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DR. ANITA NEWCOMB McGEE. Drawn from a photograph. Dr. Me Gee has just been charged with the selection of all the war nurses for the Government during the present conflict. Her office belongs to the volunteer branch of the service, and is something entirely new in the military line. She is at tho head of what is called the Board of '•Daughters." The other ladies on the board are Miss Mary Desha, Miss Frances S. Nash ami Mrs. Amos G. Draper. Dr. McGee is the only member of the board possessed of medical train ing, and, therefore, is given charge of selecting the eligible nurses from the hundreds of applicants. FOR the first time in the history of the T'nited States women are being enlisted in the military ser vice. Dr. Anita Newcomb Mc- Gee, a patriotic Washington wo man, has just be-?n charged with the selection <>f all the war nurses tor the Government during its prosent con flict. She is the Dorothea Dix of the Spanish-American war. Tho surgeons geueral of the army and navy regard her office as a branch "bureau of their departments, though in reality it has tfleial connection with the Gov ernment, except in a volunteer capac ity. Although it was positively announced at the beginning of tho war that n^ith >r SPECIAL SHELL FIRED AT SPAIN BY THE CARTOONISTS LAST WEEK. the army nor the navy would enlist any women nurses for the war service, the plans have just been changed, and Dr. McGee is fast supplying women to take care of our brave buys in the hospitals at Key West, Atlanta and the hospital ship lately fitted out at New York. There were women nurses in the late war, but they were not enlisted in the military service, being paid from the unofficial funds of the Sanitary Com mission. They received but $12 a month In reward for their tender ser vices, whereas those who will nurse the wounded of the present war will get the full nurse's pay of $30 a month. Dr. McGee impresses one as being the ideal woman to rank at the head of THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, JTJJSE 5, 18J?8. the war's "angels of mercy." She is young and charming, possessing unus ual magnetism, vivacity and gift of language. Moreover, she has the blood of patriots coursing in her veins, be ing able to boast of three Revolutionary ancestors, the best known of whom, perhaps, was General John Bull, who defended Philadelphia during our struggle for liberty. She has pursued special courses of study abroad at Cambridge, the University of Geneva and elsewhere on the Continent. Returning to this country, she equipped herself for the sciences, and studied medicine at Columbiaand Johns Hopkins. She is the daughter of Pro fessor Simon Newcomb, the great as tronomer, who has been more honored abroad than any other of our Ameri- THE W OMAN WHO JUST BEEN APPOINTED TO SELECT WAR NURSES M♦• 4 I flrSt time 1Q ' ? United States women are being enlisted in the military service. Dr. Anita Newcomb McGee, a pa triotic Washington woman, has just been charged with the selection of all the war nurses for the Government during the present conflict. S surgeons-general of the arm Z, and nav y re f ard her offl « as a branch bureau of their departments, though in reality it has no official connec tion with the Government, except in a volunteer capacity. can scientists, and is the wife of Pro fessor W. J. McGee, the well-known ethnologist and geologist. She is one of the vice-presidents general of the Daughters of the American Revolution, having been previously elected sur geon-general and librarian-general of that society. As soon as the present war was an ticipated she conceived the idea of the society co-operating with the War and Navy Departments, and both Surgeon- General Van Reypen of the navy and Surgeon-General Sternberg of the army indorsed the project. In consequence, she received the appointment which she now holds, being at the head of the board of "Daughters" having the selec tion of the war nurses in charge. The other ladies of the board are Miss Mary Desha, Mrs. Francis S. Nash and Mrs. Amos G. Draper. Dr. McGee is the di rector of the board, and being the only member possessed of medical training, performs the responsible duty of se lecting eligible nurses from the hun dreds of applicants. Already 1500 women have volunteered their services as war nurses, their let ters being addressed to the President, the Secretary of War, Secretary of the Navy, and to various other high offi cials. All of these applications, which are now pouring in at the rate of about 100 a day, are turned over by the de partments to Dr. McGee. who replies by mailing blanks to be filled out and returned to her. Before they may be placed upon the list of eligibles women applicants must prove that they have been graduated at reputable training schools for nurses. They must be between the ages of thirty and fifty, and it is preferred that they have had practical experience, and that they be without family ties. They must be strong and healthy in order to cope with the unusual hardships of a military hospital. Only surgiccl nurses are being called for, since women trained in the care of general diseases would have practically nothing to do in wards filled with men mangled by shot and shell. Although during the last war Miss Djx, who per formed the duties now conferred upon Dr. McGee refused to appoint women who were prepossessing in appearance, no such regulation has been made for this war, and our brave boys may hope to be inspired to strength by woman's comeliness as well as healed by her ten der skill. Great care is being: taken, however, to select only women of the very high est moral character, and to insure this individual members of the Daughters of the American Revolution are co-op erating in all of the States. No one will be appointed an "angel of mercy" without the written indorsement of some "daughter." Thus it will be seen that women are managing the affair entirely, and perhaps no other associa tion of women could undertake such responsibilities as the Daughters of the American Revolution. numbering twenty-five thousand members, scat tered in all of the States. There is a great demand for women nurses who have had yellow fever and who are immune from the disease, but so far not a single one has been found. Women of various nationalities are making application, but only citizens of the United States are accepted. Trained colored r.urses have been placed on the eligible list to be called upon when needed. COST OF THE PRESENT WAR ANYBODY who thinks that war is a little diversion should read the interesting reports of Chairman Dingley of th.9 House Ways and Means Committee in presenting his war revenue measure. He frankly admits that the expenses of the preparations for defense made by the United States recently have been at the rate of twenty-five million dollars per month, or three hundred million dollars per year, and he adds the interesting statement that "the expenses of actual war will bs much more." The increase of the regular army from a peace basis of about 15, 000 men to a war basis of 60,000 enlisted men, and the increase in the pay cf privates from $13 to $15 60 per month, with a corre sponding increase in the pay of non-commissioned orflcers, shows where a part of the money will go. It is estimated that it will cost to feed the 60,000 regulars and 125,000 volunteers nearly $40,000 a day, or 20 cents per man. This, of course, does not include the cost of arming, clothing and equipping of the troops. After the war has been fought and the victory won the victor will have the right to claim an indemnity, but the question is whether Spain would be in a position to pay us anything, in view of the fact that its 4 per cents are selling at a little over 30, and it is straining every nerve to raise the money necessary to carry on the war. She may pay us by offering us some of her territorial posses sions in the Atlantic. In that event, unless we could sail these possessions for cash, our war debt would be left unpaid and would be added to the existing permanent obligation of the Government. Government bonds have been the basis of the circulation of our national banks, and the rapid payment of these bonds since the close of the war led to fear that within a short period our banking sys tem would need to be radically changed. The present war will probably put an end to this fear, and also to recent efforts to change the basis of security for the issue of national banks. Senator Hale said yesterday that he wished to put himself on record by stating that should the war last a year it would cost between seven and fight hundred million dollars. Politics now enter into the Congressional discussions and delays matters greatly. As soon as the Senate took up the war revenue bill Hale declared that the war would cost seven hundred millions or eight hundred millions a year. Jones of Arkansas said that much may be spent, but there was no necessity of spending over four hundred million dollars. He said that the most extravagant esti mates of the Secretaries of War and Navy would not exceed three hundred million dollars a year, and they have replied that none of the estimates were much more than half the actual cost. The late war was never so expensive. No wars were so ex pensive as those involving the sending of troops to other coun tries. These war nurses will be uniformed in white dresses, caps and aprons. Each will wear a badge in the form of a red cross of enamel, surrounded by a 'circle of blue enamel. Upon the cross will be inscribed "Hospital Corps," and along the blue circle "Daughters of the" American Revolution." Upon each apron will be neatly stenciled the wheel insignia of the Daughters of the Amer ican Revolution. Unless Spain disregards the treaty signed by her, the United States and sixteen other governments, in 1864, whereby it was agreed that in all fu ture wars the sick and wounded and their attendants would be considered as neutrals, -the. red cross badges worn by these women will be' sufficient pro tection against the enemy. The red cross flags surmounting all of our hos pitals, whether they be general, field or floating, must be as strictly respect ed during the war as though they were flags of truce, and any attempt against the safety of any one protected thereby would be frowned upon by every en lightened nation of the world. No women nurses will be sent to- Cuba. If any are delegated to field hospitals they will do service only in this country- Of course, none will be permitted aW>ard any of the naval ves sels, since the gentler sex are forbidden quarters on all ships in action. Speak ing of naval nurses, it may be of in terest to add that Congress must make ' some appropriation before any nurses, male or female, may be appointed as such. Some male nurses have been en- ' listed in the navy as ship's cooks, that they may draw the nurse's salary whilo performing his duties. No woman will be taken aboard the naval hospital ship Solace. Dr. McGee will take pains that her corps may be the best equipped woman war nurses ever employed. When the Civil War broke out there wasn't :i trained nurse in the country to answer the call of the Sanitary Commission, whose nurses were mostly women who had simply practical experience in hos pitals or at home. Almost every large rity, especially of the North, now boasts of several training schools for nurses. Twenty-five nurses will be attached to each regiment in the field, and if all of these nurses are to be graduates of training schools a great many of them must be women. Many of the women •who have already volunteered are doc tors of medicine willing to perform any duties, and some are sisters of charity. Rev. Dr. Alvah Hovey has resigned the presidency of the Newton (Mass.) Theological institution (Baptist), his resignation to take effect on the Ist of next September. "For forty-nine years." says the Watchman, "Dr. Hovey has served Newton as a teach er, and he has j'ist completed thirty years in the presidency." Queen Wilhelmina of Holland -will come of age August 31. and then her betrothal with Prince Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar will be published. The young Queen has not been willing to entertain the notion of marriage, and some think it may be because the Salic law yet prevails in part in the Netherlands, and by the constitution of the kingdom she must give up the throne to her son, should she have one, when he shall be IS years old.