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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, January 17, 1898, Image 2

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The Peru Slipped In Through the Fog Last Night and Dropped Anchor Off Meiggs Wharf
About Nine O'clock.
Continued from First Page.
and Rive a bond in the sum of $20,000.
conditional for the compliance by
them of the conditions of this con
tract, to be approved by the Mayor of
said city, and will pay all State and
county taxi 9 assessed upon said
water works during the said period of
thirty years. Always provided that
the Mayor and Common Council of
said city shall have and do reserve
the right to regulate the water rates
charged by said parties of the second
part or their assigns, provided that
they shall not so reduce such water
rates or so fix the price thereof to be
less than those now charged by the
parties of the second part for water;
provided that a certain contract or
lease heretofore executed by the
Mayor and Common Council of said
city to Jean L. Sansevaine of said
water works, of date of October 16,
A. D. ISCS, to be surrendered up and
cancelled at or before the signing of'
this contract, provided, always, that
the rights and privileges by these
presents conceded to these parties of
the second part do not embrace to
any extent, or have any reference to, ■
the water works of said city used for
the distribution of water for the pur
- pose of irrigation. or affect in
any manner any rights of irrigation,
either existing at present or which
may hereafter exist, except as to the
ten inches of water as hereinbefore
provided. And it is expressly stipu
lated and covenanted that the said
parties of the second part shall not
dispose of any water for the purpose
of irrigation, but shall only take from
the said river the water necessary for
domestic purposes, as above specified.
In testimony whereof the said par
ties have hereunto set their hands
and seals the day and year first above
[Seal] JOHN" KING, President.
Approved this 22d day of July. ISGS.
[Seal] G. AGUILAR, Mayor.
This contract United States District
Judge Olin Wei bom has decided is
le~al and binding as to both parties.
It Was That by the Middle of
July of This Year All Was
to Be Settled.
It will be noted that the agreement
which is so fully set forth provided
and evidently contemplated municipal
ownership of the water plant of the
city at its expiration.
Anyway, the people have for the last
ten years always so regarded it.
When the municipal campaign of 1896
opened the voters of the city realized !
that the public servants chosen at the
December election of that year and j
taking office on the first Monday in '
January of 1897 would be called upon
to adjudicate the question of municipal
ownership of the plant. The Council
men chosen would go to make up the
legislative body of the city. The
Mayor, the head of the corporation,
would have the power to veto all acts
of the Council. The City Attorney
would >>c the legal adviser of the Coun
cil and Mayor, while the City Engineer
would be the expert relied upon for
knowledge and information concerning
the water company's plant.
All political parties declared in favor
of. municipal ownership, and the indi
vidual candidates vied with each other
ing who could carry out the idea
that ho was and always had been in
favor of the city furnjpninpr its inhabi
tants at the cost of distribution the
water which it was admitted the muni
cipality owned.
The water company also had inter
ests at stake in the campaign and the
corporation through its agents en
deavored to play some very clever
(schemes whereby the people would be
deluded. It succeedf-d. Perhaps not
before the election, but it certainly did
The corporation realized that its
very life was involved in the result of
lection; and, as 'well, a matter of
anywhere from a million and a half to
two millions of dollars. The work it
did was under cover and was under
stood only by those who were close to
its directing Bpirita.
Herculean efforts wore put forth by
the water company to defeat M. P.
Snyder for Mayor. It was fruitless.
He was elected by 1600 majority.
In the matter of City Attorney and
City Engineer the candidates who were
endeavoring to beat each other were
none of them objectionable to the
water company save J. R. Rush, who
; ran for City Attorney. He was de
But it was in the Council that the
j water company got in its finest work.
Four Republicans and four Democrats
j were elected. The L .gue for Better
; City Government elected one Council
i man, and he had the deciding vote in
! the Council. This was Herman Silver,
i the member from the Fourth Ward.
There was considerable speculation
about the organization of the Council.
Mr. Silver settled it by combining wi '\
the Republicans, ar " he was chosen
president of the Council. It was by
this clever move that the Republicans
were ostensibly enabled to organize the
Council, but really Mr. Silver and the
League for Better City Government
are responsible for the present admin
istration of the affairs of the city. The
Mayor is like the fifth whe 1 to a cart
so far as concerns his legal power to
do or undo what the Council docs.
When President Silver appointed the
important Committee on Water Supply
he named F. M. Xickell. a Demo< pal
as chairman. This -was regard*
extraordinary — that rader the circum
stances a Democrat should be n "ned
for that committee, which would have
all to do with the settlement of the
water question.
The friends of municipal ownership
then and there began to realize that
once more the people had been deceived
and that the prospects for an equitable
settlement of the problem were becom
ing dim.
Time passed on, and, under extraor
dinary pressure from the people, the
Council took one limping step after
another, but no move seemed to bring
any nearer the great desideratum of
municipal ownership.
In the meantime, for reasons which
must have been substantial, but which
are not known to the average citizen,
three of the daily papers of the city —
the Times, Herald and Express — be
came silent on the water question. If
they had anything to say it was in
condemnation and denunciation of
those public servants who were en
deavoring to carry out their ante-elec
tion pledges, solemnly made to the
people. Shafts of ridicule were hurled
at the Mayor and at the two Council
men who were endeavoring to do what
they considered to be their duty to
their constituents.
It soon became apparent that the
three daily newspapers named were
syndicated for the purpose of delaying
if not to entirely defeat municipal
All efforts to get the water committee
of the Council to do anything effective
were fruitless. It held infrequent meet
ings at unknown times, but what it
has ever done to hasten municipal
ownership no man knoweth.
The City Engineer Directed to
Figure on the Cost of a
New Plant.
The City Engineer was finally direct- j
ed to make an estimate as to -what an |
entirely new distributing plant would j
cost. He made it, and figured that for i
a city of 350,000, which was the basis :
he was instructed to figure on, it would j
cost $3,500,000.
Then the City Engineer was a?ked to j
take the water company's inventory of j
its property and figure what it was
worth to the city.
For this work Ernest Abs Hagen, a j
competent engineer of unquestioned
reputation and ability was chosen. He
made an exhaustive examination as per
the water company's own return of its
property. The result of his examina
tion he himself speaks of elsewhere.
That result was that the water com
pany's plant at a liberal valuation was
worth to the city $1,192,000.
The water company's price was and
is how understood to be $3,000,000, al
though it has never yet given a posi
tive price to the City Council.
For once the corporation had been
outgeneraled. Engineer Abs Hagen's
i report was submitted to the Council by
the City Engineer, and it raised con
sternation in the ranks of the water
company, their allies, official and unof-
I ficial, and their newspaper organs.
Abs Hagen was bitterly condemned
j and denounced, and he has -ever since
i been excluded from city employment.
; He made an honest report and lost all
prospect of present employment by the
city. His report did not suit those who
are running things.
But the figures and facts set forth in
his report never were assailed. They
are absolutely unassailable.
This report of Abs Hagen's, mnde as
the City Engineer, was a bombshell in
the City Council. The members there
who seem to have forgotten ajojut what
| they Lad promised the peopit; prior tc
th>-ir election did not know what to do.
Finally it was decided to offer the
! water company $1,192,000 for its plant.
As a matter of form this was done, and
the result was that the offer was
promptly refused.
The next step under the contract was
; arbitration. But the water company
declined to arbitrate, claiming that
I under their contract they were not
compelled to arbitrate until after July
2*.\ I£SB, when their contract expired.
Then delays and delays and delays.
The Council acted as though it was
fearful lest it might do something that
would clear up the matter and push it
along closer to consummation. If sev
en members had any such fear or ap
prehension it was ground
Then a petition, signed by NOO vot
ers, was filed, asking the Council to at
once call an election to vote bonds to
construct an entirely new water dis
tributing plant.
The petition is now in the hands of
the. Council, and there It will remain.
The citizen who honestly desires mu
nicipal ownership does not think the '
outlook auspicious to secure it imme
diately. The proposition is being stop
pf d in the house of its supposed friends
—that is to say, by city officials, who
claim to favor it and by newspapers
which for various considerations are
the allies of the water company.
Messrs. Silver, Mathuss, Baker, Toll,
Ashman, Nickel! and Blanchard will
' tell you that they are for municipal
ownership, but they are not willing to
take one single solitary step or to sup
port a motion or measure that will
\ open the way to bring it about.
The newspapers all deny that they
j are controlled by the water company,
! either directly or indirectly, yet they
furnish almost daily evidence of it by
their editorial policy.
A man, either In public or private
life, who manifests any activity in the
way of municipal ownership promptly
has his wings clipped by the press In
j so far as it is possible for the syndi-
I cated dailies to effect this.
In the Council . Messrs. Grider and
Hutchison are the only two- members
who have placed themselves squarely
on record on the water question. They
i are distinctively anti-water company
1 men. They are both honorable, and
are above purchase. They may be
I radical in their views, but the opinion
of citizens generally is that they are
trying to carry out their ante-election
promises, and to secure for the people
of this city water at the lowest possi
ble rate it can be given to consumers
i direct by the municipality itself.
The Mayor of the city, M. P. Snyder.
whatever else may be charged against
him by his political enemies, has never
been accused of being an ally of the
water company. He is doing the best
he can in his- official position to effect
| the change provided for in the contract
' In a signed article for The Call the
i ; head of the municipality touches upon
i j the water question in no uncertain
, i way.
Prior to his election to the City
Council Edward L. Hutchison was an
instructor in the public schools of the
city. He was elected from the Eighth,
the one ward in the city where the
people of ordinary means make four
fifths of the population. He is a very
piain, blunt-spoken sort of citizen,
young, active and courageous. He
tells what he thinks about the situa
To the Editor of the ('all-
Sir: In the I,os Angela* municipal
campaign of a y.ar hk" '!.•• platforms
of all political parties f.-.iri
and bellowed for thf municipal o-wnor
ship of a water plant and tor the con
struction of an entirely now v.
plant at the earliest posible date.
The Democratic and Populist plat
forms, upon which I v i to
the City Council, together with t
other?, declared "Unqualifiedly .-it.-I
unreservedly in favor of an entirely
new plant to be owned and operated
by the people for the people, the rates
to be charp^l to !>•■ Dpon a basis of
actual cost of distribution."
The snmo platforms also declared in
favor of "A supply of pure water from
mountain sources in place Of the un
desirable "substance 1 furnished us by
the Los Angeles city Water
Company"; and they were ho
clear and clamorous in favoring the
construction of the proru>sf<l water
plant with "sufficient pressure for fire
purposes, thus savins the city a I
portion of the annual expense of $M.
000 for an expensive fire department .
besides thousands upon thousands of
dollars every year in fire insurance."
The final clause in the said plank was
a." follows:
We Uem&nd that the neccstaiy proceed-
ings tending to the acquisition of such a
system be Instituted immediately, and we
pledge each and all of our candidates that.
If elected, they will take Immediate steps
upon taking office In the honest and earnest
Investigation of Bald matter, with a view
to the acquisition and construction of said
water mil electric light Rj'stem. and that
all proceedings be pressed with all possible
dispatch, to the end that fnid system. If
found feasible and reasonable, shall be
constructed and in operation before the
expiration of the present privileges of the
city water company.
And, In general, the Republican plat
form was like unto these; and every
city official ele • 5 last year was "ab
solutely and unqualifiedly pledged" to
do something at once, which has not
been done to this day. But five short
months of the lease of the City Water
Company yet remain.
The present city government has
frittered away more than a year in a
vain and foolish attempt to acquire
not an entirely new and • adequate
water plant of scientific construction
of sufficient capacity to supply a great
city, and with force enough to serve as
an agent for the extinguishment of
conflagrations, besides furnishing pow
er for a great electric lighting'sys
tem—but a scurvy, Little antiquated
system of rusty water "mains" of the
enormous diameter of two inches.
Some thirty years ago the Council
of the village of Los Angeles entered
into an alleged agreement with certain
individuals by which the latter were
to have the privilege of using the
water of the Los Angeles River, which
is owned by the city; and at the end
of thirty years the city was to buy
the plant of the said individuals at
whatever it was worth. .
At present the plant of the City
Water Company consists of a batch
of ancient machinery, some antiquat
ed neadworks for extracting water
and diluted mud from the bogs up
the river, a few ponds called "reser
voirs" and about 300 miles of rusty
"mains." of which latter commodity
the average size is about three inches,
ISO miles thereof being of no more
than two-inch pipe.
Only 9 per cent of the ponderous
"water mains" of this city are more
than four inches in diameter, and
many miles thereof are of that per
ishable material commonly called
sheet iron.
For all this rust firu' scrap iron, and
for ail these bop sinks, the City Wa
ter Company asks the Town Council
to pay the modest sum of $3,000,n00.
City Engineer Djpckweiler prepared
plans and estimates for an elaborate
water By stem, in accordance with the
political platforms of the late munici
pal campaign, the smallest main in
any side street to be Inches in
diameter, <t of nine times the ca
pacity of • ge main of the
• system, and the entire cost
I for a city
100 inhabitants was found to be
but little more than |
If this city can construct a prrcat
■ in for 13,000,000, with water
mains of S, 12. 18, 3<> and 40 inches in
diameter, it would he a crime to pay
any such sum for the rusty pipes that
ivw ('.rip a little water here and there
over the city, and which aggravate
the entire Fire Department
time it tries to extraci from tho said
pipes enougti water to quench the
dames in a burning shanty.
The Los Angeles Water Company is
more powerful as a political engine
after elections than as a distributor
of water to the public. Most of the
newspapers of this city appear to be
in it* employ or upon its pay roll.
The Express seems to be its steadiest
and most trusted ally. The Times
seems to grow restive occasionally—
but it usually cools down into a.
friendly apologist for the water com
pany within a lay or two after its
bluster or covert attack upon the
said company. , ■
In a labored editorial published a
few days ago, the Express said that
the water company is a large tax
payer of this city. and that for that
particular reason it was foolish to
think that the water company would
take advantage of the city, or the tax
payers thereof. Whether the editor
did not know that the water company
might want to get back its tax money
together with the tax money paid by
20,000 or 100,000 others is not known to
Nobody but the water company can
ever know how many people there are
here, or how few, who are under the
thumb of the said company for pe
cuniary reasons; but it is certain that
there are many officials* of the city
and ma private citizens wri*o see
through the water company's spec
tacles because of pressure brought
about by pure business relationship
and constant insidious maneuvering on
the part of the astute management
of the water company.
I could name half a dozen city offi
cials whose worst enemies never ac
cused them of downright bribery for
coin, and whose official conduct con
the water question is ab
solutely inexplicable if it be not for
the Insidious Influence of business re
Mayor Snvder has fought well for
s of the people. In the
City Council, Mr. Orider and myself
fought ona and hard to have plans
timates tor s. new water system
prepared by City Engineer Dockwei'er,
or under his supervision. It took a
Qgbi equally lonir and bard to get an
: y of the slant of th>-
Water Company.
That inventory, made by Ernest
A.bs Hagen, C. EL, unde/ the super
vision of Engineer Dockweiler, was
most minutely exhaustive, and It re
vealed the fact that nobody could find
any value in the present water plant
beyond the sum of $1,190,000. That is
far less than the three millions asked
for the plant by the water company.
No criticism of Mr. Abs Hagen's
Bdenttfip investigations and careful es
timate of the water plant was ever
made ty anybody; yet somebody's
political and sinister Influence has pre
vented the city from employing him in
any similar work for the past six
The water company manages to
■queexe out of the property-owners of
this city übout $600,000 a year. About
530U.000 of that is clear profit to theeom
pany. The service is utterly unsatis
factory and inadequate. In many sec
tions of the city the water 1 -Ipea are
almost empty f<>r several hours each
day and the pressure is but slight at
all timr-;.
Almost the entire city is eager for
a new and adequate water plant. The
city ov. is every Inch of water in tho
Los Anseles Ktver. The lease of the
City Water Company will expire next
summer. The supply of water in tha
mountains north of the city is ade
quate for the city and is available for
its use.
The present water plant is worse
than worthless as a nucleus for a
new plant or as a part of a great sys
tem. It would be of no more use as
the basis of a new system than a
Waterbury watch would be as a basis
for a fine watch. Its attempted use
would entail almost endless expense in
every part of the city.
The present policy of the majority
of the city officials seems to be to
watt and wait and wait. Kvery move
<-:uis. s w.-cks of unnecessary delay.
The city should begin the construc
tion of a new system of its own with
out delay. Its alleged contract to pur
!>■<• alleged plant of the City
\\ ;.ur Company does not prevent it
from constructing an entirely new
water plant of its own after modern
and scientific plans.
If we must purchase the present
water plant, we can utilize some parts
of it, perhaps, but we need not burden
the city with any further attempt to
make water run up hill through iron
If The Call will but aid us in our
work and lead us out "t' >>ur legal
and illegal dilemmas of Lua
Anpelos will owe The Call a debt of
gratitude. Yours truly.
Councilman Eighth Ward, Los An
Councilman L. M. Gnder always ha?
been one of the best known real estate
men in the city. He was elected to
the Council from one of the aristocratic
wards and has made quite a reputation
for himself. He has demonstrated
that he is beyond the reach of toe
water company. His views of the situ
ation are below.
To the Editor of The fall— Sir: It
is indeed fortunate for the city of Los
- that ;i great newspap
The Call i* willing to take up the
fipht of its people against the corpor
ate monopoly which now controls Its
water supply, and which Is seeking
through a subsidised press to perpetu
ate such control, <>r to swindle the
city by selling what it has for
000 more than it is worth.
The Los tallies with one
d — have openly
water com
pany, and the fact that The Call has
taken up tl on behalf of the
; ■ .• promise for I
tore brighter.
Every ctty official— certainly every
member of the present Council — was
pledped prior to election to tak>
imni- dlately to secure a. municipal
water system, to be owned and con
trolled by the city, nothing was said
in any of the platforms or pledges
about waiting untii m-xt July
if the water company's plant could
be purchased, and no candidate men
tioned such a thing: during the cam
paign; if one had, such one would
not now be ■ city official.
The Democratic platform especially
ignored the plant of the water ("in
pfiny and pledged its candid.
immediately construct an :r,<.
eat water system, and. if praetlcable,
to brinp the water fmrn a mountain
source and not from the Los Angeles
River, the source of our present sup
As early as January 12. 1897. I intro
duced a resolution in the Council di
rectlng th> City Engineer to prepare
plans and specifications for a water
system to be owned by the city, with
estimate of cost. This was voted
down. The Herald next day denounced
the majority for having betrayed the
people, but the Herald was not then
controlled by the water company.
It then became evident that a ma
jority of the Council were not going
to carry out their pledges, but were
going to try and find out how not
to do it. The lion in the way was
found Jn the shape of a contract he
tween the city and the water com
pany, made in 1868, binding the city
to buy the Improvements of the water
company in Jul I a price to
be agreed on or fixed by arbitration.
1 am credibly informed that this
contract was secured by corruption
and fraud, and every one T have talk
ed with who was familiar with the
matter at that early date has stated
that it was a Job. But be that as it
may. no attorney not in the employ
of the water company has ever claim
ed that their contract could be en
forced against the city. Tn this con
nection I may state that my under*
standing of the law is that a city of
ficial Is in duty bound to insist upon
every legal right and legal defense
•which the city has.
Now although every city official
knew of this contract as well when
he made his pledge for Immediate
construction of a water system as he
does now, still the majority of the
Council are making tnis contract their
excuse for not carrying out their
Impatient with the delay about this,
thousands of residents of the city in
November last filed a petition with
the Council asking thnt an election
be Immediately called to vote bonds
to build a water system. This was
referred to the Water Supply Com
mittee, which committee held a public
meeting to consider it. Any ordinary
man hearing the discuMion which
took place at this meeting would
have suppose, l that a prominent
member of the Water Supply Com
mittee was there as the special agent
of the water company, so watchful
was ho of the interests of that cor
poration and so fearful iest the square
thing shoud not be done by that soul
less organization. Kven the special
counsel of the city did not seem to
have even bothered his brain or dis
turbed his lawbook in endeavoring to
advise the city how to avoid the
afore-mentioned contract. In fact, it
seemed that this contract mi a
savior and a deliverer to the majority
of the Water Supply Committee,
which led them out of the land of
bondage to their pledges to the peo
ple, not to mention their reaching the
water company land of milk and
The petition was reported back with
a recommendation in substance that
the water company be requested to
pleape consent to immediately sell Its
plant to the city. The water company
has not as yet hearkened to the
prayer of the Council, and some, lack-
Ing In faith, say tt never will.
What will the Council do? Well, I
am now as always in favor of build- •
Ing at once and now a new and com
plete water system, completely Ignor
ing 1 the Witter company, but I have
small hopes that this will be done. \ I ;;
believe that after all possible delay
has been obtained In other ways, the
, majority of the Council will order a
reappralsement of the water com
pany's plant, and that the matter will
be so arranged, that a much higher
appraisement than the former one of ' ,
$1,190,055 will be made; that when July
has come and they are certain who
the third referee will be, the water
company will consent to sell its plant
at a price to Joe fixed by arbitration; •
that referees will be appointed who
will report a much higher valuation
than that reported by City Engineer
Dockweiler last summer; that the
people will be asked to vote bonds to
consummate the purchase; that the
bonds will be defeated, and then the
people will have to settle the matter
at the next city election. Yours truly,
Councilman of the Sixth Ward, Los
What the Value of the Water
Company's Plant Really Is.
The property for which the water
company is endeavoring to squeeze
$3,000,000 out of the people and which
bargain the syndicate press of Los An
geies has given its quasi approval to is
by one of the best known expert en
gineers in the country figured to be
worth just $1,192,000.
Mr. Abs Hagen has credentials which
establish beyond question hiS experi
ence and ability. He is being followed
and hounded to a more or less extent
and an endeavor is being made to
drive him out of the city by rendering
it impossible for him to make a living
here. However, the effort may fail.
Anyway, whiie Mr. Abs Hagen is yet
here he has consented to give a few
facts for the readers of The Call.
To the Editor of The Call— Sir: A
water works system, complete in all its
appurtenances, subservient to the needs
city with over 100,000 inhabitants,
with a supply and distribution sys
tem sufficiently large to respond to
the needed subsequent enlargements,
in order to meet the requirements
of a yearly increasing population;
well planned, carefully executed and
economically administered— is not only
a necessity of the present age
but a boon to the people whom
it deserves. Dependence on its ac
curate, never failing action reduces
I the expense caused by fires, it insures
; clean streets, well flushed sewers,
j wholesome water for domestic uses and
it reverberates in general to the credit
' of its owners, i. c.. it pays a handsome
interest on the capital invested.
Such a system is needed for the city
of Los Angeles. The question of ob
taining the same has been agitated
some years. It is now at the point of
taking its form of development, and in
oruVr to evolve s?u<-h a system in the
, desired direction it must be guided
I from the start, trained and directed so
as to produce an ultimate result ade
quate to the needs and wants of the
j people.
As a beginning 1 toward a successful
end this city Is confronted with the fact
; of having to buy a water works system
j at the present owned by private parties,
! of either enlarging, renovating and im
| proving such undesirable features In
\ this system as are or may become ap
! parent, or else substitute an entirely
1 new system for the old one, which lat
ter at all events will have to be bought
and paid for at such a price as may be
i agreed upon.
A contract made thirty years ago ne
cessitates the acquisition of this prop
erty. The price which is to be paid for
this property is the stumbling: block for
the rapid solution of the question. The
purchase prise asked by the present
owners Is $3,000,000. The sum offered
by the city and based on careful engi
neering investigations is a little over
$1,000,000. This produces a gap in the
present business negotiations which ap
parently only time, arbitration, law
suits and similar time-consuming ex
pediments may overbridge.
A comparison of the present water
works system as it shows itself to be
with what it ought to be leads to some
astonishing results.
It is the aim of the writer to present
the existing conditions of the Los An
i geles water works system to the reader
:in as calm, unbiased and correct a
j manner as possible, based upon a pre
j viously made searching investigation
reduced to a dollar and cent estimate.
Every item of such estimate can be
substantiated and verified.
A schedule list of the city water
works property was filed by the offi
cers of this company with the city vi
thorities, which list ein"ora<:<:H every
ti^e o! r-.V estate, every piece of ihe
numerous features, such as tunnels,
conduits, reservoirs, power station? and
pipe system, which go to make up a
large water works system. Water
rights and rights of way. etc., will be
considered, and ihe prices se* opposite
the different items are, in* the opinion
of the writer, not only adequate, hut
like material can be bought to-day in
open market for less money if purchas
ed in large quantities.
The object and aim being to arrive? at
a fair valuation, giving at all ~v* nts,
the benefit of the doubt to the present
water works.
The investigation was made by rig
idly inspecting every one of the fea
tures of the system.
Three hundred and eighteen pipes at
different localities were unearthed,
tested and their condition noted, in or
der to arrive at a fair understanding
of the general nature of the pipe ys
tem. The sizes and conditions of the
pipes were ascertained, depths and
■widths of excavations measured; com
parison was made with the record of
the pipe system as submitted by the
company; errors of sizes, etc., were
thereby corrected, and the first star
tling discrepancy between facts and fig
ures was shown to be that instead of
1,870,931 feet of pipe system as listed
by the company, but 1.6K2.259 feet, ot
a difference of over 35 miles of pipes
was found. It appears, that the com
pany has carried en Its record all
abandoned lines, and submitted same
as part of their system.
N The condition of the existing pipe
lines was scrutinized, and investigation
showed that out of 114 pipes of two
and three inch dimension, 47 are good,
67 in poor condition. Out of 153 cast
iron pipe of various sizes, 145 are good
and 8 are poor; out of 51 sheet iron
pipe of various sizes, 29 are good, 22 are
It was further found that there are
at present within the city limits a lit
tle over 23 miles of pipes, which are
paralleled by others of larger dimen
sions. This latter fact shows that such
23 miles of pipes of insufficient sizes
had to be augmented by parallel pipe
lines. The combined capacity of both
are found to be hardly sufficient for
present requirements.
The pipe system was found to con
sist of 103 miles of cast iron pipes,
equaling 32 per cent of the whole sys
tem; of IS9 miles, or 60 per cent, of
wrought iron: of 3.75 miles, ot 1 per
cent of cement lined pipe: of 21 miles,
or 7 per cent of sheet iron; or a total of
318 miles of pipe, good, bad and indif
The conditions of the pipes were
found to be as follows: All cast Iron
pipes, with the exception of those suf
fering from the effects of electrolysis,
were found to be good and serviceable.
All wrought iron pipes, except the new
ly laid, were found to be covered with
rust and deteriorating rapidly. All
sheet iron pipes, except such as were
laid in deep trenches and favored by
local conditions of the soil, were badly
deteriorated, and some utterly spoiled
by rust. The cement lined pipes were
absolutely worthless. Sooner or later,
within the next five or ten years, every
one of the pipes, except the cast iron
pipes, will have to be replaced by cast
iron mains.
The sizes of the mains, as found in
connection with this system, furnish a
remarkable illustration of what can be
done with inadequate means, by the
use of good judgment and careful ad
ministration by the one party and in
dulgence by the other.
Out of a total of 1,626,490 feet of avail
able pipes, there are at present in i^S":
Of 2-inch pipe. 55 per cent; of 3-inch
pipe, 5.5 per cent; of 4-inch pipe. IS 5
per cent; of 5-inch pipe, .5 per cent; of
6-inch pipe, 6.5 per cent; of 7-inch pipe,
.1 per cent: of 8-inch pipe, 4.5 per cent: i
of 10- inch pipe, 1.5 per cent; of 11-inch y
pipe, 1 per cent: cf 12-inch pipe, 2 per
cent; of 14-inch pipe, .3 per cent; of 16
inch pipe, .5 per cent; of IS-inch pipe,
.6 per cent; of 20-inch pipe, .1 per cent;
of 22-inch pipe, 1 per cent; of 24-inch
pipe, .5 per cent; of 30-inch pipe, .6 per
cent; of 44-inch pipe, 1.1 per cent.
The preponderance of 2-inch, 3-lnch
and 4-inch pipes (79 per cent) over the
medium and larger sized pipes becomes
the more apparent when it is consid
ered that a 6-inch main is necessary in
order to furnish the required maxi
mum volume of water for domestic and
fire-extinguishing purposes. At present
there are no hydrants available except
where connected with 4-inch or larger
mains, thereby depriving all such sec
tions of the city where the smaller sizes
of pipe predominate.
The propected city water works sys
tem calls for 300 miles of 6-inch mains.
The present system contains less than
twenty miles of such pipes. The depth
to which mains are laid is inadequate,
the average depth of 2-inch and 3-inch
pipes being found to be from twelve
inches to eighteen inches below street
grade, larger mains gradually increas
ing to an average depth of four feet,
thus necessitating expensive altera
tions whenever a change of street
Continued on Fourth Pape.
Annual Sales over 6,000,000 Boxes
such as Wind and Pain in the Stomach,
Giddiness, Fulness after meals. Head-
ache. Dizziness, Drowsiness. Flushings
of Heat. Loss of Appetite. Costiveness.
Blotches on the Skin. Cold Chills. Dis-
turbed Sleep. Frightful Dreams and all
Nervous and 'Trembling Sensations.
IN TWENTY MINUTES. Every sufferer "•
■will acknowledge them to be
EEECHASTS PILLS, taken as direct-
ed, will quickly restore Females to com-
plete health. They promptly remove
obstructions or irregularities of the sys-
tem and cure Kick Headache* Fora
Weak Stomach
Impaired Digestion
Disordered Liver
Beecham's Pills are
Without a Rival
And have the
of any Patent Medicine in the World*
25c. at all Drug Stores.
Radway'e Ready Relief for Sprains, Bruises.
Sore Muscles. Cramps. | Burns. Sunburns. Back-
ache, Headache. Toothache, Rheumatism. Neu-
lalgia. Lumbago. Internally for all " Bowel
Pains. Colic, Diarrhoea, Dysentery. Cholera
Morbua - and Sickness. Nausea, etc. * All dru*-
, Klsta

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