has confidence in it as a meaus of transportation. The members of the Cabinet were all in tensely interested in the matter cf send ing relief. Whether the men. who are I supposed^ to be suffering, went there against the repeated warnings of all offi- j cials or not is beyond the question, tbe simple fact being that they are there and need relief making it imperative upon the Government to extend aid if possible. No estimate has been made a- to the cost and none can be prepared now. Con press will be asked to appropriate a suf ficient amount, and the War Department will expend it in the most economical manner, as in the case of the Mississippi flood sufferers, when $200,000 was appro priated and only $75,000 expended. The task of getting supplies to the Klondike in midwinter is riot under estimated, and doubts are entertained as to its being a possibility. Dyea can be reached by steamer, but thence the j >ur ney is one of 700 miles over mountains and through deep rifts of soft, loose snow. The sun shines for only about live hours in twenty-four, and the . thermometer of;en goes down to 50 and (JO degrees be low zero. But it Is believed an expedi tion cannot reach the Klondike before February at the earliest, and the hope is expressed that there is a sufficient supply of food to last until they go. It is esti mated that there are 5000 p.ople in the gold country. A report recently stated that 150,000 h'-ad of liorses and cattle recently went to the Klondike from Dyea, but Comrais ?jr*Jiier Smith of Dyea has wired the Gov 't tn naent that such is not tne fact. He V that 10i).0 sheep started over the l-**-'». trail, mid that it is believed they replied the mines. Some time ago 300 sheep were sent down the Yukon, of which 200 may have reached the Kion diKe. Secretary Alger believes that Captain Riy has gon • to Dawson, and that he will make his way back and :eport upon conditions there. Nothing has been heard from him since lie left for the Yukon, but the Secretary expects advices from him almost any day. It is probable that the President will send a special message to Congress J The San Francisco Call OLD FORT YUKON. J asking an appropriation for the relief of I I the people in the Klondike, and it is be- j lieved prompt action will be taken and j I the money be made available immedi- j j ately. The following correspondence was laid I before the Cabinet: Portland Or.. Nov. 29, 1697. To the Hon. William McKinley, President 1 *j% the Unitei* Sales WAti i *§l ■■■: Over-. whelming evidence* te t. ying to the grave dangers wh.c i confronts the American miners on the Yukon and its tributaries, with the dreaded horrors of starvation when the present small stock of provisions I shall be exhausted, demands of us, as humane people blessed with abundance, that everything in our power shall be done to relieve the distress which is al most a certainty unless supplies of food can be transported to the imprisoned miners. With tbis object in view the Portland Chamber of Commerce has communicated with kindred organ za tions on the Pacific Coast and has ob- j tamed in almost every instance assur- j ances of hearty co-operation in furnishing ! supplies so soon as the Government shall i promise to transport the same to their \ destination and supervise their distribu tion. Private resources a c wholly made- j quate for the task involved. Out of our abundant storehouses the I people of the West are capable of furnish- j ing food supplies in quantities sufficient | to provide against the impending distress, ! but lack the means necessary to transport the same; and to provide for this we ap peal to the nation, through its chief ex ecutive and its representatives in Con gress, to the end that an expedition un der the management of officers of the army or navy be provided lor and in structed to make all possible haste in the accomplishment of the mission entrusted to them. Assurances thus far received warrant us in guaranteeing to the Govern ment that the people of the United States, and especially that v portion tributary to Portland, will supply all the food products which the Government wi 1 undertake to transport to the beleaguered miners; and we earnestly pray that your Excellency will heed our petition and lend to it your valuable support. With assurances of our most loyal consideration, we have the honor of subscribing ourselves, . The Portland hamper of Commerce. B.- W. S Mason, President. E. D. Oliphant, Secretary. War Department, ) Washington, Nov. 30. To Hon. W. S. Mason, President Chainlet of Commerce, Portland: Tie President di rects me to acknowledge the Tcce.pt of your telegram of the 29th inst., concern ing the starving miners on the Yukon, and to say that he lully sympathizes with j the expressions contained in your dis | patch, and hopes thai such raeansjas shall be necessary to afford the relief contem ; plated will be furnished at the earliest ; possible day. , R. A. Alger, Secretary oi War. Commissioner Smith's telegraphic re | port showed that no horses had gone be- I vend the American Jurisdiction of the hike?. The thousand head of sheep that '■ started over the Dyea trail in July, he wiied, undoubtedly, got through. There were 300 sheep shipped lrom the lakes down the Yukon on rafts in September. Two hundred beel cattle were started to the lakes of the Dyea trail and Skaguay trails. Of these Commissioner Smith re ports 10 per cent lost or consumed, the last seventy of which are butchered and frozen at the lakes, awaiting transporta tion to Dawson. The telegram 0 cautions the department against placing too much faith in the reports from Dyea. Other advices received to-day and placed before the President's official family re ported that a herd of reindeer with sup plies had been started from a point on the lower Yukon, about 800 miles from St. Michael, the herd reaching th* place by going across land from a point opposite the coast. The reindeer are carrying supplies up, and a number of people anxious to get down from ihe Klondike country will SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY MORNING/DECEMBER 1, 1897. Ibe brought back by this means. The herd will be used through the winter as far as | possible. William A. Kjsllman, superintendent of the Government reindeer herds in Alaska, has been here several days conferring with the authorities, and left to-night en route for Lapland. * He goes under instructions to engage a corpa of Lapps for service with r*>u:dc?i>in Alaska. - Mr.,. X jell man is an expert in the handling of reindeer, and his record in taking care of the Government herd in our own country since he came here for that purpose from Lapland makes him an authority on this phase of ti>e Alaskan problem. It is ordinarily diffi cult for a stranger to secure Lapps to leave for a foreign clime for such a purpose, but in visw of his influence among his people Secretary Bliss expects Mr. Kjellman's mission to be successful. Secretary Alger has written to the citi zens' Klondike committee at Washington regarding an order for a military reserva tion in Alaska. This committee wanted to know how persons seeking business lo cations on the reservation should proceed Continued on Second Page NEWS OF THE DAY- Weather forecast for San Fran cisco — Cloudy on Wednesday; probably log in the morning, with fresh westerly winds. FIRST PAGE. Government to Aid K'ondikers. , Austria's New Cabinet. i White May BteD Aside. ; SECOND PAGE. ; Hnyti B sists Germany. ■** i Eastern Turf War Brewing. ' Tommy Ryan Bests Stift. '• THIRD. PAGE. [ Thorn Confesses His Guilt. \ Mayor Koch Scared. i Los Angeles School Scandal. ' FOURTH PAGE. ' J Parricide Flannelly Arraigned. ' Cnetco's Murderous Feud. \ The Murder on the Rush. i Poverty Causes Suicide. ' FIFTH PAGE. < The Danger From L prosy. ' Actress Arrested tor Larceny. ' llottanzi as a Living Picture, i SIXTH PAGE. ', Editorial. The Situation at Dawson. , Senator Perkins on Hawaii. * ' The Corporation Conspiracy. , National Academy of Design. ' ' Personals and Queries. • \ SEVENTH PAGE. . ; An Aged Pickpocket. Tne Miners' Fair Assured. News of the Water Front. i Paulist Fathers Will Petition. ' EIGHTH PAGE. Fusillade Through a Door. Racing at Ingleside Track. The Bohemian Art Exhibition. < NINTH PAGE. | Oakland's Milk War .. Why Dr. Tubb May Go. | Liquor Under Bogus Labels. ' TENTH PAGE. ! Commercial Intelligence. \ ELEVENTH PAGE. News From Across the Bay. i School Children in Lockstep. [ TWELFTH PAGE. ' Wine-dealers' Dilemma. , THIRTEENTH PAGE. '. [ Births. Marriages, Deaths. . .' FOURTEENTH PAGE. ' The Big Fight a Draw. \ AUSTRIA'S NEW CABINET COMPLETED Statesmen Chosen to Lead the Nation Out of Its Difficulties. WHERE AUSTRIA'S FUTURE WILL BE DECIDED. VIENNA, Nov. 30.— The new Austrian i Cabinet, of whicn Baron Gautsch yon ' Frankenthurn is president, has been I completed. The assignment of portfolios ' is as follows: Baron Gautsch yon nikentliurn, Premier and Minister of tbe Interior. Count Wolsersheilb, Minister of Na tional Defense. .Dr. Yon Wittek, Minister of Railways. Count Yon Bailie!- Latour, Minister of Public Instruction. Herr Rehmbauck, Minister of Finance. ; Herr Koerber, Minister of Commerce. Dr. J. yon Ruber. Minister of Justice. Count Rylandt-Proidt, Minister of Agri culture, The Emperor's letter accepting the resignation of Count Badeni was un usually curt and merely announced his acceptance. It is said that Count Badeni fled from Vienna on Sunday. He lelt the ministerial palace by a side door and drove to a railway station, where he took an expiess train for hi* estate in Galicia. TROUBLES. IN AUSTRIA. In the Empire Are M n of Many D fferent Nationalities Who Have Nothing in Common. The riotous proceedings in the tower house of the Austrian Reichsrath must be considered as forerunners of much more serious and far-reaching developments. In order to comprehend matters thor oughly it becomes necessary to look upon the relations existing between the many different nationalities which haye nothing in common other than a government rep resented by a single personality. The four domineering races in Austria, the German, tho Magyar (Hungarian), the avic (Czech and Slavonic) and the Pol ish, have at all times .been very antago nistic to each other, and that a rupture did not occur long ago is mainly due to a combination of circumstances over which the different races had no control, as, for infante, the jealousy ot the grant pow er-, which required ■ strong stale just on that part of the Europe*" map occupied by Austria. Russia and France would not be pleased to see the German provinces or Austria in tne possession ol the Father land, to which they originally belonged, while Germany would be.opiosed to an annexation of Hungaria or even of Gali zien by Russia. Almost the only t ! o which has Kept the nationalities together during the last four decades is the personality of the present • Emperor, who is beloved and ven<*ratea ■ alike by all his people, who have stood b,* him in all his adversities. And hard y j ever has a potentate been more unfortu nate than Francis Joseph. Defeated in two great wars (1859 and 1566), he was compelled to make great sacrifices to in sure peace; his- favorite brother, the chivalrous Emperor Maximilian of Mex ico, was publicly exetuted at Queretaro; his onl'* -'son' 'and -heir, the late Crown Prince Rudolsh, committed suicide, if he was no: murdered, under compromising and disgraceful circumstances, and many other members of the large Archducal family have caused him much embarrass ment aud trouble.' The people of Austria have an almost filial regard for their Emperor, and have sincerely sympathized with him in all his sorrows. But the Emperor is now old, even more so in body than in years; and what is to ensue in the empire when he dies or when the passions of tt.e nationalities assume a more serious as pect, as is indicated at the present time? The heir-apparent is a sick man and is led entirely by influences not popu'ar in the State. lii case Francis Ferdinand should die, abdicate or be otherwise dis posed of. matters would be still worse, ior his brothers would then be next in succes sion, and these young fellows have always led such a disgraceful lite that they are despised by all mankind — even by their own families. There has been some talk ot reviving the pragmatic sanction, so thai Archduchess Elizabeth, the daughter of the late Crown Prince, could succeed to the throne; but there are almost unsur mounlable difficulties in the way, and even if it could be accomplished the people would not Le satisfied, for the times of Maria Theresia are past und a solution of the dilemma could not be found in such a proceeding. Advces just received from Austria lead us to suppose thai the ties between people an.l Government, as well as the ties which, though loosely, still to some ex tent exist between the different nation alities, are on the very point of being snapped asunder. Without attaching any undue importance to the boyish and scandalous scenes recently enacted in the Reichsrath, they mu*t still be considered as furnishing a good illustration of the feeling of the people. If only the mem bers of the Reichsrath would quarrel among themselves and call each other names not fit to be heard outside of the slums, no great harm would be done, but the trouble is that the antagonistic nation alities are promoting discord in all parts of the empire, and seem even more eager to cause a rupture than the representa tives they have sent to Vienna. Dunng tne last live weeks attacks of the Czechist students and mobs on Germans in Bohemia, Moravia and those parts of the Alpine provinces populated by Slavs have occurred almost every day. Secret societies are being. formed with alarming rapidity, the Jew-bailing in Upper and Lower Austria, in Sty ria and Connthia is resumed with unusual vigor, and the Anti-Semitic party, with the Schoenerer group (to which iho lately much but not favorably talked-of Dr. Wolff belongs), is becoming more powerful and aggressive than it ever wa 1 * before. The Czechs are intriguing with Russia and France against Austria, or at least against the German clement in the country, and the Hun garians will nave nothing to. do with either the Germans or the Slav* or the Poles. Mire threatening to the security of the empire is the tendency of the Ger man National parly, of the students and of many oi the turner and singing socie ties to make covert overtures in favor of the German empire whenever an oppor tunity presents itself. .':-';. I The most surprising and at the same time most alarming feature of all these affairs is that they are enacted by t^»e edu cated classes. ". Country people take part in them only in so far as they are led to it by agitators, while the mobs in the citie3 participate in tbem as they would in any thing that tended to satisfy their appetite for- riotous and disorderly conduct. So far the Government has been *ble to sup press all aggressions before they acquire considerable dimensions, a.id every tning is done to keep matters -* from be Continued on Second Page. SENATOR WHITE MOST PROBABLY TO STAND ASIDE He Will State His Position Positively Early in February* "I am not a rich man. On the contrary, lam just the reverse. I am' a man without wealth, and the question that arises is purely a personal one— far as my candidacy for re-election is concerned. Can 1 afford to continue to be a Senator when the calls that arc made upon mc in a monetary sense to sustain my family and bear absolutely the neces sary expenses of my household consume every dollar 1 receive from my salary and every other source of income that I have? Is it justice to my family, under these circumstances, for me to endeavor to con tinue to retain my seat as a . Senator from California'!"'— lion. Stephen M. White in an interview at Los Angeles. LOS ANGELES, Nov. 30.— United States Senator Stephen M. White left for Wash ington at 10:30 o'clock this morning. He departed over the Southern Pacific lim ited, and it is needless to add that be paid his fare and that of Mrs. White, who ac companied him. "Tbe memory of man runs not to the time," said the Senator before leaving, "when a man, be he high or low, suc ceeded in getting free transportation on the limited. So my kind friends can rest easy. I have no pass, asked for none and desired none." "Before leaving for the national cap ital will you make any declaration as to your intentions in reference to securing a re-election to the Senate?" was a question asked by a representative of The Call. "No, I cannot make a positive declara tion yet. It is a difficult question for me to answer, and it has perplexed me a great deal for some time. I have received countless letters and telegram* interro gating me on this point, and it has been a hard matter for me to answer them briefly and at the same time to explain just exactly the position I am placed in. "I appreciate the fact that a seat in the United States Senate is perhaps — in fact, it is undoubtedly — the highest honor that can be conferred upon a citizen. To be a Senator of the republic was- to me the acme of my ambition. I have realized it, and I have in no way been disappointed. "A seat in the Senate I have found to be all that I bad pictured uud painted it in my mind to be. I have not been dis appointed in the slightest particular. The Associations are pleasant and agree able to me. The work and the duties are to mv liking. ... "If 1 were a man of independent means all I would want or all I would ask would he a scat in the United States Senate. There is no higher honor that I would seek — absolutely none. "But lam not a rich man. On the con trary, lam just the reverse. I am a man without wealth, and the question that crises is purely a personal one as far as my candidacy for re-election is concerned. Can 1 afford to continue to be a Senator whdii the calls that are made upon me in a monetary sense to sustain my family md bear absolutely the necessary ex penses of my household consume every dollar I receive lrom my salary and every other source of income that I have. Is it justice to my family, under these circum stances, for me to endeavor to continue to retain my seat as a Senator from Cali fornia? "If 1 were suddenly to be called hence I wonld leave no provision for their future. There are in the- Senate many men of whom the' general public hear but little who perform a great service for their country, and whose labors and efforts will never be appreciated. On the contrary, as soon as they die they will pass hence and be forgotten. "There is Senator F. M. Cockrell of Missouri. He is a quiet, unoffending man, who seldom, if ever, makes a speech upon the floor, and the general public knows but little about, him. Yet he is undoubtedly one of the mainstays of the Senate. Senator Cockrell bas saved the taxpayers of this country millions of dol lars. ' Every bill introduced in the Senate appropriating money is referred to him. He reads st and examines it. He is on the Appropriations Committee, of which Sen ator Allison is ■ chairman. If. after exam ing the bill, Senator Cockrell pronounces the appropriation as ill-advised, Senator Allison accepts the dictum and it is all up witn the measure. Every day Senator Cockrell works in a com mil tee-room on these bills... He has three or four expert PRICE FIVE CENTS. bookkeepers with him all the time, and everything in the way of information as to appropriating public money is at his tongue's end or witnin command of if To this labor he has given his whole life, and the actual value of the service in a money sense to the country cannot be computed. We know that his vigilance has saved the country many thousands of dollars. "But the point I wanted to make is that although Senator Cockrell will un* aoubtediy be continued in his seat as long as he lives, still when he does go, he will leave absolutely nothing behind him for his family save a highly honorable This is indeed a sad contemplation. After having labored faithfully and rendered such important service to his country. Senator Cokerell will, when the last call comes, be compelled to pass beyond with out having the satisfaction of knowing that his family will be provided for, un less something unforeseen occurs. Who will provide for or care for those he leaves behind? That is a question no one can answer. •'There are other Senators situated simi larly to Senator Cockrell, whom I might name. "Now, my friends will understand the position I am placed in. I must decide soon and I will, for I owe it to my friends, both in and outside the Democratic party, to lei them know at an early date what my intentions are. In February, possibly before then, but any way not *itter than that date, I will make positive answer as to whether I am or am not a candidate for re-election. "There is no faction or leader of the Democracy of California with whom I am not on terms of friendship. With the leaders I am in accord and they have as sured me that if I am a candidate for re election they will aid to the best of their ability in securing the election of a Legis lature that will effect that result. In the rank-* of my party there is no opposition that I have heard of. Therefore all talk of combinations being formed in my in terest, both in and outside of the ranks of the Democracy, would strike the average man as idle chaff. "I have bsen assured by the wheel horses of the California Democracy that if I desire re-election they will favor the proposition. Inasmuch as all these gen tlemen have shown me so much consider ation it is no more than just that I should let them know whether or not I will be a candidate at as early a date as possible. This is the reason why I have selected February as the outside date for a positive declaration from me." "Do you think this will be a busy ses sion of Congress?" "Yes, it will. There will be a number of important questions coming up, but I do not care to discuss them. The people of the coast are wall acquainted with my views upon the public issues affecting them, either nearly or remotely, and they can rest assured that those opinions I have already voiced will be sustained by my vote and what little influence I have in the United States Senate." v "Should you retire from public life at the end of your present Senatorial term, would you locate in New York City? Such is your reported intention." 4, N0, sir; I would not locale anywhere outside of California. It will always be my place of residence. I may maintain an office in New York, but I will always be a citizen of the Golden State." KAISER OPENS THE REICHSTAG. The Navy He Wants Takes the Principal Place in His Speech. BERLIN, Nov. 30.— Emperor William opened the session of the Reichstag to day in person for the first time since 1894. The ceremony took place in the While Hail of the Royal Castle. His Majesty read the speech from the throne. The navy occupied the principal place in the speech. The passage on this subject fol lows: "The development of the German navy does not correspond with Germany's mission at sea, and in the event of warlike complications it would not suffice to as sure the security of the home ports and coasts against a blockade or more exten sive operations on the part of the enemy. Neither has it kept pace with the rapid growth of German trans-oceanic interests. While German trade is participating in creasingly in the world's change of mer chandise, the number of our war vessels does not suffice to afford our countrymen abroad the measure of protection corre sponding with Germany's position, nor the support which can only be secured by a display of power. Although it is not our object to vie with the maritime powers of the first rank, Germany must, never theless, be placed in a position to main tain, by means of preparedness at sea, her prestige among the people of the globe." l'ltilip E. J>r seller Head. YUBA CITY, Nov. 30 —Philip E. Dresscher, a pioneer of this State, died at his home near Nicolaus. this county, this morning. He was 78 years of age. Diesscberwas County Surveyor for many years and prominent in the politics of thia part of the State.