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THE CALL Sunday Edition
REVOLUTION IN THE AIR: SAN SALVADOR READY FOR IT "/ expect an uprising at any moment, but when they strike they will find me well prepared, for I will not submit to being forcibly ejected!' REVOLUTION is smoldering • jf*\ in Salvador, ready to break ■ ' .a ' \ into sudden flame. So gui "• ff J etly an( * secretly are both •■."•j^^g sides preparing for the out .'. hT I break that the foreign press ' m' : is not even cognizant of the : ■■'.''. . fact that trouble is imminent. :.:".'.•- • .'■• A professional revolutionist ■'.■.■• '• -is in this city purchasing am .'■-■"' . • ' munition for the revolution ists; -Everybody is not aware that there are "professional revolutionists." Lilt is with no slight degree of doubt that. I sought the man engaged in this ■ strange business, although I had been foretold -of him and his trade by one of the most prominent members of the local S.ilvadoran colony. -I found him short and stout, with swarthy skin and hair in odd contrast to. his twinkling blue eyes; just the sort •of man 'one would label "doctor, lawyer, merchant," but never "chief." Or revolutionist. He greeted me in broken Hispanio-Araericanus that gave token .of. a New England ancestor. "It is from my Yankee grandmother that I get my • business instincts," he ex plained, later, on. I had not counted business interests lial in the make-up of a profes sional revolutionist, but then nearly • ihing he said upset my precon iceived notions of a "revolutionist." k 'Revolution?" tie began, when ques tioned. "My dear senorita, I assure you as an honorable gentleman that as far as I know there is not the slightest clar.L'fer of n revolution In my country." Then why," I said, struggling to hlue all I knew about his secret mis- Bion, "should President Gutierrez write this statement?" And I proceeded to read bJm an extract from the letter. "Ah, I see you are well Informed, so I will not deny that there may be a revolution." The fact that he had given his word to the contrary but a moment before did not seem to trouble him in the slightest. "And you are here," I continued, Slowly, so as to fully enjoy his look of Burprise, "to purchase ammunition for the revolutionists?" I!*- <lir] not look a bit surprised, hut he stared at me in point blank anger. J got frightened. But before I could carry <>ut my resolution to run for the door the bland senor recovered himself, ami suavely assured me that he was hero for his health. "But," he add^d. with an ahom, "I have heard that there is a gentleman here on .such a business as you are pleased to mention." "And this gentleman when he has purchased thp ammunition will he go back to fight in the revolution?" I queried. "He will go back to Salvador as suredly, but he will not take an ac tive part in the revolution." "1 should think if he were heart and soul in the cause he would wish to fight." "My dear s^norita, his duty is to at tend to the business part of the affair. Besides h<- might get killed, and that would prevent his being of any use i n the next revolution. Of course he Is always taking great risks because if the other side once get suspicious of his real business they would kill him. They would what you call assassinate him." "What are his reasons for allying himself with the revolutionists?" "It's a matter of business. A mer chant sells his goods to the highest bidder. This man manages the busi ness details of a revolution for the side that pays him best." "How long has he been in this busi ness?" SAX FRANCISCO, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1898. EXTRACT FROM *A RECENT LETTER WRITTEN "BY PRESIDENT GUTIERREZ. FROM PRESIDENT GUITERREZ' LETTER ON THE APPROACHING REVOLUTION. * * * I am prepared in case of revolution, and I will make an exam ple of those who disturb public order. Meanwhile they are heaping upon my head daily all manner of insults through the local press, headed here by the students. I shall take strenu ous measures to suppress these scan dals. Even if a revolution does not break out, I fear that the Presidential elec tion will take alarming proportions. I am fully determined to be neutral in the election — that is to say, I shall not lean toward any candidate. No personal sacrifice will deter me from maintaining public order during the election. "SANTA MARIA! WHAT SORT Of A MAN IS THIS PRESIDENT? OUT WITH HIM!" THEY SHOUTED. EVEN WHILE THEY SHOUTED THE SOLDIERS AND POLICE BEGAN TO CHARGE THE MOB. "Oh, he has looked after half a dozen affair?, some bier and some of no con sequence." "All in Salvador?" "No. This will be the first one in Salvador. It would not do to conduct tho business for one country alone. He would become known quickly and BO be killed, what you call assassinated." "And where were the other revolu tions he was engaged in?" "Oh, Guatemala and the other coun tries down there." "Then you— l mean this revolutionary agent—has no personal feelings in the However, I fear they will not wait for the election, but use force of arms to shorten my term. Notwithstanding that my enemies are convinced that I do not crave for power, th&t I do not seek re-election and that I uphold and always shall up hold the principle of rotation in office, yet the office-seekers and boodlers are so anxious that they cannot wait until my term naturally expires. For this reason I expect an uprising at any moment, but when they strike they will find me fully prepared, for 1 will not submit to being forcefully ejected. Right and justice are on my side and they had best beware. * * * matter? He is not personally opposed to President Gutierrez?" "Gutierrez! He is a fool, because he has r.o business sense. But he is a po.id fighter. He is too honest for those people down there. No, this agent I speak to you of is not opposed to Gu tierrez personally. Only, you see, the revolution gives him a chance to make some business for himself. It pays; you understand." "Who hired this man to come up here and buy ammunition?" The senor smiled with an air that spoke plainer than words: "What a gudgeon she must think me!" Aloud he simply said, "How should I know?" "Oh," I replied, innocently, "I thought you might have a faint idea. Of course, you couldn't know positively." "Well, there are men who want to take Gutierrez's place in the chair of the President, and. perhaps, one of them hired him. Most likely the man who will head the revolution." Then he went on to tell me that the students were playing the principal roles In stirring up the revolution. They did not realize that Gutierrez was not responsible for the condition of affairs. They are young and hot blooded and anxious to have their first chance in a revolution. General Gutierrez should thoroughly understand how to cope with the new revolutionists, for he was leader of the lnst revolutionary party that suc ceeded in overthrowing President Ezeta. Although the presidents of the Central American republics are supposed to be elected every four years by popular vote, the srrial! matter of law is over looked and the President retains the office as long as he sees fit or until some other man is strong enough' to oust him. The important question is then settled by a revolution, the leader of the winning side taking the Presi dency and thus saving the people the trouble of casting votes. General Gutierrez, it is believed, was influenced purely by patriotic motives when he headed the revolution against the Ezetas. It is said they had been using, or rather misusing, their power toward private ends, making conces sions in return for financial considera tions, etc. A band of forty men met one night In Santa Anna, elected Rafael Antonio Gutierrez leader, gathered a thousand recruits, and Ftormed the Government stronghold. The Ezetas had heard mut terlngs of the coming storm, had pre pared themselves, and had forced into their army twenty thousand recruits. These men were duly armed and or dered to Santa Anna. It looked as though General Gutierrez would be powerless to match his little band against such apparently formidable odds. But it is one thing to lead a horse to ■water and another thing to make him drink. Of the 20,000 Government re cruits ordered to Santa Anna not 500 obeyed. The men took their arms and drifted off to their various homes. General Gutierrez and his followers easily captured the fort, took posses sion of the ammunition and made short, work of all opposition. When the Ezetas were ousted It was naturally supposed that Gutierre* would step into the vacant Presiden tial chair. The victor, however, dis claimed any wish to be President, much to the surprise of everybody. As far back as the memory of the oldest Central American went there had never been a man who had ever headed, a revolution execept to gain power for himself. Gutierrez, the victor, like Cincln natus of old, wanted to return to his coffee plantation and spend his life in peace and in rural pursuits. At least he said so. He suggested two of his generals as best fitted to assume the responsibili ties of the high office. But on all sides the cry went up: "Gutierrez! Gutierrez must be Pres dent!' It was finally decided that for a year he should be dictator and he accepted the trust. The revolutionists declare it was the old trick of Caesar being of fered the crown. At any rate to most of his countrymen Gutierrez proved a man of good common sense, thor oughly just and honest, and brave in battle. But time proved he was not fitted to cope with the baseness and intrigue of the Government depart ments. At the end of the year of dictator ship he was proclaimed President in spite of low mutterlngs of discontent. At first they were almost inaudible, but soon they swelled to a chorus that went rumbling up and down the land. Gutierrez discovered that each year swelled the list of his enemies alarm ingly. At the head of the discontented now are the merchants, especially those who love a President that in clines for a consideration to wink at smuggling. An honest President means smaller profits for such merchants. Then some of the office-holders at pres ent are carefully watched to prevent their filling their private pockets with public money. Added to these are the regular starved office-seekers, to whom a change in government is hailed as a chance for another lease of easy-going life. Of late coffee has been groins: darwn Continued on Pag* Tweoty-Xour.