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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, July 03, 1898, Image 5

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Fight pron) Dawn Until
DusK;, Intent Only on
Spaoish Penned in the Doomed
City at the End of the first
Day's Assault.
Copyrighted, IS?S, by the Associated Tress.
off Juragua, !•': ;.l:;y, July 1. 4 p. m., via
Kingston,. : . Jamaica, July 2.— The battle
of Santiago -has raged "all day and at
4 o'clock this afternoon 15,000 American
troops are thundering at the outer for
tifications of the doomed city. Since
daybreak General Shatter's army has I
fought its way across two and a half
miles of bitterly- contested and strongly
fortified country and the. entire line of.
the men to the' right is within gunshot
of Santiago town.
The American loss thus far' is esti
mated at hospital- corps headquarters
nt twenty killed and fifty wounded, but
it will be hours before the death roll
"can be accurately. given. Lieutenant |
.Colonel Patterson of- the Twenty-second !
Infantry is the only officer known ;to |
have been, wounded, and he is not |
fatally hurt.
The Spanish killed and wounded are !
• undoubtedly numbered by hundreds.
■'• ■; The, Spanish strongholds of Caney
and .El Pozo have fallen .rid the forts
sit Aguadores, just east of Morro Castle,
on. the coast, have been blown to ruins ■
by ; the guns of the fleet. With th- ex
ception'^ of. about 1000 troops, who are
guarding Baiquiri and Juragua, the en
;'tire army is engaged, together- with
. 4000 .of. General G-arcia's Cuban troops. ;
The men fought; gloriously, and if the
'.same measure of success which attend- !
t .ed;to>day's engagement follows the'
• fighting, of the next twenty-four hours,
; the .American .flag will fly from Santi
,'ago"6 walls ', on Sunday. ... Officers and
: men: are- fuily convinced that the city.
will be theirs by to-morrow night.
•'.The general order-.for. an advance was
.issued by "General Shatter at dark last
•night and; by midnight every man in •
.the array-.:kriew that a -desperate strug- i
vgle.'.wo.uld come with the dawn. The j
, hews put the .troops into' a fever of ex
cit^meilt, .and ■ the night was spent in
: cheering- and sing-ing, the popular
.strain' being "There'll Be a Hot Time'
In /Santiago- To-morrow.': ... , . •
:■ .At 4 o'clock this morning hundreds of :
-bugles rang put- the, reveille and before :
,. the- sun .had risen the great line was!
• complete."' •To the , extreme left ! was j
.General puffleld with the Thirty-third
Michigan,- his command having reach
ed.:the;Aguadores" bridge by train. Next,
' theast,-wai General Kent's di- j
vision, a "mile and a hulf from the sea j
:': ' and-.:h : ei(J.Va»; a reserve "force. The . cen
..tei' of- the' line, was- 1 held by a cavalry ;
division,' uni-rh arrived at noon. It was i
.c6mri|arir2e;d-;by General Sumner. Ow
•.ihg'.to'.Gqn^fal.y.Qung's illness. Colonel
. Woofi/oi i..:- Rough.: Riders,', commanded i
.' his -fcrigadei". which- consisted of the-;
:-Pir st;. K'.jstnars.'-.^he- First- Volunteers
and tii.e. Tenth Regulars arid one battal
lon . ■■:" .;the; -Ninth Regular .-Cavalry, all
dismouiru-'i, ' With, the ■exception of • two
troops on thb extreme, right, under Gen
; e.ral§.:;L,k^ton .and- ' Chaff ee, fully five
\mjles'fr6m-the sea; "■■.••-..'• . ■■ '•
■■} It •had- been-- arranged that' General'
■ Duffif'ld" should, make a .feint 'of attack
ing .Agiiadores, in order .to draw atten
;ti6n':fr6rh'Uie'rnain-m.ijvemeht, and at 5 ■
. O'clock: General ,L,a\vtons . troops moved
•forward, led', by a battery of the First ■
Artillery, . under, .command of Capt .in
Allyn. Gapron. Every man m the army
• carried.' three, days'- rations and am •u
nition -to match, arid every one knew
that' he was riot expected -to; return to
camp until Santiago had fallen.
General Ltawton's division op. ; i th*>
ball with a 13-pound shot, quick'/ fol
lowed-by • .thers, the infantry apeniiig
fire immediately afterward. At 6:40 a ■
m. Garcia advanced rapidly through
the brush in .the valley,, meeting with
: no opposition, and' General Lawton ad
vanced along the north slope, the in
fantry and artillery firing heavily. Cap
tain Grimes' guns had just gallop.; l to
the plateau in grand style and opened
fire. r-' r ■ . .•*■-■■
. The telegraph line, Labrunelle super- '
Intending, kept up with the advance' in
. fine style. The observation ballon— was
•inflated for the first time and made
three successful ■ experimental asctn
.sions. the car holding six men.
Under the musketry fire of the cay- !
alrymen the Spaniards- in the little
town oX El Paso retreated and Captain
' Grimes' battery took a- position there '
and began rapid firing into Cariey. The !
guns of the two batteries made, the !
place so hot that the enemy, finally re- j
tired, having no artillery.. '■' •
After the enemy had been driven
from El Paso twenty-one shots were
fired by Captain Grimes and Captain
Capron from that .position' into the
outer fortifications of Santiago before
a response came.; When it did come,,
however; It came, with unexcelled" ac- i
curacy— shot and shell" from three-inch
rifles, -. -.evidently." •" taken', from Admiral
Cervera's--. warships, and friounted be- "
hind the" fdr'tifictfti.bris-;'.- '•• ..'•':
The .Spanish.'- gunners raited . the hill- !
on. which El Paso-' stands .and -which
had been made -.the headqu.aftors of
General Surhrier^and-'the'.Cuban' gener
als, .Garcia, CastHfp," arid-Rabi."-
One shell struck- a--'- large sugar store--- j
house, .the-; 'red- corrugated' roof- = of
which stood some Cuban's viewing the
fight..; The roof fell. and all the Cubans
were woimded. arid -three df them will
die..'. .■■'. ■• • .-••": ■ /■■; ..,."• :••'.■;
: A detachment of 200' Cubans •: went
. forward from' El Pas.o - and .then Colon
Wood," with the. RVnigh- Riders' and th'i
• First and Tenth. Cayalry, started 'down
the hillside straight.', for .the. enemy's
fortifications. -;':-.--. 1 /: •."•' . .-; •■
• .- Captain . Grimes' • battery., poured, -a
„- '.eady fire- into the Spaniards •pro
tect Colonel Wood's advance. The dis-
• r.iouritea cavalry, .'paused.- on its' way
'.hrough. the tangled grass and under-
" ■brush, arid, half-way down the hill;
• Bide, selected; a .good- spot to halt, ami
from' there, opened- and maintained. for
-twenty minutes a hot fire. "-.The oppos
ing, batteries • banged away, -Captain
Grimes sending a storm. 'of lead. down
into the outer fortifications and' the
Spaniards pounding away at. the hill
" top with, vicious "persistency. Most of
the Spanish shells went over the-hill
tops, and- fell in a ravine beyond. Here
several detachments of Cuban troops
were stationed as reserves, and before i
they could be moved seven insurgents
were seriously wounded and several
slightly hurt. At the same time two
Americans were killed and nine
The Spaniards used smokeless pow
der and shot with much more accuracy
than during the previous engagement.
The wonder is that many more lives
were not lost, as the opposition bat
teries were less than two miles apart.
Colonel Wood's command behaved
with great bravery, firing steady and
deadly volleys, with the enemy's shells
screeching and bursting over their
heads. Twenty minutes of fearfully
hot work silenced the Spanish batte
ries. Ten shots were sent into them
after they ceased firing, but there was
Ho response, and it is "resumed that
the guns were dismounted or the gun
ners driven off.
Away to the left, General Lawton's
division, with Chaffee's men and Ca
pron's battery, was fighting fiercely
with the enemy entrenched in and
about Caney. The Spaniards contended
every Inch of ground bitterly and
fought with unexpected coolness and
courage, but the irresistible onward
movement of the Americans slowly
forced them back upon and beyond
At about 11 o'clock the terrible fire
from Captain Capron's guns and ..ne
muskets of the men broke the Spanish
line and a retreat began toward the
line of outer fortifications. The ene
my took the trail known as the main
Santiago road, and Captain Grimes'
battery immediately began pitching
shells in ahead of the retreating men,
while a detachment of 2000 Cubans,
headed l> Garcia, was started to cut
off the retreat.
No report has yet been received from
tre in. A large detachment of General
Kent's reserves was sent to aid General
Garcia in this work, and it is probable
fierce fighting occurred.
All this time General Sumner had
commanded the center, owing to Gen
eral Wheeler's illness, but at about
11:30 General Wheeler Btarted on the
two-mile journey to the front in an am
bulance. About half way to the front
he met a number of litters bearing
wounded. The veteran, under protest
by the sureeons, immediately ordered
his horse, and, after personally assist
ing the wounded into the ambulance,
mounted and rode onward. The men
burst into frantic cheers, which followed
the general all along the line.
By noon, although still very ill, Gen
eral Wheeler had established ht-adquar
ters a* the extreme front and center of
the line, and still holds his position.
Th-- hardest fighiing of the day seems
to have been on the ri^ht ttank, and
heavy casualties are reported from
there. The advance there was more
rapid than at other points on the line,
and General Chuffee's brigade was the
first to cross the Little San Juan.Rivec
close to the line of outer fortifications.
At 2 o'clock Caney had not been en
tered by the American troops, but they
had pushed past and it was theirs at
any time they desired to march into it.
At that hour General Shafter, whose
headquarters for the day had been
three miles to the rear, went forward
to assume personal command of the
Some surprise is felt that he did not
wait for the siege guns before begin
ning the final attack. The siege,
are still on the beach at Baiqulri, but
he decided yesterday that th\y were
unnecessary and determined to strike
at once.
The only movement that did not meet
with sue • ,-:-s was General Duffield's at
tempt to occupy the sea village of
Aguadores. The . New York, Suwanee
and Gloucester shelled the old fort and
the rifie pits during the forenoon, drove
all the Spaniards from the vicinity and
bowled over the parapet from which
(lew the Spanish flag, but owing to the
blowing up of the railroad bridge Gen
eral Duffield's troops were unable to get
across the river which separated them
from the little town and were com
pelled to go back to Jura^ua. It is
probable that an effort will be made
to-morrow to repair the bridge and a
complete movement attempted.
To-day it was reported ut Juragon
that General Duflleld had been de
feated. This is not true, ais he did not
encounter any large body of Spaniards.
Many dramatic incidents occurred
during the day, with numerous evi
dences of the splendid personal bravery
of the American officers and men in
their work of continuous and intense
physical strain, owing to the hills and
swamps and the fierce tropical sun,
which hammered down upon them the
greater part of the day.
The Cubans beh.ved with skill and
valor, and rendered valable aid. Gen
eral Garcia and the other Cuban gen
erals led the troops in person, and
showed great coolness in ti.ght places.
The Spanish fought stubbornly
throughout, and the retreat, though
steady, was slowly and coolly conduct
ed. They contested every inch of the
way and fought with unexpected skill,
their. Officers handling the troops with
bravery and good judgment. As in all
of th"ir fighting so far, however, they
did most of their work under cover,
rarely showing themselves in large
bodies in the open.
All th.> retreats worn toward Santi
ago, ar.d it is probable that by night
fall th* entire force of Spaniards in the
province of Santiago de Cuba will be
within ftp city walls, with the excep
tion of WOO men under General Pando,
whose ntt.-mpt to re-enforce Santiago Is
believed to have been frustrated.
Evidence of the Total Obliteration
Sectional Feeling Among the
CHrCKAMAUOA, July 2.— A scene
w«i witnessed at the park to-nipht that
indicates the patriotism and spirit of
i the soldiers at the camp. The Associ
ated Press bulletin announcing that the
Fpanl-ards in front of Santiago had been
i. driven by the Americans from the rifle
I pits into the ci,ty was telephoned to
Genera* Brooke's headquarters from
the city just after taps. The nev/s
spread like wildfire, and more than 20,
i 000 soldiers, in their nlghtclothes, many
of them carrying candles, were strug
gling along the road singing national
airs and cheering.
Quickly a number of bands from
Northern regiments, the bandsmen
dressed in their nightclothes, set up
"Dixie," and then the Georgia and Ar
kansas bands turned out, playing "The
Star-spangled Banner" and "Marching
Through Georgia," and Lieutenant
Colonel Brooks of the First Georgia
and Colonel Good of the First Penn
sylvania embraced each other between
the lines of the regiments and were
taken upon the shoulders of the men of
the two regiments and carried through
the camp with their arms about each
other. The men went to the headquar
ters of General Rosser, who came out
of his tent and made a rousing, pa
triotic speech. The whole camp was
wild for a time.
NEW YORK, July 2.— The Washing
ton correspondent of the Herald tele
graphs: Official Washington is appre
hensive that the occupation of the for
tifications defending the harbor of San
tiago is proving more difficult than has
been expected. It was of the utmost
importance that these fortifications
should be captured before the final as
sault is made on the city. The Span
ish troops in Santiago are assisted in
their work of resisting the invaders
just as the American troops would be
if fighting the enemy under the guns
of Rear Admiral Sampson's fleet.
The destruction of the defenses is
absolutely necessary in order to take
the city without enormous loss and de
stroy Cervera's ships. It can be ac
complished only by American men-of
war, which will be debarred from the
harbor as long as Spanish troops hold
Morro Castle and Estrella battery.
This represents the situation as
viewed by the war authorities. It is
reported the massing of General Duf
field's brigade near Aguadores is in
pursuance of a plan of campaign which
is being followed by General Shafter.
Evidently General Duffield's troops
have been chosen to assault Morro
Castle and carry it by storm.
The operations of this brigade are
likely to be handicapped by the action
of the Spaniards in destroying the rail
road bridge crossing Guama River,
which was ar omplished, according to
an official dispatch from Rear Admiral
Sampson, notwithstanding the hot fire
maintained by the American warships.
The stream will have to be bridged by
the engineers with the brigade, and
when troops are over it, their work
against Morro Castle will be undoubt
edly undt-j heavy fire from the bat
teries which the Sniniards have erect
ed to defend the fortress.
It is hoped b the authorities General
Duffield's brigade has carried out this
feature of the programme and that the
capture of Morro Castle has been or
will soon be effected. In this event, as
was explained this morning, Rear Ad
miral Sampson will send out small
boats to destroy or raise the mines.
It is evident to the officials to-night
that the capture of the city will not
occur before Monday at the earliest.
Rear Admiral Sampson's ships may be
able to enter the harbor Sunday morn
ing ar.d in that case he may be able in
a few hours to engage and it is hoped
sink Cervera's ships.
When this has been accomplished the
American armorc'.ads and the dynamite
cruiser Vesuvius will take a position
in front of the city and fire upon the
Spanish positions while the troops as
sault the city on land. It is understood
in official circles that General Shafter
will take advantage of the intervening
time to station his troops so as to prac
tically surround the city and thus cut
off the escape of General Linares' com
Special ca!)!p to The Call and the New York
11. raid. <".'pyriKhted. IS9S, by James Gor
ii. .n Bennett.
PLAYA DEL ESTE, July 2.— At day
break Lawton's troops were at Villa
Guron and moving toward Santiago.
They had taken Caney at 4 o'clock yes
terday at great expense. Chaffee sur
rounded the village, which is situated
on a hill protected by a fort and block
houses. Capron's battery, at a dis
tance of 2500 yards, demolished the
fort's tower and brought the Hag down.
The enemy's sharpshooters in trees
and steeples were hard to find on ac
count of their using smokeless powder.
A charge was ordered. The Twenty
fifth and Twelfth undertook it.
They formed 400 yards from the fort
and ran cheering against a volley fire,
many falling.
When they were but fifty yards away
the enemy lied, leaving forty dead. The
ruined, blood-spattered fort and block
houses were taken.
Forty Spanish were killed and 300 sur
rendered. Their commander gave his
sword to General JLudlow, while the
women of the village wept over the
The Americ 3 lost 100 dead and 200
wounded. They proceeded supperless
toward Santiago, but were exhausted
and rested until dawn, three thousand
Cubans preventing the retreat of Li
Promotions in All Grades of the
Navy the Result From His
WASHINGTON, July 2.— Orders have
been given for the retirement to-mor
row of Rear Admiral William A. Kirk
land, the senior officer of the navy, now
acting as commandant of the Mare Isl
and navy-yard. Notwithstanding his
retirement, Admiral Kirkland will con
tinue his present command until the
termination of the war with Spain per
mits his relief by an officer on the act
ive list. His retirement will result in
promotions in all grades of the navy,
but only a few of them will be made at
The promotions already determined
upon are as follows: Commodore F. V.
McNalr, now on special duty in this
city, to be rear admiral; Captain AVil
liam T. Sampson, commanding the na
val forces in the West Indies, to be
commodore, ar.l Commander Francis
W. Dickins, assistant to the chipf of the
Bureau of Navigation, Navy Depart
ment, to be captain.
Commodore McNair and Captain
Dickins ..ave qualified for promotion,
but owing to the absence of Captain
Sampson from the country it has been
impossible as yet to complete his ex
amination for the higher grade. Con
sequently be Will be appointed com
modore "subject to examination."
Advances mad* on furniture and pianos, with
or without removal. J. Noonan, 1017-1023 Mission.
Guooer on the Suwaoee KqocKs
tf)e Yellow Emblem F rom
Aguadores' port.
WITH THE FLEET OFF SANTIAGO, July 2.— When the bom
bardment of the fort at Aguadores yesterday was ordered to cease Lieu
tenant Deiehanty of the Suwanee signaled for permission to knock down the
Spanish flag.
"Yes," replied Admiral Sampson, "if you can do it in three shots."
When the smoke of the first shot cleared away only two streamers
of the flag were left. The shell had gone through the center of the
A delighted yell broke forth from the crew of the Suwanee.
Two or three minutes later the Suwanee fired again, and huge
clouds of debris rose from the base of the flagstaff. Then it was seen
that the shell had only added to the ruin of the fort.
The Suwanee now changed her position slightly. Then a puff of
smoke shot out from her side, and up went spouting a cloud of debris
from the parapet and down fell the banner of Spain. Such yells from
the flagship will probably never be heard again.
"Well done," signaled Admiral Sampson to Lieutenant Commander
Director of the Imperial
Navy Is Accused of
Coercing Voters
Owing to Alleged Frauds of Gov
ernment Agents the Socialists
Will Contest Many Seats.
Copyrighted, IS9S, by the Associated Press.
BERLIN, July 2.— The public con
tinues to be absorbed in the-quinquen
nial elections recently held in this
country and their results. The news
papers are teeming with incidents in-
dicative of queer electioneering meth
ods observed during -the campaign, and
a mass of evidence is presented prov
ing that intimidation was resorted to
in many districts, notably in the rural
The Socialists will contest a number
of seats, including the Dantzic con
stituency, w.ere the director of the Im
perial navy yard is charged with co
ercing voters to support the Govern
ment candidate. They will also con
test the seats in Cassel, Elbing and
Dortmund, and in the Second and
Fifth districts in Berlin.
In the latter place, it is alleged,
enough illegal ballots were counted in
favor of the anti-socialist candidate
to vitiate the result.
The increased strength of the Cen
trists is now 104, and the weakening of
the Government side in the Reichstag
induced the Centrists to formulate a
list of demands for the coming session,
including the recall of the Jesuits, the
abolition of the last remnants of
Cuturkampf, the reinstatement in the
constitution of the articles granting ab
solute political equality to the Catho
lic church and the restitution of the
Catholic department in the ministry of
public worship.
The representative of the Associated
Press learns, however, from good au
thority, that although he cannot pass
new measures without the co-operation
of the Centrists, Emperor William will
not sanction the recall of the Jesuits,
which the Centrists regard as the most
important of their demand. Emperor
William recently declared that as long
as he was King of Prussia the Bundes
rath should not have a Prussian vote
in favor of the recall of the Jesuits nor
of the other demands enumerated.
It is probable, therefore, that there
will be trouble between the Centrists
and the Government during the next
session, especially as a number of those
elected on the re-ballots, who were aid
ed by Centrist votes, are pledged to
support the Centrists in themselves,
giving the Center at least nineteen
The Conservative newspapers con
tinue the campaign for the abridgment
of the Reichstag franchise, maintaining
that this is necessitated by the Immense
growth of the Socialist vote. The rep
resentative of the Associated Press
learns that Emperor William and the
King of Saxony are both in favor of
this movement. The Emperor has in
structed the chief of his private cabi
net to prepare at the earliest moment a
report giving minute details of Social
ist progress, by districts, towns and
villages, the conditions governing each
and the fluctuations previous to elec
tion. A special Cabinet meeting will
be summoned to discuss the matter as
soon as the report is completed.
The press of the country Is now com
menting upon the Spanish-American
war In a more unbiased manner and
with less venom toward the Americans,
although the military editors continue
to regard the situation as very unfav
orable for the Americans as well as for
the Spaniards. With regard to Cuba,
it is thought that .the American forces,
apart from yellow jack and; the influ
ences of the climate, are entirely ' in
adequate. All the American operations
since the' United States forces have
been landed, it is asserted, have been
ill-advls=ed and showed lack of fore
sight. The fact th?t the army of occu
pation is so insufficiently equiDped with
everything needful shows, the paper"
declare, poor .sreneralship. |
Some comment has been nroujsprl by
TiUman's speech in th« United States
Pen ate regarding the Philippines. Thy
National Zeituner: reiterates, the state
ment that, Germany has not yet shown
a desire to Interfere except to protect
Gorman subjects, should the necessity
arise.' which Is?' by no means unlikely,
as neither-, Spain nor the : United; States
seems to be able to cope .with the
The paper adds: "If the United
States should conquer and retain the
Philippines or if Spain relinquishes
them to the United States, then they
would become theirs by right of war,
and it is Improbable that any power
would go to war with the United States
in order to dispute their possession.
Should Spain, however, lose the Philip
pines without the United States con
quering them, then all the countries
interested in the far East would be
concerned in their fate."
At a meeting of the Colonial Society
at Dantzlc on Tuesday, at the instance
of the president a resolution was adopt
ed which is liable to create a variety
of trouble. The resolution provides
that no German, no matter where he
may emigrate, hereafter shall loss his
nationality, except on his own initia
tive. A bill embracing the resolution,
which is indorsed by the Emperor and
by many members of the Reichstag,
will be introduced at the coming ses
Prince Hohenlohe, the Imperial
Chancellor, although nearly 80 years of
age, is learning to ride the bicycle.
The yacht race arranged recently be
tween the Empress of Germany and her
sister-in-law, Princess Henry of Prus
sia, who were on board the iduna, late
the American schooner yacht Yampa,
against Emperor William on board his
new yacht Meteor, was sailed on Tues
day. The race started from Hemmel
mark and was over a course of fifty
six kilometers. It was won by the Me
teor by a half hour.
Prince Bismarck is regaining his
health. He is able to walk again, and
is as active and keen witted as ever.
Since March the orchards throughout
Germany have been thoroughly search
ed for the San Jose scale. The Prussian
Minister of Agriculture, Baron yon
Hammerstein-L^xton, now reports that
no sign of the San Jose scale has been
found, although another insect closely
resembling it has been discovered in
great numbers.
Copyrighted. ISSS, by the Associated Press.
SIBONEY, Province of Santiago de
Cuba, July 1, 8 p. m., via Playa del
Este July 2.— At this hour the fighting
continues. The entire reserves of the
American army have been ordered to
the front at once, apparently with the
intention of forcing our way to San
tiago de Cuba. The troops have ad
vanced nearly to the city, but the for
tifications are very strong. Our losses
are heavy.
An officer from the field estimates
our killed and wounded .at 1000 men.
Shells, supposedly from the Spanish
fleet, did heavy execution among our
During a lull in the fighting an im
pressive incident occurred. The
Twenty-first Infantry was out in front
and suffering loss from the Spanish
fire, but the men sang "The Star
spangled Banner," even the wounded
joining in the singing.
Queen Regent Desires the Interven-
tion of Europe to End
the War.
PARIS July 2.— The Matin says the
Queen Regent of Spain desires the in
tervention of Europe and would wil
lingly sacrifice the throne for peace,
which is imperative in the interests and
for the honor of Spain.
Red Cross Entertainment.
PASO ROBLES, July 2.— The enter
tainment for the benefit of the Paso
Robles Red Cross Society was a grand
success, financially and socially. The
grand march was led by Miss Eva
Friedman of San Francisco and Profes
sor M. Heyman. Th,e march was a
beautiful one, the evolutions ending by
the formation of a cross emblematic of
the society. Mrs. Blackburn and Miss
Beatrice Farnum, the leading spirits in
the formation of the local society, with
the other ladies interested in the work,
are planning other affairs for the ad
vancement of the cause In this vicinity.
Richard Harding Davis
Tells of the Plans of
Generals Wheeler and Young
Compelled to Relinquish Com
mands Owing to Fever.
Special Cable to The Call and the Xew York Hernld. Copyrighted, 189S,
by James Gordon Bennett. • • ' '• -,-. . • ■ °.
FORE SANTIAGO, Thursday. June 30
(by Herald-Call Dispatch-boat Golden
Rod to Kingston, Jamaica, Friday,
July 1). — The attack on Santiago is to
begin in a few hours — at 4 o'clock to
morrow. From this ridge we can see
the lights of the city— street lamps
shining across a sea of mist two miles
wide and two miles long, which looks
in the moonlight like a great lake in
the basin of the hills.
Three columns of United States sol
diers are to descend to-morrow- morning
into this basin and attack the city, eat
ing up on their way the little villages of
El Caney and San Juan. They have
been pouring down, since early this
morning, the narrow trail that leads
from Siboney to Santiago. They came
In two single lines over the foothills on
either side of the trail, a foot deep with
water and mud.
The line seems interminable. Thou
sands of men, slipping and stumbling
in the wet grass and mud, passed slow
ly. As there seemed no end to them,
some one said they were the same men
marching in a circle around the hills
to impress the Spanish outposts.
Hours passed and still the men
moved forward in unbroken lines, the
moon rose and still they passed, great,
stalwart giants in brown, and young
volunteers in brown, and cavalry
mounted and unmounted, white and
colored, and pack trains of mules fol
lowed the leader's bell. There were
long halts while generals and colonels
fumed and swore and sent aids splash
ing between the lines to hurry up one
regiment and send another down the
side trail on the banks on either side.
The Cuban army, ragged "and starved,
rested after their tr-n?e years of effort
and laughed and cuatted as though
they said, "Now you will know how it
is yourselves." Russia's military at r .
tache looked at them and smiled. "Save
me from my friends," he said, "I can
take care of my enemies myself."
If the regiments are not los,t irr the
underbrush, which is not likely to, hap
pen, as the moon makes everything as
light as day, the three columns will
advance at reveille to-morrow, t»ut they
will move under a new commander.
In the army, whereas in spite of half
rations, tropical sun and tropical
storms, the sickness is only 2 per cent,
two of the generals are "down with
fever and have relinquished their com
mands. General Joseph Wheeler's
place is taken by General Sumner and
Colonel Wood of the Rough Riders
moves up to the command of a brigade
held by General Young, who is also
down with fever. Colonel Carroll of the
Sixth Cavalry takes General Sumner's
command of the First Brigade of
General Ludlow of the engineers, for
seme unknown reason, is made, by or
der from Washington, to take command
of Colonel Van Home's First Brigade
of Infantry of the second division. It
is proposed to reach San Juan, a little
suburb cf Santiago, just outside of
its gates. General Chaffee, with the
Twelfth Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel
Comba; Seventh, Colonel Benham, and
the Seventeenth, Lieutenant Celonel
Haskell, is to take El Caney, a town oc
cupied, it is believed, by one regiment
of Spanish soldiers. It is on the far
right of our line.
General Chaffee's attack on El Caney
is to be under the fire of Capron's bat
tery, which is on the hjll between El
Caney and the trail along which Chaf
fee will move. General Ludlow, with
the Second Massachusetts Regiment,
Colonel Clark: Twenty-secoiid Infan
try, Colonel Wikoff, and Eighth Infan
try, Major Conrad, is to re-enforce
Chaffee if necessary. Otherwise he is
to advance to the village of Duero, be
yond Caney. which is the most conspic
uous object in the basin. This will bring
him to the right o-f San Juan.
General Miles, with the Fourth In
fantry; Lieutenant Colonel Bainbridge,
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First Infantry;- Lieutenant -Colonel
Bisbe"e, ami Twenty-fourth Infantry,
Lieutenant Colpiiel Dage^tt. is to wait
in support of GeneraJ Ludlow. On the- .'
extreme left of the plain as the army
faces Santiago is General Sumner's
brigade o.f cavalry a.rid Captain Grimes',
battery of the Second Artillery: The
ba-ttery is "flanked By .Colonel Woods'
brigade, embracing the Rough Riders
t under Lieutenant Colbnej Roosevelt;
i First Cavalry. Colonel Diet, and. Tenth
Cavalry Lieutenant Colonel -Baldwin.
Colonel Carroll's Second ..Brigade,
which is lost at present in the moon.-
[ light, will support the movement* to the"'
| left of San Juan. It consists of- the
! Third Cavalry, Major WesselFa Sixth
| Cavalry, and the Ninth Cavalry, Colo
nel Hamilton. General Lawton will
probably advance with General Chaf
| fee. General Kent's division will re
■ main in the rear. General ' Shatter's
headquarters are also in the rear.
It is understood the navy will make
a demonstration in front of Agruadqres.
The plain over, which the troops will
maneuver is abo- t two miles- long and
two miles wido; quickly covered with
great bushes, vines and cacti. The
I trails through it are very narrow. It
is with difficulty that -. two men can
I walk abreast, consequently the ad
i vance on Santiago will be slow.
There is no intention to rush the
I city to-morrow, but to occupy the ob
it-, tive point, which is the town of San
| Juan, and so to threaten the city with-
I in a quarter of a mile cf its walls.
Now, near midnight. General Surriner
. and his staff are making maps in pencil,
jby the light of a candle. Troops are
I still passing in the moonlight and the
lights of Santiago have been put out.
In. the- bushes of the basin beneath us
22,000 men are sleeping, buried In the
sei of mist, waiting for the day.
Copyrighted, ■ IS9B, by the Associated Press.
via POrt .'Antonio -Jamaica, 6:30 p. m. —
Great ; disappointment is felt by the
navy officers over General Dufneld's
Inability to cross the stream at Agua
dores, w-hieh runs through a gully. Had
pontoons' been -brought from Altares
the western bluff : of Aguadores, com
manding ah ••■•exceJlenf position, could
have been taken and held under cover
of the ..fire -of. "the" fleet: There was a
trestle- across- the .stream, one span of
which- had been partly destroyed at thr?
western" end. Tf- Is not quite understood
why; General D'uffield did not try this
method 'of crossing.
The "auxiliary -cruiser Yoserrrite and
the repair- ship .Vulcan arrived this
morning. . •• . •'. - ' ■
Ttv Newark was not damaged by her
collision witfe the dispatch boat Dol
phiri. . •-.
Copyrighted, ISOB, hy the Associated Press.
SIBONEY, July 2.. 2 P. M. (via Playa
del Este and Guantanamo).— The bom
bardment of the forts, at the entrance
to Santiago harbor was resumed early
this morning and lasted over aivhpur.
The east corner of Mbrrtf Castle wns
knocked to pieces and the flag" ' shot
down. The share bateries to the west
of the entrance and to- the east of Mor,
ro Castle were also damaged. The re
turn fire was light, except from Cayo
Smith, inside of the harbor-
No damage was done to the ships.
The bateries fired at the ships ap they

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