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VOLUME LXXXIII.-NO. 6.
GREAT BRITAIN'S WARLIKE PLANS IN THE NORTHWEST Increasing Her Naval Strength and Coast Defenses to Keep Pace With the United States, THE BRITISH CRUISER WARSPITE in the Stone Drydock at Esquimalt, the Largest Structure of the Kind on the Pacific Coast VICTORIA, B. C, Dec. 3.— With all the J rapidity po-sible without exciting sus- i picion Great Britain is increasing her j naval strength in these waters. Not that j she expects trouble with her American ! cousins — not at all. Ask any officer, civic or military, in her Majesty's *ervi.e in .his province and he will assure you that the relation- between the two cov.ntrie were never more friendly ; that a ruptnre is the last thins to be thought of. He will draw your attention to the arbitra tion treaty, to the ostentatious considera ;ion shown the United States diplomatic corp3 everywhere in the mother country and the similar attentions shown tne British representative at Wa-hin_'ton, and conclude with that dear old thread bare s-tatement about blood being thicker than water. But with all these friendly sentiment-, that officer knows that while the heads of the two Governments are hobnobbing with apparently never a thought that anything but the best of feeling can ever exist, away out here on tne northwest cor ner o! the continent, this almost forgot ten little offspring of the British lion is snarling menacingly at Us unsuspecting neighbors just across the straits of San Juan del Fuca, egged on by the parent. This snarling has not yet attracted any attention, but it cannot continue much longer without beiut; iiot:c v, and when once the attention o; the American Gov ernment is drawn to it there is certain to be a demand made for an explanation. The cause is not difficult of solution, aud in fact was candidly admitted by an officer of the British Columbia militia, which has charge of the fortifications in this vicinity, two days ago. England is aiarmed at the awakening of the United States to the necessity of pro tecting itself against possible foreign in vasion, and with each step the Americans take towar i self-defense Britain intends to take two. She professes to have no fe&r, but she does not intend to allow even her friends to plac3 themselves on j an equal footing if she can prevent it. Years before the United States made , any move toward guarding its western coast, plans for the protection of Vancou ver Island and the mainland of British Columbia were prepared. Successive | boards of army engineers were sent out! from England with instructions to revise j and improve upon the reports of their I piedecc-ors, until it was thoug it that a perfect system of defense bad been pre pared. This Included fortitications on McCauley Point, that separates the har- Lors oi Victoria and ]>quimait, and on tne west shore of the latter harbor sweep ing around Royal Koc Other batteries we be placed at points along the strai.* to Cape Beale, the southwesterly point of Vancouver Island, to prevent the landing of hostile forces and an attack from the rear. These plans were adopted about ten years ago and the ■w>rk of construction almost immediately I ■'cun. Esquimau is the British naval station on the Pacific. Here the largest drydock jii the coast is located. It is built of i-tone and is capable of holding the great est battle-ships. Its length to the gate is 450 feet on a level with the keel blocks. The width of the gales are 65 feet, while the depth oi water varies from 27 feet to -U H at the springs, according to the sea i-on of tbe year. That portion of the British Pacific iieet not on duty on the South American coast is usually rendez voused in the land-Jocked little harbor, and in consequence E-quimalt was the first to be iortilied. The San Francisco Call In former years a battery had been planted on the open bluff at Victoria, four miles from E"-quimalt, but tne guns had become obsolete and the location being •oo much exposed the battery was aban doned. McCauley Point was chosen for the ini tial work and on the extremity sweeping i the entrance to both harbors anil facing I the American shore, 27 m.les to the south, ! a battery of three 6-inch rifled guns, with an , effective range of ;>OOO to 4000 yards, wa- I planted. This completed, another battery oi two guns similar in every respect to the first was planted on Ito^i Hill, on the west side of Esquimau harbor. Bota batteries were mounted oi: disappearing carriages and comniande-l every inch of the ap proach to the naval station. In addition to these batteries the outer harbor »a< carefully charted for a system of torpedoes, and a large number of these deadly submarine mines wert» stored at the station with their anchors, ready to be ploced at an nour's notice. Not content witn these defense? a sur reptitious invasion of American waters was made and soundings taken and charts prepared of the inside passage be tween Vancouver Island and the main land as near to the American snore as it was dared to approach from the boundary line between Washington and British Columbia south toward Marrowstone j Point at the entrance to Port Townsend harbor, and then west along the straits to Cape Flattery. The>e soundings and charts are now in the possession of the British authorities ready for use incase of emergency. Shou d there be an out break between the two countries the Brit i ish could plant torpedoes well over on tne American side at short notice. With the completion of this work there was a cessation of preparations, her Majesty's war and naval leaders believing that it would be many years before the United States could i.ope to cope with such a complete system of defense. But while Uncle Sam paid little or no atten tion to shore batte-ies, he was putting up some marine engines of war that, when completed, brought the British to a sud den realization that their much-vaunted fortifications were of as little use a* though they had been demolished by an enemy. ■ j MAP OF VICTORIA AND ESQUIMAU HARBORS, Showing the Location of the Different Batteries, the Torpedo Surveys and the American Battery on Marrowstone Point SAN FRANCISCO, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 6, 1897. The completion of the coast-defense vessels Monterey and >fonadnock, with their 10 and 12 inch euns, capable of throwing shells from beyond the line of the inner system of torpedoes clear over McCanley Point to the naval station, caused the first feeling of unrest, but the British contented themselves with the I thought that the monitors were not capable of going to sea and would oniy serve to guard San Francisco haibor. When, however, not only one, but both, made the cruise to Puget Sound and proved tl.pmselves to be most excellent sea-going cratt, thi uneasiness deepened into alarm, whicn was by no means less ened when the great battle-ship Oregon was added to the American fleet in Pacific waters. But this was mereiy the beginning. Congress, in addition to providing for more shies for the Pacific fleet, thought it high time to offset th« British naval sta tion by establishing a similar station on Pnget Sound. It cast about for a suitable location, and finally selected Port Orchard, well within American territory ami far beyond any danger of attack. Here the initial step was taKen by the building of a big drydock, and plans were prepared for a fully equipped navy-yard. Before the full significance of tfci- move dawned upon the British authorities Con gress began an elnborate system of coast aefense. and in pursuance of this lasi plan decided to plant a powerful battery under the very muzzles of the guns at Esquimau. Marrowstone Point, at the entrance to Port Townsend harbor, was selected as the site for this battery, and a better choice could not have been made. Barely thirty miles from Victoria, this battery, when completed, will not only guard the entrance to the harbor, but will effectually block any attempt of a hostile fleet to get up the sound to the Port Orchard Navy-yard and levy tribute on the rich cities of Seattle and Tacoma. It also gaards the inside passage and the straits as well. Work has been begun on this fortifica tion and will be pushed to rapid comple tion. A battery of 12-inch rifled guns, mounted on disappearing carriages and manned by three companies of troops, will soon be in position, and will reduce British Columbia Irom the position of j INNER HARBOR AT ESQUIMALT, With the British Fleet on the Pacific Station Lying at Anchor Near the Drydock. mistress of the Great Northwest to second place. But England ia determined that her western province shall not be completely ai the mercy of the Americans, and, as it would take many years and immense NEWS OF THE DAY i Weather forecast for San Fran -1 cisco ClouAy Monday, probably I rain; southeasterly winds. ! FIRST PAGE. I England's Northwest Strength. I SECOND PAGE. ' Epidemics of the Year. I Pro-Cuban Policy Backed tTp. » Corbett and Filz May Fight. I Try to Blackmail a Millionaire. I THIRD PAGE. » McK>nna to .Be Nominated. ' Congress Ready to Meet. > ComptroU r Eckels Reports. * Mother MrKinley'a State. i FOURTH PAGE. > Leprosy Spreading Here. * Death of Judge Ryland. I Russia's Power in the Orient. > Vessels in Heavy Gales. I FIFTH PAGE. I Yorke on th* King's Hiehway. > Baseball Happenings. I SIXTH PAGE. I Editorial. > Congress and Business. ' Unsettled, but Favorable. I The Letter-Carriers' Bill. ' The Pure-Food Crusade. , Germany and Hayti. > 1 he Coast Press. ' News of Foreign Navies. , R cord-Brenk at the Mint. > Personal*:. Queries. ! SEVENTH PAGE. , Elks' Lodge of Sorrow. > Turner's Lots or Many Owners. ! EIGHTH PAGE. \ Paull«t Fathers Fight Vice. i jurors Saw a Wide-Open Town. * News of the Water Front. » NINTH PAGE. > News From Across the Bay. I TENTH PAGE. 1 Notes of the National Guard. « ELEVENTH PAGE, i Births, Marriages, Deaths. I TWELFTH PAGE. ' PickpocKets Attend Church. \ Ordination at Greek Church, i Footpads at Work Again. outlay to remodel the fortifications she i thought were impregnable, >-be is doing now what the Americans aid in the be ginning — strengthening her naval fleet Hitherto one modern vessel for the flag ship and a few ships that were of little or no effectiveness were considered suffi cient for the British Meet on the Pacific station; but be ore long Rear- Admiral Henry 8u B. B. Palliser, the commander of the fleet, will have a powerful squad ron of large and small vessels under bis command. At present he has the Imperi«>use, a first-class twin-screw armored cruiser of 84'X> tons register end carrying fourteen guns, which is his flagship. She is at present lying at Vancouver, but i« ex pected at Esquimalt any day. Beside-, there is the Amphion, a second-class twin screw cruiser of 4300 tons register and carrying ten guns, and the steel torpedo boats Nos. 39 and 40, that are honsed-in at K-> r.nin alt hut ready for instant service. Built for great speed, these little craft are capable of inflicting fearful damage to a host.le fleet. \Vm.e these are all the ship* actually here, heavy re-enforcements are on the way, and may drop anchor in the harbor any day. These vessels are the Leander and Phaeton, sister ships to the Amphioii in every respect; the Pheasant, a first class screw gunboat of 755 tons, and the Sparrowha<vk and Virs.o, twin-screw torpedo-boat destroyers, making in all a most formidable fleet. Several 9-inch rifled guns, with a range of four and a half miles, have recently been delivered at the E-qu;malt naval station, and it is purposed to replace the 6-inch guns mounted at McCauley Point and Rod Hill with these in the near tuture. The two shore batteries are in charge of sixty men of the Royal Marine Artillery and forty men of the Royal Engineers. They are drilling the provincial militia in the u^e of ibe:-e suns, and in case of emergency the latter would be called upon for service. The two fortifications are most jeal ously guarded and no civilian is allowed to approach anywhere near. A heavy barbe m ire fence entirely surrounds both batteries, and within the inclosure a line ot sentries stand guard day and nignt with loaded rifles to keep trespassers away. Such a thing as a camera is not toler ated within gunshot of either pott. Even ai the naval station the utmost care is manifested that no objectionable person enters the grounds. At the gate one i? met by a jaunty sentry, wbo, upon near ing request for permission to visit the grounds, disappears in tne barracks and soon returns with a register in which the visitor must write hit name and address. Another marine is summoned, and taKing the visitor in charge conduct> htm to the quarters of the commanding officer, where the register is inspected and permission to go through the station Is granted or denied. If granted, the visitor is con ducted by the marine around the place, but is never for an instant left to himself, and any attempt to mage a note of what he 'ees or hears means his instant .expul sion from the grounds. Not until he passes through the outer gate is tne vis itor left to himself. And when .one has made a tour of the station be has seen but little, not a tenth of the interesting things to be seen at Mare Island Navy-yard. A few low brick structures, which he is told are the maga zines and where the sub-marine torpedoes are stored, the officers' and men's quar ters, a number of guns of assorted caliber, a small wharf projecting into one of the loveliest little bodies of water to be found anywhere and the great stone drydock are the main attractions. Esquimait consists of two harbors, the outer and inner. The outer harbor is commonly called Royal Roads and is little bet'er than an open roadstead, but lying close up under the high shore of the island is sheltered from the wesi and north winds. The inner harbor is reached by a narrow passage between McCauley Point and Rod Hill, and, though small, is deep and af fords perfect shelter for a largo fleet of ships, which from present indications Great Britain seems determined to have stationed here within a brief period. For while the United States is serenely pro tecting its coast from a long-standing menace, its neighbor, chagrined at not being permitted to oe alone in making warlike preparations, displays its fang 9 and growls an idle threat winch it knowe will be of no avail. FOR COAST DEFENSES. Leadlnsr Congressmen Who Favor C~mp!etion of the Work of Erect ing Needed Fortifications. NEW YORK Dec. a— The Washing ton correspondent of t tie Herald tele graphs: The liberality heretofore shown by Congress in providing for the navy ana coast defense will probably be lacking during the coming session. Members of both houses with whom I have talked be lieve the increase of the navy will be lim ited to one battlß-ship and a few torpedo boats, and some, in view of the armor controversy, think even a battle-ship will not be authorized. Leading members of the House believe the expenditures for coast defenses should be reduced on the ground that the receipts from' the Ding ley law will not permit of large appro priations. There is no doubt that two regiments will be added to the artillery arm of the military service, and it is generally con ceded that 1000 enlisted men at least will be added to the navy. It is not likely that all of the docks recommended by Secretary Long will be authorized. It seems improbable also that an armor plant will be established. Senator Hale of Maine, chairman of the Senate Committee on Naval Affairs, said to-day: "The armor jiate contro versy will have a discouraging effect upon appropriations for the increase of the navy. We must effect a settlement of that question during the coming ses sion and appropriate sufficient money to procure armor for the battleship! Ala bama, Wisconsin and Illinois, now under construction. Treasury receipts are low, and this, of course, will tend to cause Congress to make comparatively small appropriations 'or new naval structures. 1 think we will authorize one more battle shiD and several torpedo-boats and tor pedo-boat destroyers." Senator Chandler, a Republican mem ber of the Senate, said: "I am not foi building any more baitleships until we can buy armor at reasonable cost. 1 am opposed to the establishment of a Govern ment plant, out I will strenuously fight any proposition to give the armor com panies an unreasonable price. Our battle ship building has come to an end. We need torpedo-boats and there should be liberal appropriations for ordnance, in cluding guns for the steamers Ql the PRICE FIVE CENTS. American line. I :avor liberal appropria tions for coast defenses." Representative Cannon of Illinois, chairman of the Appropriation-* Com mittee of the House, sail: "Wherever there are great blocks of population on the coast, and in the event of war black mail could be levied, protection has been or will be provided. Thi9 can be done without very great additional expendi ture." Senator Haw'.ey, chairman ol the Sen ate Military Committee, said: "A liberal appropriation must be made for coast de lenses. I think $5,000,000 for engineering work will be appropriated, and adequate appropriation for the building of Rima ba made. In addition, some 160 artillery men are absolutely needed to take care of the uieu-power guns now being erected." Senator Mcßride of Oregon said: "In my judgment tue policy for providing for coast defenses should be continued. I believe it would be a wise policy to au thorize contracts ana make appropria tions sufficient to complete the entire :»ys tern of coast defenses hitherto projected, and to authorize the President, m His dis cretion, to cause work to be done as rat idly as he sna.l deem necet-sary." MABTUL LAW EXTENDED. Besides the City of Bio Janeiro It /Vow Covers Three States of Brazil. Copyright, 1897, by Jamea Gordon Bennett. BUENOS AYRES Dec. s— ln view of the present distuibed condition, says the Herald correspondent in Rij Janeiro, Brazil, the order of martial law, which was intended only for the city oi Rio Janeiro, Mas b^en extended and now em braces the states oi Rio Janeiro, Parana and Sao I'aulo. President Moraes has signed the decree authorizing an internal loan. NEW Ifi-DAX. __/T\ _^ Disease is like a quick- ~/x^3^LJ~ sand; you sink into it a y***-. J little at a time. It seems sp' a small matter at first ; Vg^^^«y> you don't think there is* Z^\f^ anything serious - f^S ~~ about it until it (Sk u i-t. Is has you aro - and » •— weakness and -j3L- •weariness, oc- casional head- aches or backaches, you don't feel quite up to the mark. Pretty soon you begin to lose flesh, your appetite gives out. Then before you know it, your lungs are affected. " Don't wait for that. As soon as you feel that you are not quite up to the "correct pitch" put yourself into con- dition again with Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. There is nothing like it to build up the constitution and quickly restore energy and good, hard healthy flesh. ■It makes new blood rapidly. It clears the unhealthy blood out of the circulation. It makes fresh tissue. There's no blood disease it won't help. Taken in time it even cures con- sumption. J. W. Jordan, Esq., of Corbin, Whitley Co Kv writes: About two and a half years ago when I was at Flat Lick. Ky., I was taken with severe pains in chest, after which I began to spit up blood and was also troubled with night-sweats I was so short winded that I could hardly walk half a mile. at once, and if I got the least bit wearied I would have an attack of phthisic (as- tnmai and almost die. I concluded to try Dr R V. Pierce, and I related my case to him. He wrote me that I should take his ' Golden Medical Discovery.' i did so and I have improved both in strength and in weight. I have not had the phthisic, nor spit any blood since last spring.", -%-eFOR CONSTIPATION,©-^ no remedy in the world is equal to Dr Pierce's Pleasant Pellets, which act natl urally and mildly, but never fail to effect a complete and permanent cure. There is no substitute for these "Pellets," no matter what any druggist may say They regulate and invigorate the Stomach i I<iver and Bowels,