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VOLUME LXXXIIf.— NO. 182.
CERVERA`S FLEET PENNED IN SANTIAGO HARBOR COMMODORE SCHLEY HAS SO REPORTED There Is No Escape for the Dons from the Ships * on Guard. Obpyrtgrhted, 189 S. by James Gordon Bennett. MOLE ST. NICHOLAS, Hayti, May 29. — i can state positively that Commodore Schley has a part, if not all, of the Spanish fleet bottled up in Santiago har bor. This had been sus pected for several days, but it was not defi definitely known until this morning, when Captain Sigsbee of the St. Paul, who has been cruising off the harbor for the past week, steamed close enough todistinctly see two cruisers of the Vizcaya class and two torpedo-boats lying just inside the mouth of the harbor. It is believed that the rest of Cervera's squadron is also there. The St. Paul has been watching Santiago for eight days. Sigsbee thinks that two Spanish torpedo boats ventured out of the harbor Saturday night to attack the St. Paul, but, anticipating such a move, he changed his position every night in order that they could not locate him. To-day Commodore Schley took up a posi tion with his entire squadron to prevent the escape of Cervera. He hopes the dons will come out and fight. The opposing fleets are about of equal strength. The Herald-Call tug passed Sampson's fleet of eighteen ves sels fifteen miles east of Cardenas Friday at 3 o'clock in the after noon, headed west. It is probable that Admiral Cervera will remain Jnside and postpone an engagement indefinitely, but the blockade will be effectively maintained. NEW YORK, May 29.— The Herald's Washington correspon dent says: Spain's fleet is definitely located and securely locked inside the Santiago harbor. This is now an official fact. In ad dition to the Herald's cable from Mole St. Nicholas, Hayti, giving this gratifying information, I am authorized by the Navy Depart ment to state that Commodore Schley has reported to the Secre tary of the Navy stating definitely that he has personally observed Cervera's fleet in the harbor. Commodore Schley's message to the department is brief. The text has not been given out for publication, but Lieutenant Whit tlesy, the officer on duty at the Navy Department, acting under previous instructions from Secre- SPANIARDS CELEBRATE "VICTORIES." SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, May \ 28.— Spanish citizens in Costa i Rira are celebrating with joy to- j day news of the bombardment of j Boston, Galveston, Mobile and ; Pensacola by the Spanish fleet, i Their satisfaction is increased i by the news of the total destruc- ] tion of the American vessels in \ rr ÜbanU ban waters by the Spanish ' navy. I The San Francisco Call tary Long, authorized the state ment that Commodore Schley had reported as above. U. S. REGULARS ON THE WAY TO CAMP RICHMOND. The information was cabled from Mole St. Nicholas, Hayti, and was taken there direct from Santiago by the scouting vessel St. Paul. Cable messages were sent to Admiral Sampson at Key West to-night advising him of the grati fying intelligence conveyed by Commodore Schley's message. This was done in order to prepare him for the important work which will now devolve upon his squad ron in co-operation with the army in laying siege to Havana. Com plete and definite arrangements will be decided upon by the Presi dent after consultation with the war board and members of his cabinet to-morrow morning. Admiral Sampson is holding a large fleet off Havana ready to clear a landing for the troops as soon as the War Department gives the signal. All the transports necessary for the movement of the largest force that may be sent are now at Gulf ports, and the Gov ernment is paying $25,000 a day for their services until their work is finished. They will be used at the earliest possible opportunity, which it is believed will be as soon as Schley solves the mystery of Santiago harbor. SAW AND RECOGNIZED THE SPANISH FLEET Commodore Schley Reports That He Has Admiral Cervera Safely Bottled Up. WASHINGTON, May 30.— At 12:30 o'clock this (Monday) morning the Navy Department received a dis patch from Commodore Schley an nouncing definitely that he had located Admiral Cervera's Cape Verde s<juad ron In the bay of Santlgo de Cuba. The SAN FRANCISCO, MONDAY, MAY 30, 1898. TWENTY THOUSAND TROOPS FOR THE PHILIPPINES Call Office, Riggs House. Washington, May 29. The President to-day took highly significant action in increasing the number of troops to be sent to the Philippines from 12,000 to" 20,000. Urgent orders were issued to the commissary department to provide 1 .iforms, tents, rations and equipment, and the ordnance bureau to supply arms and ammunition. In both cases the offi cials were directed to place the prompt equipment of the additional troops for the Philippines expedition before all other considerations, and to sacrifice all other interest?, that might interfere with the early departure of Admiral Dewey's re-enforcements. The 8000 additional troops will be embarked at the earliest moment, but it does not follow that the volun teers now being mobilized on the Pacific Coast wii,l be sent to Manila. The War Department has developed a theory regarding the special characteristics of men desirable for service in the Philippines, and while details are not given to the public, it is stated that great care will be taken in the selection of this new contingent and that it will be drawn from various p?rts of the country. The distance from the port of embarkation will not be an important consideration, for the reason that troops can be sent from^any State to San Francisco before their equipment can be made reaJV. The mainspring of the President's action in enlarging the expedition to the Philippines is believed to be his desire first that the foothold of the United States in the islands shall be absolutely secure, especially in the event of an cirly peace, and. second, that good order shall be maintained there throughout the occupancy of the islands by the American forces. The President dreads the possible results of a" insurgent victory over the Spanish troops, which might be followed by bruta! excesses that Admiral Dewey with his present force would be powerless to prevent. The eyes of the world are now upon us, the President realizes, and our responsibility for the proper conduct o- affairs in the Philippines, where we have practically disarmed the Spanish authorities, is a ll£a#y one. It must be discharged in such a way that no European nation can find an excuse for interfering. I commodore states that he has seen and ! recognized the vessels of the Spanish ; fleet. "While the navy officials have been ' morally certain for several days that j Cervera's squadron was In the harbor j of Santiago, the official announcement I from Commodore Schley was received by the officers on duty at the depart ment with intense satisfaction. Assur ance is now doubly sure that the Span ish fleet is bottled up and that the cork is in the bottle. It is not believed that Admiral Cer vera will attempt to escape from the predicament in which he now finds himself, as such a course would surely result in the destruction of his vessels and the loss of many lives precious to Spain. The suggestion is made, how ever, that the Spaniards may blow up the ships rather than have them fall into the hands of Schley, as they cer tainly will if they remain in the harbor. The definiteness of Commodore Schley's dispatch would indicate that he has effected a landing near San tiago and made a personal investigation of the harbor. It would be impossible from the entrance to the bay definitely to see and recognize the Spanish ves sels, but by effecting a landing at some point on either side of the entrance a vantage point could be gained very likely from which the entire harbor could be examined. In all probability Commodore Schley or one of his trust ed officials has succeeded in performing this hazardous undertaking in order to obtain the valuable information con tained in his dispatch. It is impossible owing to the lateness of the hour, to obtain any official ex pression upon the news from Commo dore Schley. What effect the certainty that Cervera is practically helpless will have upon the plans of the naval sta tion with referr c to the invasion of Cuba can only be conjectured. The transportation of land forces to the island, it Is understood was delayed be cause of the uncertainty concerning the location of the Spanish squadron. If that understanding in correct the probability of an early Invasion of Cuba is strong. It is not unlikely that the movement of troops, which has been delayed from time to time, will be gin this' week, and that before the end of the week the United States forces will have obtained a substantial foot hold upon Cuban soil. WILL SINK HULKS IN THE CHANNEL Plans for Penning Admiral Cervera's Fleet in Santiago Harbor. NEW YORK. May 29.— The Herald's Washington correspondent sends the following: "I have no reason to change my belief that Admiral Cervera is still in the harbor of Santiago de Cuba. I have heard from Commodore Schley. All that I can say is that he is off the harbor of Panting. " These statements were . made to me to-night by Secretary Long, and it "g the first announcement as to the o--ra ting fleets recently made by him. The Secretary's advices from Schley were rc-eived yesterday, as stated in the I~erald this morninp. ' vlng been transmitted from Kingston, Jamaica, where they w«r« fll«d by C!u.nt.a.!n CL R. Cotton, commanding the auxiliary cruiser Harvard. Commodore Schley did not communicate with the depart ment to-day, but it is understood to night that he will inform Washington whether or not he has satisfied himself that Cervera is in the harbor and what steps he has taken to prevent his de parture. The fact that the Secretary and his official advisers stick so pertinaciously to the belief that Admiral Cervera has remained at Santiago de Cuba illus trates the confidence th-^y have in their source of information. Their - mfi dence may also be due to messages re ceived from Consuls stationed along the Isthmian coast and among the West Indies, some of which reached the department to-day, that the Span ish fleet had not been sighted in the neighborhood of thtir ports. While this information Is perhaps negative in character, the officials say that it indi cates that Admiral Cervera has not been cruising in the Caribbean Sea for a week at least; otherwise the Consuls or scouts would most certainly have picked him up and have reported con firmation to the department. It is known that the Spanish fleet put into Santiago ten days ago to make repairs and take on board coal, of which they stood in great need, according to reli able information furnished by Consul Smith, stationed at Curacoa, and state ments made by Captain R. B. Osbon in an interview published by the Herald this morning. The department has been advised that the reason why he failed to sail at an earlier date was that he sighted ships in the offing which he took to be American armorclads, hut which were in reality scouting ships. Commodore Schley arrived off the coast of Santiago on Wednesday, he having remained at Cienfuegos until Tuesday night. It developed to-day that the cause of Commodore Schley's failure to earlier sail for Santiago was his confidence that the Spanish fleet was lying at an chor in the harbor of Cienfuegos. In fact, in an official dispatch to the de Centinuwd on Second Page. FAR EAST AS A SCENE OF STRIFE Russia Competing With Great Britain for Amer- ica's Friendship. NEW YORK, May 29.— Trie Herald's Washington correspon dent telegraphs: Fearing an ef fort on the part of Spain to pre cipitate foreign complications by ceding to France or some other power the Philippine Islands, American representatives abroad are under instructions to closely watch negotiations of Spanish diplomats. While the authorities profess to have no knowledge of the reported protest of Germany to the cession of the Philippines to France, it is known that Em bassador White at Berlin, and Embassador Porter in Paris have . been carefully investigating the entire subject, and they are con vinced that in view of the atti tude of Europe a transfer will not be effected. It if? conceded in all quarters here that it would be a sharp diplomatic trick for the Madrid Government to attain the support of another power in return for such cession. It was pointed out to-day that Spain is still proprietor of the Philippines, for Rear Admiral Dewey. representing the American Government only has con trol of Cavite and Manila Bay. and in ternational law declares that In a con quest of country, sovereignty only ex tends as far as the conquest extends, and conquest gives the Invading enemy dominion as long as he retains his mil itary possession. Furthermore, the holding of conquered territory, is re garded in the eyes of international law as merely military occupation until its fate shall be determined by treaty of peace. The effect of a transfer of the Philippine Islands to France would make that Government an ally of Spain, and is what tha latter desires. Bussia would prefer that France get the islands rather than the United States for the reason that the policy of this Government would throw American and British interests in the same channel, undoubtedly resulting in an alliance of the two govern ments in such interests. Jealous of American trade, Germany would prefer; as dispatches .his morn ing indicate, that the Philippines be governed by several powers of Europe, and that they never pass under the sovereignty of the United States or Frarkce. It is no secret now that Pres ident? McKinley desired to escape from these prospective complications. Had he been guided solely by his own wishes, I understand, that he would have instructed Rear Admiral Dewey to withdraw from the ; Philippines as soon as he had destroyed the Span ish men-of-war. The sentiment of the country, however, required the con quest of the islands, and the pressure was so strong that the President was unable to resist it. Now. ; that troops have' been ordered to the : far East and that ; Rear Admiral Dewey ? has ' retained '•, possession ; of ; Ca vlt« and Manila. Hay. tVi<» Pn»M«n».w«« PRICE JfrV r E CE2TFS. come to the conclusion that the United States will be required to take and to hold the Philippines at least until a treaty of peace' is signed. That is as far as he cares to go in outlining his policy at this time. And in following such a policy, he appreciates that it is necessary to oppose any foreign inter vention looking to the wresting of the islands- away from American domin ion. It can be regarded as absolutely certain that this Government would earnestly protest against any Govern ment of Europe entering into negotia tions with Spain for the transfer of the Philippines. In this protest tne Ameri can administration believes that it would be joined by Great Britain. That Russia and Great Britain both believe the far east will be the scene of a great naval struggle in the near future naval officers believe from preparations both are makirg to put their forces in the Pacific in the best possible condition. If the Cramps establish a ship build ing yard at Port Arthur, as they con template doing, it is appreciated that it will he under Russian control nnd will give the Czar's Government a construc tion and repair station of great im portance in the event of war. Great Britain has been buying up all the steamer coal available in the west, and been storing it at Esquimalt, and now the latest report is that Russia contemplates placing contracts for ships with the Union Iron Works. Offi cials ascribe the placing of contracts with this firm and with the Cramps to the desire of Russia to show her friend ly feelings for this Government and its citizens and to prevent by such a dis play the development of the warm relations existing between the United States and Great Britain. One of sev eral of Russia's immediate objects in this move is to necessitate, if possible, the consideration of her position in re lation to the United States in case an alliance is proposed. THE TERROR`S ENGINES SLIGHTLY DISABLED The Spanish Transport Alfonso XIH Has ciailcd From. San Juan ' Heavily Provisioned. Copyrighted, IS9S. by James Gordon BennPtt. ST. THOMAS, D. W. 1., May 29.— The Spanish torpedo boat destroyer Terror is in the harbor of San Juan de Porto Rico. She is somewhat hampered by her engines being slightly disabled. Such occurrences are frequent in ihe Spanish navy since the discharge of the English and Scotch engineers The Spanish transport Alfonso XIII left San Juan Saturady heavily pro visioned, ostensibly for M*»yaguez, <>n the west coast of Porto Rico. Shells from the American guns are now being sold as curios in San Ju-ir.. At least iftve hundred of them were picked up, a large proportion of them bping unexploded. ADVERTISEMENTS. •*' flj*kH \ I^ove is th« 81 r — ~~r v£Sj I natural heritage If RjHT*jp * of man an at £§i fAiX-*, '.'ffiil I tractive young ill \J*^i:\ '^ p'• woman, now s it .'^s doomed to love- j| IV. v h less spinster- 1 \ '^^ A 3t^ U hood by ill- IKg 'V'-^KJ^r " health. No wo g : c'Lj^-V man should en- H|^r ~~" ter upon the du- r*r ties of ehood , who is not fitted by good health foi that position and for the responsibili- ties ot motherhood. 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