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VOLUME LXXXIII.-XO. 143.
SPAIN LOOKS UPON THE ULTIMATUM AS VIRTUALLY A DECLARATION OF WAR MR. WOODFORD ORDERED OUT BY THE DONS Government of Madrid Considers That the President's Ultima tum Constitutes a Declar ation of War, , Copyrighted, 1898. by James Gordon Bennett, MADRID, April 21.— At last the varying phases of the Cuban question ha-ve been merged into a concrete is sue, with war as the arbiter. Even those who most dreaded such a solv ing of the problem are glad that the strain is over, that there is no more hesitation possible, and that, in fact, the ball has been set rolling. ■ The Spanish Government has brok pn off diplomatic relations with the United States. For the last couple of days there has been a noticeable feeling of restlessness, and even some little irritation, over the continued stay in Madrid of General Woodford. ' As I told you last night, the Span ish' Government had firmly decided to receive no ultimatum. One Minis ter said to me that it was an insult fox any nation to demand from an other the performance within forty eight hours of a physically impossi ble task, namely, the withdrawal of her huge military and naval forces from any point, so they determined to avoid the necessity for a reply by refusing further communication with the United States, and, as it was cer tain General Woodford would carry out his instructions to the letter, a sort of deadlock began to be feared. : The most serious questions that could possibly confront the country even threatened to take on a faintly grotesque aspect, and the presenta- > tion of the ultimatum- to degenerate i into a process resembling the serv- ! ing of a writ on the Government. ; An intimation was conveyed to uen eral Woodford that negotiations were | at an end between the two countries when Senor Moret called upon him to bid him adieu. When this somewhat broad hint j had no effect they were quite non- | plussed Finally, last night, shortly before the arrival of the cable mes sage to General Woodford from Pres ident McKinley containing the ulti- J matum, the Cabinet dispatched a j note to the United States Minister j officially informing him that diplo- \ matic relations were broken off, and j that no fui - ther communications were I possible between the two govern- [ The San Francisco Call REAR-ADMIRAL SAMPSON'S FLEET OFF KEY WEST. SPANISH FLEET AT CAPE VERDE. Copyright, 1898, by James Gordon Bati • nett. ST. VINCENT, Cape Verde Islands, April 21.— The Spanish cruisers, together with the torpe do boats and destroyers which wont out from here yesterday, are again In port. The vessels are preparing to leave at a mo ment's notice, their fires being banked. The commander of the fleet, I am told, is awaiting the arrival of additional cruisers, which are expected hourly. The trip of yesterday was only a short one for practice. ments. An end was thus put to a situation which was rapidly becom ing strained to the danger point. With the going away of General Woodford all lethargy has left the people. War specials are being cried in the streets. All the talk is war, every one is wondering where the first blow will be struck, and by whom. It seems certain that Spain will leave all initiative to the United States. . At the same time, all troops are being called out and massed at various points of the peninsula. Next week, at the very latest, large re inforcements will be dispatched to ' Porto Rico. In fact, a battalion ; has ! already been sent from Cuba to Porto ! T? inn en' no +n t*il opa 4- Via ]«<-<-..•,•. £«,! «., i i xvico, bu us iv piuue xne lesser island i in a better position for defense. From every point of Spain notices come of enthusiastic demonstrations, and the entire spirit of the people is compressed into the vibrating cry: • "Vive la Guerra." General Woodford left Madrid this afternon at 5 o'clock. An immense crowd gathered at the station, composed of all classes. A strong force of police and civic guards maintained order, while amid the crowd moved a large number of private detectives. A detachment of civil guards accompanied General Woodford to the frontier. The retir SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY, APRIL 22, 1898. NEWS OF THE DAY. Weather forecast for San Fran cisco: . Cloudy on Friday; fresh west erly wind. • ■ Maximum temperature for the past twenty-four hours: Pan Francisco.'.'..".'.'.'. .'..".'GO degrees Portland . ... r .O decrees Los Angeles..!...' 70 degrees San Diego. ,\.... 7...... ".. 62 degrees • Sacramento ................ 70 degrees FIRST PAGE. Spain Has Declared War. • . Woodford Ordered From Spain. The Ultimatum Not Received. ■ " '" SECOND PAGE. ' Flying Squadron Walts. Revolt In "Porto Rico. Havana's Mayor Indignant. Comparison of the Fleets. Massing at Chickamauga. THIRD PAGE. To Call for Volunteers. . Congress Prepares for War. Spain Will- Resist Stubbornly. Blanco Calls to War. War Spirit on the Coast. FOURTH PAGE. State Treasurer Rackliffe Dead. Shot Mistress and Himself. Grand Jury Is After. Rogues. Commander of the G. A. R. Chinese Fire a Mining Town. Editor Smith in the Cabinet. Vessels Long Overdue. FIFTH PAGE. News Along the Water Front. Epworth League Meeting. SIXTH PAGE. Editorial. Let the Sick Be Remembered. The Sere and Yellow Chief. Submarine War Vessels. The Privateering: Problem. Freight Rate Discriminations. Stories From the Corridors. Answers to Correspondents. SEVENTH PAGE. Gas Company Holds Money Illegally. The Masonic Festival. .';" v.: EIGHTH PAGE. Governor Budd Will Lead the Troops. Forming the Red Cross Society. V NINTH PAGE. Racing at Ingleslde. Patriotism on the Diamond. TENTH PAGE. The Commercial World. ELEVENTH PAGE. News From Across the Bay. San Rafael Flower Show. TWELFTH PAGE. Tried to Drlbe a Lawyer. Train ' Robber's Accomplice Caught. * THIRTEENTH PAGE. Births, Marriages, Deaths. ' FOURTEENTH PAGE. Heavy Order for Cables. » -How Widber Took the Money. Insane Through . Love. ing Minister maintained his usual calmness, but looked worn and fa tigued. At this afternoon's Cabinet coun cil Senor Sagasta addressed the Queen Regent thus: "In this solemn moment when the first cannon shot is almost audible, the Government is prepared to assume the entire respon sibility for its decisions, but consid ers it opportune that the Queen Re gent should hear the opinion of all the present leaders and influential men of all parties, as well as the principal generals." According to this proposal, the Queen Regent will commence the consultation this evening. The semi-official Correspondencia this afternon says: "Spain's feel ings have been outraged to the high est point by the injustice, coarseness, THE ULTIMATUM THAT SPAIN DID NOT RECEIVE Woodford Given His Passports Before He Could Deliver Pres- ident McKinley's Note. WASHINGTON, April 21.— The following statement of the text of the ultimatum to Spain was issued to-day: Yesterday, April 20, 1898, about 11 o'clock, the Department of State served notice of the purposes of this Government by delivering to Minister Polo do Bernabe a copy of an instruction sent to Minister Woodford and also a copy of the resolutions passed by the Congress of the United States on the 19th instant. After the receipt of this notice the Spanish Minister for warded to the State Department a request for his passports, which were fur nished to him yesterday afternoon. A copy of the instruction to Woodford is herewith appended. " Woodford, Minister, Madrid — You have been furnished with the text of a joint resolution voted by the Congress of the United States on the 19th instant — approved to-day — in relation to the pacification of the island of Cuba. In obedience to that act the President directs you to immediately communicate to the Government of Spain said resolution with the formal de mand upon the Government of Spain to at once relinquish its authority and government in the island of Cuba and withdraw its land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban waters. "In taking this step the United States hereby disc/aims any disposition or intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction or control over the island, except for the pacification thereof, and asserts its determination when that is ac complished to leave the government and control of the island to its people under such free and independent government as they may establish. "If by the hour of noon on Saturday next, the 23d day of April instant, there be not communicated to this Government by the Government of Spain a full and satisfactory response to this demand and resolution, whereby the ends of peace in Cuba shall be assured, the President will proceed without further notice to use the power and authority enjoined and conferred upon him by the said joint resolution to such an extent as may be necessary to carry the same into effect. S HER MA N." The following is the dispatch received by the State Department from H/limister Wood ford: "MADRID, April 21, 1898.— Sherman, Washington— Early this morn ing, immediately after the receipt of your telegram, and before I had com municate ' the same to the Spanish Government, the Spanish Minister for Foreign A fairs notified me thai diplomatic relations are broken between the two i.tun ries and that all official communications between their respective representatives have ceased. I accordingly asked for safe passports, turned the legation over to the British Embassy and leave for Paris this afternoon. Have notified all Consuls. WOODFORD." bad faith and insults of all kinus heaped upon her by a vile people with the most ignoble passions and basest feelings. We could easily re turn blow for blow, but Spaniards "WASHINGTON, D. C. April 20, 1898. never use such weapons, which are forbidden in any civilized country." In conclusion, the Correspondencia expresses confidence in the eventual triumph of justice. WOODFORD SO INFORMED BY GULLON McKinley Takes Up the Gage Thrown Down by the Dons. Ordered the Fleet to Havana to Begin the Blockade of Cuban Ports That Will Open the Conflict. MADRID, April 21.— The following is the text of the note received this morning by General Woodford from Secretary Gullon, Minister of Foreign AFfairs : "Dear Sir: In compliance with a painful duty, I have the honor to inform you that there has been sanctioned by the President of the republic a resolution of both chambers of the United States which denies the legiti mate sovereignty of Spain and threatens armed interven tion in Cuba, which is equivalent to a declaration of war. The Government of her Majesty has ordered her Minister to return without loss of time from North American terri- Tory, together with all the personnel of the legation. "By this act the diplomatic relations heretofore exist ing between the two countries and all of the negotiations between their respective representatives cease. "I am obliged thus to inform you, so that you may make such arrangements as you think fit. I beg your excellency to acknowledge receipt of this note at such time as you deem proper, taking this opportunity to reiterate to you the assurances of my distinguished consideration. P. GULLON." NEW YORK, April 2i— The Herald's Washington corre spondent telegraphs: Andnow it is war in earnest. Moment ous events have passed quick ly within the past twenty four hours. But while history has been made to= day, the events of to= morrow may cast into obscurity those which have led up to the crisis. The peaceful blockade of Havana under existing'condi tions seems impossible, and no one supposes for a moment that the American fleet under command of Rear Admiral Sampson, now engaged in blockading Havana harbor, can remain in these waters an hour without the first shot being fired that precipitates a conflict which may go down to posterity as the greatest sea battle of modern history. The guns from our Ameri can vessels may open up the pathway to peace and pros perity in Cuba, but one day's work will only be the begin ning and not the ending of the Hisp a n o- American wa r. Dropping all talk of causes which have led us to make the fatal plunge, military and PRICE FIVE CENTS. SAILS TO-DAY I FOR HAVANA KEY WEST, April 21.— At 12 o'clock this noon the recall guns boomed from the fleet, ordering all the officers and men who were ashore to rejoin their ships forthwith. At nightfall, how ever, there had been no move ment of the fleet, and there is not likely to be any before morn ing, as the Cincinnati and Mar blehead have been ordered to the docks to take on coal and water. April 22, 2:35 a, m.— The war ships lying in the harbor are ap parently drawing nearer the flagship. Two are now moving out. They are thought to be the monitor Amphitrite and the gun boat Helena. The signaling is continuous and the searchlights of the lowa and the New York are industriously sweeping the waters of the outer harbor. The entire fleet will sail at 9 a. m. naval strategists have come to the front and will occupy the field of speculation for fu ture — how long no one can tell. Already they differ in their views as to the duration of the war. They all agree that swift and vigorous will be the stroke delivered by the Amer ican navy to put an end to Spanish misrule in Cuba. But the loss of Cuba to Spain does not mean an end of the war with Spain. The members of the Strategic Board who have been watching Spanish move ments do not anticipate a vig orous resistance in defense of