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IN SHAPE FOR ACTIVE HOSTILITIES.
PLANS OF NAVAL MEN FOR WAR Important Steps Ordered by Assistant Secre= tary Roosevelt. One of the Most Interesting Matters Is the Preparation of Auxiliary Cruisers for Hostilities. NEW YORK, Feb. 25.— A Washing ton special to the Herald says: Emer gency preparations of the most import ant character yet attempted by the Navy Department were formally de cided upon to-day and necessary orders carrying them out were issued by Chief Acting Secretary Roosevelt. These pre parations include: First— Orders to vessels In different parts of the world, looking to their bet ter strategic disposition. Second — Shipment of guns and mounts for auxiliary cruisers from the Washington foundry to the New York Navy Yard, where in a few hours they can be placed on board vessels of the International Navigation Company, Columbia Steamship Company, Red "D" Steamship Company, and New York and Cuba Mail Steamship Com pany. Third — Collection? of stores and com pletion of repairs to cruisers Minne apolis and Columbia, monitor Mianto non>oh and ram Katahdin. Fourth— Shijunt-nt to works of the Herreshoffs of torpedo tubes and appli ances and torpedoes for the torpedo boats Talbot and Gwin, which will shortly undergo their steam trials. The authorities have given up all idea of keeping secret the preparations which are being made, and while de clining to go into the details as to or ders which are being given, it is gen erally known what steps are being taken to put the country in condition to meet any emergency that may arise. It has not been denied that orders have been issued to vessels which entail their movements to different points, but what vessel? are affected and where they go are questions which the department officials decline to answer. As the Herald has stated, the Asiatic squadron is assembling at Hongkong, f>oo miles away from the Philippines. It is generally believed that before decis ive action is taken by the administra tion the cruiser San Francisco and gunboats Bancroft and Helena will be ordered home, it being appreciated that these vessels would not be effective against the armored cruisers of the Spanish navy. The cruiser Cincinnati and gunboat Castine will probably re main at the Barbadoes until the arrival of the Brooklyn at Santa Lucia, sixty miles away, when Captain F. C. Cooke, commanding the armored cruiser, will communicate with Captain C. M. Ches ter, senior officer commanding the Cin cinnati and the Castine, and these three vessels will then probably proceed to La Guayra. where they will join the gunboats Wilmington, Vicksburg and Annapolis. Quite a large number of guns and mounts for auxiliary cruisers will be chipped, commencing to-morrow, to the Brooklyn Navy Yard. There are now available for auxiliary cruisers forty nine 4-inch, forty o-inch and forty-one 6-inch guns. There is also on hand a large number of six and one pounder guns and machine guns. The Herald showed several days ago that the St. Paul, St. Louis, New York and Paris would require forty 6-inch guns, twenty 6-pounders and sixteen machine guns. It is evident that these vessels could be transformed into auxiliary cruisers without delay. The Advance and Alliance of the Co lumbia Steamship Company will re quire twelve 5-inch and twelve ma chine guns. Twenty-eight 5-inch guns would thus be left, and eight of these would be placed on board the Segur ance, Vigilencia and Concho. A total of eighty 4-inch guns will be needed to equip the remaining vessels which would be available for duty as auxil iary cruisers, forty-nine of which will be shipped to New York. The gun foundry is now assembling a number of 4-inch guns, and it is expected that within the next few months forty-five guns of this caliber will be ready for service. For six and four inch guns for aux- : iliary cruisers the department designed some months ago a pedestal mount. Sixty-six four-inch and twenty-seven five-inch guns were reported as com pleted some months ago, at which time forty-five were being pushed to com- | pletion. The Columbia and Minneapo lis are commerce-destroyers. They have been in reserve for some months, the idea being when they are assigned that they could be got ready and ! I'lared in commission in ten days. Their ! stores have been assembled and are now ready to be placed on board. This will probably be done, so when the de- i partment directs that they be placed in commission all that will be neces sary for officers and crew is to go aboarcl. The monitor Miantonomoh, which is also at League Island, has been re paired, and minor repairs required will be made as rapidly as possible. Like the Terror, she has a displacement of 3990 tons. The ram Katahdin, which was placed in ordinary some months ago, is also in need of some minor re pairs. These will be completed as quickly as possible, her stores will be assembled, and, like other ships at Lejurue Island, she will be put in condi tlon to go to sea Just as soon as her officers and men may arrive on board. The Katahdin is the only representa tive of her type in the world, her prin cipal arm of defense being her ram. There have been a number of applica tions made to the department by offi- cers of the commander rank desiring to be assigned to her in case of war. Com mander G. H. H. Wilde being especially desirous of receiving this billet. The Navy Department was informed some days ago that the torpedo boats Tai bot and Gwin had been launched and would undergo their stem trials in a few days. The Talbot and Gwin are small boats equipped with two torpedo tubes. Lieutenant Commander T. C. McLean, in charge of the torpedo sta tion at Newport, has been directed to ship to the works of the Herreshoffs torpedo tubes and appliances and tor pedoes for the Gwin and Talbot so that these vessels can be placed in commis sion immediately upon the conclusion of their steam trials. The department has prepared a cir cular letter, which will be sent as a re ply to hundreds of men who are desir ous of entering the naval service in the event of war. This let,ter states that applications will be placed on file and the candidates for enlistment will be called upon if needed. AMERICANS IN HAVANA ARE GREATLY ALARMED. They Fear an Outbreak During a Big Demonstration to Be Held Sunday. NEW YORK, Feb. 27.— A special cable to a morning paper from Havana says: Americans in Havana are alarmed to-day over the probability of an outbreak. There is serious trouble brewing and the Spanish authorities are alarmed. Yesterday was an excit ing day. The Spanish vessel Monte video arrived and anchored within a pebble's throw from the wreck of the Maine. The Montevideo brought from Spain a thousand soldiers. When the Span is-h soldiery learned of the appalling disaster to the Maine they could not refrain from displaying their joy. The wreckers and marines engaged in the ghastly work of recovering the bodies were compelled to listen to cold blooded taunts and sneers. "Death to Americans," was the yell. Later when the officers of the palace visited the Montevideo there was a such exclamation. The soldiers were marched to the Prado and later to the Castle of Prin cipe, where they were supplied with rations. A few days ago it was said at the palace the soldiers were to be pushed into the interior at once. Doubtless this was Blanco's intention then, but conditions have changed. There is to be a big demonstration in Havana on Sunday, and the cap tain-general will' retain his troops in the city. The demonstration to be held Sunday has been on foot for more than a month. The efforts of Blanco to- crush it out by commands and threats have proved fruitless. The element which is opposed to au tonomy and which favors the bringing back of Weyler is growing all the time. It proposes to be heard, and heard it will be on Sunday. That is why Blan co has retained the sc-ldiers. The autonomist party has ben split and the so-called Radical wing has re organized and formed a new plan of autonomy. This plan is that Spanish troops be withdrawn from the island and the insurgent army who hold rank and title be recognized as leaders in what shall be known as the colonial militia. This plan is the cause of a great protest on the part of many Spaniards. It- is felt in Havana to-day on the part of Conservatives that Sunday's demonstration is the beginning of a studied movement to depose Blanco. General Arolas. tho military Governor of Havana, whose military strength as sisted in promptly crushing out the last demonstration, is in the hands of weak er leaders in whom the foreign consuls have lost confidence. Sicard Yet in Charge. KEY WEST, Fla., Feb. 25-Com mander Clifford H. West, thief of Ad miral Sicard's staff, sailed on the Mas cotte to-day for Havana. When asked the purpose of his visit to Havana he replied: "I cannot say anythin for publication. Rear Admiral Sicard is still in charge of the fleet, which with the exception of the New York and lowa, remains at the Dry Tortugas. The New York and lowa lie off this harbor. The admiral says to-night that he expected to be there soon, and he looked much improved. The ad miral expects the Marblehead and the Detroit on Sunday, hut says the fleet will not be brought in a body to this harbor. No Extra Powder Ordered. SANTA CRUZ, Feb. 25.— Although war rumors are prevalent there are no indications at the California Pow der Works here of any orders being re ceived for an increased output of Gov ernment powder. The works are en gaged in filling the usual contract for powder for the Government. There is always on hand about two hundred tons of sporting and blasting THE SAN FKAXCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1898. Iglesia Mercedes in Havana, Where the Funeral Services for the Maine's Dead Were Held. powder, which can be turned over to the Government at once if necessary. At the works there are three big guns used for testing purposes. One is three inch, another six-inch and a third eight-inch. The largest can throw pro jectiles nine miles. MEMBERS OF A GUN CLUB AS VOLUNTEERS. Five Hundred Sharpshooters Proffer Their Assistance to the Government. NEW YORK, Feb. 25.— The prospect of war with Spain is stirring the people in Port ' Chester and other villages in Weschester County. The war spirit is so strong that two volunteer military companies are being formed, which will tender their assistance to the Govern ment in case war really does come. The Port Chester company is already 200 strong. At Rye a company of rifle rangers is organizing. Port Chester was more keenly shocked at the disaster to the Maine because Newell Rising Jr., a young man popular in the village, was one of the victims. Rising's father is a prominent mem ber of Charles Lawrence G. A. R. post of this village. The post met last night and passed resolutions of eulogy on the dead sailor and of condolence to his famtly. It was decided to erect a granite shaft to young Newell Rising's memory on the post plot in Rye ceme tery. Jeremiah Byron, president of the Mount Vernon Gun Club, sent a letter to the Secretary of War last night vol unteering the services of the club, in' all 500 accurate marksmen. To-day Mr. Byron received a letter from Secretary Long, thanking the gun club and stat ing that the letter had keen duly filed for refeVence in case of need. MOUNTING THE FORT PREBLE MORTAR BATTERY. Detachment of Hegular Soldiers Placing the Big Ten- Inch Guns. NEW YORK, Feb. 25.— A Portland (Me.) special to the Herald says: Pre paratory work is being done on the new mortar batery at Fort Preble by Captain Field and two assistants under the general supervision of Major Hexie and Lieutenant Howell of the United States Engineer Corps. A de tachment of Fort Preble soldiers sta tioned at the fortifications at Portland Head is being utilized in the prelimi nary work pertaining to the mounting of the big 10-inch guns. Six of the Wounded at Havana. HAVANA, Feb. . 25,-r-At 6 o'clock, when this dispatch was sent, Holzer is still sleeping under the influence of an opiate. He is no worse than he was this morning, but is very low. Includ ing him, there are six wounded left here, and all are reasonably certain of recovery except him. Some difficulty will arise, in removing them to the United States, for all have, been ex posed to contagious fevers, and the quarantine laws forbid their being taken direct to Key West. These regulations were disregarded in case of the first lot of wounded. taken there on the next day after the explosion, be cause of the extreme exigencies of the case. . - " y-' '■ ; ; . en*** Bodies Cannot Be Disinterred. WASHINGTON. Feb. 25.-The friends of the victims of the Maine disaster have discovered that they cannot have their bodies brought to this country in cases where they have already been in terred. This is due to the fact that the Spanish laws forbid the exhumation of corpses until the expiration of the period of five years ofter burial. The prohibition had its OTigin in the fear of infection from contagious dis eases, pome applications have already been made to have bodies brought to the United States by private individ uals, and they have encountered this obstacle. SIGNIFICANT ORDERS COME Northern National Guard Ordered to Prepare for Emergencies. All Companies to Be Filled»Up and Placed on a War Footing. En the Event of Hostilities the Militia Will Man the Guns at the Forts. Special DUpatch to The Call. SPOKANE. Wash., Fob. 2F..—Signifi cant orders were to-day issued from the headquarters of the State National Guard at Olympia for the commanders of infantry companies to immediately recruit their companies to their full strength and increasing the maximum strength of the two cavalry troops in the State to eighty men each. The wording of the orders follows: 1. Thecaptala of each company of infan try in the National Guard of Washington will proceed without d< lay to recruit his command to its maximum strength of sixty mllsted men. 2. Each troop of cavalry is authorized hereby to Increase its maximum strength from sixty to eighty enlisted men. By order of the C'ommamler-in-Chief Official: J. K. BALLAINK.' Adjutant-General. . Orders have also been issued gazet ting new officers to fill all vacancies. Everything is evidently being done to put the National Guard In the best of condition. The light battery of artil lery stationed at Spokane has been try ing for several years to secure modern machine guns, and is now informed it may secure them in the course of a few weeks. The battery had almost given up hope of securing them. National Guard officers say the issu ance of orders to recruit up to the full authorized strength is the result of or ders issued from the War Department to the adjutant-general of every State in the Union. In not all the States have the orders been issued so far. It is understood that General Ballaine re ceived his orders by telegraph while in the interior States the orders are sent by mail. So far as can be learned from officers of the National Guard and army officers, plans are being prepared under the direction of the Secretary of War whereby the volunteer troops in the border States will in event of war be placed to garrison the seacoast and other important army posts, save those that are equipped with heavy artillery, while the full strength of the regular army will be mobilized on the Gulf coast. According to an officer, the Ore gon Guard will be called upon to garri son Fort Vancouver and Fort Stevens, while the Washington Guard will be placed at Fort Townsend, now aban doned. Magnolia Bluffs, Fort Walla Walla and Fort Spokane, while the Ida ho- Guard will garrison Fort Sherman and Fort Boise Barracks in Idaho the one in the Department of the Colum bia, and the other in the Department of the Platte. ROOSEVELT IN CHARGE OF THE NAVY DEPARTMENT. Worn Out by His Tireless Exertions, Secretary Long Leaves for a Brief Best. WASHINGTON, Feb. 25.— Secretary Long has been under a heavy and al most constant strain ever Bince he was awakened in the ir'^riie of ti»a nio-ht a week ago last Tuesday by the news of the loss of the Maine, and now that matters are, at least for the present, in a quieter state, he has withdrawn from the Navy Department and gone away for a few days" rest, leaving Assistant Secretary Roosevelt to manage the de partment.fc The latter has been thor oughly advised at every step of the Secretary's policy of the treatment of the Maine affairs, so that there is not likely to be any change in that respect caused by the temporary assumption of the duties of Secretary by Mr. Roose velt. Just before the department closed he had word of the sailing of the cruiser Montgomery from Tampa for Key West. Dp to that time the vessel had br-en given no orders, so that the date of her departure for Havana, if she is to go at all, is conjectural. The ship went to Tampa instead of Key West on her return from San Domingo, in or der to facilitate the speedy return to his duties in Washington of Captain < 'nuvninshield, the chief of the Naviga tion Bureau, who saved a full day by the movement. The Castine, the second of the United States warships on the South Atlantic station, arrived to-day at Barbadoes, where she joined the Cincinnati. It may be that the Castine may go to Martinique to be docked, as she is in need of cleaning after her trip. WRECK OF THE MAINE SINKING INTO THE MUD. It Will Be Necessary to Remove Guns and Deck Debris Before Rais ing the Hull. HAVANA, Feb. 25.— The wreck of the Maine is slowly but surely sinking into the mud. Before the hull v could be raised it would be necessary to move the guns and deck debris. For lack of proper appliances practically nothing in this line has been accomplished. Aside from the officers' cabin effects, the sal vage thus far has ben pitifully small. The cloudy weather and rain made the work of the divers unsatisfactory to day, and very little was done. It is said that a hole has been made by the" divers in one of the forward hatches, and it is hoped that a number of bodies will be recovered. The court of inquiry sat longer than usual to-day, the six divers being ex amined more in detail than heretofore. The Spanish cruiser Alfonso XIII has been towed to a buoy further within the harbor to make room for the cruiser Vizcaya. which is expected here to-morrow or the next day from the north. No word has been received at tho Consul-General's office from Mr. Bar ker, the United States Consul at Sa guala Grande, and it is believed that the report of Mr. Barker's illness is untrue. ______^_____ NICARAGUA AWAITS COSTA RICA'S REPLY. If Her Demands Are Not Acceded to War Is Likely to Follow. Copyrighted, IS9B. by James Gordon Bennett. MANAGUA, Nicaragua, Feb. 25.— T0 the Editor of the Herald: The Diet has demanded an explanation of Costa Rica. Nicaragua, in accordance with her agree ment, awaits developments before acting. ZELAYA, President. PANAMA, Feb. 25.— Telegraphic advices from the Herald's coi-respondent in Ma nagua, Nicaragua, state that the press and people are adverse to war with Costa Rica and the Government desires peace, provided it is guaranteed by Costa Rica acceding to Nicaragua's just demands, thus avoiding future trouble. Otherwise the Government wants war. The Govern ment of Costa Rica has not jet answered the Diet of the greater republic, therefore relations remain bitter. It is reported that President Iglesias has held a meet ing for the discussion of war, and that tho meeting was strongly opposed to it. Special envoys are en route to Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica for mediation. Jockey George Barrett Dead. LONDON, Feb. 25.— George Barrett, the ! iaokf.v. Is dead. .".;■. "''-'■--■ "'"^^SiSSSSL I CONTRACTS ARE TO BE HASTENED Ammunition and Guns for the Army Are in Demand. Quicker Deliveries of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores Now Required by Chiefs of the War Department. NEW YORK,. Feb. 25.— A Washing ton special to the Herald says: Pres sure is being brought to bear by the chief of the ordnance and the chief of the engineers of the army on the con tractors who are behind in the fulfill ment of their contracts with the de partment, and instructions have been issued directing them to hasten partic ularly the completion of contracts for guns and ammunition. The work has been progressing quite as rapidly as practicable for months at all points where seacoast fortifications are under way, and the rate of progress of the engineering work on emplacements cannot be greatly accelerated, except on Southern coasts, where weather con ditions do not affect excavations and buildings. Quicker deliveries of ordnance and ordnance stores are, however, possible. It is understood that the Bethlehem Iron Company has been asked to hasten their deliveries of eight-inch, ten-inch and twelve-inch guns, and the Tredegar Iron Works of Richmond, Va., the Rome (N. V.) Locomotive and Machine Works and the Driggs-Seabury Ord nance Company, to push the delivery of shells for guns and mortars of various caliber. The Government gun carriage fac tories at Rock Island, 111., and Water town, Mass., the arsenals at Water vleit and Frankford and Springfield Armory have all received orders to in crease their rate of supply. Ammuni tion is just now the great need of the department, and for this reason the small arms and ammunition plant at Frankford is expected to turn out not less than 40.000 ball cartridges, caliber 30, for the Krug-Jorgensen army rifle, and 20.000 miscellaneous cart ridges, most of them of the caliber of 45, for use in Springfield rifles, only supplied to the National Guard. Re quisitions have also been made on the Frankford arsenal for shrapnel, canis ter and sights for cannon. Ordnance officials decline to make public the amount of ammunition now on hand, but it is known to be so small as to induce the department to mak every possible effort to increase it at the shortest notice. In the event of an outbreak of actual hostilities purchases of ammunition abroad would be necessary, and is contem plated. No anxiety is felt -with re gard to supplying the militia with am munition. Their small arm Spring field rifle can easily be supplied from private manufacturers of the Eastern States. The Scott Foundry at Reading, Pa., is working night and day in the hope of completing by the lasx of June the 16-inch Brown segmental wire-wound gun which it is building for the War Department. This will be the largest gun manufactured for the army until the 16-inch built-up gun now building at Watervleit is completed. The wire gun will weigh twenty-six tons, its muzzle velocity will be 3000 feet per second and its muzzle energy over 35, 000 foot tons, which it is estimated would penetrate both sides (projectile entering on one side and going out on the other side) of the armor plates of a modern battleship. The gun has a tensile strength of 150,000 pounds to the square inch. The wire jacket, which takes up the entire circumferential bursting strain of the powder, has a tensile strength of 250,000 pounds to the square inch. The steel in the Govern ment built gun has a tensile strength of less than 100,000 pounds per square inch. The calculated muzzle velocity of the Brown segmental tube wire wound gun is 3000 feet per second, and the calculated muzzle energy is over 35,000 foot tons. The muzzle energy is greater than the muzzle energy of the Government thirteen-inch gun, which is the largest and most powerful gun. in the service. The Government thirteen-inch gun weighs fifty-one and a half tons; its muzzle velocity is 2100 feet per second, and its muzzle energy is 34,155 foot tons. In the event of successful tests of this gun it will be placed in some important position of coast defense. Many stories are current respecting the plans of the War Department for transporting troops and for conducting a possible campaign in Cuba.* It is not expected that tiie authorities will con fide to the puttlic at this juncture such plans as may have been formed in this direction. It is a well known fact the Quartermaster's' Department is pre pared to furnish transportation for large bodies of troops at the shortest notice to the Atlantic Coast and to the Gulf, and steamship lines have been approached and are prepared to furnish adequate transportation to the Cuban coast if necessary. The military information division, through its various agencies, is amply equipped to furnish a store of informa tion and maps, and it may be said that the army, if called into action, will not be found unprepared for decisive work without the loss of valuable time. The presence at Atlanta, Ga.. of Ma jor General Wesley Merritt, command ing the Department of the East, Is not an IniilnaKnß ttisi k> V.«, D rrilni M uli i B headquarters there for the direction of the movements of troops in the South. General Merritt is making his annual inspection of the posts of his depart ment, which includes all the States on the Atlantic Coast and the Gulf, except Texas, and the States east of Missis sippi, south of the lakes, excepting In diana and Illinois. His inspection at this time will naturally have more than ordinary importance, and is calculated to increase the efficiency and economia distribution of the troops of the depart ment. Major General Miles, commanding the army, to-day emphatically said to ma that reports of a rupture between him and General Merritt on account of tha latter officer's making public informa tion about orders and department plans is entirely unfounded. He said he haa no occasion to criticize General Merritt, and that he has his entire confidence. DIVERS AND A CONSUL ARRIVE FROM CUBA. But the Official Will Hurry Back to Protect His Family From the Spaniards^ KEY WEST, Feb. 25.— 0n the steam er Mascotte, from Tampa, for Havana this evening, were Captain Everett and John Hagerty, divers of the Merritt and Chapman Wrecking Company, who are going to work on the Maine. They take with them two assistants and a large quantity of wrecking machinery. Carlos Yznaga. United States Consu lar Agent at Trinidad de Cuba, is alpo a passenger. He left Havana two weeks ago on a three months' leave, but is now Hurrying home from New York to protect his wife and children at Trinidad, as he fears the Spaniards there will provoke a riot. After consul tation with Consul General Lee, Mr. Yznaga- will decided whether to taka his family from Cuba. The Mascotte replaces the steamer Olivette while the latter is laid up tem porarily for repairs. Out of the seventy passengers from Tampa, only about a dozen went to Havana. The traffic is all the other way. ADVERTISEMENTS. German and French Army Rations Now. in stock in plentiful supply. World celebrated, guaranteed to keep in any climate for two years. Not expensive—* quality considered. Read list: 1 It), tins malted oats and cocoa, " 1 It), tins green corn. 1 It), tins potato meal. 1 It), tins sago and tapioca, 1 It), tins rice meal. ' t ' ,' - 1 Ib. tins bean meal. 1 It), tins pea meal. 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