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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, April 03, 1898, Image 20

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Active Campaign By the Governors of
Four States Against "Butch"
Cassidy and His 500
SALT LAKE, Utah, March 29.
IS9B.— "Butch" Cassldy is a bad
man. He is the worst man in
four States. These States are
Utah, Colorado, Idaho and Wy-
oming, and when the four Governors
met in secret conclave on Monday it
■was far the purpose of deciding upon
a plan of campaign against the most
notorious outlaw the West has ev*r
had to cope with. The achievements of
Jesse James and his followers pale into
tawdry insignr ance before those of
"Butch" Cassidy and his five hundred.
For several years— in fact, ever since
the Live Stock Commission drove the
Wyoming rustlers out of business in
jS92 — "Butch" his proven a thorn in the
flesh of Lfle authorities of the four
States in which carries on his oper
ations. He has laughed the militia to
Bcorn. Sheriffs and deputies he regards
with pity an 1 contempt. He is a pow
er unto himself.
After the ordinary methods of hunt
ing outlaws had been tried unsuccess
fully it was decided that drastic means
must be employed. Rewards have been
repeatedly offered for "Butch" Cassidy,
dead or live, and after each fresh out
break these rewards have invariably
been increased. If all the offers which
have been made from time to time hold
good, the slayer of "Butch " should he
ever live to claim his reward, would be
entitled to upward of $20,000 in blood
But the rewards have proven as fu
tile as have the efforts of the militia
and the deputy sheriffs. And that is
why Governor Wells of Utah, Governor
Adams of Colorado, Governor Richards
of Wyoming and Governor Steunen
berg of Idaho <"ot their heads together
to see what could be done. Just what
the result of thoir conference was has
not been divulged.
The Governors believe in still hunt
methods, and it is thought that a large
number of experienced mountaineers
and bandit hunters will be placed in
the field, each State to furnish its quo
ta, and that the bandits will be round
ed up in much the same fashion that
cattle are. Any attempt to exterminate
this desperate band is certain to be at
tended by bloodshed.
"Butch" and his band are the out
growth of the rustlers of six years ago.
Since then they have broadened their
field and increased their numbers. It
is no idle boast to say that the leader of
this notorious band has five hundred
men at his beck and call.
Their depredations are upon a scale
never before reached in the history of
frontier crime. All the conditions are
favorable to them. They know every
foot of the vast ter— itory in which they
operate, taking in, as it does, the wild
est and most inaccessible portions of
four States. Every man o£ them is
thoroughly familiar with frontier life
In its rougher phases.
The forces are subdivided into five
The Principal Strongholds of the Band— Teton Basin, Hole in the Wall, Brown's Park,
Power Springs and Robber's Roost— Are Indicated on the Map.
bands, each controlled by its own lead
er, with Oassidy as the supreme power.
The outlaws now practically control
the sparsely settled region extending
fmm Central Wyoming southwesterly
through Northwestern Colorado and
Utah, and almost to the Arizona line.
Marauding and murderous bands con
duct their raids without restraint. The
thefts of livestock run into the mil
lions. Ranchmen are murdered and
driven out of business, and the officers
of the law are powerless.
There are five camps where the
various bands make their headquar
ters, each of which is well nigh inacces
sible except to the bandits themselves.
Two of the most famous are "Robbers'
Roost" and "Hole in the Wall." The
former is in South Central Utah on the
San Rafaele River, a few miles west of
the Green River. The latter is hidden
away somewhere in that wild, moun
tainous district to the northwest of
Casper, Wyo.
The other camps are located in Teton
Basin, near the eastern border of
Idaho and south of the Snake River;
Powder Springs in Southwestern Wyo
ming, near Colorado, and about fifty
miles east of the Utah line; and Browns
Park, taking in the northwestern cor
ner of Colorado and the northeastern
portion of Utah. It is not definitely
known in just which State the Browns
Park camp lies, but it is thought to be
across the line in Colorado. .
Never before in the record of border
outlawry na.ve Western States bee.i
forced to form an offensive and defen
sive alliance against bandits such as
was entered into last week at Salt Lake
by the Governors of these four States.
The situation had become desperate
and a desperate remedy was required.
The five camps form a chain extend
ing for hundreds of miles. Between
these posts communication is main
tained by a regular system of couriers
and cipher dispatches, facilitating the
co-operation of two or more bands
when an enterprise of more than usual
magnitude is undertaken.
Thef=e reckless bands are composed of
men of the most reckless and desperate
character, long accustomed to deeds of
crime. Whenever a murder is com
mitted in the mountain States or a con
vict escapes from a penitentiary the
criminal flees to the nearest of these
retreats, where hVis safe from pursuit.
In this manner the ranks of the ban
dits have been recruited up to a
strength conservatively estimated at
five hundred. While each band has its
chosen leader, "Butch" Cassidy exer
cises some sort of authority over the
Each of the strongholds is both a ren
dezvous and a fortress absolutely im
pregnable. They can only be reached
by traversing deep and narrow gorges,
scaling lofty and rugged peaks and
penetrating the wildest recesses of the
Rocky Mountains. In many places the
only trail lies over a narrow shelf or
a precipice. Holes have been drilled,
into which in case of close pursuit dy
namite can be placed and the trail
blown from the face of the cliff into
the chasm below, thus baffling all pur
There are also many places where one
robber can hold fifty officers at bay,
and as the bandits are armed to the
teeth and will light to the last man.
any effort to exterminate them by the
ordinary processes of law is regarded
as a useless Sacrifice of life. In their
retreats are numerous caves, luxur
iously fitted up and containing subsis
tence sufficient for months. Thus are
the bandits enabled to set at defiancs
all the forces of law and order.
The outlaws roam the adjacent coun
try and smaller settlements without
molestation. Many settlers purchase
immunity by extending assistance in
various ways, and the robbers even ai
tend country dances and other func
tions, occasionally "shooting up" the
town or indulging in other forms of re
creation. It is only when close!-'- pur
sued by officers of the law that they ra
tlre to their mountain retreats.
"Butch" Cassidy, however, by reason
of the price upon his head, consider*
the higher altitude more conducive \o
his health and seldom ventures into
the towns, unless he is making a raid
or is surrounded by a band of his trusty
men, in which case he never fears mo
lestation. As a killer he has earned a
reputation during the last ten years
probably equaled in the West only by
that of "Wild iiill" Hickok, peace to his
Few men who know him would car«
to rouse his ire, for althoueh a man of
wonderful nerve, unlike most of his
class, he is possessed of a fearful tem
per. Sometimes it gets beyond, his
control, and then he throws all cau
tion to the wind and becomes utterly
About four years ago he was shot at
from ambush near Green River by a
cowboy known as "Hackey" Hughes,
whose only object was to secure the
reward offered by the State authorities
of Utah. lhe bullet pierced the lobe
of his ear, and the blood streaming
down his face acted upon Cassidy as a
red flag might to a maddenea bull.
With a howl of rage he turned his
horse just as another bullet passed
through the rim of his sombrero. A
puff of smoke from a clump of bushes
showed where the assassin was con
cealed. For picturesque profanity
"Butch" Cassidy hasn't his equal in
the States, and on that occasion he is
said to have fairly surpassed himself.
Ripping out a string of oaths that
would reach from Dan to Beersheba he
jumped from his horse and dodged be
hind a bowlder.
He waited for twenty minutes, and
then the cowboy shot the outlaw's
horse, which had been grazing in the
open. That was more than "Butch"
could stand. Throwing caution to the
winds he ran toward the clump of
bushes, with a pistol in each hand
barking at every step.
But Hughes, considering discretion
the better part of valor, had jumped on
his horse and succeeded in making
good his escape. But the vindictive
nature of "Butch" Cassidy asserted it
self. He had recognized his assailant,
and every member of the band re
ceived instructions to be on the watch
for him. Hughes left the Green River
country, and it was not until six
months later that he was located, on
the north fork of the Powder River up
in Wyoming.
Cassidy was notified, and with a
dozen picked men he reached the ranch
where Hughes was working. It was
during the spring roundup. The two
men met face to face. Hughes knew
what was coming and pulled his gun.
But he wasn't quick enough. Cassidy's
pistol cracked first, and the cowb'o>
dropped from his saddle with a bullet
through his right eye.
"That's the way I serve any
skunk that tries to shoot me in the
back." remarked Cassidy. "If any of
his friends want t take up the quar
rel I'm ready."
But if the dead cowboy had any
friends they failed to respond. "Butch"
Cassidy was well known, and it wasn't
safe to pick quarrels with him. So he
rode away with his escort, cursing the
cowboys for a pack of cowardly coyotes
Cattle-stealing is the chief source of
income to Cassidy and his fdlowers
One company alone in Central Utah
has lost 2000 head during the past two
years, worth at present prices $80 000
These were driven through Colorado
and into New Mexico. It is in driving
these stolen cattle from one State to
another and out of the cou.itry that
their system of co-operation is benefi
However, any operation that prom
ises adventure and financial reward is
never overlooked. Trains are held up
express companies and banks are
robbed, and even individuals, when
known to have money in their posses
sion, are relieved of their possessions
in true road-agent style.
There are women among these out
laws, too, who ride with them on their
Avild forays and take pride in their as
sociation with these bold and daring
freebooters. Even "Calamity Jane " in
the old days of her association with
"Deadwood Dick." cotild not surpass
these picturesque females in their wild
About a year ago "Butch" Cassidy
and "Bill" Ferguson, one of his trusted
lieutenants, dashed into the town of
Price in broad daylight, held up the
paymaster of the coal company and
rode off with $8000 before the crowd of
bystanders realized what had hap
pened. This is but a sample exploit.
Bank robberies are but side issues
•with them; merely incidental to their
grand chief occupation of cattle-steal
ing. If a victim resists or an officer
pursues murder is regarded as a pro
fessional duty, to be cheerfully per
formed, but they are not given to
wanton slaughter. In several instances
foolhardy officers who have invaded
their strongholds have been disarmed,
dismounted and sent home.
An instance of this kind occurred just
after the raid on the coal company at
Price. Two deputies traced Cassidy
and Ferguson to the lair at "Robbers'
Roost. ' They were fully twenty-four
hours behind, and their approach was
known long before they arrived at the
narrow trail leading up into the ren
dezvous. Cassidy was in a jovial mood,
and he conceived that it would be more
fun to capture the deputies and make
sport of them than to kill them. So he
acted accordingly.
The deputies were about half way up
the trail when, just at a bend around
a sharp noint of rocks, they heard the
shar.> co.nmand "Hands up!"
Half a dozen -uns were staring- them
in the face not twenty paces away. The
deputies realized that not to obey
meant sudden death. Up went their
hands. Cassidy stepped up to them,
roaring with laughter.
"You're a couple of fine dubs to come
and catch peaceable citizens, ain't
you?" he cried. "Gimme your guns.
Here, Buck," calling to one of his men
"search these tenderfeet, and if they've
got any tobacco you can keep it."
The outcome of it was that the depu
ties, relieved of everything but tjieir
clothing, were bound hand and foot to
their horses, conducted to the foot of
the pas» and sent about their business.
To add to their discomfiture a rudely
scrawled note was pinned on the breast
of each, which read:
Sent Out to Capture Butch Cainidy and
His Gang. When 'Found Send Us Home.
THE no-table achievements of
women are not confined to the
temperate zones. It is well known
that in 1S&1 Mrs. Peary accom-
panied her husband to McCor
mlck Bay, on the northwestern coast of
Greenland, where she wintered with
him at "Red Cliff House" (built by the
expedition), in 77 degrees 43 minutes
north latitude, and that last summer
she and her little daughter, Marie
Peary, approached still nearer to the
north pole, reaching Cape Sabine on
the Hope. This is the fatal spot from
which General Greely was rescued,
after the death of nineteen comrades,
and is 78 degrees north, within 6 de
grees of the "farthest north" on land,
that of Lockwood and Brainard in ISB2.
Mrs. Peary does not stand alone in
her achievements. Though her record
is spc-ken of as being unique, there are
two women, long since dead, who have
more than equaled her record.
In July, 1735, there sailed from Ir
kutsk, Siberia, down the Lena River,
into the Arctic seas, an expedition
commanded by a Russian, Lieutenant
Pronchistshef. He was in search of the
"northeast passage." On board the
ship was his bride, who, rather than be
separated rrom the man she had jusc
■wedded, cheerfully braved the penis —
more v rt >,ue and terrible then — of the
m.-rth, at his side.
The old records state that the ship
managed, despite the ice, to pass
through the most eastern mouth of the
Lena, and then sailed northwesterly
along the coast, in a passage between
the ice, not more than 100 or 200 yards
wide, almost reaching Cape Chelyuskin,
the northernmost land in Siberia; but
here they were stopped by ice, and here
they were forced to winter in latitude
77 degrees 4S minutes north. In order
to fully appreciate what- it meant for
a woman to do this, it must be remem
bered that in 1735 great ignorance pre
vailed as to the conditions of Arctic
life. The equipments of the Arctic ex
peditions on the miserable little sail
ing vessels, often hardly fit even to
sleep upon, were extremely meager and
could in no way bear comparison with
the carefully fitted up ships sent north
in this century.
The party of Pronchistshef lived
through the winter, suffering from
many fearful privations, and in the
spring they broke loose from the ice
and headed the ship back. And here,
near the mouth of the river Olenek, on
this homeward voyage, the courageous
little bride died. Her death was fol
lowed in two days by that of her brave
husband. Lieutenant Pronchistshef.
Thus ended the first Arctic romance.
This exploit remained unparalleled
for over a hundred years when Mine.
d'Aunet. in 1539, visited the island of
Spitzbergen, on board the ship La Re
cherche, sent out by France, and com
manded Hy Captain Fabvre. There waa
also on board a committee of scientists,
who accomplished much valuable work.
La Recherche sailed to Magdalena Bay,
Spitzbergen, which is "9 degrees 35 min
utes north, two degrees farther north
than Mrs. Pronchistshef and one and
a half farther than Mrs. Peary. Mme.
d'Aunet, on her safe return home, de
scribes the , cemetery of fishers in Mag
dalena Bay, the men who lost their
lives on that bleak coast. It is the
farthest north of any burying ground
in the world.
"I counted fifty-two graves In this
cemetery," she says, "which is the most
forbidding in the wide world; a ceme
tery without epitaphs, without monu
ments, without flowers, without remem
brances, without tears, without regrets,
without prayers; a cemetery of desola
tion, where oblivion doubly environs
the dead, where is heard no sigh, no
voice, no human step; a terrifying soli
tude, a profound and frigid silence,
broken only by the fierce growl of the
polar bear or the moaning of the
There is a woman now in New York
who has had most serious misfortunes,
and yet, in her grief and helplessness,
has shown rare perseverance and ener
gy at the critical moment.
Only a few weeks ago she and her
husband lived in a comfortable home in
a western city. They owned the prop
erty and had been moderately well to
do. But the husband died very sud
denly. Then the insurance on the house
ran out, and soon the widow found It
necessary to dispose of the property.
Pending- the negotiations, the house
burned to the ground, and although the
widow escaped, everything in her pos
session had been consumed. She had
to borrow clothes before leaving for
New York, where she had friends.
She resolved not to allow her grief
to have a serious effect upon her, but
to find some immediate source of sup
port, and took the first opportunity that
offered. She had made a specially
wholesome graham bread fo.r a friend
here who was suffering with indiges
tion, and his appreciation of it at once
suggested a means of support— she
would bake and sell bread. Calling at
neighboring residences and boarding
houses, she at once took orders for all
she could bake, delivered the bread tho
same day, and secured regular custo
mers. With the proceeds of successive
sales she took in a large supply of ma
terials, and is steadily increasing the
profits. She declares that with her
ambition she will not remain poor long,
and will soon make a big success of her
Odd Law That Forbids Marriages Till
the King Is Wedded, so Aff Good
Koreans Are Patiently
LL Koreans are overjoyed at the
assurance that their King is go-
I J ing to be married again at an
f\ early date. Legally, there has
I been no marriage in Korea since
/ the Queen's murder two years
ago. The King's marriage means a
great deal to the people of marriage
able age, for if the King be single, the
law says that no marriage may take
place in the land till he marries. The
King takes precedence in matters mat
rimonial and all good Koreans who
abide by the letter of the law religious
ly and patriotically postpone their wed
ding days till the King officially greets
his royal spouse.
The strict letter of this law is not de
voutly observed throughout all classes
of Korea, The common people do pretty
much as they please in the matter, for
the authorities realizing the antag
onism it would raise, do not prosecute
them if they marry.
Among the better classes and the no
bility, though, no one thinks of marry
ing. To do so means instant loss of
caste. The Korean four hundred will
never open its doors to people who have
married while the King was single.
As marriages in Korea are arrange
ments in which personal inclinations
never play any part, it is not so- diffi
cult to refrain from marrying. The
Korean never falls in love. It is not
considered the proper thing to do. All
necessary arrangements are made by
the two families who wish their chil
dren to intermarry. The two people
most interested are never consulted at
Since the murder of the Queen none
of the members of good families have
married. But the people have long been
impatient for the King to marry, so
that it might be permissible for them
to follow his example.
Over a year ago they began to ex
press their discontent openly The
King's advisers pleaded with him then
and pointed out to him that unless he
married, serious consequences might re-
The King looked about him for a
wife, and. forgetful of his three-score
years, hit upon a maiden of noble fam
ily not yet sixteen years old.
His Ministers frowned upon his choice
and used every effort to dissuade him
The King for some time declared that
he would marry the girl despite their
advice to the contrary, but the Minis*
ters finally succeeded in convincing him
that it would be folly. For the Koreans
would rather that their Xi z. should re
main single forever than that he should
so far forget time-honored customs as
to marry a girl so much his junior.
The Koreans, like the Chinese and
Japanese, do not countenance mar
riages when there is a great disparity
in the ages. The sunbeam kisses not
the moonbeam they say.
Although the King was willing to
give up the maiden of his choice, he re
fused for a long time to consider any of
the other damsels that wereoffered him
by his advisers. Of late the clamorings
of the people for the remarriage of their
Kinc have grown so persistent that he
has yielded to the importunities of his
Ministers and has agreed to marry the
lady they 'nave selected for him.
The future Korean Queen is said to
be about thirty years oid and very
handsome, according to the oriental
standard of beauty. In this she differs
from her predecessor, who was an ex
ceedingly plain-looking woman. In ad
dition, the future Queen is simply as
intelligent, or rather, as unintelligent,
as her countrywomen, while the mur
dered Queen was considered clever, and
was remarkably well informed consid
ering her advantages. Her influence
over the King was supreme, and he
consulted her on all matters of public
as well as private interest. Her judg
ment swayed all his actions and her
power was evident in every branch of
the Government.
In selecting this wife for the.Kincr th 9
Ministers have been very careful to
choose one who will not usurp their
During the twenty-five years that the
murdered Queen shared the throne •>£
Korea, she practically ruled the nation.
Like other Korean girls, she received
little or no education, but she was a
constant and serious student. She read
all tho books that could be obtained
at the English mission schools and was
aware that there were nations far more
advanced than the Koreans. Never
theless she had that inborn hatred for
the Japanese which is the birthright of
every Korean, and for this reason there
are some who believe she was put out
of the way by a Japanese.
National Korean dislike for the Jap
anese dates back 400 years. A mijrhty
Japanese warrior, living at that time,
with but a handful of men succeeded
in conquering as large an army as K<->
rea could muster. Of this feat of
arms the Japanese are proud and in
their text books the warrior who ac
complished it is given the place of
honor. The Koreans have never for
gotten the ignominy of the defeat and
have a deep-rooted aversion for every
thing Japanese. All their customs and
laws more clearly resemble the Chi
nese to whom they are veFy partial.
The murdered Queen did not hide her
dislike for the Japanese, for in spite
of the knowledge she had acquired, she
was still a Korean, and as such could
not tolerate the. Japanese The Minis
ter from Japan was subjected to all
manner of indignities. Her family,
who were all-powerful in Korea, owing
to her influence with the King, made
thiners particularly uncomfortable fo..
the Japanese located in Korea.
One night some one entered the
apartments of the Queen by stealth and
murdered her. It was claimed that the
murderer %vas a Japanese. An Amer
ican living in the capital confirmed this
report. He had seen the Japanese slip
into the royal house and come out with
stains of blood on his garments.
The Koreans asserted that the p^sas
sin was but the instrument of the Jap
anese Minister in Korea, and that the
murder had been done at his instiga
tion. Japan finally recalled the Min
ister and sent another in his place, thus
averting serious trouble.
The King, now that his wife is dead,
is easily managed by his Ministers. The
murdered Queen's family have been
stripped of their power, and have
sought refuge in China.
The new Queen will not occupy the
prominent position of affairs that her
predecessor did. The people do not
care what manner of woman the Kin?
marries, so long as she is of a suita
ble age. But what they do wq.nt Is
that he shall marry at once, so that
marriage may again be strictly legal In

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