OCR Interpretation

The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 16, 1898, Image 29

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1898-01-16/ed-1/seq-29/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 29

AT last science has awakened
need of a more m
and li
disposing of the dead th
burial in the ground. F
the question of this di
of humanity's mortal remains has at
tracted the attention 1 of learned men of
all countries, but without a bo
any more I iry than cremation.
Now, however, a body of scientists
have invented a plan that, it is
claimed, will dissipate much of the
gloom of death and abolish the bar
baric custom of interment. They pro
pose to build huge mausoleums in the
suburban districts of New York that
will, be "homes for the dead" — build
ings fashioned after the pattern of
great palaces, and as artistically and
commodiously arranged inside as any
library. To these sumptuous quarters
the future dead of New York will be
taken and placed in handsome private
rooms, where they will be subjected
to a simple yet effective process that
will preserve or "mummify" them for
all time to come. Years after a per
son is dead his or her friends may
drive up to the magnificent building,
through it.« flowered lawns, and by
simp!;, entering one of Its scores of pri
vate apartments gaze upon the life
like form and features of the departed,
whose remains lie there as if in sleep.
Reese Carpenter, an official of a large
nearby cemetery, pronounces the new
method an admirable one. He says
that by it the bodies of the dead can
be preserved intact for an Indefinite
period of time — forever if desired —
that it will take from future funerals
and last ceremonies all their most har
rowing features, and will enable rela
tives and friends to participate in the
rites without detriment to their own
health, as is now so often the case. It
will make it impossible, he says, for a
person to be buried alive.
When a body is taken to the pro
posed mausoleum it will Immediately
IF you wish t<-> see a group of pretty,
vivacious, intelligent and thoroughly
Independent nineteenth century
maidens, of a true American type,
Just stop long enough at Cape May.
New Jersey, to catch a glimpse of
the Bachelor Maids' Club, an associa
tion of twelve charming marriageable
young women, who have banded to
gether to protect themselves from the
wiles of unworthy members of the other
The members of the club are the
Misses Lillian Miller, . Marion Hand.
Harriet Hall, Louisa Bush, Edna
Bailey, Beble Uoak, Emma Ewing, Lot
tie Hughes, Ethel Kennedy, Louisa
Whitney, Louisa Miller and Florence
Whitney. The organization has only
three officers — Miss Lillian Miller, pres
ident; Miss Marlon Hand, vice-presi
dent, and Miss Harriet Hall, secretary
and treasurer.
While the duties of the president are
somewhat exacting, in consequence of
the grave responsibilities imposed upon
her, the functions of the treasurer are
not especially burdensome. The presi
dent ia supposed to know the inward
life and yearning of each member of
the fraternity, and to give kindly ad
vfee in all matters affecting the dig
nity, character and loyalty of the or
The perpetuation of celibacy Is not
contemplated, as every member is in
favor of marriage, but it must be a
marrlntre of the idea! standard Bet by
the club. Accordingly the twelve young
m«n somewhere In "this broad world
who would willingly marry these
twelve winsome misses must throw
away their vices and prepare them-
Belves to answer some questions like
Do you drink, or smoke, or chew, or
wear a silk hat in summer with a blue
serge *uit, or lie in bed in the morn-
Ing while your father shovels coal into
the heater, or give expression to wicked
words when y<ni strike your thumb
with a hammer?
Do you earn enough to support a
wife? Can you see a flower store with
out being directed to it. Do you write
lov* letters with a p«n<-il? How many
cousins of the feminine gender have
you. What becomes of your temper
when you lose your collar "button ? Do
you ride a iast year's wheel? Are you
fond of ice cream and soda water and
poetry? Above all, do you sympathize
with the members of the Bachelor
Maids' Club in their efforts to promote
happy marriages?
Should these queßtlonß be answered
satisfactorily the ideal man may get
the number of votee necessary to make
him happy for the balajice of his life.
be placed in a specially prepared sep
ulchre, made ready to receive it This
sepulchre is a little larger than an or
dinary coffin, and the body is placed
in It prone. At the head of the sepul
chre is a small hole to which is at
tached a tube, through which by
means of a fan wheel a current of dry
chemicalized air is gently driven over
the remains, escaping through a sim
ilar hole near the feet. Prior to enter
ing the sepulchre the air passes
through an i pen vat of sulphuric acid.
The chemical action of the acid upon
the air removes all moisture from it.
After leaving the coffin or sepulchre
the air passes through a hot furnace
and returns to the outer world through
a tall chimney. The furnace kills any
infectious germs which the air might
have .aught up in passing through the
coffin. The body is subjected to the
dry air process for thirty days. Then
the current is stopped, the tubes are
removed and the body is in a state of
preservation in which, it is claimed, it
will remain for centuries. The features
do not alter in the least, nor does the
skin discolor. The latter, it la said, at
tains a white, marble!;: appearance,
and the flesh becomes hard and firm.
While the process reduces the weight
of the body, it does not seem to re
duce its bulk.
The first experiments v.N-re
upon the bodies of animals. In th
of even a pig, despite the thl
its cuticle, the ■ ■ „,-,,.
cess i
tion <-f r? • [ n niri"
- Ihe pig UilJ
from twenty-two poundi I
a half pounds, although it remained to
all outside appearances as plum] I
rotund ris at first. This -
particularly interesting ■ n account
of the dissection that followed th'
pletion of the process. The effect of
desiccation upon the tissues were as
certained; Interstices were left where
the fatty matter had been, and the dry-
Ing of the muscular and fibrous tissues
had changed the interior of the sub
ject to a cellular and sponeelike struc
It tak*-s a brave young fellow, howev
er, to face th<> three i petty
the club, and unless he b> j well - ■
in diplomacy he i? likely to Care the
for tho encounter.
.As yet no constitution or bylaw? have
been adopted, but the inflexible rules
prevailing make it obligatory upon the
live bridegroom to
go undpr probation for one year. At
be to to appear be
fore a board of examiners, consisting
of s< • bers, exclusive of th-- one
whose hand he is seeking, to undergo
Standing in a Lonely Place in the Wilds of Thibet It Has Been Guarded for Six Hundred Years by the
Descendants of the King.
SOME six hundred miles west of
Peking, the Tartar capital of the
Chinese empire, under the great
bend of the Hoang Ho, or Yellow
River, in the country of the Ordos. ;
a strange people hitherto but little j
known, stands the tomb of the once j
mighty Mongol conqueror, Ghengis
The spot was visited some months
ago by the famous French explorer, M.
Banin, in the course of his remarkable
Journey from Tonking across the up
per valleys of the Yangtse Kiang and
Hoang Ho to Aurga, in Southeastern
Experiments wre then tried
m bodies, with the same satisfac
f these b<
•t a man who weighed 164 pounds'
ned continually for a ■
months after having b
I I- the treatment, and •
of that time the ski- lored
in the slightest, it was as white
• although dry nnd : when
touched had a feeling somewhat
•r. The face and features u-r.
as p-rfect as when the man died.
Prom this and other tests scientists
claim that dislocation by this method
will preserve a body from all ti
another rigid examination as to his
purposes and ambitions in life. if he
passes this trying ordeal he has no
further trouble to- fear.
It frequently happens that the care
fully groomed and industrious young
men of the wave swept city are asked
to attend informal receptions and
musicales, and the promptness with
which they pen a reply to the daintily
perfumed card of invitation is sufficient
evidence in itself of the high esteem
in which the Bachelor Maids' Club is
Siberia. Besides traveling over more
than 1000 miles <>f entirely new r
through regions heretofore almost un
ki!<>\vn to the outside world, If. Banin
WAS ;ili!<.- to achieve the distinction <if
belnp the first European ever received
by the Ordos and allowed to visit the
■acred spot where rest the remains of
the great Tartar chieftain.
The place Is calied "Etjin Karo,"
"The Palace of the Lord." and lies
about eighty miles south of the city
of Khoukou Khoto, on the Hoang Ho,
down the valley of which the explorer's
route laid.
decomposition and transform it into a
condition in which it will main an in
definite length of time. In this climate
moisture is not regained in sufficient
quantity to reinaugurate decay.
The architectural design of the pro
posed mausoleum is very elaborate. The
building is to be surrounded by lawns
and Sower bordered drives, and If the
intentions of the men who are to erect
it are carried out it will, to a visitor,
appear very much like one of our great
public museums or libraries. Nowhere
will there be any semblance of mourn
ing or anything to Indicate the pres
ence of death. t
It was foreign to the purpose of the
dub t>- attract the an- ntion of Lhi
■ide world when II a Its
eventful career at th ■ • gum
much pul
uiv»-n to its unique methods th;.
evi i-y mall brings n letter bub
bling ov< r with lo' of its
■ ; of it la
me from entire
strangers, who naively . that
they are waiting to marry fust such
girts ;is the Ba< helor Maidit.
of men, who.
The Ordos arc a strange people,
transplanted by an accident, as it
were, from another land to a place not
of their* own choosing. They are the
• ndants of the Tartar hordes
whom Ohengis Khan was leading
i from the wilds of Mongolia to the as
sault of the Creat Wall of China, when
h<- was assassinated at th" instigation
of his third wife, "Ragha Etjin," "The
little Sultana."
Here at "Etjin Karo," where he died,
I far from his seat of power at Samar
! cand, his remains were placed in 1227,
j under the care ot his Immediate fol
lowers, the soldiers of his body guard.
On entering the great building the
visitor will And himself in ;i beautifully
hall, not unlike the main
halls .. hot"ls. The walls will
be frescoed, not with with scenes of
sorrow or images recalling unpleasant
• with bright, rich and de
and at the end of the
hall wil ■ a spacious and beautifully
arrai rvatory. ( >n either side
of the hall doors will open into ;
tion and retiring rooms, and elevators,
as in a modern hotel, will take visitors
to the Boon above." Here, as well as
on the mai:i floors, doors will open into
private rooms, and in these rooms the
priding themselves upon their good
looks, the photographers' art
sisi them In th.ir mute eloquence.
Photographs come from everywhere,
from Maine to Texas, but, like th
ters, they an 1 consigned to the tiames.
Miss Marion Hand, th vice-president,
received son.,, days ago a loving epis
tle from a self-styled young farmer in
far-away Oregon, who begged \"
iy for her He was profuse in
his indorsement of the principles of the
md prayed that permission might
!■•• grant) 1 to Miss Hand to answer his
To this day the descendants of his
body guard keep constant watch over
the tomb, ever expecting his awaken
ing to a new and grander career of
conquest, as predicted by the Mongol
Under a huge canopy or tent of white
felt rests Urn coffin of pure silver con
taining all that remains of the "Great
Khar.." BeaMe it la his saddle of gold,
his two-bladed sword and his bow with
his arrows, planted feather up in the
ground. The Ordos revere him as a
god, and recognize no other. Their
chief, the King of Djoungar, Is his
thirty-seventh and last direct male de
scendant. He lives with his five wives
"mummified" remains will be found in
To render premature burial — or, more
properly, premature desiccation — lm
ble, as Boon as a body is placed
in the sepulcher an electrical apparatus
is adjusted to it, so that the slightest
movement of limb or muscle will start
an alarm in the chief watcher's room
and also in the office, which will con
tinue ringing for hours or until the
body is visited. A specially devised in
dicator will direct the attention of the
dlan to the particular sepulcher
In which the movement has taken
place. In addition to this a custodian
communication. Thus far the club has
refused to vote up<">n the question, and
th.> probabilities are that the lovesick
farmer w!!1 be denied the realization of
his supplication.
CHICAGO, Jan. 16.— The coming mar-
Miss Minnie Olson, presitU-nt
of the Anti-Marrlacr? Chip' Vlub of Ev T
anston, will break up the club. It was
formed three months at,'" by ten popu
lar society girls of the suburb, who had
and his niece, the nearest to him in the
line of descent, in a wonderful palace
built of bricks that wore trans-,
on the backs of camels across the wide
In this loneiy place far out in the
desert from where any people would
choose an abiding place these people
have lived for nearly seven hundred
yeirs, generation after generation,
with no other object than to guard the
slumbers of him whose career was, as
they believe, but interrupted for a
time, expecting him to arise and again
lead them on and finish the great work
he began in directing the destiny of the
nations of the world.
will regularly visit each sepulchre.
The entire cost of desiccating a body
and giving it a permanent resting place
in this masoleum will be but $70. Pri
vate rooms will, of course, cost more,
just as do suites of rooms in a hotel,
and the rich man who desires such an
expensive apartment for the sepulcher
of himself and his entire family will be
charged accordingly, and he may lav
ish as much money for decoration and
rearrangement as he desires.
The estimated cost of the first mau
soleum to be built is somewhat over
$300,000, exclusive of land, and it will
accommodate 15,000 bodies.
grown weary of the society of the
sterner sex.
Articles of confederation were drawn
up forbidding any of the members to
marry within five years. There were
eight charter members, and Miss Olson
was the leading spirit in drafting the
bylaws and bringing about a perma
nent organization. The other members
of the club say the ideals of the club
will now be scoffed at to such an ex
tent that it will go to pieces.
The "coming-out" event of the club
was celebrated at Kinsley's in Septem
ber, and Miss Olson says the "closing
up" event will probably take place Just
before her marriage. c- ,;.:;■
Miss Olson says that, besides herself,
already two of those who with all so
lemnity took an oath, to remain single
for at least five years have become en
gaged, and that the announcements
■will soon be made.
BOSTON, Jan. — Three enthusias
tic anti-marriage clubs have just been
organized here by young marriageable
women. Officers have been elected,
and the strangest rules against mar
riage have been formulated and signed
by the charter members.
Miss Beatrice Chase, president of the
biggest and most enthusiastic club, the
Miles Standish Anti-Marriage Club, on
being asked about the cause of this
new movement among the sex, replied
"Haven't you noticed yet that girls
who get up these anti-marriage clubs
and are the most enthusiastic in sup
porting them are always among the
very first to get married? Well, we
want to be at the very head of this pro
cession that is marching toward the al
tar. Do. you knew any better way
than the anti-marriage club?"
■ ♦ »
An American gentleman, residing in
Berlin, taught a little German boy the
simple stanzas, "Ding-dong bell" and
"Twinkle, twinkle, little star." On be
ing asked to write the words of these
poems, as he thought they were
spelled, the boy produced the follow
ing, according to the Home Guard:
Dinn, dann, bell, Pussls In wl well,
Hupurterlnn, llttell Ranr.i tmien.
Hutuckeraut littell Tamml Truat
Wardarnortlbeu was tat
v/Yy .Tudraun Purpussslkat.
. Twlnke!, TwUkel, Ilttell star,
Hauelwander wad Juar,
„ . Ababa* wl woel bo hel
Leikeldolrmnnn In wl*kl.
. «■ » _
Very satisfactory . trials have been
■ recently made of a lifeboat made of
i pumice stone, which it was found
i would remain afloat. with a load, even
j when full of water. * .-'

xml | txt