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MONDAY MAY 30, 1898 JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Proprietor. Address All Communications. to W. S. LEAKE, Manager. PUBLICATION OFFICE Market and Third Sts.. S. F. Telephone Main 1868. EDITORIAL ROOMS 217 to 221 Stevenson Street Telephone Main 1874. THE 6AN FRANCISCO CALL (DAILY AND SUNDAY) Is served by carriers In tbls city and surrounding towns for 15 cents a week- By mall $6 per year; per month I 65 cents. ____^_^__ THE WEEKLY CALL One year, by mall. $1.50 OAKLAND OFFICE 906 Broadway ! NEW YORK OFFICE Room 188. World Building DAVID ALLEN, Advertising Representative. WASHINGTON (D. C.) OFFICE Riggs Rone* .-/V."i"' C. C. CARLTON, Correspondent. CHICAGO OFFICE Marque Building C. GEORGE KROGNESS, Advertising Representative. BRANCH OFFICES— Montgomery street, corner Clay, open until 9:30 o'clock- 287 Hayes street, «pen until 9:30 o'clock- 621 McAllister street, open until 9:30 o'clock- 615 Larkln street, open until 9:30 o'clock 1941 Mission street, open until 10 o'clock- 2291 Market street, corner Sixteenth, open until 9 o'clock- 2518 Mission street, open until 9 o'clock- '06 Eleventh) street, open until 9 o'clock- 1505 Polk street, open until 9:30 o'clock- NW. corner Twenty-second ana Kentucky streets, open until 9 o'clock- AMUSEMENTS, Columbia—" The Now Dominion " CaMfornla— Hopkins Trans-Ocoanlc Star Specialty Co. Alcazar— "The Master of Ceremonial. Morocco's— "The Bottom of the Sea " Tlvoli— "The Poster." Orpheum— Vaudeville. Ihe Chutes-Zoo, Vnijfievllle. and "Visions of Art." I ;.i:.pia— Corner Mason and Eddy streets. Specialties. Sutro Baths— Swimming, AUCTION SALES... By H. L. Reed— Monday, May SO. Jewelry, at 1038 Market et., at 2 o clock. By KillipA Co.— Thursday, June 2, Horses, at San Mateo Stoes Farm, at lv o'clock. INCREASING ACTIVITY IN TRADE. COMMERCIAL reports from all sections of the country point to a further increase in the vol ume of trade. Last week it was the West that showed the greatest activity, but this week the East i? also expanding. The movement of merchandise is fully up to the normal at this season of the year, and in some sections it is above it. The bank clearings for the week were 29.4 per cent larger than for the cor responding week last year, and the failures were 245, against 257 for the same week in 1897 and 277 in 1896. Not a single large city in the United States showed a decrease in its bank clearings, while the gain in New York was 27.7 per cent, in Chicago 32.8 per cent, in Philadelphia 21.3 per cent, in Baltimore 40.7 per cent, in San Francisco 22.3 per cent, in New Orleans 1 1.8 per cent, in Minneapolis 32.8 per cent, and so on, showing that the gain in business as represented by these clearings was general throughout the country. The railroad earnings also exhibited a gain over 1897. The expansion of trade is not confined to two or three leading staples, but apparently characterizes the whole field of merchandise. Thus the iron trade, starting the month with the greatest production ever known, has made surprising progress with new orders, mainly for agricultural implements, though car building and structural work come in for a large share. The long-expected recovery in wool seems nearer realization, rather more business being re ported at almost all Eastern centers. Textile goods are likewise in better demand. Hides and leather have lately been tending upward, with an increased movement. The distributive trade of the whole coun try was never better. Provisions are still active and firm, with higher price-, for hams, bacon and lard at the principal packing points. The increase in railroad earnings for the week was 15 per cent, and the ship ments from Chicago, eastward during the first three weeks in May amounted to 389.000 tons, against 150,800 during the same period last year. This in creased movement was due to the enormous move ment of breadstuffs, the Atlantic exports of wheat and flour last week being 3,726,000 bushels, against 1,536, 000 last year. When the greatly advanced prices of grain this year are taken into consideration, the effect of this increase in the export movement on the coun try at large will be immediately realized. Wall street continues in a state of innocuous desuetude, to employ a famous phrase which has be come incorporated into the regular jargon of trade. The public still keeps aloof, and the professionals are perforce obliged to depend upon their own resources. Still, the feeling is bullish. As an influential factor in the situation the war has become a subordinate issue, as the large financial interests are paying more atten tion to the crops and railroad earnings than to the brush with Spain. It would not take much to start a general advance in Wall street, as the condition of general trade, as shown above, is brilliant, and Europe owes us something like $100,000,000, which is slowly finding its way into the capacious Yankee pocket. It is only a short time since we were a chronic debtor of Europe, but within the past year she has been bor rowing millions from us, and we are taking the first steps in becoming what England has long been — a great creditor nation. It is manifest destiny in a new form, and one little suspected by those who coined that phrase two or three generations back. The United States is rapidly becoming a great "world power" all around, and one which Europe cannot afford to qunr rd with, as France has recently learned to its chagrin. Locally things are quiet. We are approaching the summer season, when trade generally eases off. We are harvesting crops which are more profitable this year than for many years, pausing every now and then to cheer a passing regiment of soldiers or a fleet of transports conveying troops to our new possessions beyond the seas. Apropos of this, the acquisition of the Philippines will prove a bonanza to San Francisco if her mercantile bodies are energetic enough to see that nobody else gets the hanging plum. We are the natural shipping and receiving point for the Manila trade, and we ought not to allow the opportunity thus presented to slip through our fingers. A word to the wise is sufficient. The late rains continue to improve agricultural con ditions. Some damage has been done, but the' benefits derived more than counterbalance it. All indications point to a year of more than ordinary prosperity. Our grain and hay will probably sell high and our fruit crop will yield more than the usual revenue, as stocks of canned and dried fruit are practically ex hausted, and the incoming crop is not heavy enough to cause a glut. The quartering of large bodies of troops in this city is helping local trade in many ways, notably in provisions and clothing. There is considerable discussion as to the wisdom displayed by Cervera, which is in a measure useless. As nobody known what he has done, the basis for argument is at least frail. DECORATION DAY. ALL the solemn and patriotic services of the an nuak decoration of the graves of those who gave their live? that the republic might live will be observed to-day with a more ardent and fer vent feeling than has been felt for many a year past The ceremonies may not be statelier, the processions larger or the orations more eloquent than those to which we have been accustomed, but it is certain the responsiveness of the people will be more tender and more earnest. While we decorate to-day the graves of the heroes of the war that freed the slaves and kept the Union whole we cannot be oblivious of the fact that we arc now dedicating a new generation to the same arduous service of war in the cause of the nation. Around the sacred graves, beneath the glorious banner of the nation, there will gather to-day along with the Grand Army veterans a host of youths forming the Volunteer Army of the younger generation, who in their turn have taken up the sword and placed their lives at the service of their country. The thought which will be dominant in the minds of all to-day will be that of the complete success which under God has blessed the arms of the heroic Grand Army. To-day the Union is restored not only in ter ritory and in power, but in the loyal love of all hearts North and South. Lee and Wheeler and Butler, men who wore the gray with distinguished valor and mili tary skill, are types of thousands of veterans of the armies of the South who under Davis fought against the Union and are now demonstrating th;ir genuine loyalty to the flag by going forth under its folds to fight for the restored Union against a foreign foe. It is a significant fact which should be widely noted and profoundly reflected on that this is the first war in which the whole people of the United States have been united. During the Revolution there were many loyalists in all the colonies. Almost every family had one or more members on each side of the struggle. In ißt2 the republic was not yet a nation and the war was not cordially supported by thousands who be lieved that we ought to have sided with England against Napoleon rather than fight her. Large num bers of patriots of the North regarded the war with Mexico as an act of aggression on the part of slave holders for the acquirement of further slave territory, and in that, therefore, as in previous wars, there was a lack of that unity of sentiment which constitutes the true harmony of national life. There are no dissensions among us in this war. There are no sections or States of the Union holding back from it. no large classes of people averse to it, no poets who denounce it as Lowell and Whittier de nounced the war with Mexico. We are not only a mighty nation, we are a united, harmonious and mighty people with a common love of the flag, a common reverence for the constitution and a common aspiration for the accomplishment of a national des tiny of the highest moral and political grandeur. For this Great and momentous result we are prim arily indebted to the heroes of the Grand Army. The battles they fought won for us the strength and power to wage not only this war of to-day, but all wars that are to come. As we stand by their graves, remember ing what they did, considering what duties are re quired of the young volunteers around us and with earnest patriotism striving to solve the vast problem? which are already rising upon the horizon before us. we enn but recall the solemn words of Lincoln: "It is for us to dedicate ourselves to the great task remaining before vs — that from these honored graves we draw increased devotion to that causr for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that the nation under God shall have a new birth in freedom and that a government of the people by the people for the people shall not perish from the earth." FACTIONS AND RUCTIONS NO little surprise was felt throughout San Fran cisco by the announcement made yesterday that the gentlemen appointed by the Democratic State Committee to investigate the condition of the party in this city had reached the conclusion that neither of the contending factions claiming to be the regular Democratic City and County Committee had any virtue or validity in it. The conclusion was re cognized to be right enough, but the wonder was great that the members of the State Committee had sense enough to reach it. Discomfited, divided, disorganized and demoral ized, the shattered fragments of Democracy have been whirling around the vacuum where the head and the double tail of it went down in 1896. Many a wild eddy has been caused in different parts of the Union as a result of the whirling, but among them all there is no other eddy like that which swirls in this city. Here is confusion worse confounded and demorali zation reduced to old chaos and pure cussedness. Here are Phelans, Sullivans, Raineys, Buckleys, Maguires, Harneys, Poppers, McNabs and Patsy Bolivars skirling around in maddening mazes lost, with endless combinations made and broken, to the utter bewilderment of the beholder. It is surprising that the State Committee arbitrators, themselves involved in the general Democratic con fusion, could have so accurately diagnosed the dis order around them. Possibly they did not diagnose it at all. It may be they desired to have a city faction of their own, and pronounced all existing city factions no good as the shortest way of getting at it. At any rate they put up a faction of their, own and started a new ruction. There are now three Democratic com mittees in this city and county and the campaign is still young. It is a veritable devil's barber-shop of a party — the call is "next," but no man knoweth what is coming next. Senator White will not be a candidate for re election, Governor Budd will neither be a candidate for a second term in his present office nor seek the Scnatorship. Mr. Gould, satisfied with hi- place as a trustee of a lunatic asylum, where he has managed to get snug places for his relatives, will not run for anything unless the governorship should be forced upon him. The rats are leaving the sinking ship, and no one stays with it but the pirates, who believe there is still some boodle left in the old hulk and are hope ful of their ability to swim ashore with the plunder when the wreck sinks. Thus the fracas goes on with noise enough. The State Democracy has now devoured county Dem ocracy, but the end is not yet. Perhaps ere long a national committee will devour the State organization and then be in its turn swallowed by a fusion com mittee, and so the whole thing disappear into the vor tex of Populism and nothingness. Senator Teller says the United States ought to take ?11 Spanish territory which is outside of Spain itself. There are many who will agree with him, although not all would have the courage to say so in a public way. A war for the promotion of humanity cannot well stop while there is barbarism to be abated, and such there will be while the Spanish flag waves over a single colony. It is well to remember that while training for a fight it is not regarded as wise to gorge en pi» THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, MAY* 30, 1898. THE BEST NATIONAL GUARDSMEN. OUR much esteemed contemporary, the Boston Journal, commends as warmly as ourselves the request of General Merritt for an increased number of regular troops for the expedition to Man ila, but not for the same reason as ourselves. It holds that the regulars are more needed for the Philippine than for 1 the Cuban expedition because, "generally speaking, the best of the National Guardsmen are in the East and are concentrating at Tampa. Troops like our Massachusetts men are schooled and steady enough to fill the place of regulars." With regard to the West it says: "The National Guardsmen of Washington, Oregon, California, Colo rado and Utah are splendid material for an effective army, but as yet they are 'in the rough.' They have not the perfect equipment nor the opportunities for drill and discipline of the militia of the old Eastern States, and it is judicious policy on a great expedition of this kind to stiffen them with a powerful nucleus of the regular troops of the United States." There is nothing in this serene assumption of the superiority of Eastern volunteers over those of the West to find fault with. When all the trumpets of the nation are blowing blasts of war we must of course permit Massachusetts to blow her own little trumpet along with the rest. We quote the blast not to con demn it, but to approve it. The rivalry in war be tween the sections and the States of the Union will be as generous as that in times of peace. These little local patriotisms are feeders to the great stream of national patriotism and help to rouse men to high exertions by awakening a spirit of emulation among the soldiers of every State in the glorious galaxy of the Union. Of course we who live in the West know that this claim of a superior breed of guardsmen on the part of the Bostonian is simply an illustration of the per fection which can be attained in boasting by a strict de votion to bean 3 and culture, but we are not going to get angry on that account Massachusetts has no climate to brag about, nor any prunes; her poets are all dead, her magazines have gone to New York and her mills are going South, her statesmen are back numbers, her college professors are mugwumps, her best girls come West to hunt husbands, her largest pumpkins are not bigger than Californian strawber ries, and there is nothing left her now that is suffi ciently bright to inspire a boast of local loyalty except the uniforms of her ancient and honorable artillery. So with a large Californian tolerance we welcome the sounding challenge of the Boston bugle and will leave it for the hazards of war to determine what vol unteers shall show themselves most steady when the battle rages. For the present we content ourselves with pointing out that when the President called for volunteers from the National Guard the guardsmen of California responded at once and there was never an objection to the call. It was different in Massa chusetts. It took the Governor of that State and his officers a good long time to decide whether the Mas sachusetts guard could go at all or not as members of the Volunteer Army. In the first movement of the war, therefore, it was the West and not the East that furnished guardsmen best fitted to act with the promptness and unques tioning obedience of regulars. With that exception the claim of the Journal is all right, and we are glad to know that it approve? of General Merritt and has confidence that when they are no longer "in the rough" the Western volunteers will make a pretty good army. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. BY reason of the intense interest felt in the pre parations for the invasion of Manila and in the maneuvering of the hostile fleets in the West Indies the people have but little attention to give to the proceedings of Congress. In fact, if the • two houses would arrange for a prompt enactment of the war revenue bill the country would then be well sat isfied to see an immediate adjournment, leaving all other issues to be dealt with at the coming winter session. While waiting for the solution of the revenue con troversy, however, both houses have been transacting more or less business and have even ventured, by way of pastime probably, to put forward two propositions for amending the constitution. The House proposes an amendment which will provide for the election of Senators by direct vote of the people, and the Senate proposes one fixing the date of future inaugurations on May 4 instead of March 4. Each of these proposals has been before the public in one form or another for a long time, and has con siderable support among the people. Neither of them, however, is at all likely to be pushed to settlement at this time. The amendment changing the system of electing Senators would certainly precipitate a fierce contest with the conservative element of the people, and no party would care to enter upon such a conflict at this juncture. The proposed change in the time of inaugurating the President is one which ought to receive general support. The beginning of March is an unfit time for carrying out the ceremony of installing a new occupant of the White House and for making a new departure in the administration of the Government. Even this measure, however, will be confronted by so much conservative opposition it is not likely to make any progress at this session. Had both houses devoted their energies to a single one of the two propositions perhaps something might have been accomplished in the direction of procuring its enactment. As, however, the Senate has made one proposal while the House has made the other, neither of them can be considered as much more than a side issue. The statesmen of the two houses evidently regard constitutional amendment debates as very good and safe means of killing time, and each is sufficiently considerate of the other not to venture upon its preserves and not to use any of its ammunition. Arrest of milkmen who sell an impure article ought to continue until the last rascal of the lot is safely in jail. To adulterate milk is a crime somewhat after the style of poisoning a well. Those Cubans who were to devastate the island and drive the Spanish into the sea the moment Amer ican support was sure seem to have changed their minds. One reason for not getting excited about the plot to blow up the Oregon n,..; be found in the circum stance that there probably was no such plot. Since the war began somebody has always been getting "bottled up," but only by the astute Dewey has any occupied bottle been found. Not much interest will be taken in the Spanish ac count of the Manila fight. People are too busy now to read fiction. There are reasons for believing that the first shots to reach the Spanish ships will catch them in the stern, A LETTER FROM MR. MAGUIRE. WASHINGTON, D. C, May 21, 1898. Editor San Francisco Call— Sir: I have read with interest your recent edi torial attacks on me. Their chief qualities are falsehood and malice, or per haps a pretense of malice to cover some meaner motive. The attacks were not unexpected, as I had had an intimation that, the Evening Post being dis credited, The Call would be the bell-wether of the railroad newspaper flock. I found ample corroboration of this in the long and consistent records of some of the present guiding spirits of The Call as political henchmen of the South ern Pacific Company, and was therefore quite ready to credit the suggestion. While your attacks did not surprise me, I was surprised by your utter and shameless disregard of truth. I did not hope that you would be re strained from falsehood by the promptings of your rudimentary conscience, but relied rather upon your appreciation of the commercial value of truthful ness which, it is said, sometimes exerts a controlling influence even among less reputable men. Without giving the matter much thought, I did believe that the new management of The Call would, as a matter of business, keep up some semblance of the former honor of that once exemplary journal. But I have been disappointed. The Call, "sad relic of departed worth," has fallen to a level of journalistic depravity lower than that occupied by the Evening Post, although it is hard to imagine why Lucifer should want any servant or any instrument baser than the Post. I dislike to deal In invective, but some occasions require It. There are some kinds of wickedness that cannot be properly handled with gloves, and The Call's mendacity comes within that category. In forming this judgment, I do not hold you responsible for falsehoods into which you may have been led by excusable mistake, but only for such falsehoods as must have been written willfully, maliciously and with the cor rupt intention to deceive. FALSEHOOD NO. 1. In your issue of May 9 you say that I admitted having said that "the seizure of Spanish merchant ships • * * • was no better than piracy. That statement is a willful, deliberate, premeditated falsehood. You knew It to be false when you wrote it. You had the conclusive written evidence of its falsity before you when you wrote it and when you published it. Why then did you write and publish it? You had a motive. Every willful, de liberate, premeditated falsehood has a motive, and the motive is never good— never honorable. That what I said was a perfectly proper argument against the passage of a retroactive law, which might have undesirable effects, is as clear as language could make it. It is equally clear that my statement involved no criticism of the conduct of our naval officers who simply did their duty in Stopping the ships and taking them to port, leaving the question of their confiscation or release to be decided by the courts in accordance with the existing law. Even the conscienceless Evening Post recognizes this plain difference be tween the statement originally attributed to me and the actual statement as set forh in my Examiner interview, although, of course, like the accursed Giaour," it returns to its loathsome work of defamation. which, perforce. Must feed its livid, living corse." You, however, not only repeat the original misstatement. but willfully write and publish as an admission made by me, a manifestly false statement of what I said concerning It. . You take a word here and a phrase there from my Examiner interview «nd putting them together, with corrupt and deceitful intent, form and pub lish a sentence entirely different from mine and attribute it to me. mat infamous method of distortion can be practiced upon the writing of any man. It does not even require cleverness, but only a base instinct for mis representation. .»»_«•. There is a passage in the. XIV Psalm which reads: "The fool in his heart hath said: 'There is no God.'" Following your journalistic principle I can imagine Borne fool crying out: "The Bible is an atheistic book. It says: 'There is no God.' (Psalms XIV.)" My statement was made in defense of the honor of our flag, against leg islation which, it seemed to me, would be discrpditable. It invoiced no criti cism of our naval officers, nor even of the abstract rectitude of the bill itself, but it did in plain and strong terms point out the inexpediency of taking a position in favor of the seizure and confiscation of private property at sea contrary to the general practice and agreement of nearly all other great nations* of the civilized world. That general practice of the nations is defined and regulated in the treaty of Paris. Assuming, as some contended, that \he treaty of Paris places unreasonable restrictions upon the right of prize-taking in time of war; assuming, as some contended, that it would not be unfair or improper to pass a retroactive law involving the confiscation of ships taken before the declaration of war, I took the position that it would be inexpedient to pass such a law, because it would place us be fore thc< world in the false position to which I called attention. I am well aware that your are not alone in. entertaining and upholding the contrary opinion, but I believe that the great majority of our fellow countrymen are in favor of having our Government maintain the moral standard of the treaty of Paris in all that pertains to respect for private rights and property in times of war. President McKinley has taken this view of the matter and, by proclama tion on April 26 regulated the seizure of prizes in accordance with the terms of the treaty erf Paris. The effect of the retroactive clause of the act recog nizing the existence of a state of war, being beyond his jurisdiction, must be determined by the courts. Lincoln, of whom it was said that his brow was: Pv honesty annointed. While Wisdom taught him all her nobjest plan, declared that: "The duty of protecting the honor of our flag rests as strong ly upon those who legislate for the nation as upon those who fight her bat tles on land and sea," . ■■ Let us cover our flag with the glories of victory; let us honor the soldiers and sailors who carry it to triumph through the storms of battle, but let us never forget that its honor is as sacred as its glory. Let us preserve its character in war as well as in peace, as the emblem of the highest earthly standard of justice. Let us see that no breath of pollution Shall tarnish one star on its fold. Before this controversy arose, on April 28, 1898, C. C. Carlton, The Call's Washington representative, asked me for the statement which I had made on the 25th, and, particularly, if my language had any reference to the con duct of our naval officers. I gave him the desired information in the form of a signed statement as he requested. In the course of that statement I com pared the position of our naval officers in seizing the ships in question to that of a Sheriff serving a warrant or writ of attachment, leaving the rights of the parties interested to be determined by the proper courts. I also said that my remarks had no reference to the conduct of our naval officers in tak ing the ships. Of course it did not serve yo-ur purpose to publish that statement. Even such show of fairness seems to be contrary to the present policy of The Call now "held in vassalage by the demon of falsehood." So much for what, in legal parlance, may be denominated "Falsehood FALSEHOOD NO. 2. In your issue of May 6, referring to me, you say: "In his speech at the Henry George memorial services In this city last year he said: 'Great problems affecting mankind had remained unsolved before the coming of Henry George. Before his day professors, philosophers and publicists had proposed to cut the Gordian knot with pools of blood.' " That statement is another willful and malicious falsehood. I ÜBed no such language at the George memorial services nor elsewhere. I did not say that professors, philosophers and publMs'o. or any of them, had "proposed to cut the Gordian knot," or any knot whatever. I did not say that anybody had "proposed to cut the Gordian knot with pools of blood." I did nr.-t use the phrase "pools of blood" in the speech at all. What I did say was that philosophers, statesmen, theologians and other scholars "having failed to suggest a satisfactory remedy for the soeiaJ injustice admittedly pre vailing throughout the civilized world, there were those who proposed to cut the Gordian knot, and wipe out the injustice in a carnival of blood." On that occasion my audience was made up principally of educated ladles and gentlemen, all of whom would have been so shocked and humiliated by such an exhibition of Illiteracy on my part that they could never have for gotten the circumstance, had I used the language which you attribute to me. It is not strange that a reporter should blunder in attempting, from hia own imperfect notes, to condense a two column address into three squares of news matter. Newspaper reports of speeches are fearfully and wonderfully made. It frequently happens that one reporter will attend a meeting, take such notes as his fancy may suggest, and furnish copies thereof to the repre sentatives of other papers; who, in turn, write up reports of the meeting each giving variety to his report according to the quality of his imagination (.r judgment. That overworked and underpaid reporters should make such inaccurate reports is not particularly discreditable to them, but that the editor of a newspaper pretending to greatness should take such a report of an ad dress as a basis of literary criticism of th«» speakpr, indicates a dishonesty so infamous that its crimes against truth an-d justice are likely to be limitPd only by its opportunities. eu It is a favorite and often successful practice with political libelers tn charge public men with illiteracy, when they think the victims are without documentary evidence of their learning. The ignorance or learning ofth* person assailed is quite immaterial to such libelers, as the purpose is not- tn prove the truth, but, regardless of the truth, to cast discredit on the victim Trou very natural y imagined that as I was raised on a farm and was afterward a blacksmith's apprentice, you might easily persuade a consider able number of people that my early education was seriously defoctfve The groundwork of your scheme of defamation; in this behalf, was well planned according to the mrst approved rules of the libeler's art but is is r w n«2 ♦ failure, through no fault on your part. I happen to have tolerihL ~ , . evidence that I wa. more than ordinarily familiar Sh h ' clples of English grammar and rhetoric twenty-five yeaii aw in a J!"'"" to this. I have been 8 public speaker and writer for nearly twenty fivt and I venutre to say that you cannot find any authentic SDeeoh nr ;, v, yG^ T3 livered or published by me that gives any evidence of he iSn' ?vS hßde"h Bde " attribute to me. Ido not deal with this phase of your attlcT fn. ?h h you of disproving my illiteracy, but rather for the puri os e of camnV J Purpose attention to the utter unscrupulousness of my calumniator 6 speciflc FALSEHO OD NO. 3. In your issue of May 9, speaking of my relation to the Democrats no t, you say: "In. the campaign of 1888 there is no trace of him "SlvS be very important, as a mere matter of fact, but it is false »n^^ deemed it sufficiently important for publication perhaps I mlv l nd as yo " for denying it. While the fac* is not of itself important hTtL Z e * cused cernlng it is important. important, t he falsehood con- You either knew that the statement was false or yon Via^i „ 1 , on the subject upon which any conscientious man wouM ave^maTe" thf statement. • You may. take either horn of the dilemma" You eithe^ublished the false statement willfully, knowing it to be false, or you published reck lessly without knowledge, upon ; the prompting of an abandoned I and maligl In the campaign of 1888 I stumped a considerable porti n of the Stf^e of California for the Democratic ticket under the auspices of the Democratic State Central Committee. You ask why I changed my purpose in t hi? behalf between the 27th of January, IRB7, and the campaign of 1888* I answer be cause the Democratic party made a very material change in its position and platform during that period— a change from opportunism to principle— that was the sole cause of its defeat in 1888, but that carried it to victory in 189' After the adoption of the Democratic National Platform of ISBB I an nounced my determination to support the Democratic ticket tendering my services to the Democratic State Central Committee, and they were accepted Here let me say that my allegiance to the Democratic paity is not based upon its traditions, but upon the principles of democracy, for which more than ever since the days of Jefferson, the Democratic party now stands. In your issue of May 9, referring to me, you Bay: "In 1800 the Demo cratic party meantime not having changed its principles or professions, the FALSEHOOD NO. 4. Judge was back In the organization." This is probably a very harmless false hood, but it is false, and it is difficult to imagine that you can have been so dense ly ignorant as to believe it true. Do you really believe that the Democratic party did not make a material change in its professions or purposes betmju January, ISS7, and July, lff»n? Hundreds of thousands of IK'n left the Democratic party and *ent over to the Republican party in 1888, on account of the Democratic National plat form of that year, and a less number, but still hundreds of thousands of Republi cans came over to the Democratic party on account of the same platform; yet, with a sublime audacity, which brooks no restraint of conscience, you assert that there was no change in the professions of the Democratic party during that period. That part«bf your article must have been written to influence a very stupid and very ignorant class of Call readers. If you believed your own statement, in thi* behalf, you must indeed Lave secured your present position like the Right Honoraliio Sir Joseph Porter, K. C. 8., through your persistent avoidance of tTie manly ha^t of thinking. You may remember the thrilling narra tive of Sir Joseph's promotion: "I thought so iiuie they r<"wafse<J Rio, By making me the ruler of the Queen s navee." Should it be desirable to immortalize your present dignity in song, a little moa;;i cation of ttfese lines of "Pinafore' might serve the purpose. You might well sing: "I thought so little they rewarded me. And now I am editing The Call, as you see." FALSEHOOD NO. 5. In your issue of May !», referring to me, you say: "As chairman of the Metropoli tan Temple meeting he sustained the Buckley organization, which he denounced in 1887." That sentence contains two distinct falsehoods. I was not chairman of the Metropolitan Temple meeting to which you refer and I did not sustain the Buik ley organization. I was present at the meeting in q>: as a member of the general committee, which was established by the r< who drove Buckley and Rainey from their control of the Democratic munlcipa ganizatlon in 1892. The pending proposi tion was to disband that general commit- I opposed disbandment on tv > grounds: First, that the method pursued was irregular and undemoi r and, secondly, that the disbandment : the committt ■« would restore Rainey to the control of the Democratic party or ganization in San Francisco. The contest was between the old general committ- ■.->. and the committee which had held sway during the last two years. Many i with some reason, feared that this committee might be dominated by Raine> , but your designation of the old commit tee as a "Buckley organization' accords fairly with your recklessness of state ment in other matters. That committee, or, more accurately speaking, the organ izers of that committee, had <*r»ren Buck lev from power and the hostility of that committee had kept him out of San Fran cisco politics for four years before the date of the meeting in question. If yOUv OU base your statement upon tno fact that a number of Democrats prior to 1592, acted with Buckley i 3 Democratic municipal organization, were with me. opposed to disbanding _ the old committee, that fact affords no basis for your .statement. An appeal to that fa< t begs the whole question. If it was wrong to disband the old committee should I vote for that wrong simply because a few of Mr Buckley's former associates were In favor of the right course? Certainly no sensible man will make that claim. Your suggestion that I had denounced their former organization and its prac tices is quite true, but it does not fol low that my feeling of hostility should extend to the individuals so as to preju dice me against them in their subsequent Bffort to do what I believed to be right. Early in life I learned that splendid -hriptian motto: "Lord teach my soul o hate the Bin and yet the sinner love. [ have tried to apply that rule in all my relations with my fellow-men. If. there fore, you shall repent and return to ways r,t righteousness I will probably say to you, in all sincerity: "Misguided man, 'go thy way and sin no more, and thou &alt be rewarded even with my affec- tiOn '' THE LETTER OF IST. You have rescued one of my letter from the shades of oblivion and have shaken from It the dust of eleven years. I trust you may find it worth the spare you have given o"t it. It is an interesting relic of that period of opportunism which the Democratic party has lons since out grown. I have nothing now to say about the 1. tter except that it represented my sentiments when it was written. If you are determined to fiine your bubbling venom over the flowers of my thought, so be it: "TVhat is writ is writ— "Would it were worthier.' Republish what you will of all that I have really f=aid and written. All I ask is that you shall not distort it nor fals ify it. . A 1 I will not defend it as the perfection of wisdom nor as the perfection of knowl edge, but of all that 1 have said and of all that I have written I do affirm that it represented my honest thoujrnt at the time of its utterance. You may think, and the public may at first think, that I have given too much, attention to you In this letter, but a long . experience has convinced me that ono I cannot give too much attention to a yen- i omous serpent until he has extracted it 3 I fanss. When I have satisfactorily per formed that operation in ytnir case you will be permitted, in your fangless im potence, to hiss and squirm and coll and strike to your heart's content without further notice from me. Respectfully, JAMES G. MAGUIRE. THE MALIGNANT MAGUIRE That the shafts of Th? Call have been sufficiently sharp and penetrating to pierce the thick skin of Congressman Maguire is made evident by the letter from him which we publish this morn ing. The hissing discharge of his bit terest venom shows that he has felt the keen point of the criticisms on hia course and wr'thes under it. Mr. Maguire doubtless thought that his letter would be thrown by us into the waste basket. He will be disap pointed when he sees it this morning, and his friends will regret that he wrote it. The Call is a newspaper that never suppresses either events or documents of current interest, and this letter is certainly interesting. It clearly reveals what manner of man the writer is, and it is well that the pubic should have that knowledge. Cal. glace fruit 50c per 1b -it Townsend's.* Enjoy a pleasant day t--day at St. Rose's picnic at Sholl Mound. Special Information supplied daily to business houses and public men ™ Press Clipping Bureau (Allen B>, HO Mont gomery street. Telephone Main IQ4<!. Alexandria pomettefl the largest arti ficial harbor in the world. Excursion to the Yellowstone Park. A personally conducted excursion will leave this city July 12 for the Yellowstone Park, via the "Shasta Route" and Northern Pacific Rail way. Tourists will be accommodated in first class Pullman cars; tickets will be sold, in cluding berths, meals and trip through the Park. Send for circular giving rate and itiner ary to T. K. STATELER, General Agent Northern Pacific Railway, 63$ Market St., S. F. ; » ♦ « — — Excursion to Grand Canyon of tha Colorado. A select party of educators and scientists will louve San Francisco Monday, June 6, for the Grand Canyon of the Colorado, in charge of Professor Emory Smith of Palo Alto. Very low rates have been made and a pleasant and profitable trip is assured. Full particulars at Santa Fe Office. 644 Market street. » m ■ Cut Rates via Santa Fe Route. On and after June 5, until further notice, second-class rates will be as follows: Kansas City and Omaha, $31; St. Louis, $37; Chicago, $32 50. Through palace and tourist sleeping cars every day. Full particulars at Santa F« Ticket Office, 644 Market st. "Mrs. Win&low's Soothing Syrup" Has been used over fifty years by millions ot mothers for their children while Teething with perfect success. It soothes the child, softens the rums, allays Pain, cures Wind Colic, reg ulate* the Bowels and is tha best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether arising from teething or other causes, For sale by Druggist* In every part of the world. Be sure and ask for Mrs. Wlnslow's Soothing Syrup. 260 a bottle.