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VOLUME LXXXIII.— NO. 140.
THE NATION'S VOICE FOR WAR WITH SPAIN SPANIARDS FEEL CUBA IS LOST TO THEM NOW They Will Not Surrender Their Hold Upon the Island With- | out a Hard Fight. ■ .^t^.!. IBM. by James Gordon Bennett. MALRID, April 18.— All eyes are directed toward Washington to-day. It is felt that the Cuban question has entered upon its last stage, and that the chance for a peaceful solution is a very slender one. namely, whether the House stands firm and keeps to its non-committal attitude or allows itself to be influenced by the example of the Senate. The way this nation regards the question is shown by the fact that now the resolution of the House is felt still to leave a loophole for a peaceful settlement, whereas only a short time ago such a resolution would have been looked upon as equivalent to a declaration of war. This change in sentiment has been further helped by the speeches of Senators Wellington and White. There is really no bellicose feeling here in administration circles. Neither is the feeling a sullen one in bowing to the inevitable. It seems, however, to be felt that war is being forced on the country, and that it could not be avoided, no matter what sacrifices were made. NEWS OF THE DAY. Weather forecast for San Fran cisco: Cloudy on Tuesday, with fog in the morning; fresh westerly wind. Maximum temperature for the past twenty-four hours: San Francisco 60 degrees Portland 54 degrees Los Angeles 70 degrees San Diego 62 degrees Sacramento 82 degrees FIRST PAGE. Congress Declares for War. Spain Sees Cuba Already Lost **" SECOND PAGE. Marines to Lead Invaders. Troops Ready to Move. New Squadron for Defense. Spain's Work in Cuba. THIRD PAGE. Congress Will Set Cuba Free. Riots Occur in Porto Rico. FOURTH PAGE. The Deadlock of the Finlgans. San Rafael Flower Show. Burled by Caving Earth. Church Work In Early Days. Veterans Take Nevada City. Bring Gold From Dawaon. FIFTH PAGE. New Army Hill to Pass. Eastern Baseball Games. Racing at Ingleslde. Supervisors Do Not Limit Racing. Editorial. SIXTH PAGE - Congress Has Spoken. Remember the Maine. Democratic Governors. An Evident Misconception The Yellow Ingalls. The Telelectroscope. Answers to Correspondents. Why the Bulletin Was Angry. . SEVENTH PAGE. Meeting of the Ministers. Plans for the Masonic Home. News From Across the Bay. NINTH PAGE. Births, Marriages and Deaths TENTH PAGE. Sam Wall on Klondike Output ELEVENTH PAGE. Oakland Water Front Fight. Why the Vigilant Was Not Bold The Klamath Lumber Case. Beer May Be a War Luxury. TWELFTH PAGE. The New Charter. NINETEENTH PAGE. The Commercial World. TWENTIETH : PAGE. Democrats Go to War. New« Along the Water Front. The San Francisco Call SPANISH TORPEDO DESTROYERS UNDER SAIL. SPANISH FLEET STRIPS FOR ACTION. ST. VINCENT. Cape Verde Is lands, April 18. — Should war be declared the Spanish fleet, con sisting of the cruisers Cristobal Colon and Infanta Maria Teresa, the torpedo-boat destroyers Ter ror, Pluton, Ariete, Rayor and Azor, now anchored in this har bor, will leave at once for Cuba. On all the ships the utmost rest lessness prevails among officers and men, because of the uncer tainty as to the time for action. No shore leave is being granted to any man on the ships, as it is expected that word to move may come at any moment. The cruisers Vizcaya and Al mirante Oquendo, which sailed from Porto Rico, are expected to join the fleet here by Wednes day. The vessels here now are stripped for action and ready to sail at a moment's notice. The Spanish transport San Francisco arrived here this afternoon, hav ing on board a cargo of coal in tended for the Spanish squadron. Every one appears to realize that Spain's actual hold on Cuba is lost, but at the same time the people are united in a determination to cling to the sentimental bond that still ex- ists between the mother country and the island. Ido not think any one really hopes to keep that bond intact should war break out, but all are determined to make the victory of the Americans a dearly purchased one. A Spaniard, who has large inter ests in Cuba, said to me to-day: "I hold that the Government ought to give Cuba the broadest liberty, but I would fight heart and soul against giving up the nominal hold on the island. If war comes, you may bo sure it will not be a short one. Not only will you have our forces and the loyal Cubans to fight against— , both bodies acclimatized and inured to hardship— but you will also have to contend with the natural difficul ties of the place, with the rainy sea son that will shortly begin and with the fever that is epidemic there." There were renewed disturbances | at Valencia yesterday in which the women participated. Before order was restoreu the gendarmes were compelled to make two charges upon the mob. Although Sunday morning passed quietly at Barcelona, there was a demonstration last evening when the crowds which gathered in front of the newspaper offices read the latest announcements of the action taken by the United States Senate in re gard to Cuba. After it became knovni that the Senate had adopted a resolution favoring the recognition of the. present Cuban insurgent (*ov ernment, there was a scene of the greatest excitement, and patriotic shouts were raised on all sides. When tha students neard the news, on leaving the theaters, the pa SAN ERANCISCO, TUESDAY, APRIL. 19, 1898 — TWENTY PAGES. DON MANUEL SOMOZA, Commander of the Torpedo-boat Arlete. DON CLAUDIO AL VARGONZALEZ, Com m ander of i he Tor pedo-boai Azor. DON FRANCISCO be la ROCHA. Commander of the Torpedo-destroyer Tirror. THE CHIEF AND COMMANDERS OF THE FIRST SPANISH TORPEDO SQUADRON. (From Picture Juil Received by Tauzy & Co , Post Street.) raded the streets, cheering for Spain and made an attempt to reach the United States consulate. The au thorities, however, had taken precau tions, and the students and others who took part in the disturbance were dispersed. The report is that Spain has pro posed a loan to leading financial houses, including the Rofhschiids, asking the sum named on the secur ity of the Almaden mines. The Rothschilds decline to confirm or deny the rumor. DYNAMITE ROMB AT A CUBAN CHURCH. An Explosion Causes the Death of Three Persons and Serious In jury to Others. Copyrighted. 189S, by James Gordon Bennett. HAVANA, April 18.— Latest advices from Alfonso Doce are that the explo sion of a dynamite bomb took place at the Church of San Francisco de Paula at 8 o'clock last night. It occurred at the main entrance. Those killed were: Jose Larino, sacristan. and Tuan Growcs. Ramon Fondora, a child, was so seriously injured that he died soon after. Pedro Dago, a policeman, and Luis Perez, child, were also wounded. The usually peaceful neighborhood was terribly frightened by the noise of the explosion and people- crowded about the scene, stupefied at the first sight of the mangled bodies and de struction wrought. The church doors were smashed to pieces, and also several images. The explosion greatly damaged the main wall of the church. The windows and glass in the doors of the house of Dr. Fucntes in Adams street, near the church, were blown out. The whole community is denouncing with the greatest indignation the per petrators of this horrible crime. MADE SPECIAL AID TO SECRETARY ALGER. PHILADELPHIA, April IS.—Presi dent Frank Thompson of the Perm DON FRANCISCO ARDERIUS Adjutam-Seoretary of the Chief of the bquadron. DON FERNANDO VILLAMIL, Chief of the Squadron. EXACTLY THE SAME AS A DECLARATION OF WAR WASHINGTON, April 18. — The resolutions as agreed on by both houses of Congress are as follows: Resolved, By the Senate and House of Represantatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled — First — That the people of the island of Cuba are and of right ought to be free and independent. Second — That it is the duty of the United States to demand, and the Government of the United States does hereby demand, that the Government of Spain at once relinquish its authority and government in the is/and of Cuba and withdraw its land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban waters. Third — That the President of the United States be and he hereby is directed and empowered to use the entire land and na val forces of the United States, and to call into actual service of the United States the militia of the several States to the extent as may be necessary to carry this resolution into effect. Fourth — That the United States hereby disclaims any dispo sition or intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction or control over said island except for the pacification therof, and asserts its determination when that is accomplished to leave the government and control of tho is/and to its people. RIOTING AT MALAGA LONDON. April 19.— A dis patch to the Daily Telegraph from Gibraltar says: A tele gram received there from Malaga reports a resumption of the riots at Malaga on Monday, and that the American Consul's negro servant was killed and persons in the crowd were injured. 6ylvania Railr .id has besn called upon to act as special aid Co Secretary of War Alper and in this capacity will take charge of tho transportation branch o£ the military service in the CONGRESS ORDERS THE PRESIDENT TO Mandatory Resolutions That Will Set in Motion at Once the Armed Force of the United States. DON ANTONIO RIZO, Commander of tho Torpedo-boat Rlzo. DON PEDRO VAZQUEZ, Commander of the Torpedo-de stroyer Pmton. event of active hostilities. The selec tion of President Thompson for this duty has been favorably commented upon in view of his experience during I the civil war as assistant to the then Assistant Secretary of War, Thomas A Scott, with duties similar to those at present entrusted to him. Infantry on the Move. OMAHA, April 18.— It was nearly 5 o'clock this afternoon before the trains bearing the Twenty-second Infantry grot away from Fort Crook. The troops at Forts Robinson and Niobrura will take tho trains to-morrow. The Rock Island nan tho contract for moving tho Infantry from Forte Sill and Rono and will have* ltd trains rendy to bo loaded on Tuesday morning. The eontraetn for moving the cavalry from these points and the Infantry from Fort Logan have not yet been let. The Dons Know They Will Lose Cuba, but Are Prepared to Make a Bitter Fight. NEW YORK, April 18.— The Herald's Washington cor respondent telegraphs: War it is to be so far as Congress is concerned. The die has been cast. With the final action of Congress, adopting the Turpie resolution, making it manda tory upon the President to demand of Spain the with drawal at once of her forces and authority from Cuba, and to use the United States land and naval forces to accomplish this result in case Spain re fuses to comply with the demand, there seems no es cape from war. It is practically equivalent to a formal declaration of war. DON DIEGO CAIVLIER, Commander of tht> Torpedo-de stroyer Kiiror. Congress has gone further than the President desired He preferred the House reso lution. This would have giv en him an opportunity for further negotiations before adopting the extreme course of using the military and na val forces to end Spain's mis rule in Cuba. The only possible escape now from war would be a treaty of peace between Go mez and the three Spanish Peace Commissioners report ed to have left Havana yes terday, and this no one here seriously considers possible. The final resolution leaves the President no other alternative than war. Most objectionable as it is to the Presi dent he will sign it, be cause he appreciates that Congress is the war making power and that it is his duty to carry out the will of the people as ex pressed by Congress. so long as that body does not encroach upon his consti tutional prerogatives. Having left out the provi sion requiring the recognition of the present so-cal.ed re- public of Cuba the President He will follow that body PRICE FIVE CENTS. GLASS TO HAVE THE CHARLESTON. NEW YORK, April 18.— A Washington special to the Her ald says: The first officers as signed to duty with the cruisers Newark and the Charleston, re pairs to which are being pushed at the Norfolk and Mare Island navy yards respectively, are Lieutenant-Commander W. H. Turner, who will be executive officer cf the former vessel, and Lieutenant-Commander G. Elock ing-er, who will have the same position on the Charleston. It is practically decided that Captain Henry Glass, captain of the Mare Island Navy Yard, will be placed in command of the Charleston. The Newark is a prize for which several officers ranking as captain are struggling. No de cision was reported up to the close of office hours to-night as to who will have command of this vessel. considers that the declarations in the resolutions are clearly within the province of Con gress, and that as the respon sibility for war rests upon that body he will carry out its declaration to the letter. Under the terms of the^ resolution he is first required to demand that the Govern ernment of Spain at once re linquish its authority and withdraw its land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban waters. It is expected that he will immediately ap prove of the resolu tion, and a note will be drafted at row's Cabinet meet ing which will bs in the form of an ulti matum. This will be cabled at ojice to Minister Woodford and a copy furnished to the Spanish Minister of this city, together with a copy of the text of the resolution passed by Con gress. Hardly any person anticipates for a mo ment that Spain will comply with the de mands which the [President will be forced to 'make. Certainly no member of the Ad ministration expects any such result. On the contrary, the authorities ara